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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778070/high-intensity-binge-drinking-is-associated-with-alterations-in-spontaneous-neural-oscillations-in-young-adults
#1
Rifqi O Affan, Siyuan Huang, Stephen M Cruz, Lee A Holcomb, Edward Nguyen, Ksenija Marinkovic
Heavy episodic alcohol consumption (also termed binge drinking) contributes to a wide range of health and cognitive deficits, but the associated brain-based indices are poorly understood. The current study used electroencephalography (EEG) to examine spontaneous neural oscillations in young adults as a function of quantity, frequency, and the pattern of their alcohol consumption. Sixty-one young adults (23.4 ± 3.4 years of age) were assigned to binge drinking (BD) and light drinking (LD) groups that were equated on gender, race/ethnic identity, age, educational background, and family history of alcoholism...
January 8, 2018: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777969/multicontextual-correlates-of-adolescent-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake
#2
Allison W Watts, Jon Miller, Nicole I Larson, Marla E Eisenberg, Mary T Story, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
PURPOSE: To examine personal, home, peer, school, neighborhood, and media correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake in a diverse sample of adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based study (EAT 2010: Eating and Activity in Teens) of 2793 adolescents (54% female, mean age [SD] = 14.5 [2.0], 80% nonwhite) attending public secondary schools in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota. Adolescents completed a food frequency questionnaire and answered survey questions about their diet/health perceptions and behaviors...
May 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777966/determinants-of-choice-of-delivery-place-testing-rational-choice-theory-and-habitus-theory
#3
Anja Broda, Juliane Krüger, Stephanie Schinke, Andreas Weber
OBJECTIVE: The current study uses two antipodal social science theories, the rational choice theory and the habitus theory, and applies these to describe how women choose between intraclinical (i.e., hospital-run birth clinics) and extraclinical (i.e., midwife-led birth centres or home births) delivery places. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, MEASUREMENTS: Data were collected in a cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey among 189 women. A list of 22 determinants, conceptualized to capture the two theoretical concepts, were rated on a 7-point Likert scale with 1 = unimportant to 7 = very important...
May 7, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777956/how-do-gender-relations-affect-the-working-lives-of-close-to-community-health-service-providers-empirical-research-a-review-and-conceptual-framework
#4
Rosalind Steege, Miriam Taegtmeyer, Rosalind McCollum, Kate Hawkins, Hermen Ormel, Maryse Kok, Sabina Rashid, Lilian Otiso, Mohsin Sidat, Kingsley Chikaphupha, Daniel Gemechu Datiko, Rukhsana Ahmed, Rachel Tolhurst, Woedem Gomez, Sally Theobald
Close-to-community (CTC) providers have been identified as a key cadre to progress universal health coverage and address inequities in health service provision due to their embedded position within communities. CTC providers both work within, and are subject to, the gender norms at community level but may also have the potential to alter them. This paper synthesises current evidence on gender and CTC providers and the services they deliver. This study uses a two-stage exploratory approach drawing upon qualitative research from the six countries (Bangladesh, Indonesia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique) that were part of the REACHOUT consortium...
May 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777948/escherichia-coli-hyperepidemic-clone-st410-a-harboring-bla-ctx-m-15-isolated-from-fresh-vegetables-in-a-municipal-market-in-quito-ecuador
#5
David Ortega-Paredes, Pedro Barba, Santiago Mena-López, Nathaly Espinel, Jeannete Zurita
Dissemination of Extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) Enterobacteriaceae is a major medical threat. Vegetables and fruits, which are usually consumed raw, are a very suitable pathway for the spread of these bacteria from farm-to-fork. However, limited information exists regarding resistant bacteria and epidemic clones that are disseminated in vegetables and tap water in South America. We processed a total of 90 samples in triplicate of nine typically consumed raw vegetables from a central municipal market, and tap water samples were processed from twenty-one locations in Quito, Ecuador...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777919/brain-to-bone-what-is-the-contribution-of-the-brain-to-skeletal-homeostasis
#6
REVIEW
Anna Idelevich, Roland Baron
The brain, which governs most, if not all, physiological functions in the body, from the complexities of cognition, learning and memory, to the regulation of basal body temperature, heart rate and breathing, has long been known to affect skeletal health. In particular, the hypothalamus - located at the base of the brain in close proximity to the medial eminence, where the blood-brain-barrier is not as tight as in other regions of the brain but rather "leaky", due to fenestrated capillaries - is exposed to a variety of circulating body cues, such as nutrients (glucose, fatty acids, amino acids), and hormones (insulin, glucagon, leptin, adiponectin) [1-3]...
May 16, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777898/a-survey-of-health-professionals-views-on-acceptable-gestational-age-and-termination-of-pregnancy-for-fetal-anomaly
#7
Lisa Crowe, Ruth H Graham, Stephen C Robson, Judith Rankin
Termination of pregnancy for fetal anomaly is legal in the UK with no upper limit, if two doctors, in good faith, agree "there is a substantial risk that if the child were born it would suffer from such physical or mental abnormalities as to be seriously handicapped". This is Clause E of the Human Fertlisation and Embryology Act. The most commonly sighted Clause is C, which states "the pregnancy has not exceeded its twenty-fourth week and that the continuance of the pregnancy would involve risk, greater than if the pregnancy were terminated, of injury to the physical or mental health of the pregnant woman"...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777749/burden-of-liver-disease-in-europe-epidemiology-and-analysis-of-risk-factors-to-identify-prevention-policies
#8
REVIEW
Laura Pimpin, Helena Cortez-Pinto, Francesco Negro, Emily Corbould, Jeffrey V Lazarus, Laura Webber, Nick Sheron
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The burden of liver disease in Europe continues to grow. We aimed to describe the epidemiology of liver diseases and their risk factors in European countries, and identify public health interventions that could impact on these risk factors to reduce the burden of liver disease. METHODS: As part of the HEPAHEALTH project, commissioned by EASL, we extracted information on historical and current prevalence and mortality from national and international literature and databases on liver disease in 35 countries in the WHO European region, as well as historical and recent prevalence data on their main determinants; alcohol consumption, obesity and hepatitis B and C virus infections...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777650/modeling-dengue-vector-population-using-remotely-sensed-data-and-machine-learning
#9
Juan M Scavuzzo, Francisco Trucco, Manuel Espinosa, Carolina B Tauro, Marcelo Abril, Carlos M Scavuzzo, Alejandro C Frery
Mosquitoes are vectors of many human diseases. In particular, Aedes ægypti (Linnaeus) is the main vector for Chikungunya, Dengue, and Zika viruses in Latin America and it represents a global threat. Public health policies that aim at combating this vector require dependable and timely information, which is usually expensive to obtain with field campaigns. For this reason, several efforts have been done to use remote sensing due to its reduced cost. The present work includes the temporal modeling of the oviposition activity (measured weekly on 50 ovitraps in a north Argentinean city) of Aedes ægypti (Linnaeus), based on time series of data extracted from operational earth observation satellite images...
May 16, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777648/reasons-for-discontinuation-of-implanon-among-users-in-buffalo-city-metropolitan-municipality-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Khungelwa Patricia Mrwebi, Daniel Ter Goon, Eyitayo Omolara Owolabi, Oladele Vincent Adeniyi, Eunice Seekoe, Anthony Idowu Ajayi
Early discontinuation of implanon, a long-acting, reversible contraceptive among reproductive age women in South Africa is a serious public health concern. The aim of this study was to examine the reasons for discontinuation of implanon among its previous users. This descriptive cross-sectional study involved 188 consecutively selected participants in two large family planning clinics in Buffalo Metropolitan Municipality, East London, South Africa. Descriptive statistics was conducted using SPSS version 22...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777645/-childbirth-is-not-a-sickness-a-woman-should-struggle-to-give-birth-exploring-continuing-popularity-of-home-births-in-western-kenya
#11
Violet Naanyu, Joyce Baliddawa, Beatrice Koech, Julie Karfakis, Nancy Nyagoha
More than 95% of Kenyan women receive antenatal care (ANC) and only 62% access skilled delivery. To explore women's opinion on delivery location, 20 focus group discussions were conducted at an urban and rural setting in western Kenya. Participants included health care workers, traditional birth attendants (TBAs), and women who attended at least four ANC visits and delivered. Six in-depth interviews were also conducted with a combination of women who gave birth in a facility and at home. Discussions were digitally recorded and transcribed for analysis...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777605/ethics-and-or-aesthetics-reflections-on-cosmetic-surgery-for-adolescents
#12
Gianluca Montanari Vergallo, Enrico Marinelli, Simona Napoletano, Natale Mario Di Luca, Simona Zaami
Cosmetic surgery entails various ethical issues, even more so in cases involving adolescent patients. Cosmetic surgeons need to take into account how modern societies consider physical appearance an essential component of everyday life, as well as the vulnerability of youths and adolescents. For that reason, it is imperative to thoroughly assess the psychological and emotional states, in addition to the motivations, of minor patients. That goal can be achieved through the use of the DAS-59, (the Derriford Appearance Scale)1 , an effective and dependable tool devised to evaluate the psychological difficulties and distress experienced by people living with problems of appearance...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777603/-communication-of-the-diagnosis-of-down-syndrome-mother-s-stories
#13
Teresa Vargas Aldecoa, José Luis Martin Conty, Rosa María Conty Serrano, Cristina Fernández Pérez
The article studies the way in which health professionals communicate the diagnosis of Down syndrome to parents. For that the personal stories of the mothers collected in the answers given by them to the open questions of a questionnaire on ″communication of the diagnosis″ are analyzed. The results show the mothers' dissatisfaction with the information received during the prenatal and postnatal diagnosis of Down síndrome.
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777601/-informed-consent-something-unresolved-in-the-penitentiary-setting
#14
Julio García Guerrero
INTRODUCTION: The exercise of Informed Consent within the penitentiary environment contradicts the ordinary exercise of the same towards the rest of the population. METHODOLOGY: review of legal regulations and constitutional doctrine on IC. Review of the judicial outcomes when a prisoner refuses medical treatment. RESULTS: Normative on IC (Ley 41/2002 y Convenio de Oviedo, Spanish legal framework): with the exception of cases in which IC cannot be taken or under the risk of causong damage to third parties, competent and capable persons can decide over their life and health, and such decisions need to be respected...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777560/the-effect-of-mobile-messaging-apps-on-cardiac-patient-knowledge-of-cad-risk-factors-and-adherence-to-a-healthy-lifestyle
#15
Yea Hung Tang, Mei Chan Chong, Yan Piaw Chua, Ping Lei Chui, Li Yoong Tang, Norsiah Rahmat
AIMS: This study aimed to determine the effect mobile messaging apps on coronary artery disease patient knowledge of and adherence to a healthy lifestyle. BACKGROUND: Due to the increasing incidence of coronary artery disease in recent years, interventions targeting coronary artery disease risk factors are urgent public priorities. The use of mobile technology in healthcare services and medical education is relatively new with promising future prospects. DESIGN: This study used a quasi-experimental design that included pre- and post-test for intervention and control groups...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777497/assessing-the-external-benefits-of-contaminated-soil-remediation-in-korea-a-choice-experiment-study
#16
Seul-Ye Lim, Hyo-Jin Kim, Seung-Hoon Yoo
Korean government has made and will continue to make a considerable investment in contaminated soil remediation to rectify the problems that arise from soil pollution. Quantitative information on the benefits of contaminated soil remediation is widely demanded by the public as well as the government. This article aims to assess the external benefits of contaminated soil remediation. A survey of 1000 randomly selected households was undertaken in Korea. The results show that the marginal willingness to pay values for a 1% decrease in human health hazard, a 1% improvement in biodiversity restoration, and 1000 new job creation by contaminated soil remediation are estimated to be KRW 204 (USD 0...
May 19, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777460/a-tale-of-two-countries-comparing-disability-weights-for-gambling-problems-in-new-zealand-and-australia
#17
Vijay Rawat, Matthew Browne, Maria Bellringer, Nancy Greer, Komathi Kolandai-Matchett, Matthew Rockloff, Erika Langham, Christine Hanley, Katie Palmer Du Preez, Max Abbott
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the impact of gambling problems on quality of life. Specifically, we generated disability weight estimates for gambling problems in New Zealand, and compared these results with (i) Australian figures (J Gambl Issues, 10.4309/jgi.v0i36.3978, 2017) and (ii) other health states (Lancet, 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61680-8, 2013); such as anxiety and alcohol use disorders. METHOD: The 324 participants (48 experts and 276 general population members) evaluated a series of gambling harm vignettes...
May 17, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777373/safety-and-feasibility-of-pulmonary-artery-pressure-guided-heart-failure-therapy-rationale-and-design-of-the-prospective-cardiomems-monitoring-study-for-heart-failure-mems-hf
#18
Christiane E Angermann, Birgit Assmus, Stefan D Anker, Johannes Brachmann, Georg Ertl, Friedrich Köhler, Stephan Rosenkranz, Carsten Tschöpe, Philip B Adamson, Michael Böhm
BACKGROUND: Wireless monitoring of pulmonary artery (PA) pressures with the CardioMEMS HF™ system is indicated in patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III heart failure (HF). Randomized and observational trials have shown a reduction in HF-related hospitalizations and improved quality of life in patients using this device in the United States. OBJECTIVE: MEMS-HF is a prospective, non-randomized, open-label, multicenter study to characterize safety and feasibility of using remote PA pressure monitoring in a real-world setting in Germany, The Netherlands and Ireland...
May 19, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777238/impact-of-body-mass-index-and-body-weight-variabilities-on-mortality-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#19
Ga Eun Nam, Kyung Hwan Cho, Kyungdo Han, Byoungduck Han, Sung Jung Cho, Yong Kyun Roh, Seon Mee Kim, Youn Seon Choi, Do Hoon Kim, Yang Hyun Kim, Yong Gyu Park
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is limited information regarding the impact of body mass index (BMI) and body weight (BWt) variabilities on mortality. This study aimed to investigate the association between BMI, BWt variabilities and subsequent mortality in the Korean population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This study used a representative sample cohort enrolled in the national health examination program conducted by the Korean National Health Insurance Service, and 125,391 individuals were included and followed up until 2013 (mean follow-up period = 84 months)...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777110/using-network-analysis-for-the-prediction-of-treatment-dropout-in-patients-with-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-a-methodological-proof-of-concept-study
#20
Wolfgang Lutz, Brian Schwartz, Stefan G Hofmann, Aaron J Fisher, Kristin Husen, Julian A Rubel
There are large health, societal, and economic costs associated with attrition from psychological services. The recently emerged, innovative statistical tool of complex network analysis was used in the present proof-of-concept study to improve the prediction of attrition. Fifty-eight patients undergoing psychological treatment for mood or anxiety disorders were assessed using Ecological Momentary Assessments four times a day for two weeks before treatment (3,248 measurements). Multilevel vector autoregressive models were employed to compute dynamic symptom networks...
May 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
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