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Teaching professionalism in emergency medicine

Pedro L Véliz-Martínez, Ana R Jorna-Calixto, René Oramas-González
INTRODUCTION The quality of medical training and practice reflects the competency level of the professionals involved. The intensive care and emergency medicine specialty in Cuba has not defined its competencies. OBJECTIVE Identify the competencies required for specialty practice in intensive care and emergency medicine. METHODS The study was conducted from January 2014 to December 2015, using qualitative techniques; 48 professionals participated. We undertook functional occupational analysis, based on functions defined in a previous study...
October 2016: MEDICC Review
Soumaya Boudokhane, Amine Kalai, Aymen Haj Salah, Houda Migaou, Sana Salah, Anis Jellad, Mourad Gahbiche, Zohra Ben Salah Frih
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine the demographic characteristics and the pathway of severe traumatic brain injury (STBI) victims in the Tunisian population. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our study included 26 patients victims of STBI hospitalized in intensive care unit, among 450 traumatic head injuries admitted to the Teaching Hospital of Fattouma Bourguiba in Monastir during the year 2014. The studied parameters were: demographic characteristics of the population, circumstances of the accident, transport modalities to the hospital, assessments of the injury types, duration of coma, length of hospitalization in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and finally the discharge mode after the ICU stay (transfer to neurosurgery ward, to rehabilitation unit, or home discharged)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Stefani Pfeiffer, Yuchia Chen, Duujian Tsai
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The article reviews the most recent developments in integrating humanities into medical education. Global implications and future trends are illustrated. RECENT FINDINGS: The main concern of medical humanities education is teaching professionalism; one important aspect that has emerged is the goal of nurturing emotion through reflexivity. Relating effectively to all stakeholders and being sensitive to inequitable power dynamics are essential for professional social accountability in modern medical contexts...
September 2016: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Susan E Farrell, Laura R Hopson, Margaret Wolff, Robin R Hemphill, Sally A Santen
BACKGROUND: The 2012 Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference, "Education Research in Emergency Medicine: Opportunities, Challenges, and Strategies for Success" noted that emergency medicine (EM) educators often rely on theory and tradition in molding their approaches to teaching and learning, and called on the EM education community to advance the teaching of our specialty through the performance and application of research in teaching and assessment methods, cognitive function, and the effects of education interventions...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Joshua Jauregui, Medley O Gatewood, Jonathan S Ilgen, Caitlin Schaninger, Jared Strote
INTRODUCTION: Medical professionalism is a core competency for emergency medicine (EM) trainees; but defining professionalism remains challenging, leading to difficulties creating objectives and performing assessment. Because professionalism is dynamic, culture-specific, and often taught by modeling, an exploration of trainees' perceptions can highlight their educational baseline and elucidate the importance they place on general conventional professionalism domains. To this end, our objective was to assess the relative value EM residents place on traditional components of professionalism...
May 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Eisha Wali, Jayant M Pinto, Melissa Cappaert, Marcie Lambrix, Angela D Blood, Elizabeth A Blair, Stephen D Small
BACKGROUND: We systematically reviewed the literature concerning simulation-based teaching and assessment of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education professionalism competencies to elucidate best practices and facilitate further research. METHODS: A systematic review of English literature for "professionalism" and "simulation(s)" yielded 697 abstracts. Two independent raters chose abstracts that (1) focused on graduate medical education, (2) described the simulation method, and (3) used simulation to train or assess professionalism...
September 2016: Surgery
Anthony Kashou, Damayanthi Durairajanayagam, Ashok Agarwal
Since its inception in 2008, the American Center for Reproductive Medicine's summer internship program in reproductive research and writing has trained 114 students from 23 states within the United States and 10 countries worldwide. Its fundamental goal is to inspire pre-medical and medical students to embrace a career as a physician-scientist. During this intensive course, established scientists and clinicians train interns in the essential principles and fundamental concepts of bench research and scientific writing...
April 2016: World Journal of Men's Health
Desmond Whalen, Chris Harty, Mohamed Ravalia, Tia Renouf, Sabrina Alani, Robert Brown, Adam Dubrowski
The relevance of simulation as a teaching tool for medical professionals working in rural and remote contexts is apparent when low-frequency, high-risk situations are considered. Simulation training has been shown to enhance learning and improve patient outcomes in urban settings. However, there are few simulation scenarios designed to teach rural trauma management during complex medical transportation. In this technical report, we present a scenario using a medevac helicopter (Replica of Sikorsky S-92 designed by Virtual Marine Technology, St...
2016: Curēus
Antonio F Corno
To attract the interest of all people potentially involved in humanitarian activities in the emerging economies, in particular giving attention to the basic requirements of the organization of paediatric cardiac surgery activities, the requirements for a successful partnership with the local existing organizations and the basic elements of a patient-centred multidisciplinary integrated approach. Unfortunately, for many years, the interventions in the low and middle income countries were largely limited to short-term medical missions, not inappropriately nicknamed 'surgical safari', because of negative general and specific characteristics...
July 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Pedro L Véliz, Esperanza M Berra, Ana R Jorna
INTRODUCTION Medical specialties' core curricula should take into account functions to be carried out, positions to be filled and populations to be served. The functions in the professional profile for specialty training of Cuban intensive care and emergency medicine specialists do not include all the activities that they actually perform in professional practice. OBJECTIVE Define the specific functions and procedural skills required of Cuban specialists in intensive care and emergency medicine. METHODS The study was conducted from April 2011 to September 2013...
July 2015: MEDICC Review
Rani Polak, Edward M Phillips, Julia Nordgren, John La Puma, Julie La Barba, Mark Cucuzzella, Robert Graham, Timothy S Harlan, Tracey Burg, David Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Beneficial correlations are suggested between food preparation and home food preparation of healthy choices. Therefore, there is an emergence of culinary medicine (CM) programs directed at both patients and medical professionals which deliver education emphasizing skills such as shopping, food storage, and meal preparation. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this article is to provide a description of emerging CM programs and to imagine how this field can mature...
January 2016: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
Kriti Bhatia, James Kimo Takayesu, Eric S Nadel
INTRODUCTION: Mentorship fosters career development and growth. During residency training, mentorship should support clinical development along with intellectual and academic interests. Reported resident mentoring programmes do not typically include clinical components. We designed a programme that combines academic development with clinical feedback and assessment in a four-year emergency medicine residency programme. METHODS: Incoming interns were assigned an advisor...
February 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
M Huber-Lang, P Radermacher, A Palmer, S Geiler, C Grab, U Wachter, M Georgieff, F Gebhard, W Öchsner
BACKGROUNDS AND OBJECTIVES: As part of the expansion of the site-specific education profile of the medical curriculum MED@ULM of the University of Ulm, a new track "trauma care and trauma research" was established in the winter semester 2012/2013. The acceptance of the track was evaluated during the winter semester 2013/2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The 6-semester track extends the existing curriculum by offering subjects in trauma management and trauma research to students of human medicine...
December 7, 2015: Der Unfallchirurg
Simon Morgan, Gerard Ingham, Susan Wearne, Tony Saltis, Rosa Canalese, Lawrie McArthur
BACKGROUND: Within the apprenticeship model of general practice training, the majority of teaching and learning occurs in the practice under the guidance of the general practice supervisor. One of the foundations of a high-quality general practice training program is the delivery of relevant, evidence-based educational continuing professional development (EdCPD) for general practice supervisors. Despite The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP) and the Australian College of Rural and Remote Medicine (ACRRM) standards requiring EdCPD, there is currently no standardised educational curriculum for Australian general practice supervisors...
2015: Australian Family Physician
Molywan Vat, Carol Common, Andrea Maria Laizner, Coralie Borduas, Christine Maheu
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To understand the patients' reasons for returning to the emergency department soon after their discharge from an internal medicine unit and to compare these reasons with the liaison nurse clinician's risk assessment tools used for discharge planning. BACKGROUND: Returns to the emergency departments soon after discharge from the hospital are a recurrent problem. Factors precipitating readmission to hospital have been analysed through the lens of health care providers, but few studies have explored the patients' perspectives on their reasons for returning to the emergency departments...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Jonathan Sherbino, Nikita Joshi, Michelle Lin
BACKGROUND: In health professionals' education, senior learners play a key role in the teaching of junior colleagues. OBJECTIVE: We describe an online discussion about residents as teachers to highlight the topic and the online journal club medium. METHODS: In January 2015, the Journal of Graduate Medical Education (JGME) and the Academic Life in Emergency Medicine blog facilitated an open-access, online, weeklong journal club on the JGME article "What Makes a Great Resident Teacher? A Multicenter Survey of Medical Students Attending an Internal Medicine Conference...
September 2015: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Francis L Counselman, Michael L Carius, Terry Kowalenko, Nicole Battaglioli, Cherri Hobgood, Andy S Jagoda, Elise Lovell, Lillian Oshva, Anant Patel, Philip Shayne, Jeffrey A Tabas, Earl J Reisdorff
BACKGROUND: The American Board of Emergency Medicine (ABEM) convened a summit of stakeholders in Emergency Medicine (EM) to critically review the ABEM Maintenance of Certification (MOC) Program. OBJECTIVE: The newly introduced American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) 2015 MOC Standards require that the ABMS Member Boards, including ABEM, "engage in continual quality monitoring and improvement of its Program for MOC …" ABEM sought to have the EM community participate in the quality improvement process...
November 2015: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Nidaa Bajow, Ahmadreza Djalali, Pier Luigi Ingrassia, Hussein Ageely, Ibrahim Bani, Francesco Della Corte
OBJECTIVES: Health professional preparedness is a key element of disaster response; overall there is a need for increased disaster medicine training worldwide. The objective of this study was to design and develop a curriculum in community-based disaster medicine for Saudi Arabian medical undergraduates. METHODS: A structured five-step approach was used to develop a curriculum. Expert stakeholders from the Saudi Arabian and international disaster medicine communities were surveyed to determine objectives and content...
2015: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
Ali Ardalan, Joseph Kimuli Balikuddembe, Pier Luigi Ingrassia, Luca Carenzo, Francesco Della Corte, Ali Akbarisari, Ahmadreza Djalali
Disaster education needs innovative educational methods to be more effective compared to traditional approaches. This can be done by using virtual simulation method. This article presents an experience about using virtual simulation methods to teach health professional on disaster medicine in Iran. The workshop on the "Application of New Technologies in Disaster Management Simulation" was held in Tehran in January 2015. It was co-organized by the Disaster and Emergency Health Academy of Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Emergency and the Research Center in Disaster Medicine and Computer Science applied to Medicine (CRIMEDIM), Università del Piemonte Orientale...
2015: PLoS Currents
Sok Hong Goh, Kok Hian Tan, Robert K Kamei, Wen Hsin Koo, Sandy Cook
INTRODUCTION: The Academic Medicine Education Institute (AM∙EI), jointly established by Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School (Duke-NUS) and Singapore Healthcare Services (SingHealth), is a newly formed health professions education academy designed to cultivate best education practices and create a community of health professions educators. To achieve the aims of AM∙EI, the needs of SingHealth educators have to be understood. Therefore, this study was carried out to assess educators' perceptions towards the current education climate and their academic needs...
May 2015: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
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