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Michelle P Kallis, Caroline Maloney, Aaron M Lipskar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pilonidal disease, and the treatment associated with it, can cause significant morbidity and substantial burden to patients' quality of life. Despite the plethora of surgical techniques that have been developed to treat pilonidal disease, discrepancies in technique, recurrence rates, complications, time to return to work/school and patients' aesthetic satisfaction between treatment options have led to controversy over the best approach to this common acquired disease of young adults...
March 16, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Michael Korenkov
The video-assisted subcutaneous destruction of the sinus tract (VADST) is a novel, minimally-invasive technique for the treatment of pilonidal sinus disease (PSD). This is an advancement of the previously described subcutaneous destruction of the sinus tract and the removal of hairs as well as the long-term vessel-loop drainage of the wound channel (DST). Although the first results of this operation seemed to be promising, some of my colleagues felt that the blind approach to this procedure could be its potential "weak point"...
March 12, 2018: Surgical Technology International
Dietrich Doll, F Bosche, A Hauser, P Moersdorf, I Sinicina, J Grunwald, F Reckel, M M Luedi
PURPOSE: Hair in the pilonidal sinus is not growing within the sinus cavity, as hair follicles are not present there. Not few pilonidal patients do not have intergluteal hair, which is said to be the causative agent of folliculitis and pilonidal genesis. So, what is the real source of the hair forming the typical pilonidal hair nest? METHODS: A trifold approach was used: First, axial hair strength testing of pilonidal hair and body hair harvested from head, lower back (glabella sacralis), and cranial third of intergluteal fold...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Ömer Karaca, Ali Ahıskalıoğlu, Mehmet Aksoy, Rafi Doğan, Elif Oral Ahıskalıoğlu
Epidural block is an appropriate anesthesia method for outpatient operation. This technique is generally safe and efficient. We present the case of a 20-year-old female patient with accidental subdural block after a single dose of epidural block for pilonidal sinus surgery. Sudden apnea, unconsciousness, and bilateral mydriasis occurred within a few minutes after injection. Within 80 minutes after injection, the patient regained full consciousness and spontaneous respiration, with motor block in lower extremities and sensory block until the T4 level...
January 2018: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
V K Stauffer, M M Luedi, P Kauf, M Schmid, M Diekmann, K Wieferich, B Schnüriger, D Doll
We systematically searched available databases. We reviewed 6,143 studies published from 1833 to 2017. Reports in English, French, German, Italian, and Spanish were considered, as were publications in other languages if definitive treatment and recurrence at specific follow-up times were described in an English abstract. We assessed data in the manner of a meta-analysis of RCTs; further we assessed non-RCTs in the manner of a merged data analysis. In the RCT analysis including 11,730 patients, Limberg & Dufourmentel operations were associated with low recurrence of 0...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Chiara Eberspacher, D Mascagni, L Fralleone, G Grimaldi, P Antypas, P Mascagni, A Maturo, F M Di Matteo, S Pontone, D Pironi
AIM: Anal fistula is a common disease originated from abscess according the cryptoglandular theory. A rare etiology is the pilonidal disease. In our case we observed a pilonidal disease mimicking an anterior perianal fistula, associated with another posterior anal fistula. CASE PRESENTATION: A 36-year old man was referred to our department with an anal fistula with an anterior opening. Despite the clinical examination and the endoanal ultrasound, only during the surgery we discovered the origin of the anterior fistula from a misdiagnosed pilonidal sinus...
November 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Kenan Çetin, Hasan Ediz Sikar, Aytaç Emre Kocaoğlu, Muhammet Fikri Kündeş, Mehmet Karahan, Levent Kaptanoğlu
Purpose: We aimed to compare skin closure techniques, standard (intermittent mattress) and continuous subcuticular sutures, following Limberg flap procedure. Methods: From July 2013 to July 2015, 92 patients with sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease were prospectively randomized into 2 groups consisting of 46 patients for both. Patients underwent sinus excision and closure with Limberg flap; continuous subcuticular suture was used in subcuticular group (SG) and intermittent mattress sutures were used in mattress group (MG) for skin closure...
February 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
Mahmoud Abdelnaby, Sameh Hany Emile, Mohamed El-Said, Ahmed AbdelMawla, Hesham Elgendy, Ahmed Sakr, Mostafa Shalaby
BACKGROUND: Sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease (SPND) is a common surgical condition with a multitude of surgical treatments. The aim of this study was to compare the outcome of modified Limberg flap (MLF) and that of rotational gluteal flap (RGF) in treatment of SPND. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective case-controlled study involving adult patients of both genders who were treated with either MLF or RGF for SPND. The main outcomes of the study were the recurrence of SPND, complications, operation time, hospital stay, time of healing, time to return to daily activities, and cosmetic outcomes...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Konstantinos Lasithiotakis, Assad Aghahoseini, Dimitra Volanaki, Mark Peter, David Alexander
BACKGROUND: The traditional open incision and drainage of a pilonidal abscess is associated with slow healing and delayed return to normal daily activities. The aim of this study is to assess safety, effectiveness, and patient satisfaction of aspiration followed by antibiotics for a pilonidal abscess. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients presenting with an acute pilonidal abscess during the period December 2010 and December 2014 in York Hospital, UK, were treated with bedside aspiration under local anesthetic, followed by oral cefalexin and metronidazole for 7 days...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Abdulwahid M Salih, Fahmi H Kakamad, Rawezh Q Salih, Shvan H Mohammed, Imad J Habibullah, Zuhair D Hammood, Masrur S Aziz, Hiwa O Baba
BACKGROUND: Pilonidal sinus disease is a common perianal inflammatory condition. Currently, operative therapy is the standard management strategy. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of a preparation with antimicrobial, sclerosing, and wound-enhancing properties in the nonoperative management of pilonidal sinus disease. METHODS: A parallel randomized controlled trial was conducted between January 2013 and January 2017 to investigate the effect of a mixture of sclerosing agent and herbal product (Lawsonia inermis powder) in the management of sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus disease...
February 2, 2018: Surgery
Yavuz Savas Koca, Ihsan Yildiz, Selahittin Koray Okur, Bekir Saricik, Mustafa Uğur, Mustafa Tevfik Bulbul, Fuat Uslusoy, İbrahim Barut
BACKGROUND This study aimed to assess treatment outcomes of the cleft lift procedure and V-Y flap technique in the treatment of recurrent pilonidal sinus disease (PSD). MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 51 patients who underwent cleft lift procedure and 43 patients who underwent fasciocutaneous V-Y flap technique were evaluated. The demographic characteristics, previous operations, duration of symptoms, perioperative complications, duration of operation and hospital stay, duration of draining of all patients, and recurrence of PSD were recorded...
February 4, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Farees Ricky Tavangari, Jennifer Amy Lee, David Garza, Talar Tejirian
Despite a wide variety of surgical techniques to treat chronic pilonidal disease, high rates of recurrence are common. The current study analyzes the outcome of unroofing with limited excision combined with structured postoperative wound care for pilonidal disease. We performed a retrospective review of all patients who were treated with this technique over a seven year period. Ninety-four patients aged 11 to 63 (mean age 26) received this treatment for pilonidal disease. Eighty-nine patients were treated for primary pilonidal disease and five were treated for recurrent disease after procedures such as flaps...
October 1, 2017: American Surgeon
Mohamed Boshnaq, Yih Chyn Phan, Iana Martini, Mohanraj Harilingam, Mansoor Akhtar, George Tsavellas
OBJECTIVES: To review published evidence of Limberg flap (LF) use in pilonidal sinus disease (PSD). We also included our local experience of LF. METHODS: Medline and Embase database were searched for the words 'pilonidal, sinus, Limberg, flap'. Non-English articles and those not-related to our scope of search were omitted. We included a retrospective study of patients underwent LF in our district hospital. Data including length of hospital stay, post-operative complications and recurrence were collected...
February 1, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Martijn P Gosselink, Grahame C Ctercteko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
J Navarrete, P Kutscher, D Fiorella, J Hernández, L Martínez, M Mazzei, M Vola, C Agorio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
Ciro Esposito, Serena Izzo, Francesco Turrà, Mariapina Cerulo, Giovanni Severino, Alessandro Settimi, Marta Iannazzone, Lorenzo Masieri, Giuseppe Cortese, Maria Escolino
AIM: This study aimed to report our preliminary experience with pediatric endoscopic pilonidal sinus treatment (PEPSiT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the reports of 15 patients, 6 girls and 9 boys, with an average age of 16 years (range 13-18) with noninfected pilonidal sinus disease who underwent PEPSiT in our institution over an 18-month period. Four cases were redo-procedures, for recurrence of disease after open excision repair. Surgical outcomes of sinus healing, recurrence of disease, postoperative pain, hospital stay, analgesic requirements, and patient satisfaction levels were evaluated and a comparison analysis with classic open repair was performed...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Vaibhavi Umesh, Rebecca H Sussman, Janeen Smith, Christine Whyte
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess whether adolescent patients who heal their pilonidal sinus disease with the Bascom cleft lift have a sustained result, or if younger age puts them at increased risk of relapse. METHODS: Twenty-two consecutive patients (18 male, median age 16years at surgery) who underwent Bascom procedures were contacted regarding long term outcomes following surgery. Additional clinical data were collected from the medical records of the subjects...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Huseyin Murat Mutus, Burhan Aksu, Ersan Uzun, Neslihan Gulcin, Gonca Gercel, Erdem Ozatman, Cigdem Ulukaya Durakbasa, Hamit Okur
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Chronic pilonidal sinus disease (PSD) is relatively common in adolescents and can be treated by various surgical techniques. This study aimed to evaluate the outcome in adolescents surgically treated for PSD in a single clinic. METHODS: PSD patients surgically treated over an 8-year period were retrospectively evaluated. Classical midline incision and excision with primary repair was performed in all. Regular follow up visits were scheduled. Evaluation of postoperative outpatient clinic records as well as telephone interviews for patients who were operated more than 6months ago were done for the long-term results, including coherence to regional hair care...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Shayan Mostafaei, Fatemeh Norooznezhad, Saeed Mohammadi, Amir Hossein Norooznezhad
Pilonidal disease (PD) is a chronic situation which may cause pain, discomfort, inflammation, discharges, and inability to do daily routines. Among two main methods of surgery, open healing is preferred by surgeons since it associates with lower risk of recurrence; however, it could complicate the wound condition by delaying the healing process. For this meta-analysis, a search in Medline, Embase, and Scopus was performed in June 2017 with no restrictions placed on the publication date or languages. Then, time to healing was considered as the effect size and all the data from trials were extracted...
December 7, 2017: Wound Repair and Regeneration
C Koutserimpas, N Nikitakis, A Skarpas, M Lada, E Papachristou, G Velimezis
Pilonidal sinus or pilonidal cyst is a common benign disease, affecting mostly young working men. We present the first case of an epidural abscess imitating pilonidal sinus. A 33-year old male, suffering from previously undiagnosed and untreated diabetes mellitus (DM), presented to our emergency department (ER), one month after open surgical treatment of pilonidal sinus, due to weakness and fever. After re-operation of the pilonidal cyst and due to post-operative pus production and continuation of fever a computer tomogr aphy (CT )scan was performed revealing an epidural abscess extending from the thoracic vertebrae 12 (T-12) to the sacrococcygeal area...
May 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
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