keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cough in children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786547/protective-effect-of-breastfeeding-on-recurrent-cough-in-adulthood
#1
Kimberly D Gerhart, Debra A Stern, Stefano Guerra, Wayne J Morgan, Fernando D Martinez, Anne L Wright
RATIONALE: Breastfeeding protects from respiratory infections in early life but its relationship to recurrent cough and other respiratory outcomes in adult life is not well established. METHODS: Infant feeding practices were assessed prospectively in the Tucson Children's Respiratory Study, a non-selected birth cohort and categorised into formula from birth or introduced <1 month, formula introduced ≥1 to <4 months and exclusive breastfeeding for ≥4 months...
May 21, 2018: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785865/an-oesophageal-spring
#2
Elisabetta Calamelli, Tomasso Gargano, Sandra Brusa, Paolo Bottau, Mario Lima, Marcello Lanari
Oesophageal foreign bodies (OFBs) are a relatively common emergency in young children. OFBs are complicated by significant morbidity and mortality because their ingestion often occurs without witnesses, leading to a delay in diagnosis and treatment. We report an occult OFB in an 11-month-old infant who initially presented without any specific respiratory symptoms, mimicking a respiratory infection. Worsening of the patient's cough, which did not show any improvement, despite treatment, and progressive onset of gastrointestinal manifestations (dysphagia, vomiting, and drooling) led to the diagnosis of an OFB (metallic spring)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778403/the-cf-sputum-induction-trial-cf-spit-to-assess-lower-airway-bacterial-sampling-in-young-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-prospective-internally-controlled-interventional-trial
#3
Katherine Ronchetti, Jo-Dee Tame, Christopher Paisey, Lena P Thia, Iolo Doull, Robin Howe, Eshwar Mahenthiralingam, Julian T Forton
BACKGROUND: Pathogen surveillance is challenging but crucial in children with cystic fibrosis-who are often non-productive of sputum even if actively coughing-because infection and lung disease begin early in life. The role of sputum induction as a diagnostic tool for infection has not previously been systematically addressed in young children with cystic fibrosis. We aimed to assess the pathogen yield from sputum induction compared with that from cough swab and single-lobe, two-lobe, and six-lobe bronchoalveolar lavage...
May 16, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778402/cough-swabs-less-useful-but-induced-sputum-very-useful-in-symptomatic-older-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#4
André Schultz, Daan Caudri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776433/bordetella-pertussis-in-children-hospitalized-with-a-respiratory-infection-clinical-characteristics-and-pathogen-detection-in-household-contacts
#5
Juana Del Valle-Mendoza, Wilmer Silva-Caso, Miguel Angel Aguilar-Luis, Cristina Del Valle-Vargas, Erico Cieza-Mora, Johanna Martins-Luna, Ronald Aquino-Ortega, Andrea Silva-Vásquez, Jorge Bazán-Mayra, Pablo Weilg
OBJECTIVE: Describe the prevalence of Bordetella pertussis via PCR in children under 5 years old hospitalized as probable cases of pertussis and report the most common clinical features among them. RESULTS: A positive PCR result for B. pertussis was observed in 20.5% of our samples (18/88), one-third of them were from infants between 2 and 3 months old. The most common symptoms were paroxysms of coughing (88.9%), difficulty breathing (72.2%), cyanosis (77.8%) and fever (50%)...
May 18, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773665/hypersensitivity-pneumonitis-and-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-from-e-cigarette-use
#6
Casey G Sommerfeld, Daniel J Weiner, Andrew Nowalk, Allyson Larkin
Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, or "vaping," is gaining widespread popularity as an alternative to conventional cigarettes among adolescents. Little is known of the health risks of e-cigarette use, especially in children and adolescents. We present a Case Report of a previously healthy 18-year-old woman who presented with dyspnea, cough, and pleuritic chest pain after e-cigarette use. She developed respiratory failure with hypoxia and was intubated, and ultimately met diagnostic criteria for acute respiratory distress syndrome...
May 17, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771885/-selection-of-optimal-method-of-general-anesthesia-for-intubation-of-nasolacrimal-duct-in-young-children
#7
E A Bachinin, S I Utkin, E L Sorokin, D Iu Ignatenko, M V Stoliarov, R N Khalfin
PURPOSE: comparative assessment of safety and clinical efficacy of Sevoflurane and Halothane in general anesthesia for nasolacrimal duct intubation in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical results of nasolacrimal duct intubation in 288 children with persistent obstruction of tear duct were analyzed. A newly developed method of general anesthesia in the supine position was used for all cases. General anesthetic Phthorothanum was used in 146 children; general anesthesia with Sevoflurane - in 142 children...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769485/changes-of-peak-expiratory-flow-rate-in-adult-asthmatic-patient
#8
S Nasreen, A Nessa, F Islam, A Khanam, R Sultana, R Rahman, M Hossain
Asthma is a common pulmonary disorder characterizerized by airway inflammation, airway- hyper reactivity, and reversible airflow obstruction. The classic triad of symptoms is wheezing, chronic episodic dyspnea and chronic cough. The prevalence of asthma increased steadily over the latter part of the last century, first in the developed and then in the developing world. The number of people with asthma in the world may be as high as 334 million. Asthma in Bangladesh appears to be a substantial public health problem: an estimated 11...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768461/pet-keeping-in-childhood-and-asthma-and-allergy-among-children-in-tianjin-area-china
#9
Shugang Luo, Yuexia Sun, Jing Hou, Xiangrui Kong, Pan Wang, Qingnan Zhang, Jan Sundell
This study aims to find out the relationship between pet keeping in childhood and asthma and allergy among children aged 0-8 years old in Tianjin, China. Parental or guardians reports of 7360 children were analyzed. 1490 (21.6%) families kept pets at the time of the survey (current), among them 4.0% cats, and 14.7% dogs. For the first year of life of children (early), 1196 (18.4%) families kept pets, and among them 3.2% cats, and 13.7% dogs. Exposure to a pet in early childhood significantly increased the risk of current wheeze, current dry cough, and diagnosed rhinitis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763253/croup-diagnosis-and-management
#10
Dustin K Smith, Andrew J McDermott, John F Sullivan
Croup is a common respiratory illness affecting 3% of children six months to three years of age. It accounts for 7% of hospitalizations annually for fever and/or acute respiratory illness in children younger than five years. Croup is a manifestation of upper airway obstruction resulting from swelling of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi, leading to inspiratory stridor and a barking cough. Many patients experience low-grade fevers, but fever is not necessary for diagnosis. Less commonly, stridor can be associated with acute epiglottitis, bacterial tracheitis, and foreign body airway obstruction...
May 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756989/under-diagnosis-and-over-diagnosis-of-asthma
#11
Shawn D Aaron, Louis Philippe Boulet, Helen K Reddel, Andrea Gershon
Asthma is diagnosed based on patients' respiratory symptoms of wheeze, cough, chest tightness and/or dyspnea together with physiologic evidence of variable and reversible expiratory airflow limitation. In the United States 7.6% of adults and 8.4% of children self-report a physician diagnosis of current asthma. Population-based studies in children, adults and the elderly suggest that from 20% to 70% of asthmatics in the community remain undiagnosed and hence untreated. Under-diagnosis of asthma has been found to be associated with under-reporting of respiratory symptoms by patients to their physicians as well as poor socio-economic status...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756719/-pulmonary-hypertension-associated-with-the-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-children-treatment-with-sildenafil-a-case-report
#12
Carolina Stepffer, Evelyn Gaynor, Mariela López, Norma E González, Micaela Arri, Ana Ms De Dios
Pulmonary hypertension associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection is an extremely rare disease in pediatrics; it requires a high clinical suspicion to reach a diagnosis. Its appearance poses an unfavorable prognostic, but early diagnosis and specific treatment can improve outcomes. We report the clinical case of a fifteen-year-old patient diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus infection of vertical transmission, without antiretroviral treatment, with cough and progressive exertional dyspnea, associated with signs of right heart failure in which severe pulmonary hypertension was diagnosed...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751747/a-fatal-case-associated-with-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-in-a-young-child
#13
Lili Xu, Hengmiao Gao, Jiansheng Zeng, Jun Liu, Cong Lu, Xiaolei Guan, Suyun Qian, Zhengde Xie
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common viral cause of pediatric bronchiolitis and pneumonia worldwide. Risk factors for high mortality and prolonged morbidity after RSV infection include premature birth, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, congenital heart disease, and Down syndrome. However, some previously healthy, full-term children who are infected with RSV also require hospitalization and even experience severe sequelae or death. CASE PRESENTATION: In this report, we present the case of an RSV-associated death of a child who was born at full-term and developed normally up to the age of 2 years old...
May 11, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750825/cyclamen-europaeum-extract-for-acute-sinusitis
#14
REVIEW
Anca Zalmanovici Trestioreanu, Ankur Barua, Barak Pertzov
BACKGROUND: Acute sinusitis is a common reason for primary care encounters. It causes significant symptoms including facial pain, congested nose, headache, thick nasal mucus, fever, and cough and often results in time off work or school. Sinusitis treatment focuses on eliminating causative factors and controlling the inflammatory and infectious components. The frozen, dried, natural fluid extract of the Cyclamen europaeum plant delivered intranasally is thought to have beneficial effects in relieving congestion by facilitating nasal drainage, and has an anti-inflammatory effect...
May 11, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748750/clinical-and-laboratory-features-of-children-with-community-acquired-pneumonia-are-associated-with-distinct-radiographic-presentations
#15
Oana G Falup-Pecurariu, Javier Diez-Domingo, Susanna Esposito, Adam Finn, Fernanda Rodrigues, Vana Spoulou, George A Syrogiannopoulos, Vytautas Usonis, David Greenberg
Chest radiographs from children with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) were categorized into three distinct presentations and each presentation was correlated to clinical and laboratory findings. Children < 59 months with CAP presenting to pediatric emergency rooms during two years were enrolled prospectively in eight centers across Europe. Clinical and laboratory data were documented and radiographs obtained from patients. Of the 1107 enrolled patients, radiographs were characterized as 74.9% alveolar CAP, 8...
May 11, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746377/risk-factors-for-severe-community-acquired-pneumonia-among-children-hospitalized-with-cap-younger-than-5-years-of-age
#16
Wei Shan, Ting Shi, Kaile Chen, Jian Xue, Yin Wang, Jia Yu, Genming Zhao, Jianmei Tian, Tao Zhang
BACKGROUND: CAP causes great morbidity and mortality as well as enormous economic burden worldwide. This study intended to describe the clinical characteristics of CAP and explore the risk factors of severe CAP among children in downtown Suzhou, China. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of childhood hospitalizations in Soochow University Affiliated Children's Hospital (SCH) from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2014. Children who were residents of downtown Suzhou, 29 days to <5 years of age, with discharge diagnosis codes (ICD-10) J09 to J18 and J20 to J22 were included...
May 9, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744035/human-metapneumovirus-what-we-know-now
#17
REVIEW
Nazly Shafagati, John Williams
Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is a leading cause of acute respiratory infection, particularly in children, immunocompromised patients, and the elderly. HMPV, which is closely related to avian metapneumovirus subtype C, has circulated for at least 65 years, and nearly every child will be infected with HMPV by the age of 5. However, immunity is incomplete, and re-infections occur throughout adult life. Symptoms are similar to those of other respiratory viral infections, ranging from mild (cough, rhinorrhea, and fever) to more severe (bronchiolitis and pneumonia)...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743893/children-under-five-from-houses-of-unclean-fuel-sources-and-poorly-ventilated-houses-have-higher-odds-of-suffering-from-acute-respiratory-infection-in-wolaita-sodo-southern-ethiopia-a-case-control-study
#18
Amha Admasie, Abera Kumie, Alemayehu Worku
Background: Acute respiratory tract infection is the most common illness in childhood. Ninety-five percent (99% of rural and 80% of urban) of households in Ethiopia primarily use solid fuel for cooking. This study investigated the effect of household fuel use and house ventilation on acute respiratory infection in children, Wolaita-Sodo, Southern Ethiopia. Methods: A community based case-control study design was used, covering a sample of 1144 children with ratio of 1 : 3 (286 cases and 858 controls) aged between 0 and 59 months...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742052/clinical-and-drug-resistance-characteristics-of-new-pediatric-tuberculosis-cases-in-northern-china
#19
Ting Wang, Fang Dong, Qin-Jing Li, Qing-Qin Yin, Wen-Qi Song, Igor Mokrousov, Wei-Wei Jiao, A-Dong Shen
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical features and characteristics of drug resistance in newly diagnosed pediatric tuberculosis (TB) patients in northern China. METHODS: Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates were collected from September 2010 to October 2016 at the Beijing Children's Hospital. Patients were divided into two groups (resistant to at least one drug and pan-susceptible) according to drug susceptibility testing (DST) results. RESULTS: A total of 132 new cases, mainly from northern China (87...
May 9, 2018: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739474/social-contact-patterns-of-infants-in-deciding-vaccination-strategy-a-prospective-cross-sectional-single-centre-study
#20
M M Oguz, A D Camurdan, F N Aksakal, M Akcaboy, E Altinel Acoglu
Social contact between individuals is believed to be a fundamental cause in the transmission of many respiratory tract infections. Because they have not yet been fully vaccinated, infants are at high risk for contracting whooping cough, influenza and their serious complications. Therefore, determining infant social contact patterns is an important step in protecting them from respiratory tract infection. This study included 1200 healthy infants (<12 months of age). Social contact diaries were used to estimate the frequency and nature of the infants' social contacts...
May 9, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
keyword
keyword
20474
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"