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Differential diagnosis Of GIST

Maureen O'Sullivan
Since its foundation by remarkably talented and insightful individuals, prominently including Pepper Dehner, pediatric soft tissue tumor pathology has developed at an immense rate. The morphologic classification of tumoral entities has extensively been corroborated, but has also evolved with refinement or realignment of these classifications, through accruing molecular data, with many derivative ancillary diagnostic assays now already well-established. Tumors of unclear histogenesis, classically morphologically undifferentiated, are prominent amongst pediatric sarcomas, however, the classes of undifferentiated round- or spindle-cell-tumors-not-otherwise-specified are being dismantled gradually with the identification of their molecular underpinnings...
September 5, 2016: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
Giuseppe Portale, Mariano De Vito, Alberto Morabito, Massimiliano Zuccaro, Valentino Fiscon
INTRODUCTION: Schwannomas are slow-growing tumors, rarely occurring in the GI tract. When found, their location is mostly in the stomach. Presentation in the small bowel is extremely rare, anecdotal. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 47-year old male who underwent laparoscopic elective left hemicolectomy for recurrent diverticulitis. RESULTS: At surgery an exophytic mass originating from the first jejunal loop was identified and resected, under the suspicion of a GIST...
July 8, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Ke-Kang Sun, Song Xu, Jinzhen Chen, Gang Liu, Xiaojun Shen, Xiaoyang Wu
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are mesenchymal neoplasms that arise in the gastrointestinal tract, accounting for ~1% of gastric malignancies. The present study reports the case of a GIST of the stomach in a 75-year-old man who presented with abdominal distension and anorexia for 1 month. Gastroscopy was unremarkable. Ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) scans showed a giant intraabdominal cystic lesion of unknown origin. The lesion was initially believed to be a duplication cyst, a pancreatic pseudocyst or a liver cyst in the pre-operative diagnosis...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Sudhir Kumar Mohanty, Kumarmani Jena, Tanmaya Mahapatra, Jyoti Ranjan Dash, Dibyasingh Meher, Ajax John, Manjushree Nayak, Shafqat Bano
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the commonest mesenchymal tumor of GI tract and 60-70% of it seen in the stomach, whereas Gastric schwannoma is a benign, slow growing and one of the rare neoplasms of stomach. Age distribution, clinical, radiological features and gross appearance of both tumors are similar. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a rare case of gastric schwannoma in a 20-year-old girl, who underwent subtotal gastrectomy with the suspicion of a GIST preoperatively but later confirmed to be gastric schwannoma postoperatively after immunohistochemical study...
September 22, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
So Jung Lee, Chung Su Hwang, Ahrong Kim, Kyungbin Kim, Kyung Un Choi
Leiomyomas and schwannomas of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) are mainly comprised of spindle-shaped tumor cells and should always be differentiated from gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). Mast/stem cell growth factor receptor Kit (KIT) and discovered on GIST-1 (DOG1) are well-known diagnostic markers for the detection of a GIST by immunohistochemical staining. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence and significance of spindle cell tumors of the GIT with KIT- or DOG1-positive spindle-shaped cells, presumed to be interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs), other than GISTs...
August 2016: Oncology Letters
Takaharu Kato, Hiroshi Noda, Iku Abe, Sergio Alonso, Nobu Yokoyama, Toshiki Rikiyama
Mesenteric leiomyosarcoma is a rare disease with poor prognosis. Previously, mesenteric leiomyosarcoma was not differentiated from gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), which is the most common mesenchymal tumor of the gastrointestinal tract, and several cases of GIST may have been misclassified as mesenteric leiomyosarcoma. Thus, the actual clinicopathological characteristics of mesenteric leiomyosarcomas remain unclear. We herein describe a case of leiomyosarcoma arising in the descending mesocolon in a patient who developed metachronous liver metastasis...
July 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Yingchao Wang, Yahui Liu, Yanping Zhong, Bai Ji
Extra-gastrointestinal stromal tumors (EGISTs) predominantly occur outside of the gastrointestinal tract, and their biological and histological characteristics are similar to those of GISTs. Primary EGIST occurrence in the liver is extremely rare. The present study reports a case of primary EGIST in the caudate lobe of the liver in a 61-year-old Chinese man. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed a 7.3×5.1-cm heterogeneously enhanced neoplasm with solid and cystic components located in the caudate lobe of the liver...
June 2016: Oncology Letters
K Nahar, G M Salahuddin, M R Islam, M S Islam, M A Quddus, M A Islam, B C Debnath
Gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST) is a relatively rare neoplasm of gastrointestinal tract of which Rectal GIST is uncommon. It produces symptoms of per rectal bleeding or change in bowel habit. Recurrences following curative resection are predominantly intraabdominal, hepatic metastasis occurring at a median 20-25 months following the primary surgery. A 42 years old male presented a huge mass in hypogastrium, the size of which was reduced ofter neoadjuvant therapy for period of 1.5 years. He underwent abdominoperineal resection...
April 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Ozan Baris Namdaroglu, Asuman Argon, Serdar Aydogan, Ahmet Mucteba Ozturk, Savas Yakan, Mehmet Yildirim, Nazif Erkan
Gastric duplication cysts (GDCs) are uncommon developmental anomalies found primarily in children, being rarely seen in adults. Duplications can occur anywhere in the intestinal tract from the mouth to the anus. Accurate diagnosis of cysts before resection is difficult even using the most advanced imaging techniques. In this report, we present and discuss a case of GDC in a 25-year-old man treated laparoscopically. Patient admitted to our department with complaints of epigastric pain and swelling. Magnetic resonance imaging performed for accurate characterisation showed a 4 cm × 4...
May 5, 2016: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Sung Jin Oh, Byoung Jo Suh, Jong Kwon Park
A schwannoma is a kind of neurogenic tumor that rarely occurs in the gastrointestinal tract. Gastric schwannomas make up 0.2% of all gastric neoplasms. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are the most common mesenchymal tumors and up to 60-70% of GIST occur in the stomach. Schwannoma and GIST are similar in clinical features, so they are difficult to differentiate preoperatively. Differential diagnosis of these two submucosal tumors is important because of the malignant potential of GIST and the relatively benign course of gastric schwannomas...
January 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
Cai-Qing Zhang, DE-Gan Lu, Qing-Fa Liu, Wei Xiao
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common type of mesenchymal tumor of the gastrointestinal tract. The stomach and small intestine are the most common sites of occurrence. GISTs are mesenchymal neoplasms originating from the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs), and are characterized by positivity for cluster of differentiation (CD) 117, also known as proto-oncogene c-Kit. While the majority of GISTs develop in the alimentary tract, in rare cases they may also be found in extragastrointestinal tissues...
May 2016: Oncology Letters
Santosh K Ijeri, Praveen S Rathod, Rajshekar Kundargi, V R Pallavi, K Shobha, Shankaranand, C R Vijay, K Uma Devi, Uttam D Bafna
To report the clinical presentation and outcomes of a series of patients who presented with abdominal/pelvic mass or pelvic pain and were diagnosed with a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Retrospective data were collected of all patients who presented with an abdominal/pelvic mass or pelvic pain between January 2010 and July 2015 and who were ultimately diagnosed with a GIST. The patients' medical records were reviewed. A literature review was also conducted. The event free survival and overall survival was calculated for all patients using Kaplan Meier curve (SPSS19-SPSS Inc...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
Duminda Subasinghe, Sivasuriya Sivaganesh, Niranthi Perera, Dharmabandhu N Samarasekera
BACKGROUND: Heterotopic pancreas is a rare congenital condition characterised by pancreatic tissue lacking vascular or anatomic communication with the normal pancreas. Most cases of ectopic pancreas are asymptomatic. The preoperative diagnosis of this condition is difficult. CASE PRESENTATION: A 50-year-old woman presented with dyspeptic symptoms of 4 years duration. Contrast enhanced CT (computed tomography) scan of abdomen suggested a gastrointestinal stromal tumour in the fundus of the stomach...
2016: BMC Research Notes
A Agaimy
Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) represents a type II mitochondrial complex related to the respiratory chain and Krebs cycle. The complex is composed of four major subunits, SDHA, SDHB, SDHC and SDHD. The oncogenic role of this enzyme complex has only recently been recognized and the complex is currently considered an important oncogenic signaling pathway with tumor suppressor properties. In addition to the familial paraganglioma syndromes (types 1-5) as prototypical SDH-related diseases, many other tumors have been defined as SDH-deficient, in particular a subset of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), rare hypophyseal adenomas, a subset of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (recently added) and a variety of other tumor entities, the latter mainly described as rare case reports...
March 2016: Der Pathologe
Anna Caterina Milanetto, Valbona Liço, Stella Blandamura, Claudio Pasquali
BACKGROUND: First described by Ross in 1951, primary pancreatic leiomyosarcoma is a rare mesenchymal tumour of the pancreas, with nonspecific clinical and radiological features and a poor prognosis, if unresectable. CASE REPORT: A 60-year-old woman presented with abdominal pain. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) scan detected a dishomogeneous egg-shaped 8-cm mass, arising from the pancreatic head, with duodenal compression, without dilation of the Wirsung duct...
December 2015: Surgical Case Reports
Jin Woong Cho
Subepithelial tumors are frequently found in asymptomatic patients in Japan and Korea where cancer screening tests routinely include endoscopy. Most lesions are asymptomatic and clinically insignificant. However, carcinoid tumors, lymphomas, glomus tumor and gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are malignant or have the potential to become malignant. Inflammation due to parasitic infestation by Anisakis and poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas in the stomach rarely present as subepithelial lesions. In contrast to the frequency of gastric GIST in the gastrointestinal system, they are uncommon in the duodenum and very rare in the esophagus...
May 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
Jae Min Chun, Kyoung Hoon Lim
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) of the appendix are extremely rare. To date, only 15 cases have been reported in the English literature. Here, we present a new case of an appendiceal GIST with appendicitis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 68-year-old man who complained of right lower abdominal tenderness underwent surgery for a cystic mass mimicking Meckel's diverticulum. Laparoscopy revealed a mass protruding from the proximal appendix with distal appendicitis...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Xiaoling Xu, Zhenglong Cao, Haihang Zhu
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are mesenchymal tumors that mainly arise in the gastrointestinal tract. They are usually asymptomatic and are incidentally discovered during endoscopy or surgery. Diagnosis is confirmed by histological examination of the specimen. This is the case report of an asymptomatic GIST of the small intestine diagnosed by wireless capsule endoscopy. The tumor was initially suspected to be a leiomyoma, as GISTs in young adults are rare and are mainly discovered incidentally during colorectal cancer screening...
February 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Ahmad Monabati, Moeinadin Safavi, Freidoon Solhjoo
INTRODUCTION: Extragastrointestinal stromal tumors (EGIST) are rarer counterparts of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) in omentum, mesentery, and retroperitoneum. CASE REPORT: Hereby, authors present a 47-year-old man with abdominal mass whose abdominal CT scan revealed a large septated cystic mass measuring 16 cm in largest diameter. The mass was aspirated and resected by laparotomy. Pathologic examination exhibited a mesenchymal spindle cell neoplasm which was immunohistochemically reactive for CD117 and SMA...
June 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Giovanni Rizzo, Alessandro Fancellu, Alberto Porcu
INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory fibroid polyp (IFP), also known as Vanek's tumor, is a rare polypoid lesion of the gastrointestinal tract. A recently observed case led us to review the literature, with the aim to discuss the management of asymptomatic gastric IFPs. CASE REPORT: A 71-year-old man was endoscopically diagnosed as having a polypoid lesion located in the gastric antrum. Histopathological and himmunoistochemical studies of endoscopic biopsies revealed an IFP...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
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