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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342990/telephone-adapted-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-tmbsr-for-patients-awaiting-kidney-transplantation
#1
Cynthia R Gross, Maryanne Reilly-Spong, Taehwan Park, Ruizhi Zhao, Olga V Gurvich, Hassan N Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Patients with progressive kidney disease experience increasing physiologic and psychosocial stressors and declining health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: We conducted a randomized, active-controlled, open-label trial to test whether a Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program delivered in a novel workshop-teleconference format would reduce symptoms and improve HRQOL in patients awaiting kidney transplantation. Sixty-three transplant candidates were randomized to one of two arms: i) telephone-adapted MBSR (tMBSR, an 8-week program of meditation and yoga); or ii) a telephone-based support group (tSupport)...
March 22, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342147/meaning-making-coping-among-cancer-patients-in-sweden-and-south-korea-a-comparative-perspective
#2
Fereshteh Ahmadi, Jisung Park, Kyung Mee Kim, Nader Ahmadi
The present study compared meaning-making coping among cancer patients in Sweden and South Korea, with a focus on the sociocultural context. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 51 Swedes and 33 Koreans. The results showed significant differences between the two countries as well as similarities in existential, spiritual, and religious coping. For example, Swedes primarily used meaning-making coping as a means of meditation or relaxation, whereas Koreans relied on coping with prayer and using healthy foods as a means to survive...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338644/clinical-hypnosis-an-effective-mind-body-modality-for-adolescents-with-behavioral-and-physical-complaints
#3
REVIEW
Anju Sawni, Cora Collette Breuner
Mind-body medicine is a system of health practices that includes meditation/relaxation training, guided imagery, hypnosis, biofeedback, yoga, art/music therapy, prayer, t'ai chi, and psychological therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy. Clinical hypnosis is an important mind-body tool that serves as an adjunct to conventional medical care for the adolescent patient. Clinical hypnosis specifically uses self-directed therapeutic suggestions to cultivate the imagination and facilitate the mind-body connection, leading to positive emotional and physical well-being...
March 24, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338177/5-aminolevulinic-acid-photodynamic-therapy-stimulates-local-immunity-in-patients-with-condylomata-acuminata-via-activation-of-t-lymphocytes
#4
J Du, Q Cheng, Z Zhang, J-F Wu, F Li, S-Y Chen, Y-L Wang, X-N Lu, J-H Xu
OBJECTIVE: 5-Aminolevulinic acid photodynamic therapy (5-ALA-PDT) for condylomata acuminate (CA) is effective and safe, but how this treatment affects immune reaction is poorly understood. We aimed to explore the effects of PDT on local immunity in CA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Immunohistochemical analysis before and after PDT was performed to analyze local changes in the distribution of T lymphocytes, CD123+ plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) and CD1a+ myeloid DCs...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335277/receptor-meditated-endocytosis-by-hyaluronic-acid-superparamagnetic-nanovetor-for-targeting-of-cd44-overexpressing-tumor-cells
#5
Kwang Sik Yu, Meng Meng Lin, Hyun-Ju Lee, Ki-Sik Tae, Bo-Sun Kang, Je Hun Lee, Nam Seob Lee, Young Gil Jeong, Seung-Yun Han, Do Kyung Kim
The present report proposes a more rational hyaluronic acid (HA) conjugation protocol that can be used to modify the surface of the superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) by covalently binding the targeting molecules (HA) with glutamic acid as a molecular linker on peripheral surface of SPIONs. The synthesis of HA-Glutamic Acid (GA)@SPIONs was included oxidization of nanoparticle's surface with H₂O₂ followed by activation of hydroxyl group and reacting glutamic acid as an intermediate molecule demonstrating transfection of lung cancer cells...
August 18, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334685/serum-ifn-%C3%AE-induced-protein-10-ip-10-as-a-biomarker-for-severity-of-acute-respiratory-infection-in-healthy-adults
#6
Mary S Hayney, Kelsey M Henriquez, Jodi H Barnet, Tola Ewers, Heather M Champion, Sean Flannery, Bruce Barrett
BACKGROUND: The inflammatory chemokine, interferon-gamma inducible protein of 10kDa (IP-10), is a biomarker associated with several conditions. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated serum concentrations of IP-10 in healthy individuals who developed acute respiratory infection (ARI). The hypothesis is that serum IP-10 concentrations correlate with ARI severity and detection of viral pathogens. STUDY DESIGN: Data come from a randomized controlled trial measuring the effects of mindfulness meditation or exercise on ARI (Clinical Trials ID: NCT01654289)...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333611/transcendental-meditation-and-reduced-trauma-symptoms-in-female-inmates-a-randomized-controlled-study
#7
Sanford Nidich, Angela Seng, Blaze Compton, Tom O'connor, John W Salerno, Randi Nidich
CONTEXT: Compared with the general population, trauma experiences are higher among incarcerated women. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of Transcendental Meditation (TM) on trauma symptoms in female offenders. DESIGN: Twenty-two inmates at the Coffee Creek Correctional Facility in Wilsonville, OR, with at least 4 months left of incarceration were enrolled in this randomized controlled pilot study. Subjects were randomly assigned to either the TM group (n = 11) or a wait-list control group (n = 11)...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326598/compassion-based-meditation-in-african-americans-self-criticism-mediates-changes-in-depression
#8
Suzanne B Johnson, Bradley L Goodnight, Huaiyu Zhang, Irene Daboin, Bobbi Patterson, Nadine J Kaslow
This study examines self-criticism as a mechanism through which compassion meditation reduces depressive symptoms in low-income African American men and women (N = 59) who had recently attempted suicide. After completing several measures, including the Levels of Self-Criticism Scale and Beck Depression Inventory-II, participants were randomly assigned to receive either a six-session compassion meditation (CM) group (Grady Compassion and Meditation Program) or a six-session support group. As predicted, path analysis results showed that treatment condition led to changes in self-criticism from pre- to posttreatment, with those receiving CM showing greater reductions in levels of self-criticism than those randomized to the support group...
March 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323668/mindfulness-meditation-training-and-executive-control-network-resting-state-functional-connectivity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Adrienne A Taren, Peter J Gianaros, Carol M Greco, Emily K Lindsay, April Fairgrieve, Kirk Warren Brown, Rhonda K Rosen, Jennifer L Ferris, Erica Julson, Anna L Marsland, J David Creswell
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness meditation training has been previously shown to enhance behavioral measures of executive control (e.g. attention, working memory, cognitive control), but the neural mechanisms underlying these improvements are largely unknown. Here, we test whether mindfulness training interventions foster executive control by strengthening functional connections between dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) - a hub of the executive control network - and frontoparietal regions that coordinate executive function...
March 20, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321194/mindfulness-and-emotion-regulation-insights-from-neurobiological-psychological-and-clinical-studies
#10
REVIEW
Simón Guendelman, Sebastián Medeiros, Hagen Rampes
There is increasing interest in the beneficial clinical effects of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs). Research has demonstrated their efficacy in a wide range of psychological conditions characterized by emotion dysregulation. Neuroimaging studies have evidenced functional and structural changes in a myriad of brain regions mainly involved in attention systems, emotion regulation, and self-referential processing. In this article we review studies on psychological and neurobiological correlates across different empirically derived models of research, including dispositional mindfulness, mindfulness induction, MBIs, and expert meditators in relation to emotion regulation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317364/-expression-and-effect-of-s100a9-in-the-periodontium-of-diabetic-rats
#11
Sun Wenhua, Chen Guoqing, Tian Weidong
OBJECTIVE: The study seeks to investigate the expression of S100A9 and its potential role in periodontal diseases induced by diabetes. METHODS: A diabetic SD rat model was established through intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was performed to study the structure of the periodontium of diabetic rats. Using immunohistochemical staining, the distribution of S100A9 expression was detected in the periodontium of diabetic rats...
August 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314552/effects-of-mindfulness-meditation-on-occupational-functioning-and-health-care-utilization-in-individuals-with-anxiety
#12
Elizabeth A Hoge, Brittany M Guidos, Mihriye Mete, Eric Bui, Mark H Pollack, Naomi M Simon, Mary Ann Dutton
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of mindfulness meditation on occupational functioning in individuals with Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). METHODS: Fifty-seven individuals with GAD (mean (SD) age=39 (13); 56% women) participated in an 8-week clinical trial in which they were randomized to mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) or an attention control class. In this secondary analysis, absenteeism, entire workdays missed, partial workdays missed, and healthcare utilization patterns were assessed before and after treatment...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314462/neuroscience-inspired-behavioral-change-program-for-university-students
#13
REVIEW
James J Hudziak, Gesa L Tiemeier
It is clear that environmental influences impact the structure and function of the human brain, and thus, thoughts, actions, and behaviors. These in turn influence whether an individual engages in high-risk (drugs, alcohol, violence) or health-promoting (exercise, meditation, music) activities. The developmental mismatch between cortical and subcortical maturation of the transitional age brain places college students at risk for negative outcomes. This article argues that the prescription of incentive-based behavioral change and brain-building activities simply make good scientific, programmatic, and financial sense for colleges and universities...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293180/brief-mental-training-reorganizes-large-scale-brain-networks
#14
Yi-Yuan Tang, Yan Tang, Rongxiang Tang, Jarrod A Lewis-Peacock
Emerging evidences have shown that one form of mental training-mindfulness meditation, can improve attention, emotion regulation and cognitive performance through changing brain activity and structural connectivity. However, whether and how the short-term mindfulness meditation alters large-scale brain networks are not well understood. Here, we applied a novel data-driven technique, the multivariate pattern analysis (MVPA) to resting-state fMRI (rsfMRI) data to identify changes in brain activity patterns and assess the neural mechanisms induced by a brief mindfulness training-integrative body-mind training (IBMT), which was previously reported in our series of randomized studies...
2017: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292834/functional-connectivity-of-multiple-brain-regions-required-for-the-consolidation-of-social-recognition-memory
#15
Toshiyuki Tanimizu, Justin W Kenney, Emiko Okano, Kazune Kadoma, Paul W Frankland, Satoshi Kida
Social recognition memory is an essential and basic component of social behavior to discriminate familiar and novel animals/humans. Previous studies have shown the importance of several brain regions for social recognition memories; however, the mechanisms underlying the consolidation of social recognition memory at the molecular and anatomic levels remain unknown. Here, we show a brain network necessary for the generation of social recognition memory in mice. A mouse genetic study showed that cAMP-responsive element-binding protein (CREB)-mediated transcription is required for the formation of social recognition memory...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287800/how-does-brief-motivational-intervention-change-heavy-drinking-and-harm-among-underage-young-adult-drinkers
#16
Molly Magill, Suzanne M Colby, Lindsay Orchowski, James G Murphy, Ariel Hoadley, Linda A Brazil, Nancy P Barnett
OBJECTIVE: This study tested mediating processes hypothesized to explain the therapeutic benefit of an efficacious motivational interview (MI). The constructs of interest were motivation to change, cognitive dissonance about current drinking, self-efficacy for change, perceived young adult drinking norms, future drinking intentions, and the use of protective behavioral strategies. METHOD: A randomized controlled trial compared the efficacy of a brief MI to a time- and attention-matched control of meditation and relaxation training for alcohol use...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286985/use-of-mindfulness-meditation-and-relaxation-to-treat-vasomotor-symptoms
#17
REVIEW
K M Goldstein, M Shepherd-Banigan, R R Coeytaux, J R McDuffie, S Adam, D Befus, A P Goode, A S Kosinski, V Masilamani, J W Williams
Postmenopausal women with bothersome vasomotor symptoms (VMS) often seek alternatives to hormone-based treatment due to medication risks or personal preference. We sought to identify the effects of meditation, mindfulness, hypnosis and relaxation on VMS and health-related quality of life in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women. To do this, we conducted an umbrella review supplemented by new randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) published since the most recent good-quality systematic review for eligible interventions...
April 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285721/corrigendum-to-is-meditation-always-relaxing-investigating-heart-rate-heart-rate-variability-experienced-effort-and-likeability-during-training-of-three-types-of-meditation-int-j-psychophysiol-97-1-2015-38-45
#18
Anna-Lena Lumma, Bethany E Kok, Tania Singer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281922/a-high-performance-non-radioactive-potency-assay-for-measuring-cytotoxicity-a-full-substitute-of-the-chromium-release-assay-targeting-the-regulatory-compliance-objective
#19
Alexis Rossignol, Véronique Bonnaudet, Béatrice Clémenceau, Henri Vié, Laurent Bretaudeau
Standardized and biologically relevant potency assays are required by the regulatory authorities for the characterization and quality control of therapeutic antibodies. As critical mechanisms of action (MoA) of antibodies, the antibody-dependent cell-meditated cytotoxicity (ADCC) and complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) must be characterized by appropriate potency assays. The current reference method for measuring cytotoxicity is the (51)Cr-release method. However, radioactivity handling is difficult to implement in an industrial context because of environmental and operator protection constraints...
February 8, 2017: MAbs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281263/rapid-detection-of-microbial-contamination-using-a-microfluidic-device
#20
Mustafa Al-Adhami, Dagmawi Tilahun, Govind Rao, Chandrasekhar Gurramkonda, Yordan Kostov
A portable kinetics fluorometer is developed to detect viable cells which may be contaminating various samples. The portable device acts as a single-excitation, single-emission photometer that continuously measures fluorescence intensity of an indicator dye and plots it. The slope of the plot depends on the number of colony forming units per milliliter. The device uses resazurin as the indicator dye. Viable cells reduce resazurin to resorufin, which is more fluorescent. Photodiode is used to detect fluorescence change...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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