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Post ercp pancreatitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771767/risk-of-postendoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-pancreatitis-after-double-guidewire-biliary-cannulation-in-an-average-risk-population
#1
Joseph T Krill, Tomas DaVee, Jade S Edwards, J Chris Slaughter, Patrick S Yachimski
OBJECTIVES: Double-guidewire cannulation (DGC) for selective biliary access has been associated with increased risk of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) in patients who have had pancreatic duct (PD) contrast injection. The objective of this study was to determine whether DGC increases PEP risk in standard risk individuals when controlling for procedural aspects such as PD contrast injection. METHODS: Consecutive adults with native papillae who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography from 2009 to 2014 were retrospectively identified, and clinical data were collected...
May 17, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767390/safety-and-efficacy-of-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-for-choledocholithiasis-in-long-term-dialysis-a-propensity-score-analysis
#2
Sung Bum Kim, Kook Hyun Kim, Tae Nyeun Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Previous studies evaluating the safety of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing hemodialysis reported an increased risk of post-procedural bleeding. We investigated the safety and efficacy of ERCP for the treatment of choledocholithiasis in patients with ESRD undergoing long-term dialysis. METHODS: A total of 3466 patients who underwent ERCP due to choledocholithiasis between January 2000 and Feb 2018 were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively...
May 16, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761149/how-spyglass%C3%A2-may-impact-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-practice-and-patient-management
#3
Pedro Pereira, Filipe Vilas-Boas, Armando Peixoto, Patrícia Andrade, Joanne Lopes, Guilherme Macedo
Introduction: Cholangiopancreatoscopy with SpyGlass™ Direct Visualization System (SGDVS) is being used in specialized centers for improving the sensitivity of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with indeterminate pancreatobiliary strictures (PBS). The aims of this study were to report our initial experience with SGDVS in the evaluation of indeterminate PBS, and discuss the improvements of ERCP brought by this technique in our center. Methods: The usefulness of SGDVS in patients with indeterminate PBS (defined after nondiagnostic previous ERCP with brush cytology) was evaluated in a prospective observational cohort study conducted at a single tertiary biliopancreatic unit...
April 2018: GE Portuguese Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755786/laparoscopic-assisted-transgastric-ercp-a-single-institution-experience
#4
Katherine Habenicht Yancey, Lauren Katherine McCormack, Stephen Samuel McNatt, Myron Sheavictor Powell, Adolfo Zachariah Fernandez, Carl Joseph Westcott
Background: Laparoscopic-assisted transgastric endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (LAERCP) is used for treatment in patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), where transoral access to the biliary tree is not possible. We describe our technique and experience with this procedure. Methods: Electronic medical record search was performed from September 2012 to January 2016, identifying patients who underwent LAERCP per operative records. Charts were reviewed for demographic, clinical, and outcomes data...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731700/preventing-post-ercp-pancreatitis-the-role-of-prophylactic-pancreatic-duct-stenting-in-the-rectal-nsaid-era
#5
Noor-L-Houda Bekkali, Tom Thomas, Margaret Geraldine Keane, Sam Murray, Deepak Joshi, Ghassan Elsayed, Gavin James Johnson, Michael Huw Chapman, Stephen Paul Pereira, George John Mitchell Webster
Background: Rectal non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug at endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography is now the standard of care to reduce the risk of post-ERCP pancreatitis. Pancreatic duct stenting also reduces the risk of post- ERCP pancreatitis in high-risk patients, but failed pancreatic duct stenting carries an increased PEP rate (up to 35%). Study Aim: To assess the impact on post-ERCP pancreatitis of successful and unsuccessful pancreatic duct stent placement in the setting of universal rectal non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug use...
July 2017: JOP: Journal of the Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730907/is-the-isolated-tip-needle-knife-precut-as-effective-as-conventional-precut-fistulotomy-in-difficult-biliary-cannulation
#6
Tae Hoon Lee, Sang Heum Park, Jae Kook Yang, Su Jung Han, Suyeon Park, Hyun Jong Choi, Yun Nah Lee, Sang-Woo Cha, Jong Ho Moon, Young Deok Cho
Background/Aims: Needle-knife precut fistulotomy (NK-F) is a well-known freehand technique for difficult biliary cannulation (DBC). Another approach involves the Iso-Tome® , a modified precutting device with an insulated needle tip to prevent direct thermal injury. This comparative study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the Iso-Tome® precut (IT-P) compared to that of NK-F for DBC. Methods: Patients with a naïve papilla who underwent early IT-P or NK-F for DBC were enrolled...
May 4, 2018: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709935/use-of-nasopancreatic-drainage-for-severe-post-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-pancreatitis-a-case-series
#7
Shinya Kawaguchi, Masataka Kikuyama, Tatsunori Satoh, Shuzo Terada
Five patients complaining of severe pain due to severe post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography pancreatitis (PEP) underwent nasopancreatic drainage (NPD) placement. Pain relief was achieved on the second, fourth, and fifth day in three, one, and one patients, respectively. Four patients underwent pancreatic juice culture; all were positive. Our results suggest that NPD can relieve severe PEP with severe pain. Bacteria-induced protease-activated receptor-2 activation may be associated with PEP.
April 27, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687343/trans-gastric-ercp-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Alberto Aiolfi, Emanuele Asti, Emanuele Rausa, Daniele Bernardi, Gianluca Bonitta, Luigi Bonavina
BACKGROUND: Trans-oral endoscopic access to the pancreaticobiliary system is challenging after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Trans-gastric ERCP (TG-ERCP) has emerged as a viable option to manage patients with symptomatic post-RYBG choledocolithiasis. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the outcomes of TG-ERCP to better define the risk-benefit ratio of this procedure and to guide clinical decision-making. METHODS: A literature search was conducted to identify all reports on ERCP after RYGB...
April 23, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685042/pancreatic-stent-insertion-after-an-unintentional-guidewire-cannulation-of-the-pancreatic-duct-during-ercp
#9
Jesús García-Cano, Miriam Viñuelas Chicano, María Del Moral Martínez, Marta Muñiz Muñoz, Claudio Murillo Matamoros, Miguel Suárez Matías, Laura Valiente González, Teresa Martínez Pérez, Raquel Martínez Fernández, Carmen Julia Gómez Ruiz, José Ignacio Pérez García, Julia Morillas Ariño
INTRODUCTION: the guidewire (GW) may enter the pancreatic duct during common bile duct (CBD) cannulation attempts in endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). After GW passage into the pancreas, the most effective maneuver for CBD cannulation and pancreatitis prevention has not been determined. AIM: to study CBD cannulation and post-ERCP pancreatitis rates when a pancreatic stent is inserted after an unintentional GW cannulation of the pancreatic duct...
April 24, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667417/review-of-duodenal-perforations-after-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-hospital-puerta-de-hierro-from-1999-to-2014
#10
Elena Jiménez Cubedo, Javier López Monclús, José Luis Lucena de la Poza, Natalia González Alcolea, Pablo Calvo Espino, Arturo García Pavia, Victor Sánchez Turrión
INTRODUCTION: endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) remains the gold standard in biliary and pancreatic pathology. Although the procedure has a significant morbidity and mortality rate. Algorithms are needed for the management and treatment of the associated complications. OBJECTIVE: to review the post-ERCP perforations treated in the Department of General Surgery of the Hospital Puerta de Hierro from 1999 to 2014. The results were evaluated according to the types of perforation and treatment...
April 18, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667415/rectal-diclofenac-does-not-prevent-post-ercp-pancreatitis-in-consecutive-high-risk-and-low-risk-patients
#11
Lourdes Del Olmo Martínez, Benito Velayos Jiménez, Ana Almaraz Gómez
OBJECTIVE: rectal diclofenac is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is used to prevent pancreatitis in high-risk patients during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). The European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) recommends the use of prophylaxis with indomethacin or diclofenac in all patients undergoing ERCP, including those at low or intermediate risk of pancreatitis. A study to investigate the efficacy of this recommendation was performed...
April 18, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619673/pre-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-ercp-administration-of-rectal-indomethacin-in-unselected-patients-to-reduce-post-ercp-pancreatitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Rajat Garg, Babu P Mohan, Rajesh Krishnamoorthi, Tarun Rustagi
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have reported that peri-procedural administration of rectal indomethacin reduces the risk of pancreatitis in patients undergoing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Based on these studies, gastrointestinal (GI) societies recommend prophylactic rectal indomethacin for all patients undergoing ERCP. However, recent studies have reported contradictory results. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the pooled relative risk (RR) of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) in unselected patients who received rectal indomethacin before the ERCP (pre-ERCP) compared to patients who received pre-ERCP rectal placebo...
April 5, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607957/the-effectiveness-of-the-rectal-administration-of-low-dose-diclofenac-for-the-prevention-of-post-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-pancreatitis
#13
Mitsuru Okuno, Junko Shiroko, Daisuke Taguchi, Kimihiro Yamaguchi, Jun Takada, Susumu Imai, Hiroyuki Sato, Shinobu Thanabashi
Objective A 50-100-mg rectal dose of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs; diclofenac or indomethacin) has been shown to prevent post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP). However, this is higher than the recommended 25-mg dose that is commonly administered to Japanese patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of 25-mg rectal dose of diclofenac in preventing PEP. Methods Between January 2016 and March 2017, a total of 147 patients underwent ERCP with or without the rectal administration of diclofenac (25 mg) 20 min before the procedure...
March 30, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606135/fluid-hydration-to-prevent-post-ercp-pancreatitis-in-average-to-high-risk-patients-receiving-prophylactic-rectal-nsaids-fluyt-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Xavier J N M Smeets, David W da Costa, Paul Fockens, Chris J J Mulder, Robin Timmer, Wietske Kievit, Marieke Zegers, Marco J Bruno, Marc G H Besselink, Frank P Vleggaar, Rene W M van der Hulst, Alexander C Poen, Gerbrand D N Heine, Niels G Venneman, Jeroen J Kolkman, Lubbertus C Baak, Tessa E H Römkens, Sven M van Dijk, Nora D L Hallensleben, Wim van de Vrie, Tom C J Seerden, Adriaan C I T L Tan, Annet M C J Voorburg, Jan-Werner Poley, Ben J Witteman, Abha Bhalla, Muhammed Hadithi, Willem J Thijs, Matthijs P Schwartz, Jan Maarten Vrolijk, Robert C Verdonk, Foke van Delft, Yolande Keulemans, Harry van Goor, Joost P H Drenth, Erwin J M van Geenen
BACKGROUND: Post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP) is the most common complication of ERCP and may run a severe course. Evidence suggests that vigorous periprocedural hydration can prevent PEP, but studies to date have significant methodological drawbacks. Importantly, evidence for its added value in patients already receiving prophylactic rectal non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is lacking and the cost-effectiveness of the approach has not been investigated...
April 2, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600432/catheter-probe-extraductal-ultrasound-edus-exploration-of-the-common-bile-duct-is-safe-in-elderly-patients-with-suspicion-of-choledocholithiasis-after-distal-gastrectomy
#15
Thomas Togliani, Stefano Pilati, Andrea Lisotti, Giancarlo Caletti, Pietro Fusaroli
PURPOSE: Post-surgical upper gastrointestinal anatomy may hamper a complete bilio-pancreatic evaluation with a standard echoendoscope. The aim of this study was to assess the role of catheter probe extraductal ultrasound (EDUS) for the evaluation of the common bile duct (CBD) in patients who are status post-gastric surgery and who are suspected of having choledocholithiasis. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients with a prior history of gastric surgery, who underwent EDUS for a suspicion of CBD obstruction...
March 29, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587332/-french-comment-on-article-aggressive-intravenous-hydration-with-lactated-ringer-s-solution-for-prevention-of-post-ercp-pancreatitis-a-prospective-randomized-multicenter-clinical-trial
#16
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576766/use-of-nsaids-via-the-rectal-route-for-the-prevention-of-pancreatitis-after-ercp-in-all-risk-patients-an-updated-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Lei-Min Yu, Ke-Jia Zhao, Bin Lu
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of the rectal administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in preventing post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP). We searched database for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing periprocedural rectal administration of NSAIDs with placebo for the prevention of PEP. The rectal administration of NSAIDs significantly decreased the incidence of PEP in the whole patient population (odds ratio (OR): 0.44, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.30-0.64, P < 0...
2018: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560692/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-ercp-in-octogenarians-a-comparison-of-two-geriatric-age-cohorts
#18
A E Yıldırım, Z A Öztürk, B T Konduk, A Balkan, B Edizer, M T Gulsen, M C Savas, A Kadayıfcı
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The application of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in the octogenarian population is limited. The aim of the study was to compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes of ERCP in octogenarian patients with non-octogenarian elderly patients. MATERIALS METHODS: A total of 1044 patients who underwent ERCP for the first time and are over the age of 65 were enrolled in this study. Data regarding demographic characteristics, medical history of patients, indications, technical success rate, final clinical diagnosis and complications were analyzed...
April 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560645/comparison-of-side-viewing-duodenoscope-and-single-balloon-enteroscope-to-perform-ercp-in-patients-with-billroth-ii-gastrectomy
#19
G Mbatshi, E J Macken, H U De Schepper, H Piessevaux, P H Deprez, T G Moreels
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in Billroth II patients is challenging and different endoscopes can be used. We retrospectively analysed 67 ERCP procedures in 38 Billroth II patients focussing on endoscope type and respective technical success and adverse event rate. 33 (49.2 %) ERCPs were performed using a duodenoscope, 87.9 % were successful and 3 were completed with the single-balloon enteroscope. 28 (41.8 %) ERCPs were performed with the single-balloon enteroscope, 82.1 % were successful and 2 were completed with a paediatric colonoscope...
October 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550097/effect-of-somatostatin-on-prevention-of-post-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-pancreatitis-and-hyperamylasemia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Guiliang Wang, Gui Xiao, Linfang Xu, Ping Qiu, Ting Li, Xiaoli Wang, Ping Wen, Jianbo Wen, Xianzhong Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To perform a meta-analysis of all available studies on the effect of prophylactic somatostatin administration on prevention of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP) and post-ERCP hyperamylasemia (PEHA). METHODS: Electronic databases, including PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane library, and the Science Citation Index were searched to retrieve relevant trials. Randomized, placebo-controlled trials in adult patients that compared somatostatin versus placebo in prevention of PEP were included...
March 10, 2018: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
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