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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821520/preclinical-medical-students-understandings-of-academic-and-medical-professionalism-visual-analysis-of-mind-maps
#1
Janusz Janczukowicz, Charlotte E Rees
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have begun to explore medical students' understandings of professionalism generally and medical professionalism specifically. Despite espoused relationships between academic (AP) and medical professionalism (MP), previous research has not yet investigated students' conceptualisations of AP and MP and the relationships between the two. OBJECTIVES: The current study, based on innovative visual analysis of mind maps, therefore aims to contribute to the developing literature on how professionalism is understood...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820022/self-reported-school-demands-and-psychosomatic-problems-among-adolescents-changes-in-the-association-between-1988-and-2011
#2
Karina Nygren, Curt Hagquist
AIMS: The aim of the present study was to examine changes over time in the relationship between self-reported school demands and psychosomatic problems, also considering the impact of student influence and teacher support. METHODS: Data from a cross-sectional study (Young in Värmland) including eight data collections (1988-2011) among Swedish students aged 15-16 were used ( n = 20,115). Analyses with multinomial logistic regression and descriptive statistics were applied...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818008/occupational-therapy-student-experiences-of-a-university-mental-health-course-based-on-an-integrated-application-of-problem-based-and-team-based-learning
#3
Annika Lexén, Jenny Hultqvist, Gunilla Amnér
BACKGROUND: The goal of problem-based and team-based learning (PBL/TBL) is to maximize student engagement and encourage interactive learning. Combining these methods in course design is described as a win-win situation that optimizes student learning, professional development, and uses varied teaching approaches that fit well within health science. More research is needed in the effectiveness of such a hybrid approach. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore student experiences of a newly developed mental health course based on an integrated application of PBL and TBL in a university occupational therapy program in Sweden...
August 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816487/associations-between-bullying-involvement-protective-factors-and-mental-health-among-american-indian-youth
#4
Kari Gloppen, Barbara McMorris, Amy Gower, Marla Eisenberg
Bullying involvement as a victim or perpetrator is associated with depression and suicidality, and American Indian (AI) youth experience a disproportionately high rate of these mental health issues. This study assessed whether AI young people involved in bullying were more likely to experience negative mental health problems than AI youth who were not involved in bullying, and identified protective factors that might support this particularly vulnerable population. Data come from 1,409 8th, 9th, and 11th Grade AI students who completed the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810273/-nursing-internship-internal-medicine-evaluation-and-influences-on-the-attitude-towards-the-specialization
#5
Janine Wirkner, Sylvia Stracke, Anja Lange, Thomas Dabers, Harry Merk, Richard Kasch
Background German medical students have to perform a nursery internship of three month duration. While this internship is widely discussed, there is a lack of student evaluation data. Objectives Here, for the first time, student evaluation of a nursery internship in internal medicine (IM) is investigated. Moreover, the question was raised, whether the early experience during this internship may influence students' attitude towards the specialty. Methods In a nation-wide online-survey, 767 German medical students (mean age 22...
August 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803226/nursing-students-and-faculty-members-experiences-of-comfort-during-transition-to-context-based-learning
#6
Vivian Puplampu
There is evidence supporting student-centered learning (SCL) as an effective pedagogy to prepare professionals to work in the evolving health care system of the twenty-first century. SCL has many benefits, among them that it helps students to learn to work in teams and develop problem-solving, critical thinking and communication skills. The focus on the student means that the teacher's power is decreased. This, along with openness of the approach, can make the transition to SCL a challenge. This study used an exploratory descriptive qualitative design to explore how comfortable nursing students and faculty members were in a context-based learning (CBL) program, a version of SCL...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801932/introduction-comparison-and-validation-of-meta-essentials-a-free-and-simple-tool-for-meta-analysis
#7
Robert Suurmond, Henk van Rhee, Tony Hak
We present a new tool for meta-analysis, Meta-Essentials, which is free-of-charge and easy to use. In this paper, we introduce the tool and compare its features to other tools for meta-analysis. We also provide detailed information on the validation of the tool. Though free-of-charge and simple, Meta-Essentials automatically calculates effect sizes from a wide range of statistics and can be used for a wide range of meta-analysis applications, including subgroup analysis, moderator analysis, and publication bias analyses...
August 12, 2017: Research Synthesis Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800516/repetitive-vs-occasional-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-school-related-factors-among-israeli-high-school-students
#8
Nir Madjar, Gil Zalsman, Tal Reshef Ben Mordechai, Gal Shoval
The current study explored the relationship between non-suicidal self-injuries (NSSI) and students' perceptions of school among adolescents. A sample of 594 high-school students (54.4% male; mean age 14.96) completed validated self-reported measures. Students were divided into three groups: repetitive-NSSI (more than 6 occasions), occasional-NSSI (at least once but less than 6), and no-NSSI. Multi-nominal regression, controlling for gender, age, and depression symptoms, indicated that teachers' psychological support, a sense of school belongingness, and negative perceptions of peer climate were significantly different between repetitive-NSSI and non-NSSI groups...
July 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798908/characteristics-of-yoga-practitioners-motivators-and-yoga-techniques-of-choice-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Shirley Telles, Sachin Kumar Sharma, Nilkamal Singh, Acharya Balkrishna
BACKGROUND: The characteristics of yoga practitioners and factors motivating people to practice yoga have been studied in the US and in Australia. This study aimed to determine the characteristics of yoga users in India, the factors that motivate them to practice yoga, and the yoga techniques of choice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a one-time, cross-sectional survey based on convenience sampling. Inclusion criteria were (a) a minimum of 1 week experience of yoga and (b) at least 10 years of age...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798209/gender-math-confidence-and-grit-relationships-with-quantitative-skills-and-performance-in-an-undergraduate-biology-course
#10
K M Flanagan, J Einarson
In a world filled with big data, mathematical models, and statistics, the development of strong quantitative skills is becoming increasingly critical for modern biologists. Teachers in this field must understand how students acquire quantitative skills and explore barriers experienced by students when developing these skills. In this study, we examine the interrelationships among gender, grit, and math confidence for student performance on a pre-post quantitative skills assessment and overall performance in an undergraduate biology course...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797276/preventive-medicine-as-a-first-or-second-choice-course-a-cross-sectional-survey-into-students-motivational-differences-and-implications-for-information-provision
#11
Van Anh Thi Nguyen, Karen D Könings, Albert J J A Scherpbier, Pamela Wright, Hoat Ngoc Luu, Jeroen J G van Merriënboer
BACKGROUND: Challenges in recruiting and retaining medical staff in preventive medical specialties have recently been the subject of numerous studies. To improve selection procedures, it is important to understand the career preferences and incentives of students in preventive medicine (PM), who initially marked the program as either their first choice or second choice. 1386 PM students in four Vietnamese medical schools participated in a survey using a structured, written questionnaire...
August 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791651/addressing-health-disparities-with-school-based-outreach-the-health-career-academy-program
#12
Liana Gefter, Judy Spahr, John Gruber, Sandra Ross, Laurie Watson, Barry Mann
Pipeline programs address health disparities by promoting academic achievement and entry of low-income ethnic and racial minority youth into healthcare fields. The Health Career Academy (HCA) is a 3-year pipeline program for high school students from low-income, ethnic, and racial minority communities. Health professional students serve as program mentors. The HCA has been implemented in nine US sites, with partnerships between 17 health professional schools and 17 high schools. A total of 386 10th grade students and 95 11th grade students enrolled as participants in the 2015-2016 HCA program...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782980/psychometric-properties-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-adolescent-stress-questionnaire-asq-s
#13
Juan F Lima, Rafael Alarcón, Milagros Escobar, F Javier Fernández-Baena, Ángela M Muñoz, María J Blanca
The aim of this study was to develop a Spanish version of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire and to examine its psychometric properties: factor structure, measurement invariance across samples, reliability, and concurrent validity. Participants consisted of 1,560 Spanish students between 12 and 18 years of age. The results support a structure based on 10 first-order factors (corresponding to stressors on the dimensions Home Life, School Performance, School Attendance, Romantic Relationships, Peer Pressure, Teacher Interaction, Future Uncertainty, School/Leisure Conflict, Financial Pressure, and Emerging Adult Responsibility) and 1 second-order factor that subsumes the first-order factors...
August 7, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782345/a-picture-of-indian-adolescent-mental-health-an-analysis-from-three-urban-secondary-schools
#14
Katelyn N G Long, Lisa H Gren, Paul M Long, Rachel Jaggi, Srabani Banik, Nicole L Mihalopoulos
Purpose Mental health disorders are a pressing issue among adolescents around the world, including in India. A better understanding of the factors related to poor mental health will allow for more effective and targeted interventions for Indian adolescents. Methods The Indian Adolescent Health Questionnaire (IAHQ), a validated questionnaire designed specifically for use in schools, was administered to approximately 1500 secondary students in three private urban Indian schools in 2012. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) module assessed mental health...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780955/a-review-of-peer-assisted-learning-to-deliver-interprofessional-supplementary-image-interpretation-skills
#15
REVIEW
P Bain, A Wareing, I Henderson
BACKGROUND: Peer-assisted learning provides a means through which individuals can learn from one another through a reciprocal process. Radiographic image interpretation skills are fundamental to both diagnostic radiography students and medical students due to their shared role in preliminary evaluation of conventional radiographic images. Medical students on graduation, may not be well prepared to carry out image interpretation, since evidence suggests that they perform less well than radiographers in e...
September 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780738/john-p-craig-md-mph-physician-scientist-educator-and-mentor-1923-2016
#16
M A Haseeb, Pascal James Imperato
John P. Craig (1923-2016) was an eminent physician-scientist, gifted educator, and greatly valued mentor. Born in West Liberty, Ohio on 29 November 1923, he attended Oberlin College, and received his medical degree from Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine. This was followed by an internship at Yale University Medical Center, and then service in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. He was a battalion surgeon, preventive medicine officer, and epidemiologist. While in Korea, he conducted important investigations of hemorrhagic fever among American troops...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776845/shifting-stem-stereotypes-considering-the-role-of-peer-and-teacher-gender
#17
Catherine Riegle-Crumb, Chelsea Moore, Jenny Buontempo
This study builds on research on the power of counter-stereotypical cues, as well as intergroup contact theory, to consider whether interactions with a female teacher and female peers in a high school engineering classroom decrease male students' gender/science, technology, engineering, and math stereotypical beliefs and whether this varies according to the initial strength of their stereotypical views. Analyses reveal that among male students who initially reject stereotypes of male superiority, more female peers in the classroom leads to a further decrease in their stereotypical views by the end of the year...
September 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776432/managing-student-behavior-in-dual-immersion-classrooms-a-study-of-class-wide-function-related-intervention-teams
#18
Blake D Hansen, Paul Caldarella, Leslie Williams, Howard P Wills
Classroom management in dual immersion classrooms includes unique challenges. The teacher must instruct and correct in the L2 language, in which students are beginning learners, and effective classroom management strategies appropriate to the L2 context. Class-Wide Function-Related Intervention Teams (CW-FIT) is a positive classroom management program that teaches social skills and uses group contingencies to improve behavior. The present study examined the ability of French immersion teachers to implement CW-FIT in the L2, including the effects of CW-FIT on teacher praise and reprimand rates and as well as on students' classroom behavior...
September 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771992/improving-evaluation-at-two-medical-schools
#19
Sarah Schiekirka-Schwake, Katharina Dreiling, Katharina Pyka, Sven Anders, Nicole von Steinbüchel, Tobias Raupach
BACKGROUND: Student evaluations of teaching can provide useful feedback for teachers and programme coordinators alike. We have designed a novel evaluation tool assessing teacher performance and student learning outcome. This tool was implemented at two German medical schools. In this article, we report student and teacher perceptions of the novel tool, and the implementation process. METHODS: Focus group discussions as well as one-to-one interviews involving 22 teachers and 31 undergraduate medical students were conducted...
August 3, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769851/class-collective-efficacy-and-class-size-as-moderators-of-the-relationship-between-junior-middle-school-students-externalizing-behavior-and-academic-engagement-a-multilevel-study
#20
Yu Tian, Yulong Bian, Piguo Han, Fengqiang Gao, Peng Wang
This study examined the relationship between externalizing behavior and academic engagement, and tested the possibility of class collective efficacy and class size moderating this relationship. Data were collected from 28 Chinese classrooms (N = 1034 students; grades 7, 8, and 9) with student reports. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to test all hypotheses and results revealed a negative relationship between externalizing behavior and academic engagement; class collective efficacy was also significantly related to academic engagement...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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