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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214767/exploring-relations-among-mindfulness-facets-and-various-meditation-practices-do-they-work-in-different-ways
#1
Ausiàs Cebolla, Daniel Campos, Laura Galiana, Amparo Oliver, Jose Manuel Tomás, Albert Feliu-Soler, Joaquim Soler, Javier García-Campayo, Marcelo Demarzo, Rosa María Baños
Several meditation practices are associated with mindfulness-based interventions but little is known about their specific effects on the development of different mindfulness facets. This study aimed to assess the relations among different practice variables, types of meditation, and mindfulness facets. The final sample was composed of 185 participants who completed an on-line survey, including information on the frequency and duration of each meditation practice, lifetime practice, and the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire...
February 16, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214765/higher-theta-and-alpha1-coherence-when-listening-to-vedic-recitation-compared-to-coherence-during-transcendental-meditation-practice
#2
Frederick Travis, Niyazi Parim, Amrita Shrivastava
This study compared subjective experiences and EEG patterns in 37 subjects when listening to live Vedic recitation and when practicing Transcendental Meditation (TM). Content analysis of experiences when listening to Vedic recitation yielded three higher-order code. Experiences during Vedic recitation were: (1) deeper than during TM practice; (2) experienced as an inner process; and (3) characterized by lively silence. EEG patterns support these higher-order codes. Theta2 and alpha1 frontal, parietal, and frontal-parietal coherence were significantly higher when listening to Vedic recitation, than during TM practice...
February 16, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213988/-contribution-of-mindfulness-meditation-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia
#3
H Vanhuffel, M Rey, I Lambert, D Da Fonseca, F Bat-Pitault
INTRODUCTION: Insomnia is considered to be a serious public health issue affecting approximately 10% of adults. Chronic insomnia may increase the risk of health problem, psychological vulnerability and proneness to accidents. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is recommended as the first line of treatment. Even though CBT-I is widely considered as an effective therapy, 20 to 30% of patients do not respond to this treatment. Mindfulness therapy, known to reduce rumination and stress, could be an interesting complement to enhance CBT-I...
February 14, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208599/medical%C3%A2-yoga%C3%A2-therapy
#4
REVIEW
Ina Stephens
Medical yoga is defined as the use of yoga practices for the prevention and treatment of  medical conditions. Beyond the physical elements of yoga, which are important and effective for  strengthening  the  body,  medical  yoga  also  incorporates  appropriate  breathing  techniques,  mindfulness, and meditation in order to achieve the maximum benefits. Multiple studies have  shown that yoga can positively impact the body in many ways, including helping to regulate blood  glucose levels, improve musculoskeletal ailments and keeping the cardiovascular system in tune...
February 10, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206780/digital-recovery-management-characterizing-recovery-specific-social-network-site-participation-and-perceived-benefit
#5
Brandon G Bergman, Nathaniel W Kelly, Bettina B Hoeppner, Corrie L Vilsaint, John F Kelly
Research shows that digital social network sites (SNSs) may be valuable platforms to effect health behavior change. Little is known specifically about their ability to help address alcohol and other drug problems. This gap is noteworthy, given that individuals are already participating in existing, recovery-specific SNSs (hereafter referred to as recovery SNSs): online communities with the functionality of conventional SNSs (e.g., Facebook) that focus on substance use disorder (SUD) recovery. For example, InTheRooms...
February 16, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203348/flibanserin-for-hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-place-in-therapy
#6
REVIEW
Faina Gelman, Jessica Atrio
The pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of female sexual interest in pre- and post-menopausal women present a complex arena for patients and physicians to navigate. Flibanserin was the first pharmacologic treatment, approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration in August 2015, for hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) in premenopausal women. Side effects, contraindications and lack of approval in postmenopausal women are all limitations, as are issues surrounding patient and physician knowledge and access...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196761/effect-of-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-vaccination-on-t-lymphocyte-changes-in-male-rats
#7
Shiping Su, Xiuhong Zhou, Xiaorong Zhang, Fuigui Fang
The aim of this study was to detect the effect of immunization against gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) on cell-meditated immunity. Three-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=32) were randomly and equally assigned to two groups: 1) GnRH-tandem-ovalbumin immunized group; and 2) the control group (injected with an equivalent Al(OH)3 adjuvant). Blood samples were collected at two-week intervals to assess the level of GnRH-specific antibodies and testosterone. Moreover, blood and thymus samples were also collected to analyze the T lymphocyte subpopulations one and two months after the last booster immunization...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192456/the-flavanone-homoeriodictyol-increases-sglt-1-mediated-glucose-uptake-but-decreases-serotonin-release-in-differentiated-caco-2-cells
#8
Barbara Lieder, Julia Katharina Hoi, Ann-Katrin Holik, Katrin Geissler, Joachim Hans, Barbara Friedl, Kathrin Liszt, Gerhard E Krammer, Jakob P Ley, Veronika Somoza
Flavanoids and related polyphenols, among them hesperitin, have been shown to modulate cellular glucose transport by targeting SGLT-1 and GLUT-2 transport proteins. We aimed to investigate whether homoeriodictyol, which is structurally related to hesperitin, affects glucose uptake in differentiated Caco-2 cells as a model for the intestinal barrier. The results revealed that, in contrast to other polyphenols, the flavanon homoeriodictyol promotes glucose uptake by 29.0 ± 3.83% at a concentration of 100 μM...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191449/the-quest-for-mindful-sleep-a-critical-synthesis-of-the-impact-of-mindfulness-based-interventions-for-insomnia
#9
Sheila N Garland, Eric S Zhou, Brian D Gonzalez, Nicole Rodriguez
Mindfulness-Based Interventions (MBIs) for insomnia and sleep disturbances are receiving increasing clinical and research attention. This paper provides a critical appraisal of this growing area investigating the application of MBIs for people with insomnia and sleep disturbance. First, we discuss the theoretical justification for how mindfulness meditation practice may affect sleep processes. Second, we provide a focused review of literature published between January 1, 2012 and April 1, 2016 examining the impact of MBIs on sleep, broken down by whether insomnia or sleep disturbance was a primary or secondary outcome...
September 2016: Current Sleep Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191278/impact-of-yoga-and-meditation-on-cellular-aging-in-apparently-healthy-individuals-a-prospective-open-label-single-arm-exploratory-study
#10
Madhuri Tolahunase, Rajesh Sagar, Rima Dada
This study was designed to explore the impact of Yoga and Meditation based lifestyle intervention (YMLI) on cellular aging in apparently healthy individuals. During this 12-week prospective, open-label, single arm exploratory study, 96 apparently healthy individuals were enrolled to receive YMLI. The primary endpoints were assessment of the change in levels of cardinal biomarkers of cellular aging in blood from baseline to week 12, which included DNA damage marker 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OH2dG), oxidative stress markers reactive oxygen species (ROS), and total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and telomere attrition markers telomere length and telomerase activity...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190896/yoga-and-other-meditative-movement-therapies-to-reduce-chronic-pain
#11
Allison Achilefu, Kunal Joshi, Megan Meier, Laine H McCarthy
CLINICAL QUESTION: In adults with chronic pain, do yoga and other meditative movement therapies to improvement in chronic pain symptoms? ANSWER: Yes. However, in each of the studies reviewed, yoga classes were included as part of the pain management regime, sometimes alone and sometimes in tandem with DVDs or audiotapes. We feel that no exercise therapy program should be undertaken without professional coaching from certified, registered and qualified instructors...
January 2017: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185524/headspace
#12
(no author information available yet)
Headspace is designed to teach users meditation and mindfulness, which has been recommended by the NHS and National Institute for Health and Care Excellence to help mental well-being.
February 10, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177879/comprehensive-analysis-of-differentially-expressed-profiles-of-lncrnas-and-construction-of-mir-133b-mediated-cerna-network-in-colorectal-cancer
#13
Hao Wu, Runliu Wu, Miao Chen, Daojiang Li, Jing Dai, Yi Zhang, Kai Gao, Jun Yu, Gui Hu, Yihang Guo, Changwei Lin, Xiaorong Li
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a key role in tumorigenesis. However, the mechanism remains largely unknown. RESULTS: Thousands of significantly dysregulated lncRNAs and mRNAs were identified by microarray. Furthermore, a miR-133b-meditated lncRNA-mRNA ceRNA network was revealed, a subset of which was validated in 14 paired CRC patient tumor/non-tumor samples. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) results demonstrated that lncRNAs ENST00000520055 and ENST00000535511 shared KEGG pathways with miR-133b target genes...
February 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174544/the-process-of-self-cultivation-and-the-mandala-model-of-the-self
#14
Meiyao Wu
In his Mandala model of the self, Taiwanese scholar Kwang-Kuo Hwang sees each human being as a combination or intersection of private individual and social person, and also of knowledge and action. To further elaborate the model-with a particular emphasis on teaching/learning, the development of the ideal self and spiritual transcendence-this article will explore the psychological process of self-cultivation in the light of traditional Confucian thinking, which means keeping a balance between inner/outer and self/other...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173769/effects-of-an-antenatal-mindfulness-based-childbirth-and-parenting-programme-on-the-postpartum-experiences-of-mothers-a-qualitative-interview-study
#15
Françoise Roy Malis, Thorsten Meyer, Mechthild M Gross
BACKGROUND: Applications of mindfulness during the perinatal period have recently been explored and appear to offer a decrease in stress, anxiety and depression during this period. However, it still remains unclear what practical use women make of mindfulness during the postpartum period and the mechanisms through which it works. The subjective experience of mindfulness practice by mothers is not fully understood. The aim of the present study was to explore how women enrolled in a "Mindfulness-Based Childbirth and Parenting programme" experienced mindfulness practice during the postpartum period...
February 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166701/aligning-yoga-with-its-evolving-role-in-health-care
#16
Avinash R Patwardhan
Evidence is accumulating that suggests that yoga has beneficial effects in mitigating the impact of certain diseases. As a result, efforts are being made to medicalize yoga and use it within integrative medicine as a therapy. However, there are substantial shortcomings in the practice, policy, and research of yoga that undermine its optimal use. Yoga as a modality functions within a context. Therefore, it is important to occasionally step back and examine the entirety of the context from a high vantage to assess whether the tactical and programmatic endeavors are aligned with the strategic intended purpose...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163798/phenomenological-fingerprints-of-four-meditations-differential-state-changes-in-affect-mind-wandering-meta-cognition-and-interoception-before-and-after-daily-practice-across-9%C3%A2-months-of-training
#17
Bethany E Kok, Tania Singer
Despite increasing interest in the effects of mental training practices such as meditation, there is much ambiguity regarding whether and to what extent the various types of mental practice have differential effects on psychological change. To address this gap, we compare the effects of four common meditation practices on measures of state change in affect, mind-wandering, meta-cognition, and interoception. In the context of a 9-month mental training program called the ReSource Project, 229 mid-life adults (mean age 41) provided daily reports before and after meditation practice...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163797/mindful2work-effects-of-combined-physical-exercise-yoga-and-mindfulness-meditations-for-stress-relieve-in-employees-a-proof-of-concept-study
#18
Esther I de Bruin, Anne R Formsma, Gerard Frijstein, Susan M Bögels
Work-related stress and associated illness and burnout is rising in western society, with now as much as almost a quarter of European and half of USA's employees estimated to be at the point of burnout. Mindfulness meditation, yoga, and physical exercise have all shown beneficial effects for work-related stress and illness. This proof of concept study assessed the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effects of the newly developed Mindful2Work training, a combination of physical exercise, restorative yoga, and mindfulness meditations, delivered in six weekly group sessions plus a follow-up session...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163795/mindful-aging-the-effects-of-regular-brief-mindfulness-practice-on-electrophysiological-markers-of-cognitive-and-affective-processing-in-older-adults
#19
Peter Malinowski, Adam W Moore, Bethan R Mead, Thomas Gruber
There is growing interest in the potential benefits of mindfulness meditation practices in terms of counteracting some of the cognitive effects associated with aging. Pursuing this question, the aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of mindfulness training on executive control and emotion regulation in older adults, by means of studying behavioral and electrophysiological changes. Participants, 55 to 75 years of age, were randomly allocated to an 8-week mindful breath awareness training group or an active control group engaging in brain training exercises...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163794/modeling-the-effects-of-attentional-cueing-on-meditators
#20
Marieke K van Vugt, Paul M van den Hurk
Training in meditation has been shown to affect functioning of several attentional subsystems, most prominently conflict monitoring, and to some extent orienting. These previous findings described the effects of cueing and manipulating stimulus congruency on response times and accuracies. However, changes in accuracy and response times can arise from several factors. Computational process models can be used to distinguish different factors underlying changes in accuracy and response times. When decomposed by means of the drift diffusion model, a general process model of decision making that has been widely used, both the congruency and cueing effects, is subserved by a change in decision thresholds...
2017: Mindfulness
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