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Teaching professionalism in emergency medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802638/spiritual-perspectives-of-emergency-medicine-doctors-and-nurses-in-caring-for-end-of-life-patients-a-mixed-method-study
#1
Yingting Zhang, Rakhee Yash Pal, Wai San Wilson Tam, Alice Lee, Mabel Ong, Lay Hwa Tiew
BACKGROUND: End-of-life care is becoming more prevalent in the Emergency Department. Quality end-of-life care includes spiritual support. As spirituality is a relatively vague concept, understanding healthcare professionals' spiritual perspectives is important. AIMS: To explore the perspectives of Emergency Department doctors and nurses in (i) spirituality, (ii) spiritual care domain in end-of-life care and (iii) factors influencing spiritual care provision in the Emergency Department...
August 9, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724149/using-reflections-to-evaluate-the-stfm-behavioral-science-family-systems-educator-fellowship
#2
Deborah A Taylor, Victoria Gorski, Sandra K Burge
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A group of family medicine educators identified a need and developed a 1-year fellowship for early career behavioral science educators. This occurred in response to a reduction in previous opportunities and resources. The program was designed to shape and mentor new behavioral science faculty teaching in family medicine departments and programs. Quantitative data analysis from pre- and post-fellowship survey data from years 1-4 confirmed fellowship objectives were met...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688814/proceedings-beyond-ultrasound-first-forum-on-improving-the-quality-of-ultrasound-imaging-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#3
Beryl R Benacerraf, Katherine K Minton, Carol B Benson, Bryann S Bromley, Brian D Coley, Peter M Doubilet, Wesley Lee, Samuel H Maslak, John S Pellerito, James J Perez, Eric Savitsky, Norman A Scarborough, Joseph Wax, Alfred Z Abuhamad
The Beyond Ultrasound First Forum was conceived to increase awareness that the quality of obstetric and gynecologic ultrasound can be improved, and is inconsistent throughout the country, likely due to multiple factors, including the lack of a standardized curriculum and competency assessment in ultrasound teaching. The forum brought together representatives from many professional associations; the imaging community including radiology, obstetrics and gynecology, and emergency medicine among others; in addition to government agencies, insurers, industry, and others with common interest in obstetric and gynecologic ultrasound...
July 6, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640033/how-attending-physician-preceptors-negotiate-their-complex-work-environment-a-collective-ethnography
#4
Jane B Lemaire, Jean E Wallace, Peter M Sargious, Maria Bacchus, Kelly Zarnke, David R Ward, William A Ghali
PURPOSE: To generate an empiric, detailed, and updated view of the attending physician preceptor role and its interface with the complex work environment. METHOD: In 2013, the authors conducted a modified collective ethnography with observations of internal medicine medical teaching unit preceptors from two university hospitals in Canada. Eleven observers conducted 32 observations (99.5 hours) of 26 preceptors (30 observations [93.5 hours] of 24 preceptors were included in the analysis)...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611974/internal-medicine-residency-program-in-guyana-a-collaborative-model-for-sustainable-graduate-medical-education-in-resource-limited-settings
#5
Dev Persaud, Joanna Cole, Ramdeo Jainarine, Zahira Khalid
The Georgetown Public Hospital Corporation (GPHC) started the Internal Medicine/Infectious Diseases residency program in 2013. It was a collaborative initiative between GPHC and University of Maryland. Since that time the program has gone through many trials and developed new partnerships and collaboration and emerged as a young successful program with close international links that have worked and persevered in developing the successful academic and professional careers of its residents. International collaborations have resulted in applying innovative methods of teaching to deliver the curriculum in a sustainable manner in a resource-limited setting...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584870/the-inventory-as-a-core-element-in-the-further-development-of-the-science-curriculum-in-the-mannheim-reformed-curriculum-of-medicine
#6
Julia Eckel, Katrin Schüttpelz-Brauns, Thomas Miethke, Alexandra Rolletschek, Harald M Fritz
Introduction: The German Council of Science and Humanities as well as a number of medical professional associations support the strengthening of scientific competences by developing longitudinal curricula for teaching scientific competences in the undergraduate medical education. The National Competence Based Catalogue of Learning Objectives for Undergraduate Medical Education (NKLM) has also defined medical scientific skills as learning objectives in addition to the role of the scholar. The development of the Mannheim science curriculum started with a systematic inventory of the teaching of scientific competences in the Mannheim Reformed Curriculum of Medicine (MaReCuM)...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497991/medical-students-professional-development-as-educators-revealed-through-reflections-on-their-teaching-following-a-students-as-teachers-course
#7
Michelle H Yoon, Benjamin C Blatt, Larrie W Greenberg
Phenomenon: Teaching is an important part of the tri-partite mission of every medical center. Although teaching often is given lower priority and recognition as opposed to patient care and/or research, this activity for many physicians in academic medicine ranks second to their patient care responsibilities. Medical teacher training has traditionally been aimed at faculty and residents through faculty development initiatives, continuing education for physicians at professional conferences, formalized degree or certificate programs in education, and residents as teachers programs...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457072/the-dedicated-enough-doctor-the-limits-of-medical-altruism-in-the-21st-century
#8
Peter Gilbey, Mary C J Rudolf, Sivan Spitzer-Shohat, Anthony Luder
The unique characteristics of the next generation of medical professionals in Israel and the current model of physician employment in the country may pose a real threat to the high quality of both public clinical care and medical education in the near future, and to the continued flourishing of clinical research. According to the Israel Medical Association's general obligations for Israeli physicians, the doctor should place the patient's interests foremost in his or her mind, before any other issue. This has led many to believe that selflessness or altruism should be among a physician's core values...
December 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336240/what-s-the-evidence-self-assessment-implications-for-life-long-learning-in-emergency-medicine
#9
Margaret Wolff, Sally A Santen, Laura R Hopson, Robin R Hemphill, Susan E Farrell
BACKGROUND: The 2012 Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference, "Education Research in Emergency Medicine: Opportunities, Challenges, and Strategies for Success" noted that emergency medicine (EM) educators often rely on theory and tradition when molding their approaches to teaching and learning, and called on the EM education community to advance the teaching of our specialty through the performance and application of research in teaching and assessment methods, cognitive function, and the effects of education interventions...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143942/bridging-the-education-action-gap-a-near-peer-case-based-undergraduate-ethics-teaching-programme
#10
Wing May Kong, Selena Knight
Undergraduate ethics teaching has made significant progress in the past decade, with evidence showing that students and trainee doctors feel more confident in identifying and analysing ethical issues. There is general consensus that ethics education should enable students and doctors to take ethically appropriate actions, and nurture moral integrity. However, the literature reports that doctors continue to find it difficult to take action when faced with perceived unethical behaviour. This has been evident in recent healthcare scandals, in which care has fallen below acceptable ethical standards, despite the presence of professional ethical guidelines and competencies...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116029/continuing-medical-education-speakers-with-high-evaluation-scores-use-more-image-based-slides
#11
Ian Ferguson, Andrew W Phillips, Michelle Lin
INTRODUCTION: Although continuing medical education (CME) presentations are common across health professions, it is unknown whether slide design is independently associated with audience evaluations of the speaker. Based on the conceptual framework of Mayer's theory of multimedia learning, this study aimed to determine whether image use and text density in presentation slides are associated with overall speaker evaluations. METHODS: This retrospective analysis of six sequential CME conferences (two annual emergency medicine conferences over a three-year period) used a mixed linear regression model to assess whether post-conference speaker evaluations were associated with image fraction (percentage of image-based slides per presentation) and text density (number of words per slide)...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003176/securing-the-continuity-of-medical-competence-in-times-of-demographic-change-a-proposal
#12
Joachim Paul Hasebrook, Jürgen Hinkelmann, Thomas Volkert, Sibyll Rodde, Klaus Hahnenkamp
BACKGROUND: University hospitals make up the backbone of medical and economic services of hospitals in Germany: they qualify specialist physicians, ensure medical research, and provide highly specialized maximum medical care, which other hospitals cannot undertake. In addition to this assignment, medical research and academic teaching must be managed despite a growing shortage of specialist physicians. By the year 2020, the need for the replacement of retired physicians and increased demand will total 30,000 positions...
December 21, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993625/how-knowledge-relates-to-confidence-in-orthopedics-and-emergency-medicine-regarding-return-to-sport-and-rehabilitation-in-foot-and-ankle-trauma
#13
Sarah Johnson-Lynn, David Townshend
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to survey the knowledge of registrars in emergency medicine and orthopedics on 5 common injuries to the foot and ankle and compare this knowledge, and self-reported confidence in giving it, with that of consultants and physiotherapists of various levels of experience. DESIGN: An online survey was used to gather the information using scenario-based open and closed questions. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 102 health care professionals, who regularly deal with sports injuries, were recruited...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965348/peer-support-writing-group-in-a-community-family-medicine-teaching-unit-facilitating-professional-development
#14
Lina Al-Imari, Jaisy Yang, Nicholas Pimlott
PROBLEM ADDRESSED: Aspiring physician writers need an environment that promotes self-reflection and can help them improve their skills and confidence in writing. OBJECTIVE OF PROGRAM: To create a peer-support writing group for physicians in the Markham-Stouffville community in Ontario to promote professional development by encouraging self-reflection and fostering the concept of physician as writer. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: The program, designed based on a literature review and a needs assessment, was conducted in 3 sessions over 6 months...
December 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829651/professional-competencies-of-cuban-specialists-in-intensive-care-and-emergency-medicine
#15
Pedro L Véliz-Martínez, Ana R Jorna-Calixto, René Oramas-González
INTRODUCTION The quality of medical training and practice reflects the competency level of the professionals involved. The intensive care and emergency medicine specialty in Cuba has not defined its competencies. OBJECTIVE Identify the competencies required for specialty practice in intensive care and emergency medicine. METHODS The study was conducted from January 2014 to December 2015, using qualitative techniques; 48 professionals participated. We undertook functional occupational analysis, based on functions defined in a previous study...
October 2016: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676786/healthcare-pathway-after-sever-traumatic-brain-injury-about-a-tunisian-population
#16
Soumaya Boudokhane, Amine Kalai, Aymen Haj Salah, Houda Migaou, Sana Salah, Anis Jellad, Mourad Gahbiche, Zohra Ben Salah Frih
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine the demographic characteristics and the pathway of severe traumatic brain injury (STBI) victims in the Tunisian population. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our study included 26 patients victims of STBI hospitalized in intensive care unit, among 450 traumatic head injuries admitted to the Teaching Hospital of Fattouma Bourguiba in Monastir during the year 2014. The studied parameters were: demographic characteristics of the population, circumstances of the accident, transport modalities to the hospital, assessments of the injury types, duration of coma, length of hospitalization in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and finally the discharge mode after the ICU stay (transfer to neurosurgery ward, to rehabilitation unit, or home discharged)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429215/progress-integrating-medical-humanities-into-medical-education-a-global-overview
#17
REVIEW
Stefani Pfeiffer, Yuchia Chen, Duujian Tsai
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The article reviews the most recent developments in integrating humanities into medical education. Global implications and future trends are illustrated. RECENT FINDINGS: The main concern of medical humanities education is teaching professionalism; one important aspect that has emerged is the goal of nurturing emotion through reflexivity. Relating effectively to all stakeholders and being sensitive to inequitable power dynamics are essential for professional social accountability in modern medical contexts...
September 2016: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377967/what-s-the-evidence-a-review-of-the-one-minute-preceptor-model-of%C3%A2-clinical-teaching-and-implications-for-teaching-in-the-emergency-department
#18
REVIEW
Susan E Farrell, Laura R Hopson, Margaret Wolff, Robin R Hemphill, Sally A Santen
BACKGROUND: The 2012 Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference, "Education Research in Emergency Medicine: Opportunities, Challenges, and Strategies for Success" noted that emergency medicine (EM) educators often rely on theory and tradition in molding their approaches to teaching and learning, and called on the EM education community to advance the teaching of our specialty through the performance and application of research in teaching and assessment methods, cognitive function, and the effects of education interventions...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330671/emergency-medicine-resident-perceptions-of-medical-professionalism
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Joshua Jauregui, Medley O Gatewood, Jonathan S Ilgen, Caitlin Schaninger, Jared Strote
INTRODUCTION: Medical professionalism is a core competency for emergency medicine (EM) trainees; but defining professionalism remains challenging, leading to difficulties creating objectives and performing assessment. Because professionalism is dynamic, culture-specific, and often taught by modeling, an exploration of trainees' perceptions can highlight their educational baseline and elucidate the importance they place on general conventional professionalism domains. To this end, our objective was to assess the relative value EM residents place on traditional components of professionalism...
May 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27206333/teaching-professionalism-in-graduate-medical-education-what-is-the-role-of-simulation
#20
REVIEW
Eisha Wali, Jayant M Pinto, Melissa Cappaert, Marcie Lambrix, Angela D Blood, Elizabeth A Blair, Stephen D Small
BACKGROUND: We systematically reviewed the literature concerning simulation-based teaching and assessment of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education professionalism competencies to elucidate best practices and facilitate further research. METHODS: A systematic review of English literature for "professionalism" and "simulation(s)" yielded 697 abstracts. Two independent raters chose abstracts that (1) focused on graduate medical education, (2) described the simulation method, and (3) used simulation to train or assess professionalism...
September 2016: Surgery
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