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Teaching professionalism in emergency medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297609/proceedings-beyond-ultrasound-first-forum-on-improving-the-quality-of-ultrasound-imaging-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#1
Beryl R Benacerraf, Katherine K Minton, Carol B Benson, Bryann S Bromley, Brian D Coley, Peter M Doubilet, Wesley Lee, Samuel H Maslak, John S Pellerito, James J Perez, Eric Savitsky, Norman A Scarborough, Joseph Wax, Alfred Z Abuhamad
The Beyond Ultrasound First Forum was conceived to increase awareness that the quality of obstetric and gynecologic ultrasound can be improved, and is inconsistent throughout the country, likely due to multiple factors, including the lack of a standardized curriculum and competency assessment in ultrasound teaching. The forum brought together representatives from many professional associations; the imaging community including radiology, obstetrics and gynecology, and emergency medicine among others; in addition to government agencies, insurers, industry, and others with common interest in obstetric and gynecologic ultrasound...
January 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228876/crossing-professional-cultures-a-qualitative-study-of-nurses-working-in-a-medical-school
#2
Eileen McKinlay, Peter Gallagher, Bernadette Jones, Lindsay Macdonald, Christine Barthow
BACKGROUND: Leaving the nursing workforce is often seen as a loss to the profession. However some nurses maintain a current nursing registration and work outside their disciplinary field within university schools of medicine. Little is known about the nature of their work and why they choose to work in this setting. AIM: To explore and describe the experiences of nurses who work in a medical school. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive informed by autoethnography...
December 11, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226349/what-do-we-know-about-coaching-in-medical-education-a-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Ben Lovell
CONTEXT: Coaching has been employed successfully in the competitive sports, professional music, and business and corporate worlds. It is now emerging as a training modality in medical education. OBJECTIVES: This paper reviews the current evidence on coaching strategies for doctors and medical students. METHODS: An applied literature search was conducted in PubMed, MEDLINE and Web of Science. Predetermined definitions of coaching interventions and their evaluations were used to narrow 993 papers down to 21, which were included in the final review...
December 11, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226232/connecting-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-medical-education-through-an-elective-epa-based-transitional-year-in-acute-care-an-early-project-report
#4
Gersten Jonker, Reinier G Hoff, Stefan Max, Cor J Kalkman, Olle Ten Cate
Objective: A well-designed final year may ease the transition from medical school to postgraduate training, if it has enough depth to enable the acquisition of early specialty expertise, while keeping enough breadth to support the graduation as all-round physician. Aim of this article is to describe the design of a multidisciplinary dedicated transitional year (DTY) around the theme of recognition and initial treatment of vitally threatened patients. Methods: Undergraduate and postgraduate training directors from the departments of Anaesthesiology, Cardiology, Emergency Medicine, Intensive Care Medicine and Respiratory Medicine at UMC Utrecht and partnering hospitals have collaboratively developed and implemented a curriculum for a final year focusing on three entrustable professional activities (EPAs) in the domain of acute care...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097859/quantifying-burnout-among-emergency-medicine-professionals
#5
William Wilson, Jeffrey Pradeep Raj, Girish Narayan, Murtuza Ghiya, Shakuntala Murty, Bobby Joseph
Background: Burnout is a syndrome explained as serious emotional depletion with poor adaptation at work due to prolonged occupational stress. It has three principal components namely emotional exhaustion(EE), depersonalization(DP) and diminished feelings of personal accomplishment(PA). Thus, we aimed at measuring the degree of burnout in doctors and nurses working in emergency medicine department (EMD) of 4 select tertiary care teaching hospitals in South India. Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted among EMD professionals using a 30-item standardized pilot tested questionnaire as well as the Maslach burnout inventory...
October 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018043/educational-added-value-unit-development-and-testing-of-a-measure-for-educational-activities
#6
Amy B Guiot, Eric S Kirkendall, Craig H Gosdin, Samir S Shah, Dominick J DeBlasio, Katie A Meier, Jennifer K O'Toole
OBJECTIVES: University-based hospitalists educate health care professionals as an expectation, often lacking time and support for these activities. The purpose of this study was to (1) develop a tracking tool to record educational activities, (2) demonstrate its applicability and ease of completion for faculty members in different divisions, and (3) compare educational efforts of individuals from different professional pathways and divisions by using the educational added value unit (EAVU)...
October 10, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990797/competing-agendas-and-other-tensions-in-developing-patient-centred-communication-in-audiology-education-a-qualitative-study-of-educator-perspectives
#7
Samantha Tai, Caitlin Barr, Robyn Woodward-Kron
OBJECTIVE: Patient-centred communication (PCC) is an essential skill for effective healthcare provision and is accepted as a core competency in medicine and allied health. In audiology, recent studies have shown that audiologists rarely display PCC in adult hearing interactions. This highlights a need to investigate how PCC is taught and learnt in audiology. There is a paucity of studies on PCC in audiology education. The aim of this study is to examine educator perceptions of teaching PCC, including barriers and facilitators, in Australian graduate audiology programmes...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922654/student-s-perception-about-innovative-teaching-learning-practices-in-forensic-medicine
#8
Sanjay Gupta, Utsav N Parekh, Jaishree D Ganjiwale
BACKGROUND: Since decades, Forensic Medicine is mainly taught by didactic methods but in last couple of years some other teachinglearning and assessment methods are also introduced at some places which also lacks uniformity. Feedback from learners is most fundamental aspect to assess effectiveness of applied methods, but is not implemented in practice at most medical schools in India. Unfortunately, medical students are deprived of this practical empowerment and thus may not be efficient enough to contribute potentially to the justice system during their professional life...
November 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869808/pediatric-emergency-in-brazil-the-consolidation-of-an-area-in-the-pediatric-field
#9
REVIEW
Jefferson P Piva, Patrícia M Lago, Pedro Celiny R Garcia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to present a review on the evolution, development, and consolidation of the pediatric emergency abroad and in Brazil, as well as to discuss the residency program in this key area for pediatricians. DATA SOURCES: This was a narrative review, in which the authors used pre-selected documents utilized as the minimum requirements for the Residency Program in Pediatric Emergency Medicine and articles selected by interest for the theme development, at the SciELO and Medline databases, between 2000 and 2017...
September 1, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802638/spiritual-perspectives-of-emergency-medicine-doctors-and-nurses-in-caring-for-end-of-life-patients-a-mixed-method-study
#10
Yingting Zhang, Rakhee Yash Pal, Wai San Wilson Tam, Alice Lee, Mabel Ong, Lay Hwa Tiew
BACKGROUND: End-of-life care is becoming more prevalent in the Emergency Department. Quality end-of-life care includes spiritual support. As spirituality is a relatively vague concept, understanding healthcare professionals' spiritual perspectives is important. AIMS: To explore the perspectives of Emergency Department doctors and nurses in (i) spirituality, (ii) spiritual care domain in end-of-life care and (iii) factors influencing spiritual care provision in the Emergency Department...
August 9, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724149/using-reflections-to-evaluate-the-stfm-behavioral-science-family-systems-educator-fellowship
#11
Deborah A Taylor, Victoria Gorski, Sandra K Burge
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A group of family medicine educators identified a need and developed a 1-year fellowship for early career behavioral science educators. This occurred in response to a reduction in previous opportunities and resources. The program was designed to shape and mentor new behavioral science faculty teaching in family medicine departments and programs. Quantitative data analysis from pre- and post-fellowship survey data from years 1-4 confirmed fellowship objectives were met...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688814/proceedings-beyond-ultrasound-first-forum-on-improving-the-quality-of-ultrasound-imaging-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#12
Beryl R Benacerraf, Katherine K Minton, Carol B Benson, Bryann S Bromley, Brian D Coley, Peter M Doubilet, Wesley Lee, Samuel H Maslak, John S Pellerito, James J Perez, Eric Savitsky, Norman A Scarborough, Joseph Wax, Alfred Z Abuhamad
The Beyond Ultrasound First Forum was conceived to increase awareness that the quality of obstetric and gynecologic ultrasound can be improved, and is inconsistent throughout the country, likely due to multiple factors, including the lack of a standardized curriculum and competency assessment in ultrasound teaching. The forum brought together representatives from many professional associations; the imaging community including radiology, obstetrics and gynecology, and emergency medicine among others; in addition to government agencies, insurers, industry, and others with common interest in obstetric and gynecologic ultrasound...
July 6, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640033/how-attending-physician-preceptors-negotiate-their-complex-work-environment-a-collective-ethnography
#13
Jane B Lemaire, Jean E Wallace, Peter M Sargious, Maria Bacchus, Kelly Zarnke, David R Ward, William A Ghali
PURPOSE: To generate an empiric, detailed, and updated view of the attending physician preceptor role and its interface with the complex work environment. METHOD: In 2013, the authors conducted a modified collective ethnography with observations of internal medicine medical teaching unit preceptors from two university hospitals in Canada. Eleven observers conducted 32 observations (99.5 hours) of 26 preceptors (30 observations [93.5 hours] of 24 preceptors were included in the analysis)...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611974/internal-medicine-residency-program-in-guyana-a-collaborative-model-for-sustainable-graduate-medical-education-in-resource-limited-settings
#14
Dev Persaud, Joanna Cole, Ramdeo Jainarine, Zahira Khalid
The Georgetown Public Hospital Corporation (GPHC) started the Internal Medicine/Infectious Diseases residency program in 2013. It was a collaborative initiative between GPHC and University of Maryland. Since that time the program has gone through many trials and developed new partnerships and collaboration and emerged as a young successful program with close international links that have worked and persevered in developing the successful academic and professional careers of its residents. International collaborations have resulted in applying innovative methods of teaching to deliver the curriculum in a sustainable manner in a resource-limited setting...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584870/the-inventory-as-a-core-element-in-the-further-development-of-the-science-curriculum-in-the-mannheim-reformed-curriculum-of-medicine
#15
Julia Eckel, Katrin Schüttpelz-Brauns, Thomas Miethke, Alexandra Rolletschek, Harald M Fritz
Introduction: The German Council of Science and Humanities as well as a number of medical professional associations support the strengthening of scientific competences by developing longitudinal curricula for teaching scientific competences in the undergraduate medical education. The National Competence Based Catalogue of Learning Objectives for Undergraduate Medical Education (NKLM) has also defined medical scientific skills as learning objectives in addition to the role of the scholar. The development of the Mannheim science curriculum started with a systematic inventory of the teaching of scientific competences in the Mannheim Reformed Curriculum of Medicine (MaReCuM)...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497991/medical-students-professional-development-as-educators-revealed-through-reflections-on-their-teaching-following-a-students-as-teachers-course
#16
Michelle H Yoon, Benjamin C Blatt, Larrie W Greenberg
Phenomenon: Teaching is an important part of the tri-partite mission of every medical center. Although teaching often is given lower priority and recognition as opposed to patient care and/or research, this activity for many physicians in academic medicine ranks second to their patient care responsibilities. Medical teacher training has traditionally been aimed at faculty and residents through faculty development initiatives, continuing education for physicians at professional conferences, formalized degree or certificate programs in education, and residents as teachers programs...
October 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457072/the-dedicated-enough-doctor-the-limits-of-medical-altruism-in-the-21st-century
#17
Peter Gilbey, Mary C J Rudolf, Sivan Spitzer-Shohat, Anthony Luder
The unique characteristics of the next generation of medical professionals in Israel and the current model of physician employment in the country may pose a real threat to the high quality of both public clinical care and medical education in the near future, and to the continued flourishing of clinical research. According to the Israel Medical Association's general obligations for Israeli physicians, the doctor should place the patient's interests foremost in his or her mind, before any other issue. This has led many to believe that selflessness or altruism should be among a physician's core values...
December 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336240/what-s-the-evidence-self-assessment-implications-for-life-long-learning-in-emergency-medicine
#18
Margaret Wolff, Sally A Santen, Laura R Hopson, Robin R Hemphill, Susan E Farrell
BACKGROUND: The 2012 Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference, "Education Research in Emergency Medicine: Opportunities, Challenges, and Strategies for Success" noted that emergency medicine (EM) educators often rely on theory and tradition when molding their approaches to teaching and learning, and called on the EM education community to advance the teaching of our specialty through the performance and application of research in teaching and assessment methods, cognitive function, and the effects of education interventions...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143942/bridging-the-education-action-gap-a-near-peer-case-based-undergraduate-ethics-teaching-programme
#19
Wing May Kong, Selena Knight
Undergraduate ethics teaching has made significant progress in the past decade, with evidence showing that students and trainee doctors feel more confident in identifying and analysing ethical issues. There is general consensus that ethics education should enable students and doctors to take ethically appropriate actions, and nurture moral integrity. However, the literature reports that doctors continue to find it difficult to take action when faced with perceived unethical behaviour. This has been evident in recent healthcare scandals, in which care has fallen below acceptable ethical standards, despite the presence of professional ethical guidelines and competencies...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116029/continuing-medical-education-speakers-with-high-evaluation-scores-use-more-image-based-slides
#20
Ian Ferguson, Andrew W Phillips, Michelle Lin
INTRODUCTION: Although continuing medical education (CME) presentations are common across health professions, it is unknown whether slide design is independently associated with audience evaluations of the speaker. Based on the conceptual framework of Mayer's theory of multimedia learning, this study aimed to determine whether image use and text density in presentation slides are associated with overall speaker evaluations. METHODS: This retrospective analysis of six sequential CME conferences (two annual emergency medicine conferences over a three-year period) used a mixed linear regression model to assess whether post-conference speaker evaluations were associated with image fraction (percentage of image-based slides per presentation) and text density (number of words per slide)...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
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