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Fast track surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806303/does-a-combination-of-laparoscopic-approach-and-full-fast-track-multimodal-management-decrease-postoperative-morbidity-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Léon Maggiori, Eric Rullier, Jérémie H Lefevre, Jean-Marc Régimbeau, Stéphane Berdah, Mehdi Karoui, Jérome Loriau, Arnaud Alvès, Eric Vicaut, Yves Panis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess whether association of laparoscopic approach and full fast track multimodal (FFT) management can reduce postoperative morbidity after colorectal cancer surgery, as compared to laparoscopic approach with limited fast-track program (LFT). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Recent advances in colorectal cancer surgery are introduction of laparoscopy and FFT implementation. METHODS: Patients eligible for elective laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery were randomized into 2 groups: FFT or LFT care (with only early oral intake and mobilization starting on Day 1)...
August 11, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801413/effectiveness-of-rehabilitation-after-a-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-protocol-for-an-observational-study-for-the-comparison-of-usual-care-in-the-netherlands-versus-germany
#2
Gesine H Seeber, Annet Wijnen, Djordje Lazovic, Sjoerd K Bulstra, Günter Dietz, Christiaan P van Lingen, Martin Stevens
INTRODUCTION: Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disorder worldwide. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is considered one of the most effective treatments for end-stage hip osteoarthritis. The number of THAs is expected to increase dramatically in the coming decades. Usual postoperative rehabilitation after primary THA differs between the German and the Dutch system. In the Netherlands, patients undergo fast-track surgery and are discharged into their home environment within a few days without receiving any aftercare...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782113/fast-tracking-and-extubation-in-paediatric-cardiac-surgery
#3
EDITORIAL
P K Suominen, M F Haney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767478/a-case-report-on-ultrasound-guided-serratus-plane-block-and-fast-track-tracheal-extubation-in-the-operating-room-for-thoracic-trauma-patients-is-it-possible
#4
Pierfrancesco Fusco, Paolo Scimia, Stefano Di Carlo, Ambra Testa, Antonio Luciani, Emiliano Petrucci, Franco Marinangeli
Painful rib fractures may be a factor in trauma patients remaining intubated and being given postoperative mechanical ventilation after emergency surgery. Regional techniques could provide sufficient analgesia in these patients to enable weaning and extubation and thus prevent or minimize complications related to prolonged ventilatory support. We describe a trauma patient with multiple rib fractures requiring an emergency splenectomy for whom an ultrasound-guided serratus plane block provided good quality pain relief for his rib fractures and enabled fast-track extubation in the operating room...
August 1, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766304/benefits-of-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-for-open-appendectomy-in-children
#5
Ilona Batko, Barbara K Kościelniak, Ilona Al-Mutari, Krzysztof Kobylarz
BACKGROUND: One of the most frequently performed emergency surgical procedures in children is an appendectomy. The aim of this study was to determine the benefits of supplementing standard, general anaesthesia with the ultrasound-guided right TAP block. METHODS: We analyzed the medical records of 90 children of both sexes, aged 4-16 years with a body mass of 16-78 kg who underwent general anaesthesia for open appendectomy. Sixty-two individuals were anaesthetized using the standard method, while 28 patients had an additional right-sided TAP block under ultrasound guidance...
2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751437/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-for-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Shibai Zhu, Wenwei Qian, Chao Jiang, Canhua Ye, Xi Chen
OBJECTIVES: To collect data of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and clinical controlled trials (CCTs) for evaluating the effects of enhanced recovery after surgery on postoperative recovery of patients who received total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: Relevant, published studies were identified using the following key words: arthroplasty, joint replacement, enhanced recovery after surgery, fast track surgery, multi-mode analgesia, diet management, or steroid hormones...
July 27, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744857/the-effect-of-pre-operative-methylprednisolone-on-early-endothelial-damage-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#7
V Lindberg-Larsen, S R Ostrowski, M Lindberg-Larsen, M L Rovsing, P I Johansson, H Kehlet
We wished to evaluate whether inhibition of the systemic inflammatory response by a single pre-operative dose of methylprednisolone reduced markers of early endothelial damage after fast-track total knee arthroplasty. We randomly allocated 70 patients undergoing elective unilateral total knee arthroplasty (1:1) to receive either pre-operative intravenous methylprednisolone 125 mg (methylprednisolone group) or isotonic saline (control group). All procedures were performed under spinal anaesthesia without a tourniquet, using a standardised multimodal analgesic regime...
July 26, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735120/outpatient-lumbar-microdiscectomy-in-france-from-an-economic-imperative-to-a-clinical-standard-an-observational-study-of-201-cases
#8
Bertrand Debono, Pascal Sabatier, Valérie Garnault, Olivier Hamel, Philippe Bousquet, Jean-Paul Lescure, Jean-Yves Plas
PURPOSE: The outpatient lumbar discectomy procedures have been established for more than 2 decades. However, especially in Europe, there are still obstacles to the development of these procedures, which may be related to medicoeconomic imperatives, and to several factors concerning both surgeons and patients. We describe our initial experience in introducing this method in our institution. METHODS: During a 3-year period, 201 patients met the criteria for ambulatory lumbar microdiscectomy...
July 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726359/earplugs-during-the-first-night-after-cardiothoracic-surgery-may-improve-a-fast-track-protocol
#9
Johannes Menger, Bernhard Urbanek, Keso Skhirtladze-Dworschak, Viktoria Wolf, Arabella Fischer, Harald Rinösl, Martin Dworschak
BACKGROUND: Sleep deprivation after major surgery is common and associated with worse outcome. Noise is one important reason for sleep fragmentation, which contributes to enhanced morbidity. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the impact of earplugs on patients' sleep quality during their first night after cardiothoracic surgery to eventually improve an existing fast-track concept. METHODS: Sixty-three patients undergoing cardiothoracic surgery eligible for a postoperative fast- track regimen on our cardiothoracic post anaesthesia care unit (C-PACU) were prospectively included...
July 20, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711332/predictors-of-operating-room-extubation-in-adult-cardiac-surgery
#10
Kathirvel Subramaniam, Diana S DeAndrade, Daniel R Mandell, Andrew D Althouse, Rajan Manmohan, Stephen A Esper, Jeffrey M Varga, Vinay Badhwar
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of the study was to identify perioperative factors associated with successful immediate extubation in the operating room after adult cardiac surgery. The secondary objective was to derive a simplified predictive scoring system to guide clinicians in operating room extubation. METHODS: All 1518 patients in this retrospective cohort study underwent standardized fast-track cardiac anesthetic protocol during adult cardiac surgery. Perioperative variables between patients who had successful extubation in the operating room versus in the intensive care unit were retrospectively analyzed using both univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682892/in-patients-undergoing-fast-track-total-knee-arthroplasty-addition-of-buprenorphine-to-a-femoral-nerve-block-has-no-clinical-advantage-a-prospective-double-blinded-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rienk van Beek, Harry J Zonneveldt, Tjeerd van der Ploeg, Jeroen Steens, Phillip Lirk, Marcus W Hollmann
BACKGROUND: Several adjuvants have been proposed to prolong the effect of peripheral nerve blocks, one of which is buprenorphine. In this randomized double blinded placebo controlled trial we studied whether the addition of buprenorphine to a femoral nerve block prolongs analgesia in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty in a fast track surgery protocol. METHODS: The treatment group (B) was given an ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block with ropivacaine 0...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681427/delirium-after-fast-track-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-a-cohort-study-of-6331-elderly-patients
#12
P B Petersen, C C Jørgensen, H Kehlet
BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium (PD) is a well-known complication among elderly surgical patients and associated with increased morbidity, mortality and length of stay (LOS). In elective orthopedic surgery, including hip and knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA), most studies report incidences between 5% and 10%. The multimodal optimization of perioperative care (fast-track) aims to enhance recovery and reduce morbidity and LOS, but limited data are available on the effect on PD. Consequently, the study investigated signs of PD associated with LOS > 4 days...
August 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645119/the-application-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-fast-track-surgery-in-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Jie Ding, Benlong Sun, Peng Song, Song Liu, Hong Chen, Min Feng, Wenxian Guan
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to compare the safety and effectiveness of Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) with conventional care in gastrectomy for gastric cancer. METHODS: Search strategy from Pubmed, Embase, Web of science, Cochrane library and reference lists was performed. The collected studies were randomized controlled trials and published only in English, and undergoing ERAS in gastrectomy for gastric cancer from January 1994 to August 2016. RESULTS: A total of eight studies including 801 patients were included...
June 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630756/fast-track-in-hip-arthroplasty
#14
Torben Bæk Hansen
'Fast-track' surgery was introduced more than 20 years ago and may be defined as a co-ordinated peri-operative approach aimed at reducing surgical stress and facilitating post-operative recovery.The fast-track programmes have now been introduced into total hip arthroplasty (THA) surgery with reduction in post-operative length of stay, shorter convalescence and rapid functional recovery without increased morbidity and mortality. This has been achieved by focusing on a multidisciplinary collaboration and establishing 'fast-track' units, with a well-defined organisational set-up tailored to deliver an accelerated peri-operative course of fast-track surgical THA procedures...
May 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630755/advances-in-hip-arthroplasty-surgery-what-is-justified
#15
Luigi Zagra
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) surgery has shown dramatic changes in terms of increased number of procedures and of technical development in recent years. It has been described as "the operation of the 20(th) century" for the excellent results, the high satisfaction of the patients and the improvement of the quality of life.A lot of variations have been introduced over the last few decades in THA especially in terms of indications (both in younger and older patients), techniques and devices (approaches, tissue preservation, biomaterials and industrial finishing), per-operative management (blood loss and pain control) and post-operative protocols (the so called "fast track" surgery)...
May 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629228/use-of-provider-debriefing-to-improve-fast-track-extubation-rates-following-cardiac-surgery-at-an-academic-medical-center
#16
Jordan E Goldhammer, Jillian M Dashiell, Scott Davis, Marc C Torjman, Hitoshi Hirose
When used in appropriate patient populations, fast-track extubation (FTE) anesthetic techniques and intensive care unit (ICU) protocols safely reduce intubation times, ICU length of stay, and resource utilization. The authors hypothesized that perioperative provider debriefing on success or failure of FTE would improve FTE success. This retrospective observational study included consecutive patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), valve, or combined CABG/valve surgery between February 2015 and May 2016 (N = 313)...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628534/daily-physical-activity-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-patients-undergoing-different-surgical-approaches-a-cohort-study
#17
Monika Engdal, Olav A Foss, Kristin Taraldsen, Vigdis S Husby, Siri B Winther
OBJECTIVE: Muscle weakness due to trauma from the surgical approach is anticipated to affect the ability of the patient to undertake daily physical activity early after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The objective of this study was to compare daily physical activity on days 1 to 4 after discharge, in patients following THA performed by 1 of 3 surgical approaches. DESIGN: A cohort study included 60 hip osteoarthritis patients, scheduled for THA, allocated to direct lateral approach, posterior approach, or anterior approach...
July 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623479/fast-calibration-of-electromagnetically-tracked-oblique-viewing-rigid-endoscopes
#18
Xinyang Liu, Christina E Rice, Raj Shekhar
PURPOSE: The oblique-viewing (i.e., angled) rigid endoscope is a commonly used tool in conventional endoscopic surgeries. The relative rotation between its two moveable parts, the telescope and the camera head, creates a rotation offset between the actual and the projection of an object in the camera image. A calibration method tailored to compensate such offset is needed. METHODS: We developed a fast calibration method for oblique-viewing rigid endoscopes suitable for clinical use...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587844/postoperative-management-of-radical-cystectomy-review-of-the-evidence-on-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-urological-complications
#19
O Rodríguez Faba, R Parada Moreno, L Malca, A Palomino Martínez, N Nervo, A Breda, C Esquinas, J Palou
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: This review article focuses on the prevention and management of the most common postoperative urological complications of radical cystectomy. We reviewed the current literature and conducted an analysis of frequency, prevention and treatment of complications. ACQUISITION OF EVIDENCE: We conducted a search on Medline to identify original articles, literature reviews and editorials focusing on the urological complications of radical cystectomy during the first 90 days after surgery...
June 3, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584740/impact-of-preoperative-echocardiography-on-perioperative-management-in-geriatric-hip-trauma-a-retrospective-observational-study
#20
Chhavi Sawhney, Vivek Trikha, Sai Janani, Sukhminder Jit Singh Bajwa, Vijay Sharma, Menaal Khanna
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hip fractures are associated with a significant risk of morbidity and mortality in the elderly population. Current guidelines propose that these patients should be operated as early as possible. Preoperative cardiac investigations, especially echocardiography, have been considered to delay surgery with few changes in the patient management. The present study has been conducted to evaluate whether preoperative echocardiography improve or worsen the prognosis in such hip trauma surgery...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
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