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Psychiatric news

C L Mulder, J van Weeghel, A Wierdsma, J Zoeteman, A Schene
'Bewildered persons' have often been in the news over the last few years. There has been much discussion about the meaning of the term 'bewildered persons', the number of people involved, the way the problem should be tackled and the role of the mental health services.<br/> AIM: To look critically at the term 'bewildered persons' and to discuss the suspected increase in numbers and the role of mental health services.<br/> METHOD: Review and discussion of the relevant literature relating to 'bewildered persons' which has been published in the last 25 years...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
S Akeya Harrold, Julian Libet, Charlene Pope, Joy A Lauerer, Emily Johnson, Barbara J Edlund
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Individuals with severe mental illness (SMI), experience increased mortality-20 years greater disparity for men and 15 years greater disparity for women-compared to the general population (Thornicroft G. Physical health disparities and mental illness: The scandal of premature mortality. Br J Psychiatr. 2011;199:441-442). Numerous factors contribute to premature mortality in persons with SMI, including suicide and accidental death (Richardson RC, Faulkner G, McDevitt J, Skrinar GS, Hutchinson D, Piette JD...
August 1, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Alexandre Berney, Pascale Pécoud, Céline Bourquin, Friedrich Stiefel
In addition to providing psychiatric care to patients with somatic diseases, liaison psychiatry plays an important role in the teaching of the relational aspects of the clinical encounter between patients and clinicians. This series of three articles proposes a critical reflection on this topic, and presents examples of undergraduate and postgraduate teaching programs developed by the psychiatric liaison service at Lausanne University Hospital. This article describes the general context of undergraduate teaching, and focuses on our training with simulated patient of a breaking bad news situation, taking place during the fourth year of medical studies...
February 8, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
Francisco Bevilacqua Guarniero, Ruth Helena Bellinghini, Wagner Farid Gattaz
Schizophrenia is the most common illness used today as a metaphor in the media and routinely appears associated with crime and violence with no medical or scientific rigor, reinforcing the stigma against this disorder. Evaluation of the presence of structural stigma in the Brazilian media by means of a survey of printed news and the Internet using the term schizophrenia and its correlates under three aspects: (a) medical and scientific uses, (b) assigning a diagnosis of schizophrenia to crime suspects with little or no medical or scientific rigor, and (c) the metaphorical use...
June 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
Daniel Robert Bateman, Erin Brady, David Wilkerson, Eun-Hye Yi, Yamini Karanam, Christopher M Callahan
BACKGROUND: In the United States, over 15 million informal caregivers provide unpaid care to people with Alzheimer disease (AD). Compared with others in their age group, AD caregivers have higher rates of stress, and medical and psychiatric illnesses. Psychosocial interventions improve the health of caregivers. However, constraints of time, distance, and availability inhibit the use of these services. Newer online technologies, such as social media, online groups, friendsourcing, and crowdsourcing, present alternative methods of delivering support...
April 10, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
Devavrat Harshe, Sagar Karia, Sneha Harshe, Nilesh Shah, Gurudas Harshe, Avinash De Sousa
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a grave mental health problem in India, and suicide rates in India have risen over the past decades. Suicide reporting by the media is a common cause for spurts of suicides that may occur from time to time. The aim of the present study was to assess the change in trends in media reporting of suicide after a celebrity suicide. METHODOLOGY: Suicide by the renowned actor Robin Williams was selected as the reference case. The top three Indian daily newspapers published in English having the highest circulation as per the Registrar of Newspapers, Government of India report were selected to be scanned in the study...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
David Webner, Grant L Iverson
OBJECTIVE: To examine publicly-available information on all identified cases of suicide in active or former American professional football players between 1920 and the spring of 2015. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Professional American Football in the US. PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 26 702 athletes who had died, retired or were currently playing in the NFL from since 1920 was identified. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Internet queries identifying 26 professional football players who completed suicide...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
Leonard Berlin, Jacob Sosna, Dan Halevy
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to present an example of a non-U.S. lawsuit in which a radiologist was found negligent in the case of a psychiatric patient who died by suicide after reading a radiology report sent directly to him. CONCLUSION: Although the lawsuit and its outcome do not influence laws in the United States or any country other than the one in which the case was tried, it should stimulate the radiologic community into giving serious thought to the format and manner in which reports of radiologic examinations are communicated to patients...
February 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
M S Bhatia, Priyanka Gautam
Earthquakes are relatively common natural disasters in many parts of the world, but research about the mental health effects of earthquakes remains limited. Individuals experiencing an earthquake often suffer significant loss and are at increased risk for developing mental disorders. However, the prevalence of mental disorders following less dramatic or non-destructive earthquake phenomena is unknown. We report the case of a 10-year-old girl who came to a psychiatric outpatient department with a 2-week history of severe, disabling anxiety symptoms precipitated by non-destructive tremors from a distant earthquake that received extensive coverage in the local press...
February 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
M Villani, V Kovess-Masféty
INTRODUCTION: The progressive shifts in the legal and social contexts, along with major changes in information seeking habits with the development of the Internet, have placed patients' information at the core of medical practice. This has to be applied to the psychiatric fields as well, and to questions about how schizophrenic patients are being told their diagnosis nowadays in France. METHODS: This paper is a national and international literature review about schizophrenia diagnosis disclosure practices, from 1972 to 2014, using French and English languages and various psychology and medical databases...
April 2017: L'Encéphale
Johanne Collin, David Hughes
In The Mind of Modernism, Mark Micale demonstrates the ubiquity of the concept of hysteria in the French imagination at the turn of the century. Taking this approach as our starting point, our study attempts to determine if the notion of degeneration played a similar role in the interactions of psychiatry, culture and politics in Quebec. Our analysis of a variety of historical sources demonstrates that the concept of degeneration did indeed penetrate aspects of psychiatric nosology, medical literature, news media, fiction, and political discourse in Quebec...
2016: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
Henrika Jormfeldt, Malin Hallén
BACKGROUND: The mental health-care system in Sweden, as in many other counties, has its main focus on the reduction of psychiatric symptoms and the prevention of relapses. People diagnosed with schizophrenia often have significant health issues and experience reduced well-being in everyday life. The social imaginary of mental illness as an imbalance of the brain has implications concerning general attitudes in society. The news media are an important source of information on psychiatric disorders and have an important role in cultivating public perceptions and stigma...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
Vijaya Raman
Primary care pediatricians are often faced with children and families who need more than just a consultation. Pediatricians are also the first point of contact for many children and families in distress. Hence, the decision of whether to reassure and follow them up or refer them for an evaluation and management to a mental health professional is something all pediatricians find difficult to make. In order to serve their clients well, it is necessary that pediatricians are trained to identify and manage common child psychological/psychiatric problems...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Anna Poleszczyk
The aim of this paper was to present the current use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in psychiatric disorders with the mode of its application and results of most prominent studies. The most robust data concerns its use in major depressive disorder, while in other psychiatric disorders results are preliminary. TMS with the development of new techniques and new treatment protocols has a potential to become a very useful treatment tool in pharmacoresistant patients or patients intolerant of pharmacotherapy...
2015: Psychiatria Polska
Lydia Krexi, Roxani Georgiou, Dimitra Krexi, Mary N Sheppard
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report on sudden cardiac death (SCD) during or immediately after a stressful event in a predominately young cohort. METHODS: This study used retrospective non-case-controlled analysis. A total of 110 cases of SCD in relation to a stressful event such as altercation (45%), physical restraint (31%) in police custody (10%), exams/school/job stress (7.27%), receiving bad news (4%), or a car accident without injuries (2.73%) were retrospectively investigated...
April 2016: Medicine, Science, and the Law
K H Joe, J S Seo
OBJECTIVES: According to the criminal data related to illegal drug abuse in Korea, the most popular drugs were psychotropics. However, the majority of the illegal drug was psychostimulant including methamphetamine, MDMA not the prescription medication. Nevertheless, we cannot overlook the problem of prescription drug abuse owing to the serious hidden problems. METHODS: The result of survey with the non-psychiatric doctors in Korea about the prescription patterns of benzodiazepine will be presented...
September 2014: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
Victoria Thorp, Sujin Kang, Linda Dykes
OBJECTIVES & BACKGROUND: Previous investigators have demonstrated increased mortality with longer distance from hospital in respiratory patients but it is unclear if these findings are applicable to all patients/conditions. However, it is widely assumed that patients may deteriorate during long journeys, which contributes to fear of service reconfiguration by public and professionals alike. We wished to ascertain whether clinical deterioration occurs during long ambulance journeys (up to 70 miles) to hospital from our rural catchment area...
September 2014: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Sae Ochi, Atsuhiro Nakagawa, James Lewis, Susan Hodgson, Virginia Murray
INTRODUCTION: In catastrophic events, a key to reducing health risks is to maintain functioning of local health facilities. However, little research has been conducted on what types and levels of care are the most likely to be affected by catastrophic events. Problem The Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster (GEJED) was one of a few "mega disasters" that have occurred in an industrialized society. This research aimed to develop an analytical framework for the holistic understanding of hospital damage due to the disaster...
June 2014: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Enric Aragonès, Judit López-Muntaner, Santiago Ceruelo, Josep Basora
Because the media influences society's perceptions of reality, the treatment of mental illness in the news can have an effect on the societal stigma related to it. This study aimed to analyze the content and form of news items related to mental illness in Spanish newspapers in order to understand their role in propagating or attenuating stereotypes, prejudices, and stigma. The authors conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study on the basis of a review of news items related to mental illness appearing in the Spanish print media...
2014: Journal of Health Communication
Mariana Angoa-Pérez, Michael J Kane, Denise I Briggs, Nieves Herrera-Mundo, David C Viano, Donald M Kuhn
Sports-related head impact and injury has become a very highly contentious public health and medico-legal issue. Near-daily news accounts describe the travails of concussed athletes as they struggle with depression, sleep disorders, mood swings, and cognitive problems. Some of these individuals have developed chronic traumatic encephalopathy, a progressive and debilitating neurodegenerative disorder. Animal models have always been an integral part of the study of traumatic brain injury in humans but, historically, they have concentrated on acute, severe brain injuries...
June 2014: Journal of Neurochemistry
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