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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026315/a-model-to-facilitate-collaborative-social-support-for-pregnant-students-in-secondary-schools
#1
Sogo F Matlala
Pregnancy among secondary school students remains a public health problem and is associated with school dropout as well as poor maternal and child health outcomes. Schools in South Africa no longer expel pregnant students as was the case before 2000. Instead, the government encourages them to remain in class to complete their education, but pregnant students often face stigma, and some drop out of school as a result. To remain in class and access antenatal care, pregnant students require social support from teachers, parents and professional nurses...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023760/listening-to-teachers-views-on-delivery-of-a-classroom-based-sensory-intervention-for-students-with-autism
#2
Caroline Mills, Christine Chapparo
BACKGROUND/AIM: Occupational therapists consider the impact of autism spectrum disorder on occupational performance at school. Occupational therapists work with teachers to support student participation. Atypical sensory processing is common in children with autism. Therefore, collaborating with teachers to enable students with autism to appropriately process sensory information within classrooms may be necessary. This qualitative pilot study aimed to capture teachers' perceptions of using a Sensory Activity Schedule, a sensory based intervention, in the classroom...
October 12, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020524/teachers-as-learners-developing-professionalism-feedback-skills-via-observed-structured-teaching-encounters
#3
Constance Tucker, Beth Choby, Andrew Moore, Robert Scott Parker, Benjamin R Zambetti, Sarah Naids, Jillian Scott, Jennifer Loome, Sierra Gaffney, Anna T Cianciolo, Leslie A Hoffman, Jaden R Kohn, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Robert L Trowbridge
This Conversations Starter article presents a selected research abstract from the 2017 Association of American Medical Colleges Southern Region Group on Educational Affairs annual spring meeting. The abstract is paired with the integrative commentary of 4 experts who shared their thoughts stimulated by the study. These thoughts explore the value of the Observed Structured Teaching Encounter in providing structured opportunities for medical students to engage with the complexities of providing peer feedback on professionalism...
October 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018491/perception-of-noise-pollution-in-a-youth-and-adults-school-in-curitiba-pr
#4
Orlando Borges Filho, Angela Ribas, Claudia Giglio De Oliveira Gonçalves, Adriana Bender Moreira Lacerda, Renato Riesemberg, Karlin Klagenberg
Introduction  Nowadays noise remains the third largest cause of environmental pollution on Earth. It appears that despite the existing noise control legislation the issue deserves further supervision by the public authorities so that the ceilings established for the various activities are observed. People exposed to noise are more likely to develop numerous auditory and non-auditory problems directly impacting persona family and working life. Objectives  The objective of this study is to research and consequently understand how the population of students of a youth and adult school in Curitiba perceives noise pollution as well as look into the actions that the school adopts in order to guide the students on the topic...
October 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017834/validation-of-an-observation-tool-to-assess-physical-activity-promoting-physical-education-lessons-in-high-schools-sofit
#5
Stuart J Fairclough, R Glenn Weaver, Siobhan Johnson, Jack Rawlinson
OBJECTIVES: SOFIT+ is an observation tool to measure teacher practices related to moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) promotion during physical education (PE). The objective of the study was to examine the validity of SOFIT+ during high school PE lessons. DESIGN: This cross-sectional, observational study tested the construct validity of SOFIT+ in boys' and girls' high school PE lessons. METHODS: Twenty-one PE lessons were video-recorded and retrospectively coded using SOFIT+...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017380/a-collective-effort-to-make-yourself-feel-better-the-group-process-in-mindfulness-based-interventions
#6
Dulcie Cormack, Fergal W Jones, Michael Maltby
There is growing interest in mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) in the management of multiple physical and mental health issues. Although MBIs utilize a group format, research on how this format impacts teaching and learning mindfulness is lacking. This study aimed to develop a detailed theory of MBI group processes utilizing a grounded theory methodology. This article presents our subsequent model, developed from semistructured interviews conducted with MBI students, teachers, and trainers ( N = 12). A core category, the group as a vessel on a shared journey, and three higher-order categories emerged from the data...
October 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991848/the-feedback-tango-an-integrative-review-and-analysis-of-the-content-of-the-teacher-learner-feedback-exchange
#7
Robert Bing-You, Kalli Varaklis, Victoria Hayes, Robert Trowbridge, Heather Kemp, Dina McKelvy
PURPOSE: To conduct an integrative review and analysis of the literature on the content of feedback to learners in medical education. METHOD: Following completion of a scoping review in 2016, the authors analyzed a subset of articles published through 2015 describing the analysis of feedback exchange content in various contexts: audiotapes, clinical examination, feedback cards, multisource feedback, videotapes, and written feedback. Two reviewers extracted data from these articles and identified common themes...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991760/centenary-of-the-birth-of-academician-prof-dr-isak-tadzer-founder-of-the-pathophysiology-and-nuclear-medicine-in-macedonia
#8
Borislav Karanfilski
Academician Prof. Dr. Isak Tadzer was born a hundred years ago on December 24, 1916 in Sofia. He completed the primary and secondary education at the German College in Sofia. In 1935 he began his studies at the Medical Faculty in Vienna, which he had to stop because of the annexation of Austria to Germany in 1938. He returned to Bulgaria where he continued his studies and graduated from the Medical Faculty in Sofia in 1941. During the War, 1941-1944, he was forcedly mobilized and he worked as a doctor in several villages...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991273/estrategias-educativas-y-de-evaluaci%C3%A3-n-en-la-formaci%C3%A3-n-de-m%C3%A3-dicos-especialistas
#9
Verónica Alejandra Gaona-Flores, Luz Arcelia Campos-Navarro, Jesús Arenas-Osuna, Enrique Alcalá-Martínez
Antecedentes: Las estrategias didácticas se han definido como procedimientos, medios o recursos que el docente utiliza para promover el aprendizaje significativo. Objetivo: Identificar las estrategias de enseñanza y de evaluación que utiliza el profesor con residentes en hospitales de tercer nivel de atención médica. Método: Estudio transversal, con profesores de diversas especialidades, en el Centro Médico Nacional La Raza. Se aplicó un cuestionario que valora las estrategias utilizadas en la enseñanza y la evaluación...
2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990336/peer-teaching-of-the-physical-exam-a-pilot-study
#10
Valeria C Pazo, Susan Frankl, Subha Ramani, Joel Katz
BACKGROUND: Mastery of the physical exam (PE), and the ability to teach it to peers and medical students, are important milestones for residents (junior doctors); however, several reports indicate that PE skills are in decline. To address this need, we explored the use of peer observation of teaching (POT) as a conceptual framework to develop an innovative approach to PE teaching at the postgraduate medical education level. INNOVATION: We designed a PE POT session to be conducted at the patient bedside, and piloted four sessions in April 2014...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989288/a-family-of-early-english-oculists-1600-1751-with-a-reappraisal-of-john-thomas-woolhouse-1664-1733-1734
#11
REVIEW
Christopher T Leffler, Stephen G Schwartz
INTRODUCTION: John Thomas Woolhouse (1666-1733/1734), who practiced in Paris, was part of a family with 5 generations of English oculists. Some historians have derided him as a "charlatan" and have criticized him for adhering to the old notion that a cataract was a membrane anterior to the lens. METHODS: We reviewed treatises and digital records related to Woolhouse and his family and the handwritten notes of his 1721 lecture series at the Royal Society of Medicine...
2017: Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987044/-application-of-brain-boy-universal-professional-in-preliminary-assessment-of-auditory-processing-disorder
#12
Joanna Rutkowska, Anna Łobaczuk-Sitnik, Bożena Kosztyła-Hojna
Increasing numbers of hearing pathology is auditory processing disorders. Auditory Processing Disorders (APD) are defined as difficulty in using auditory information to communicate and learn in the presence of normal peripheral hearing. It may be recognized as a problem with understanding of speech in noise and perception disorder of distorted speech. APD may accompany to articulation disorders, language problems and difficulties in reading and writing. The diagnosis of auditory processing disorders causes many difficulties primarily due to the lack of common testing procedures, precise criteria for qualification to the group of norm and pathology...
September 29, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986778/students-learning-experiences-from-didactic-teaching-sessions-including-patient-case-examples-as-either-text-or-video-a-qualitative-study
#13
Kamilla Pedersen, Martin Holdgaard Moeller, Charlotte Paltved, Ole Mors, Charlotte Ringsted, Anne Mette Morcke
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore medical students' learning experiences from the didactic teaching formats using either text-based patient cases or video-based patient cases with similar content. The authors explored how the two different patient case formats influenced students' perceptions of psychiatric patients and students' reflections on meeting and communicating with psychiatric patients. METHODS: The authors conducted group interviews with 30 medical students who volunteered to participate in interviews and applied inductive thematic content analysis to the transcribed interviews...
October 6, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985417/school-level-factors-associated-with-teacher-connectedness-a-multilevel-analysis-of-the-structural-and-relational-school-determinants-of-young-people-s-health
#14
I García-Moya, F M Brooks, N H Spencer
Background: Conducting research on the antecedents of teacher connectedness (TC) is key to inform intervention and policy that can leverage the public health potential of teachers for young people's well-being. As part of the EU-funded Teacher Connectedness Project, this study aims to examine the contribution of a variety of school-level factors (including type of school, school size, student-teacher ratio, students per class and teacher gender). Methods: Sample consisted of 5335 adolescents aged 11, 13 and 15 years that had participated in the HBSC study in England...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979741/teachers-and-postgraduate-nursing-students-experience-of-the-educational-environment-in-iran-a-qualitative-research
#15
Fatemeh Hajihosseini, Mansoureh Zagheri Tafreshi, Meimanat Hosseini, Ahmad Reza Baghestani
BACKGROUND: The learning environment has a significant role in determining nursing students' academic achievements and course satisfaction. Creating a proper educational environment is therefore necessary for improving the quality of teaching and learning, and for delivering competent graduates to society. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to explore teachers' and postgraduate nursing students' experience of the educational environment in Iran. METHODS: This qualitative study uses an inductive approach and conventional content analysis...
August 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978518/collective-and-experimental-research-project-for-master-s-students-on-the-pathophysiology-of-obesity
#16
Virginie Bourlier, Caroline Conte, Colette Denis, Cédric Dray, Pascale Guillou, Manuela Belliure, Anne Lorsignol, Marion Noël, Bénédicte Buffin-Meyer
We describe here a collective and experimental research project-based learning (ERPBL) for master's students that can be used to illustrate some basic concepts on glucose/lipid homeostasis and renal function around a topical issue. The primary objective of this ERPBL was to strengthen students' knowledge and understanding of physiology and pathophysiology. The secondary objectives were to help students to develop technical/practical abilities and acquire transversal skills with real-world connections. Obesity is a worldwide public health problem that increases the risk for developing type 2 diabetes and nephropathies...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970458/current-status-and-future-suggestions-for-improving-the-pharm-d-curriculum-towards-clinical-pharmacy-practice-in-pakistan
#17
Saima Mahmood Malhi, Hassan Raza, Kiran Ajmal, Sumbul Shamim, Saniya Ata, Salman Farooq, Syed Muhammad Sharib, Sidrat-Ul Muntaha
Objectives & Background: Good curriculum is reflected as the backbone for standard universities to develop competitive professionals having great potential. Pharmacy education in Pakistan has gone through the same developmental stages as in other countries, but is still striving for improvement. In the present study, we want (i) to know the opinion on whether the current pharmacy curriculum requires any improvement in order to meet the training needs of pharmacy professionals regarding clinical knowledge and pharmacy practice; and (ii) to present some humble suggestions to decision-making authorities in order to improve it with respect to patient-focused programs (PFP)...
August 17, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970441/competence-based-pharmacy-education-in-the-university-of-helsinki
#18
Nina Katajavuori, Outi Salminen, Katariina Vuorensola, Helena Huhtala, Pia Vuorela, Jouni Hirvonen
In order to meet the expectations to act as an expert in the health care profession, it is of utmost importance that pharmacy education creates knowledge and skills needed in today's working life. Thus, the planning of the curriculum should be based on relevant and up-to-date learning outcomes. In the University of Helsinki, a university wide curriculum reform called 'the Big Wheel' was launched in 2015. After the reform, the basic degrees of the university are two-cycle (Bachelor-Master) and competence-based, where the learning outcomes form a solid basis for the curriculum goals and implementation...
June 1, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970437/are-we-ready-to-implement-competence-based-teaching-in-pharmacy-education-in-poland
#19
Agnieszka Skowron, Justyna Dymek, Anna Gołda, Wioletta Polak
Pharmacists in Poland are responsible for the dispensing and quality control of pharmaceuticals. The education process in pharmacy is regulated and monitored at the national level. Pharmacy education at Jagiellonian University is organized in a traditional way based on input and content teaching. The aim of the study was to determinate whether the Jagiellonian University curriculum in the Pharmacy program meets the criteria of the European Competence Framework. The mapping of the intended curriculum was done by four academic teachers...
May 9, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970422/implementation-of-competency-based-pharmacy-education-cbpe
#20
REVIEW
Andries Koster, Tom Schalekamp, Irma Meijerman
Implementation of competency-based pharmacy education (CBPE) is a time-consuming, complicated process, which requires agreement on the tasks of a pharmacist, commitment, institutional stability, and a goal-directed developmental perspective of all stakeholders involved. In this article the main steps in the development of a fully-developed competency-based pharmacy curriculum (bachelor, master) are described and tips are given for a successful implementation. After the choice for entering into CBPE is made and a competency framework is adopted (step 1), intended learning outcomes are defined (step 2), followed by analyzing the required developmental trajectory (step 3) and the selection of appropriate assessment methods (step 4)...
February 21, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
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