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Plastic and reconstructive surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930752/prevalence-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-and-surgeon-diagnostic-accuracy-in-facial-plastic-and-oculoplastic-surgery-clinics
#1
Andrew W Joseph, Lisa Ishii, Shannon S Joseph, Jane I Smith, Peiyi Su, Kristin Bater, Patrick Byrne, Kofi Boahene, Ira Papel, Theda Kontis, Raymond Douglas, Christine C Nelson, Masaru Ishii
Importance: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a relative contraindication for facial plastic surgery, but formal screening is not common in practice. The prevalence of BDD in patients seeking facial plastic surgery is not well documented. Objective: To establish the prevalence of BDD across facial plastic and oculoplastic surgery practice settings, and estimate the ability of surgeons to screen for BDD. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter prospective study recruited a cohort of 597 patients who presented to academic and private facial plastic and oculoplastic surgery practices from March 2015 to February 2016...
December 8, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922963/publication-trends-in-craniofacial-distraction-a-bibliometrical-analysis
#2
Asra Hashmi, Adam Schumaier, Shenita White, Christina Yi, Faraz A Khan, Curtis J Hanba, Faisal Al-Mufarrej
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the craniofacial distraction literature published over the last 50 years and to determine various trends in publications. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in November and December 2015. The date search range was 1965 to 2015. Databases searched included Medline, Web of Science, Biosis, SciELO, Data Citation, and Zoologic Records. Data were collected on distraction type, author specialty, date of publication, country, state (if United States), number of citations, journal name, journal type, and Le Fort type (for midfacial distractions)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921032/the-collection-of-adipose-derived-stem-cells-using-water-jet-assisted-lipoplasty-for-their-use-in-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-a-preliminary-study
#3
Valeria Purpura, Elena Bondioli, Davide Melandri, Pier C Parodi, Luca Valenti, Michele Riccio
The graft of autologous fat for the augmentation of soft tissue is a common practice frequently used in the field of plastic and reconstructive surgery. In addition, the presence of adipose derived stem cells (ASCs) in adipose tissue stimulates the regeneration of tissue in which it is applied after the autologous fat grafting improving the final clinical results. Due to these characteristics, there is an increasing interest in the use of ASCs for the treatment of several clinical conditions. As a consequence, the use of clean room environment is required for the production of cell-based therapies...
2016: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895538/syndactyly-release
#4
REVIEW
Tara L Braun, Jeffrey G Trost, William C Pederson
Syndactyly is one of the most common congenital hand anomalies treated by pediatric plastic surgeons. Established principles of syndactyly separation dictate the timing and order of syndactyly release, with the goals of surgery being the creation of an anatomically normal webspace, tension-free closure of soft tissue, and return of function to the fingers. Numerous surgical methods have been described, many of which involve the use of local flaps to reconstruct the commissure and full-thickness skin grafts for coverage of raw areas...
November 2016: Seminars in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894579/future-perspectives-of-pre-expanded-perforator-flaps
#5
REVIEW
Lee L Q Pu, Chunmei Wang
Although clinical application of a pre-expanded perforator flap is primarily focused on face and neck reconstructions, such a flap has also been used to reconstruct defects in the trunk, extremities, or hands. With better understanding of the improved blood supply to the flap and the mechanism on the prefabrication of blood supply within the flap, the pre-expanded perforator flap will definitely play a more important role in reconstructive surgery and can be used in selected patients by many plastic surgeons worldwide with good reconstructive and cosmetic outcomes...
January 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894570/an-overview-of-pre-expanded-perforator-flaps-part-1-current-concepts
#6
REVIEW
Chunmei Wang, Sifen Yang, Jing Zhang, Lun Yan, Ping Song, Hiko Hyakusoku, Lee L Q Pu
Pre-expanded perforator flaps, a combination of tissue expansion with perforator flaps, are emerging as another landmark of plastic surgery. This flap inherits the characteristics of both perforator flaps and expanded flaps, making it a highly versatile option in reconstructive surgery. However, the definition of the pre-expanded perforator flap and the impact of pre-expansion on the superficial angio-architecture remain controversial. In this article, the authors review current concepts including the mechanism of expansion and the resultant changes in the angio-architecture...
January 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893634/comparison-of-different-acellular-dermal-matrix-adm-in-breast-reconstruction-the-50-50-study
#7
Troy A Pittman, Kenneth L Fan, Andrew Knapp, Shelby Frantz, Scott L Spear
BACKGROUND: Acellular Dermal Matrix (ADM) has enjoyed extensive use in primary and secondary alloplastic breast aesthetic and reconstructive surgery. The objective of this study is to examine clinical outcomes between available ADM: DermACELL(LifeNet Health, Virginia Beach, VA) and AlloDerm RTU (LifeCell, Branchburg, New Jersey). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on 58 consecutive patients (100 breasts) reconstructed with either DermACELL(n=30 patients; 50 breasts) or AlloDerm RTU (n=28 patients; 50 breasts)...
November 21, 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893632/the-evolution-of-photography-and-three-dimensional-imaging-in-plastic-surgery
#8
Jason M Weissler, Carrie S Stern, Jillian Schreiber, Bardia Amirlak, Oren M Tepper
Throughout history, the technological advancements of conventional clinical photography in plastic surgery have refined not only the plastic surgeon's armamentarium, but have invigorated the profession through technology. The technology of the once traditional two-dimensional photograph has since been revolutionized and refashioned to incorporate novel applications, which have since become the standard in clinical photography.Contrary to traditional standardized two-dimensional photographs, three-dimensional photography provides the surgeon with an invaluable volumetric and morphological analysis by demonstrating true surface dimensions both pre and postoperatively...
November 21, 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893559/personalized-reconstruction-of-traumatic-orbital-defects-based-on-precise-three-dimensional-orientation-and-measurements-of-the-globe
#9
Li Huang, Lisong Lin, Zhihong Wang, Bin Shi, Xiaofeng Zhu, Yu Qiu, Yue Huang, Xueyuan Yu, Yunyang Liao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to precisely assess the severity of traumatic orbital defects and techniques for personalized orbital reconstruction. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in 97 patients with traumatic orbital defects who were treated in our hospital between July 2003 and June 2012. Pre- and postoperative spiral computed tomography scans were performed in all patients. A spatial orientation technique was used to measure the three-dimensional position of the globe and calculate the changes in the orbital volume...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892447/a-study-on-variations-of-nutrient-foramen-of-humerus-with-its-clinical-implications
#10
D I Mansur, P Manandhar, M K Haque, D K Mehta, S Duwal, B Timalsina
Background Nutrient foramen is an opening into shaft of humerus which gives passage to the blood vessels of medullary cavity. The knowledge of nutrient foramen is important in surgical procedures like bone grafting and more recently in microsurgical vascularized bone transplantation. Objective To determine the number, location and direction of nutrient foramen and whether the nutrient foramens obey the rule of ossification, that is directed away from the growing end of the bone or not. Method The present study consisted of 253 (108 right and 145 left) dried humeri excluding any fracture or pathological abnormalities during the period of 15th December 2014 - 14th February 2015...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885151/sushruta-father-of-plastic-surgery-in-benares
#11
Khushbir Bath, Sourabh Aggarwal, Vishal Sharma
Sushruta has been regarded as one of the pioneers of surgery. He performed procedures with crude surgical instruments that paved the path for today's operations. However, his existence is shrouded in myth and mystery. Sushruta belonged to a rich heritage of learned scholars and practiced and taught surgery at Benares University around 600BC. His work is assembled into a monumental thesis, possibly the first text book on surgery, the 'Sushruta Samhita' where he describes surgical instruments, procedures, illnesses, medicinal plants and preparation, dissection and the study of human anatomy, embryology and fractures...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883932/biological-response-of-human-suture-mesenchymal-cells-to-titania-nanotube-based-implants-for-advanced-craniosynostosis-therapy
#12
Manpreet Bariana, Prem Dwivedi, Sarbin Ranjitkar, John A Kaidonis, Dusan Losic, Peter J Anderson
Titania nanotubes (TNTs) engineered on titanium (Ti) surfaces (i.e. TNT/Ti) and loaded with specific drugs have been recognised as a promising solution for localised therapeutic delivery to address several medical problems not feasible with conventional drug administration. We propose the use of TNT/Ti protein-releasing implants to treat paediatric craniofacial abnormality in craniosynostosis caused by premature fusion of cranial sutures. In this study, we have analysed the biological response of human suture mesenchymal cells (SMCs), extracted from two different patients undergoing craniofacial reconstruction surgery, at the TNT/Ti implant surface...
November 17, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879621/online-ratings-of-asoprs-surgeons-what-do-your-patients-really-think-of-you
#13
Alexander F Vu, Gabriela M Espinoza, Julian D Perry, Rao V Chundury
PURPOSE: To characterize patient evaluations of American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ASOPRS) surgeons on a popular online physician rating website in an effort to determine which factors play a role in determining the likelihood of a patient recommending an ASOPRS surgeon to family and friends. METHODS: After obtaining approval and access from Healthgrades.com, the website database was searched for 612 U.S.-based ASOPRS members using their name as published on http://www...
November 22, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879607/-plasticsurgery
#14
Olivier A Branford, Parisa Kamali, Rod J Rohrich, David H Song, Patrick Mallucci, Daniel Z Liu, Dustin Lang, Kristi Sun, Miran Stubican, Samuel J Lin
BACKGROUND: Social media use is growing inexorably, and there is public appetite for evidence-based information. Little is known about engagement by plastic surgeons with social media. The aim of this study was to examine posting about plastic surgery on Twitter, to best inform how board-certified plastic surgeons could use the hashtag #PlasticSurgery as a tool to educate patients and the public. METHODS: A prospective analysis of 2880 "tweets" containing the words "plastic surgery" was performed...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878799/microsurgery-robots-addressing-the-needs-of-high-precision-surgical-interventions
#15
Leonardo S Mattos, Darwin G Caldwell, Giorgio Peretti, Francesco Mora, Luca Guastini, Roberto Cingolani
Robotics has a significant potential to enhance the overall capacity and efficiency of healthcare systems. Robots can help surgeons perform better quality operations, leading to reductions in the hospitalisation time of patients and in the impact of surgery on their postoperative quality of life. In particular, robotics can have a significant impact on microsurgery, which presents stringent requirements for superhuman precision and control of the surgical tools. Microsurgery is, in fact, expected to gain importance in a growing range of surgical specialties as novel technologies progressively enable the detection, diagnosis and treatment of diseases at earlier stages...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878067/ultrasonography-findings-of-alloderm-%C3%A2-used-in-postmastectomy-alloplastic-breast-reconstruction-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
Young Seon Kim
AlloDerm(®) (LifeCell Corp.; Brancburg, NJ) is an acellular dermal matrix (ADM) that serves as an immunologically inert scaffold in plastic surgery. In breast reconstruction, it is used as a filler for lumpectomy defects and can be used to create the inferolateral portion of the tissue expander pocket or implant pocket in postmastectomy patients. However, there are limited reports of the radiologic findings of AlloDerm(®) in patients who have undergone postmastectomy reconstruction. Familiarity with the imaging features of AlloDerm(®) is essential for correct diagnosis...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872534/use-of-combined-pmmc-and-nasolabial-flap-for-reconstruction-of-full-thickness-cheek-defect-involving-lip-commisure
#17
Mahendra I Katre, Sunil Deshmukh, Pramod Dhanajkar
Head neck cancer constitute significant cancer burden and among it carcinoma of oral cavity involving buccal mucosa is most common entity in India. Very often it involves lip commisure. Radical surgery along with radiotherapy still remains treatment of choice. Reconstruction of composite defect of oral cavity fallowing ablative surgery remains difficult task. Reconstruction of lip commisure defect after primary tumor excision is still a big challenge. Micro vascular technique primary repair is main modality of treatment which needs great surgical expertise in plastic surgery which is not possible in every institution...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857655/microsurgery-without-borders-new-limits-for-reconstruction-of-post-burn-sequelae-in-the-humanitarian-setting
#18
I Tocco-Tussardi, B Presman, M Cherubino, C Garusi, F Bassetto
Post-burn contractures account for up to 50% of the workload of a plastic surgery team volunteering in developing nations. Best possible outcome most likely requires extensive surgery. However, extensive approaches such as microsurgery are generally discouraged in these settings. We report two successful cases of severe hand contractures reconstructed with free flaps on a surgical mission in Kenya. Microsurgery can be safely performed in the humanitarian setting by an integration of: personal skills; technical means; education of local personnel; follow-up services; and an effective network for communication...
March 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855106/the-ibra-2-immediate-breast-reconstruction-and-adjuvant-therapy-audit-study-protocol-for-a-prospective-national-multicentre-cohort-study-to-evaluate-the-impact-of-immediate-breast-reconstruction-on-the-delivery-of-adjuvant-therapy
#19
Rajiv Dave, Rachel O'Connell, Tim Rattay, Zoe Tolkien, Nicola Barnes, Joanna Skillman, Paula Williamson, Elizabeth Conroy, Matthew Gardiner, Adrian Harnett, Ciara O'Brien, Jane Blazeby, Shelley Potter, Chris Holcombe
INTRODUCTION: Immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) is routinely offered to improve quality of life for women with breast cancer requiring a mastectomy, but there are concerns that more complex surgery may delay the delivery of adjuvant oncological treatments and compromise long-term oncological outcomes. High-quality evidence, however, is lacking. iBRA-2 is a national prospective multicentre cohort study that aims to investigate the effect of IBR on the delivery of adjuvant therapy. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Breast and plastic surgery centres in the UK performing mastectomy with or without (±) IBR will be invited to participate in the study through the trainee research collaborative network...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853701/surgical-needs-of-refugee-populations-in-the-european-union-implications-for-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery
#20
Peter Niclas Broer, Sabrina Juran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
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