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International obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731489/sexual-health-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-body-weight-physical-activity-and-mental-state-factors-correlated-to-each-other
#1
Pier A Della Camera, Simone Morselli, Gianmartin Cito, Giovanni Tasso, Andrea Cocci, Nicola Laruccia, Fabrizio Travaglini, Dario Del Fabbro, Antonio R Mottola, Mauro Gacci, Sergio Serni, Marco Carini, Alessandro Natali
INTRODUCTION: Mediterranean diet has shown a protective role against cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer onset, microvascular damage and dementia in many trials. Our purpose is the assessment of a correlation between physical activity, Mediterranean diet, body mass index (BMI), depression and erection disorder (ED). METHODS: After having signed disclaimer to the study participation, we administered the IIEF 15 questionnaire (International Index of Erectil Function), the Hamilton questionnaire for major depression, the Med-Diet Questionnaire, the Ipaq Questionnaire (International Index of Physical Activity) to 245 patients and calculated the BMI...
July 14, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730679/weighing-in-on-international-growth-standards-testing-the-case-in-australian-preschool-children
#2
REVIEW
C L Pattinson, S L Staton, S S Smith, S G Trost, E F Sawyer, K J Thorpe
Overweight and obesity in preschool-aged children are major health concerns. Accurate and reliable estimates of prevalence are necessary to direct public health and clinical interventions. There are currently three international growth standards used to determine prevalence of overweight and obesity, each using different methodologies: Center for Disease Control (CDC), World Health Organization (WHO) and International Obesity Task Force (IOTF). Adoption and use of each method were examined through a systematic review of Australian population studies (2006-2017)...
July 21, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729411/recognized-obstructive-sleep-apnea-is-associated-with-improved-in-hospital-outcomes-after-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#3
Divyanshu Mohananey, Pedro A Villablanca, Tanush Gupta, Sahil Agrawal, Michael Faulx, Venugopal Menon, Samir R Kapadia, Brian P Griffin, Stephen G Ellis, Milind Y Desai
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an independent risk factor for many cardiovascular conditions such as coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, systemic hypertension, pulmonary hypertension, and stroke. However, the association of OSA with outcomes in patients hospitalized for ST-elevation myocardial infarction remains controversial. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used the nation-wide inpatient sample between 2003 and 2011 to identify patients with a primary discharge diagnosis of ST-elevation myocardial infarction and then used the International Classification of Diseases, Clinical Modification code 327...
July 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729178/elevated-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-patients-with-chronic-myelogenous-leukemia-seen-in-community-based-oncology-practices-in-the-united-states
#4
Anna D Coutinho, Dinara Makenbaeva, Eileen Farrelly, Pamela B Landsman-Blumberg, Daniel Lenihan
INTRODUCTION: Current National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines recommend that comorbidities, including cardiovascular disease (CVD), be considered when selecting tyrosine kinase inhibitors for the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). We report here the prevalence of CVD and its risk factors in patients with CML treated by community-based United States (US) oncologists. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Adult patients with a confirmed diagnosis of CML and ≥ 1 encounter after the first date of CML diagnosis in an electronic medical record database between January 1, 2005 and October 31, 2014 were enrolled...
June 17, 2017: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724442/impact-of-obesity-on-the-response-to-tumor-necrosis-factor-inhibitors-in-axial-spondyloarthritis
#5
Raphael Micheroli, Monika Hebeisen, Lukas M Wildi, Pascale Exer, Giorgio Tamborrini, Jürg Bernhard, Burkhard Möller, Pascal Zufferey, Michael J Nissen, Almut Scherer, Adrian Ciurea
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the impact of obesity on the response to tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). The aim of our study was to investigate the impact of different body mass index (BMI) categories on TNFi response in a large cohort of patients with axSpA. METHODS: Patients with axSpA within the Swiss Clinical Quality Management (SCQM) program were included in the current study if they fulfilled the Assessment in Spondyloarthritis International Society (ASAS) criteria for axSpA, started a first TNFi after recruitment, and had available BMI data as well as a baseline and follow-up visit at 1 year (±6 months)...
July 19, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724007/-mal-nutrition-and-the-new-epidemiological-trend-in-a-context-of-development-and-inequalities
#6
Nathália Paula de Souza, Pedro Israel Cabral de Lira, Annick Fontbonne, Fernanda Cristina de Lima Pinto, Eduarda Ângela Pessoa Cesse
The current context of intense social, economic and political transformations has contributed to changes in the health profile of the population and generated discussions about the impact of these changes on the reorganization of society. At the present moment, the increase in non-communicable illnesses and diseases raises major concerns about the paradox of malnutrition and obesity. Based on an in-depth reading and interpretation of texts, documents and databases, this article discusses issues related to nutrition, considering the dimensions of shortages and excesses, the evolution of nutrition over time, and the connection with the new epidemiological trend...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721147/the-importance-of-two-metabolic-syndrome-diagnostic-criteria-and-body-fat-distribution-in-predicting-clinical-severity-and-prognosis-of-acute-myocardial-infarction
#7
Marko Mornar Jelavic, Zdravko Babic, Hrvoje Pintaric
INTRODUCTION: The interrelation between metabolic syndrome (MetS) (the revised National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III) and International Diabetes Federation (IDF)) and obesity indices in predicting clinical severity and prognosis of acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is insufficiently known. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study included 250 acute STEMI patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention...
June 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720877/role-of-the-histone-deacetylase-inhibitor-valproic-acid-in-high-fat-diet-induced-hypertension-via-inhibition-of-hdac1-angiotensin-ii-axis
#8
J Choi, S Y Park, T K Kwon, S-I Sohn, K M Park, J I Kim
BACKGROUND: Obesity is known as an epidemic worldwide because of consumption of westernized high-fat diets and one of the major risk factors of hypertension. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) control gene expression by regulating histone/non-histone protein deacetylation. HDAC inhibitors exert anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory effects and play a protective role in cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, we tested the effect of an FDA-approved pan-HDAC inhibitor valproic acid (VPA) on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced hypertension in mice...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720876/not-performing-an-ogtt-results-in-significant-underdiagnosis-of-pre-diabetes-in-a-high-risk-adult-caucasian-population
#9
A S Meijnikman, C E M De Block, E Dirinck, A Verrijken, I Mertens, B Corthouts, L F Van Gaal
OBJECTIVE: Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is known to be underdiagnosed. Tests for diagnosis include fasting plasma glucose (FPG), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and HbA1c. HbA1c can be tested in non-fasting conditions. Therefore, general practitioners almost no longer execute OGTT's. We evaluated the performance of OGTT versus HbA1c in a population consisting of overweight and obese subjects, which can be considered a 'high risk' population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: 1241 overweight and obese subjects without a history of diabetes (Male/Female: 375/866, age 44±13 y, Body Mass Index 38...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720556/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-physical-activity-validation-study
#10
Gregory Knell, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Michael S Businelle, Kerem Shuval, David W Wetter, Darla E Kendzor
BACKGROUND: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) may elicit physical activity (PA) estimates that are less prone to bias than traditional self-report measures while providing context. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the convergent validity of EMA-assessed PA compared with accelerometry. METHODS: The participants self-reported their PA using International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) and wore an accelerometer while completing daily EMAs (delivered through the mobile phone) for 7 days...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718396/a-structured-literature-review-on-the-role-of-mindfulness-mindful-eating-and-intuitive-eating-in-changing-eating-behaviours-effectiveness-and-associated-potential-mechanisms
#11
Janet M Warren, Nicola Smith, Margaret Ashwell
The role of mindfulness, mindful eating and a newer concept of intuitive eating in modulating eating habits is an area of increasing interest. In this structured literature review, a summary of the current evidence is presented, together with details of interventions undertaken and the tools to measure outcomes. It is broad in scope given the emerging evidence base in this area. The review yielded sixty-eight publications: twenty-three interventions in obese/overweight populations; twenty-nine interventions in normal-weight populations; sixteen observational studies, three of which were carried out in overweight/obese populations...
July 18, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717859/estimated-costs-of-clinical-and-surgical-treatment-of-severe-obesity-in-the-brazilian-public-health-system
#12
Paula Rosales Zubiaurre, Luciana Ribeiro Bahia, Michelle Quarti Machado da Rosa, Roberto Pereira Assumpção, Alexandre Vontobel Padoin, Samanta Pereira Sussembach, Everton Nunes da Silva, Claudio Corá Mottin
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major global epidemic and a burden to society and health systems. This study aimed to estimate and compare the anual costs of clinical and surgical treatment of severe obesity from the perspective of the Brazilian Public Health System. METHODS: An observational and cross-sectional study was performed in three reference centers. Data collection on health resources utilization and productivity loss was carried out through an online questionnaire...
July 17, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715785/prenatal-exposure-estimation-of-bpa-and-dehp-using-integrated-external-and-internal-dosimetry-a-case-study
#13
M A Martínez, J Rovira, R Prasad Sharma, M Nadal, M Schuhmacher, V Kumar
Prenatal exposure to Endocrine disruptors (EDs), such as Bisphenol A (BPA) and di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), has been associated with obesity and diabetes diseases in childhood, as well as reproductive, behavioral and neurodevelopment problems. The aim of this study was to estimate the prenatal exposure to BPA and DEHP through food consumption for pregnant women living in Tarragona County (Spain). Probabilistic calculations of prenatal exposure were estimated by integrated external and internal dosimetry modelling, physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model, using a Monte-Carlo simulation...
July 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714521/longitudinal-relationships-between-cardiovascular-events-risk-factors-and-time-dependent-sleep-duration
#14
Daiki Kobayashi, Nagato Kuriyama, Yasuhiro Osugi, Hiroko Arioka, Osamu Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Although many studies have evaluated the relationships between sleep duration and cardiovascular (CV) events/risk factors, longitudinal associations with time-dependent sleep duration have not been adequately assessed. METHODS: A retrospective, longitudinal study was conducted involving individuals aged 20 years or older that received annual health check-ups at St. Luke's International Hospital from 2005 to 2010. Data collection included self-reported demographic, clinical and health habit information (including sleep duration; 6 <, 6-7, 7-8, 8 ≤), baseline examinations, and laboratory measures for each year...
July 17, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714097/a-randomized-comparative-pilot-trial-of-family-based-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-reducing-psychosocial-symptoms-disordered-eating-and-excess-weight-gain-in-at-risk-preadolescents-with-loss-of-control-eating
#15
Lauren B Shomaker, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Camden E Matherne, Rim D Mehari, Cara H Olsen, Shannon E Marwitz, Jennifer L Bakalar, Lisa M Ranzenhofer, Nichole R Kelly, Natasha A Schvey, Natasha L Burke, Omni Cassidy, Sheila M Brady, Laura J Dietz, Denise E Wilfley, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
OBJECTIVE: Preadolescent loss-of-control-eating (LOC-eating) is a risk factor for excess weight gain and binge-eating-disorder. We evaluated feasibility and acceptability of a preventive family-based interpersonal psychotherapy (FB-IPT) program. FB-IPT was compared to family-based health education (FB-HE) to evaluate changes in children's psychosocial functioning, LOC-eating, and body mass. METHOD: A randomized, controlled pilot trial was conducted with 29 children, 8 to 13 years who had overweight/obesity and LOC-eating...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712976/repetitive-eating-questionnaire-rep-eat-q-enlightening-the-concept-of-grazing-and-psychometric-properties-in-a-portuguese-sample
#16
Eva M Conceição, James E Mitchell, Paulo P P Machado, Ana R Vaz, Ana Pinto-Bastos, Sofia Ramalho, Isabel Brandão, Joana Botelho Simões, Marta de Lourdes, Ana Catarina Freitas
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Grazing has been associated with poor weight loss or weight regain in obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery, but research remains scarce and complicated by the use of different non-validated measures. The aim of this paper is to describe the validation of the Rep(eat)-Q, a self-report measure developed to assess grazing, and investigates its relationship with BMI and psychopathology. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 1223 university students and community participants (non-clinical; Study A) and 154 pre-bariatric and 84 post-bariatric patients (Study B) completed a set of self-report measures, including the Rep(eat)-Q (worded in Portuguese), to assess disordered eating, depression, anxiety, stress and impulsivity...
July 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712831/maternal-prepregnancy-weight-and-children-s-behavioral-and-emotional-outcomes
#17
Julianna Deardorff, Louisa H Smith, Lucia Petito, Hyunju Kim, Barbara F Abrams
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated associations between maternal prepregnancy BMI and child behaviors at ages 9-11 years and examine interaction by race and gender. METHODS: The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth and the Children and Young Adults surveys are U.S.-based, ongoing longitudinal studies, initiated in 1979 and 1986, respectively. Mothers (n=2,952) reported pregnancy and child (n=5,660) developmental information at multiple time points. Child total, internalizing, and externalizing problems at ages 9-11 years were assessed using the Behavior Problems Index (BPI), collected biennially until 2012...
July 7, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709414/effects-of-selected-socio-demographic-characteristics-on-nutrition-knowledge-and-eating-behavior-of-elementary-students-in-two-provinces-in-china
#18
Ling Qian, Fan Zhang, Ian M Newman, Duane F Shell, Weijing Du
BACKGROUND: National and international child health surveys have indicated an increase in childhood obesity in China. The increase has been attributed to a rising standard of living, increasing availability of unhealthy foods, and a lack of knowledge about healthy diet. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of selected socio-demographic characteristics on the BMI, nutrition knowledge, and eating behavior of elementary school children. METHODS: Multistage stratified cluster sampling was used...
July 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708572/diet-quality-overweight-and-daily-monetary-allowance-of-greek-adolescents
#19
Dimitrios Poulimeneas, Dimitrios Vlachos, Maria I Maraki, Efstratia Daskalou, Melpomene Grammatikopoulou, Lenia Karathanou, Emma Kotsias, Fotini Tsofliou, Maria Tsigga, Maria G Grammatikopoulou
Objective To investigate cross-correlates of pocket-money on diet quality and weight status of Greek adolescents. Methods A total of 172 adolescents (55.2% boys), aged between 10 and 15 years old were recruited. Body weight and height were measured, body mass index (BMI) was computed. Weight status was assessed according to the International Obesity Task Force criteria and diet quality was evaluated via the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) - 2010. Results Adolescents were allowed a mean allowance of €4.63 ± 3...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702810/epidemiology-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-according-to-iadpsg-who-2013-criteria-among-obese-pregnant-women-in-europe
#20
Aoife M Egan, Akke Vellinga, Jürgen Harreiter, David Simmons, Gernot Desoye, Rosa Corcoy, Juan M Adelantado, Roland Devlieger, Andre Van Assche, Sander Galjaard, Peter Damm, Elisabeth R Mathiesen, Dorte M Jensen, Liselotte Andersen, Annuziata Lapolla, Maria G Dalfrà, Alessandra Bertolotto, Urszula Mantaj, Ewa Wender-Ozegowska, Agnieszka Zawiejska, David Hill, Judith G M Jelsma, Frank J Snoek, Christof Worda, Dagmar Bancher-Todesca, Mireille N M van Poppel, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer, Fidelma P Dunne
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Accurate prevalence estimates for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) among pregnant women in Europe are lacking owing to the use of a multitude of diagnostic criteria and screening strategies in both high-risk women and the general pregnant population. Our aims were to report important risk factors for GDM development and calculate the prevalence of GDM in a cohort of women with BMI ≥29 kg/m(2) across 11 centres in Europe using the International Association of the Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG)/WHO 2013 diagnostic criteria...
July 12, 2017: Diabetologia
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