keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health and human rights

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668043/folate-deficiency-increases-chromosomal-damage-and-mutations-in-hematopoietic-cells-in-the-transgenic-mutamouse-model
#1
Danielle P LeBlanc, Nathalie A Behan, Jason M O'Brien, Francesco Marchetti, Amanda J MacFarlane
Folate deficiency causes megaloblastic anemia and neural tube defects, and is also associated with some cancers. In vitro, folate deficiency increases mutation frequency and genome instability, as well as exacerbates the mutagenic potential of known environmental mutagens. Conversely, it remains unclear whether or not elevated folic acid (FA) intakes are beneficial or detrimental to the induction of DNA mutations and by proxy human health. We used the MutaMouse transgenic model to examine the in vivo effects of FA deficient, control, and supplemented diets on somatic DNA mutant frequency (MF) and genome instability in hematopoietic cells...
April 18, 2018: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665819/examination-of-the-roles-and-capacities-of-duty-bearers-responsible-for-protecting-the-human-rights-to-adequate-food-nutritional-health-and-wellbeing-in-ugandan-children-s-homes
#2
Monica Olafsen, Archangel Byaruhanga Rukooko, Per Ole Iversen, Bård A Andreassen
BACKGROUND: The majority of Ugandan children face vulnerability and malnutrition. As a State Party to international human rights treaties, Uganda has legal obligations of guaranteeing the fundamental rights and the best interest of the nation's children. Despite being protected under international and national law, Uganda is not providing adequate child protection, including safeguarding children's food security. Numerous privately owned and unregulated children's homes face this problem...
April 17, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665723/a-human-rights-approach-to-advocacy-for-people-with-dementia-a-review-of-current-provision-in-england-and-wales
#3
Jeremy Dixon, Judy Laing, Christine Valentine
In this article, we review current advocacy services for people with dementia in England and Wales (provided, respectively, under the Mental Capacity Act 2005 , the Mental Health Act 1983 /2007 and the Care Act 2014) through the lens of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). We examine what a human rights' approach to advocacy support would entail, and whether current frameworks in England and Wales are adequate for this approach and provide a sufficient safeguard. First, we consider how the human rights of persons with dementia have become increasingly important and the extent to which the CRPD provides an opportunity to bolster safeguards and protection...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664142/the-effect-of-low-dose-ionizing-radiation-on-stem-cell-biology-a-contribution-to-radiation-risk
#4
REVIEW
Tiziana Squillaro, Giovanni Galano, Roberto De Rosa, Gianfranco Peluso, Umberto Galderisi
Exposure to high levels of ionizing radiation (IR) (>0.5Gy), negatively affect health. but, less is known about the effects of low dose IR (LDIR) but recent, evidence suggests that it may have profound effects on cellular functions. We are commonly exposed to LDIR over natural background levels from numerous sources: people may be exposed to low dose IR for medical diagnosis and therapy, air travel, illegal IR waste dumpsites or by occupational exposures in the nuclear and medical sectors. Stem cells reside for long periods of time in our bodies, and this increases the possibility that they may be accumulate genotoxic damage derived from extrinsic LDIR or intrinsic sources (such as DNA replication)...
April 17, 2018: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664138/characterization-of-the-catalytic-subunits-of-the-rna-exosome-like-complex-in-plasmodium-falciparum
#5
Ning Jiang, Shengchao Yu, Na Yang, Ying Feng, Xiaoyu Sang, Yao Wang, Mats Wahlgren, Qijun Chen
The eukaryotic ribonucleic acid (RNA) exosome is a versatile multi-ribonuclease complex that mediates the processing, surveillance and degradation of virtually all classes of RNA in both the nucleus and cytoplasm. The complex, composed of ten to eleven subunits, has been widely described in many organisms. Bioinformatic analyses revealed that there may be also an exosome-like complex in Plasmodium falciparum, a parasite of great importance in public health, with eight predicted subunits having high sequence similarity to their counterparts in yeast and human...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663614/transcriptional-activities-of-two-newly-identified-haemaphysalis-longicornis-tick-derived-promoter-regions-in-the-ixodes-scapularis-tick-cell-line-ise6
#6
Kodai Kusakisako, Akiko Ido, Tatsunori Masatani, Haruki Morokuma, Emmanuel Pacia Hernandez, Melbourne Rio Talactac, Kentaro Yoshii, Tetsuya Tanaka
Ticks are obligate hematophagous ectoparasites considered to be second to mosquitoes as vectors of human diseases and the most important vector for animals. Despite efforts to control tick infestations, they remain a serious health problem. Gene manipulation has been established in mosquitoes and led to the control of mosquito population and mosquito-borne pathogens. Therefore, gene manipulation could be useful for controlling ticks and tick-borne pathogens. To investigate effective gene expression vectors for ticks, the promoter activities of commercial plasmids were evaluated in a tick cell line (ISE6)...
April 17, 2018: Insect Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656526/access-to-knowledge-and-the-global-abortion-policies-database
#7
Joanna N Erdman, Brooke Ronald Johnson
Research shows that women, healthcare providers, and even policy makers worldwide have limited or inaccurate knowledge of the abortion law and policies in their country. These knowledge gaps sometimes stem from the vague and broad terms of the law, which breed uncertainty and even conflict when unaccompanied by accessible regulation or guidelines. Inconsistency across national law and policy further impedes safe and evidence-based practice. This lack of transparency creates a crisis of accountability. Those seeking care cannot know their legal entitlements, service providers cannot practice with legal protection, and governments can escape legal responsibility for the adverse effects of their laws...
April 14, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656508/the-3-rd-world-conference-on-kisspeptin-kisspeptin-2017-brain-and-beyond-unresolved-questions-challenges-and-future-directions-for-the-field
#8
REVIEW
Michael N Lehman, Lique M Coolen, Robert A Steiner, Genevieve Neal-Perry, Luhong Wang, Suzanne M Moenter, Aleisha M Moore, Robert L Goodman, Shel Hwa-Yeo, Stephanie L Padilla, Alexander S Kauffman, James Garcia, Martin J Kelly, Jenny Clarkson, Sally Radovick, Andy V Babwah, Silvia Leon, Manuel Tena-Sempere, Alex Comninos, Stephanie Seminara, Waljit S Dhillo, Jon Levine, Ei Terasawa, Ariel Negron, Allan E Herbison
The 3rd World Conference on Kisspeptin, "Kisspeptin 2017: Brain and Beyond" was held March 30-31 at the Rosen Centre Hotel in Orlando, Florida, providing an international forum for multidisciplinary scientists to meet and share cutting-edge research on kisspeptin biology and its relevance to human health and disease. The meeting built upon previous world conferences focused on the role of kisspeptin and associated peptides in the control of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion and reproduction...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652958/-hpv-vaccine-implementation-in-chile-an-appraisal-from-the-social-determinants-of-health-model
#9
Loreto Fernández González
Cervical cancer is the fourth most common neoplasm in women worldwide and its incidence is associated with profound social inequities. In Chile, it is the second cause of death in women of reproductive age. The Chilean clinical guideline identifies the vaccine against Human Papillomavirus (HPV) as the main preventive measure. Since 2014, the Ministry of Health has implemented free immunization against HPV for girls and female adolescents. This article critically analyzes this public policy from the viewpoint of health equity, using as framework the Social Determinants of Health Model...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650501/social-responsibility-and-global-health-lessons-from-the-rio-olympics-zika-controversy
#10
Fernando Hellmann, Luzilena de Souza Prudêncio Rohde, Marta Verdi, Volnei Garrafa, Camilo Manchola-Castillo
The outbreak of Zika virus infection in the Americas and its possible association with microcephaly raised several concerns among global health authorities regarding the organisation of the Olympic and Paralympic Games scheduled for August and September 2016, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It generated an international controversy over the continuation of the Games with debates on the ethical principle of social responsibility. Based on the principles of social responsibility and health in the Universal Declaration of Bioethics and Human Rights, the present comment ponders on the application of such principles in the context of mega-events and global health...
March 30, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650025/effectiveness-of-health-education-as-an-intervention-designed-to-prevent-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-fgm-c-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Susan Waigwa, Lucy Doos, Caroline Bradbury-Jones, Julie Taylor
BACKGROUND: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) is a harmful practice that violates the human rights of women and girls. Despite global efforts to restrict the practice, there have been few reports on major positive changes to the problem. Health education interventions have been successful in preventing various health conditions and promoting service use. They have also been regarded as promising interventions for preventing FGM/C. The objective of this systematic review is to synthesise findings of studies about effectiveness of health education as an intervention to prevent FGM/C...
April 12, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649068/is-exercise-the-right-medicine-for-dystrophic-muscle
#12
Hannah R Spaulding, Joshua T Selsby
INTRODUCTION: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a neuromuscular disease caused by a dystrophin protein deficiency. Dystrophin functions to stabilize and protect the muscle fiber during muscle contraction, thus the absence of functional dystrophin protein leads to muscle injury. DMD patients experience progressive muscle necrosis, loss of function, and ultimately succumb to respiratory failure or cardiomyopathy. Exercise is known to improve muscle health and strength in healthy individuals as well as positively impact other systems...
April 11, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648647/a-prospective-study-of-physical-activity-and-fecundability-in-women-with-a-history-of-pregnancy-loss
#13
Lindsey M Russo, Brian W Whitcomb, Sunni L Mumford, Marquis Hawkins, Rose G Radin, Karen C Schliep, Robert M Silver, Neil J Perkins, Keewan Kim, Ukpebo R Omosigho, Daniel L Kuhr, Tiffany L Holland, Lindsey A Sjaarda, Enrique F Schisterman
STUDY QUESTION: Is physical activity (PA) associated with fecundability in women with a history of prior pregnancy loss? SUMMARY ANSWER: Higher fecundability was related to walking among overweight/obese women and to vigorous PA in women overall. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: PA may influence fecundability through altered endocrine function. Studies evaluating this association have primarily utilized Internet-based recruitment and self-report for pregnancy assessment and have yielded conflicting results...
April 10, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629050/perceptions-of-teenage-women-about-marriage-in-adolescence-in-an-iranian-setting-a-qualitative-study
#14
Afrouz Mardi, Abbas Ebadi, Zahra Behboodi Moghadam, Shirin Shahbazi
Background and aim: Early marriage threatens the health and human rights of millions of girls all around the world. The aim of this study was to explore the perceptions of Iranian teenage women about marriage in adolescence. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted based on the conventional content analysis approach on 14 teenage married women (aged13-19 years) who attended all urban-rural healthcare centers (4 centers) in Ardabil, Iran between May 2016 and Jan 2017...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628200/public-policy-and-health-informatics
#15
REVIEW
Katherine Bell
OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the history of electronic health policy and identify significant laws that influence health informatics. DATA SOURCES: US Department of Health and Human Services. CONCLUSION: The development of health information technology has influenced the process for delivering health care. Public policy and regulations are an important part of health informatics and establish the structure of electronic health systems...
April 5, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626397/an-analysis-of-the-extent-of-social-inclusion-and-equity-consideration-in-malawi-s-national-hiv-and-aids-policy-review-process
#16
Mathews Junior Chinyama, Malcolm MacLachlan, Joanne McVeigh, Tessy Huss, Sylvester Gawamadzi
BACKGROUND: Equity and social inclusion for vulnerable groups in policy development processes and resulting documents remain a challenge globally. Most often, the marginalization of vulnerable groups is overlooked in both the planning and practice of health service delivery. Such marginalization may occur because authorities deem the targeting of those who already have better access to healthcare a cheaper and easier way to achieve short-term health gains. The Government of Malawi wishes to achieve an equitable and inclusive HIV and AIDS Policy...
July 29, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621880/let-archived-paraffin-blocks-be-utilized-for-research-with-waiver-of-informed-consent
#17
Yong-Jin Kim, Jeong Sik Park, Karam Ko, Chang Rok Jeong
Advances in biomedical and genetic research have contributed to more effective public health improvement via bench to bed research and the emergence of personalized medicine. This has certainly showcased the importance of archived human tissues, especially paraffin-embedded blocks in pathology. Currently in Korea, undue legislative regulations of the Bioethics and Safety Act suspend and at times discourage studies from taking place. In this paper, the authors underline the value of paraffin blocks in the era of personalized and translational medicine...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617481/immigration-global-health-and-human-rights
#18
EDITORIAL
Miriam Ventura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617204/services-stigma-and-discrimination-perceptions-of-african-descendant-men-living-with-hiv-aids-in-brazil-and-in-the-united-states
#19
Aparecida de Fatima Cordeiro Dutra, Wilma Cordova, Freddie Avant
This study aimed to give voice to 13 men of African descent from Salvador, Brazil, and East Texas, United States, living with HIV/AIDS regarding their perceptions on accessibility of services, and the stigma and discrimination they experience. Phenomenological research using in-depth interviews was used as methodology. Five themes emerged from the data analysis: perception of positive health, services and accessibility, not disclosing HIV status is a way to be protected, health professionals untrained in treating people living with HIV/AIDS, being of African descent increases discrimination in both countries, education would decrease stigma and discrimination...
April 4, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614114/innovative-technologies-and-social-inequalities-in-health-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#20
Daniel Weiss, Håvard T Rydland, Emil Øversveen, Magnus Rom Jensen, Solvor Solhaug, Steinar Krokstad
The aim of this study was to systematically review the range, nature, and extent of current research activity exploring the influence of innovative health-related technologies on social inequalities in health, with specific focus on a deeper understanding of the variables used to measure this connection and the pathways leading to the (re)production of inequalities. A review process was conducted, based on scoping review techniques, searching literature published from January 1, 1996 to November 25, 2016 using MEDLINE, Scopus, and ISI web of science...
2018: PloS One
keyword
keyword
20364
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"