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Exercise therapy obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929907/management-of-obesity-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#1
M H Shojaei, S M Alaviniaa, B C Craven
CONTEXT: Individuals with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) are susceptible to central and visceral obesity and it's metabolic consequences; consensus based guidelines for obesity management after SCI have not yet been stablished. OBJECTIVES: To identify and compare effective means of obesity management among SCI individuals. METHODS: This systematic review included English and non-English articles, published prior to April 2017 found in the PubMed/Medline, Embase, CINAHL Psychinfo and Cochrane databases...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914527/locally-induced-adipose-tissue-browning-by-microneedle-patch-for-obesity-treatment
#2
Yuqi Zhang, Qiongming Liu, Jicheng Yu, Shuangjiang Yu, Jinqiang Wang, Li Qiang, Zhen Gu
Obesity is one of the most serious public health problems in the 21st century that may lead to many comorbidities such as type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. Current treatments toward obesity including diet, physical exercise, pharmacological therapy, as well as surgeries are always associated with low effectiveness or undesired systematical side effects. In order to enhance treatment efficiency with minimized side effects, we developed a transcutaneous browning agent patch to locally induce adipose tissue transformation...
September 15, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911059/forcing-the-vicious-circle-sarcopenia-increases-toxicity-decreases-response-to-chemotherapy-and-worsens-with-chemotherapy
#3
F Bozzetti
Sarcopenia has recently emerged as a new condition that, independently from malnutrition, may adversely affect the prognosis of cancer patients. Purpose of this narrative review is to define the prevalence of sarcopenia in different primaries, its role in leading to chemotherapy toxicity and decreased compliance with the oncological therapy and the effect of some drugs on the onset of sarcopenia. Finally, the review aims to describe the current approaches to restore the muscle mass through nutrition, exercise and anti-inflammatory agents or multimodal programmes with a special emphasis on the results of randomized controlled trials...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898708/cue-exposure-therapy-reduces-overeating-of-exposed-and-non-exposed-foods-in-obese-adolescents
#4
Ghislaine Schyns, Anne Roefs, Fren T Y Smulders, Anita Jansen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study tested whether two sessions of food cue exposure therapy reduced eating in the absence of hunger (EAH), specified for exposed and non-exposed food, in overweight and obese adolescents, and whether habituation of food cue reactivity and reduced CS-US expectancies predicted a decrease in EAH. METHODS: 41 overweight adolescents (aged 12-18 years) were randomly assigned to a cue exposure intervention or a lifestyle intervention (control condition)...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883731/antipsychotic-associated-weight-gain-management-strategies-and-impact-on-treatment-adherence
#5
REVIEW
Madhubhashinee Dayabandara, Raveen Hanwella, Suhashini Ratnatunga, Sudarshi Seneviratne, Chathurie Suraweera, Varuni A de Silva
Antipsychotic-induced weight gain is a major management problem for clinicians. It has been shown that weight gain and obesity lead to increased cardiovascular and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality, reduced quality of life and poor drug compliance. This narrative review discusses the propensity of various antipsychotics to cause weight gain, the pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic interventions available to counteract this effect and its impact on adherence. Most antipsychotics cause weight gain. The risk appears to be highest with olanzapine and clozapine...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875050/development-and-evaluation-of-an-obesity-ontology-for-social-big-data-analysis
#6
Ae Ran Kim, Hyeoun-Ae Park, Tae-Min Song
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate an obesity ontology as a framework for collecting and analyzing unstructured obesity-related social media posts. METHODS: The obesity ontology was developed according to the 'Ontology Development 101'. The coverage rate of the developed ontology was examined by mapping concepts and terms of the ontology with concepts and terms extracted from obesity-related Twitter postings. The structure and representative ability of the ontology was evaluated by nurse experts...
July 2017: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862533/improvements-in-cardiometabolic-risk-markers-aerobic-fitness-and-functional-performance-following-a-physical-therapy-weight-loss-program
#7
Ahmad Sabbahi, Ross Arena, Joel Woldt, Ben Wax, Steven Mauk, Frederic Wolner, Shane A Phillips
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to determine the efficacy of a current physical therapy and weight loss program model on exercise performance, physical function, and cardiometabolic risk factors in obese patients. DESIGN: Retrospective pre-post design. SUBJECTS: A total of 192 patients who previously underwent testing of anthropometric measurements, cardiovascular biomarkers, and lower extremity function scale (LEFS) were included...
September 1, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836234/weight-management-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-and-obesity
#8
REVIEW
Adham Mottalib, Megan Kasetty, Jessica Y Mar, Taha Elseaidy, Sahar Ashrafzadeh, Osama Hamdy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) are typically viewed as lean individuals. However, recent reports showed that their obesity rate surpassed that of the general population. Patients with T1D who show clinical signs of type 2 diabetes such as obesity and insulin resistance are considered to have "double diabetes." This review explains the mechanisms of weight gain in patients with T1D and how to manage it. RECENT FINDINGS: Weight management in T1D can be successfully achieved in real-world clinical practice...
August 23, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818261/contemporary-medical-therapies-of-atherosclerotic-carotid-artery-disease
#9
REVIEW
Suk F Cheng, Martin M Brown
Contemporary medical therapy consists of identification and treatment of all patient-modifiable vascular risk factors. Specific atherosclerotic disease therapies are designed to reduce the risk of thrombosis, and the disease progression in order to reduce the risk of future cardiovascular events. Contemporary medical management emphasizes the need to support the patient in achieving lifestyle modifications and to adjust medication to achieve individualized target values for specific quantifiable risk factors...
March 2017: Seminars in Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814391/filling-the-void-a-role-for-exercise-induced-bdnf-and-brain-amyloid-precursor-protein-processing
#10
Rebecca Ek MacPherson
Inactivity, obesity, and insulin resistance are significant risk factors for the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Several studies have demonstrated that diet induced obesity, inactivity, and insulin resistance exacerbates neuropathological hallmarks of AD. The aggregation of beta-amyloid peptides is one of these hallmarks. Beta-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) is the rate-limiting enzyme in amyloid precursor protein (APP) processing, leading to beta-amyloid peptide formation...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801068/lepr-polymorphism-may-affect-energy-balance-during-weight-loss-among-brazilians-obese-adolescents
#11
Flávia Campos Corgosinho, Sandro Soares Almeida, Lian Tock, João Bosco Pesquero, Ronaldo Carvalho Araújo, Ana Paula Grotti Clemente, Bárbara Dal'Molin Netto, Raquel Munhoz da Silveira Campos, Deborah Cristina Landi Masquio, Joana Pereira de Carvalho Ferreira, Priscila de Lima Sanches, Aline de Piano Ganen, Marcelo Macedo Rogero, Lila Missae Oyama, Sergio Tufik, Marco Túlio de Mello, Ana Raimunda Dâmaso
OBJECTIVE: Leptin is an adipokine released mainly by adipose tissue, with many functions including regulation of energy balance. However, little is known about the effect of LEPR polymorphism on orexigenic and anorexigenic neuropeptides. Thus, the aim of the present study is to verify the influence of LEPR polymorphism (rs2767485) on serum orexigenic (NPY, MCH and AgRP) and anorexigenic (Leptin and α-MSH) neuropeptides levels among obese adolescents submitted to 1year of multicomponent weight loss therapy...
August 2, 2017: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801055/therapy-with-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-or-conditioned-medium-reverse-cardiac-alterations-in-a-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-model
#12
P S Daltro, B C Barreto, P G Silva, P Chenaud Neto, P H F Sousa Filho, D Santana Neta, G B Carvalho, D N Silva, B D Paredes, A C de Alcantara, L A R Freitas, R D Couto, R R Santos, B S F Souza, M B P Soares, S G Macambira
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with numerous cardiac complications, including arrhythmias, cardiac fibrosis, remodeling and heart failure. Here we evaluated the therapeutic potential of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) and their conditioned medium (CM) to treat cardiac complications in a mouse model of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. METHODS: After obesity induction and HFD withdrawal, obese mice were treated with MSCs, CM or vehicle. Cardiac function was assessed using electrocardiography, echocardiography and treadmill test...
August 8, 2017: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791499/long-term-peripheral-neuropathy-symptoms-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#13
Moaath Mustafa Ali, Machelle Moeller, Lisa Rybicki, Halle C F Moore
PURPOSE: Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is a common and distressing complication from chemotherapy. Symptoms often, but not always, improve with time. The prevalence of long-term PN symptoms in breast cancer survivors is not well known. We sought to explore PN symptoms and associated risk factors among breast cancer survivors at least 2 years out from diagnosis. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional retrospective study investigating the prevalence of patient-reported numbness, tingling, and anesthesia symptoms as a surrogate for PN in breast cancer survivors...
August 8, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760220/weight-and-type-2-diabetes-new-recommendations
#14
Ricardo Gómez Huelgas
Most patients with type 2 diabetes have excess adiposity. There is wide consensus that adequate treatment of type 2 diabetes requires a simultaneous approach to overweight/obesity and the remaining cardiovascular risk factors. Non-pharmacological interventions (diet, exercise) represent the cornerstone of the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes. Weight loss through lifestyle modification has shown clear benefits in these patients, requiring an individualised and multidisciplinary approach with structured programmes endowed with specific resources...
November 2016: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755177/evidence-base-for-multidisciplinary-care-of-pediatric-adolescent-bariatric-surgery-patients
#15
REVIEW
Mohamed O Elahmedi, Aayed R Alqahtani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Severe childhood obesity, defined as having a body mass index (BMI) greater than the 99th percentile for age and gender, is rising in most countries and is associated with early morbidity and mortality. Optimal management of the health of the child with obesity requires a multidisciplinary approach that identifies and treats associated derangements. RECENT FINDINGS: Lifestyle interventions such as diet, exercise, and behavioral therapy for the severely obese pediatric patient are generally not effective...
July 28, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698349/a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-periodised-resistance-training-and-protein-supplementation-intervention-in-prostate-cancer-survivors-on-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#16
Jacqueline L Kiwata, Tanya B Dorff, E Todd Schroeder, George J Salem, Christianne J Lane, Judd C Rice, Mitchell E Gross, Christina M Dieli-Conwright
INTRODUCTION: Prostate cancer survivors (PCS) receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) experience deleterious side effects such as unfavourable changes in cardiometabolic factors that lead to sarcopenic obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS). While loss of lean body mass (LBM) compromises muscular strength and quality of life, MetS increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and may influence cancer recurrence. Exercise can improve LBM and strength, and may serve as an alternative to the pharmacological management of MetS in PCS on ADT...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690985/metabolic-syndrome-induced-by-anticancer-treatment-in-childhood-cancer-survivors
#17
REVIEW
Hee Won Chueh, Jae Ho Yoo
The number of childhood cancer survivors is increasing as survival rates improve. However, complications after treatment have not received much attention, particularly metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome comprises central obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and insulin resistance, and cancer survivors have higher risks of cardiovascular events compared with the general population. The mechanism by which cancer treatment induces metabolic syndrome is unclear. However, its pathophysiology can be categorized based on the cancer treatment type administered...
June 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689444/ethnic-variations-on-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-evidence-based-first-line-interventions
#18
Joy Blumberg, Victoria Ballares, Jessica L Durbin
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To analyze the cultural and ethnic impact of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), report the associated complications, and investigate how lifestyle interventions are effective in preventing these associated complications. METHODS: A literature review was conducted using online databases like CINAHL and Cochrane review. Findings were limited to journal articles published between 2012 and 2017. Irrelevant and relevant articles were determined by research topic, specific population, and type of interventions...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684221/exercise-training-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-heart-failure
#19
REVIEW
Nitin Kondamudi, Mark Haykowsky, Daniel E Forman, Jarett D Berry, Ambarish Pandey
Heart failure (HF) results in high healthcare costs and burdens for the United States in respects to hospitalizations, therapies, and associated disability. The relative proportion of HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) compared with HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is on the rise; HFpEF has already become the dominant form of HF and it continues to increase. The serious implications of these trends are compounded by a dearth of effective HFpEF therapies. While low physical activity, low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and obesity, are risk factors for HF in general, they particularly predispose to HFpEF...
June 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682886/exercise-overcome-adverse-effects-among-prostate-cancer-patients-receiving-androgen-deprivation-therapy-an-update-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Gao Yunfeng, He Weiyang, He Xueyang, Huang Yilong, Gou Xin
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) patients initiating androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) are suffering from adverse effects; exercise has been proposed as a treatment to relieve adverse effects of ADT, available meta-analysis has proved exercise improves quality of life, and therapy caused fatigue; recently, some high-quality trials have been conducted in order to get more assessment; we conduct an updated meta-analysis to evaluate feasibility that exercise relieves adverse effects in PCa patients initiating ADT...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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