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Cough in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141314/-a-novel-compound-heterozygous-mutation-in-abca3-gene-in-a-child-with-diffuse-parenchymal-lung-disease
#1
Y M Bao, X L Liu, X L Liu, J H Chen, Y J Zheng
Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics of the diffuse parenchymal lung diseases in a child caused by a novel compound heterozygous ABCA3 mutation and explore the association between the phenotype and ABCA3 mutation. Method: The clinical material of a patient diagnosed with diffuse parenchymal lung disease with ABCA3 mutation in December 2016 in Shenzhen Children's Hospital was analyzed. The information about ABCA3 gene mutation updated before April, 2017 was searched and collected from the gene databases (including 1000Genomes, HGMD, EXAC) and the literatures (including Wanfang Chinese database and Pubmed)...
November 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138740/pediatric-pulmonary-hemorrhage-vs-extrapulmonary-bleeding-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-hemoptysis
#2
Michael Vaiman, Baruch Klin, Noa Rosenfeld, Ibrahim Abu-Kishk
Introduction: Hemoptysis is an important symptom which causes a major concern, and warrants immediate diagnostic attention. The authors compared a group of patients with pediatric pulmonary hemorrhage with pediatric patients diagnosed with extrapulmonary bleeding focusing on differences in etiology, outcome and differential diagnosis of hemoptysis. Methods: We performed the retrospective analysis of medical charts of 134 pediatric patients admitted to the Emergency Department because of pulmonary and extrapulmonary hemorrhage and were diagnosed with suspected hemoptysis or developed hemoptysis (ICD10-CM code R04...
2017: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132465/-application-of-flexible-bronchoscopy-in-children-with-respiratory-diseases
#3
Li-Ping Wang, Shou-Ping Chen, Yu-Ying Huang, Fang-Fang Qin, Wen Ou, Hong-Dong Liu, Xiao-Fang Deng, Lei Lou, Jing Tao, Yu-Xia Cui
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the significance of flexible bronchoscopy in children with respiratory diseases. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 80 children who were hospitalized due to respiratory diseases (including severe pneumonia, Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia with atelectasis/lung consolidation/local emphysema, protracted pneumonia, coughing and wheezing of unknown cause, chronic cough of unknown cause, and laryngeal stridor) and who underwent flexible bronchoscopy/alveolar lavage...
November 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128750/reduction-of-interferences-in-the-analysis-of-children-s-dimetapp-using-ultraviolet-spectroscopy-data-and-target-factor-analysis
#4
Huggins Z Msimanga, Truong Thach Ho Lam, Nathaniel Latinwo, Mihyang Kristy Song, Newsha Tavakoli
A calibration matrix has been developed and successfully applied to quantify actives in Children's Dimetapp®, a cough mixture whose active components suffer from heavy spectral interference. High-performance liquid chromatography/photodiode array instrument was used to identify the actives and any other UV-detectable excipients that might contribute to interferences. The instrument was also used to obtain reference data on the actives, instead of relying on the manufacturer's claims. Principal component analysis was used during the developmental stages of the calibration matrix to highlight any mismatch between the calibration and sample spectra, making certain that "apples" were not compared with "oranges"...
November 3, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127129/heart-failure-in-dilated-cardiomyopathy-mimicking-asthma-triggered-by-pneumonia
#5
Kenichi Tetsuhara, Satoshi Tsuji, Katsutoshi Nakano, Mitsuru Kubota
Heart failure is a rare cause of wheezing and may develop into a critical condition in children. Few cases report patients with heart failure, secondary to dilated cardiomyopathy, with high fever. A 23-month-old girl visited the emergency department with high fever, cough, first wheezing episode, chest retraction and tachycardia. The chest X-ray revealed consolidation on the left lower lung field; the cardiothoracic ratio was 60%. She was diagnosed with bronchial asthma triggered by pneumonia, which remained unchanged during four visits...
November 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120939/clinical-signs-and-electroencephalographic-patterns-of-emergence-from-sevoflurane-anaesthesia-in-children-an-observational-study
#6
Laura Cornelissen, Carolina Donado, Johanna M Lee, Norah E Liang, Ian Mills, Andrea Tou, Aykut Bilge, Charles B Berde
BACKGROUND: Few studies have systematically described relationships between clinical-behavioural signs, electroencephalographic (EEG) patterns and age during emergence from anaesthesia in young children. OBJECTIVE: To identify the relationships between end-tidal sevoflurane (ETsevoflurane) concentration, age and frontal EEG spectral properties in predicting recovery of clinical-behavioural signs during emergence from sevoflurane in children 0 to 3 years of age, with and without exposure to nitrous oxide...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115985/use-of-tuberculin-skin-test-for-assessment-of-immune-recovery-among-previously-malnourished-children-in-ethiopia
#7
Paluku Bahwere, Philip James, Alemseged Abdissa, Yesufe Getu, Yilak Getnet, Kate Sadler, Tsinuel Girma
OBJECTIVE: To compare levels of immunity in children recovering from severe acute malnutrition (cases) against those of community controls (controls). RESULTS: At baseline children recovering from severe acute malnutrition had lower, mid upper arm circumference (122 mm for cases and 135 mm for controls; p < 0.001), weight-for-height Z-score (- 1.0 for cases and - 0.5 for controls; p < 0.001), weight-for-age Z-score (- 2.8 for cases and - 1.1 for controls; p < 0...
November 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114140/analysis-of-hospital-records-of-children-with-hydatid-cyst-in-south-of-iran
#8
Anahita Sanaei Dashti, Mohammad Rahim Kadivar, Abdolvahab Alborzi, Esmaeel Sadeghi, Gholam Reza Pouladfar, Neda Bagherian, Naser Honar, Masoomeh Khalifeh
The clinical manifestations of hydatidosis are various and related to anatomic location. Defining frequent symptoms and signs of the disease is imperative for early management of it. The aim of this report was to analyse the clinical features of infected children with hydatid cysts located in different organs. In this study, medical charts of 57 children between 3 and 16 years of age with hydatid cyst admitted to Pediatric Wards of Nemazee Hospital were evaluated over a 12 year period (from 2003 to 2014, prospectively)...
December 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102883/acute-respiratory-symptoms-associated-with-short-term-fluctuations-in-ambient-pollutants-among-schoolchildren-in-durban-south-africa
#9
Graciela Mentz, Thomas G Robins, Stuart Batterman, Rajen N Naidoo
Ambient air pollution has been associated with adverse respiratory outcomes, especially among children with asthma. This study reports on associations between daily ambient air pollutant concentrations and the respiratory symptoms of schoolchildren living in Durban, South Africa. This city is Africa's busiest port and a key hub for imported crude oil and exported refined petroleum and petrochemical products, and it experiences a mixture of air pollutants that reflects emissions from industry, traffic and biomass burning...
November 2, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100262/comparison-of-the-effect-of-cold-drink-and-dexamethasone-and-their-combined-effect-on-children-with-croup
#10
Mojgan Faraji-Goodarzi, Nadereh Taee, Mehrnoosh Mohammadi-Kamalvand
Aims Croup is a clinical syndrome which included inspiratory stridor, coughing with a dog-like sound, noise obstruction and respiratory distress symptoms. This present study was conducted to compare the effects of cold drink and dexamethasone, and the effects of their co-administration on children's croup. Materials and Methods In this study, all patients with croup admitted to the emergency ward of Madani Hospital Khorramabad were divided through the simple randomized method into 3 groups after informed consents were taken from their parents...
November 3, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094873/chronic-cough-evaluation-and-management
#11
Charlie Michaudet, John Malaty
Although chronic cough in adults (cough lasting longer than eight weeks) can be caused by many etiologies, four conditions account for most cases: upper airway cough syndrome, gastroesophageal reflux disease/laryngopharyngeal reflux disease, asthma, and nonasthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis. Patients should be evaluated clinically (with spirometry, if indicated), and empiric treatment should be initiated. Other potential causes include angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor use, environmental triggers, tobacco use, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and obstructive sleep apnea...
November 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094317/pertussis-and-parapertussis-in-children-and-adults-with-a-persistent-cough-an-observational-study
#12
Piia Jõgi, Marje Oona, Tanel Kaart, Karolin Toompere, Tereza Maskina, Iris Koort, Anneli Rätsep, Irja Lutsar
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the prevalence, symptoms and course of pertussis and parapertussis among patients at any age with a cough of unknown aetiology that had lasted for ≥ 7 days and to assess the diagnostic value of the symptoms included in the World Health Organisations' (WHO) clinical case definition of pertussis. METHODS: Patients were enrolled between the 23 April 2012 and 31 December 2014 at 25 general practitioner (GP) centres and three paediatric hospitals...
November 1, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089191/a-multi-site-feasibility-study-to-assess-fever-and-wheezing-in-children-after-influenza-vaccines-using-text-messaging
#13
Melissa S Stockwell, Colin D Marchant, A Patrica Wodi, Elizabeth D Barnett, Karen R Broder, Kathleen Jakob, Paige Lewis, Meyer Kattan, Anne Marie Rezendes, Angela Barrett, Devindra Sharma, Nadira Fernandez, Philip LaRussa
BACKGROUND: Using text messaging for vaccine safety monitoring, particularly for non-medically attended events, would be valuable for pandemic influenza and emergency vaccination program preparedness. We assessed the feasibility and acceptability of text messaging to evaluate fever and wheezing post-influenza vaccination in a prospective, observational, multi-site pediatric study. METHODS: Children aged 2-11 years old, with an emphasis on children with asthma, were recruited during the 2014-2015 influenza season from three community-based clinics in New York City, and during the 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 seasons from a private practice in Fall River, Massachusetts...
October 28, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083019/pulmonary-function-tests-leading-to-the-diagnosis-of-vascular-malformations-in-school-aged-children
#14
Beata Kusak, Ewa Cichocka-Jarosz, Urszula Jedynak-Wąsowicz, Grzegorz Lis
Vascular rings are congenital defects of great vessels. They cause compression of the trachea or/and the esophagus and therefore result in symptoms like inspiratory stridor, cough, wheezing, recurrent respiratory tract infections or dysphagia. In some cases, the correct diagnosis can be delayed for many years, especially when vascular rings produce less severe symptoms or symptoms mimicking other diseases (most of all asthma). In this article, we would like to emphasis the usefulness of pulmonary function test (spirometry) in the initial diagnosis of vascular rings in school-aged children, as well as the importance of spirometry in evaluating patients with asthma presumption...
October 30, 2017: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075300/adherence-to-integrated-management-of-childhood-illnesses-guideline-in-treating-south-sudanese-children-with-cough-or-difficulty-in-breathing
#15
Jonathan Izudi, Stanley Anyigu, David Ndungutse
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia substantially kills children aged 2-59 months in South Sudan. However, information on health workers adherence to Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI) guideline in treating children with cough/difficulty in breathing remains scarce. This study assessed factors associated with adherence to IMCI guideline in Aweil East County, South Sudan. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 232 health workers from 36 health facilities...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072964/thoracoscopic-rib-resection-in-children
#16
Dheidan Mufreh Alshammari, Isabelle Talon, Julien Rod, Anne Schneider, Frederic Lavrand, Christian Piolat, Thomas Gelas, Frederic Hameury, Marina Sica, Philippe Gicquel, Valerie Flaum, François Becmeur
OBJECTIVE: The authors present a multicenter retrospective series of different benign rib lesions in children operated on using thoracoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2005 and 2015, 17 rib resections were performed thoracoscopically, in four French departments of pediatric surgery. Of these 17 cases, 13 exostoses, 2 endochondromas, 1 synostosis, and 1 Cyriax's syndrome were noted. Inclusion criteria were benign tumors or rib anomalies such as synostosis, in children younger than the age of 18 years, and thoracoscopy...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071614/-persistent-cough-in-children
#17
REVIEW
Daniel Seng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068748/recommendation-system-for-immunization-coverage-and-monitoring
#18
Uzair Aslam Bhatti, Mengxing Huang, Hao Wang, Yu Zhang, Anum Mehmood, Wu Di
Immunization averts an expected 2 to 3 million deaths every year from diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), and measles; however, an additional 1.5 million deaths could be avoided if vaccination coverage was improved worldwide. (1)(1) Data source for immunization records of 1.5 M: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs378/en/ New vaccination technologies provide earlier diagnoses, personalized treatments and a wide range of other benefits for both patients and health care professionals. Childhood diseases that were commonplace less than a generation ago have become rare because of vaccines...
October 25, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066586/mechanical-insufflation-exsufflation-versus-conventional-chest-physiotherapy-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#19
Rasintra Siriwat, Jitladda Deerojanawong, Suchada Sritippayawan, Sumalee Hantragool, Prapasri Cheanprapai
BACKGROUND: The cough mechanism is often impaired in children with quadriplegic spastic cerebral palsy, accounting for the high prevalence of pneumonia and atelectasis requiring prolonged hospitalization. Conventional chest physiotherapy (CPT) is a current technique recommended at the onset of lower-respiratory infections in cerebral palsy. Previous studies have demonstrated the usefulness of mechanical insufflation-exsufflation (MI-E) in children with neuromuscular disease. To date, there has been no study of MI-E in children with quadriplegic spastic cerebral palsy...
October 24, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065707/bifidobacterium-longum-bb536-alleviated-upper-respiratory-illnesses-and-modulated-gut-microbiota-profiles-in-malaysian-pre-school-children
#20
A S-Y Lau, N Yanagisawa, Y-Y Hor, L-C Lew, J-S Ong, L-O Chuah, Y-Y Lee, S-B Choi, F Rashid, N Wahid, H Sugahara, J-Z Xiao, M-T Liong
This 10-months randomised, double-blind, parallel and placebo-controlled study evaluated the effects of Bifidobacterium longum BB536 on diarrhoea and/or upper respiratory illnesses in 520 healthy Malaysian pre-school children aged 2-6 years old. The subjects randomly received a one-gram sachet containing either BB536 (5×109 cfu) or placebo daily. Data analysis was performed on 219 subjects who fully complied over 10-months (placebo n=110, BB536 n=109). While BB536 did not exert significant effects against diarrhoea in children, Poisson regression with generalised estimating equations model indicated significant intergroup difference in the mean number of times of respiratory illnesses over 10 months...
October 25, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
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