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Gastrointestinal Plexiform fibromyxoma

G M Hu, H P Chen, Q Y Liu, X C Shi, H F Wu, Y K Feng, J L Ren, C F Wang
Objective: To analyse the clinicopathologic features of gastric plexiform fibromyxoma (PF) including diagnosis, differential diagnosis, immunohistochemistry and molecular pathology. Methods: Eight cases of PF were collected from June 2006 to June 2017 at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University and the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. The clinicopathologic findings of eight cases of PF were retrospectively analyzed, and immunohistochemistry (EnVision method) and molecular detection of glioma-associated oncogene homologue 1 (GLI1) gene translocation were performed...
April 8, 2018: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Kinga Szurian, Holger Till, Eva Amerstorfer, Nicole Hinteregger, Hans-Jörg Mischinger, Bernadette Liegl-Atzwanger, Iva Brcic
Plexiform fibromyxoma is a very rare mesenchymal tumor of the stomach, found almost exclusively in the antrum/pylorus region. The most common presenting symptoms are anemia, hematemesis, nausea and unintentional weight loss, without sex or age predilection. We describe here two cases of plexiform fibromyxoma, involving a 16-year-old female and a 34-year-old male. Both patients underwent complete resection (R0) by distal gastrectomy and retrocolic gastrojejunostomy (according to Billroth 2); for both, the postoperative course was uneventful...
August 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Rondell P Graham, Asha A Nair, Jaime I Davila, Long Jin, Jin Jen, William R Sukov, Tsung-Teh Wu, Henry D Appelman, Jorge Torres-Mora, Kyle D Perry, Lizhi Zhang, Sara M Kloft-Nelson, Ryan A Knudson, Patricia T Greipp, Andrew L Folpe
Gastroblastoma is a rare distinctive biphasic tumor of the stomach. The molecular biology of gastroblastoma has not been studied, and no affirmative diagnostic markers have been developed. We retrieved two gastroblastomas from the consultation practices of the authors and performed transcriptome sequencing on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue. Recurrent predicted fusion genes were validated at genomic and RNA levels. The presence of the fusion gene was confirmed on two additional paraffin-embedded cases of gastroblastoma...
October 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Jun Zhou, Jingjing Xu, Guozhong Jiang, Yihui Ma, Jingwen Qi, Wencai Li, Dandan Zhang
Gastric plexiform fibromyxoma (PF) is a rare mesenchymal tumor with a histologically distinctive multinodular pattern, dissimilar to conventional gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). The current study presents one case of gastric PF, and one case of GIST with a platelet-derived growth factor receptor α (PDGFRA) mutation mimicking PF, and discusses their differential diagnoses. The two patients were a 51-year-old male with PF and a 47-year-old female with GIST, each of whom presented with an occupying lesion in the gastric antrum...
February 2017: Oncology Letters
Demetrios Moris, Evangelia Spanou, Stavros Sougioultzis, Nikolaos Dimitrokallis, Polyxeni Kalisperati, Ioanna Delladetsima, Evangelos Felekouras
RATIONALE: We are reporting the first-to our knowledge-case of duodenal Plexiform Fibromyxoma causing obscure upper gastrointestinal bleeding. PATIENT CONCERNS: Plexiform fibromyxoma triggered recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding episodes in a 63-year-old man who remained undiagnosed, despite multiple hospitalizations, extensive diagnostic workups and surgical interventions (including gastrectomies), for almost 17 years. DIAGNOSES-INTERVENTIONS: During hospitalization for the last bleeding episode, an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed an intestinal hemorrhagic nodule...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yoshikage Inoue, Shutaro Gunji, Kazutaka Obama, Hiroshi Okabe, Yoshiharu Sakai
BACKGROUND: Gastric submucosal tumors are commonly treated by partial resection under laparoscopy. However, the surgical resection of gastric submucosal tumors sometimes causes deformation of the stomach, especially in the case of intraluminal tumors located near the pylorus or esophagogastric junction. Such deformations can result in impaired diet intake and reduced quality of life. Laparoscopic endoscopic cooperative surgery has been developed to overcome these problems. This is the first report to describe a case of gastric plexiform fibromyxoma, a rare gastric submucosal tumor, that was successfully resected by laparoscopic endoscopic cooperative surgery...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Giuseppe Quero, Teresa Musarra, Alfredo Carrato, Michelangelo Fici, Maurizio Martini, Angelo Paolo Dei Tos, Sergio Alfieri, Riccardo Ricci
BACKGROUND: Plexiform angiomyxoid myofibroblastic tumor (PAMT), also known as plexiform fibromyxoma, is a rare distinctive benign intramural tumor, typical of gastric antrum, commonly causing mucosal ulceration with upper gastrointestinal bleeding and anemia, effectively treated by complete surgical resection usually accomplished by distal gastrectomy. METHODS AND RESULTS: We herein report a 47-year-old man presenting with a syncopal episode, regurgitation and epigastric discomfort, bearing a gastric antral myxoid plexiform tumor positive for α-smooth muscle actin, vimentin and, partially, for caldesmon, desmin, and CD10; CD117, DOG1, CD34, S100, CAM5...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Joshua Robert Kane, Natasha Lewis, Rebecca Lin, Celina Villa, Alexandra Larson, Jeffrey D Wayne, Anjana V Yeldandi, William B Laskin
Plexiform fibromyxoma is a rare, benign mesenchymal neoplasm that predilects the gastric antrum and has potential for misdiagnosis as a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). The histology of the tumor is characterized by interwoven fascicular growth of cytologically bland spindled cells within a variably myxoid stroma. The current study reports the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical findings of a plexiform fibromyxoma resected from a 28-year-old Vietnamese female. The patient presented with acute, severe abdominal pain and worsening anemia...
March 2016: Oncology Letters
M Fassan, R Salmaso, D Saraggi, R Alaggio, M Guido, L Balsamo, S Carniato, M Gruppo, V Ninfo, R Bardini, M Rugge
We report the unusual case of a plexiform fibromyxoma, occasionally assessed in a lithiasic gallbladder. The full thickness assessment of the gallbladder wall revealed an intra-mural, well demarked multi-nodular tumor (1 cm), consisting of a plexiform growth of spindle cells, included within a fibromyxoid stroma with a rich micro-vascular network. The tumor cells featured no nuclear atypia, nor mitotic activity. At the immunohistochemical profiling, the spindle shaped cells unequivocally featured vimentin, SMA, HHF35, collagen IV, and CD34; no cells expressed CD117, PDGFRA, CD10, desmin, GFAP, EMA, and S-100...
September 2015: Pathologica
Katsumi Sakamoto, Masakazu Hirakawa, Kazushige Atsumi, Koshi Mimori, Kohei Shibata, Taro Tobo, Hidetaka Yamamoto, Hiroshi Honda
Plexiform fibromyxoma is a relatively new pathological category that consists of a rare group of non-gastrointestinal stromal tumors with a peculiar plexiform growth pattern. We report a case of gastric plexiform fibromyxoma in a 60-year-old man. Gastroscopic examination revealed a gastric submucosal tumor in the antrum. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a nodule with distinct signal hyperintensity on T2-weighted images, with strong enhancement peripherally in the early phase to the entire lesion in the delayed phase...
July 2014: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Hyunseon C Kang, Christine O Menias, Ayman H Gaballah, Stuti Shroff, Melissa W Taggart, Naveen Garg, Khaled M Elsayes
Intramural gastric masses arise in the wall of the stomach (generally within the submucosa or muscularis propria), often with intact overlying mucosa. These tumors are typically mesenchymal in origin and have overlapping radiologic appearances. A combination of features such as location, attenuation, enhancement, and growth pattern may suggest one diagnosis over another. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) account for the majority of intramural tumors and can vary widely in appearance, from small intraluminal lesions to exophytic masses that protrude into the peritoneal cavity, commonly with areas of hemorrhage or necrosis...
October 2013: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Feng-hua Wang, Zheng-rong Chen, Hui-lin Niu, Rong-xin Zeng, Jian-qing Xia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2012: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Yetish Sing, Sumeshini Subrayan, Buhle Mqadi, Pratistadevi K Ramdial, Jenendhiran Reddy, Manogran S Moodley, Shamim Bux
Plexiform angiomyxoid myofibroblastic tumor (PAMT) is a relatively recently described gastric tumor with a peculiar plexiform growth pattern. PAMT is typified by a myofibroblastic immunophenotype that distinguishes it from the more common gastrointestinal stromal tumors and the rarely documented fibromyxomas. We report an additional PAMT, the seventh tumor with this label, which was an incidental finding on abdominal computed tomography scan of a 35-year-old Indian female. The tumor measured 4 x 3 x 2 cm and demonstrated plexiform architecture, myxoid stroma, prominent vasculature and spindled cells with myofibroblastic differentiation...
September 2010: Pathology International
Yoshihisa Takahashi, Masako Suzuki, Toshio Fukusato
Plexiform angiomyxoid myofibroblastic tumor of the stomach is a unique mesenchymal tumor that we first described in 2007. The tumor is very rare, and to date, only 18 cases confirmed by immunohistochemistry have been reported in the literature. The patients' ages ranged from 7 to 75 years (mean, 43 years), and the male-to-female ratio was approximately 1:1. Representative clinical symptoms are ulceration, associated upper gastrointestinal bleeding (hematemesis), and anemia. The tumors are located at the antrum in all cases, and grossly, the tumor is whitish to brownish or reddish, and forms a lobulated submucosal or transmural mass...
June 21, 2010: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Markku Miettinen, Hala R Makhlouf, Leslie H Sobin, Jerzy Lasota
A great majority of gastric mesenchymal tumors are gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). A rare group of non-GISTs include myxoid mesenchymal neoplasms. In this report, we describe 12 cases of a distinctive gastric tumor, named here as plexiform fibromyxoma. These tumors occurred in 5 men and 7 women of ages 7 to 75 years (median, 41 y). All tumors were located in the gastric antrum and 6 of them also extended into extragastric soft tissues or into the duodenal bulb. The tumors measured from 3 to 15 cm (median, 5...
November 2009: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
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