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Perioperative

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088607/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-leads-to-a-restoration-of-von-willebrand-factor-vwf-abnormalities-in-patients-with-severe-aortic-stenosis-incidence-and-relevance-of-clinical-and-subclinical-vwf-dysfunction-in-patients-undergoing-transfemoral-tavi
#1
Alexander Sedaghat, Hannah Kulka, Jan-Malte Sinning, Nora Falkenberg, Julia Driesen, Barbara Preisler, Christoph Hammerstingl, Georg Nickenig, Bernd Pötzsch, Johannes Oldenburg, Hans-Jörg Hertfelder, Nikos Werner
BACKGROUND: In this study, we sought to analyze the incidence and relevance of von Willebrand factor (VWF) abnormalities in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), especially on perioperative bleeding. Furthermore, we hypothesized that, similar to aortic valve surgery, TAVI results in a restoration of VWF abnormalities. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a prospective analysis of periinterventional VWF parameters in 74 patients (80±7years, female in 37...
January 7, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088426/propensity-matched-comparison-of-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-with-thoracotomy-lobectomy-for-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#2
Kezhong Chen, Xun Wang, Fan Yang, Jianfeng Li, Guanchao Jiang, Jun Liu, Jun Wang
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer could be performed safely and with acceptable long-term outcomes by our improved technique and compared with standard thoracotomy lobectomy in a well-balanced population. METHODS: Patients with clinical stage II and III A non-small cell lung cancers who received lobectomy were reviewed. Video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomies were all performed with Wang's technique by the surgeons who had overcome the learning curve and achieved proficiency...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088181/acute-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-elderly-patients-with-hip-fracture-prevalence-risk-factors-and-outcome-with-development-and-validation-of-a-risk-prediction-model-for-acute-kidney-injury
#3
Christine J Porter, Iain K Moppett, Irene Juurlink, Jessica Nightingale, Christopher G Moran, Mark A J Devonald
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture is a common injury in older people with a high rate of postoperative morbidity and mortality. This patient group is also at high risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD), but little is known of the impact of kidney disease on outcome following hip fracture. METHODS: An observational cohort of consecutive patients with hip fracture in a large UK secondary care hospital. Predictive modelling of outcomes using development and validation datasets...
January 14, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087299/when-partial-nephrectomy-is-unsuccessful-understanding-the-reasons-for-conversion-from-robotic-partial-to-radical-nephrectomy-at-a-tertiary-referral-center
#4
Önder Kara, Matthew J Maurice, Pascal Mouracade, Ercan Malkoç, Julien Dagenais, Ryan J Nelson, Jaya Sai Chavali, Robert J Stein, Amr Fergany, Jihad H Kaouk
OBJECTIVE: To identify the preoperative factors associated with conversion from robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) to radical nephrectomy (RN), and to report the incidence of this event. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using our institutional review board-approved database, we abstracted data on 1023 RPN cases performed at our center between 2010 and 2015. Standard and converted cases were compared in terms of patients and tumor characteristics and perioperative, functional, and oncological outcomes...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087282/short-term-perioperative-teriparatide-therapy-for-the-prevention-of-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-a-randomized-controlled-preclinical-study-in-rats
#5
Mohammad Zandi, Arash Dehghan, Amirhossein Mohammadi-Mofrad, Payam Amini, Farshid Vahdatinia
OBJECTIVE: Dentoalveolar procedures in patients receiving bisphosphonates and other antiresorptive agents are associated with an increased risk of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). The aim of present study was to evaluate the effects of perioperative teriparatide (TPD) therapy in prevention of MRONJ. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Two protocols of TPD therapy were studied. For protocol A, 25 TPD-treated (AT) and 25 control (AC) rats received 5 weekly injection of 0...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086896/fast-track-surgery-versus-conventional-perioperative-management-of-lung-cancer-associated-pneumonectomy-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#6
Qing Dong, Kai Zhang, Shouqiang Cao, Jian Cui
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of fast-track surgery (FTS) on postoperative recovery, hospital stay, total medical costs, and the complications of pneumonectomy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Studies were performed between June 2012 and March 2014 in 17 patients received FTS and 18 patients given conventional management (control) after pneumonectomy in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, the Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University...
January 13, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086855/postoperative-fluid-overload-is-a-risk-factor-for-adverse-surgical-outcome-in-patients-undergoing-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer-a-retrospective-study-in-335-patients
#7
Torben Glatz, Birte Kulemann, Goran Marjanovic, Svenja Bregenzer, Frank Makowiec, Jens Hoeppner
BACKGROUND: Restrictive intraoperative fluid management is increasingly recommended for patients undergoing esophagectomy. Controversy still exists about the impact of postoperative fluid management on perioperative outcome. METHODS: We retrospectively examined 335 patients who had undergone esophagectomy for esophageal cancer at the University Hospital Freiburg between 1996 and 2014 to investigate the relation between intra- and postoperative fluid management and postoperative morbidity after esophagectomy...
January 13, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085513/-cleft-the-use-of-social-media-amongst-parents-of-infants-with-clefts
#8
Joseph S Khouri, Melisande J McCheyne, Clinton S Morrison
INTRODUCTION:   Many societies and organizations are using social media to reach their target audience. The extent to which parents of patients with craniofacial anomalies use social media has yet to be determined. The goal of this study is to characterize and describe the use of social media by the parents of children with cleft lip and palate as it pertains to the care of their child. MATERIALS AND METHODS:   Parents or guardian of all patients presenting for initial consultation regarding a child's congenital cleft anomaly were contacted by phone or mail to complete a survey regarding their use of social media vis-à-vis their child's cleft anomaly...
January 13, 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085213/transarterial-chemoembolization-prior-to-liver-transplantation-for-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-meta-analysis
#9
Tengfei Si, Yongjun Chen, Di Ma, Xiaoyong Gong, Ruoyu Guan, Boyong Shen, Chenghong Peng
BACKGROUND AND AIM: A debate exists over whether using preoperative transarterial chemoembolization for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma before liver transplantation. Numerous studies have been investigating on this, but there is still no unanimous conclusion about the effect of preoperative transarterial chemoembolization. We conducted the meta-analysis of all available studies to systematically evaluate the influence of preoperative transarterial chemoembolization on liver transplant...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085051/perioperative-search-for-circulating-tumor-cells-in-patients-undergoing-prostate-brachytherapy-for-clinically-nonmetastatic-prostate-cancer
#10
Hideyasu Tsumura, Takefumi Satoh, Hiromichi Ishiyama, Ken-Ichi Tabata, Kouji Takenaka, Akane Sekiguchi, Masaki Nakamura, Masashi Kitano, Kazushige Hayakawa, Masatsugu Iwamura
Despite the absence of local prostate cancer recurrence, some patients develop distant metastases after prostate brachytherapy. We evaluate whether prostate brachytherapy procedures have a potential risk for hematogenous spillage of prostate cancer cells. Fifty-nine patients who were undergoing high-dose-rate (HDR) or low-dose-rate (LDR) brachytherapy participated in this prospective study. Thirty patients with high-risk or locally advanced cancer were treated with HDR brachytherapy after neoadjuvant androgen deprivation therapy (ADT)...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084155/three-year-postoperative-outcomes-between-mis-and-conventional-tlif-in1-segment-lumbar-disc-herniation
#11
You Lv, Jingyang Chen, Jinchuan Chen, Yuling Wu, Xiangyang Chen, Yi Liu, Zhaoming Chu, Luxin Sheng, Rujie Qin, Ming Chen
AIM: The aim of this study is to assess the long-term clinical and radiological outcomes between minimally invasive (MIS) and conventional transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) in treating one-segment lumbar disc herniation (LDH). MATERIAL AND METHODS: One-hundred and six patients treated by MIS-TLIF (50 cases) or conventional TLIF (56 cases) were included. Perioperative results were evaluated. Clinical outcomes were compared preoperatively and postoperatively...
January 13, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084138/intraoperative-vasopressors-and-thrombotic-complications-in-free-flap-breast-reconstruction
#12
Jonas A Nelson, John P Fischer, Ritwik Grover, Priscilla Nelson, Alex Au, Joseph M Serletti, Liza C Wu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to critically examine intraoperative vasopressor usage as it relates to free flap perfusion and its effect on perioperative complications in autologous breast reconstruction. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed involving all free autologous breast reconstructions at a single institution over a 5 year period. Data collection focused on perioperative care, specifically fluid administration, urine output (UOP), use of vasopressors, and case duration...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083836/hand-assisted-laparoscopic-colectomy-improves-perioperative-outcomes-without-increasing-operative-time-compared-to-the-open-approach-a-national-analysis-of-8791-patients
#13
Harold J Leraas, Cecilia T Ong, Zhifei Sun, Mohamed A Adam, Jina Kim, Brian F Gilmore, Brian Ezekian, Uttara S Nag, Christopher R Mantyh, John Migaly
INTRODUCTION: Hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS) is often used in procedures too complex for completely minimally invasive approaches. However, there are concerns for whether this hybrid approach abrogates perioperative benefits of the completely minimally invasive technique. METHODS: We queried the 2012-2013 National Surgery Quality Improvement Program for adults undergoing elective HALS or open colectomy (OC). After propensity matching, short-term outcomes were compared...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083680/hybrid-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-vs-open-esophagectomy-a-matched-case-analysis-in-120-patients
#14
Torben Glatz, Goran Marjanovic, Birte Kulemann, Olivia Sick, Ulrich Theodor Hopt, Jens Hoeppner
PURPOSE: In esophageal surgery, total minimally invasive techniques compete with hybrid and robot-assisted procedures. The benefit of the individual techniques for the patient remains vague. At our institution, the hybrid minimally invasive laparoscopic-thoracotomic esophagectomy (HMIE) has been routinely applied since 2013. We conducted this retrospective study to analyze the perioperative outcome. METHODS: Since 2013, 60 patients were operated in HMIE technique for esophageal cancer...
January 12, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083624/-perioperative-management-of-patients-on-noacs
#15
C Kelm, K Engels
Regarding thromboembolic events, non-vitamin K antagonists, so-called new oral anticoagulative agents (NOACs), have widely enlarged prophylaxis and therapy. In contrast to vitamin K antagonists they can be administered in a definite dose and do not need any regular control of coagulation parameters. Thus being simple in handling, these drugs have become enormously attractive for both patient and physician.In spite of all their advantages NOACs have to be considered carefully. They have a significant disadvantage: the plasma concentration is not detectable by a simple blood test, nor is there any antidote available...
January 12, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083500/ineffective-ventilation-in-a-neonate-with-a-large-pre-carinal-tracheoesophageal-fistula-and-bilateral-pneumonitis-microcuff-endotracheal-tube-to-our-rescue
#16
Anju Gupta, Nishkarsh Gupta
Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is one of the most common congenital anomaly requiring surgical correction in neonatal period. The important goal of airway management is to avoid excessive gastric distension and ensure adequate ventilation prior to surgical ligation of the fistula. If a large fistula is present close to carina, excessive loss of delivered tidal volume may lead to ineffective ventilation. In addition, gastric distension elevates diaphragm and diminishes the lung compliance. If lung compliance is already impaired due to pre-existing lung pathology, situation becomes much more demanding...
January 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083481/robot-assisted-partial-cystectomy-for-treatment-of-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-of-the-bladder
#17
Charles Rotenberry, Katherine Dowd, Douglas Russell, Werner DeRiese, Sloan Teeple, Thomas Cammack
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors rarely occur in the urinary bladder. These masses follow an indolent course, but due to their histologic similarities to more malignant types of bladder masses, they must be differentiated with immunohistochemical staining. Once diagnosed, the mainstay of treatment for these masses is surgical resection. Due to advancements in robotic surgery, new surgical techniques can be employed to treat these masses with fewer perioperative complications. We report a case of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the urinary bladder in a 29-year-old male treated with robot-assisted partial cystectomy...
February 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082470/refraining-from-smoking-shortly-before-lobectomy-has-no-influence-on-the-risk-of-pulmonary-complications-a-case-control-study-on-a-matched-population%C3%A2
#18
Maria Rodriguez, Maria Teresa Gómez-Hernandez, Nuria Novoa, Marcelo F Jiménez, José L Aranda, Gonzalo Varela
OBJECTIVES: Whether or not smoking increases the risk of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) in lung resection patients remains controversial. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether active smoking at the time of surgery increases the risk of PPCs compared to abstention shortly before the procedure. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study on 378 patients who underwent non-extended lobectomy in our institution. Cases were active smokers at the time of surgery, and controls were patients who quit smoking at any time up to 16 weeks before surgery...
January 12, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082214/are-perioperative-bundles-associated-with-reduced-postoperative-morbidity-in-women-undergoing-benign-hysterectomy-retrospective-cohort-analysis-of-16-286-cases-in-michigan
#19
John A Harris, Anne G Sammarco, Carolyn W Swenson, Shitanshu Uppal, Neil Kamdar, Darrel Campbell, Sarah Evilsizer, John O DeLancey, Daniel M Morgan
BACKGROUND: Healthcare teams that frequently follow a bundle of evidence-based processes provide care with lower rates of morbidity. Few process bundles to improve surgical outcomes in hysterectomy have been identified. OBJECTIVES: To investigate if a bundle of four perioperative care processes is associated with fewer postoperative complications and readmissions for hysterectomies in the Michigan Surgical Quality Collaborative (MSQC). STUDY DESIGN: A bundle of perioperative care process goals was developed retrospectively with 30 day peri- and post-operative outcome data from the Hysterectomy Initiative in MSQC...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082031/reliability-of-percutaneous-pulmonary-vent-and-coronary-sinus-cardioplegia-in-the-setting-of-minimally-invasive-aortic-valve-replacement-a-single-center-experience
#20
Cataldo Labriola, Domenico Paparella, Giuseppe Labriola, Pierpaolo Dambruoso, Mauro Cassese, Giuseppe Speziale
OBJECTIVES: Evaluating the efficacy of 2 new percutaneous devices specifically designed to be placed through the right internal jugular vein, therefore named "necklines," for achieving retrograde cardioplegia and pulmonary venting in the setting of minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (MIAVR). DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: University-affiliated private hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients undergoing MIAVR. INTERVENTIONS: Necklines were placed by the anesthesiologist using transesophageal electrocardiography, with pressure guidance before the surgical procedure was initiated...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
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