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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642727/-learning-science-is-about-facts-and-language-learning-is-about-being-discursive-an-empirical-investigation-of-students-disciplinary-beliefs-in-the-context-of-argumentation
#1
Patricia Heitmann, Martin Hecht, Ronny Scherer, Julia Schwanewedel
Argumentation is considered crucial in numerous disciplines in schools and universities because it constitutes an important proficiency in peoples' daily and professional lives. However, it is unclear whether argumentation is understood and practiced in comparable ways across disciplines. This study consequently examined empirically how students perceive argumentation in science and (first) language lessons. Specifically, we investigated students' beliefs about the relevance of discourse and the role of facts...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638823/comparing-the-effect-of-animal-rearing-education-in-japan-with-conventional-animal-assisted-education
#2
REVIEW
Yuka Nakajima
An increasing number of teachers are introducing animals into their class so that pupils foster cognitive, physiological, and social skills through their interaction with animals. Along with such an educational style termed animal-assisted education (AAE), Japanese formal education has also utilized animals for education. Japanese animal-rearing education is unique regarding the following two points: (1) it takes the form of "education through assisting animals" rather than "animals assisting education" and (2) animal rearing is embedded in formal education...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638515/use-of-fellow-as-clinical-teacher-fact-curriculum-for-teaching-during-consultation-effect-on-subspecialty-fellow-teaching-skills
#3
Eli M Miloslavsky, Kathleen Degnan, Jenna McNeill, Jakob I McSparron
BACKGROUND: Subspecialty consultation in inpatient care is increasing. Teaching by subspecialty fellows in a consultation setting may be an important source of work-based learning for students and residents. However, teaching and evaluation of learners in this context may be challenging due to personal and systems-based barriers. OBJECTIVE: We developed and evaluated a framework designed to overcome barriers to teaching and to improve fellow teaching skills during inpatient consultation...
June 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637740/tablet-computers-versus-optical-aids-to-support-education-and-learning-in-children-and-young-people-with-low-vision-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-create-children-reading-with-electronic-assistance-to-educate
#4
Michael D Crossland, Rachel Thomas, Hilary Unwin, Seelam Bharani, Vijaya K Gothwal, Ana Quartilho, Catey Bunce, Annegret Dahlmann-Noor
INTRODUCTION: Low vision and blindness adversely affect education and independence of children and young people. New 'assistive' technologies such as tablet computers can display text in enlarged font, read text out to the user, allow speech input and conversion into typed text, offer document and spreadsheet processing and give access to wide sources of information such as the internet. Research on these devices in low vision has been limited to case series. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will carry out a pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) to assess the feasibility of a full RCT of assistive technologies for children/young people with low vision...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633938/classroom-relationship-qualities-and-social-cognitive-correlates-of-defending-and-passive-bystanding-in-school-bullying-in-sweden-a-multilevel-analysis
#5
Robert Thornberg, Linda Wänström, Jun Sung Hong, Dorothy L Espelage
Using the social-ecological and social cognitive theories as integrated guiding frameworks, the present study examined whether moral disengagement and defender self-efficacy at the individual level, and moral disengagement, quality of teacher-student relationships and quality of student-student relationships at the classroom level were associated with passive bystanding and defending in bullying situations. Participants were 900 Swedish students from 43 classrooms, ranging in age from 9 to 13years. Multilevel regression analyses revealed that passive reactions by bystanders were associated with greater moral disengagement and less defender self-efficacy...
August 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633937/our-teacher-likes-you-so-i-like-you-a-social-network-approach-to-social-referencing
#6
Marloes M H G Hendrickx, Tim Mainhard, Henrike J Boor-Klip, Mieke Brekelmans
A teacher is a social referent for peer liking and disliking when students adjust their evaluations of a peer based on their perceptions of teacher liking and disliking for this peer. The present study investigated social referencing as an intra-individual process that occurs over time, using stochastic actor-oriented modeling with RSiena. The co-evolution of peer-perceived teacher liking and disliking networks with peer liking and disliking networks was analyzed in 52 fifth-grade classes in the Netherlands, with 1370 students (Mage=10...
August 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632444/the-structural-consequences-of-big-data-driven-education
#7
Elana Zeide
Educators and commenters who evaluate big data-driven learning environments focus on specific questions: whether automated education platforms improve learning outcomes, invade student privacy, and promote equality. This article puts aside separate unresolved-and perhaps unresolvable-issues regarding the concrete effects of specific technologies. It instead examines how big data-driven tools alter the structure of schools' pedagogical decision-making, and, in doing so, change fundamental aspects of America's education enterprise...
June 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632009/self-observation-and-peer-feedback-as-a-faculty-development-approach-for-problem-based-learning-tutors-a-program-evaluation
#8
Irène Garcia, Richard W James, Paul Bischof, Anne Baroffio
PROBLEM: Good teaching requires spontaneous, immediate, and appropriate action in response to various situations. It is even more crucial in problem-based learning (PBL) tutorials, as the tutors, while directing students toward the identification and attainment of learning objectives, must stimulate them to contribute to the process and provide them with constructive feedback. PBL tutors in medicine lack opportunities to receive feedback from their peers on their teaching strategies. Moreover, as tutorials provide little or no time to stop and think, more could be learned by reflecting on the experience than from the experience itself...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631304/when-and-how-do-students-benefit-from-ethnic-diversity-in-middle-school
#9
Jaana Juvonen, Kara Kogachi, Sandra Graham
The effects of school-based ethnic diversity on student well-being and race-related views were examined during the first year in middle school. To capture the dynamic nature of ethnic exposure, diversity was assessed both at the school-level (n = 26) and based on academic course enrollments of African American, Asian, Latino, and White students (n = 4,302; M = 11.33 years). Across all four pan-ethnic groups, school-level ethnic diversity was associated with lower sense of vulnerability (i.e., feeling safer, less victimized, and less lonely) as well as perceptions of teachers' fair and equal treatment of ethnic groups and lower out-group distance...
June 20, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628368/dietitians-perspectives-on-teaching-nutrition-to-medical-students
#10
Emily Burch, Jennifer Crowley, Celia Laur, Sumantra Ray, Lauren Ball
OBJECTIVES: The provision of nutrition care by health professionals can facilitate improved patient nutrition behaviors. Some education institutions include nutrition in their medical curriculum; however, doctors and medical students continue to lack competence in providing nutrition care. Dietitians are increasingly teaching nutrition to medical students, yet evidence on the topic remains anecdotal. It is important to understand the experiences of these dietitians to support improvements in undergraduate medical nutrition education...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624601/the-manchester-fly-facility-implementing-an-objective-driven-long-term-science-communication-initiative
#11
REVIEW
Sanjai Patel, Andreas Prokop
Science communication is increasingly important for scientists, although research, teaching and administration activities tend to eat up our time already, and budgets for science communication are usually low. It appears impossible to combine all these tasks and, in addition, to develop engagement activities to a quality and impact that would make the efforts worth their while. Here we argue that these challenges are easier addressed when centering science communication initiatives on a long-term vision with a view to eventually forming outreach networks where the load can be shared whilst being driven to higher momentum...
June 15, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620332/combinations-of-personal-responsibility-differences-on-pre-service-and-practicing-teachers-efficacy-engagement-classroom-goal-structures-and-wellbeing
#12
Lia M Daniels, Amanda I Radil, Lauren D Goegan
Pre-service and practicing teachers feel responsible for a range of educational activities. Four domains of personal responsibility emerging in the literature are: student achievement, student motivation, relationships with students, and responsibility for ones own teaching. To date, most research has used variable-centered approaches to examining responsibilities even though the domains appear related. In two separate samples we used cluster analysis to explore how pre-service (n = 130) and practicing (n = 105) teachers combined personal responsibilities and their impact on three professional cognitions and their wellbeing...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619020/medical-students-can-teach-communication-skills-a-mixed-methods-study-of-cross-year-peer-tutoring
#13
Osamu Nomura, Hirotaka Onishi, Hiroyuki Kato
BACKGROUND: Cross-year peer tutoring (CYPT) of medical students is recognized as an effective learning tool. The aim of this study is to investigate the non-inferiority of the objective outcome of medical interview training with CYPT compared with the results of faculty-led training (FLT), and to explore qualitatively the educational benefits of CYPT. METHODS: We conducted a convergent mixed methods study including a randomized controlled non-inferiority trial and two focus groups...
June 15, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614194/impact-of-3-years-of-classroom-physical-activity-bouts-on-time-on-task-behavior
#14
Amanda N Szabo-Reed, Erik A Willis, Jaehoon Lee, Charles H Hillman, Richard A Washburn, Joseph E Donnelly
Participation in classroom physical activity (PA) may improve time-on-task (TOT), however, the influence of sustained moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) on TOT is unknown. PURPOSE: To explore the influence of classroom PA delivered with academic lessons on TOT, determine if the relationship between classroom PA and TOT differs by age, sex, race/ethnicity, weight or baseline fitness, and identify the influence of MVPA on TOT when controlling for demographic variables. METHODS: Teachers in intervention schools were asked to deliver two, 10-minute PA lessons/day, 5 days/week...
June 13, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612400/in-search-of-educational-efficiency-30-years-of-medical-education-s-top-cited-articles
#15
J Cristian Rangel, Carrie Cartmill, Maria Athina Martimianakis, Ayelet Kuper, Cynthia R Whitehead
CONTEXT: Academic journals represent shared spaces wherein the significance of thematic areas, methodologies and paradigms are debated and shaped through collective engagement. By studying journals in their historical and cultural contexts, the academic community can gain insight into the ways in which authors and audiences propose, develop, harness, revise and discard research subjects, methodologies and practices. METHODS: Thirty top-cited articles published in Medical Education between 1986 and 2014 were analysed in a two-step process...
June 14, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611700/brain-knowledge-and-the-prevalence-of-neuromyths-among-prospective-teachers-in-greece
#16
Marietta Papadatou-Pastou, Eleni Haliou, Filippos Vlachos
Although very often teachers show a great interest in introducing findings from the field of neuroscience in their classrooms, there is growing concern about the lack of academic instruction on neuroscience on teachers' curricula because this has led to a proliferation of neuromyths. We surveyed 479 undergraduate (mean age = 19.60 years, SD = 2.29) and 94 postgraduate students (mean age = 28.52 years, SD = 7.16) enrolled in Departments of Education at the University of Thessaly and the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608954/experience-from-an-optional-dissection-course-in-a-clinically-orientated-concept-to-complement-system-based-anatomy-in-a-reformed-curriculum
#17
Elisabeth Eppler, Steffen Serowy, Karl Link, Luis Filgueira
Profound anatomical knowledge is the basis for modern demands in medicine and surgery, but many countries worldwide including Australia and New Zealand have discontinued offering dissection courses to medical and dental students during the past decades. This educational project done in Australia aimed at enhancing basic and advanced anatomy teaching by engaging a sub-group of second-year undergraduate students of a compulsory prosection- and model-based anatomy course (n = 54/170) in an optional multimodal course, which should easily articulate with a vertical curriculum...
June 13, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608359/achievement-goal-profiles-and-developments-in-effort-and-achievement-in-upper-elementary-school
#18
Lisette Hornstra, Marieke Majoor, Thea Peetsma
BACKGROUND: The multiple goal perspective posits that certain combinations of achievement goals are more favourable than others in terms of educational outcomes. AIMS: This study aimed to examine longitudinally whether students' achievement goal profiles and transitions between profiles are associated with developments in self-reported and teacher-rated effort and academic achievement in upper elementary school. SAMPLE: Participants were 722 fifth-grade students and their teachers in fifth and sixth grade (N = 68)...
June 13, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607645/the-perspective-of-medical-students-regarding-the-roles-and-characteristics-of-a-clinical-role-model
#19
Bahareh Bahmanbijari, Amin Beigzadeh, Abbas Etminan, Atena Rahmati Najarkolai, Marzieh Khodaei, Seyed Mostafa Seyed Askari
BACKGROUND: As medical students spend most of their time with their clinical teachers and imitate their roles and characteristics during the school year, it is important to identify the roles and characteristics that they find essential in their role models. These traits play a part in their future professions as doctors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the perspective of students, interns, and residents regarding the roles and characteristics of a clinical role model...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602566/dis-integration-of-communication-in-healthcare-education-workplace-learning-challenges-and-opportunities
#20
Marcy E Rosenbaum
The purpose of this paper, based on a 2016 Heidelberg International Conference on Communication in Healthcare (ICCH) plenary presentation, is to examine a key problem in communication skills training for health professional learners. Studies have pointed to a decline in medical students' communication skills and attitudes as they proceed through their education, particularly during their clinical workplace training experiences. This paper explores some of the key factors in this disintegration, drawing on selected literature and highlighting some curriculum efforts and research conducted at the University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine as a case study of these issues...
June 3, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
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