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Gastrointestinal clear cell sarcoma-like tumor

Yin P Hung, Christopher D M Fletcher, Jason L Hornick
Ewing sarcoma shows considerable histologic overlap with other round cell tumors. NKX2-2, a homeodomain transcription factor involved in neuroendocrine/glial differentiation and a downstream target of EWSR1-FLI1, has been reported as an immunohistochemical marker for Ewing sarcoma. We assessed the specificity of NKX2-2 for Ewing sarcoma compared with other round cell malignant neoplasms and other soft tissue tumors with EWSR1 translocations. We evaluated whole-tissue sections from 270 cases: 40 Ewing sarcomas (4 with atypical/large cell features), 20 CIC-DUX4 sarcomas, 5 BCOR-CCNB3 sarcomas, 9 unclassified round cell sarcomas, 10 poorly differentiated synovial sarcomas, 10 lymphoblastic lymphomas, 10 alveolar rhabdomyosarcomas, 10 embryonal rhabdomyosarcomas, 10 Merkel cell carcinomas, 10 small cell carcinomas, 20 melanomas, 5 NUT midline carcinomas, 10 Wilms tumors, 10 neuroblastomas, 10 olfactory neuroblastomas, 12 mesenchymal chondrosarcomas, 10 angiomatoid fibrous histiocytomas, 10 clear cell sarcomas, 5 gastrointestinal clear cell sarcoma-like tumors, 5 desmoplastic small round cell tumors, 10 extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcomas, 10 soft tissue and cutaneous myoepitheliomas, and 19 myoepithelial carcinomas...
April 2016: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Nilay Karaca, Yasam Kemal Akpak, Zeynep Tatar, Gonca Batmaz, Aslihan Erken
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare tumor of the gastrointestinal tract. GISTs occur in the entire gastrointestinal tract and may also arise from the retroperitoneum, omentum and mesenteries. They are originated from gastrointestinal pacemaker cells (Cajal's interstitial cells) and range from benign tumors to sarcomas at all sites of occurrence. Diagnosis of GIST could be deceptive because of their similarity in appearance to gynecological neoplasms. We would like to present a case of a woman with GIST in the small intestine giving a imprint of an adnexal mass was diagnosed correctly during surgery...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Luigi Insabato, Elia Guadagno, Valentina Natella, Anna Somma, Michel Bihl, Antonio Pizzolorusso, Pier Paolo Mainenti, Gaetano Apice, Luigi Tornillo
Very recently a new designation of "Malignant Neuroectodermal Gastrointestinal Tumor" has been proposed for an aggressive form of neuroectodermal tumor with features similar to that of Clear Cell Sarcoma of Soft Tissue, however without a melanocytic differentiation. Also known as "clear cell sarcoma-like tumors of the gastrointestinal tract", these tumors show some features strongly suggesting an origin from a gastrointestinal neuroectodermal precursor cell unable to differentiate along the melanocytic lineage...
September 2015: Pathology, Research and Practice
Muhammad Omer Jamil, Amanda Hathaway, Amitkumar Mehta
Tivozanib is a potent and highly specific orally available, tyrosine kinase inhibitor that targets vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor-1, VEGF receptor-2, and VEGF receptor-3 at very low concentrations with a long half-life (4 days). After its promising activity in xenograft and preclinical models, tivozanib was evaluated in early phase clinical trials in various solid tumors. The phase III trial (TIVO-1) compared tivozanib with sorafenib in metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Because of detrimental overall survival (OS), Oncology Drug Advisory Committee (ODAC) voted against its approval in RCC...
June 2015: Current Oncology Reports
Jayson Wang, Khin Thway
Clear cell sarcoma-like tumor of the gastrointestinal tract (CCSLGT) is a rare malignant neoplasm that occurs in the wall of the small bowel, stomach, or large bowel, predominantly in young adults. It is an aggressive neoplasm that frequently presents with metastatic disease and has a high mortality rate. Histologically, it is usually composed of medium-sized primitive ovoid or epithelioid cells with pale or clear cytoplasm that are arranged in sheets or in papillary or alveolar architectures. Clear cell sarcoma-like tumor of the gastrointestinal tract is positive for S100 protein, invariably negative for melanocyte-specific markers and is often also positive for neuroendocrine markers...
March 2015: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Jie Kong, Nan Li, Shiwu Wu, Xingmei Guo, Congyou Gu, Zhenzhong Feng
Malignant gastrointestinal neuroectodermal tumor (GNET) is a rare soft tissue sarcoma, previously referred to as clear cell sarcoma-like gastrointestinal tumor (CCSLGT) and also commonly reported in the literature as clear cell sarcoma of the gastrointestinal tract (CCS-GI). The current study reports a case of GNET arising in the stomach of a 17-year-old male, who presented with symptoms of fatigue, anemia and low temperature. Examination with positron emission tomography-computed tomography revealed a soft tissue mass in the gastric antrum...
December 2014: Oncology Letters
Gülçin Yegen, Mine Güllüoğlu, Özgür Mete, Semen Önder, Yersu Kapran
Clear cell sarcoma is a rare tumor classically associated with tendons and aponeuroses of lower extremities of young adults and has a distinctive histopathologic and molecular profile. It has been rarely described in other locations other than soft tissues, including the gastrointestinal tract. Herein we report a case of clear cell sarcoma of gastrointestinal tract arising in the ileum, which is rich in osteoclast-like giant cells with a review of the literature.
February 2015: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
Khin Thway, Ian Judson, Cyril Fisher
Clear cell sarcoma-like tumor of the gastrointestinal tract (CCSLGT) is a rare malignant neoplasm arising within the wall of the small bowel, stomach, or large bowel, predominantly in children and young adults. It is an aggressive tumor with a high rate of local recurrence, metastases, and early death from disease. Histologically, it is composed of relatively monomorphic ovoid or round cells with clear to eosinophilic cytoplasm, arranged in sheets and sometimes papillary or alveolar architectures, often with CD68-positive osteoclast-like giant cells in variable numbers, and is associated with EWSR1-CREB1 gene fusions...
2014: Case Reports in Medicine
David L Stockman, Markku Miettinen, Saul Suster, Dominic Spagnolo, Hugo Dominguez-Malagon, Jason L Hornick, Volkan Adsay, Pauline M Chou, Benhur Amanuel, Peter Vantuinen, Eduardo V Zambrano
The clinical, histologic, immunophenotypic, ultrastructural, and molecular features of a distinctive gastrointestinal tumor are described. Sixteen patients, 8 women and 8 men aged 17 to 77 years (mean age, 42 y; 63% less than 40 y) presented with abdominal pain, intestinal obstruction, and an abdominal mass. Mean tumor size was 5.2 cm (range, 2.4 to 15.0 cm). The tumors arose in the small bowel (10), stomach (4), and colon (2) and were histologically characterized by a sheet-like or nested population of epithelioid or oval-to-spindle cells with small nucleoli and scattered mitoses...
June 2012: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Khin Thway, Cyril Fisher
EWSR1-CREB1 and EWSR1-ATF1 are gene fusions of which one or both have now been consistently described in 5 histopathologically and behaviorally diverse neoplasms: angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma, conventional clear cell sarcoma (of tendons and aponeuroses), clear cell sarcoma-like tumor of the gastrointestinal tract, hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma of the salivary gland, and primary pulmonary myxoid sarcoma. Some of the tumors in this group have been described only recently, and others have been the subject of recent genetic insights contributing to their characterization...
July 2012: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Khin Thway, Andrew G Nicholson, Kay Lawson, David Gonzalez, Alexandra Rice, Bonnie Balzer, John Swansbury, Toon Min, Lisa Thompson, Kwame Adu-Poku, Anne Campbell, Cyril Fisher
We present clinicopathologic data on 10 pulmonary myxoid sarcomas, which are defined by distinctive histomorphologic features and characterized by a recurrent fusion gene, that appear to represent a distinct tumor entity at this site. The patients [7 female, 3 male; aged 27 to 67 y (mean, 45 y)] presented with local or systemic symptoms (n=5), symptoms from cerebral metastasis (1), or incidentally (2). Follow-up of 6 patients showed that 1 with brain metastasis died shortly after primary tumor resection, 1 developed a renal metastasis but is alive and well, and 4 are disease free after 1 to 15 years...
November 2011: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Ihab Abdulkader, José Cameselle-Teijeiro, Enrique de Alava, Clara Ruiz-Ponte, María M Used-Aznar, Jerónimo Forteza
A clear cell sarcoma-like tumor with osteoclast-like giant cells of the gastrointestinal tract without immunoexpression of CD117 was recently proposed as a new tumor entity. In this article, a case of a 37-year-old man with a neoplasm of the jejunum composed of polygonal cells with clear to eosinophilic cytoplasm forming nests and fascicles is reported. Giant cells were not identified. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells expressed strongly S100 protein, human melanoma black 45, platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha, B-cell lymphoma 2, p53, and to a lesser extent vimentin, neuron-specific enolase, and epithelial membrane antigen...
April 2008: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
Nicolaus Friedrichs, Maria Adele Testi, Luisa Moiraghi, Piergiorgio Modena, Ellen Paggen, Andreas Plötner, Volker Wiechmann, Luisa Mantovani-Löffler, Sabine Merkelbach-Bruse, Reinhard Buettner, Eva Wardelmann
Most mesenchymal neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract belong to the category of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and are characterized by the immunohistochemical expression of KIT receptor. In cases without detectable KIT receptor expression several differential diagnoses have to be taken into consideration. Here, we report a case of a 41-year-old man with a tumor of the small bowel composed of large epithelioid tumor cells arranged in solid and alveolar sheets including scattered osteoclast-like multinucleated giant cells...
October 2005: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
Juan Rosai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2005: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
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