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Tibial nerve stimulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773501/what-is-new-in-neuromodulation-for-overactive-bladder
#1
REVIEW
Manuela Tutolo, Enrico Ammirati, Frank Van der Aa
We reviewed the available studies on efficacy and safety of percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) and sacral nerve modulation (SNM) for overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms not responsive to conservative treatments. We limited our search to randomized trials, in English, with at least 20 adult patients, and 6 mo and 12 wk of follow-up for SNM and PTNS, respectively, published between January 1998 and December 2017. Therapeutic success ranges from 61% to 90% for SNM and from 54% to 79% for PTNS. Both techniques are effective and safe, with no life-threatening adverse effects...
May 14, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765886/reference-value-for-infrapatellar-branch-of-saphenous-nerve-conduction-study-cadaveric-and-clinical-study
#2
Keon-Tae Kim, Yong-Ki Kim, Jung Ro Yoon, Yundam Ko, Myung Eun Chung
Objective: To determine the optimal stimulation and recording site for infrapatellar branch of saphenous nerve (IPBSN) conduction studies by a cadaveric study, and to confirm that obtained location is practically applicable to healthy adults. Methods: Twelve lower limbs from six cadavers were studied. We defined the optimal stimulation site as the point IPBSN exits the sartorius muscle and the distance or ratio were measured on the X- and Y-axis based on the line connecting the medial and lateral poles of the patella...
April 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757068/physiotherapy-interventions-for-patients-with-chronic-pelvic-pain-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
Pedro Fuentes-Márquez, Irene Cabrera-Martos, Marie Carmen Valenza
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the available scientific evidence on physiotherapy interventions in the management of chronic pelvic pain (CPP). DATA SOURCES: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials was performed. An electronic search of MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Web of Science databases was performed to identify relevant randomized trials from 2010-2016. STUDY SELECTION: Manuscripts were included if at least one of the comparison groups received a physiotherapy intervention...
May 14, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732943/do-changes-in-spinal-reflex-excitability-elicited-by-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-differ-based-on-the-site-of-cerebellar-stimulation
#4
Akiyoshi Matsugi
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to investigate whether spinal reflex excitability is influenced by the site of cerebellar transcranial magnetic stimulation (C-TMS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen healthy volunteers (mean age: 24.6 ± 6.6 years [11 men]) participated. Participants lay on a bed in the prone position, with both ankle joints fixed to prevent unwanted movement. Right tibial nerve stimulation was provided to elicit the H-reflex in the right soleus muscle...
May 6, 2018: Somatosensory & Motor Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705497/presynaptic-inhibition-mechanisms-may-subserve-the-spinal-excitability-modulation-induced-by-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation
#5
Sidney Grosprêtre, Nicolas Gueugneau, Alain Martin, Romuald Lepers
This study aimed at deciphering the origins of spinal excitability modulation that follows neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES). Ten participants (age: 24.6 ± 4.2 years) performed 2 randomized NMES sessions on plantar flexors with frequencies of stimulations of 20 or 100 Hz (pulse width: 1 ms) at 20% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC). Before and after each session, the posterior tibial nerve was stimulated to record H-reflex of soleus (SOL), gastrocnemius medialis (GM) and gastrocnemius lateralis (GL)...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679247/neuromuscular-and-electromechanical-properties-of-ultra-power-athletes-the-traceurs
#6
Sidney Grosprêtre, Philippe Gimenez, Alain Martin
PURPOSE: Practising a power-type activity over years can shape the neuromuscular profile of athletes. This study aimed at comparing the neuromuscular profile of a non-trained group (NT, n = 10) to power athletes practising Parkour (= traceurs, group PK, n = 11), an activity consisting of jumping obstacles mostly in an urban landscape. METHODS: Maximal isometric plantar flexion force (MVC) and rate of torque development (RTD) were evaluated, and neuromuscular function of triceps surae muscles was assessed and compared between groups through the analysis of evoked potentials from posterior tibial nerve stimulation...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673859/orofacial-neuropathic-pain-reduces-spontaneous-burrowing-behavior-in-rats
#7
K Deseure, G Hans
It was recently reported that spontaneous burrowing behavior is decreased after tibial nerve transection, spinal nerve transection and partial sciatic nerve ligation. It was proposed that spontaneous burrowing could be used as a measure of the impact of neuropathic pain after peripheral nerve injury. It has remained unclear whether the reduction in burrowing behavior is caused directly by pain or hypersensitivity in the affected limbs, making it more difficult to perform burrowing, or by a pain induced decrease in the general wellbeing, thus reducing the motivation to burrow...
April 16, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659444/cerebellar-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-facilitates-excitability-of-spinal-reflex-but-does-not-affect-cerebellar-inhibition-and-facilitation-in-spinocerebellar-ataxia
#8
Akiyoshi Matsugi, Yutaka Kikuchi, Kenta Kaneko, Yuta Seko, Masato Odagaki
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) over the cerebellum facilitates the spinal reflex in healthy humans. The aim of this study was to investigate whether such cerebellar spinal facilitation (CSpF) appears in patients with spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) presenting with atrophy in the cerebellar gray matter and dentate nucleus. One patient with SCA type 6 and another with SCA type 31 participated in this study. TMS over the right primary motor cortex was used to induce motor-evoked potentials in the right first dorsal interosseous muscle, which were detected using electromyography...
April 13, 2018: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623108/electrical-neuromodulation-in-the-management-of-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-evidence-experience-and-future-prospects
#9
REVIEW
Alejandro Abello, Anurag K Das
Lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) is common and causes a spectrum of morbidity and decreased quality of life (QoL) for patients. LUTD can range from urinary retention to urge incontinence, and includes a variety of syndromes, with the most common and widely recognized being overactive bladder (OAB). The classic treatments of LUTD and OAB comprise different strategies including behavioral therapies, medications and minimally invasive or invasive surgical procedures. Generally, once patients have tried behavioral modifications and oral medical therapy, and have not experienced adequate relief of their symptoms, the next step is to consider minimally invasive therapies...
May 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617820/fecal-incontinence-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Phillip Gu, M Ellen Kuenzig, Gilaad G Kaplan, Mark Pimentel, Ali Rezaie
Background: Understanding of the prevalence, pathophysiology, and management of fecal incontinence (FI) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients without an ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) is suboptimal. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis on the prevalence, pathophysiology, and management of primary FI in IBD patients without IPAA. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1966 through March 2017) for studies on the prevalence, physiology, or management of FI in IBD patients without IPAA...
March 30, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614704/constitutively-reduced-sensory-capacity-promotes-better-recovery-after-spinal-cord-injury-sci-in-blind-rats-of-the-dystrophic-rcs-strain
#11
Svenja Rink, Habib Bendella, Kurdin Alsolivany, Carolin Meyer, Aliona Woehler, Ramona Jansen, Zeynep Isik, Gregor Stein, Sina Wennmachers, Makoto Nakamura, Doychin N Angelov
BACKGROUND: We compared functional, electrophysiological and morphological parameters after SCI in two groups of rats Sprague Dawley (SD) rats with normal vision and blind rats from a SD-substrain "Royal College of Surgeons" (SD/RCS) who lose their photoreceptor cells after birth due to a genetic defect in the retinal pigment epithelium. For these animals skin-, intramuscular-, and tendon receptors are major available means to resolve spatial information. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to check whether increased sensitivity in SD/RCS rats would promote an improved recovery after SCI...
March 25, 2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575432/efficacy-of-percutaneous-posterior-tibial-nerve-stimulation-for-the-management-of-fecal-incontinence-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-pilot-study
#12
Santosh Sanagapalli, Laura Neilan, Jack Yu Tung Lo, Lavanya Anandan, Jorge Liwanag, Amanda Raeburn, Eleni Athanasakos, Natalia Zarate-Lopez, Anton Emmanuel
BACKGROUND: Fecal incontinence is a debilitating and highly prevalent problem among multiple sclerosis patients. Conservative therapies often fail to provide benefit. Posterior tibial nerve stimulation is a minimally invasive neuromodulatory therapy with proven efficacy for fecal incontinence in non-neurological settings. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of posterior tibial nerve stimulation in treating multiple sclerosis-related fecal incontinence. METHODS: Consecutive multiple sclerosis patients with fecal incontinence that had failed conservative therapy received posterior tibial nerve stimulation between 2012 and 2015...
March 25, 2018: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557386/effect-of-electrical-stimulation-on-neural-regeneration-via-the-p38-rhoa-and-erk1-2-bcl-2-pathways-in-spinal-cord-injured-rats
#13
Min Cheol Joo, Chul Hwan Jang, Jong Tae Park, Seung Won Choi, Seungil Ro, Min Seob Kim, Moon Young Lee
Although electrical stimulation is therapeutically applied for neural regeneration in patients, it remains unclear how electrical stimulation exerts its effects at the molecular level on spinal cord injury (SCI). To identify the signaling pathway involved in electrical stimulation improving the function of injured spinal cord, 21 female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to three groups: control (no surgical intervention, n = 6), SCI (SCI only, n = 5), and electrical simulation (ES; SCI induction followed by ES treatment, n = 10)...
February 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508046/effects-of-two-nonpharmacological-treatments-on-the-sleep-quality-of-women-with-nocturia-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
Daniele Furtado-Albanezi, Soraia Pilon Jürgensen, Mariana Arias Avila, Grasiela Nascimento Correia, Patricia Driusso
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to check the effects of two nonpharmacological treatments on the sleep quality of women with nocturia. METHODS: A randomized controlled clinical trial in which 40 women with nocturia were randomized into two groups; one was subjected to tibial nerve stimulation (GTNS) and the other received pelvic floor muscle training associated with behavioral therapy (GPFMT). Both groups were followed for 12 weeks, with one session/week; evaluated by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), King's Heath Questionnaire (KHQ), and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)...
March 6, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503261/zika-virus-and-pregnancy-in-brazil-what-happened
#15
Alessandra Mendelski Pereira, Denise Leite Maia Monteiro, Heron Werner, Pedro Daltro, Tatiana Fazecas, Bianca Guedes, Gabriele Tonni, Alberto Borges Peixoto, Edward Araujo Júnior
The recent epidemic of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in Central and South America is one of the most serious global public health emergencies since the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. In Brazil, especially in the north, northeast, and southeast parts of the country, the ZIKV outbreak is a cause of concern for pregnant women because ZIKV intrauterine infection has been found to be associated with multiple brain malformations and microcephaly. In Brazil, the number of newborns with confirmed microcephaly per year recorded during the ZIKV outbreak, has been approximately 15 times greater than previously reported...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503256/short-term-results-of-the-efficacy-of-percutaneous-tibial-nerve-stimulation-on-urinary-symptoms-and-its-financial-cost
#16
Zehra Kurdoğlu, Danielle Carr, Jihad Harmouche, Serdar Ünlü, Gökhan S Kılıç
OBJECTIVE: Overactive bladder (OAB) affects 16.9% of women in the United States. Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) is a third-line treatment for patients who are refractory to behavioral and pharmacologic therapies. We aimed to evaluate the effects of PTNS on urinary symptoms in patients diagnosed as having refractory OAB and investigate the cost of medications and clinical visits before and after PTNS treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed 60 women with refractory OAB treated with PTNS...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470730/sacral-nerve-stimulation-versus-percutaneous-tibial-nerve-stimulation-for-faecal-incontinence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Constantinos Simillis, Nikhil Lal, Shengyang Qiu, Christos Kontovounisios, Shahnawaz Rasheed, Emile Tan, Paris P Tekkis
AIMS: Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) and sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) are both second-line treatments for faecal incontinence (FI). To compare the clinical outcomes and effectiveness of SNS versus PTNS for treating FI in adults. METHOD: A literature search of MEDLINE, Embase, Science Citation Index Expanded and Cochrane was performed in order to identify studies comparing SNS and PTNS for treating FI. A risk of bias assessment was performed using The Cochrane Collaboration's risk of bias tool...
May 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466826/therapeutic-effect-of-microcurrent-on-calf-muscle-atrophy-in-immobilized-rabbit
#18
Yong Suk Moon, Dong Rak Kwon, Yoon-Jin Lee
INTRODUCTION: Immobilization causes significant muscle loss. In this study we assessed the regenerative effect of microcurrent electrical stimulation (MES) on gastrocnemius muscle (GCM) atrophy induced by immobilization by cast (IC) in rabbits. METHODS: Fifteen rabbits were divided into 3 groups: IC (group 1); IC and free re-ambulation for 2 weeks after cast removal (CR) (group 2); and IC and MES for 2 weeks after CR (group 3). We evaluated clinical parameters (calf circumference, compound muscle action potential of tibial nerve, and thickness of GCM by ultrasound), histomorphometric data (muscle composition and cross-sectional area), and immunohistochemistry...
February 21, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451889/effects-of-patterned-peripheral-nerve-stimulation-on-soleus-spinal-motor-neuron-excitability
#19
Samuel Jimenez, Laura Mordillo-Mateos, Michele Dileone, Michela Campolo, Carmen Carrasco-Lopez, Fabricia Moitinho-Ferreira, Tomas Gallego-Izquierdo, Hartwig R Siebner, Josep Valls-Solé, Juan Aguilar, Antonio Oliviero
Spinal plasticity is thought to contribute to sensorimotor recovery of limb function in several neurological disorders and can be experimentally induced in animals and humans using different stimulation protocols. In healthy individuals, electrical continuous Theta Burst Stimulation (TBS) of the median nerve has been shown to change spinal motoneuron excitability in the cervical spinal cord as indexed by a change in mean H-reflex amplitude in the flexor carpi radialis muscle. It is unknown whether continuous TBS of a peripheral nerve can also shift motoneuron excitability in the lower limb...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439703/characterizing-the-transcutaneous-electrical-recruitment-of-lower-leg-afferents-in-healthy-adults-implications-for-non-invasive-treatment-of-overactive-bladder
#20
Eshani Sharan, Kelly Hunter, Magdy Hassouna, Paul B Yoo
BACKGROUND: As a potential new treatment for overactive bladder (OAB), we investigated the feasibility of non-invasively activating multiple nerve targets in the lower leg. METHODS: In healthy participants, surface electrical stimulation (frequency = 20 Hz, pulse width = 200 μs) was used to target the tibial nerve, saphenous nerve, medial plantar nerve, and lateral plantar nerve. At each location, the stimulation amplitude was increased to define the thresholds for evoking (1) cutaneous sensation, (2) target nerve recruitment and (3) maximum tolerance...
February 13, 2018: BMC Urology
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