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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356425/is-there-different-risk-of-cancer-among-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-and-peritoneal-dialysis
#1
Yi-Che Lee, Shih-Yuan Hung, Hao-Kuang Wang, Chi-Wei Lin, Hsi-Hao Wang, Min-Yu Chang, Junne-Ming Sung, Yuan-Yow Chiou, Sheng-Hsiang Lin
Cancer is a global issue in recent decade. Despite this alarming increase in the incidence of cancer, to date, whether the risk of developing cancer differs among peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD) patients is still uncertain. In this retrospective cohort study, data were obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan, which provides coverage to almost 99% of the nation's population. After matching, a total of 4491 (or 3369) incident PD patients and 8982 (or 6738) incident HD patients between 2000 and 2009 were enrolled from the database...
January 22, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356402/captivity-effects-on-immune-response-and-steroid-plasma-levels-of-a-brazilian-toad-rhinella-schneideri
#2
Stefanny Christie Monteiro Titon, Vania Regina Assis, Braz Titon Junior, Bruna de Oliveira Cassettari, Pedro Augusto Carlos Magno Fernandes, Fernando Ribeiro Gomes
Stressors can increase plasma glucocorticoid (GC) levels and decrease plasma androgen levels in different species of vertebrates. GCs can have immune-enhancing or immunosuppressive effects, which are dependent upon stress duration and intensity. The worldwide decline in amphibian populations is strongly linked to an array of different stressors. The impacts of stress on GCs, androgens, and the immune response are important to clarify and should lead to the better development of conservation strategies. The present study in adult male toads of Rhinella schneideri investigated the effects of captivity (7, 30, and 60 days) on plasma corticosterone (CORT) and plasma testosterone (T), as well as innate immune responses, specifically humoral and cell mediated responses, as indicated by bacterial killing ability (BKA) and phagocytosis by peritoneal cells, respectively...
February 2017: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological and Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356227/efficacy-of-peritoneal-dialysis-in-neonates-presenting-with-hyperammonaemia-due-to-urea-cycle-defects-and-organic-acidaemia
#3
Muhittin Celik, Osman Akdeniz, Nezir Ozgun
AIM: Newborns with inborn errors of metabolism can present with hyperammonaemic coma. In this study, we evaluated the effect of peritoneal dialysis on plasma ammonium levels and on the short-term outcome in neonatal patients with urea cycle defects and organic acidaemia. METHODS: Data from infants with hyperammonaemia due to urea cycle defects or organic acidaemia treated with dialysis were collected and retrospectively analysed. The results of patient groups (group I, survived; and group II, died) were compared...
January 22, 2018: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355970/comparison-of-open-and-closed-abdomen-techniques-for-the-delivery-of-intraperitoneal-pemetrexed-using-a-murine-model
#4
David Badrudin, Lucas Sideris, Camille Perrault-Mercier, Julien Hubert, François A Leblond, Pierre Dubé
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pemetrexed is an appealing agent to use for cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). However, the optimal method of pemetrexed delivery still remains undefined. Using a murine model, we compared the use of open and closed abdomen techniques on the absorption of intraperitoneal (IP) pemetrexed in different compartments. METHODS: Eleven Sprague-Dawley rats were submitted to a fixed dose of IP pemetrexed (1000 mg/m2 ) at a perfusion temperature of 40°C during 25 min according to two techniques: open and closed...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355744/iatrogenic-peritonitis-following-an-incident-during-ablation-of-a-pedicle-screw
#5
P Cottin, N Mebtouche, G Pourcher, N Devaquet, T Bégué, P Trouiller, B Sztrymf
Immediate complications can arise due to faulty implantation of material during fusion procedures, but none have been reported in connection with ablation of material in the spine. We report a case of intraperitoneal migration of a pedicle screw during attempted removal. It crossed the psoas muscle and perforated a small-intestine loop, triggering hemorrhagic shock and peritonitis by perforation. We analyze the causes and mechanisms underlying this exceptional case of migration, with a view to sharing preventive measures...
January 16, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355719/procancerogenic-activity-of-senescent-cells-a-case-of-the-peritoneal-mesothelium
#6
REVIEW
Justyna Mikuła-Pietrasik, Łukasz Stryczyński, Paweł Uruski, Andrzej Tykarski, Krzysztof Książek
Human peritoneal mesothelial cells belong to a narrow group of somatic cells in which both the triggers and the mechanisms of senescence have already been well defined. Importantly, senescent mesothelial cells have been found in the peritoneal cavity in vivo. From a clinical point of view, peritoneal mesothelial cells have been recognized as playing a critical role in the intraperitoneal development of tumor metastases. The pro-cancerogenic behavior of mesothelial cells is even more pronounced when the cells exhaust their proliferative capacity and become senescent...
January 17, 2018: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355165/comparison-of-efficacy-of-cell-block-versus-conventional-smear-study-in-exudative-fluids
#7
Sandeep S Matreja, Kamal Malukani, Shirish S Nandedkar, Amit V Varma, Anjali Saxena, Arpita Ajmera
INTRODUCTION: Cytological examination of serous effusions helps in staging, prognostication and management of patients with malignancy. The method has disadvantage of lower sensitivity in differentiating reactive atypical mesothelial cells from malignant cells. AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the cytological features of pleural and peritoneal exudative fluids by conventional smear (CS) method and cell block (CB) method and also to assess the utility of a combined approach for cytodiagnosis of these effusions...
October 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354603/is-the-location-of-the-tumor-another-prognostic-factor-for-patients-with-colon-cancer
#8
Myung-Kyu Jung, Ui Sup Shin, Young-Jun Ki, Yong-Bae Kim, Sun-Mi Moon, Se-Jin Sung
Purpose: In this study, we investigated both the characteristics of right colon cancer (RTCC) in comparison with those of left colon cancer (LTCC) and the impact of the location of the colon cancer on the prognosis. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the cases of 974 patients with nonmetastatic colon cancer who had undergone surgery with a curative intent from January 2001 to December 2011. RTCC was defined as a tumor located proximal to the splenic flexure. The characteristics of RTCC cancer were investigated by using descriptive analyses, and their impacts on the prognosis were assessed by using a Cox multivariate regression...
December 2017: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354299/ameliorative-effects-of-type-a-procyanidins-polyphenols-from-cinnamon-bark-in-compound-48-80-induced-mast-cell-degranulation
#9
Amit D Kandhare, Urmila M Aswar, Vishwaraman Mohan, Prasad A Thakurdesai
Allergic diseases are a significant health concern in developing countries. Type-A procyanidin polyphenols from cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume) bark (TAPP-CZ) possesses antiasthmatic and antiallergic potential. The present study was aimed at the possible anti-allergic mechanism of TAPP-CZ against the compound 48/80 (C48/80)-induced mast cell degranulation in isolated rat peritoneal mast cells (RPMCs). TAPP-CZ (1, 3, 10, and 30 µg/ml) was incubated for 3 hours with isolated, purified RPMCs. The C48/80 (1 µg/ml) was used to induce mast cell degranulation...
December 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353900/prevalence-of-tuberculosis-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#10
Dilip Sharma, Sudhamshu Kc, Bikash Jaisi
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that patients with liver cirrhosis are more susceptible to tuberculosis because of immune dysfunction; however there are only limited data. We carried out this study to know the prevalence and clinical characteristics of tuberculosis in patients with liver cirrhosis. METHODS: In this retrospective study, medical files of 200 consecutive patients admitted with diagnosis of liver cirrhosis in the medical ward of liver unit, Bir Hospital from January 2011 to December 2014 were evaluated for the presence of TB and clinical characteristics of these patients were analyzed...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353856/-pneumatosis-cystoides-intestinalis-pci-with-sigmoid-volvulus-a-case-potentially-associated-with-lymphatic-vessels
#11
Haruyasu Honda, Seiichi Hayashi, Toshihisa Tsukadaira, Yasuhiro Sekiguchi
An 80-year-old woman was brought to our hospital in an ambulance because of signs of peritoneal irritation. Computed tomography revealed volvulus, sigmoid colon dilation, and free air and pneumatosis within the colonic and bowel wall. An emergency laparotomy was performed after the diagnosis of colonic perforation associated with volvulus or pneumatosis. Numerous gas-filled cysts, up to 10mm in diameter, were located in the resected bowel wall. The cells at the inner lining of the cysts tested positive for D2-40 immunoreactivity, seemingly originating from the lymphatic vessels...
2018: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353527/irrigation-versus-suction-alone-in-laparoscopic-appendectomy-is-dilution-the-solution-to-pollution-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Shahab Hajibandeh, Shahin Hajibandeh, Adam Kelly, Jigar Shah, Rao Muhammad Asaf Khan, Nilanjan Panda, Moustafa Mansour, Sohail Malik, Sanjay Dalmia
OBJECTIVES: To investigate outcomes of peritoneal irrigation versus suction without irrigation in patients undergoing emergency laparoscopic appendectomy. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and conducted a search of electronic information sources to identify all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies investigating outcomes of irrigation versus suction alone in patients undergoing emergency laparoscopic appendectomy. We used the Cochrane risk of bias tool and the Newcastle-Ottawa scale to assess the risk of bias of RCTs and observational studies, respectively...
January 1, 2018: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353306/toxoplasma-gondii-antigen-sag2a-differentially-modulates-il-1%C3%AE-expression-in-resistant-and-susceptible-murine-peritoneal-cells
#13
Jamilly Azevedo Leal-Sena, Jane Lima Dos Santos, Thaise Anne Rocha Dos Santos, Edson Mário de Andrade, Tiago Antônio de Oliveira Mendes, Juliano Oliveira Santana, Tiago Wilson Patriarca Mineo, José Roberto Mineo, Jair Pereira da Cunha-Júnior, Carlos Priminho Pirovani
The cell surface of Toxoplasma gondii is covered by antigens (SAGs) from the SRS family anchored by glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) and includes antigens from the SAG2 family. Among these, the SAG2A surface antigen shows great potential in activating humoral responses and has been used in characterizing the acute phase of infection and in the serological diagnosis of toxoplasmosis. In this study, we aimed to evaluate rSAG2A-induced proteins in BALB/c and C57BL/c mice macrophages and to evaluate the phenotypic polarization induced in the process...
January 20, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352430/correction-to-clinical-surveillance-after-macroscopically-complete-surgery-for-low-grade-appendiceal-mucinous-neoplasms-lamn-with-or-without-limited-peritoneal-spread-long-term-results-in-a-prospective-series
#14
Marcello Guaglio, Snita Sinukumar, Shigeki Kusamura, Massimo Milione, Filippo Pietrantonio, Luigi Battaglia, Stefano Guadagni, Dario Baratti, Marcello Deraco
In the original article Massimo Milione's last name was spelled incorrectly. It is correct as reflected here. The original article has also been updated.
January 19, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351939/retroperitoneal-bile-leak-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#15
Dee Zhen Lim, Enoch Wong, Sayed Hassen, Yahya Al-Habbal
Bile duct injury (BDI) is a well-recognised complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Following a BDI, bile usually leaks into the peritoneal space and causes biliary peritonitis. This manifests as non-specific abdominal pain and fever occurring several days after the surgery. It can be managed by laparoscopic washout with or without bile duct repair. We present a rare case of retroperitoneal bile leak post-LC. The mechanism of injury here was likely partial avulsion from excessive traction of the cystic duct during intraoperative cholangiogram...
January 18, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350370/operative-and-non-operative-management-of-children-with-abdominal-gunshot-injuries
#16
Mehmet Şerif Arslan, Hikmet Zeytun, Serkan Arslan, Erol Basuguy, Mehmet Hanifi Okur, Bahattin Aydoğdu, Cemil Göya, İbrahim Uygun, Selçuk Otçu
BACKGROUND: Non-operative management (NOM) is a standard treatment method for solid organ injuries worldwide. There is no consensus on the management of gunshot wounds (GSW) because of the higher frequency of hollow viscus injuries (HVI) and the unpredictable depth of tissue damage produced by kinetic energy transfer during retardation of the bullet. Here we aimed to reevaluate indications for surgery and NOM based on our pediatric patients with abdominal GSW. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients evaluated and treated for abdominal GSW at University of Dicle between January 2010 and October 2016...
January 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350250/-abdominal-injuries-in-polytraumatized-adults-systematic-review
#17
C E M Pothmann, K Sprengel, H Alkadhi, G Osterhoff, F Allemann, T Jentzsch, G Jukema, H C Pape, H-P Simmen, V Neuhaus
Abdominal injuries are potentially life-threatening and occur in 20-25% of all polytraumatized patients. Blunt trauma is the main mechanism. The liver and spleen are most commonly injured and much less often the intestines. The clinical evaluation proves equivocal in many cases; therefore, the gold standard is computed tomography (CT), which has been increasingly used even in hemodynamically weakly stable or sometimes even unstable patients because it promptly provides precise diagnostic findings, which present the basis for successful therapy...
January 19, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350174/automated-peritoneal-dialysis-could-rapidly-improve-left-heart-failure-by-increasing-peritoneal-dialysis-ultrafiltration-a-single-center-observational-clinical-study%C3%A2
#18
Cong Yang, Jixing Liu, Nirong Gong, Yanhong Lin, Yanfang He, Zhixiu Yi, Liping Hu, Jianping Jiang, Jun Ai
Ultrafiltration failure (UFF) is a major cause of water retention, left heart failure (LHF), and peritoneal dialysis (PD) failure. Automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) might have better ultrafiltration (UF) than continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Here, we have studied whether short-term APD could increase UF and improve LHF. 47 patients were included in this study from December 1, 2015, to January 1, 2017. All patients had been treated with CAPD before they came to our center and were treated with APD in the hospital...
January 19, 2018: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350172/comparison-of-dialysate-and-plasma-ntprobnp-in-prediction-of-clinical-outcomes-of%C3%A2-diabetic-and-nondiabetic-peritoneal-dialysis-patients%C3%A2
#19
Suleyman Koz, Idris Sahin, Mansur Kayatas, Sema Tulay Koz
BACKGROUND: Plasma level of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (P-NTproBNP) is a useful marker in prediction of mortality in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. However, the predictive value of spent dialysate counterpart (D-NTproBNP) of plasma NTproBNP on mortality and dropout is not known. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Simultaneous P-NTproBNP and D-NTproBNP assays were performed after an overnight dwell in 44 scheduled ambulatory PD patients. Patients were followed for ~ 47 months...
January 19, 2018: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349694/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-rendezvous-technique-for-failed-biliary-cannulation-in-benign-and-resectable-malignant-biliary-disorders
#20
Hideyuki Shiomi, Kentaro Yamao, Noriyuki Hoki, Takeshi Hisa, Takeshi Ogura, Kosuke Minaga, Atsuhiro Masuda, Kazuya Matsumoto, Hironari Kato, Hideki Kamada, Daisuke Goto, Hajime Imai, Mamoru Takenaka, Chishio Noguchi, Hidefumi Nishikiori, Yasutaka Chiba, Hiromu Kutsumi, Masayuki Kitano
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided rendezvous technique (EUS-RV) has emerged as an effective salvage method for unsuccessful biliary cannulation. However, its application for benign and resectable malignant biliary disorders has not been fully evaluated. AIMS: To assess the efficacy and safety of EUS-RV for benign and resectable malignant biliary disorders. METHODS: This was a multicenter prospective study from 12 Japanese referral centers...
January 18, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
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