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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932567/the-world-health-organization-community-empowerment-model-in-addressing-food-insecurity-in-low-income-african-american-women-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
Barbara A Fowler, Joyce Newman Giger
Numerous researchers have examined the serious consequences of food insecurity and food deserts affecting the nutritional health of poor or low-income African-American women and their families. Food insecurity is defined as having limited or uncertain capacityfor acquiring sufficient, safe, and nutritious food at all times to meet one's dietary needs, while food deserts refer to economically and socially-deprived inner city areas with inadequate food supply that are often inhabited by low-income groups. Researchers have found that despite the capacity of community-level resources such as SNAP (Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program) and WIC (Women, Infants, and Children) supporting healthy nutrition, food insecurity persists among some recipients of both nutritional resources...
July 2017: Journal of National Black Nurses' Association: JNBNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921533/orthogeriatric-co-management-managing-frailty-as-well-as-fragility
#2
Giulio Pioli, Chiara Bendini, Paolo Pignedoli, Andrea Giusti, David Marsh
A high proportion of patients with fragility fracture, mainly hip fracture, have a variable degree of comorbidity and show some degree of dependence in basic or more complex activities of daily living. Evaluating these patents following the geriatric concept of frailty, about one third of hip fracture patients may be categorised as frail with high risk of poor outcomes and prolonged length of stay, one third as not frail, and about one third with an intermediate condition. Due to the high vulnerability, combined with the hip fracture event and surgical repair procedures, a multidisciplinary approach that includes geriatric competencies becomes essential to improve short and long-term outcomes after hip fracture...
April 20, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909797/a-review-of-integrated-heart-failure-care
#3
Julie MacInnes, Liz Williams
AimThe aim of this integrative review is to determine the effectiveness of integrated heart failure (HF) care in terms of patient-, service- and resource-related outcomes, and to determine what model or characteristics of integrated care work best, for whom and in what contexts. BACKGROUND: Integration of health and social care services is a significant driver in the development of better and more cost-effective health and social care systems in Europe and developed countries. As high users of health and social care services, considerable attention has been paid to the care of people with long-term conditions...
June 18, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903408/-biopsychosocial-approach-to-caregiving-burden-why-should-we-care-about-caregivers-health
#4
Antoine Leurs, Benoit Trojak, Eddy Ponavoy, Bernard Bonin, Jean-Christophe Chauvet-Gelinier
There are 11 million family caregivers in France and some estimates indicate that there will be 17 million in 2020. Caregiving is a source of chronic stress that requires adaptation and coping strategies. Caregiving may benefit the health of a caregiver with a positive coping style and altruistic goals. However, the caregiver's burden is frequently associated with negative effects in terms of biopsychosocial imbalance and medical conditions, with frequent anxiety and depression. The management of the caregiving burden starts with the recognition of health professionals - caregivers may benefit from consultation-liaison psychiatry and multidisciplinary medico-social strategies, in addition to constant support from their GPs...
June 11, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898997/revisiting-the-lyme-disease-serodiagnostic-algorithm-the-momentum-gathers
#5
Adriana R Marques
Lyme disease is a tickborne illness caused by Borreliella (Borrelia) burgdorferi and it is the most common vector-borne disease in the United States, with an estimated incidence of 300,000 cases per year. The currently recommended approach for laboratory support of the diagnosis of Lyme disease is the standard 2-tiered algorithm (STT), comprised of an enzyme-linked immunoassay (EIA) or immunofluorescence assay (IFA), followed by a Western blot (WB). The STT algorithm has low sensitivity in early infection, and there are drawbacks associated with the WB use in practice...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898727/factors-that-impact-access-to-ongoing-health-care-for-first-nation-children-with-a-chronic-condition
#6
Julieann Coombes, Kate Hunter, Tamara Mackean, Andrew J A Holland, Elizabeth Sullivan, Rebecca Ivers
BACKGROUND: Access to multidisciplinary health care services for First Nation children with a chronic condition is critical for the child's health and well-being, but disparities and inequality in health care systems have been almost impossible to eradicate for First Nation people globally. The objective of this review is to identify the factors that impact access and ongoing care for First Nation children globally with a chronic condition. METHODS: An extensive systematic search was conducted of nine electronic databases to identify primary studies that explored factors affecting access to ongoing services for First Nation children with a chronic disease or injury...
June 14, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895046/the-role-and-the-interventions-of-the-hospital-social-service-hss-for-the-integration-of-the-health-and-social-activities-a-comparative-survey-between-2008-and-2014-in-the-social-service-of-the-azienda-ospedaliera-universitaria-policlinico-umberto-i-in-rome
#7
C Trezza, M Mazzotta, D Lorenzetti, L De Vito, V Renzini
INTRODUCTION: In the Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Policlinico Umberto I in Rome, the Hospital Social Services (HSS) is located within the Directorate of Health, reporting directly to the Chief Medical Officer, providing counselling and supporting clinical services. The HSS is part of a network with its own technical, professional and assessment independence. It often serves as liaison between the hospital and the territory, facilitating the development of services and contributing to public health recovery and maintenance, therefore improving the citizens' standard of living thanks to aid projects and specific interventions...
July 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889726/evolution-of-delivery-room-management-for-meconium-stained-infants-recent-updates
#8
Shilpi Chabra
BACKGROUND: The approach to intrapartum and postnatal management of an infant born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) in the delivery room (DR) has changed several times over the last few decades, leading to confusion and anxiety among health care providers (nurses, nurse practitioners, respiratory therapists, midwives, and physicians). This article provides state-of-the-art insight into the evidence or lack thereof for the changes in guidelines. PURPOSE: To discuss the evidence for evolution of DR management of vigorous and nonvigorous infants born through any type of MSAF...
June 8, 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889165/council-on-cardiovascular-and-stroke-nursing-liaison-report
#9
Ruth E Taylor-Piliae, Anne M Fink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887033/corrigendum-to-family-support-liaison-in-the-witnessed-resuscitation-a-phenomenology-study-international-journal-of-nursing-studies-volume-74-september-2017-pages-95-100
#10
Hadi Hassankhani, Vahid Zamanzade, Azad Rahmani, Hamidreza Haririan, Joanne E Porter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874153/animal-assisted-therapy-supports-student-connectedness
#11
Jill Fedor
Animal-assisted therapy is a complementary approach to supporting the well-balanced student. In particular, therapy dogs in school can have a direct impact on students' social interactions, class participation, and behavior, as well as strengthening feelings of connectedness in school-a protective factor against risk-taking behaviors. School nurses have the unique charge of acting as liaisons between optimal health and academic success, and they can serve an integral role in animal-assisted therapy programs at school...
June 1, 2018: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869038/rush-fracture-liaison-service-for-capturing-missed-opportunities-to-treat-osteoporosis-in-patients-with-fragility-fractures
#12
M J Gupta, S Shah, S Peterson, S Baim
In spite of being a public health problem of pandemic proportions, osteoporosis continues to be underdiagnosed and undertreated especially in older adults with fragility fractures. Confirmation of this hypothesis resulted in the development of a novel Fracture Liaison Service (Rush FLS). Results of the first 12 months of operation revealed that patients with confirmed fragility fracture do not have a timely diagnosis at fracture occurrence or treatment of their disease. The Rush FLS is an effective fracture liaison model...
June 4, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867596/a-european-research-agenda-for-somatic-symptom-disorders-bodily-distress-disorders-and-functional-disorders-results-of-an-estimate-talk-estimate-delphi-expert-study
#13
Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis, Iman Elfeddali, Ursula Werneke, Ulrik F Malt, Omer Van den Bergh, Rainer Schaefert, Willem J Kop, Antonio Lobo, Michael Sharpe, Wolfgang Söllner, Bernd Löwe
Background: Somatic Symptom Disorders (SSD), Bodily Distress Disorders (BDD) and functional disorders (FD) are associated with high medical and societal costs and pose a substantial challenge to the population and health policy of Europe. To meet this challenge, a specific research agenda is needed as one of the cornerstones of sustainable mental health research and health policy for SSD, BDD, and FD in Europe. Aim: To identify the main challenges and research priorities concerning SSD, BDD, and FD from a European perspective...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860705/the-present-and-future-of-cardiac-arrest-care-international-experts-reach-out-to-caregivers-and-healthcare-authorities
#14
REVIEW
Jerry P Nolan, Robert A Berg, Clifton W Callaway, Laurie J Morrison, Vinay Nadkarni, Gavin D Perkins, Claudio Sandroni, Markus B Skrifvars, Jasmeet Soar, Kjetil Sunde, Alain Cariou
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review is to describe the epidemiology of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), disparities in organisation and outcome, recent advances in treatment and ongoing controversies. We also outline the standard of care that should be provided by the critical care specialist and propose future directions for cardiac arrest research. METHODS: Narrative review with contributions from international resuscitation experts. RESULTS: Although it is recognised that survival rates from OHCA are increasing there is considerable scope for improvement and many countries have implemented national strategies in an attempt to achieve this goal...
June 2, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797817/diagnostic-performance-and-comparative-evaluation-of-the-architect-liaison-and-platelia-epstein-barr-virus-antibody-assays
#15
Younhee Park, Borae G Park, Jihye Ha, Hyon Suk Kim
BACKGROUND: Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) is one of the most prevalent causes of viral infection in humans. EBV infection stage (acute, past, or absent infection) is typically determined using a combination of assays that detect EBV-specific markers, such as IgG and IgM antibodies against the EBV viral capsid antigen (VCA) and IgG antibodies against the EBV nuclear antigen (EBNA). We compared the diagnostic performance and agreement of results between three commercial EBV antibody assays using an EBV performance panel (SeraCare Life Science, Milford, MA, USA) as a reference...
September 2018: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788956/building-bridges-paediatric-palliative-care-in-belgium-a-secondary-data-analysis-of-annual-paediatric-liaison-team-reports-from-2010-to-2014
#16
Marie Friedel, Bénédicte Brichard, Christine Fonteyne, Marleen Renard, Jean-Paul Misson, Els Vandecruys, Corinne Tonon, Françoise Verfaillie, Georgette Hendrijckx, Nathalie Andersson, Ilse Ruysseveldt, Katrien Moens, Jean-Marie Degryse, Isabelle Aujoulat
BACKGROUND: Although continuity of care in paediatric palliative care (PPC) is considered to be an essential element of quality of care, it's implementation is challenging. In Belgium, five paediatric liaison teams (PLTs) deliver palliative care. A Royal Decree issued in 2010 provides the legal framework that defines the PLTs' missions, as ensuring continuity of curative and palliative care between the hospital and home for children diagnosed with life-limiting conditions. This national study describes how PLTs ensure continuity of care by describing their activities and the characteristics of the children they cared for from 2010 to 2014...
May 22, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785689/the-impact-of-hospital-costing-methods-on-cost-effectiveness-analysis-a-case-study
#17
José Leal, Stefania Manetti, James Buchanan
BACKGROUND: Several methods exist to cost hospital contacts when estimating the cost effectiveness of a new intervention. However, the implications of choosing a particular approach remain unclear. We compare the use of the three main diagnosis-related group (DRG)-based national unit costs in England to determine whether choice of approach can impact on economic evaluation results. METHODS: A cost-utility model was developed to compare secondary fracture prevention models of care for hip fracture patients, using data from large primary and hospital care administrative datasets in England...
May 22, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775039/update-on-neonatal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#18
(no author information available yet)
An update of the national recommendations on neonatal resuscitation elaborated by the Neonatal Resuscitation Work Area of the Fetal-Neonatal Studies Committee (CEFEN) of the Argentine Society of Pediatrics (SAP) is presented. These recommendations are original and in their elaboration, we have taken into account the best available evidence gathered by the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) as well as an exhaustive review of publications and discussions in the area to define controversial issues...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769276/analytical-comparison-of-the-architect-syphilis-tp-and-liaison-treponema-assay-automated-chemiluminescent-immunoassays-and-their-performance-in-a-reverse-syphilis-screening-algorithm
#19
Alan M Sanfilippo, Kristie Freeman, John L Schmitz
Syphilis incidence has increased in the United States since 2000 (1, 2) and remains a global public health concern (3, 4).….
May 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767436/police-interactions-and-interventions-with-suspects-flagged-as-experiencing-mental-health-problems
#20
Eddie Kane, Emily Evans, Jurgen Mitsch, Tahseen Jilani, Philip Quinlan, Jack Cattell, Najat Khalifa
BACKGROUND: Interactions between individuals experiencing mental health (MH) problems and the police are complex, and effectiveness of innovative support and diversion models in England and Wales not yet fully evaluated. AIMS/HYPOTHESES: Our aims were to examine police interactions with suspects and to measure the immediate effectiveness of police/NHS MH interventions, including liaison and diversion and embedded staff in police contact and control rooms. We hypothesised that those with an MH flag would have significantly greater benefit from such interventions than those without in terms of how far they are taken down the criminal justice pathway and how long they spend in police custody...
May 16, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
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