keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sibo

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152094/xenotransplantation-of-pediatric-low-grade-gliomas-confirms-the-enrichment-of-braf-v600e-mutation-and-preservation-of-cdkn2a-deletion-in-a-novel-orthotopic-xenograft-mouse-model-of-progressive-pleomorphic-xanthoastrocytoma
#1
Mari Kogiso, Lin Qi, Holly Lindsay, Yulun Huang, Xiumei Zhao, Zhigang Liu, Frank K Braun, Yuchen Du, Huiyuan Zhang, Goeun Bae, Sibo Zhao, Sarah G Injac, Mary Sobieski, David Brunell, Vidya Mehta, Diep Tran, Jeffrey Murray, Patricia A Baxter, Xiao-Jun Yuan, Jack M Su, Adekunle Adesina, Laszlo Perlaky, Murali Chintagumpala, D Williams Parsons, Ching C Lau, Clifford C Stephan, Xinyan Lu, Xiao-Nan Li
To identify cellular and molecular changes that driver pediatric low grade glioma (PLGG) progression, we analyzed putative cancer stem cells (CSCs) and evaluated key biological changes in a novel and progressive patient-derived orthotopic xenograft (PDOX) mouse model. Flow cytometric analysis of 22 PLGGs detected CD133(+) (<1.5%) and CD15(+) (20.7 ± 28.9%) cells, and direct intra-cranial implantation of 25 PLGGs led to the development of 1 PDOX model from a grade II pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA). While CSC levels did not correlate with patient tumor progression, neurosphere formation and in vivo tumorigenicity, the PDOX model, IC-3635PXA, reproduced key histological features of the original tumor...
October 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150304/are-the-estrogenic-hormonal-effects-of-environmental-toxins-affecting-small-intestinal-bacterial-and-microfilaria-overgrowth
#2
Edward Lichten
The important role of microfilaria (worms) in human and animal disease remains an area of key disagreement between the naturopathic and allopathic physicians. While microfilaria infections are rampart in undeveloped countries, they rarely rise to identification as a cause of disease in Western countries. New research studies in the diagnosis and treatment of SIBO (Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth) and (IBD) Inflammatory Bowel Diseases of ulcerative colitis, Crohn's Disease and microcytic colitis may make both sides equally correct...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118931/outcome-of-breath-tests-in-adult-patients-with-suspected-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth
#3
Johanna Mattsson, Maria Teresa Minaya, Milka Monegro, Benjamin Lebwohl, Suzanne K Lewis, Peter Hr Green, Reidun Stenberg
Aim: The aim was to investigate breath test outcomes in patients with suspected SIBO and indicative symptoms of SIBO, diagnosed by breath testing. Background: Breath testing is used to detect small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) by measuring hydrogen and methane produced by intestinal bacteria. Methods: This retrospective cross sectional study included 311 patients with gastrointestinal symptoms who underwent the breath test for evaluation of SIBO at Celiac Disease Center at Columbia University, New York, in 2014-2015...
2017: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116762/formation-of-hierarchical-in2s3-cdin2s4-heterostructured-nanotubes-for-efficient-and-stable-visible-light-co2-reduction
#4
Sibo Wang, Bu Yuan Guan, Yan Lu, Xiong Wen David Lou
We demonstrate rational design and fabrication of hierarchical In2S3-CdIn2S4 heterostructured nanotubes as efficient and stable photocatalysts for visible light CO2 reduction. The novel self-templated strategy, including sequential anion- and cation-exchange reactions, integrates two distinct sulfide semiconductors into hierarchical tubular hybrids with homogeneous interfacial contacts and ultrathin two-dimensional (2D) nanosheet subunits. Accordingly, the hierarchical heterostructured nanotubes facilitate separation and migration of photoinduced charge carriers, enhance the adsorption and concentration of CO2 molecules, and offer rich active sites for surface redox reactions...
November 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110161/association-between-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-by-glucose-breath-test-and-coronary-artery-disease
#5
Andre Fialho, Andrea Fialho, Gursimran Kochhar, Aldo L Schenone, Prashanti Thota, Arthur J McCullough, Bo Shen
BACKGROUND: A possible role of gut bacteria and their metabolic by-products in the development of coronary artery disease (CAD) is suspected. There is a lack of studies evaluating the association of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) with the development of CAD. AIM: To evaluate the frequency and risk factors for angiography-confirmed CAD in patients with or without SIBO. METHODS: A total of 1059 patients tested for SIBO using the glucose hydrogen/methane breath test from 2006 to 2014 were evaluated...
November 6, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101772/liver-disease-symptoms-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth
#6
Rahmatollah Rafiei, Mahboobeh Bemanian, Fereshteh Rafiei, Mahmood Bahrami, Lotfollah Fooladi, Giti Ebrahimi, Ahmadreza Hemmat, Zahra Torabi
INTRODUCTION: It seems that there is a relationship between small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The main objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of SIBO among NAFLD patients. METHODS: In this descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study, 98 eligible NAFLD patients were evaluated for SIBO using hydrogen breath test (HBT). They were divided into SIBO-positive and SIBO-negative groups. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were obtained...
October 26, 2017: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093626/faecal-microbiota-transplantation-in-patients-with-clostridium-difficile-and-significant-comorbidities-as-well-as-in-patients-with-new-indications-a-case-series
#7
Perttu Lahtinen, Eero Mattila, Veli-Jukka Anttila, Jyrki Tillonen, Matti Teittinen, Pasi Nevalainen, Seppo Salminen, Reetta Satokari, Perttu Arkkila
Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is effective in recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (rCDI). Knowledge of the safety and efficacy of FMT treatment in immune deficient patients is scarce. FMT has been suggested as a potential method for an increasing number of new indications besides rCDI. Among our FMT-treated rCDI patients, we reviewed those with major comorbidities: two human immunodeficiency virus patients, six haemodialysis patients, two kidney transplant patients, two liver transplant patients and a patient with chronic lymphatic leukaemia...
October 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049893/fecal-microbiota-analysis-of-children-with-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-among-residents-of-an-urban-slum-in-brazil
#8
Carolina Santos Mello, Mirian Silva do Carmo Rodrigues, Humberto Bezerra de Araújo Filho, Lígia Cristina Fonseca Lahoz Melli, Soraia Tahan, Antônio Carlos Campos Pignatari, Mauro Batista de Morais
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the fecal microbiota composition of children living in an urban slum in Brazil, with or without small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, and to investigate the occurrence of stunting and anemia. METHODS: A total of 100 children were studied, aged 5-11 years, from the municipality of Osasco, São Paulo. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth was screened through hydrogen and methane breath test with lactulose. Weight and height were measured, and the height-for-age and body mass-for-age anthropometric indexes were calculated...
October 16, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035975/breath-hydrogen-testing-in-east-and-southeast-asia
#9
Chu Kion Yao, Natural Hoi Sing Chu, Victoria Ping Yi Tan
Breath hydrogen tests are popular, noninvasive tests for the assessment of carbohydrate fermentation in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional dyspepsia (FD). There is limited information regarding the utility of breath hydrogen and methane tests in IBS and FD patients in East and Southeast Asia. This review aims to summarize current literature about common indications of breath testing in this region, the genesis of functional gastrointestinal symptoms by provocative breath testing and provide suggestions for correct use...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034439/low-grade-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-is-common-in-patients-with-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-on-quantitative-jejunal-aspirate-culture
#10
Uday C Ghoshal, Chalamalasetty Sreenivasa Baba, Ujjala Ghoshal, George Alexander, Asha Misra, Vivek A Saraswat, Gourdas Choudhuri
BACKGROUND: Though pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is unclear, association with small intestinal bacterial overgrowth [SIBO] and fecal dysbiosis is suggested. We evaluated SIBO in NASH using quantitative jejunal aspirate culture (conventional criteria: ≥ 10(5) colony forming unit (CFU)/mL and newer cutoff ≥ 10(3) CFU/mL) and glucose hydrogen breath test. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with NASH (age 37.5 years, range 20-54, 9, 24% female), diagnosed by ultrasonography, alanine aminotransferase >1...
October 16, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033791/protein-synthesis-inhibition-and-activation-of-the-c-jun-n-terminal-kinase-are-potential-contributors-to-cisplatin-ototoxicity
#11
Brian D Nicholas, Shimon Francis, Elizabeth L Wagner, Sibo Zhang, Jung-Bum Shin
Cisplatin has been regarded as an effective and versatile chemotherapeutic agent for nearly 40 years. Though the associated dose-dependent ototoxicity is known, the cellular mechanisms by which cochleovestibular hair cell death occur are not well understood. We have previously shown that aminoglycoside ototoxicity is mediated in part by cytosolic protein synthesis inhibition. Despite a lack of molecular similarity, aminoglycosides were shown to elicit similar stress pathways to cisplatin. We therefore reasoned that there may be some role of protein synthesis inhibition in cisplatin ototoxicity...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988228/the-relationship-between-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-among-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents
#12
Oana Belei, Laura Olariu, Andreea Dobrescu, Tamara Marcovici, Otilia Marginean
BACKGROUND: The increasing rate of obesity and overweight among children has highlighted nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) as the most common cause of chronic pediatric liver diseases. There are many publications supporting the idea that gut microbiota is altered in NAFLD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of NAFLD among overweight and obese children with and without small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) compared to a control group and to assess if intestinal dysbiosis represents a risk factor for NAFLD...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958688/what-influenced-the-lesion-patterns-and-hemodynamic-characteristics-in-patients-with-internal-carotid-artery-stenosis-a-retrospective-study
#13
Jinjie Liu, Hong Wang, Meiyan Zhang, Xiaowen Sui, Furong Li, Zanhua Liu, Sibo Liu, Hongling Zhao
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the dynamic changes of lesion patterns and hemodynamic characteristics in patients with internal carotid artery stenosis (ICAS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who had suffered an acute ischemic stroke in the distribution of ipsilateral ICAS were included. Computed tomography (CT) and transcranial doppler ultrasound (TCD) were conducted to evaluate the degree of ICAS and the hemodynamic characteristics of the intracranial and extracranial arteries...
August 23, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952172/bio-inspired-carbon-monoxide-sensors-with-voltage-activated-sensitivity
#14
Suchol Savagatrup, Vera Schroeder, Xin He, Sibo Lin, Maggie He, Omar Yassine, Khaled N Salama, Xi-Xiang Zhang, Timothy M Swager
Carbon monoxide (CO) outcompetes oxygen when binding to the iron center of hemeproteins, leading to a reduction in blood oxygen level and acute poisoning. Harvesting the strong specific interaction between CO and the iron porphyrin provides a highly selective and customizable sensor. We report the development of chemiresistive sensors with voltage-activated sensitivity for the detection of CO comprising iron porphyrin and functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes (F-SWCNTs). Modulation of the gate voltage offers a predicted extra dimension for sensing...
November 6, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940740/obesity-increases-the-risk-of-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-sibo
#15
B C Roland, D Lee, L S Miller, A Vegesna, R Yolken, E Severance, E Prandovszky, X E Zheng, G E Mullin
BACKGROUND: Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) has been associated with anatomical and motility-related abnormalities. Specifically, obesity has been postulated to alter small bowel motility, leading to SIBO. AIMS: (i) Assess the prevalence of SIBO in obesity; (ii) determine the relationship of obesity and SIBO, using small bowel transit time (SBTT) and pH; (iii) profile the gut microbiome in obese and non-obese patients with SIBO. METHODS: Thirty consecutive participants referred for SIBO underwent lactulose breath tests (LBTs) and wireless motility capsule (WMC) studies...
September 21, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939353/reproducibility-in-contouring-the-neurovascular-bundle-for-prostate-cancer-radiation-therapy
#16
Richard J Cassidy, Sherif G Nour, Tian Liu, Jeffrey M Switchenko, Sibo Tian, Matthew J Ferris, Robert H Press, Jim Zhong, Mustafa Abugideiri, Peter J Rossi, Ashesh B Jani
PURPOSE: Efforts to define the neurovascular bundle (NVB) for prostate radiation have varied. In this series, we sought to determine the reproducibility and reliability of contouring the classical posterolateral NVB on dedicated pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 120 NVB structures were defined on 10 3-Tesla pelvic MRI scans in patients with prostate cancer but without extraprostatic extension. One pelvic radiologist served as the expert in contouring the right and left NVB for each case...
August 3, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929150/developing-an-efficient-nico2s4-cocatalyst-for-improving-the-visible-light-h2-evolution-performance-of-cds-nanoparticles
#17
Junwen Peng, Junli Xu, Zhaoyu Wang, Zhengxin Ding, Sibo Wang
Developing efficient alternatives to the widely used Pt cocatalyst in photocatalytic H2O splitting is of great importance in view of large-scale production of clear H2 energy. Herein, we report the facile synthesis of NiCo2S4 and its first use as a highly active and cost-affordable cocatalyst to boost visible light H2 generation with the CdS semiconductor. The synthesized NiCo2S4/CdS composite materials are fully characterized by various techniques including X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV-Vis diffusion reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), and N2 adsorption measurements...
October 4, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919394/concomitant-chemotherapy-and-radiotherapy-with-sbrt-boost-for-unresectable-stage-iii-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-phase-i-study
#18
Kristin A Higgins, Rathi N Pillai, Zhengjia Chen, Sibo Tian, Chao Zhang, Pretesh Patel, Suchita Pakkala, Jay Shelton, Seth D Force, Felix G Fernandez, Conor E Steuer, Taofeek K Owonikoko, Suresh S Ramalingam, Jeffrey D Bradley, Walter J Curran
OBJECTIVES: Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is now the standard of care in medically inoperable stage I NSCLC, yielding high rates of local control. It is unknown whether SBRT can be safely utilized in the locally advanced NSCLC setting. This multi-institution phase I study evaluated the safety of 44 Gy of conventionally fractionated thoracic radiation with concurrent chemotherapy plus dose-escalated SBRT boost to both the primary tumor and involved mediastinal lymph nodes...
November 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913777/diabetes-and-the-small-intestine
#19
REVIEW
Jonathan Gotfried, Stephen Priest, Ron Schey
Diabetes mellitus (DM) and its associated complications are becoming increasingly prevalent. Gastrointestinal symptoms associated with diabetes is known as diabetic enteropathy (DE) and may manifest as either diarrhea, fecal incontinence, constipation, dyspepsia, nausea, and vomiting or a combination of symptoms. The long-held belief that vagal autonomic neuropathy is the primary cause of DE has recently been challenged by newer theories of disease development. Specifically, hyperglycemia and the resulting oxidative stress on neural networks, including the nitrergic neurons and interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC), are now believed to play a central role in the development of DE...
December 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881849/advances-in-single-cell-rna-sequencing-and-its-applications-in-cancer-research
#20
REVIEW
Sibo Zhu, Tao Qing, Yuanting Zheng, Li Jin, Leming Shi
Unlike population-level approaches, single-cell RNA sequencing enables transcriptomic analysis of an individual cell. Through the combination of high-throughput sequencing and bioinformatic tools, single-cell RNA-seq can detect more than 10,000 transcripts in one cell to distinguish cell subsets and dynamic cellular changes. After several years' development, single-cell RNA-seq can now achieve massively parallel, full-length mRNA sequencing as well as in situ sequencing and even has potential for multi-omic detection...
August 8, 2017: Oncotarget
keyword
keyword
20389
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"