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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231680/-a-review-on-the-advancement-of-internet-based-public-health-surveillance-program
#1
Y Q Zhao, W J Ma
Internet data is introduced into public health arena under the features of fast updating and tremendous volume. Mining and analyzing internet data, researchers can model the internet-based surveillance system to assess the distribution of health-related events. There are two main types of internet-based surveillance systems, i.e. active and passive, which are distinguished by the sources of information. Through passive surveillance system, information is collected from search engine and social media while the active system gathers information through provision of the volunteers...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231628/the-lived-experience-of-recovery-during-the-first-six-months-after-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#2
Jenny Jakobsson, Ewa Idvall, Christine Kumlien
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to describe the lived experience of recovery during the first six months after colorectal cancer surgery. BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer-diagnose worldwide. Early discharge places demands on health care professionals to prepare patients for their return home and to provide them with appropriate support throughout the recovery process. This requires knowledge of what it is like to recover from colorectal cancer surgery...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231439/the-rights-of-drug-treatment-patients-experience-of-addiction-treatment-in-poland-from-a-human-rights-perspective
#3
Justyna Klingemann
BACKGROUND: Drug dependence is a recognized medical condition and therefore, right to health applies in the same way to drug dependence as it does to any other health condition. The human rights in patient care framework - which refers to the application of basic human rights principles in the delivery of health care services - was used to explore the experiences of equality in the dignity and rights protected by Polish law within four different specialist drug treatment settings in Poland...
February 20, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231282/mindboggling-morphometry-of-human-brains
#4
Arno Klein, Satrajit S Ghosh, Forrest S Bao, Joachim Giard, Yrjö Häme, Eliezer Stavsky, Noah Lee, Brian Rossa, Martin Reuter, Elias Chaibub Neto, Anisha Keshavan
Mindboggle (http://mindboggle.info) is an open source brain morphometry platform that takes in preprocessed T1-weighted MRI data and outputs volume, surface, and tabular data containing label, feature, and shape information for further analysis. In this article, we document the software and demonstrate its use in studies of shape variation in healthy and diseased humans. The number of different shape measures and the size of the populations make this the largest and most detailed shape analysis of human brains ever conducted...
February 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231235/near-real-time-surveillance-of-u-s-norovirus-outbreaks-by-the-norovirus-sentinel-testing-and-tracking-network-united-states-august-2009-july-2015
#5
Minesh P Shah, Mary E Wikswo, Leslie Barclay, Anita Kambhampati, Kayoko Shioda, Umesh D Parashar, Jan Vinjé, Aron J Hall
Norovirus is the leading cause of endemic and epidemic acute gastroenteritis in the United States (1). New variant strains of norovirus GII.4 emerge every 2-4 years (2-4) and are often associated with increased disease and health care visits (5-7). Since 2009, CDC has obtained epidemiologic data on norovirus outbreaks from state health departments through the National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS) (8) and laboratory data through CaliciNet (9). NORS is a web-based platform for reporting waterborne, foodborne, and enteric disease outbreaks of all etiologies, including norovirus, to CDC...
February 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231175/mushroom-polysaccharides-chemistry-and-antiobesity-antidiabetes-anticancer-and-antibiotic-properties-in-cells-rodents-and-humans
#6
REVIEW
Mendel Friedman
More than 2000 species of edible and/or medicinal mushrooms have been identified to date, many of which are widely consumed, stimulating much research on their health-promoting properties. These properties are associated with bioactive compounds produced by the mushrooms, including polysaccharides. Although β-glucans (homopolysaccharides) are believed to be the major bioactive polysaccharides of mushrooms, other types of mushroom polysaccharides (heteropolysaccharides) also possess biological properties. Here we survey the chemistry of such health-promoting polysaccharides and their reported antiobesity and antidiabetic properties as well as selected anticarcinogenic, antimicrobial, and antiviral effects that demonstrate their multiple health-promoting potential...
November 29, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231165/seafood-safety-and-quality-the-consumer-s-role
#7
Doris T Hicks
All the good news about seafood-the health and nutritional benefits, the wide varieties and flavors-has had a positive effect on consumption: people are eating more seafood (http://www.seagrant.sunysb.edu/seafood/pdfs/SeafoodSavvy.pdf). Yet consumers want to be assured that seafood is as safe as, or safer to eat than, other foods. When you hear "seafood safety", think of a safety net designed to protect you, the consumer, from food-borne illness. Every facet of the seafood industry, from harvester to consumer, plays a role in holding up the safety net...
October 28, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231134/motivations-for-food-consumption-during-specific-eating-occasions-in-turkey
#8
Delores Chambers, Uyen T X Phan, Sirichat Chanadang, Curtis Maughan, Karolina Sanchez, Brizio Di Donfrancesco, David Gomez, Federica Higa, Han Li, Edgar Chambers, Eyyup Esen
Several studies in different countries have been conducted to investigate factors affecting food choices. The objective of this study was to understand the motivations of specific food and beverage choices for different eating occasions in a typical diet of the Turkish people. A convenience sample of 141 respondents from seven different geographical regions in Turkey completed an online survey questionnaire that included questions about demographic information and details about their latest eating occasion...
May 24, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231066/valuing-environmental-health-for-informed-policy-making
#9
Vojtěch Máca, Jan Melichar, Milan Ščasný, Markéta Braun Kohlová
BACKGROUND: Monetized environmental health impact assessments help to better evaluate the environmental burden of a wide range of economic activities. Apart from the limitations and uncertainties in physical and biological science used in such assessments, assumptions taken from economic valuation may also substantially influence subsequent policy-making considerations. AIM: This study attempts to demonstrate the impact of normative policy assumptions on quantified external costs using a case study of recently discussed variants of future coal mining and use of extracted coal in electricity and heat generation in the Czech Republic...
February 23, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231045/original-research-paper-public-health-care-system-a-quasi-experimental-study-acceptance-and-attitude-to-implicate-clinical-services
#10
Syed Wasif Gillani, Mohi Iqbal Mohammad Abdul
A six-month longitudinal intervention arm study with a pre-post cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was performed. A 3-phase objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) design was utilized for evaluation of acceptance and attitude of pharmacy students towards clinical pharmacy services. The pre-OSCE survey showed increased disagreement with the role of clinical pharmacists, compared to a significant positive shift in attitude towards their services in the healthcare team after 6 months of the trial...
March 1, 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231042/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-four-simulated-colorectal-cancer-screening-interventions-north-carolina
#11
Kristen Hassmiller Lich, David A Cornejo, Maria E Mayorga, Michael Pignone, Florence K L Tangka, Lisa C Richardson, Tzy-Mey Kuo, Anne-Marie Meyer, Ingrid J Hall, Judith Lee Smith, Todd A Durham, Steven A Chall, Trisha M Crutchfield, Stephanie B Wheeler
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates are suboptimal, particularly among the uninsured and the under-insured and among rural and African American populations. Little guidance is available for state-level decision makers to use to prioritize investment in evidence-based interventions to improve their population's health. The objective of this study was to demonstrate use of a simulation model that incorporates synthetic census data and claims-based statistical models to project screening behavior in North Carolina...
February 23, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230832/specific-interactions-between-lectins-and-red-blood-cells-of-chornobyl-cleanup-workers-as-indicator-of-some-late-radiation-effects
#12
I S Karpova
AIM: Growing interest in lectins is based on their diagnostic and pharmacological potential, especially the ability to inhibit proliferation and initiate apoptosis of cancer cells. In our research microplate lectinoassay able to detect carbohydrate containing structures (receptors) on erythrocyte surface have been proposed for Chornobyl cleanup workers (1986) monitoring. It was expected to reveal specific abnormalities associated with pathological condition arising as a result of late radiation effects...
December 2016: Experimental Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230405/getting-what-you-expect-future-self-views-predict-the-valence-of-life-events
#13
Peggy Voss, Anna E Kornadt, Klaus Rothermund
Views on aging have been shown to predict the occurrence of events related to physical health in previous studies. Extending these findings, we investigated the relation between aging-related future self-views and life events in a longitudinal study across a range of different life domains. Participants (N = 593, age range 30-80 years at t1) completed a survey at 2 measurement occasions that were separated by a 4-year interval (t1: 2009, t2: 2013), providing information on domain-specific future self-views as well as on life events that had occurred in the respective domains in-between the 2 measurement occasions...
March 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230383/the-interplay-between-personality-and-cognitive-ability-across-12-years-in-middle-and-late-adulthood-evidence-for-reciprocal-associations
#14
Markus Wettstein, Benjamin Tauber, Elżbieta Kuźma, Hans-Werner Wahl
Research on relationships between personality and cognitive abilities has so far resulted in inconsistent findings regarding the strength of the associations. Moreover, relationships have rarely been compared longitudinally and bidirectionally between midlife versus late-life cohorts by considering different personality traits as well as multiple cognitive domains over a long-term follow-up period. We hypothesize that the interplay between the "Big Five" personality traits (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness to Experience, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness) and cognitive abilities (information processing speed, crystallized intelligence, fluid intelligence) may change from midlife to old age due to age-associated changes in cognitive and personality plasticity...
February 23, 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230332/knowledge-past-use-and-willingness-to-start-medication-assisted-treatment-among-persons-undergoing-alcohol-detoxification
#15
Michael D Stein, Jessica N Flori, Claire E Blevins, Micah T Conti, Bradley J Anderson, Genie L Bailey
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The current study examined knowledge of previous use, and willingness to take alcohol-related medication among individuals in medically supervised detoxification. METHODS: Participants (n = 302) provided health and demographic information, substance use and detoxification history, PCP visits, and AA attendance. RESULTS: Most patients had knowledge of alcohol medications, one-third had past prescription, and over 80% reported willingness to take medication...
March 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230274/epidemiology-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-among-participants-of-the-millennium-cohort-incidence-deployment-related-risk-factors-and-antecedent-episodes-of-infectious-gastroenteritis
#16
C K Porter, M Welsh, M S Riddle, C Nieh, E J Boyko, G Gackstetter, T I Hooper
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are two pathotypes of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with unique pathology, risk factors and significant morbidity. AIM: To estimate incidence and identify IBD risk factors in a US military population, a healthy subset of the US population, using information from the Millennium Cohort Study. METHODS: Incident IBD was identified from medical encounters from 2001 to 2009 or by self-report...
February 23, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230244/topical-anaesthetics-for-pain-control-during-repair-of-dermal-laceration
#17
REVIEW
Baraa O Tayeb, Anthony Eidelman, Cristy L Eidelman, Ewan D McNicol, Daniel B Carr
BACKGROUND: Topical local anaesthetics provide effective analgesia for patients undergoing numerous superficial procedures, including repair of dermal lacerations. The need for cocaine in topical anaesthetic formulations has been questioned because of concern about adverse effects, thus novel preparations of cocaine-free anaesthetics have been developed. This review was originally published in 2011 and has been updated in 2017. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether benefits of non-invasive topical anaesthetic application occur at the expense of decreased analgesic efficacy...
February 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229841/-neuroimaging-and-blood-biomarkers-in-functional-prognosis-after-stroke
#18
REVIEW
João Paulo Branco, Joana Santos Costa, João Sargento-Freitas, Sandra Oliveira, Bruno Mendes, Jorge Laíns, João Pinheiro
INTRODUCTION: Stroke remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality around the world and it is associated with an important long-term functional disability. Some neuroimaging resources and certain peripheral blood or cerebrospinal fluid proteins can give important information about etiology, therapeutic approach, follow-up and functional prognosis in acute ischemic stroke patients. However, among the scientific community, there is currently more interest in the stroke vital prognosis over the functional prognosis...
November 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229540/introduction-to-special-issue-self-regulation-of-appetite-it-s-complicated
#19
Deborah Young-Hyman
OBJECTIVE: A meeting of multidisciplinary biobehavioral scientists and National Institutes of Health (NIH) program staff was convened by the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, Division of Program Coordination, Planning, and Strategic Initiatives, Office of the Director, NIH to examine mechanisms associated with humans' ability to self-regulate appetite and appetitive behavior. METHODS: Based upon prior discussions of the NIH Obesity Research Task Force Behavioral Phenotyping Work Group, the premise was adopted that, in modern society, multiple factors on multiple levels interact to create circumstances wherein self-control of appetite is difficult, leading to overconsumption of unhealthy foods versus healthy eating patterns, contributing to our current levels of obesity...
March 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229460/phenome-wide-association-studies-a-new-method-for-functional-genomics-in-humans
#20
Dan M Roden
In experimental physiology research, a common study design for examining the functional role of a gene or a genetic variant is to introduce that genetic variant into a model organism (such as yeast or mouse) and then to search for phenotypic consequences. The development of DNA biobanks linked to dense phenotypic information enables such an experiment to be applied to human subjects in form of a phenome-wide association study (PheWAS). The PheWAS paradigm takes advantage of a curated medical phenome, often derived from electronic health records, to search for associations between "input functions" and phenotypes in an unbiased fashion...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Physiology
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