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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106552/meditation-and-music-improve-memory-and-cognitive-function-in-adults-with-subjective-cognitive-decline-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Kim E Innes, Terry Kit Selfe, Dharma Singh Khalsa, Sahiti Kandati
BACKGROUND: While effective therapies for preventing or slowing cognitive decline in at-risk populations remain elusive, evidence suggests mind-body interventions may hold promise. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we assessed the effects of Kirtan Kriya meditation (KK) and music listening (ML) on cognitive outcomes in adults experiencing subjective cognitive decline (SCD), a strong predictor of Alzheimer's disease. METHODS: Sixty participants with SCD were randomized to a KK or ML program and asked to practice 12 minutes/day for 3 months, then at their discretion for the ensuing 3 months...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095968/catathrenia-nocturnal-groaning-a-social-media-survey-and-state-of-the-art-review
#2
Jose Alonso, Macario Camacho, Dinesh K Chhetri, Christian Guilleminault, Soroush Zaghi
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Catathrenia is an underrecognized nocturnal vocalization phenomenon that can be a source of perplexity to patients, bed partners, and medical providers. Catathrenia is distinct from both sleep talking (a parasomnia with loud talking during sleep) and snoring (noise due to vibration of upper airway soft tissues related to variations in airway resistance). The objective of this review is to provide an evidence-based resource to help the practitioner reliably evaluate and manage patients with this condition...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093751/the-emergence-of-the-ecological-mind-in-hua-yen-kegon-buddhism-and-jungian-psychology
#3
Joe Cambray
The complexity associated with deep interconnectedness in nature is beginning to be articulated and elaborated in the field of ecological studies. While some parallels to the psyche have been made and the field of Eco-psychology has been developing, Jung's explicit contribution by way of the image of rhizomes has not been considered in detail. Philosopher Gilles Deleuze acknowledges borrowing the term from Jung, though he disagreed with Jung's Empedoclean use of the term. The paper presents some fundamental properties of rhizomes along with contemporary scientific research on mycorrhizal (fungal) networks...
February 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088534/the-social-transmission-of-metacontrol-policies-mechanisms-underlying-the-interpersonal-transfer-of-persistence-and-flexibility
#4
REVIEW
Bernhard Hommel, Lorenza S Colzato
Humans often face binary cognitive-control dilemmas, with the choice between persistence and flexibility being a crucial one. Tackling these dilemmas requires metacontrol, i.e., the control of the current cognitive-control policy. As predicted from functional, psychometric, neuroscientific, and modeling approaches, interindividual variability in metacontrol biases towards persistence or flexibility could be demonstrated in metacontrol-sensitive tasks. These biases covary systematically with genetic predispositions regarding mesofrontal and nigrostriatal dopaminergic functioning and the individualistic or collectivistic nature of the cultural background...
January 11, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085489/microrna-130a-promotes-human-keratinocyte-viability-and-migration-and-inhibits-apoptosis-through-direct-regulation-of-stk40-mediated-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-and-indirect-regulation-of-sox9-meditated-jnk-mapk-pathway-a-potential-role-in-psoriasis
#5
Ying Xiong, Hongxiao Chen, Liqian Liu, Leihong Lu, Zongshan Wang, Fujun Tian, Yongliang Zhao
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder. The aim of this study was to determine a potential role of microRNA (miR)-130a in psoriasis, and underlying mechanism. Expression levels of miR-130a in psoriasis specimens and normal skin tissues were analyzed. MiR-130a mimic, inhibitor, miR-control, small interfering RNA (siRNA) specific serine/threonine kinase 40 (STK40), or sex-determining region Y chromosome-box 9 (SOX9) were transfected to human keratinocyte HaCaT cells, respectively. After transfection, the cell viability, apoptosis, and migration were determined...
January 13, 2017: DNA and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084788/characteristics-of-adults-who-used-mindfulness-meditation-united-states-2012
#6
Natalia E Morone, Charity G Moore, Carol M Greco
OBJECTIVES: To describe estimates of the number and characteristics of persons who had used mindfulness meditation in the U.S. POPULATION: HASH(0x3b874a0) DESIGN: Data from 108,131 adults from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey were weighted to produce national estimates representative of the U.S. POPULATION: Persons who used mindfulness meditation were identified by their response to the question "During the past 12 months, did you use mindfulness meditation?" RESULTS: An estimated 2,029,720 adults had used mindfulness meditation...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083961/disruption-of-coma-homolog-in-ralstonia-solanacearum-does-not-impair-its-twitching-motility
#7
Anjan Barman, Chandrika Buragohain, Suvendra Kumar Ray
Ralstonia solanacearum is an important phyto-pathogenic bacterium. The bacterium exhibits type IV pili meditated twitching motility that has been implicated in the process of natural transformation in it. A comA gene homolog, alike in several other naturally competent bacteria, has been already reported in this bacterium. However, there are no report of direct link between comA and twitching motility during the natural transformation process in this pathogen. In order to figure out any connection between comA and twitching motility, we created an insertion mutation in comA gene homolog of R...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075155/a-qualitative-study-exploring-community-yoga-practice-in-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#8
Heather M Greysen, S Ryan Greysen, Kathryn A Lee, Oi Saeng Hong, Patricia Katz, Heather Leutwyler
OBJECTIVE: Yoga may improve physical function and reduce disease symptoms in adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, little is known about how patients with RA are practicing yoga in the community. The objective of this qualitative study was to explore community yoga practice characteristics and thoughts about yoga practice for adults with RA. DESIGN: Participants completed a semi-structured telephone interview with open-ended questions. Thematic analysis was used to analyze interview transcripts...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074864/a-novel-monoclonal-antibody-targeting-coxsackie-virus-and-adenovirus-receptor-inhibits-tumor-growth-in-vivo
#9
Manabu Kawada, Hiroyuki Inoue, Masunori Kajikawa, Masahito Sugiura, Shuichi Sakamoto, Sakiko Urano, Chigusa Karasawa, Ihomi Usami, Mitsuru Futakuchi, Tohru Masuda
To create a new anti-tumor antibody, we conducted signal sequence trap by retrovirus-meditated expression method and identified coxsackie virus and adenovirus receptor (CXADR) as an appropriate target. We developed monoclonal antibodies against human CXADR and found that one antibody (6G10A) significantly inhibited the growth of subcutaneous as well as orthotopic xenografts of human prostate cancer cells in vivo. Furthermore, 6G10A also inhibited other cancer xenografts expressing CXADR, such as pancreatic and colorectal cancer cells...
January 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067316/long-term-exposure-to-a-safe-dose-of-bisphenol-a-reduced-protein-acetylation-in-adult-rat-testes
#10
Zhuo Chen, Xuezhi Zuo, Dongliang He, Shibin Ding, Fangyi Xu, Huiqin Yang, Xin Jin, Ying Fan, Li Ying, Chong Tian, Chenjiang Ying
Bisphenol A (BPA), a typical environmental endocrine-disrupting chemical, induces epigenetic inheritance. Whether histone acetylation plays a role in these effects of BPA is largely unknown. Here, we investigated histone acetylation in male rats after long-term exposure to a 'safe' dose of BPA. Twenty adult male rats received either BPA (50 μg/kg·bw/day) or a vehicle diet for 35 weeks. Decreased protein lysine-acetylation levels at approximately ~17 kDa and ~25 kDa, as well as decreased histone acetylation of H3K9, H3K27 and H4K12, were detected by Western blot analysis of testes from the treated rats compared with controls...
January 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064385/review-of-yoga-therapy-during-cancer-treatment
#11
REVIEW
Suzanne C Danhauer, Elizabeth L Addington, Stephanie J Sohl, Alejandro Chaoul, Lorenzo Cohen
PURPOSE: Reviews of yoga research that distinguish results of trials conducted during (versus after) cancer treatment are needed to guide future research and clinical practice. We therefore conducted a review of non-randomized studies and randomized controlled trials of yoga interventions for children and adults undergoing treatment for any cancer type. METHODS: Studies were identified via research databases and reference lists. Inclusion criteria were the following: (1) children or adults undergoing cancer treatment, (2) intervention stated as yoga or component of yoga, and (3) publication in English in peer-reviewed journals through October 2015...
January 7, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063513/associations-between-yoga-meditation-use-body-satisfaction-and-weight-management-methods-results-of-a-national-cross-sectional-survey-of-8009-australian-women
#12
Romy Lauche, David Sibbritt, Thomas Ostermann, Nicholas R Fuller, Jon Adams, Holger Cramer
OBJECTIVES: To analyze whether yoga or meditation use is associated with body (dis)satisfaction and weight control methods in Australian women. METHODS: Women ages 34 to 39 y from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health were surveyed regarding body satisfaction, weight control behaviors, and yoga and meditation practice. Associations of body satisfaction and weight control methods with yoga/meditation practice were analyzed using chi-squared tests and multiple logistic regression modelling...
February 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056563/a-survey-of-licensed-acupuncturists-in-the-san-francisco-bay-area
#13
Donald Abrams, Michael McCulloch, Misha Cohen, Mike Liaw, Deborah Silverman, Carla Wilson
BACKGROUND: Many cancer patients seek traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the prevalence varying with diagnosis, comorbidities, and demographics. Interventions sought include acupuncture, massage, herbs, diet, and exercise, usually combined with conventional therapies. It is not known what proportion of TCM practitioners care for cancer patients, their cancer specific training or caseload, what interventions they employ, their outcomes, and their communication patterns with conventional oncologists...
January 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055821/prevalence-of-mindfulness-practices-in-the-us-workforce-national-health-interview-survey
#14
Diana Kachan, Henry Olano, Stacey L Tannenbaum, Debra W Annane, Ashwin Mehta, Kristopher L Arheart, Lora E Fleming, Xuan Yang, Laura A McClure, David J Lee
INTRODUCTION: Mindfulness-based practices can improve workers' health and reduce employers' costs by ameliorating the negative effect of stress on workers' health. We examined the prevalence of engagement in 4 mindfulness-based practices in the US workforce. METHODS: We used 2002, 2007, and 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data for adults (aged ≥18 y, n = 85,004) to examine 12-month engagement in meditation, yoga, tai chi, and qigong among different groups of workers...
January 5, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055295/igg-fc-variant-cross-reactivity-between-human-and-rhesus-macaque-fc%C3%AE-rs
#15
Austin W Boesch, Adam R Miles, Ying N Chan, Nana Y Osei-Owusu, Margaret E Ackerman
Non-human primate (NHP) studies are often an essential component of antibody development efforts prior to human trials. Because the efficacy or toxicity of candidate antibodies may depend on their interactions with Fcγ receptors (FcγR) and their resulting ability to induce FcγR-mediated effector functions such as antibody-dependent cell-meditated cytotoxicity and phagocytosis (ADCP), the evaluation of human IgG variants with modulated affinity towards human FcγR is becoming more prevalent in both infectious disease and oncology studies in NHP...
January 5, 2017: MAbs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053898/aromatherapy-with-two-essential-oils-from-satureja-genre-and-mindfulness-meditation-to-reduce-anxiety-in-humans
#16
Marilú Roxana Soto-Vásquez, Paúl Alan Arkin Alvarado-García
The goal of this study was to verify whether association of aromatherapy with essential oils of Satureja brevicalyx or Satureja boliviana and mindfulness meditation can reduce anxiety levels in humans. A randomized experimental trial was carried out with 108 participants who were divided into 6 groups, comprising a waiting list control group and five experimental groups. Aromatherapy was carried out by inhalation of essential oils while mindfulness intervention program was focused on "flow meditation". The anxiety index was evaluated by State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051319/effects-of-yoga-on-heart-rate-variability-and-depressive-symptoms-in-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
I-Hua Chu, Wen-Lan Wu, I-Mei Lin, Yu-Kai Chang, Yuh-Jen Lin, Pin-Chen Yang
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of a 12-week yoga program on heart rate variability (HRV) and depressive symptoms in depressed women. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial. Twenty-six sedentary women scoring ≥14 on the Beck Depression Inventory-II were randomized to either the yoga or the control group. The yoga group completed a 12-week yoga program, which took place twice a week for 60 min per session and consisted of breathing exercises, yoga pose practice, and supine meditation/relaxation...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050359/osho-dynamic-meditation-s-effect-on-serum-cortisol-level
#18
Anuj Bansal, Ashish Mittal, Vikas Seth
INTRODUCTION: Dynamic meditation is one of the most popular active meditation, introduced by an Indian mystic Osho in 1970. This one hour meditation consists of five stages: Deep fast chaotic breathing, catharsis, using a mantra "Hoo", silence, and dancing. A previous study observed that Osho dynamic meditation causes decrease in several psychopathological variables such as aggressive behaviour, anxiety and depression. However, it is not objectively established that the dynamic meditation has an anti-stress effect...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045199/yoga-for-improving-health-related-quality-of-life-mental-health-and-cancer-related-symptoms-in-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Holger Cramer, Romy Lauche, Petra Klose, Silke Lange, Jost Langhorst, Gustav J Dobos
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the cancer most frequently diagnosed in women worldwide. Even though survival rates are continually increasing, breast cancer is often associated with long-term psychological distress, chronic pain, fatigue and impaired quality of life. Yoga comprises advice for an ethical lifestyle, spiritual practice, physical activity, breathing exercises and meditation. It is a complementary therapy that is commonly recommended for breast cancer-related impairments and has been shown to improve physical and mental health in people with different cancer types...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042963/a-systematic-review-of-brief-mental-health-and-well-being-interventions-in-organizational-settings
#20
Ivana Ivandic, Aislinne Freeman, Ulrich Birner, Dennis Nowak, Carla Sabariego
Objectives The aim of the systematic review was to provide an overview of the evidence on the effectiveness of brief interventions targeting mental health and well-being in organizational settings and compare their effects with corresponding interventions of common (ie, longer) duration. Methods An extensive systematic search was conducted using the Medline and PsycINFO databases for the period of 2000-2016. Randomized-controlled trials (RCT) and quasi-experimental studies evaluating primary or secondary brief interventions carried out in the workplace settings were included...
January 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
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