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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101427/sociodemographic-patterns-in-pharmacy-dispensing-of-medications-for-erectile-dysfunction-in-sweden
#1
Pernilla J Bjerkeli, Shai Mulinari, Sofia Zettermark, Juan Merlo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between sociodemographic factors and pharmacy dispensing of medications for erectile dysfunction (ED) in the general population of middle-aged and elderly men. By considering a number of medical conditions that could promote or contraindicate use of ED medication, the analysis could help capture prescription patterns that might not be explained by medical needs. METHODS: Individual-level pharmacy dispensing data from 2006 for a population-based cohort of 216,148 men aged 45-79 years in the county Scania, Sweden, were analysed...
November 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030043/quality-of-anthelminthic-medicines-available-in-jimma-ethiopia
#2
Sileshi Belew, Sultan Suleman, Evelien Wynendaele, Matthias D'Hondt, Anne Kosgei, Luc Duchateau, Bart De Spiegeleer
Soil-transmitted helminthiasis and schistosomiasis are major public health problems in Ethiopia. Mass deworming of at-risk population using a single dose administration of 400mg albendazole (ABZ) or 500mg mebendazole (MBZ) for treatment of common intestinal worms and 40mg of praziquantel (PZQ) per kg body weight for treatment of schistosomiasis is one of the strategies recommended by World Health Organization (WHO) in order to control the morbidity of soil-transmitted helminthiasis and schistosomiasis. Since storage condition, climate, way of transportation and distribution route could all affect the quality of medicines, regular assessment by surveys is very critical to ensure the therapeutic outcome, to minimize risk of toxicity to the patient and resistance of parasites...
October 13, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025141/how-is-it-best-to-deliver-care-in-acute-medical-units-a-systematic-review
#3
L E M Reid, A J F Crookshanks, M C Jones, Z J Morrison, N I Lone, C J Weir
The majority of medical patients presenting to hospital in the UK are cared for in acute medical units (AMUs). Such units are also increasingly present internationally. Care delivery varies across units: this review aims to examine the evidence for how best to deliver AMU care.Six electronic databases and grey literature were searched. Inclusion criteria comprised interventions applied to undifferentiated patients in AMU settings. All studies were quality assessed. A narrative approach was undertaken.Nine studies, all conducted in the UK or Ireland, evaluated 1...
August 4, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992824/a-nationwide-study-of-pharmacists-perception-of-the-impact-of-medicare-part-d-on-the-pharmacist-patient-relationship
#4
Joshua J Spooner, Harlan Spotts, Shamima Khan
BACKGROUND: Medicare Part D was implemented in 2006, introducing change to the community pharmacy marketplace, with profound disruption to independent pharmacy operations across the United States. AIMS: To understand pharmacist perceptions about Part D and their perceived obligation to address Part D issues on behalf of their beneficiaries. METHODS: A nationwide, cross-sectional survey of pharmacists was conducted between April and July 2013...
October 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970441/competence-based-pharmacy-education-in-the-university-of-helsinki
#5
Nina Katajavuori, Outi Salminen, Katariina Vuorensola, Helena Huhtala, Pia Vuorela, Jouni Hirvonen
In order to meet the expectations to act as an expert in the health care profession, it is of utmost importance that pharmacy education creates knowledge and skills needed in today's working life. Thus, the planning of the curriculum should be based on relevant and up-to-date learning outcomes. In the University of Helsinki, a university wide curriculum reform called 'the Big Wheel' was launched in 2015. After the reform, the basic degrees of the university are two-cycle (Bachelor-Master) and competence-based, where the learning outcomes form a solid basis for the curriculum goals and implementation...
June 1, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961153/measuring-health-related-transportation-barriers-in-urban-settings
#6
Sara M Locatelli, Lisa K Sharp, Saming T Syed, Shikhi Bhansari, Ben S Gerber
Access to reliable transportation is important for people with chronic diseases considering the need for frequent medical visits and for medications from the pharmacy. Understanding of the extent to which transportation barriers, including lack of transportation, contribute to poor health outcomes has been hindered by a lack of consistency in measuring or operationally defining "transportation barriers." The current study uses the Rasch measurement model to examine the psychometric properties of a new measure designed to capture types of transportation and associated barriers within an urban context...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948025/does-access-to-credit-services-influence-availability-of-essential-child-medicines-and-licensing-status-among-private-medicine-retail-outlets-in-uganda
#7
Lorraine Nabbanja Kabunga, Paschal Mujasi
BACKGROUND: Despite making great progress in reducing under five mortality in the last three decades. Uganda still ranks high among countries with the highest under five mortality rates. More than a third (36%) of these deaths are caused by pneumonia (15%), malaria (12%), or diarrhea (9%). For many mothers and caregivers, private drug shops are a point of care seeking for these illnesses. However, many drug-shops, are unlicensed and do not stock essential commodities due to insufficient capital and operational funds...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943979/a-qualitative-study-on-pharmacists-perception-on-integrating-pharmacists-into-private-general-practitioner-s-clinics-in-malaysia
#8
Pui S Saw, Lisa Nissen, Christopher Freeman, Pei S Wong, Vivienne Mak
BACKGROUND: Private general practitioners in Malaysia largely operates as solo practices - prescribing and supplying medications to patients directly from their clinics, thus posing risk of medication-related problems to consumers. A pharmacy practice reform that integrates pharmacists into primary healthcare clinics can be a potential initiative to promote quality use of medication. This model of care is a novel approach in Malaysia and research in the local context is required, especially from the perspectives of pharmacists...
July 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941721/experience-with-integrating-pharmacist-documenters-on-cardiac-arrest-teams-to-improve-quality
#9
Mojdeh S Heavner, Ginger E Rouse, Steven M Lemieux, Kent A Owusu, David Pritchard, Marina Yazdi, Lorraine A Lee
OBJECTIVES: To determine if adding a clinical pharmacist to the cardiac arrest team in a documenter role improves completeness of documentation and quality of advanced cardiovascular life support (ACLS). SETTING: A 1541-bed, tertiary care, academic medical center with an integrated clinical pharmacy practice model. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: In 2012, we identified documentation of resuscitation activities during cardiac arrest events and compliance with published ACLS guidelines as opportunities for systematic quality improvement at our tertiary care academic medical center...
September 20, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935219/medical-abortion-can-be-provided-safely-and-effectively-by-pharmacy-workers-trained-within-a-harm-reduction-framework-nepal
#10
Anand Tamang, Mahesh Puri, Sazina Masud, Deepak Kumar Karki, Diksha Khadka, Minal Singh, Poonam Sharma, Subash Gajurel
OBJECTIVES: To examine the treatment efficacy, safety and satisfaction of women using medical abortion (MA) pills provided by pharmacists following an education intervention based on a harm reduction approach. STUDY DESIGN: This was an operations research study over a six-month period in 2015, using a non-inferiority design. We provided training to dispense MA pills, based on a harm reduction approach, to a group of pharmacy workers in Makwanpur district (GROUP 2)...
September 18, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929207/-securpharm-e-%C3%A2-v-a%C3%A2-protective-shield-against-falsified-medicines
#11
REVIEW
Martin Bergen, Reinhard Hoferichter
It is the declared objective of the Falsified Medicines Directive 2011/62/EU to further improve the protection of patients from falsified pharmaceuticals. Therefore, it stipulates measures based on which falsified medicines in the supply chain can be more easily identified. This is the European legislature's reaction to an increase in falsified medicines. The EU Falsified Medicines Directive aims to create a uniform, standardized solution for protection from falsified drugs. From 9 February 2019 onward (according to the EU Regulation No...
September 19, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929174/-operation-pangea-standing-together-in-combat-against-international-pharmaceutical-crime
#12
REVIEW
Kirstin Smolka, Klaus Gronwald
Crime on the internet has grown accordingly to the increased use of the internet in everyday life. This includes illegal trading of pharmaceuticals via the internet. Trading in pharmaceuticals as "special commodities" underlies certain legal regulations in Germany, as in most other countries worldwide.Mail order trade (colloquially also known as internet trade) in pharmaceuticals requires approval of the competent regulatory authority. However, numerous illegal internet vendors of medicines present their websites to customers, purporting to be legal pharmacies and trading good and genuine medicines...
September 19, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924086/ultrasound-assisted-synthesis-of-hydroxylated-soybean-lecithin-from-crude-soybean-lecithin-as-an-emulsifier
#13
Pranali P Chiplunkar, Amit P Pratap
Soybean lecithin is a by-product obtained during degumming step of crude soybean oil refining. Crude soybean lecithin (CSL) contains major amount of phospholipids (PLs) along with minor amount of acylglycerols, bioactive components, etc. Due to presence of PLs, CSL can be used as an emulsifier. Crude soybean lecithin (CSL) was utilized to synthesize hydroxylated soybean lecithin (HSL) by hydroxylation using hydrogen peroxide and catalytic amount of lactic acid to enhance the hydrophilicity and emulsifying properties of CSL...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922381/the-operation-of-a-research-and-development-r-d-program-and-its-significance-for-practice-change-in-community-pharmacy
#14
Andi Hermansyah, Erica Sainsbury, Ines Krass
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacy practice in Australia is changing and Research and Development (R&D) in community pharmacy plays an important role in contributing to the changes. A range of Cognitive Pharmacy Services (CPS) were developed from R&D programs, yet their implementation has been minimal indicating slow practice change within community pharmacy. Given the vital role of R&D, little is known about the operation and the extent to which it has been effective in supporting practice change in community pharmacy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915337/the-cost-and-cost-effectiveness-of-childhood-cancer-treatment-in-el-salvador-central-america-a-report-from-the-childhood-cancer-2030-network
#15
Soad Fuentes-Alabi, Nickhill Bhakta, Roberto Franklin Vasquez, Sumit Gupta, Susan E Horton
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies have examined the cost of treating individual childhood cancers in low-income and middle-income countries, to the authors' knowledge none has examined the overall cost and cost-effectiveness of operating a childhood cancer treatment center. Herein, the authors examined the cost and sources of financing of a pediatric cancer unit in Hospital Nacional de Ninos Benjamin Bloom in El Salvador, and make estimates of cost-effectiveness. METHODS: Administrative data regarding costs and volumes of inputs were obtained for 2016 for the pediatric cancer unit...
September 15, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893729/expansion-of-inpatient-clinical-pharmacy-services-through-reallocation-of-pharmacists
#16
Amanda J Sowell, Emily C Pherson, Virna I Almuete, Jennifer V Gillespie, Vi Gilmore, Megan Jensen, Ravi Nehra, Kimberly M Durand, Todd W Nesbit, Meghan D Swarthout, Leigh E Efird
PURPOSE: The redesign of an inpatient pharmacy practice model through reallocation of pharmacy resources in order to expand clinical services is described. METHODS: A pharmacy practice model change was implemented at a nonprofit academic medical center to meet the increasing demand for direct patient care services. In order to accomplish this change, the following steps were completed: reevaluation of daily tasks and responsibilities, reallocation of remaining tasks to the most appropriate pharmacy staff member, determination of the ideal number of positions needed to complete each task, and reorganization of the model into a collection of teams...
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885970/essential-medications-for-patients-with-suspected-or-confirmed-ebola-virus-disease-in-resource-limited-environments
#17
William F Pierce, Selena D Ready, John Tyson Chapman, Corrinne Kulick, Anastasia Shields, Jialynn Wang, Kimberly Andrews, Richard W Childs, Carlos Bell, Alexandr Kosyak, Jade Pham
BACKGROUND: In 2014, the U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS) Commissioned Corps deployed to Monrovia, Liberia, to operate a 25-bed Ebola treatment unit (ETU) constructed by the U.S. Military. The ETU was named the Monrovia Medical Unit (MMU) and was constructed from an U.S. Air Force Expeditionary Medical Support (EMEDS) unit with modifications on the basis of consultation from Médecins Sans Frontières, the World Health Organization, and expert panels from the U.S. Department of Defense and Department of Health and Human Services...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872697/perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-to-providing-methadone-maintenance-treatment-among-rural-community-pharmacists-in-southwestern-ontario
#18
Joseph Fonseca, Andrew Chang, Feng Chang
PURPOSE: Misuse of opioids has become a public health concern across North America. Rural patients have limited access to methadone maintenance treatment (MMT), an opioid addiction-treatment service that could be offered by community pharmacists. The aim of this study was to identify rural community pharmacists' perceived barriers, motivations, and solutions to offering MMT to their patients. METHODS: One-on-one, semistructured interviews were conducted with 11 community pharmacists who practice in rural southwestern Ontario...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817781/availability-and-variation-of-publicly-reported-prescription-drug-prices
#19
Jeffrey T Kullgren, Joel E Segel, Timothy A Peterson, A Mark Fendrick, Simone Singh
OBJECTIVES: To examine how often retail prices for prescription drugs are available on state public reporting websites, the variability of these reported prices, and zip code characteristics associated with greater price variation. STUDY DESIGN: Searches of state government-operated websites in Michigan, Missouri, New York, and Pennsylvania for retail prices for Advair Diskus (250/50 fluticasone propionate/salmeterol), Lyrica (pregabalin 50 mg), Nasonex (mometasone 50 mcg nasal spray), Spiriva (tiotropium 18 mcg cp-handihaler), Zetia (ezetimibe 10 mg), atorvastatin 20 mg, and metoprolol 50 mg...
July 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807661/state-programs-assisting-pharmacy-professionals-with-substance-use-disorders
#20
REVIEW
Kim Edward Light, Karen Goodner, Victoria A Seaton, Bethany Boyle, Robert Hopkins
OBJECTIVES: To identify which states currently have substance use disorder (SUD) programs to facilitate the return of pharmacy professionals (including technicians, interns, and student pharmacists) to active practice, to identify the operational structures used by the states in providing these services and compare them with those reported previously, and to compile the most current and accurate contact information for each state SUD program. METHODS: Information specific to each state program was identified from Internet resources including state pharmacy associations, licensing boards, and professional associations...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
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