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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431102/an-escherichia-coli-expression-model-reveals-the-species-specific-function-of-ftsa-from-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-in-cell-division
#1
Yinan Zou, Yan Li, Sanjaya B Ekanayake, Jo-Anne R Dillon
Escherichia coli (Ec) has been used to study the function of cell division proteins from different microorganisms, especially when genetic tools are limited for studying these proteins in their native hosts. The expression of ftsA from N. gonorrhoeae (Ng) disrupted cell division in E. coli resulting in a significant increase in cell length. In some cells, FtsANg localized to the division site and the poles of E. coli cells, but the majority of cells showed no specifical localization. FtsANg did not complement an E...
April 18, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424484/the-tandem-agenet-domain-of-fragile-x-mental-retardation-protein-interacts-with-fus
#2
Qingzhong He, Wei Ge
The tandem Agenet domain (TAD) of fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP) protein is considered to be a member of the methyl-lysine-binding Tudor domain "Royal family". Several groups have reported that the TAD binds with methylated histones and plays a role in DNA damage responses. FMRP is a RNA-binding protein predominantly resident in cytoplasm. Therefore, in this study, we identified DDX5, FUS, EWSR1 and LSM14A as TAD-interacting proteins sensitive to F32L and/or Y96L mutation by pull-down assays and mass spectrometry...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423738/lncrna-snhg1-a-non-degradable-sponge-for-mir-338-promotes-expression-of-proto-oncogene-cst3-in-primary-esophageal-cancer-cells
#3
Yan Yan, Qingxia Fan, Liping Wang, Yue Zhou, Jianhua Li, Kun Zhou
Competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) is a newly proposed mechanism that describes a crosstalk among lncRNAs, mRNAs and their shared miRNAs. In this study, the role of miR-338-3p (miR-338) in the progression of esophageal cancer and its involve in the ceRNA regulatory circuit lncRNA-Snhg1/CST3 were explored. MiR-338 displayed a 30% decreased expression in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma tissues compared with the adjacent. Then, proto-oncogene CST3 was predicted and validated as a target gene of miR-338. Gain-and-loss-function experiments indicated that miR-338 suppressed expression of CST3 protein (also Cystatin C, CysC), promoted expression of apoptotic proteins caspase-8/3, attenuated esophageal carcinoma cell growth and induced its apoptosis...
March 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423647/upregulation-of-the-lncrna-meg3-induces-autophagy-to-inhibit-tumorigenesis-and-progression-of-epithelial-ovarian-carcinoma-by-regulating-activity-of-atg3
#4
Yin-Ling Xiu, Kai-Xuan Sun, Xi Chen, Shuo Chen, Yang Zhao, Qing-Guo Guo, Zhi-Hong Zong
Maternally expressed gene 3 (Meg3), a long non-coding RNA, has been reported to be associated with the pathogenesis of multiple malignancies. However, little is known regarding the role of Meg3 in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). In this study, we found that the expression of Meg3 was lower in epithelial ovarian carcinoma, and has potential to be considered as a biomarker for ovarian cancer. After transfecting the ovarian cancer cell lines OVCAR3 and A2780 with Meg3, phenotypic changes and autophagy-related molecules were examined...
March 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422137/effective-in-vivo-therapeutic-igg-antibody-against-vp3-of-enterovirus-71-with-receptor-competing-activity
#5
Qiang Jia, Qingyong Ng, Wenjie Chin, Tao Meng, Vincent Tak Kwong Chow, Cheng-I Wang, Jimmy Kwang, Fang He
Passive immunization is an effective option for treatment against hand, foot and mouth disease caused by EV71, especially with cross-neutralizing IgG monoclonal antibodies. In this study, an EV71-specific IgG2a antibody designated 5H7 was identified and characterized. 5H7 efficiently neutralizes the major EV71 genogroups (A, B4, C2, C4). The conformational epitope of 5H7 was mapped to the highly conserved amino acid position 74 on VP3 capsid protein using escape mutants. Neutralization with 5H7 is mediated by the inhibition of viral attachment, as revealed by virus-binding and post-attachment assays...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415822/interaction-between-granulin-a-and-enolase-1-attenuates-the-migration-and-invasion-of-human-hepatoma-cells
#6
Xiaoliang Chen, Huanli Xu, Ning Wu, Xiujun Liu, Gan Qiao, Shuonan Su, Ye Tian, Ru Yuan, Cong Li, Xiaohui Liu, Xiukun Lin
Granulin A (GRN A), a peptide with a molecular 6 kDa, is derived from proteolysis of progranulin (PGRN). Previous study in our laboratory has shown that GRN A is able to inhibit cancer cell growth significantly. In the present study, we confirmed that GRN A can bind to α-enolase (ENO1) specifically as analyzed using Pull-down/MS approaches. The interaction of GRN A with ENO1 was further confirmed by Western blotting and Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analysis. Treatment of human HepG-2 cells with GRN A inhibited cancer cell growth as well as migration and invasion of cancer cells as analyzed by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazoliumbromide (MTT) and Scratch wound healing assay as well as Transwell experiments...
March 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415797/rab7-gtpase-controls-lipid-metabolic-signaling-in-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells
#7
Xinchun Ding, Wenjing Zhang, Ting Zhao, Cong Yan, Hong Du
Lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) is a critical neutral lipid metabolic enzyme that regulates metabolic reprogramming in myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) through over-activation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). Affymetrix GeneChip microarray analysis of MDSCs from LAL deficient mouse (lal-/-) revealed upregulation of Rab7 GTPase protein, which belongs to a superfamily of small-molecular-weight GTPase known to regulate intracellular membrane trafficking from early to late endosomes and lysosomes. Here, the physical protein-protein interaction between Rab7 GTPase and mTOR has been detected by co-immunoprecipitation in the cell extract of wild type HD1A and lal-/- MDSC-like HD1B myeloid cell lines...
March 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413758/de-novo-modular-development-of-a-foldameric-protein-protein-interaction-inhibitor-for-separate-hot-spots-a-dynamic-covalent-assembly-approach
#8
Éva Bartus, Zsófia Hegedüs, Edit Wéber, Brigitta Csipak, Gerda Szakonyi, Tamás A Martinek
Protein-protein interactions stabilized by multiple separate hot spots are highly challenging targets for synthetic scaffolds. Surface-mimetic foldamers bearing multiple recognition segments are promising candidate inhibitors. In this work, a modular bottom-up approach is implemented by identifying short foldameric recognition segments that interact with the independent hot spots, and connecting them through dynamic covalent library (DCL) optimization. The independent hot spots of a model target (calmodulin) are mapped with hexameric β-peptide helices using a pull-down assay...
April 2017: ChemistryOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405688/regulation-of-glioma-migration-and-invasion-via-modification-of-rap2a-activity-by-the-ubiquitin-ligase-nedd4-1
#9
Lei Wang, Bingxin Zhu, Shiquan Wang, Yuxuan Wu, Wenjian Zhan, Shao Xie, Hengliang Shi, Rutong Yu
Νeuronal precursor cell expressed and developmentally downregulated protein (Nedd4-1) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase with critical roles in the pathogenesis of cancer. Herein, we demonstrated that Nedd4-1 protein was upregulated in glioma tissues vs. that in non-cancerous tissues by western blotting and immunohistochemistry. Scratch migration and Transwell chamber assays indicated that downregulation of Nedd4-1 significantly reduced the migration and invasion of the glioma cell lines U251 and U87. Conversely, overexpression of Nedd4-1 obviously enhanced the migratory and invasive capacities in both cell lines...
May 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399435/inhibition-of-crm1-mediated-nuclear-export-of-influenza-a-nucleoprotein-and-nuclear-export-protein-as-a-novel-target-for-antiviral-drug-development
#10
Nopporn Chutiwitoonchai, Takafumi Mano, Michinori Kakisaka, Hirotaka Sato, Yasumitsu Kondoh, Hiroyuki Osada, Osamu Kotani, Masaru Yokoyama, Hironori Sato, Yoko Aida
An anti-influenza compound, DP2392-E10 based on inhibition of the nuclear export function of the viral nucleoprotein-nuclear export signal 3 (NP-NES3) domain was successfully identified by our previous high-throughput screening system. Here, we demonstrated that DP2392-E10 exerts its antiviral effect by inhibiting replication of a broad range of influenza A subtypes. In regard to the molecular mechanism, we revealed that DP2392-E10 inhibits nuclear export of both viral NP and nuclear export protein (NEP). More specifically, in vitro pull-down assays revealed that DP2392-E10 directly binds cellular CRM1, which mediates nuclear export of NP and NEP...
April 8, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396365/a-novel-galectin-1-inhibitor-discovered-through-one-bead-two-compounds-library-potentiates-the-anti-tumor-effects-of-paclitaxel-in-vivo
#11
Tsung-Chieh Shih, Ruiwu Liu, Gabriel Fung, Gaurav Bhardwaj, Paramita M Ghosh, Kit S Lam
Through the one-bead two-compound (OB2C) ultra-high throughput screening method, we discovered a new small molecule compound LLS2 that can kill a variety of cancer cells. Pull-down assay and LC MS/MS indicated that galectin-1 is the target protein of LLS2. Galectin-1 is known to be involved in the regulation of proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle, and angiogenesis. Binding of LLS2 to galectin-1 decreased membrane-associated H-Ras and K-Ras, and contributed to the suppression of pErk pathway. Importantly, combination of LLS2 with paclitaxel (a very important clinical chemotherapeutic agent) was found to exhibit synergistic activity against several human cancer cell lines (ovarian cancer, pancreatic cancer, and breast cancer cells) in vitro Furthermore, in vivo therapeutic study indicated that combination treatment with paclitaxel and LLS2 significantly inhibits the growth of ovarian cancer xenografts in athymic mice...
April 10, 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393919/association-of-c-type-lectin-mincle-with-fc%C3%AE%C2%B5ri%C3%AE-%C3%AE-subunits-leads-to-functional-activation-of-rbl-2h3-cells-through-syk
#12
Chisato Honjoh, Kazuyasu Chihara, Hatsumi Yoshiki, Shota Yamauchi, Kenji Takeuchi, Yuji Kato, Yukio Hida, Tamotsu Ishizuka, Kiyonao Sada
Macrophage-inducible C-type lectin (Mincle) interacts with the γ-subunit of high-affinity IgE receptor (FcεRIγ) and activates Syk by recognizing its specific ligand, trehalose-6,6'-dimycolate, a glycolipid produced by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It has been suggested that mast cells participate in the immune defense against pathogenic microbes including M. tuberculosis, although the functions are still uncertain. In this study, we examined the Mincle-mediated signaling pathway and cellular responses using RBL-2H3 cells...
April 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392351/tug1-promotes-lens-epithelial-cell-apoptosis-by-regulating-mir-421-caspase-3-axis-in-age-related-cataract
#13
Guoxing Li, Huiyang Song, Weihua Yang, Shanshan Zhang, Kaihui Nan, Peirong Lu
BACKGROUND: Age-related cataract is among the most common chronic disorders of ageing and the apoptosis of lens epithelial cells contributes to non-congenital cataract development. We amid to explore the role of TUG1 and miR-421 in the age-related cataract. METHODS: The expression level of TUG1, miR-421 and caspase-3 were detected by RT-qPCR. The apoptotic-related protein, caspase-3, Bax and blc-2 were analyzed by western blot. We performed ultraviolet (UV) irradiation to induce SAR01/04l cell apoptosis which was analyzed by flow cytometry...
April 6, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389549/identification-of-holotrichia-oblita-midgut-proteins-that-bind-to-cry8-like-toxin-from-bacillus-thuringiensis-and-assembling-of-h-oblita-midgut-tissue-transcriptome
#14
Jian Jiang, Ying Huang, Changlong Shu, Mario Soberón, Alejandra Bravo, Chunqing Liu, Fuping Song, Jinsheng Lai, Jie Zhang
The Bacillus thuringiensis strain HBF-18 (CGMCC2070), containing two cry genes (cry8-like and cry8Ga), is toxic to Holotrichia oblita larvae. Both Cry8-like and Cry8Ga proteins are active against this insect pest, while Cry8-like is the more toxic protein. To analyze the binding characteristics of Cry8-like and Cry8Ga proteins to brush border membrane vesicles (BBMV) in H. oblita larvae, binding assays were conducted with a fluorescent DyLight488-labeled Cry8-like toxin. Results of binding saturation assays demonstrated that Cry8-like binds specifically to binding sites on BBMV from H...
April 7, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388560/galnt6-expression-enhances-aggressive-phenotypes-of-ovarian-cancer-cells-by-regulating-egfr-activity
#15
Tzu-Chi Lin, Syue-Ting Chen, Min-Chuan Huang, John Huang, Chia-Lang Hsu, Hsueh-Fen Juan, Ho-Hsiung Lin, Chi-Hau Chen
Ovarian cancer is the most lethal of the gynecologic malignancies. N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 6 (GALNT6), an enzyme that mediates the initial step of mucin type-O glycosylation, has been reported to regulate mammary carcinogenesis. However, the expression and role of GALNT6 in ovarian cancer are still unclear. Here we showed that high GALNT6 expression correlates with increased recurrence, lymph node metastasis, and chemoresistance in ovarian endometrioid and clear cell carcinomas; and higher GALNT6 levels are significantly associated with poorer patient survivals...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386128/g-protein-coupled-receptor-15-mediates-angiogenesis-and-cytoprotective-function-of-thrombomodulin
#16
Bin Pan, Xiangmin Wang, Chie Nishioka, Goichi Honda, Akihito Yokoyama, Lingyu Zeng, Kailin Xu, Takayuki Ikezoe
Thrombomodulin (TM) stimulates angiogenesis and protects vascular endothelial cells (ECs) via its fifth epidermal growth factor-like region (TME5); however, the cell surface receptor that mediates the pro-survival signaling activated by TM has remained unknown. We applied pull-down assay followed by MALDI-TOF MS and western blot analysis, and identified G-protein coupled receptor 15 (GPR15) as a binding partner of TME5. TME5 rescued growth inhibition and apoptosis caused by calcineurin inhibitor FK506 in vascular ECs isolated from wild type (WT) C57BL/6 mice...
April 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377505/glutamate-52-%C3%AE-at-the-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-subunit-interface-of-e-coli-class-ia-ribonucleotide-reductase-is-essential-for-conformational-gating-of-radical-transfer
#17
Qinghui Lin, Mackenzie J Parker, Alexander T Taguchi, Kanchana Ravichandran, Albert Kim, Gyunghoon Kang, Jimin Shao, Catherine L Drennan, JoAnne Stubbe
Ribonucleotide reductases (RNRs) catalyze the conversion of nucleoside diphosphate substrates (S) to deoxynucleotides with allosteric effectors (e) controlling their relative ratios and amounts, crucial for fidelity of DNA replication and repair. E. coli class Ia RNR is composed of α and β subunits that form a transient, active α2β2 complex. The E. coli RNR is rate-limited by S/e-dependent conformational change(s) that trigger the radical initiation step through a pathway of 35 Å across the subunit (α/β) interface...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374796/identification-of-novel-mage-g1-interacting-partners-in-retinoic-acid-induced-p19-neuronal-differentiation-using-silac-based-proteomics
#18
Yong Liu, Yujian Chen, Shide Lin, Shuguang Yang, Shaojun Liu
MAGE-G1 is a protein plays role in the early process of neurogenesis. However, the fundamental roles MAGE-G1 played in neurogenesis have not yet been completely understood. Finding the partners MAGE-G1 interacting with will surely contribute to the function study of MAGE-G1. In this study, using Stable Isotope Labeling by Amino acids in Cell culture-immunoprecipitation quantitative proteomics, we screened the interacting proteins of MAGE-G1 during retinoic acid -induced neuronal differentiation of P19 cells and firstly found that FSCN1 and VIME were potential novel MAGE-G1-interacting proteins...
April 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369115/maltose-binding-protein-fusion-enhances-the-bioactivity-of-truncated-forms-of-pig-myostatin-propeptide-produced-in-e-coli
#19
Sang Beum Lee, Sung Kwon Park, Yong Soo Kim
Myostatin (MSTN) is a potent negative regulator of skeletal muscle growth. MSTN propeptide (MSTNpro) inhibits MSTN binding to its receptor through complex formation with MSTN, implying that MSTNpro can be a useful agent to improve skeletal muscle growth in meat-producing animals. Four different truncated forms of pig MSTNpro containing N-terminal maltose binding protein (MBP) as a fusion partner were expressed in E. coli, and purified by the combination of affinity chromatography and gel filtration. The MSTN-inhibitory capacities of these proteins were examined in an in vitro gene reporter assay...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356383/vigilin-regulates-the-expression-of-the-stress-induced-ligand-micb-by-interacting-with-its-5-untranslated-region
#20
Orit Berhani, Daphna Nachmani, Rachel Yamin, Dominik Schmiedel, Yotam Bar-On, Ofer Mandelboim
NK cells are part of the innate immune system, and are able to identify and kill hazardous cells. The discrimination between normal and hazardous cells is possible due to an array of inhibitory and activating receptors. NKG2D is one of the prominent activating receptors expressed by all human NK cells. This receptor binds stress-induced ligands, including human MICA, MICB, and UL16-binding proteins 1-6. The interaction between NKG2D and its ligands facilitates the elimination of cells under cellular stress, such as tumor transformation...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
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