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Plastic and reconstructive surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455039/comparison-of-different-constitutive-models-to-characterize-the-viscoelastic-properties-of-human-abdominal-adipose-tissue-a-pilot-study
#1
Jose L Calvo-Gallego, Jaime Domínguez, Tomás Gómez Cía, Gorka Gómez Ciriza, Javier Martínez-Reina
Knowing the mechanical properties of human adipose tissue is key to simulate surgeries such as liposuction, mammoplasty and many plastic surgeries in which the subcutaneous fat is present. One of the most important surgeries, for its incidence, is the breast reconstruction surgery that follows a mastectomy. In this case, achieving a deformed shape similar to the healthy breast is crucial. The reconstruction is most commonly made using autologous tissue, taken from the patient's abdomen. The amount of autologous tissue and its mechanical properties have a strong influence on the shape of the reconstructed breast...
February 10, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452956/comparison-of-face-to-face-interaction-and-the-electronic-medical-record-for-venous-thromboembolism-risk-stratification-using-the-2005-caprini-score
#2
Christopher J Pannucci, Kory I Fleming
OBJECTIVE: Perioperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk can be quantified with the 2005 Caprini score. The Caprini score has previously been validated by review of the electronic medical record (EMR) in >3000 plastic surgery patients. However, the accuracy of Caprini-based risk stratification using the EMR, as opposed to face-to-face contact with the patient, remains unknown. METHODS: Plastic and reconstructive surgery patients who had surgery under general anesthesia, required postoperative admission, and were started on enoxaparin prophylaxis were identified...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451644/scrotal-reconstruction-with-superomedial-fasciocutaneous-thigh-flap
#3
Daniel Francisco Mello, Americo Helene Júnior
OBJECTIVE: to describe the use of a superomedial fasciocutaneous thigh flap for scrotal reconstruction in open areas secondary to the surgical treatment of perineal necrotizing fasciitis (Fournier's gangrene). METHODS: retrospective analysis of cases treated at the Plastic Surgery Service of Santa Casa de Misericórdia, São Paulo, from 2009 to 2015. RESULTS: fifteen patients underwent scrotal reconstruction using the proposed flap. The mean age was 48...
2018: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439365/adaptive-motor-cortex-plasticity-following-grip-reconstruction-in-individuals-with-tetraplegia
#4
Lina Bunketorp Käll, Robert J Cooper, Johanna Wangdell, Jan Fridén, Malin Björnsdotter
BACKGROUND: Tendon transfer is a surgical technique for restoring upper limb motor control in patients with cervical spinal cord injuries (SCI), and offers a rare window into cortical neuroplasticity following regained arm and hand function. OBJECTIVE: Here, we aimed to examine neuroplasticity mechanisms related to re-established voluntary motor control of thumb flexion following tendon transfer. METHODS: We used functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) to test the hypothesis that restored limb control following tendon transfer is mediated by activation of that limb's area of the primary motor cortex...
2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426809/current-evidence-on-the-role-of-smoking-in-plastic-surgery-elective-procedures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Vasileios Theocharidis, Ioannis Katsaros, Emmanouil Sgouromallis, Nikolaos Serifis, Vasileios Boikou, Sotirios Tasigiorgos, George Kokosis, Konstantinos P Economopoulos
BACKGROUND: Smoking is considered to be a significant risk factor for the development of postoperative complications after various surgical procedures, mainly by limiting oxygen delivery to tissues. Evidence on the collective impact of smoking in aesthetic procedure outcomes is scarce. The aim of this study is to evaluate the current evidence on the association between smoking and postoperative outcomes in patients who underwent common elective procedures in plastic surgery. METHODS: PubMed and Cochrane bibliographical databases were searched from January 1950 to October 2016 for studies reporting on patients who underwent facelift, abdominoplasty, breast reduction and breast reconstruction and for studies with included data on smoking history of treated patients...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414263/measuring-patient-reported-outcomes-key-metrics-in-reconstructive-surgery
#6
Sophocles H Voineskos, Jonas A Nelson, Anne F Klassen, Andrea L Pusic
Satisfaction and improved quality of life are among the most important outcomes for patients undergoing plastic and reconstructive surgery for a variety of diseases and conditions. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are essential tools for evaluating the benefits of newly developed surgical techniques. Modern PROMs are being developed with new psychometric approaches, such as Rasch Measurement Theory, and their measurement properties (validity, reliability, responsiveness) are rigorously tested. These advances have resulted in the availability of PROMs that provide clinically meaningful data and effectively measure functional as well as psychosocial outcomes...
January 29, 2018: Annual Review of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402545/the-ongoing-emergence-of-robotics-in-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery
#7
S Struk, Q Qassemyar, N Leymarie, J-F Honart, H Alkhashnam, K De Fremicourt, A Conversano, J-B Schaff, F Rimareix, F Kolb, B Sarfati
Robot-assisted surgery is more and more widely used in urology, general surgery and gynecological surgery. The interest of robotics in plastic and reconstructive surgery, a discipline that operates primarily on surfaces, has yet to be conclusively proved. However, the initial applications of robotic surgery in plastic and reconstructive surgery have been emerging in a number of fields including transoral reconstruction of posterior oropharyngeal defects, nipple-sparing mastectomy with immediate breast reconstruction, microsurgery, muscle harvesting for pelvic reconstruction and coverage of the scalp or the extremities...
February 2, 2018: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396591/clinical-application-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-in-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Panxi Yu, Zhen Zhai, Xiaolei Jin, Xiaonan Yang, Zuoliang Qi
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) has been applied in the clinical field for more than a decade, but largely in oral surgery and implant dentistry. Its utilization in plastic and reconstructive surgery is limited and lacking a comprehensive review. Hence, this article focuses on the various clinical applications of PRF pertaining to the plastic and reconstructive field through a systematic review. METHODS: In this review, articles describing the clinical application of PRF in plastic and reconstructive surgery were screened using predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria...
February 2, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389708/insurance-appeals-for-pediatric-reconstructive-surgery-a-micro-cost-analysis-and-how-to-guide
#9
Tara L Braun, Joseph L Braun, Cristina Hernandez, Laura A Monson
BACKGROUND: When insurance coverage for pediatric reconstructive procedures is denied, a stressful and time-consuming appeals process ensues. This article discusses the results of a micro cost analysis performed to better understand the time and monetary burden that the insurance process places on our clinic and families. We also advise plastic surgeons on how to appeal insurance denials for necessary reconstructive procedures. METHODS: Our micro cost analysis focused on patients with congenital breast anomalies who were denied insurance coverage during the preservice insurance authorization process...
January 31, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387302/systemic-preoperative-antibiotics-with-mandible-fractures-are-they-indicated-at-the-time-of-injury
#10
Andrew D Linkugel, Elizabeth B Odom, Rebecca A Bavolek, Alison K Snyder-Warwick, Kamlesh B Patel
Mandible fractures are the most common result of facial trauma. The proximity of oral flora to the site of both the injury and resulting surgical instrumentation makes managing infection a unique challenge. The benefit of antibiotic prophylaxis at the time of surgical treatment of mandible fractures is well established. However, the routine use of antibiotics between the time of injury and surgery is of unclear benefit. We aim to define the role of antibiotics in the preoperative period: from the time of injury to surgical intervention...
March 2018: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383415/autologous-fibroblast-seeded-amnion-for-reconstruction-of-neo-vagina-in-male-to-female-reassignment-surgery
#11
Kamal Seyed-Forootan, Hamid Karimi, Nazilla-Sadat Seyed-Forootan
BACKGROUND: Plastic surgeons have used several methods for the construction of neo-vaginas, including the utilization of penile skin, free skin grafts, small bowel or recto-sigmoid grafts, an amnion graft, and cultured cells. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to compare the results of amnion grafts with amnion seeded with autograft fibroblasts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over 8 years, we compared the results of 24 male-to-female transsexual patients retrospectively based on their complications and levels of satisfaction...
January 30, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382997/leech-related-aeromonas-veronii-complex-infection-after-reconstruction-with-a-microvascular-forearm-flap
#12
Benjamin Beger, Friederike von Loewenich, Elisabeth Goetze, Maximilian Moergel, Christian Walter
Medical leeches (Hirudo medicinalis) in plastic and reconstructive surgery are often used for the treatment of vascular failure after microvascular surgery. Leeches are a reservoir for bacteria of the Aeromonas group that help digesting the blood meal. In some cases these bacteria are able to cause severe wound infections that can lead to loss of tissue transplants. We report about a patient with a common microvascular forearm flap after resection of an oral squamous cell carcinoma which got infected by Aeromonas spp...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370004/plastic-surgeon-led-ultrasound
#13
Georgette Oni, Whitney Chow, Venkat Ramakrishnan, Matthew Griffiths
BACKGROUND: Portable high-frequency ultrasound is a useful adjunct to a plastic surgeon's practice. With a short learning curve, this patient-friendly imaging modality has a variety of uses that aid patient management/treatment plans. The authors describe clinical cases and review the literature regarding ultrasound performed by the surgeon. METHODS: The Sonosite S-Nerve machine with the L25X transducer was used (depth, 4.3 cm). Clinical cases that ordinarily would have been referred to the radiology department were taken from the day-to-day practice of the senior author (M...
February 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370003/electronic-communication-in-plastic-surgery-guiding-principles-from-the-american-society-of-plastic-surgeons-health-policy-committee
#14
Kyle R Eberlin, Galen Perdikis, Lynn Damitz, Dan J Krochmal, Loree K Kalliainen, Steven C Bonawitz
BACKGROUND: With the advancement of technology, electronic communication has become an important mode of communication within plastic and reconstructive surgery. This can take the form of e-mail, text messaging, video conferencing, and social media, among others. There are currently no defined American Society of Plastic Surgeons guidelines for appropriate professional use of these technologies. METHODS: A search was performed on PubMed and the Cochrane database; terms included "telemedicine," "text messaging," "HIPAA," "metadata," "video conferencing," "photo sharing," "social media," "Facebook," "Twitter," and "Instagram...
February 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369978/venous-superdrainage-in-diep-flap-breast-reconstruction-the-impact-of-superficial-inferior-epigastric-vein-dissection-on-abdominal-seroma-formation
#15
Jakob Nedomansky, Stefanie Nickl, Christine Radtke, Werner Haslik, Klaus F Schroegendorfer
BACKGROUND: Abdominal seroma formation after deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap breast reconstruction is a common donor-site complication. Additional dissection of one or both of the superficial inferior epigastric veins (SIEVs) in DIEP flap breast reconstruction allows an additional anastomosis for venous superdrainage if venous congestion occurs. However, generally, SIEV dissection involves greater invasiveness into the inguinal region, which can traumatize lymphatic tissue and lead to lymph accumulation...
February 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369109/is-unipedicled-transverse-rectus-abdominis-myocutaneous-flap-obsolete-owing-to-superiority-of-diep-flap
#16
Mark M Leyngold
BACKGROUND: Pedicled transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap was developed by Hartrampf in 1982 for breast reconstruction. Since deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap was popularized, it has become the criterion standard for abdominally based breast reconstruction owing to its low donor site morbidity, excellent cosmetic outcomes, and high success rates. The purpose of this review is to determine if a unilateral pedicle TRAM flap has become obsolete to DIEP flap...
January 24, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356717/retrospective-analysis-of-physician-based-surveys-published-in-oprs
#17
Mark A Prendes, Roxana Fu, Isaac W Lamb, William R Nunery, Alon Kahana, H B Harold Lee
PURPOSE: To review physician-based clinical surveys published in Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. METHODS: Complementary Ovid and PubMed searches of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery journal content were performed for the term "survey." Results were narrowed to studies that specifically addressed physicians' clinical practices. This search resulted in 162 articles, and after dual-investigator independent screening, 13 surveys met inclusion criteria...
January 19, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352346/the-evolution-of-breast-reduction-publications-a-bibliometric-analysis
#18
Ümran Muslu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to make a bibliometric analysis of the studies on breast reduction (BR) between the years 1980 and 2016 and identify important studies through trend topics as well as active authors, countries, universities, scientific journals, and citation and co-citation analyses about BR. BACKGROUND: Although BR looks like one of the cosmetic surgeries performed in order to restore the woman's appearance, in fact it is a reconstructive surgery that eliminates back pain, stance disorder, headache, shoulder pain, back and cervical disk hernia, difficulty in breathing, hollowness caused by bra straps, hygiene problems under breasts (e...
January 19, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349050/a-comparison-of-the-local-flap-and-skin-graft-by-location-of-face-in-reconstruction-after-resection-of-facial-skin-cancer
#19
Kyung Suk Lee, Jun Oh Kim, Nam Gyun Kim, Yoon Jung Lee, Young Ji Park, Jun Sik Kim
Background: Surgery for reconstruction of defects after surgery should be performed selectively and the many points must be considered. The authors conducted this study to compare the local flap and skin graft by facial location in the reconstruction after resection of facial skin cancer. Methods: The authors performed the study in patients that had received treatment in Department of Plastic Surgery, Gyeongsang National University. The cases were analyzed according to the reconstruction methods for the defects after surgery, sex, age, tumor site, and tumor size...
December 2017: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349049/the-reliability-of-the-transconjunctival-approach-for-orbital-exposure-measurement-of-positional-changes-in-the-lower-eyelid
#20
Sung Ho Yoon, Jin Hoon Lee
Background: Lower eyelid incisions are widely used for the orbital approach in periorbital trauma and aesthetic surgery. In general, the subciliary approach is known to cause disposition of the lower eyelid by scarring the anterior lamella in some cases. On the other hand, many surgeons believe that a transconjunctival approach usually does not result in such complications and is a reliable method. We measured positional changes in the lower eyelid in blowout fracture repair since entropion is one of the most serious complications of the transconjunctival orbital approach...
December 2017: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
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