keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

POSSUM

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704730/consistent-patterns-of-vehicle-collision-risk-for-six-mammal-species
#1
Casey Visintin, Rodney van der Ree, Michael A McCarthy
The occurrence and rate of wildlife-vehicle collisions are related to both anthropocentric and environmental variables, however, few studies compare collision risks for multiple species within a model framework that is adaptable and transferable. Our research compares collision risk for multiple species across a large geographic area using a conceptually simple risk framework. We used six species of native terrestrial mammal often involved with wildlife-vehicle collisions in south-east Australia. We related collisions reported to a wildlife organisation to the co-occurrence of each species and a threatening process (presence and movement of road vehicles)...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688214/uterine-molecular-changes-for-non-invasive-embryonic-attachment-in-the-marsupials-macropus-eugenii-macropodidae-and-trichosurus-vulpecula-phalangeridae
#2
Melanie K Laird, Jessica R Dargan, Lillian Paterson, Christopher R Murphy, Bronwyn M McAllan, Geoff Shaw, Marilyn B Renfree, Michael B Thompson
Pregnancy in mammals requires remodelling of the uterus to become receptive to the implanting embryo. Remarkably similar morphological changes to the uterine epithelium occur in both eutherian and marsupial mammals, irrespective of placental type. Nevertheless, molecular differences in uterine remodelling indicate that the marsupial uterus employs maternal defences, including molecular reinforcement of the uterine epithelium, to regulate embryonic invasion. Non-invasive (epitheliochorial) embryonic attachment in marsupials likely evolved secondarily from invasive attachment, so uterine defences in these species may prevent embryonic invasion...
July 8, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644586/medical-record-weight-mrw-a-new-reliable-predictor-of-hospital-stay-morbidity-and-mortality-in-the-hip-fracture-population
#3
P Calpin, K Taheny, J F Baker, J Green, J P McCabe
We sought to compare the weight of patient's medical records (MRW) to that of standardised surgical risk scoring systems in predicting postoperative hospital stay, morbidity, and mortality in patients with hip fracture. Patients admitted for surgical treatment of a newly diagnosed hip fracture over a 3-month period were enrolled. Patients with documented morbidity or mortality had significantly heavier medical records. The MRW was equivalent to the age-adjusted Charlson co-morbidity index and better than the American Society of Anaesthesiologists physical status score (ASA), the Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and Morbidity (POSSUM,) and Portsmouth-POSSUM score (P-POSSUM) in correlation with length of hospital admission, p = ...
December 12, 2016: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628459/francisella-tularensis-ssp-holarctica-in-ringtail-possums-australia
#4
John-Sebastian Eden, Karrie Rose, Jimmy Ng, Mang Shi, Qinning Wang, Vitali Sintchenko, Edward C Holmes
The occurrence of Francisella tularensis outside of endemic areas, such as North America and Eurasia, has been enigmatic. We report the metagenomic discovery and isolation of F. tularensis ssp. holarctica biovar japonica from diseased ringtail possums in Sydney, Australia. This finding confirms the presence of F. tularensis in the Southern Hemisphere.
July 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616504/q-fever-in-an-endemic-region-of-north-queensland-australia-a-10%C3%A2-year-review
#5
Pirathaban Sivabalan, Apoorva Saboo, James Yew, Robert Norton
BACKGROUND: Q fever is a zoonotic infection caused by Coxiella burnetii. Endemic Q fever has long been recognised in north Queensland, with north Queensland previously acknowledged to have the highest rate of notification in Australia. In this retrospective study, we reviewed the demographics and exposure of patients diagnosed with Q fever in an endemic region of north Queensland, to identify trends and exposure factors for the acquisition of Q fever. METHODS: A retrospective study looking at patients in the region that had tested positive for Q fever by case ascertainment between 2004 and 2014...
June 2017: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576823/heart-rate-dynamics-in-a-marsupial-hibernator
#6
Steven J Swoap, Gerhard Körtner, Fritz Geiser
The eastern pygmy-possum (Cercartetus nanus) is a small marsupial that can express spontaneous short bouts of torpor, as well as multi-day bouts of deep hibernation. To examine heart rate (HR) control at various stages of torpor in a marsupial hibernator, and to see whether HR variability differs from deep placental hibernators, we used radiotelemetry to measure ECG and Tb while measuring the rate of O2 consumption and ventilation. The HR and rate of O2 consumption during euthermia was at its minimum (321±34 bpm, 0...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574054/-first-experience-with-total-laparoscopic-reconstructive-operations-in-occlusive-lesion-of-the-aortoiliac-arterial-segment
#7
P V Mozgovoĭ, E G Spiridonov, V V Mandrikov, A A Lukovskova, D V Moiseev, P A Pirozhenko, V S Ufimtsev, A I Korotkova, A V Isaev, F N Zharkin
According to the TASC II and the Russian National Guidelines on management of patients with lower limb arterial diseases, in patients with type C and D lesions of the arterial bed performing aortofemoral bifurcation bypass grafting is preferable. Laparoscopic technique makes it possible to combine advantages of minimally invasive surgery with well-known remote results of open reconstructive operations on the aortoiliac segment. The study included a total of 54 patients undergoing treatment at the Cardiosurgical Department of Clinic No 1 of the Volgograd State Medical University over the period from January 2012 to September 2015...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475212/plant-exudates-a-previously-unreported-feature-in-the-diet-of-the-common-ringtail-possum
#8
David A De Angelis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472147/surface-reflectance-drives-nest-box-temperature-profiles-and-thermal-suitability-for-target-wildlife
#9
Stephen R Griffiths, Jessica A Rowland, Natalie J Briscoe, Pia E Lentini, Kathrine A Handasyde, Linda F Lumsden, Kylie A Robert
Thermal properties of tree hollows play a major role in survival and reproduction of hollow-dependent fauna. Artificial hollows (nest boxes) are increasingly being used to supplement the loss of natural hollows; however, the factors that drive nest box thermal profiles have received surprisingly little attention. We investigated how differences in surface reflectance influenced temperature profiles of nest boxes painted three different colors (dark-green, light-green, and white: total solar reflectance 5.9%, 64...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457329/physiological-and-operative-severity-score-for-the-enumeration-of-mortality-and-morbidity-and-modified-physiological-and-operative-severity-score-for-the-enumeration-of-mortality-and-morbidity-for-the-mortality-prediction-among-nonagenarians-undergoing-emergency
#10
Yuki Imaoka, Toshiyuki Itamoto, Hideki Nakahara, Koichi Oishi, Yasuhiro Matsugu, Takashi Urushihara
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to determine the outcomes of emergency abdominal surgery in patients aged ≥90 y and to analyze the role of Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and morbidity (POSSUM) and modified POSSUM in predicting their morbidity and mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients aged ≥90 y who underwent emergency abdominal surgery from January 2011 to December 2014 were enrolled in this study. RESULTS: A total of 36 patients satisfied the inclusion criteria...
April 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442958/physiological-and-operative-severity-score-for-the-enumeration-of-mortality-and-morbidity-scoring-systems-for-assessment-of-patient-outcome-and-impact-of-surgeons-and-anesthesiologists-performance-in-hepatopancreaticobiliary-surgery
#11
Argyro Fassoulaki, Konstantinos Chondrogiannis, Chryssoula Staikou
CONTEXT: The physiological and operative severity score for the enumeration of mortality and morbidity (POSSUM) is a scoring system used to predict morbidity and mortality. AIMS: We compared the physiological and operative risk, the expected morbidity and mortality, and the observed postoperative mortality among patients operated by different surgeons and anesthetized by different anesthesiologists. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a retrospective, single center study...
April 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408215/prevalence-genetic-diversity-and-potential-clinical-impact-of-blood-borne-and-enteric-protozoan-parasites-in-native-mammals-from-northern-australia
#12
Amanda Barbosa, Andrea Reiss, Bethany Jackson, Kristin Warren, Andrea Paparini, Graeme Gillespie, Danielle Stokeld, Peter Irwin, Una Ryan
A molecular survey was conducted to provide baseline information on the prevalence, genetic diversity and potential clinical impacts of blood-borne and enteric protozoans in native wild mammals from the Northern Territory (NT). A total of 209 blood and 167 faecal samples were collected from four target species; the northern brown bandicoot (Isoodon macrourus), common brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula), northern quoll (Dasyurus hallucatus) and brush-tailed rabbit-rat (Conilurus penicillatus). Blood samples were screened by PCR at the 18S rRNA gene for trypanosomes, piroplasms and haemogregarines, with faecal samples tested for Cryptosporidium spp...
April 4, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397980/uterine-remodelling-during-pregnancy-and-pseudopregnancy-in-the-brushtail-possum-trichosurus-vulpecula-phalangeridae
#13
Melanie K Laird, Hanon McShea, Bronwyn M McAllan, Christopher R Murphy, Michael B Thompson
The formation of a placenta is critical for successful mammalian pregnancy and requires remodelling of the uterine epithelium. In eutherian mammals, remodelling involves specific morphological changes that often correlate with the mode of embryonic attachment. Given the differences between marsupial and eutherian placentae, formation of a marsupial placenta may involve patterns of uterine remodelling that are different from those in eutherians. Here we present a detailed morphological study of the uterus of the brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula; Phalangeridae) throughout pregnancy, using both scanning and transmission electron microscopy, to identify whether uterine changes in marsupials correlate with mode of embryonic attachment as they do in eutherian mammals...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391623/cost-based-optimization-of-the-stopping-threshold-for-local-disease-surveillance-during-progressive-eradication-of-tuberculosis-from-new-zealand-wildlife
#14
A M Gormley, D P Anderson, G Nugent
Bovine tuberculosis (TB) is managed in New Zealand largely via population reduction of the major wildlife disease reservoir of Mycobacterium bovis, the introduced brushtail possum Trichosurus vulpecula. New Zealand aims to eradicate M. bovis infection from its livestock and wildlife within 40 years, as the culmination of progressive regional eradication programmes. Declarations of regional eradication are decided after extensive possum population control and post-control surveillance; hence, we developed a modelling framework, based on eco-epidemiological simulation data, to provide cost-evaluated options for deciding when to make these declarations...
April 8, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376545/endoscopic-resection-of-large-duodenal-and-papillary-lateral-spreading-lesions-is-clinically-and-economically-advantageous-compared-with-surgery
#15
Amir Klein, Golo Ahlenstiel, David J Tate, Nicholas Burgess, Arthur Richardson, Tony Pang, Karen Byth, Michael J Bourke
Background and study aims Adenomas of the duodenum and ampulla are uncommon. For lesions ≤ 20 mm in size and confined to the papillary mound, endoscopic resection is well supported by systematic study. However, for large laterally spreading lesions of the duodenum or papilla (LSL-D/P), surgery is often performed despite substantial associated morbidity and mortality. We aimed to compare actual endoscopic outcomes of such lesions and costs with those predicted for surgery using validated prediction tools...
July 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359795/estimation-of-v-possum-and-e-pass-scores-in-prediction-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-after-elective-open-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-surgery
#16
Andrzej Siemiatkowski, Agnieszka Jablonowska, Joanna Pietrewicz, Jerzy Glowinski
BACKGROUND: V-POSSUM and E-PASS scoring systems are usually used to predict morbidity and early mortality in surgical patients. We conducted this study to assess the validity of the V-POSSUM and E-PASS scores in predicting risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) development in patients undergoing elective open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. METHODS: We studied a consecutive series of 171 patients with AAA, qualified for elective open infrarenal repair. Patients underwent a thorough examination, and the physiological and surgical stress components of the V-POSSUM and E-PASS scores were calculated...
March 28, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306707/severity-of-illness-index-for-surgical-departments-in-a-cuban-hospital-a-revalidation-study
#17
Amadys Armas-Bencomo, Teddy Osmin Tamargo-Barbeito, Edelberto Fuentes-Valdés, Rosa Eugenia Jiménez-Paneque
INTRODUCTION: In the context of the evaluation of hospital services, the incorporation of severity indices allows an essential control variable for performance comparisons in time and space through risk adjustment. The severity index for surgical services was developed in 1999 and validated as a general index for surgical services. Sixteen years later the hospital context is different in many ways and a revalidation was considered necessary to guarantee its current usefulness. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity and reliability of the surgical services severity index to warrant its reasonable use under current conditions...
March 8, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274186/cochlear-implantation-under-local-anaesthesia-our-experience-and-a-validated-patient-satisfaction-questionnaire
#18
Sandeep G Mistry, Simon Carr, Jane Martin, David R Strachan, Christopher H Raine, Georgios Fyrmpas
OBJECTIVES: Cochlear implantation (CI) under local anaesthetic (LA) has previously been shown to be a successful and safe option for a specific group of patients (e.g. elderly and significant co-morbidity). We aim to discuss our practice and obtain qualitative information about patient experience from our cohort of patients at the Yorkshire Auditory Implant Service (YAIS). METHODS: Retrospective chart review to include demographics, co-morbidities and physiological parameters were recorded and used to calculate P-POSSUM (Portsmouth Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enumeration of Mortality and Morbidity) scores...
March 9, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256396/adjusted-hospital-outcomes-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-surgery-reported-in-the-dutch-surgical-aneurysm-audit
#19
N Lijftogt, A C Vahl, E D Wilschut, B H P Elsman, S Amodio, E W van Zwet, V J Leijdekkers, M W J M Wouters, J F Hamming
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The Dutch Surgical Aneurysm Audit (DSAA) is mandatory for all patients with primary abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) in the Netherlands. The aims are to present the observed outcomes of AAA surgery against the predicted outcomes by means of V-POSSUM (Vascular-Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and Morbidity). Adjusted mortality was calculated by the original and re-estimated V(physiology)-POSSUM for hospital comparisons. METHODS: All patients operated on from January 2013 to December 2014 were included for analysis...
February 28, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250670/portsmouth-physiological-and-operative-severity-score-for-the-enumeration-of-mortality-and-morbidity-scoring-system-in-general-surgical-practice-and-identifying-risk-factors-for-poor-outcome
#20
Ashish Tyagi, Nitin Nagpal, D S Sidhu, Amandeep Singh, Anjali Tyagi
BACKGROUND: Estimation of the outcome is paramount in disease stratification and subsequent management in severely ill surgical patients. Risk scoring helps us quantify the prospects of adverse outcome in a patient. Portsmouth-Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the Enumeration of Mortality and Morbidity (P-POSSUM) the world over has proved itself as a worthy scoring system and the present study was done to evaluate the feasibility of P-POSSUM as a risk scoring system as a tool in efficacious prediction of mortality and morbidity in our demographic profile...
January 2017: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
keyword
keyword
20430
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"