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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542739/afternoon-cortisol-provides-a-link-between-self-regulated-anger-and-peer-reported-aggression-in-typically-developing-children-in-the-school-context
#1
Eva Oberle, Kaitlyn McLachlan, Nicole L A Catherine, Ursula Brain, Kimberly A Schonert-Reichl, Joanne Weinberg, Tim F Oberlander
Aggression jeopardizes positive development in children and predicts social and academic maladjustment in school. The present study determined the relationships among anger dysregulation (a marker of emotion regulation), cortisol activity (a biomarker of stress), and peer-nominated aggression in typically developing children in their everyday classroom setting (N = 151, Mean age = 10.86, SD =.74). Salivary cortisol was collected at 09:15, 11:45, and 14:45 hr across 4 consecutive days. Children provided self-reports of anger regulation; peers reported proactive and reactive aggressive behaviors...
May 22, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542667/-ign-complementary-alternative-medicine-in-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-mood-disorders
#2
María Pilar Pérez Carmona
The Complementary/Alternative Medicine (CAM) have been increasingly used by patients such as children and adolescents. The Ministry of Health in Chile (MINSAL) has recognized and regulated some CAM, although there is still unknown their effectiveness and safety of these. OBJECTIVE: Review the available evidence regarding the use of CAM in adolescents with the attention deficit hyperactivity syndrome (ADHD) and mood disorders. METHODOLOGY: A review of the related literature about this topic on PubMed, focus on the last 10 years and using as a keywords Complementary/Alternative Medicine/Therapies, Attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity, Mood disorders, and Children/Adolescents...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542181/the-varieties-of-contemplative-experience-a-mixed-methods-study-of-meditation-related-challenges-in-western-buddhists
#3
Jared R Lindahl, Nathan E Fisher, David J Cooper, Rochelle K Rosen, Willoughby B Britton
Buddhist-derived meditation practices are currently being employed as a popular form of health promotion. While meditation programs draw inspiration from Buddhist textual sources for the benefits of meditation, these sources also acknowledge a wide range of other effects beyond health-related outcomes. The Varieties of Contemplative Experience study investigates meditation-related experiences that are typically underreported, particularly experiences that are described as challenging, difficult, distressing, functionally impairing, and/or requiring additional support...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540522/the-role-of-ego-resiliency-as-mediator-of-the-longitudinal-relationship-between-family-socio-economic-status-and-school-grades
#4
Guido Alessandri, Antonio Zuffianò, Nancy Eisenberg, Concetta Pastorelli
Family socio-economic status (SES) represents one of the major determinants of youth's scholastic achievement, and thus it is important to unravel the psychological factors underlining this relation. In this article, we examined youth's ability to flexibly adapt and, thus, cope with harsh environmental conditions-assessed by the construct of ego-resiliency-as a mediating mechanism in the across-time association between family SES and academic achievement. The longitudinal sample was composed of 265 (56% females) Italian students who were about 13 years old at Time 1 (T1) and about 18 years old at Time 2 (T2)...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529532/the-effect-of-three-different-meditation-exercises-on-hypertension-a-network-meta-analysis
#5
Hongchang Yang, Xueping Wu, Min Wang
We aimed to use the pairwise and network meta-analysis to estimate the effects of different meditation exercises on the control of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were retrieved from PubMed and Embase up to June 2016, which are published in English and reported on meditation exercise for hypertensive patients. Risks of bias assessment of the included studies were assessed by Cochrane Collaboration Recommendations and network meta-analysis was performed by ADDIS...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527057/behavioral-therapy-emotion-and-pain-a-common-anatomical-background
#6
Lauren A-M Dahlke, Jeffrey J Sable, Frank Andrasik
Emotion and pain are closely intertwined in the brain, as the human experience of pain includes both affective and nociceptive components. Although each of these components relies on a different system in the brain, the two systems converge on the anterior cingulate and insular cortices, which interact with the prefrontal cortex and other frontal structures to influence behavior. Both emotional and physical pain elicit activity in these common areas, and conditions that affect one system (e.g., drugs, neural plasticity) may affect the function of the other-ultimately altering the experience of pain...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524414/complementary-medicine-use-among-general-internal-medicine-inpatients-in-a-swiss-university-hospital
#7
Isabelle Ducrest, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Mohamed Faouzi, Bernard Burnand, Gérard Waeber, Pierre-Yves Rodondi
BACKGROUND: Complementary Medicine (CM) is frequently used by the general population, but data about prevalence among hospitalised patients are scarce. We evaluated the prevalence and determinants of CM use by inpatients, lifetime, 2 months before and during their hospitalisation in a general internal medicine ward. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey conducted in September 2014 among adult (≥18 years) patients hospitalised for at least 1 day in the general internal medicine ward of the Lausanne University Hospital, Switzerland...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515685/pupillary-response-to-negative-emotional-stimuli-is-differentially-affected-in-meditation-practitioners
#8
Alejandra Vasquez-Rosati, Enzo P Brunetti, Carmen Cordero, Pedro E Maldonado
Clinically, meditative practices have become increasingly relevant, decreasing anxiety in patients and increasing antibody production. However, few studies have examined the physiological correlates, or effects of the incorporation of meditative practices. Because pupillary reactivity is a marker for autonomic changes and emotional processing, we hypothesized that the pupillary responses of mindfulness meditation practitioners (MP) and subjects without such practices (non-meditators (NM)) differ, reflecting different emotional processing...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513187/stress-and-response-to-treatment-insights-from-a-pilot-study-using-a-4-week-contemplative-self-healing-meditation-intervention-for-posttraumatic-stress-in-breast-cancer
#9
Emanuela Offidani, Janey C Peterson, Joseph Loizzo, Anne Moore, Mary E Charlson
Along with symptoms of anxiety and depression, many breast cancer survivors experience symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that may worsen in the setting of other stressful life events. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate whether a 4-week version of our Contemplative Self-Healing program would have different effects in reducing PTSD symptoms between breast cancer survivors with or without chronic stress at baseline. PTSD symptoms were measured using the Impact of Events scale (IES). A linear mixed model analysis was used to evaluate within patients changes in IES score...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512119/complementary-and-integrative-medicine-in-the-management-of-headache
#10
REVIEW
Denise Millstine, Christina Y Chen, Brent Bauer
Headaches, including primary headaches such as migraine and tension-type headache, are a common clinical problem. Complementary and integrative medicine (CIM), formerly known as complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), uses evidence informed modalities to assist in the health and healing of patients. CIM commonly includes the use of nutrition, movement practices, manual therapy, traditional Chinese medicine, and mind-body strategies. This review summarizes the literature on the use of CIM for primary headache and is based on five meta-analyses, seven systematic reviews, and 34 randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
May 16, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511826/use-of-hypnosis-meditation-and-biofeedback-in-dermatology
#11
Philip D Shenefelt
Hypnosis utilizes trance to access otherwise inaccessible repressed or unconscious memories and features of the psyche and control of physiology not attainable in the ordinary conscious waking state. Medical uses of hypnosis in dermatology include reducing discomfort from itching or skin pain, altering ingrained dysfunctional habits such as scratching, promoting healing of skin disorders, searching for psychosomatic aspects of skin disorders and alleviating them, and reframing cognitive and emotional dysfunctional patterns related to skin disorders...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509854/the-phenolic-fraction-of-mentha-haplocalyx-and-its-constituent-linarin-ameliorate-inflammatory-response-through-inactivation-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-mapks-in-lipopolysaccharide-induced-raw264-7-cells
#12
Xiangyang Chen, Shujing Zhang, Zinan Xuan, Dongyu Ge, Xiaoming Chen, Junjie Zhang, Qian Wang, Ying Wu, Bin Liu
Mentha haplocalyx has been widely used for its flavoring and medicinal properties and as a traditional Chinese medicine with its anti-inflammation properties. The present study was designed to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects and potential molecular mechanisms of the phenolic fraction of M. haplocalyx (MHP) and its constituent linarin in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 cells. The high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with linear ion trap-orbitrap mass spectrometry (HPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS) was used to analyze the chemical composition of MHP...
May 16, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508879/oxidative-stress-and-male-infertility
#13
REVIEW
Shilpa Bisht, Muneeb Faiq, Madhuri Tolahunase, Rima Dada
DNA damage, largely owing to oxidative stress, is a leading cause of defective sperm function. High levels of oxidative stress result in damage to sperm DNA, RNA transcripts, and telomeres and, therefore might provide a common underlying aetiology of male infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss, in addition to congenital malformations, complex neuropsychiatric disorders, and childhood cancers in children fathered by men with defective sperm cells. Spermatozoa are highly vulnerable to oxidative stress owing to limited levels of antioxidant defence and a single, limited DNA-damage detection and repair mechanism...
May 16, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504364/mindfulness-meditation-regulates-anterior-insula-activity-during-empathy-for-social-pain
#14
Davide Laneri, Sören Krach, Frieder M Paulus, Philipp Kanske, Verena Schuster, Jens Sommer, Laura Müller-Pinzler
Mindfulness has been shown to reduce stress, promote health, and well-being, as well as to increase compassionate behavior toward others. It reduces distress to one's own painful experiences, going along with altered neural responses, by enhancing self-regulatory processes and decreasing emotional reactivity. In order to investigate if mindfulness similarly reduces distress and neural activations associated with empathy for others' socially painful experiences, which might in the following more strongly motivate prosocial behavior, the present study compared trait, and state effects of long-term mindfulness meditation (LTM) practice...
May 15, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503528/the-development-of-anger-management-program-based-on-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-youth-taekwondo-players
#15
Duksun Chang, Seunghyun Hwang
This study aimed to develop an intervention program based on acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for youth taekwondo players. Eight sessions of the ACT program were provided to nine youth taekwondo players. The content analysis was conducted for the activities, activity sheets, assignments, and program evaluations. First of all, the results showed that the ACT program changed the participants' diverse psychological inflexibility a flexible and value-oriented state, which was supported by their positive mood changes after each session...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503039/the-possible-role-of-meditation-in-myofascial-pain-syndrome-a-new-hypothesis
#16
Prashanth Panta
BACKGROUND OF HYPOTHESIS: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is the most common musculoskeletal pain disorder of the head and neck area. In the past, several theories were put forth to explain its origin and nature, but none proved complete. Myofascial pain responds to changing psychological states and stress, anxiety, lack of sleep, anger, depression and chronic pain are direct contributional factors. Myofascial pain syndrome may be considered as a psychosomatic disorder. There are numerous accepted palliative approaches, but of all, relaxation techniques stand out and initiate healing at the base level...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497700/instrumental-measurements-of-water-and-the-surrounding-space-during-a-randomized-blinded-controlled-trial-of-focused-intention
#17
Luís Carlos Matos, Sara Cristina Santos, Joel G Anderson, Jorge Machado, Henry Johannes Greten, Fernando Jorge Monteiro
The main goal of this work was the assessment of measurable interactions induced by focused intention, frequently used in biofield practices such as Healing Touch and Reiki. Water, as the main component of the human body, was chosen as a model. Intention experiments were performed over 4 different days at a scheduled interval, during which 286 trained biofield practitioners from several countries were instructed to meditate with the intention to change the molecular vibrational state of water samples selected by a blinded operator...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495391/engaging-women-with-an-embodied-conversational-agent-to-deliver-mindfulness-and-lifestyle-recommendations-a-feasibility-randomized-control-trial
#18
Paula M Gardiner, Kelly D McCue, Lily M Negash, Teresa Cheng, Laura F White, Leanne Yinusa-Nyahkoon, Brian W Jack, Timothy W Bickmore
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial evaluates the feasibility of using an Embodied Conversational Agent (ECA) to teach lifestyle modifications to urban women. METHODS: Women were randomized to either 1) an ECA (content included: mindfulness, stress management, physical activity, and healthy eating) or 2) patient education sheets mirroring same content plus a meditation CD/MP3 once a day for one month. General outcome measures included: number of stress management techniques used, physical activity levels, and eating patterns...
April 26, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493227/-complementary-and-alternative-procedures-for-fibromyalgia-syndrome-updated-guidelines-2017-and-overview-of-systematic-review-articles
#19
J Langhorst, P Heldmann, P Henningsen, K Kopke, L Krumbein, H Lucius, A Winkelmann, B Wolf, W Häuser
BACKGROUND: The regular update of the guidelines on fibromyalgia syndrome, AWMF number 145/004, was scheduled for April 2017. METHODS: The guidelines were developed by 13 scientific societies and 2 patient self-help organizations coordinated by the German Pain Society. Working groups (n =8) with a total of 42 members were formed balanced with respect to gender, medical expertise, position in the medical or scientific hierarchy and potential conflicts of interest...
May 10, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489508/tai-chi-chih-compared-with-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-insomnia-in-survivors-of-breast-cancer-a-randomized-partially-blinded-noninferiority-trial
#20
Michael R Irwin, Richard Olmstead, Carmen Carrillo, Nina Sadeghi, Perry Nicassio, Patricia A Ganz, Julienne E Bower
Purpose Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) and Tai Chi Chih (TCC), a movement meditation, improve insomnia symptoms. Here, we evaluated whether TCC is noninferior to CBT-I for the treatment of insomnia in survivors of breast cancer. Patients and Methods This was a randomized, partially blinded, noninferiority trial that involved survivors of breast cancer with insomnia who were recruited from the Los Angeles community from April 2008 to July 2012. After a 2-month phase-in period with repeated baseline assessment, participants were randomly assigned to 3 months of CBT-I or TCC and evaluated at months 2, 3 (post-treatment), 6, and 15 (follow-up)...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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