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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149314/how-the-introduction-of-a-human-resources-information-system-helped-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-to-mobilise-domestic-resources-for-an-improved-health-workforce
#1
Jean-Robert Likofata Esanga, Claire Viadro, Leah McManus, Jennifer Wesson, Nicaise Matoko, Epiphane Ngumbu, Kate E Gilroy, Daren Trudeau
The Democratic Republic of Congo has flagged health workforce management and compensation as issues requiring attention, including the problem of ghost workers (individuals on payroll who do not exist and/or show up at work). Recognising the need for reliable health workforce information, the government has worked to implement iHRIS, an open source human resources information system that facilitates health workforce management. In Kasaï Central and Kasaï Provinces, health workers brought relevant documentation to data collection points, where trained teams interviewed them and entered contact information, identification, photo, current job, and employment and education history into iHRIS on laptops...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146658/views-of-commissioners-managers-and-healthcare-professionals-on-the-nhs-health-check-programme-a-systematic-review
#2
Katie Mills, Emma Harte, Adam Martin, Calum MacLure, Simon J Griffin, Jonathan Mant, Catherine Meads, Catherine L Saunders, Fiona M Walter, Juliet A Usher-Smith
OBJECTIVE: To synthesise data concerning the views of commissioners, managers and healthcare professionals towards the National Health Service (NHS) Health Check programme in general and the challenges faced when implementing it in practice. DESIGN: A systematic review of surveys and interview studies with a descriptive analysis of quantitative data and thematic synthesis of qualitative data. DATA SOURCES: An electronic literature search of MEDLINE, Embase, Health Management Information Consortium, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Global Health, PsycInfo, Web of Science, OpenGrey, the Cochrane Library, NHS Evidence, Google Scholar, Google, ClinicalTrials...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146622/refusal-of-treatment-of-childhood-cancer-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Amy E Caruso Brown, Amy R Slutzky
CONTEXT: Refusal of treatment for childhood cancer engenders much discussion. No systematic study of this phenomenon exists in countries where access to treatment is readily available. OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe all published cases of treatment refusal for childhood cancer in the contemporary era. DATA SOURCES: We searched PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Scopus, LexisNexis Academic, personal database, and secondary bibliographies...
November 16, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145698/illicit-drug-use-illicit-drug-use-disorders-and-drug-overdose-deaths-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-areas-united-states
#4
EDITORIAL
Karin A Mack, Christopher M Jones, Michael F Ballesteros
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Drug overdoses are a leading cause of injury death in the United States, resulting in approximately 52,000 deaths in 2015. Understanding differences in illicit drug use, illicit drug use disorders, and overall drug overdose deaths in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas is important for informing public health programs, interventions, and policies. REPORTING PERIOD: Illicit drug use and drug use disorders during 2003-2014, and drug overdose deaths during 1999-2015...
December 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145419/attitudes-to-mental-illness-among-mental-health-professionals-in-singapore-and-comparisons-with-the-general-population
#5
Qi Yuan, Louisa Picco, Sherilyn Chang, Edimansyah Abdin, Boon Yiang Chua, Samantha Ong, Kah Lai Yow, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Similar to the general public, mental health professionals sometimes also have negative attitudes towards individuals with mental illness; which could ultimately affect the quality of care received by the patients. This study aims to explore attitudes to mental illness among mental health professionals in Singapore; make comparisons with the general population; and investigate the significant correlates. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used. Eligible participants were recruited from the Institute of Mental Health, Singapore...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143430/power-discourse-and-resistance-poststructuralist-influences-in-nursing
#6
Dave Holmes, Marilou Gagnon
Based on our respective research programs (psychiatry, forensic psychiatry, public health, HIV/AIDS, harm reduction) this article aims to use purposely non-conventional means to present the substantial contribution of poststructuralist perspectives to knowledge development in nursing science in general and in our current research in particular. More specifically, we call on the work of Michel Foucault and Deleuze & Guattari to politicize nursing science using examples from our empirical research programs with marginal and often highly marginalized populations...
November 15, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143322/certifying-death-in-the-united-states
#7
Leah Ruiz, Brianne M Posey, Melanie-Angela Neuilly, Mary K Stohr, Craig Hemmens
Accurately identifying death and its causes is integral to the compilation of mortality data and ultimately to the operation of the criminal justice and public health systems. A clear understanding of who is in charge of such processes is paramount to establishing the quality, or lack thereof, of the information provided in death certificates. Our study provides a comprehensive overview of all state statutes identifying death investigators charged with classifying and certifying death in the United States. We found that state statutes designate a broad range of individuals as responsible for the classification and certification of death...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141897/effects-of-health-and-social-care-spending-constraints-on-mortality-in-england-a-time-trend-analysis
#8
Johnathan Watkins, Wahyu Wulaningsih, Charlie Da Zhou, Dominic C Marshall, Guia D C Sylianteng, Phyllis G Dela Rosa, Viveka A Miguel, Rosalind Raine, Lawrence P King, Mahiben Maruthappu
OBJECTIVE: Since 2010, England has experienced relative constraints in public expenditure on healthcare (PEH) and social care (PES). We sought to determine whether these constraints have affected mortality rates. METHODS: We collected data on health and social care resources and finances for England from 2001 to 2014. Time trend analyses were conducted to compare the actual mortality rates in 2011-2014 with the counterfactual rates expected based on trends before spending constraints...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141653/test-of-a-workforce-development-intervention-to-expand-opioid-use-disorder-treatment-pharmacotherapy-prescribers-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#9
Todd Molfenter, Hannah K Knudsen, Randy Brown, Nora Jacobson, Julie Horst, Mark Van Etten, Jee-Seon Kim, Eric Haram, Elizabeth Collier, Sanford Starr, Alexander Toy, Lynn Madden
BACKGROUND: Overdoses due to non-medical use of prescription opioids and other opiates have become the leading cause of accidental deaths in the USA. Buprenorphine and extended-release naltrexone are key evidence-based pharmacotherapies available to addiction treatment providers to address opioid use disorder (OUD) and prevent overdose deaths. Treatment organizations' efforts to provide these pharmacotherapies have, however, been stymied by limited success in recruiting providers (physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants) to prescribe these medications...
November 15, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141640/discordance-in-self-report-and-observation-data-on-mistreatment-of-women-by-providers-during-childbirth-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#10
Arnab Dey, Holly Baker Shakya, Dharmendra Chandurkar, Sanjiv Kumar, Arup Kumar Das, John Anthony, Mrunal Shetye, Suneeta Krishnan, Jay G Silverman, Anita Raj
BACKGROUND: The study aims to assess the discordance between self-reported and observed measures of mistreatment of women during childbirth in public health facilities in Uttar Pradesh, India, as well as correlates of these measures and their discordance. METHODS: Cross sectional data were collected through direct observation of deliveries and follow-up interviews with women (n = 875) delivering in 81 public health facilities in Uttar Pradesh. Participants were surveyed on demographics, mistreatment during childbirth, and maternal and newborn complications...
November 15, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141610/social-relations-and-healthcare-utilisation-among-middle-aged-and-older-people-study-protocol-for-an-implementation-and-register-based-study-in-denmark
#11
Anne Sophie Bech Mikkelsen, Rikke Lund, Maria Kristiansen
BACKGROUND: While previous research establishes an association between social relations, health and use of healthcare services among older people, how to implement this knowledge in real-life settings has received much less attention. This study will explore the relationship between social relations, health and use of healthcare services in a Danish mid-life population sample. In addition, the study will explore individual and contextual factors affecting the implementation of a group-based life story intervention aimed at establishing and strengthening social relations among older people at nursing homes in Denmark...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137552/clinical-governance-breakdown-australian-cases-of-wilful-blindness-and-whistleblowing
#12
Sonja Cleary, Maxine Duke
BACKGROUND: After their attempts to have patient safety concerns addressed internally were ignored by wilfully blind managers, nurses from Bundaberg Base Hospital and Macarthur Health Service felt compelled to 'blow the whistle'. Wilful blindness is the human desire to prefer ignorance to knowledge; the responsibility to be informed is shirked. OBJECTIVE: To provide an account of instances of wilful blindness identified in two high-profile cases of nurse whistleblowing in Australia...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135779/impact-of-cross-level-measurement-noninvariance-on-hospital-rankings-based-on-patient-experiences-with-care-in-7-european-countries
#13
Benedict O Orindi, Emmanuel Lesaffre, Walter Sermeus, Luk Bruyneel
BACKGROUND: Hospital-level findings on patient experiences with care are increasingly reported publicly. A critical aspect left unexamined is the commonality of composite measures of patient experiences across different groups of patients, nursing units, hospitals, and countries. Absence of commonality is termed measurement noninvariance and is hypothesized to have a strong impact on performance assessment. AIM: The aim of this study is to examine measurement invariance across groups and levels under study (patients, nursing units, hospitals, and countries) and illustrate the degree to which this method of analysis impacts hospital rankings...
December 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135066/developing-and-sustaining-a-career-as-a-transdisciplinary-nurse-scientist
#14
Kathleen T Hickey
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of strategies to build and sustain a career as a nurse scientist. This article examines how to integrate technologies and precision approaches into clinical practice, research, and education of the next generation of nursing scholars. DESIGN: This article presents information for shaping a sustainable transdisciplinary career. Programs of research that utilize self-management to improve quality of life are discussed throughout the article...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131679/knowledge-and-opinions-of-postpartum-mothers-about-the-lactational-amenorrhea-method-the-turkish-experience
#15
Sevgi Özsoy, Hilmiye Aksu, Nevin Akdolun Balkaya, Gözde Demirsoy Horta
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to investigate mothers' opinions and knowledge about the contraceptive feature of breastfeeding. BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is quite beneficial in terms of mother, baby, and public health. Although it has long been known to have a contraceptive effect and although it is common in many countries, women usually do not use it as a contraceptive method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a descriptive study and included 400 mothers in their early postpartum period...
November 13, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128989/infant-mortality-lessons-learned-from-a-fetal-and-infant-mortality-review-program
#16
Haywood L Brown, Mark Smith, Yvonne Beasley, Teri Conard, Anne Lise Musselman, Virginia A Caine
Objective To review fetal and infant deaths from women enrolled in Indianapolis Healthy Start using the National Fetal and Infant Mortality Review (FIMR) methods to provide strategies for prevention. METHODS: Marion County Public Health Department (MCPHD) FIMR staff identified and reviewed 22 fetal and infant deaths to Indianapolis Healthy Start program participants between 2005 and 2012. Trained FIMR nurses completed 13 of 20 maternal interviews and compiled case summaries of all deaths from the MCPHD FIMR database...
November 11, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126591/parental-refusal-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-multisite-study
#17
Frances DiAnna Kinder
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to explore reasons why parents may refuse administration of the human papillomavirus vaccine to their children. The data from this multisite study will contribute to our understanding of why parents may refuse administration of the vaccine. METHODS: This mixed-methods study took place in several pediatric settings after a pilot study was completed. After a health visit in which the vaccine was refused, a survey was provided to the parent in a private room...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125338/providing-high-quality-care-at-the-end-of-life-the-role-of-education-and-guidance
#18
Jill Dobson
Palliative care in the UK has been ranked as the best in the world. So where did palliative care go so wrong that a 168-page document is required to inform staff how to care for dying patients if it has been going so well for so long? Those nearing the end of their life deserve to be given optimum care, attention, compassion and consideration, but this is not always the case. The Liverpool Care Pathway was a tool originally devised to help health professionals provide high-quality end-of-life care to people in the final phase of life...
November 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124499/association-between-social-support-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-chinese-rural-elders-in-nursing-homes-the-mediating-role-of-resilience
#19
Menglian Wu, Yang Yang, Dan Zhang, Xia Zhao, Yaoyao Sun, Hui Xie, Jihui Jia, Yonggang Su, Yuqin Li
PURPOSE: This study aims to confirm the relationship between social support and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among rural Chinese elders in nursing homes, and to examine the mediating role of resilience in the impact of social support on HRQOL. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 205 elders aged 60 and above was conducted in five rural public nursing homes. Sociodemographic characteristics, the SF-36 questionnaire, and information about social support and resilience were collected...
November 9, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122043/physical-activity-promotion-by-health-practitioners-a-distance-learning-training-component-to-improve-knowledge-and-counseling
#20
Alex A Florindo, Douglas R Andrade, Paulo H Guerra, Jorge Mota, Diane Crone, Ana C C N Mafra, Mario M Bracco
Aim To report an evaluation of health professionals' participation in a distance-learning physical activity training course developed in a low socio-economic region of São Paulo city, Brazil. BACKGROUND: In countries with public universal health systems, physical activity promotion in primary health care settings can reap results, particularly given that such interventions have the potential to reach a large percentage of the population. However, few studies proposed physical activity training for health professionals in low- and middle-income countries...
November 10, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
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