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Gastrointestinal clear cell sarcoma-like tumor

Isidro Machado, Akihiko Yoshida, María Gema Nieto Morales, Lucas Faria Abrahão-Machado, Samuel Navarro, Julia Cruz, Javier Lavernia, Antonina Parafioriti, Piero Picci, Antonio Llombart-Bosch
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive immunohistochemical (IHC) and molecular studies combined with morphologic findings, a group of round/ovoid cell tumors histologically similar to Ewing sarcomas (ES) but lacking EWSR1-rearrangements may remain unclassifiable. DESIGN: We retrospectively analyzed 41 Ewing-like tumors (formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded) previously determined as negative or non-informative for EWSR1-rearrangements by FISH and/or RT-PCR. A new histopathology revision and additional IHC and molecular analyses were carried out in order to investigate whether additional IHC and/or molecular testing in combination with the morphological findings may help in reaching a definitive diagnosis...
November 29, 2017: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Gokce Askan, Faruk Erdem Kombak, Ipek Erbarut Seven, Olca Basturk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
Michela Libertini, Khin Thway, Jonathan Noujaim, Florian Puls, Christina Messiou, Cyril Fisher, Robin L Jones
BACKGROUND/AIM: Clear cell sarcoma-like tumor of the gastrointestinal tract (CCSLTGT) is a very rare and relatively recently characterized mesenchymal neoplasm arising within the wall of the small bowel, stomach, or large bowel, predominantly in adolescents and young adults. Only few anecdotal reports or small series have been published and a consensus on treatment has not been formulated. Complete resection remains the only curative option for localized disease, but despite optimal surgery, CCSLTGT typically shows highly aggressive behavior with a high rate of local recurrence, metastases, and death from disease...
March 2018: Anticancer Research
Surbhi Kansal, Seema Rao
Malignant gastrointestinal neuroectodermal tumor (GNET) is a rare malignant tumor. It is also referred to as clear cell sarcoma-like gastrointestinal tumor (CCSLGT). It is an aggressive tumor with a high rate of local recurrence, metastases, and early death from disease. Its pathogenesis is not known. It shows evidence of neural differentiation and lacks immunohistochemical and ultrastructural evidence of melanocytic differentiation. It needs to be distinguished from various mimickers owing to its aggressive course...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
M Zhao, T W Zhao, J Ma, C Y Wu, L Chen, G Q Ru, X L He
Objective: To investigate the clinicopathologic and molecular characteristics, diagnostic, differential diagnostic and prognostic features of malignant gastrointestinal neuroectodermal tumor. Methods: Two cases of malignant gastrointestinal neuroectodermal tumor were retrieved; the clinical and radiologic features, histomorphology, immunophenotype, molecular genetics and prognosis were analyzed and the relevant literature reviewed. Results: Case 1 was a 57-year-old male, presented with recurrent abdominal pain and melena...
November 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Takashi Kato, Shin Ichihara, Hiroko Gotoda, Shunji Muraoka, Terufumi Kubo, Shintaro Sugita, Tadashi Hasegawa
Clear cell sarcoma-like tumor of the gastrointestinal tract (CCSLGT) is an extremely rare malignant neoplasm in the digestive tract. Its cytomorphologic features have never previously been reported. Here, we describe a case of CCSLGT, including its cytologic examination findings. A 47-year-old woman presented with a mass in the small intestine, which was resected and sent for imprint cytology. Imprint smears revealed tumor cells with light eosinophilic or clear cytoplasm in a necrotic background. Many of the tumor cells were arranged in a perivascular growth with a pseudopapillary formation, and there were some non-neoplastic osteoclast-like giant cells...
July 11, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Mohammed J Alyousef, Jumana A Alratroot, Tarek ElSharkawy, Mohamed A Shawarby, Mohammad A Al Hamad, Tarek M Hashem, Ahmed Alsayyah
BACKGROUND: Malignant gastrointestinal neuroectodermal tumor (GNET) is an extremely rare entity that was first described by Zambrano et al. in 2003 as "Clear cell sarcoma-like tumor of the gastrointestinal tract". It shares some of the histological features of clear cell sarcoma (CCS) but lacks the immunohistochemical reactivity for melanocytic markers. We report a case of GNET that was initially misdiagnosed as gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Recognizing this entity is important to avoid misdiagnosis...
March 20, 2017: Diagnostic Pathology
Yu-Chien Kao, Yun-Shao Sung, Lei Zhang, Chun-Liang Chen, Sumathi Vaiyapuri, Marc K Rosenblum, Cristina R Antonescu
Recurrent gene fusions involving EWSR1 with members of the cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) family (ATF1 and CREB1) have been reported in a diverse group of tumors including angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH), soft tissue and gastrointestinal clear cell sarcoma, primary pulmonary myxoid sarcoma, and hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma of salivary gland. We have recently encountered a group of 5 myxoid mesenchymal tumors positive for EWSR1 fusions with one of the CREB family member (ATF1, CREB1, and CREM), with histologic features distinct from any of the previously described pathologic entities...
April 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Antonio Ieni, Valeria Barresi, Luca Reggiani Bonetti, Giovanni Branca, Rosario Alberto Caruso, Giovanni Tuccari
The purpose of the present review is to analyze the cytohistological and immunohistochemical characteristics of spindle-shaped mesenchymal gastrointestinal neoplams (MGNs), a group of unusual neoplastic conditions with different biological behavior. These tumors exhibit clinical pictures strictly related to the site of origin and dimensions, even if they appear generally with an intramural localization. This latter point may suggest an useful application of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA), mainly followed by the cell-block procedure (CBP) in the differential diagnostic approach...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Yin P Hung, Christopher D M Fletcher, Jason L Hornick
Ewing sarcoma shows considerable histologic overlap with other round cell tumors. NKX2-2, a homeodomain transcription factor involved in neuroendocrine/glial differentiation and a downstream target of EWSR1-FLI1, has been reported as an immunohistochemical marker for Ewing sarcoma. We assessed the specificity of NKX2-2 for Ewing sarcoma compared with other round cell malignant neoplasms and other soft tissue tumors with EWSR1 translocations. We evaluated whole-tissue sections from 270 cases: 40 Ewing sarcomas (4 with atypical/large cell features), 20 CIC-DUX4 sarcomas, 5 BCOR-CCNB3 sarcomas, 9 unclassified round cell sarcomas, 10 poorly differentiated synovial sarcomas, 10 lymphoblastic lymphomas, 10 alveolar rhabdomyosarcomas, 10 embryonal rhabdomyosarcomas, 10 Merkel cell carcinomas, 10 small cell carcinomas, 20 melanomas, 5 NUT midline carcinomas, 10 Wilms tumors, 10 neuroblastomas, 10 olfactory neuroblastomas, 12 mesenchymal chondrosarcomas, 10 angiomatoid fibrous histiocytomas, 10 clear cell sarcomas, 5 gastrointestinal clear cell sarcoma-like tumors, 5 desmoplastic small round cell tumors, 10 extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcomas, 10 soft tissue and cutaneous myoepitheliomas, and 19 myoepithelial carcinomas...
April 2016: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Nilay Karaca, Yasam Kemal Akpak, Zeynep Tatar, Gonca Batmaz, Aslihan Erken
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare tumor of the gastrointestinal tract. GISTs occur in the entire gastrointestinal tract and may also arise from the retroperitoneum, omentum and mesenteries. They are originated from gastrointestinal pacemaker cells (Cajal's interstitial cells) and range from benign tumors to sarcomas at all sites of occurrence. Diagnosis of GIST could be deceptive because of their similarity in appearance to gynecological neoplasms. We would like to present a case of a woman with GIST in the small intestine giving a imprint of an adnexal mass was diagnosed correctly during surgery...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Luigi Insabato, Elia Guadagno, Valentina Natella, Anna Somma, Michel Bihl, Antonio Pizzolorusso, Pier Paolo Mainenti, Gaetano Apice, Luigi Tornillo
Very recently a new designation of "Malignant Neuroectodermal Gastrointestinal Tumor" has been proposed for an aggressive form of neuroectodermal tumor with features similar to that of Clear Cell Sarcoma of Soft Tissue, however without a melanocytic differentiation. Also known as "clear cell sarcoma-like tumors of the gastrointestinal tract", these tumors show some features strongly suggesting an origin from a gastrointestinal neuroectodermal precursor cell unable to differentiate along the melanocytic lineage...
September 2015: Pathology, Research and Practice
Muhammad Omer Jamil, Amanda Hathaway, Amitkumar Mehta
Tivozanib is a potent and highly specific orally available, tyrosine kinase inhibitor that targets vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor-1, VEGF receptor-2, and VEGF receptor-3 at very low concentrations with a long half-life (4 days). After its promising activity in xenograft and preclinical models, tivozanib was evaluated in early phase clinical trials in various solid tumors. The phase III trial (TIVO-1) compared tivozanib with sorafenib in metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Because of detrimental overall survival (OS), Oncology Drug Advisory Committee (ODAC) voted against its approval in RCC...
June 2015: Current Oncology Reports
Jayson Wang, Khin Thway
Clear cell sarcoma-like tumor of the gastrointestinal tract (CCSLGT) is a rare malignant neoplasm that occurs in the wall of the small bowel, stomach, or large bowel, predominantly in young adults. It is an aggressive neoplasm that frequently presents with metastatic disease and has a high mortality rate. Histologically, it is usually composed of medium-sized primitive ovoid or epithelioid cells with pale or clear cytoplasm that are arranged in sheets or in papillary or alveolar architectures. Clear cell sarcoma-like tumor of the gastrointestinal tract is positive for S100 protein, invariably negative for melanocyte-specific markers and is often also positive for neuroendocrine markers...
March 2015: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Jie Kong, Nan Li, Shiwu Wu, Xingmei Guo, Congyou Gu, Zhenzhong Feng
Malignant gastrointestinal neuroectodermal tumor (GNET) is a rare soft tissue sarcoma, previously referred to as clear cell sarcoma-like gastrointestinal tumor (CCSLGT) and also commonly reported in the literature as clear cell sarcoma of the gastrointestinal tract (CCS-GI). The current study reports a case of GNET arising in the stomach of a 17-year-old male, who presented with symptoms of fatigue, anemia and low temperature. Examination with positron emission tomography-computed tomography revealed a soft tissue mass in the gastric antrum...
December 2014: Oncology Letters
Gülçin Yegen, Mine Güllüoğlu, Özgür Mete, Semen Önder, Yersu Kapran
Clear cell sarcoma is a rare tumor classically associated with tendons and aponeuroses of lower extremities of young adults and has a distinctive histopathologic and molecular profile. It has been rarely described in other locations other than soft tissues, including the gastrointestinal tract. Herein we report a case of clear cell sarcoma of gastrointestinal tract arising in the ileum, which is rich in osteoclast-like giant cells with a review of the literature.
February 2015: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
Khin Thway, Ian Judson, Cyril Fisher
Clear cell sarcoma-like tumor of the gastrointestinal tract (CCSLGT) is a rare malignant neoplasm arising within the wall of the small bowel, stomach, or large bowel, predominantly in children and young adults. It is an aggressive tumor with a high rate of local recurrence, metastases, and early death from disease. Histologically, it is composed of relatively monomorphic ovoid or round cells with clear to eosinophilic cytoplasm, arranged in sheets and sometimes papillary or alveolar architectures, often with CD68-positive osteoclast-like giant cells in variable numbers, and is associated with EWSR1-CREB1 gene fusions...
2014: Case Reports in Medicine
David L Stockman, Markku Miettinen, Saul Suster, Dominic Spagnolo, Hugo Dominguez-Malagon, Jason L Hornick, Volkan Adsay, Pauline M Chou, Benhur Amanuel, Peter Vantuinen, Eduardo V Zambrano
The clinical, histologic, immunophenotypic, ultrastructural, and molecular features of a distinctive gastrointestinal tumor are described. Sixteen patients, 8 women and 8 men aged 17 to 77 years (mean age, 42 y; 63% less than 40 y) presented with abdominal pain, intestinal obstruction, and an abdominal mass. Mean tumor size was 5.2 cm (range, 2.4 to 15.0 cm). The tumors arose in the small bowel (10), stomach (4), and colon (2) and were histologically characterized by a sheet-like or nested population of epithelioid or oval-to-spindle cells with small nucleoli and scattered mitoses...
June 2012: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Khin Thway, Cyril Fisher
EWSR1-CREB1 and EWSR1-ATF1 are gene fusions of which one or both have now been consistently described in 5 histopathologically and behaviorally diverse neoplasms: angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma, conventional clear cell sarcoma (of tendons and aponeuroses), clear cell sarcoma-like tumor of the gastrointestinal tract, hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma of the salivary gland, and primary pulmonary myxoid sarcoma. Some of the tumors in this group have been described only recently, and others have been the subject of recent genetic insights contributing to their characterization...
July 2012: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Khin Thway, Andrew G Nicholson, Kay Lawson, David Gonzalez, Alexandra Rice, Bonnie Balzer, John Swansbury, Toon Min, Lisa Thompson, Kwame Adu-Poku, Anne Campbell, Cyril Fisher
We present clinicopathologic data on 10 pulmonary myxoid sarcomas, which are defined by distinctive histomorphologic features and characterized by a recurrent fusion gene, that appear to represent a distinct tumor entity at this site. The patients [7 female, 3 male; aged 27 to 67 y (mean, 45 y)] presented with local or systemic symptoms (n=5), symptoms from cerebral metastasis (1), or incidentally (2). Follow-up of 6 patients showed that 1 with brain metastasis died shortly after primary tumor resection, 1 developed a renal metastasis but is alive and well, and 4 are disease free after 1 to 15 years...
November 2011: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
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