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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667358/human-disease-clinical-medical-sciences-in-dentistry-current-state-and-future-directions-of-undergraduate-teaching-in-the-uk-and-ireland
#1
P A Atkin, S Thomas, R J Cook, M Greenwood, J H Bennett, A Willis, C Donachie, R Ni Riordain, S Galvin, A Crighton, A J Mighell, I Bakri
In March 2017, a group of teachers of human disease/clinical medical science (HD/CMSD) representing the majority of schools from around the UK and Republic of Ireland met to discuss the current state of teaching of human disease and also to discuss how the delivery of this theme might evolve to inform improved healthcare. This study outlines how the original teaching in medicine and surgery to dental undergraduate students has developed into the theme of HD/CMSD reflecting changing needs as well as guidance from the regulators, and how different dental schools have developed their approaches to reach their current state...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664517/-radar-a-program-for-the-prevention-of-suicide-in-adolescents-in-the-region-of-aysen-chile-preliminary-results
#2
Francisco Bustamante, Cinthya Urquidi, Ramón Florenzano, Carolina Barrueto, Jaime de Los Hoyos, Karla Ampuero, Laura Terán, María Inés Figueroa, Magdalena Farías, María Livia Rueda, Eduardo Giacaman
OBJECTIVE: We present the preliminary results of the implementation of RADAR: a community suicide prevention program in adolescents implemented in two high schools in a south region of Chile. METHOD: In a pilot study, during 2016, we implemented RADAR in two high schools of Puerto Aysen, in in the Region of Aysen of Chile. A total of 409 actors were trained (among students, school teachers, caregivers and health professionals) for the screening and referral of high suicide risk adolescents...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663182/do-reciprocal-relationships-between-academic-workload-and-self-regulated-learning-predict-medical-freshmen-s-achievement-a-longitudinal-study-on-the-educational-transition-from-secondary-school-to-medical-school
#3
Joselina Barbosa, Álvaro Silva, Maria Amélia Ferreira, Milton Severo
One of the most important factors that makes the transition from secondary school to medical school challenging is the inability to put in the study time that a medical school curriculum demands. The implementation of regulated learning is essential for students to cope with medical course environment and succeed. This study aimed to investigate the reciprocal relationships between self-regulated learning skills (SRLS) and academic workload (AW) across secondary school to medical school transition. Freshmen enrolled in medical school (N = 102) completed questionnaires at the beginning and at the end of their academic year, assessing AW (measured as study time hours and perceived workload), SRLS (planning and strategies for learning assessment, motivation and action to learning and self-directedness) and academic achievement...
April 16, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660964/hospital-to-school-transition-following-traumatic-brain-injury-a-qualitative-longitudinal-study
#4
Bonnie Todis, Melissa McCart, Ann Glang
BACKGROUND: The transition from hospital to school is regarded by researchers as a key factor in the educational success of students with traumatic brain injury (TBI). OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to look closely at what transition services consist of, how they are delivered, and how they are received by educators. METHODS: Parents and educators of 21 students with TBI participated in a qualitative study of the delivery of transition services and implementation of hospital recommendations...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656997/veterinary-parasitology-teaching-at-london-meeting-the-day-one-competency-needs-of-new-veterinarians
#5
Mark Fox, Damer Blake, Dennis Jacobs
Over the past four decades, there has been an exponential increase in veterinary parasitology knowledge, coinciding with the advent of molecular biology in research. Therefore, it is unrealistic for teachers to expect students to graduate with an encyclopaedic knowledge of the subject. As a result, a new curriculum was introduced at The Royal Veterinary College (University of London) in 2007, designed to meet the needs of our new graduates, i.e. RCVS Day-One Competences. The aims of this curriculum are, inter alia, to ensure that new graduates have an up-to-date body of core knowledge and are able to apply such knowledge and newly-acquired information to scientific and clinical problem-solving...
April 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652857/indoor-radon-exposure-in-italian-schools
#6
Antonio Azara, Marco Dettori, Paolo Castiglia, Andrea Piana, Paolo Durando, Valentina Parodi, Giovanni Salis, Laura Saderi, Giovanni Sotgiu
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess radon concentration in schoolrooms in a city located in the midwest of Italy. METHODS: A two-phase environmental study was carried out in 19 school buildings of 16 primary, secondary, and tertiary schools. RESULTS: Median (interquartile range-IQR) indoor radon concentration in schoolrooms was 91.6 (45.0-140.3) Bq/m³. The highest (median 952.8 Bq/m³) radon concentration was found in one (3.6%) classroom, located in a building of a primary school whose median concentration was 185 Bq/m³...
April 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652220/meeting-the-needs-of-young-adolescents-abbl-anti-bullying-program-during-middle-school-transition
#7
Małgorzata Wójcik, Anna M Hełka
This article introduces ABBL, the anti-bullying program for the transition to middle school, which was designed as a free, feasible, and easily applicable solution for teachers who, for any reason, cannot take advantage of comprehensive anti-bullying school-based programs. The ABBL, based on the identification of the causal risk factors and mechanisms that lead to bullying, aims to influence the peer group in such a way that students do not reward antisocial behaviors and are, instead, able to create supportive class atmospheres and strong networks of personal attachments...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650497/quality-of-medical-education-is-our-health-in-safe-hands
#8
Tanuj Kanchan, Kewal Krishan, Neelam Dehal
The medical profession, once considered a "noble profession" has been under the scanner for deterioration in services. This decline is generally attributed to commercialisation of services, waning human values, and a lack of empathy and communication skills. At a time when discussions are focused on devising approaches to test medical students for attributes such as empathy, communication skills and concern for the less privileged, developing nations like India are suffering from the "problem of too many"...
March 12, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649922/perceptions-of-rural-school-mental-health-services-a-focus-group-study
#9
Amy D Habeger, Kimberly S van Vulpen, Teresa F Simmons
The presence of emotional or behavioural disorders has an impact on academic achievement. Access to behavioural health services is a challenge, particularly in rural communities. School-based mental health services have been recognised as an effective means of addressing the needs of students with emotional or behavioural disorders. This qualitative focus group study explored the service needs, gaps, and barriers to mental health services. Themes related to time, space, family engagement, and education for teachers and caregivers emerged from the focus groups...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629792/screening-for-behavioral-risk-identification-of-high-risk-cut-scores-within-the-social-academic-and-emotional-behavior-risk-screener-saebrs
#10
Stephen P Kilgus, Crystal N Taylor, Nathaniel P von der Embse
The purpose of this study was to support the identification of Social, Academic, and Emotional Behavior Risk Screener (SAEBRS) cut scores that could be used to detect high-risk students. Teachers rated students across two time points (Time 1 n = 1,242 students; Time 2 n = 704) using the SAEBRS and the Behavioral and Emotional Screening System (BESS), the latter of which served as the criterion measure. Exploratory receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses of Time 1 data detected cut scores evidencing optimal levels of specificity and borderline-to-optimal levels of sensitivity...
March 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629053/effective-factors-on-menstrual-health-among-female-students-in-bam-city-a-qualitative-study
#11
Mohammad Ali Morowatisharifabad, Aliakbar Vaezi, Neda Mohammadinia
Background: Menarche is an independent puberty event in a girl's life, and is associated with physical growth, ability in marriage and fertility. Therefore, poor menstrual health can be a major determinant of morbidity, as well as physical, mental and social problems in this age group. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the effective factors on menstrual health among female students in Bam city. Methods: The qualitative study was conducted using content analysis approach in 2017...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625572/standardized-patients-in-psychiatry-the-best-way-to-learn-clinical-skills
#12
Monika Himmelbauer, Tamara Seitz, Charles Seidman, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
BACKGROUND: Standardized patients (SP) have been successfully utilized in medical education to train students' communication skills. At the Medical University of Vienna communication training with SPs in psychiatry is a mandatory part of the curriculum. In the training, the SP plays the role of four different patients suffering from depression/suicidal tendencies, somatoform disorder, anxiety disorder, or borderline disorder while the student attempts to gather the patient's medical history...
April 6, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623012/comparison-between-faculty-and-students-perspectives-on-the-qualities-of-a-good-medical-teacher-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Abdulrahman A Al-Mohaimeed
Objectives: This study aimed to explore faculty and students perceptions on the qualities of good medical teachers, and to determine whether the opinions of faculty and students differed. Methods: Two quantitative surveys were performed at Qassim University College of Medicine using a pretested self-administered questionnaire distributed to the faculty and students of the college. It captured their opinions about qualities and attributes of good teachers. Each item was measured on a 5-point Likert scale...
January 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621945/empathy-intervention-to-reduce-implicit-bias-in-pre-service-teachers
#14
Denise K Whitford, Andrea M Emerson
There have been long-term concerns regarding discriminatory discipline practices used with culturally and linguistically diverse students, with little research on the impact teacher-centered empathy interventions may have on this population. This randomized pretest-posttest control group design investigates the ability of a brief empathy-inducing intervention to improve the implicit bias of pre-service teachers, as measured by the Implicit Association Test. We found the empathy intervention statistically significant at decreasing the implicit bias of White female pre-service teachers toward Black individuals ( F = 7...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621795/unique-contributors-to-the-curriculum-from-research-to-practice-for-speech-language-pathologists-in-schools
#15
Rachel K Powell
Purpose: This lead article of the Clinical Forum focuses on the research that supports why speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are an integral part of the overarching curriculum for all students in schools. Method: Focus on education has shifted to student performance in our global world, specifically in college and career readiness standards. This article reviews recommendations on best practice from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association on SLPs' roles in schools, as well as data on school-based services...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620578/facilitators-and-barriers-to-the-implementation-of-isprint-a-sport-injury-prevention-program-in-junior-high-schools
#16
Sarah A Richmond, Alex Donaldson, Alison Macpherson, William Bridel, Carla van den Berg, Caroline F Finch, Brent Hagel, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVES: Sport injury is the leading cause of hospitalization in Canadian youth and represents a high burden to the health care system. This study aims to describe the facilitators and barriers to implementation of a sport injury prevention program in junior high school physical education (known as iSPRINT), previously shown to reduce the risk of sport-related injury in youth (age, 11-15 years). METHODS: Focus group data were mapped onto constructs from the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR)...
March 29, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617212/physical-education-preservice-teachers-perceptions-about-preparation-for-comprehensive-school-physical-activity-programs
#17
Ja Youn Kwon, Pamela Hodges Kulinna, Hans van der Mars, Mirka Koro-Ljungberg, Audrey Amrein-Beardsley, Jason Norris
PURPOSE: Physical educators may be the responsible people for implementing comprehensive school physical activity programs (CSPAPs) in schools. However, it is unclear whether physical education teacher education (PETE) programs provide the relevant learning opportunities to preservice teachers for CSPAP implementation. The purpose of this study was to understand preservice teachers' perspectives and experiences of CSPAP preparation in their PETE programs. METHOD: Fourteen PETE students from 6 different universities participated and shared their experiences in PETE programs...
April 4, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616573/physiology-learning-for-veterinary-students-impact-of-guided-practices-on-students-opinion-and-physiological-parameters
#18
Francisco A García-Vázquez, Raquel Romar, Joaquín Gadea, Carmen Matás, Pilar Coy, Salvador Ruiz
Over recent decades, education has increasingly focused on student-centered learning. Guided practices represent a new way of learning for undergraduate students of physiology, whereby the students turn into teacher-students and become more deeply involved in the subject by preparing and teaching a practical (laboratory) class to their peers. The goal was to assess the students' opinions about guided practices and how physiological parameters change during the activity. For this objective, two experiments were performed...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615831/classroom-assignments-as-measures-of-teaching-quality
#19
Jeanette Joyce, Drew H Gitomer, Charles J Iaconangelo
We investigate classroom assignments and resulting student work to identify important characteristics of assignments in terms of instructional quality and their validity as measures of teaching quality. We examine assignment quality within a large-scale project exploring multiple measures including classroom observations, teacher knowledge measures, and value-added estimates based on student achievement scores. Analyses included descriptive statistics, multivariate analyses to understand factors contributing to score variance, and correlational analyses exploring the relationship of assignment scores to other measures...
April 2018: Learning and Instruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614733/factors-that-predict-parental-willingness-to-have-their-children-vaccinated-against-hpv-in-a-country-with-low-hpv-vaccination-coverage
#20
Maria Ganczak, Barbara Owsianka, Marcin Korzeń
Background: Adolescent HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) vaccination is yet to be introduced as a mandatory program in Poland. Polish literature on factors associated with adolescent HPV vaccination is scant, despite the fact that uptake is one of the poorest in the European Union. Objectives: To assess HPV awareness and identify independent predictors for parental willingness to have their children vaccinated against HPV. Methods: All parents of first grade students from three selected high schools in Zgorzelec, Poland, who participated in parent-teacher meetings at the time the study was conducted, had their children unvaccinated regarding HPV, and who gave informed consent to participate were included...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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