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International obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334944/recent-trends-in-body-mass-index-and-waist-circumference-among-children-and-adolescents-in-shandong-china
#1
Ying-Xiu Zhang, Shu-Rong Wang, Min Chen, Yan Cheng
Background: The present study examined the recent trends in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), and the prevalence of general and abdominal obesity among children and adolescents in Shandong, China. Methods: Data for this study were obtained from two cross-sectional surveys of schoolchildren carried out in 2010 and 2014 in Shandong Province, China. A total of 72 755 students aged 7-18 years were included in this study. The BMI cutoff points recommended by the International Obesity Task Force were used to define overweight and general obesity...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330819/childhood-excess-weight-in-spain-from-2006-to-2012-determinants-and-parental-misperception
#2
María D Ramiro-González, Belén Sanz-Barbero, Miguel Ángel Royo-Bordonada
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Due to the high prevalence of childhood obesity in Spain, we analyzed changes in its prevalence from 2006 to 2007 and from 2011 to 2012, as well as diet, sleep, and sedentary habits in 5- to 14-year-olds and parental misperceptions about their children's excess weight. METHODS: The sample was from the Spanish National Health Surveys for 2006 to 2007 (n=5590) and for 2011 to 2012 (n=3601). Data were collected by trained personnel through telephone interviews with parents/guardians...
March 18, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328160/co-morbidities-in-severe-asthma-clinical-impact-and-management
#3
REVIEW
Celeste Porsbjerg, Andrew Menzies-Gow
Patients with severe asthma represent a minority of the total asthma population, but carry a majority of the morbidity and healthcare costs. Achieving better asthma control in this group of patients is therefore of key importance. Systematic assessment of patients with possible severe asthma to identify treatment barriers and triggers of asthma symptoms, including co-morbidities, improves asthma control and reduces healthcare costs and is recommended by international guidelines on management of severe asthma...
March 22, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327105/association-of-physical-activity-on-body-composition-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-and-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-korean-population-from-the-fifth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2011
#4
Gwang-Sil Kim, Eui Im, Ji-Hyuck Rhee
BACKGROUND: Data regarding associations among physical activity (PA) level, body composition, and prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in Asian populations are rare. METHODS: The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was utilized to estimate PA levels and analyze the association of PA level with various body composition parameters and the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases by using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2008 to 2011...
March 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325931/body-mass-index-adjustments-to-increase-the-validity-of-body-fatness-assessment-in-uk-black-african-and-south-asian-children
#5
M T Hudda, C M Nightingale, A S Donin, M S Fewtrell, D Haroun, S Lum, J E Williams, C G Owen, A R Rudnicka, J C K Wells, D G Cook, P H Whincup
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: BMI (weight/height(2)) is the most widely used marker of childhood obesity and total body fatness (BF). However, its validity is limited, especially in children of South Asian and black African origins. We aimed to quantify BMI adjustments needed for UK children of black African and South Asian origins so that adjusted BMI related to BF in the same way as for white European children. METHODS: We used data from four recent UK studies which made deuterium dilution BF measurements in UK children of white European, South Asian and black African origins...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324798/conservative-management-of-an-unusual-bilioduodenal-fistula-post-laparoscopic-duodeno-ileal-switch-sadi-s-case-report
#6
E Chelala, E Adam, A Rizk, E Makhoul
INTRODUCTION: Single anastomosis duodeno-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S) is an advanced operation for morbid obesity. To our knowledge, no internal Biliodigestive Fistula has yet been reported as specific complication in the field of metabolic and bariatric Biliopancreatic diversion. CASE PRESENTATION: In this case report, we detail the case of a 57-year-old man who underwent a Single Anastomosis Duodeno-Ileal Switch (SADI-S) bariatric procedure for morbid obesity...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324453/analysis-of-the-main-risk-factors-for-gestational-diabetes-diagnosed-with-international-association-of-diabetes-and-pregnancy-study-groups-iadpsg-criteria-in-multiple-pregnancies
#7
M Cozzolino, C Serena, L Maggio, M P Rambaldi, S Simeone, G Mello, L Pasquini, M Di Tommaso, F Mecacci
INTRODUCTION: The aim is to investigate the proportion of multiple pregnancies with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) diagnosed using the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) criteria and to identify the impact of age, body mass index (BMI), and mode of conception on incidence of GDM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a single center, retrospective cohort study on 656 multiple pregnancies screened for GDM with 75-g, 2-h oral glucose tolerance test at 24-28 weeks of gestation, between January 2010 and January 2016...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323917/gh-treatment-in-children-with-prader-willi-syndrome-3-years-longitudinal-data-in-prepubertal-children-and-adult-height-data-from-kigs-database
#8
N E Bakker, A Lindberg, J Heissler, H A Wollmann, C Camacho-Hübner, A C Hokken-Koelega
Context: Longitudinal data of children with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) treated with Genotropin were registered in Pfizer-International-Growth-Database (KIGS). Objective: Evaluate efficacy and safety of GH-treatment in a unique large group of children with PWS. Design: Longitudinal data registered in KIGS, from 1987-2012. Setting: Worldwide retrospective cohort study. Patients: 522 prepubertal children treated with GH for 3 years and 173 children who had reached adult height...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323901/characterization-of-stromal-vascular-fraction-and-adipose-stem-cells-from-subcutaneous-preperitoneal-and-visceral-morbidly-obese-human-adipose-tissue-depots
#9
Karina Ribeiro Silva, Isis Côrtes, Sally Liechocki, João Regis Ivar Carneiro, Antônio Augusto Peixoto Souza, Radovan Borojevic, Clarissa Menezes Maya-Monteiro, Leandra Santos Baptista
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The pathological condition of obesity is accompanied by a dysfunctional adipose tissue. We postulate that subcutaneous, preperitoneal and visceral obese abdominal white adipose tissue depots could have stromal vascular fractions (SVF) with distinct composition and adipose stem cells (ASC) that would differentially account for the pathogenesis of obesity. METHODS: In order to evaluate the distribution of SVF subpopulations, samples of subcutaneous, preperitoneal and visceral adipose tissues from morbidly obese women (n = 12, BMI: 46...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321132/the-outcomes-of-health-promoting-communities-being-active-eating-well-initiative-a-community-based-obesity-prevention-intervention-in-victoria-australia
#10
K A Bolton, P Kremer, L Gibbs, E Waters, B Swinburn, A de Silva
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the Health Promoting Communities: Being Active Eating Well (HPC:BAEW, 2007-2010) initiative which comprised of community-based multi-component interventions adapted to community context in five separate communities. The intervention aimed to promote healthy eating, physical activity and stronger, healthier communities. METHODS: A mixed method and multi-level quasi-experimental evaluation of the HPC:BAEW initiative captured process, impact and outcome data...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321131/does-activation-of-midbrain-dopamine-neurons-promote-or-reduce-feeding
#11
L Boekhoudt, T J M Roelofs, J W de Jong, A E de Leeuw, M C M Luijendijk, I G Wolterink-Donselaar, G van der Plasse, R A H Adan
BACKGROUND: Dopamine (DA) signalling in the brain is necessary for feeding behaviour, and alterations in the DA system have been linked to obesity. However, the precise role of DA in the control of food intake remains debated. On the one hand, food reward and motivation are associated with enhanced DA activity. On the other hand, psychostimulant drugs that increase DA signalling suppress food intake. This poses the questions of how endogenous DA neuronal activity regulates feeding, and whether enhancing DA neuronal activity would either promote or reduce food intake...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303563/general-practitioners-and-preconception-weight-management-in-new-zealand
#12
Diana Fieldwick, Alesha Smith, Helen Paterson
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a growing concern internationally and a top priority for the World Health Organization. Preconception overweight, obesity and excess gestational weight gain significantly increase childhood obesity risk. Optimising preconception weight is a key preventative measure toward reducing childhood obesity. In 2014, the New Zealand (NZ) Ministry of Health released guidance for health practitioners on healthy weight gain in pregnancy in an effort to reduce the burden of childhood obesity...
March 17, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302612/difficult-lumbar-puncture-pitfalls-and-tips-from-the-trenches
#13
REVIEW
P A Hudgins, A J Fountain, P R Chapman, L M Shah
Lumbar puncture has, for many years, been the responsibility of the internal medicine physician or the neurologist. As more patients have undergone spine surgery and with the current increase in body mass index of the general population, the radiologist has been consulted with increasing frequency to perform lumbar puncture with fluoroscopic guidance. Radiology, in fact, is now the dominant overall provider of lumbar puncture procedures. The procedure is more difficult when the needle length increases, and if fluoroscopy is used, landmarks are more difficult to visualize with increasing subcutaneous fat...
March 16, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301840/why-early-prevention-of-childhood-obesity-is-more-than-a-medical-concern-a-health-economic-approach
#14
Diana Sonntag
BACKGROUND: Childhood overweight and obesity are a non-deniable health concern with increasing economic attention. SUMMARY: International studies provide robust evidence about substantial lifetime excess costs due to childhood obesity, thereby underscoring the urgent need to implement potent obesity prevention programs in early childhood. Fortunately, this is happening more and more, as evidenced by the increase in well-conducted interventions. Nevertheless, an important piece of the puzzle is often missing, that is, health economic evaluations...
March 17, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300759/overcoming-dietary-assessment-challenges-in-low-income-countries-technological-solutions-proposed-by-the-international-dietary-data-expansion-inddex-project
#15
Jennifer C Coates, Brooke A Colaiezzi, Winnie Bell, U Ruth Charrondiere, Catherine Leclercq
An increasing number of low-income countries (LICs) exhibit high rates of malnutrition coincident with rising rates of overweight and obesity. Individual-level dietary data are needed to inform effective responses, yet dietary data from large-scale surveys conducted in LICs remain extremely limited. This discussion paper first seeks to highlight the barriers to collection and use of individual-level dietary data in LICs. Second, it introduces readers to new technological developments and research initiatives to remedy this situation, led by the International Dietary Data Expansion (INDDEX) Project...
March 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299572/early-weight-loss-independent-effects-of-sleeve-gastrectomy-on-diet-induced-cardiac-dysfunction-in-obese-wistar-rats
#16
Tammy L Kindel, Tom Foster, Paul Goldspink, Steven J Kindel, John Corbett, Michael Widlanksy, Jennifer Strande
INTRODUCTION: Several reports suggest that bariatric surgery significantly improves cardiac function in patients with obesity cardiomyopathy. The mechanism is unknown but may be due to weight-loss independent factors. We predict that the changes in gastrointestinal anatomy after a rodent model of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) will have weight-loss independent effects on cardiac dysfunction. METHODOLOGY: Cardiac dysfunction was induced by feeding a 60% kcal from fat diet to male Wistar rats for 10 weeks...
March 15, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298369/metabolic-syndrome-in-finnish-women-7%C3%A2-years-after-a-gestational-diabetes-prevention-trial
#17
Jatta Puhkala, Jani Raitanen, Päivi Kolu, Pipsa Tuominen, Pauliina Husu, Riitta Luoto
BACKGROUND: Risk for developing metabolic syndrome (MeS) after delivery is high among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), but little is known about development of MeS among women with risk factors for GDM during pregnancy. In the present study, we studied the prevalence of MeS 7 years postpartum among women with GDM risk factors during pregnancy, women with early GDM diagnosis and women without GDM risk factors. We also analysed the early pregnancy risk factors associated with MeS...
March 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297798/-treatment-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-an-interpretation-of-the-european-clinical-guidelines-for-obesity-type-2-diabetes-and-digestive-disease
#18
F P He
Although many Chinese and international guidelines offer recommendations for the treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), there are also confusions in clinical practice, including the differences in drug indications, drug selection, the basic principles of lifestyle intervention, and key points in individual regimens between Chinese and international guidelines. In addition, there are also differences in many aspects including medical model and medical insurance system between the East and the West...
February 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293021/the-development-of-scientific-evidence-for-health-policies-for-obesity-why-and-how
#19
REVIEW
M B Richardson, M S Williams, K R Fontaine, D B Allison
Potential obesity-related policy approaches have recently been receiving more attention. While some have been implemented and others only proposed, few have been formally evaluated. We discuss the relevance, and in some cases irrelevance, of some of the types of evidence that are often brought to bear in considering obesity-related policy decisions. We discuss major methods used to generate such evidence, emphasizing study design and the varying quality of the evidence obtained. Third, we consider what the standards of evidence should be in various contexts, who ought to set those standards, as well as the inherent subjectivity involved in making policy decisions...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293020/untangling-the-relationship-between-diet-and-visceral-fat-mass-through-blood-metabolomics-and-gut-microbiome-profiling
#20
T Pallister, M A Jackson, T C Martin, C A Glastonbury, A Jennings, M Beaumont, R P Mohney, K S Small, A MacGregor, C J Steves, A Cassidy, T D Spector, C Menni, A M Valdes
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Higher visceral fat mass (VFM) is associated with an increased risk for developing cardio-metabolic diseases. The mechanisms by which an unhealthy diet pattern may influence VF development has yet to be examined through cutting-edge multi-omic methods. Therefore, our objective was to examine the dietary influences on VFM and identify gut microbiome and metabolite profiles that link food intakes to VFM. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In 2218 twins with VFM, food intake and metabolomics data available we identified food intakes most strongly associated with VFM in 50% of the sample, then constructed and tested the 'VFM diet score' in the remainder of the sample...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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