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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641358/-pain-treatment-after-thoracic-surgery
#1
Holger Hendrix, Vladimir Kamlak, Georgi Prisadov, Katrin Welcker
The treatment of pain after thoracic surgery is a challenge and takes place in the individual clinics mostly according to clinic internal standards. It exists no currently valid S3 guideline for the treatment of acute perioperative and posttraumatic pain. For an effective pain treatment as well individual pain experience as the pain intensity of the various thoracic surgical procedures must be considered. Regular pain assessment with appropriate methods and their documentation form the basis for adequate and adapted pain therapy...
June 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641357/-the-german-thorax-registry-implementation-of-an-established-tool-of-perioperative-health-care-research
#2
Jérôme Defosse, Mark Schieren, Torsten Loop, Cerstin Arndt, Rainer Röhrig, Erich Stoelben, Corinna Ludwig, Alexander Schleppers, Frank Wappler, Mark Gerbershagen, Alberto Lopez-Pastorini
The collection of clinical treatment data in registry databases is an important aspect of health services research. It allows for a critical evaluation of the safety, efficacy and cost-effectiveness of clinical treatment concepts in large patient populations. The findings of registry research represent real-world patients and treatment structures as they are not limited by strict inclusion criteria or unrealistic conditions as applied in prospective clinical trials. The implementation of the German Thorax Registry has enabled the collection and analysis of data on the interdisciplinary care (thoracic surgery, anaesthesiology, intensive care, pain management) of patients undergoing thoracic surgery...
June 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641331/-surgical-treatment-of-pseudotumours-of-the-lung
#3
Zsolt Sziklavari, Annete Droste, Reiner Neu, Hans-Stefan Hofmann, Michael Ried
Introduction Pseudotumour of the lung is a collective term for various subentities. Some subgroups are considered to be intermediary malignant tumours. A pseudotumour is a rare condition, which makes it difficult to estimate its incidence and prevalence. Methods Retrospective analysis of all surgically treated patients between 2008 and 2015 diagnosed with a pseudotumour of the lung. The primary endpoint of this study was to estimate the rates of local recurrence and metastasis. Secondary endpoints were to determine the nomenclature, medical history, treatment, and the perioperative course...
June 22, 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641294/the-impact-of-gender-on-tumour-stage-in-in-house-complications-and-choice-of-urinary-diversion-results-of-the-austrian-cystectomy-registry
#4
Tanja Gschliesser, Klaus Eredics, Ingrid Berger, Michael Szelinger, Hans Christoph Klingler, Thomas Colombo, Anton Ponholzer, Eugen Plas, Karl Grubmüller, Michael Dunzinger, Klaus Jeschke, Erich Würnschimmel, Frens Steffen Krause, Sharokh Shariat, Karl Leeb, Alexandre Pelzer, Claus Riedl, Michael Rauchenwald, Wilhelm Hübner, Clemens Brössner, Stephan Madersbacher
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Bladder cancer is characterized by gender-dependent disparities. To further address this issue, we analysed a prospective, multicentre cystectomy registry. METHODS: An online database was developed that included patient demographics, intra/perioperative data, surgical data and in-house complications. RESULTS: Four hundred fifty-eight patients (112 [24.5%] women and 346 [75.5%] men) were analysed. Men and women were comparable regarding age (mean 68 years), body mass index (mean 26...
June 23, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640971/enhanced-recovery-programme-following-laparoscopic-colorectal-resection-for-elderly-patients
#5
Wei Gen Zeng, Meng Jia Liu, Zhi Xiang Zhou, Zhen Jun Wang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and safety of an enhanced recovery programme (ERP) in patients aged ≥75 years who undergo laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer. METHODS: Patients were divided into two groups according to perioperative management: the ERP group (Group A, n = 94) and the conventional perioperative care group (Group B, n = 157). The postoperative outcomes were compared between two groups. RESULTS: There were no differences in terms of age, gender, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, operative time or blood loss between two groups...
June 22, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640782/perioperative-venous-thromboembolism-a-review
#6
Ronald J Gordon, Frederick W Lombard
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a significant problem in the perioperative period, increasing patient morbidity, mortality, and health care costs. It is also considered the most preventable of the major postoperative complications. Despite widespread adoption of prophylaxis guidelines, it appears that morbidity from the disease has not substantially changed within the past 2 decades. It is becoming clear that current prophylaxis efforts are not sufficient. Using more potent anticoagulants may decrease the incidence of VTE, but increase the risk for bleeding and infection...
June 20, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640767/surgical-and-pathological-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-versus-abdominal-radical-hysterectomy-with-pelvic-lymphadenectomy-and-or-para-aortic-lymph-node-sampling-for-bulky-early-stage-cervical-cancer
#7
Tao Zhu, Xi Chen, Jianqing Zhu, Yaqing Chen, Aijun Yu, Lu Chen, Huafeng Shou, Meijuan Wu, Ping Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the feasibility, morbidity, and recurrence rate of total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LRH) with those of abdominal radical hysterectomy (ARH) for bulky early-stage cervical cancer. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 112 patients with stage IB1 or IIA2 cervical cancer in which the tumor diameter was 3 cm or greater. All patients underwent LRH (n = 30) or ARH (n = 82) with pelvic lymphadenectomy and/or para-aortic lymph node sampling between May 2011 and November 2014...
July 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637309/anterior-cervical-pseudarthrosis-treated-with-bilateral-posterior-cervical-cages
#8
William Smith, Mark Gillespy, Jason Huffman, Veasna Vong, Bruce M McCormack
BACKGROUND: Pseudarthrosis after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) causes persistent pain and related disability. Posterior revision surgery results in higher healing rates, but is more extensive compared to anterior surgery. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate minimally disruptive, tissue sparing posterior fusion via bilateral placement of posterior cages between the facet joints as an alternative treatment option. METHODS: A retrospective, multicenter, medical chart review was performed and included 25 patients with symptomatic pseudarthrosis after ACDF treated with posterior cervical cages, and in select cases, anterior revision...
June 14, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636990/impact-of-pretreatment-plasma-d-dimer-levels-and-its-perioperative-change-on-prognosis-in-operable-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#9
Jianbo Li, Zhifan Zheng, Min Fang
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between plasma D-dimer levels and its perioperative change and clinicopathological parameters in patients with operable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). We also analyzed their prognostic significance in ESCC patients. The data of 294 ESCC patients between December 2007 and December 2012 in Mingzhou hospital, Ningbo, China were analyzed retrospectively. Plasma D-dimer levels were measured one week before surgery and on the thirtieth postoperative day...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636506/incidence-and-predictors-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-detection-by-event-loop-recorder-monitoring-from-a-contemporary-multicentre-cohort
#10
Zainab Abdel-Salam, Wail Nammas
Background Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a frequent complication after cardiac surgery. We explored the incidence and predictors of post-operative AF at 30-day follow-up in an unselected multi-centre cohort of patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in contemporary practice. Methods and results We enrolled 740 consecutive patients scheduled for elective CABG with or without valve surgery. Cardiac rhythm was continuously monitored for 15 days after surgery by an ambulatory event loop recorder...
March 21, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636504/prognostic-value-of-the-new-high-sensitive-cardiac-troponin-t-assay-hs-ctnt-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#11
Arash Mehdiani, Payam Akhyari, Hiroyuki Kamiya, Joachim Ahlers, Erhard Godehardt, Alexander Albert, Udo Boeken, Artur Lichtenberg
Background The aim of the study was to assess the value of post-operative cardiac troponin T-levels, measured with a new highly sensitive assay (hs-cTnT), as a suitable parameter to predict patients' outcome after cardiac surgery. With the introduction of the new hs-cTnT assay the correlation between measured levels and the post-operative patient's outcome remains to be evaluated. Methods Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (n = 213) were included. Perioperative measurements of hs-cTnT and CK-MB were correlated to parameters of clinical outcome and further explored...
March 21, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635874/-subclavian-steal-syndrome
#12
A V Zavaruev
Literature data on the etiology, clinical picture, diagnostic variants and treatment of subclavian steal syndrome are reviewed. Different clinical variants and neurological symptoms of the syndrome are described. Multispiral computed tomography, along with ultrasound examination, is important in the diagnosis of the syndrome and its causes. The use of other methods is necessary for more accurate diagnosis and prevention of perioperative complications. The character of damage of subclavian arteries and brachiocephalic stem should be taken into account in the choice of an optimal method of surgical treatment...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635566/stone-size-is-a-predictor-for-residual-stone-and-multiple-procedures-of-endoscopic-combined-intrarenal-surgery
#13
Shimpei Yamashita, Yasuo Kohjimoto, Akinori Iba, Kazuro Kikkawa, Isao Hara
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the predictors of treatment results after endoscopic combined intrarenal surgery (ECIRS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 75 patients with renal stones who underwent ECIRS and a preoperative non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) examination. The stone-free rate (SFR), number of primary procedures and perioperative complications were investigated, and the predictors contributing to these three outcomes were analyzed...
February 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634646/the-role-of-robotics-in-the-invasive-management-of-bladder-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Pramit Khetrapal, Wei Shen Tan, Benjamin Lamb, Melanie Tan, Hilary Baker, James Thompson, Ashwin Sridhar, John D Kelly, Tim Briggs
Robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) has been adopted widely in many centres, owed largely to the success of robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP). It aims to replicate the oncological outcomes of open radical cystectomy (ORC), while providing a shorter recovery period. Despite this, previous RCTs have failed to show a benefit for RARC over ORC. These trials have compared extracorporeal RARC (eRARC) with ORC, which requires a further incision to mobilise the bowel for urinary reconstruction with an open technique...
August 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634567/aaa-rupture-and-psoas-hematoma-due-to-type-ii-endoleak-from-inferior-mesenteric-artery-unusual-collaterals
#15
Panagiotis G Theodoridis, Dimitrios N Staramos, Nikolaos Ptochis, Ioannis A Papailiou, Ilias Dodos, Nikolaos Iatrou, Anastasios G Potouridis, Konstantinos Dervisis
Although endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in the abdominal aorta has reduced the perioperative mortality when compared with open repair, the need for reintervention after complications such as endoleak may be presented in up to 20% of the cases. Type II endoleak from branch vessels is often benign but can potentially be associated with progressive abdominal aortic aneurysm growth and sac expansion. We present a rare case of a patient who presented with sac expansion and psoas hematoma due to Type II endoleak from "unusual" collaterals of IMA and was treated successfully with endoleak microembolization and percutaneous decompression of the hematoma...
2017: Case Reports in Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634542/angioedema-perioperative-management
#16
Andrew A Maynard, Christina F Burger, Joseph J Schlesinger
OBJECTIVE: To describe the perioperative management of a patient with acquired angioedema (AAE). METHODS: A 66-year-old Caucasian male presented from an outside hospital with a history of acquired angioedema and gastrointestinal stromal tumor-related intractable urticaria and mastocytosis. He was admitted for urgent laparoscopic partial gastrectomy, secondary to gastric outlet obstruction symptomatology. Previous combined attacks were characterized by a widespread rash, abdominal pain and respiratory distress resulting in hospitalization...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634312/-a-case-of-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-in-the-anterior-cranial-fossa-that-developed-remote-from-the-craniotomy-site-after-surgery
#17
Ichiro Kawahara, Takashi Fujimoto, Makoto Hirose, Keisuke Toyoda, Naoki Kitagawa
Dural arteriovenous fistula(dAVF)is relatively rare, and its etiology remains uncertain. Generally, dAVF is thought to be acquired and has been reported to develop secondary to sinus thrombosis, head injury, infection, and surgery. We report a rare case of dAVF in the anterior cranial fossa that developed remote from the craniotomy site after surgery. A 52-year-old man underwent surgery for hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage 4 years prior. Perioperative imaging modalities demonstrated no abnormal vascular malformation except for an un-ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm...
June 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633782/factors-predicting-length-of-hospital-stay-and-extended-care-facility-admission-after-hindfoot-arthrodesis-procedures
#18
Jacob Deister, Brian G Cothern, Chad Williams, Andrew W Froehle, Richard T Laughlin
Delayed identification of patients requiring admission to extended care facilities (ECFs) can lead to greater healthcare costs through an increased length of hospital stay (LOHS). Previous studies of hip and knee arthroplasty identified factors associated with a likely discharge to an ECF. These issues have not been extensively studied for major hindfoot procedures. We conducted a retrospective review of 198 cases treated during a 3-year period to identify the risk factors for an extended LOHS and ECF admission after ankle arthrodesis, triple arthrodesis, pantalar arthrodesis, and subtalar arthrodesis...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633780/subtalar-coalitions-does-the-morphology-of-the-subtalar-joint-involvement-influence-outcomes-after-coalition-excision
#19
Susan T Mahan, Victoria I Prete, Samantha A Spencer, James R Kasser, Sarah D Bixby
Posteromedial subtalar (PMST) coalitions are a recently described anatomic subtype of tarsal coalitions. We compared with clinical patient-based outcomes of patients with PMST and standard middle facet (MF) coalitions who had undergone surgical excision of their coalition. The included patients had undergone surgical excision of a subtalar tarsal coalition, preoperative computed tomography (CT), and patient-based outcomes measures after surgery (including the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society [AOFAS] scale and University of California, Los Angeles [UCLA], activity score)...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633652/spontaneous-rupture-of-the-common-hepatic-duct-associated-with-acute-pancreatitis-a-case-report
#20
Makram Moussa, Wissem Triki, Omar Karray, Ines Marzouk, Bouchoucha Sami
BACKGROUND: Rupture of the common bile duct is a life-threatening condition, usually observed after a trauma or in association with choledocholithiasis or an obstructive tumor of the bile duct. However, a spontaneous rupture of the common bile duct is a rare entity. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a new observation of a spontaneous rupture of the common bile duct, associated with biliary peritonitis and pancreatitis, in a 15-year-old North African girl. Etiological aspects, specificities of clinical presentation, means of diagnosis, as well as surgical and perioperative management are discussed...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
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