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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457336/high-school-biology-students-use-of-visual-molecular-dynamics-as-an-authentic-tool-for-learning-about-modeling-as-a-professional-scientific-practice
#1
Stephen R Burgin, Jennifer Oramous, Michael Kaminski, Linda Stocker, Mahmoud Moradi
Modeling is a practice of science that is underemphasized in biology classrooms in comparison to its central focus in the physical sciences. Visualizations of the submicroscopic world of molecules are becoming increasingly sophisticated with the evolution of new technologies. With this in mind, we introduced high school biology classrooms to a professional molecular modeling software program used by research biochemists to visualize proteins and other macromolecules. Analysis of surveys completed before and after the use of the program revealed significant student gains in their understandings of the nature of models...
February 19, 2018: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454315/prevalence-and-correlates-of-positive-mental-health-in-chinese-adolescents
#2
Cheng Guo, Göran Tomson, Christina Keller, Fredrik Söderqvist
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating the prevalence of positive mental health and its correlates are still scarce compared to the studies on mental disorders, although there is growing interest of assessing positive mental health in adolescents. So far, no other study examining the prevalence and determinants of positive mental health in Chinese adolescents has been found. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and correlates of positive mental health in Chinese adolescents...
February 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453857/psychosocial-student-functioning-in-comprehensive-dental-clinic-education-a-qualitative-study
#3
R Moore
INTRODUCTION: The aims were to describe first-year clinical dental students' psychosocial experiences in a known well-functioning comprehensive clinic teaching group (F+Grp) and a known dysfunctional group (Dys-Grp) and, thus, discover and describe phenomena related to psychosocial functioning of students. These groups were compared and contrasted regarding negative stress symptoms, perfectionism and coping with stress. METHODS: Eight female dental students (mean 26 years old), four in each group, were interviewed after the first clinical year about learning and emotional experiences...
February 17, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447172/knowledge-attitude-and-associated-factors-among-primary-school-teachers-regarding-refractive-error-in-school-children-in-gondar-city-northwest-ethiopia
#4
Abiy Maru Alemayehu, Gizchewu Tilahun Belete, Nebiyat Feleke Adimassu
INTRODUCTION: Refractive error is an important cause of correctable visual impairment in the worldwide with a global distribution of 1.75% to 20.7% among schoolchildren. Teacher's knowledge about refractive error play an important role in encouraging students to seek treatment that helps in reducing the burden of visual impairment. OBJECTIVE: To determine knowledge, attitude and associated factors among primary school teachers regarding refractive error in school children in Gondar city...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444455/anatomists-perceptions-of-the-skills-and-attributes-required-of-newly-recruited-medical-students
#5
Bernard J Moxham, Odile Plaisant, Baptiste Lignier, Feisal Brahim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Admission procedures for recruiting students to medical school vary considerably across the world. Notwithstanding such variability, it is important to know what skills and attributes are required of the students by their teachers on entering medical school. PROCEDURES: Anatomists are often the teachers who first meet the students as they enter medical school and this report analyses, by means of a questionnaire, the putative skills required of their medical students by anatomists from the U...
February 11, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444385/improving-near-peer-teaching-quality-in-anatomy-by-educating-teaching-assistants-an-example-from-sweden
#6
Ellen Johansson, Tobias E Holmin, Bengt R Johansson, Magnus Braide
Peer-assisted learning has gained momentum in a variety of disciplines, including medical education. In Gothenburg, Sweden, medical students who have finished their compulsory anatomy courses have the option of working as teaching assistants (TAs). Teaching assistants provide small group teaching sessions as a complement to lectures given by faculty. Previously, TAs were left to handle the role as junior teachers by themselves, but since 2011, a continuation course in anatomy has been developed with the aim of providing the TAs better anatomy knowledge and guidance for teaching...
February 14, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444335/effectiveness-of-mobile-cooperation-intervention-on-students-clinical-learning-outcomes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Camilla Strandell-Laine, Mikko Saarikoski, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Riitta Meretoja, Leena Salminen, Helena Leino-Kilpi
AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of the mobile cooperation intervention in improving the competence and self-efficacy of students and the quality of the clinical learning environment. BACKGROUND: For students, the clinical practicum is challenging as such and moreover the student - teacher cooperation, which supports the clinical learning of the students, has become complicated. Mobile applications have potential but their role in facilitating this cooperation remains unknown...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444325/evaluation-of-the-dissemination-of-snax-a-middle-school-based-obesity-prevention-intervention-within-a-large-us-school-district
#8
Laura M Bogart, Chong-Min Fu, Jodi Eyraud, Burton O Cowgill, Jennifer Hawes-Dawson, Kimberly Uyeda, David J Klein, Marc N Elliott, Mark A Schuster
Few evidence-based school obesity-prevention programs are disseminated. We used community-based participatory research principles to disseminate an evidence-based middle-school obesity-prevention program, Students for Nutrition and eXercise (SNaX), to a large, primarily Latino, school district. In the 2014-2015 school year, we trained a district "champion" to provide training and technical assistance to schools and supplied print- and web-based materials (www.snaxinschools.org). In one district region, 18 of 26 schools agreed to participate...
February 12, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440074/the-effects-of-doctoral-teaching-development-on-early-career-stem-scholars-college-teaching-self-efficacy
#9
Mark R Connolly, You-Geon Lee, Julia N Savoy
To help prepare future faculty in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) to teach undergraduates, more research universities are offering teaching development (TD) programs to doctoral students who aspire to academic careers. Using social cognitive career theory, we examine the effects of TD programs on early-career STEM scholars' sense of self-efficacy as postsecondary teachers. In 2011, a survey questionnaire was administered to 2156 people who in 2009 were doctoral students in STEM departments at three U...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434175/can-hybrid-educational-activities-of-team-and-problem-based-learning-program-be-effective-for-japanese-medical-students
#10
Kentaro Iwata, Asako Doi
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to investigate the medical students'perceptions of the Hybrid Educational Activities between team based learning (TBL) and problem based learning (PBL) Program (HEATAPP), a novel educational program that combines characteristics of PBL and TBL. METHODS: A five-day HEATAPP on infectious diseases was provided to 4th year medical students at Kobe University School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan. After the program, a focus group discussion was held among 6 medical students who participated in HEATAPP...
November 10, 2017: Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432852/environmental-manganese-exposure-and-associations-with-memory-executive-functions-and-hyperactivity-in-brazilian-children
#11
Chrissie Ferreira de Carvalho, Youssef Oulhote, Marina Martorelli, Carla Oliveira de Carvalho, José Antônio Menezes-Filho, Nayara Argollo, Neander Abreu
Manganese (Mn) is an essential element, however high levels of Mn have been associated with lower neuropsychological performance and behavioral problems in children. We investigated the associations between hair Mn concentrations and neuropsychological and behavioral performances among children with long-term exposure to airborne Mn aged between 7 and 12 years. Neuropsychological performance included tests of: verbal memory, inhibitory control, cognitive flexibility, verbal fluency, and motor function. We used the Conners Abbreviated Rating Scale for teachers to assess students' behaviors of hyperactivity...
February 9, 2018: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431185/how-high-schools-become-empowering-communities-a-mixed-method-explanatory-inquiry-into-youth-adult-partnership-and-school-engagement
#12
Shepherd Zeldin, Josset Sky Gauley, Alexandra Barringer, Brie Chapa
Educational reform efforts emphasize empowerment and engagement, but these concepts are rarely translated into policy or classroom practice. This inquiry explores how schools can become places where students take ownership over their own learning. Phase 1 of this inquiry, a survey of students from diverse high schools, examines pathways to school engagement. Results indicated that youth voice in decision-making, particularly when the experience is situated within supportive adult relationships and a sense of safety, significantly predicts emotional and cognitive engagement...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429492/initial-development-and-evaluation-of-the-student-intervention-matching-sim-form
#13
Faith G Miller, Clayton R Cook, Yanchen Zhang
There is currently a large gap in both research and practice between student identification practices for those at-risk (i.e., universal screening, teacher referral, or extant data as early identification methods) and the selection of appropriate Tier 2 interventions for social, emotional, and behavioral concerns. The purpose of this study was to develop and test the treatment validity of the Student Intervention Matching (SIM) Form, an intervention matching protocol designed for use at Tier 2. To this end, single-case design methodology was employed to systematically evaluate outcomes associated with use of the SIM Form in the intervention selection process...
February 2018: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427693/a-process-and-outcome-evaluation-of-an-in-class-vegetable-promotion-program
#14
Gael Myers, Shannon Wright, Sally Blane, Iain S Pratt, Simone Pettigrew
OBJECTIVE: Nutrition interventions that target both fruits and vegetables are effective in increasing fruit consumption, but have been limited in their ability to improve vegetable intake. To address the low proportion of children meeting vegetable intake guidelines, approaches specifically targeting vegetables are needed. This paper reports on a mixed-method analysis of a 10-week vegetable promotion pilot project that aimed to increase vegetable intake as part of the existing Crunch&Sip in-class fruit and vegetable break program...
February 7, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426387/effectiveness-of-the-co-pid-for-students-with-moderate-intellectual-disability
#15
Efrat Selanikyo, Naomi Weintraub, Shira Yalon-Chamovitz
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to corroborate the effectiveness of the Collaborative Consultation for Participation of Students With Intellectual Disability (Co-PID), intended for enhancing participation in classroom-related activities. METHOD: The study took place in two special education schools and included students with moderate intellectual and developmental disabilities ages 7-20 yr. The schools were randomly assigned to intervention (Co-PID; n = 28 students, n = 4 teachers) and control (In-Service [IS]; n = 32 students, n = 7 teachers) groups...
March 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425224/the-foreign-language-effect-on-the-self-serving-bias-a-field-experiment-in-the-high-school-classroom
#16
Joeri van Hugten, Arjen van Witteloostuijn
The rise of bilingual education triggers an important question: which language is preferred for a particular school activity? Our field experiment (n = 120) shows that students (aged 13-15) who process feedback in non-native English have greater self-serving bias than students who process feedback in their native Dutch. By contrast, literature on the foreign-language emotionality effect suggests a weaker self-serving bias in the non-native language, so our result adds nuance to that literature. The result is important to schools as it suggests that teachers may be able to reduce students' defensiveness and demotivation by communicating negative feedback in the native language, and teachers may be able to increase students' confidence and motivation by communicating positive feedback in the foreign language...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423358/using-the-precede-proceed-model-for-an-online-peer-to-peer-suicide-prevention-and-awareness-for-depression-spad-intervention-among-african-american-college-students-experimental-study
#17
Ledetra Shanta Bridges, Manoj Sharma, Jung Hye Sung Lee, Russell Bennett, Sarah G Buxbaum, Jacqueline Reese-Smith
Background: Suicide rates are high among African American students because they are at a greater risk of depression. A commonly used suicide prevention approach is the gatekeeper training. However, gatekeeper training is neither evidence-based nor has it been identified as culturally-appropriate for African American college students. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate an online peer-to-peer PRECEDE-PROCEED model based depression awareness and suicide prevention program that was culturally appropriate for African American college students...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420184/teacher-knowledge-for-active-learning-instruction-expert-novice-comparison-reveals-differences
#18
A J Auerbach, M Higgins, P Brickman, T C Andrews
Active-learning strategies can improve science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) undergraduates' abilities to learn fundamental concepts and skills. However, the results instructors achieve vary substantially. One explanation for this is that instructors commonly implement active learning differently than intended. An important factor affecting how instructors implement active learning is knowledge of teaching and learning. We aimed to discover knowledge that is important to effective active learning in large undergraduate courses...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415599/connected-attracted-and-concerned-a-q-study-on-medical-crossborder-curriculum-partnerships
#19
Dominique G J Waterval, Janneke M Frambach, Erik W Driessen, Arno Muijtjens, Albert J J A Scherpbier
INTRODUCTION: A new form of internationalization has been trending upward in the medical education realm: crossborder medical curriculum partnerships established to deliver the same, or adapted, curriculum to groups of geographically separated students. This study aims to investigate crossborder medical curriculum partnerships by exploring the experiences of teachers at the recipient institution who have a key role in delivering the program. METHODS: From four pioneering recipient medical schools, 24 teachers participated in a Q-sort study...
February 7, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409481/how-the-study-of-online-collaborative-learning-can-guide-teachers-and-predict-students-performance-in-a-medical-course
#20
Mohammed Saqr, Uno Fors, Matti Tedre
BACKGROUND: Collaborative learning facilitates reflection, diversifies understanding and stimulates skills of critical and higher-order thinking. Although the benefits of collaborative learning have long been recognized, it is still rarely studied by social network analysis (SNA) in medical education, and the relationship of parameters that can be obtained via SNA with students' performance remains largely unknown. The aim of this work was to assess the potential of SNA for studying online collaborative clinical case discussions in a medical course and to find out which activities correlate with better performance and help predict final grade or explain variance in performance...
February 6, 2018: BMC Medical Education
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