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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727672/cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-assist-device-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Toufik Mahfood Haddad, Alok Saurav, Aiman Smer, Muhammad S Azzouz, Abhilash Akinapelli, Mark A Williams, Venkata M Alla
PURPOSE: Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (EBCR) has been demonstrated to improve functional capacity in heart failure (HF). However, there are limited data on the effect of EBCR in patients with advanced HF and left ventricular assist devices (LVADs). This meta-analysis sought to evaluate the effects of EBCR on functional capacity in patients with LVAD. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for randomized studies assessing the impact of EBCR in patients following LVAD implantation compared with standard therapy (ST)...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727585/closed-continuous-irrigation-with-lidocaine-and-immediate-mobilization-for-treatment-of-pyogenic-tenosynovitis
#2
Rebecca Knackstedt, Joyce Tyler, Steven Bernard
Pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis treatment consists of either closed continuous irrigation with sterile saline or antibiotic solution, or open debridement and irrigation. These treatment approaches serve to resolve the infection, but are extremely painful and residual stiffness can be devastating to the patient. We describe herein our approach to managing pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis. To provide continuous irrigation, a butterfly catheter with needle removed is utilized with irrigation holes cut into the tubing...
July 19, 2017: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725111/oxidative-stress-and-food-supplementation-with-antioxidants-in-therapy-dogs
#3
Sara Sechi, Filippo Fiore, Francesca Chiavolelli, Corrado Dimauro, Anna Nudda, Raffaella Cocco
The objective of this study was to evaluate the ability of a long-term antioxidant-supplemented diet to regulate the oxidative stress and general health status of dogs involved in animal-assisted intervention (AAI) programs. Oxidative stress is a consequence of the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Exercise-induced oxidative stress can increase muscle fatigue and fiber damage and eventually leads to impairment of the immune system. A randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover clinical evaluation was conducted with 11 healthy therapy dogs: 6 females and 5 males of different breeds and with a mean age of 2...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724842/short-term-effect-of-back-school-based-on-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-involving-multidisciplinary-collaboration
#4
Ryo Motoya, Koji Otani, Takuya Nikaido, Yoko Ono, Takatomo Matsumoto, Ryohei Yamagishi, Shoji Yabuki, Shin-Ichi Konno, Shin-Ichi Niwa, Hirooki Yabe
ObjectivesThe purpose of this study was to develop a comprehensive back school program that included elements of CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy), implement this through multidisciplinary collaboration, and ascertain its effectiveness as a pilot study. DesignThis school was implemented in the form of five 90-minute group sessions held every other week.MethodsParticipants comprised 7 chronic low back pain patients with poor improvement in the usual treatment. Practitioners were orthopaedic surgeon, physical therapist, and a clinical psychologist...
July 20, 2017: Fukushima Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723517/practice-patterns-compared-with-evidence-based-strategies-for-the-management-of-androgen-deprivation-therapy-induced-side-effects-in-prostate-cancer-patients-results-of-a-european-web-based-survey
#5
Renée Bultijnck, Cristian Surcel, Guillaume Ploussard, Alberto Briganti, Pieter De Visschere, Jurgen Fütterer, Pirus Ghadjar, Gianluca Giannarini, Hendrik Isbarn, Christophe Massard, Prasanna Sooriakumaran, Massimo Valerio, Roderick van den Bergh, Piet Ost
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based recommendations are available for the management of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT)-induced side effects; however, there are no data on the implementation of the recommendations into daily practice patterns. OBJECTIVE: To compare practice patterns in the management of ADT-induced side effects with evidence-based strategies. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A European Web-based survey was conducted from January 16, 2015, to June 24, 2015...
December 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723375/the-effects-of-exercise-on-fatigue-quality-of-life-and-psychological-function-for-men-with-prostate-cancer-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#6
REVIEW
Vishal Vashistha, Balwinder Singh, Sukhdeep Kaur, Larry J Prokop, Dharam Kaushik
CONTEXT: Conflicting data exists on the role of exercise interventions in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) regarding quality of life (QOL) endpoints. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of exercise interventions on fatigue, QOL, depression, and anxiety in PCa patients. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We searched seven major databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Web of Science, and Scopus) for randomized control trials (RCTs) of supervised exercise interventions for men with PCa from database inception to October 2015...
August 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720119/calcified-amorphous-tumor-of-the-heart-with-mitral-annular-calcification-a-case-report
#7
Ryo Nakamaru, Hiroki Oe, Katsuomi Iwakura, Takafumi Masai, Kenshi Fujii
BACKGROUND: Calcified amorphous tumor of the heart is a rare, non-neoplastic cardiac mass characterized by nodular calcium in the background of amorphous degenerating fibrinous material. Clinical diagnosis of calcified amorphous tumor can be difficult, and current single imaging techniques do not specifically differentiate calcified amorphous tumor from other cardiac tumors such as calcified atrial myxoma, calcified thrombi, or vegetation. Complete surgical resection is the treatment of choice for both symptom improvement and prevention of embolization, as well as for pathological diagnosis...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718864/-cognitive-behavioral-group-therapy-addressing-fear-of-progression-in-cancer-out-patients
#8
Bärbel Rudolph, Alexander Wünsch, Peter Herschbach, Andreas Dinkel
Fear of progression (FoP) is an appropriate, rational response to the real threat of cancer and its treatments. However, patients experiencing elevated, dysfunctional levels of FoP often feel severely distressed and are in need of treatment. We previously conducted a (partly-)randomized controlled study with cancer patients undergoing in-patient rehabilitation and showed that a brief, four-session cognitive-behavioral group therapy significantly reduced dysfunctional FoP. In this report, we describe the adaption of the cognitive-behavioral group therapy program for use with cancer out-patients...
June 29, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717115/coronary-artery-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Ryo Naito, Katsumi Miyauchi
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a major risk factor of coronary artery diseases (CAD). Clinical outcomes in CAD with T2DM are poor despite improvement in medications and intervention devices. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is superior to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in treating diabetic patients with multivessel coronary artery diseases (MVD). However, selecting a revascularization strategy should depend not only on the lesion complexity but also on the patient's background and comorbidities...
July 14, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716955/acute-exercise-enhances-the-consolidation-of-fear-extinction-memory-and-reduces-conditioned-fear-relapse-in-a-sex-dependent-manner
#10
Courtney A Bouchet, Brian A Lloyd, Esteban C Loetz, Caroline E Farmer, Mykola Ostrovskyy, Natalie Haddad, Rebecca M Foright, Benjamin N Greenwood
Fear extinction-based exposure therapy is the most common behavioral therapy for anxiety and trauma-related disorders, but fear extinction memories are labile and fear tends to return even after successful extinction. The relapse of fear contributes to the poor long-term efficacy of exposure therapy. A single session of voluntary exercise can enhance the acquisition and consolidation of fear extinction in male rats, but the effects of exercise on relapse of fear after extinction are not well understood. Here, we characterized the effects of 2 h of voluntary exercise during the consolidation phase of contextual or auditory fear extinction learning on long-term fear extinction memory and renewal in adult, male and female, Long-Evans rats...
August 2017: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716796/clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-progressive-exercise-compared-with-best-practice-advice-with-or-without-corticosteroid-injection-for-the-treatment-of-rotator-cuff-disorders-protocol-for-a-2x2-factorial-randomised-controlled-trial-the-grasp-trial
#11
Sally Hopewell, David J Keene, Michael Maia Schlüssel, Melina Dritsaki, Susan Dutton, Andrew Carr, William Hamilton, Zara Hansen, Anju Jaggi, Chris Littlewood, Hessam Soutakbar, Peter Heine, Lucy Cureton, Karen Barker, Sarah E Lamb
INTRODUCTION: Shoulder pain is very common, with around 70% of cases due to disorders of the rotator cuff. Despite widespread provision of physiotherapy, there is uncertainty about which type of exercise and delivery mechanisms are associated with best outcomes. There is also uncertainty around the long-term benefits and harms of corticosteroid injection therapy, which is often used in addition to physiotherapy. The Getting it Right: Addressing Shoulder Pain trial will assess the clinical and cost-effectiveness of individually tailored, progressive exercise compared with best practice advice, with or without corticosteroid injection, in adults with a rotator cuff disorder...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716654/exercise-interventions-for-individuals-with-advanced-cancer-a-systematic-review
#12
Kim L Dittus, Robert E Gramling, Philip A Ades
Despite improvements in therapy a large proportion of individuals with cancer will have a shortened life expectancy because of advanced or metastatic disease. Advances in therapy have however, extended life in those with advanced cancer thus heightening the importance of living well and preventing decline. The burdens of disease and cancer therapy impair aerobic fitness, strength, physical function and quality of life (QOL). Fatigue, the most common side effect of cancer and cancer therapy can further deteriorate QOL...
July 14, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716336/relation-of-exercise-capacity-to-risk-of-development-of-diabetes-in-patients-on-statin-therapy-the-henry-ford-exercise-testing-project
#13
Gabriel E Shaya, Stephen P Juraschek, David I Feldman, Clinton A Brawner, Jonathan K Ehrman, Steven J Keteyian, Mouaz H Al-Mallah, Michael J Blaha
High exercise capacity (EC) has been associated with a lower risk of incident diabetes, whereas statin therapy has been associated with a higher risk. We sought to investigate whether the association between EC and diabetes risk is modified by statin therapy. This retrospective cohort study included 47,337 patients without diabetes or coronary artery disease at baseline (age 53 ± 13 years, 48% women, 66% white) who underwent clinical treadmill stress testing within the Henry Ford Health System from January 1, 1991, to May 31, 2009...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715596/influence-of-physical-exercise-on-%C3%AE-amyloid-%C3%AE-synuclein-and-tau-accumulation-an-in-vitro-model-of-oxidative-stress-in-human-red-blood-cells
#14
C Iofrida, S Daniele, D Pietrobono, J Fusi, F Galetta, M L Trincavelli, U Bonuccelli, F Franzoni, C Martini
A common pathological feature of neurodegenerative disorders (NDs), such as Alzheimer's (AD) and Parkinson's (PD) diseases, is the abnormal accumulation and misfolding of specific proteins, primarily α-synuclein (α-syn), β-amyloid1-42 (Aβ) and tau, in brain and in peripheral tissues too. Oxidative stress has been proved to be involved in NDs at various levels and, in particular, in such protein alterations, on the contrary physical activity is emerging as a counteracting factor in NDs. In the present work, the content of Aβ, α-syn and tau in red blood cells (RBCs) derived from ten endurance athletes (ATHL) and ten sedentary volunteers (SED) were compared before and after in vitrooxidative stress treatment...
July 1, 2017: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714404/current-and-emerging-strategies-in-osteoporosis-management
#15
Stefka Ivanova, Liliya Vasileva
The abnormal loss of bone tissue is defined as osteoporosis. Increased risk of fractures, low bone mineral density (BMD) and loss of the structural and biomechanical properties of the bone tissue characterize this pathological condition. Physiologically bone undergoes a continuous remodeling process involving balance between the activity of osteoblast and osteoclast. Disruption in this balanced condition increases the risk of osteoporosis. Both sexes are affected, but with higher prevalence in women after menopause...
July 14, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713116/therapeutic-evaluation-of-cervical-dysfunction-in-patients-with-myofascial-pain-dysfunction-syndrome-a-prospective-study
#16
B Smriti Jagdhari, Motwani Mukta, A Golhar Saket, Anil V Golhar
AIM: The aim of this study was to find out the therapeutic correlation between cervical dysfunction and myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome (MPDS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 46 patients out of which 23 had MPDS with cervical pain (group I), and 23 patients had only MPDS (group II). Detailed history and examination of the patients were carried out, and the factors taken into consideration were pain and tenderness of muscles of mastication and neck muscles, maximum comfortable mouth opening, and cervical range of motion...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710540/home-based-exercise-during-preoperative-therapy-for-pancreatic-cancer
#17
An Ngo-Huang, Nathan H Parker, Xuemei Wang, Maria Q B Petzel, David Fogelman, Keri L Schadler, Eduardo Bruera, Jason B Fleming, Jeffrey E Lee, Matthew H G Katz
PURPOSE: Exercise concurrent with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and/or chemoradiation for pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) may mitigate the decline in function that may occur as a result of the disease or its treatment in the preoperative period. The primary objective of this single-arm prospective trial was to determine adherence to a home-based exercise program administered during preoperative therapy. METHODS: Twenty patients from a quaternary cancer center with potentially resectable PDAC were enrolled...
July 15, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708742/physical-therapy-and-exercise-interventions-in-huntington-s-disease-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review-protocol
#18
Lori Quinn, Monica Busse, Judith Carrier, Nora Fritz, Jane Harden, Lynda Hartel, Deb Kegelmeyer, Anne Kloos, Ashwini Rao
The review seeks to evaluate the effectiveness of physical therapy and exercise interventions in Huntington's disease (HD). The review question is: What is the effectiveness of physiotherapy and therapeutic exercise interventions in people with HD, and what are patients', families' and caregivers' perceptions of these interventions?The specific objectives are:This mixed methods review seeks to develop an aggregated synthesis of quantitative, qualitative and narrative systematic reviews on physiotherapy and exercise interventions in HD, in an attempt to derive conclusions and recommendations useful for clinical practice and policy decision-making...
July 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708268/screening-protocols-to-monitor-respiratory-status-in-primary-immunodeficiency-disease-findings-from-a-european-survey-and-subclinical-infection-working-group
#19
Stephen Jolles, Silvia Sánchez-Ramón, Isabella Quinti, Pere Soler-Palacín, Carlo Agostini, Benoit Florkin, Louis-Jean Couderc, Nicholas Brodszki, Alison Jones, Hilary Longhurst, Klaus Warnatz, Filomeen Haerynck, Andrea Matucci, Esther de Vries
Many patients with primary immunodeficiency (PID) who have antibody deficiency develop progressive lung disease due to underlying subclinical infection and inflammation. To understand how these patients are monitored we conducted a retrospective survey based on patient records of 13 PID centres across Europe, regarding the care of 1,061 adult and 178 paediatric patients with PID on IgG replacement. The most common diagnosis was common variable immunodeficiency in adults (75%), and hypogammaglobulinaemia in children (39%)...
July 14, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708228/clinical-and-subclinical-cardiac-late-effects-in-pediatric-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-survivors
#20
Carlo Materazzo, Maura Massimino, Elisabetta Schiavello, Marta Podda, Lorenza Gandola, Graziella Cefalo, Serena Catania, Cristina Meazza, Ivan Moschetti, Monica Terenziani
PURPOSE: Cardiac late effects are responsible for a significant burden of mortality and morbidity among pediatric Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) survivors (HLS). The aim of our study was to assess clinical and subclinical cardiac sequelae in a cohort of childhood HLS treated in the 1980s with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (the ABVD regimen) and limited-field radiotherapy (RT). METHODS: We retrospectively examined a series of HLS treated from 1979 to 1989...
July 8, 2017: Tumori
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