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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931989/knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-of-the-italian-population-towards-neisseria-meningitidis-streptococcus%C3%A2-pneumoniae-and-hpv-diseases-and-vaccinations-a%C3%A2-cross-sectional-multicentre-study
#1
C de Waure, G Quaranta, C Ianuale, D Panatto, D Amicizia, L Apprato, P Campanella, M Colotto, C De Meo, F Di Nardo, E M Frisicale, D I La Milia, E Rizzitelli, S Aquilani, M P Briata, V Frumento, L Marensi, A Spadea, V Turello, R Gasparini, W Ricciardi
OBJECTIVES: This study addressed knowledge of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis and human papillomavirus (HPV), and attitudes and behaviours towards vaccines against them. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional, multicentre study. METHODS: Data were collected through a questionnaire administered to 530 adults who accessed four Departments of Prevention of the Italian National Health Service in 2013. RESULTS: Less than 50% of people gave the right answer to all the questions concerning the three diseases, but 96...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931215/why-the-convention-on-the-rights-of-the-child-must-become-a-guiding-framework-for-the-realization-of-the-rights-of-children-affected-by-tuberculosis
#2
Robindra Basu Roy, Nicola Brandt, Nicolette Moodie, Mitra Motlagh, Kumanan Rasanathan, James A Seddon, Anne K Detjen, Beate Kampmann
BACKGROUND: Until recently, paediatric tuberculosis (TB) has been relatively neglected by the broader TB and the maternal and child health communities. Human rights-based approaches to children affected by TB could be powerful; however, awareness and application of such strategies is not widespread. DISCUSSION: We summarize the current challenges faced by children affected by TB, including: consideration of their family context; the limitations of preventive, diagnostic and treatment options; paucity of paediatric-specific research; failure in implementation of interventions; and stigma...
December 8, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927731/advancing-an-ethic-of-embodied-relational-sexuality-to-guide-decision-making-in-dementia-care
#3
Alisa Grigorovich, Pia Kontos
Sexuality and intimacy are universal needs that transcend age, cognitive decline, and disability; sexuality is a fundamental aspect of the human experience. However, supporting sexuality in long-term residential care presents ethical challenges as this setting is both a home environment for residents and a workplace for health practitioners. This is particularly complex in the case of residents with dementia given the need to balance protection from harm and freedom of self-determination. Despite such complexity, this challenge has received limited critical theoretical attention...
December 7, 2016: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927669/getting-it-right-study-protocol-to-determine-the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-a-culturally-specific-measure-to-screen-for-depression-in-aboriginal-and-or-torres-strait-islander-people
#4
Maree L Hackett, Sara Farnbach, Nick Glozier, Timothy Skinner, Armando Teixeira-Pinto, Deborah Askew, Graham Gee, Alan Cass, Alex Brown
INTRODUCTION: A freely available, culturally valid depression screening tool is required for use by primary care services across Australia to screen for depression in Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander populations. This is the protocol for a study aiming to determine the validity, sensitivity and specificity of the culturally adapted 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (aPHQ-9). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Cross-sectional validation study. A total of 500 people who self-identify as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander, are ≥18 years of age, attending 1 of 10 primary healthcare services or service events across Australia and able to communicate sufficiently to answer study questions will be recruited...
December 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918223/prevalence-of-trachoma-in-niger-state-north-central-nigeria-results-of-25-population-based-prevalence-surveys-carried-out-with-the-global-trachoma-mapping-project
#5
Mohammed Dantani Adamu, Caleb Mpyet, Nasiru Muhammad, Murtala Muhammad Umar, Habila Muazu, Francisca Olamiju, Sunday Isiyaku, Uwazoeke Onyebuchi, Usman Abubakar Bosso, Adamani William, Benjamin C Nwobi, Rebecca Willis, Rebecca Mann Flueckiger, Alexandre Pavluck, Brian K Chu, Nicholas Olobio, Anthony W Solomon
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of trachoma in each of the 25 local government areas (LGAs) of Niger State, Nigeria. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional survey was conducted in each Niger State LGA between March and April 2014, as part of the Global Trachoma Mapping Project (GTMP). GTMP protocols were used in planning and conduct of the surveys. Using probability proportional to size, 25 clusters were selected; in each of these clusters, 25 households were enrolled for the survey...
December 5, 2016: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916235/the-rohingya-people-of-myanmar-health-human-rights-and-identity
#6
REVIEW
Syed S Mahmood, Emily Wroe, Arlan Fuller, Jennifer Leaning
The Rohingya people of Myanmar (known as Burma before 1989) were stripped of citizenship in 1982, because they could not meet the requirement of proving their forefathers settled in Burma before 1823, and now account for one in seven of the global population of stateless people. Of the total 1·5 million Rohingya people living in Myanmar and across southeast Asia, only 82 000 have any legal protection obtained through UN-designated refugee status. Since 2012, more than 159 000 people, most of whom are Rohingya, have fled Myanmar in poorly constructed boats for journeys lasting several weeks to neighbouring nations, causing hundreds of deaths...
December 1, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914471/global-constitutionalism-applied-to-global-health-governance-uncovering-legitimacy-deficits-and-suggesting-remedies
#7
Gorik Ooms, Rachel Hammonds
BACKGROUND: Global constitutionalism is a way of looking at the world, at global rules and how they are made, as if there was a global constitution, empowering global institutions to act as a global government, setting rules which bind all states and people. ANALYSIS: This essay employs global constitutionalism to examine how and why global health governance, as currently structured, has struggled to advance the right to health, a fundamental human rights obligation enshrined in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913312/crossborder-travel-and-multidrugresistant-tuberculosis-mdrtb-in-europe
#8
Alberto Matteelli, Rosella Centis, Giorgia Sulis, Marina Tadolini
The number of international migrants worldwide has continued to grow rapidly over the past fifteen years and the trend is expected to continue, making the health matters associated with migration a crucial public health challenges faced by governments and societies. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis is a paradigm of transmissible diseases that do not respect borders and poses a multifaceted and complex challenge on migrant health. The guiding principles for the health response are the respect of equity and human rights as well as the accurate analysis of epidemiological trends and determinants of TB in migrants...
November 29, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909857/privacy-autonomy-and-public-policy-french-and-north-american-perspectives
#9
Jennifer Merchant
This article raises the question of whether in both the United States and in France, an individual's autonomy and private decision-making right(s) in matters of health care and access to reproductive technologies can be conciliated with the general interest, and more specifically, the role of the State. Can a full-fledged right to privacy, the ability to exercise one's autonomy, exist alongside the general interest, and depend neither on financial resources like in the United States nor on centralised government decisions or the medical hierarchy like in France? The contrast between these two modern democracies justify the importance of comparing them...
December 2, 2016: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891729/low-prevalence-of-aichi-virus-in-molluscan-shellfish-samples-from-galicia-nw-spain
#10
Enrique Rivadulla, Miguel F Varela, Jesús L Romalde
AIM: The aim of this study was the detection and quantification of Aichi virus (AiV) in shellfish from three estuaries in Galicia, the main producer of molluscs in Europe. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 249 shellfish samples were analyzed using a reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) procedure. AiV was detected in 15 out of 249 (6.02%) samples. Ría de Ares-Betanzos showed the highest prevalence (11.1%), followed by Ría do Burgo (3.7%) and Ría de Vigo, (2...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891232/prevalence-of-transfusion-transmissible-infections-in-blood-donors-of-pakistan
#11
Aisha Arshad, Munira Borhany, Nida Anwar, Imran Naseer, Rehan Ansari, Samson Boota, Naveena Fatima, Mustansir Zaidi, Tahir Shamsi
BACKGROUND: Transfusion-transmitted infections threaten the safety of patients requiring blood transfusion, which in turn imposes serious challenges for the availability of safe blood products that are still affordable in health care systems with limited resources. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of transfusion-transmitted infections in blood donors and to evaluate the demographic characteristics of reactive and non-reactive blood donors. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted at our institute in Karachi, Pakistan...
2016: BMC Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889941/an-adductomic-approach-to-identify-electrophiles-in-vivo
#12
Henrik Carlsson, Margareta Törnqvist
Humans are exposed to many reactive electrophiles, both formed endogenously and from exogenous exposures. Such compounds could react with cellular biomolecules and form stable reaction products, adducts, at nucleophilic sites in proteins and DNA, constituting a risk for toxic effects. Adductomic approaches aim to study the totality of adducts, to specific biomolecules, by mass spectrometric screening. This MiniReview focuses on the development and application of an adductomic approach for the screening of unknown adducts to N-terminal valine (Val) in hemoglobin (Hb) by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)...
November 27, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889854/do-we-have-a-moral-responsibility-to-compensate-for-vulnerable-groups-a-discussion-on-the-right-to-health-for-lgbt-people
#13
Perihan Elif Ekmekci
Vulnerability is a broad concept widely addressed in recent scholarly literature. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people are among the vulnerable populations with significant disadvantages related to health and the social determinants of health. Medical ethics discourse tackles vulnerability from philosophical and political perspectives. LGBT people experience several disadvantages from both perspectives. This article aims to justify the right to health for LGBT people and their particular claims regarding healthcare because they belong to a vulnerable group...
November 26, 2016: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888381/listening-to-quackery-reading-john-wesley-s-primitive-physic-in-an-age-of-health-care-reform
#14
Daniel Skinner, Adam Schneider
This article uses a reading of John Wesley's Primitive Physic, or An Easy and Natural Method of Curing Most Diseases (1747) to resist the common rejection-often as "quackery"-of Wesley's treatments for common maladies. We engage Wesley not because he was right but because his approach offers useful moments of pause in light of contemporary medical epistemology. Wesley's recommendations were primarily oriented towards the categories of personal responsibility and capability, but he also sought to empower individuals-especially the poor-with the knowledge to safely and affordably treat maladies of their own...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886401/not-all-that-glitters-is-gold-electron-microscopy-study-on-uptake-of-gold-nanoparticles-in-daphnia-magna-and-related-artefacts
#15
Louise Helene Søgaard Jensen, Lars Michael Skjolding, Amalie Thit, Sara Nørgaard Sørensen, Carsten Købler, Kristian Mølhave, Anders Baun
Increasing use of engineered nanoparticles has led to extensive research into their potential hazards to the environment and human health. Cellular uptake from the gut is sparsely investigated and microscopy techniques applied for uptake studies can result in misinterpretations. Various microscopy techniques are used to investigate internalization of 10 nm gold nanoparticles in Daphnia magna gut lumen and gut epithelial cells upon 24h exposure and outline potential artefacts, i.e. high contract precipitates from sample preparation related to these techniques...
November 25, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886375/modulation-of-chloride-currents-in-human-lung-epithelial-cells-exposed-to-exogenous-oxidative-stress
#16
Rita Canella, Marta Martini, Roberta Borriello, Carlotta Cavicchio, Ximena M Muresan, Mascia Benedusi, Franco Cervellati, Giuseppe Valacchi
Air pollution continues to be a major public health concern affecting 9 out of 10 individuals living in urban areas worldwide. Respiratory tract is the organ most exposed to gas pollution and ozone has been shown to be one of the most noxious pollutants to which living organisms are exposed. In the present work, we have investigated the effects of 0.1 ppm of ozone on chloride currents in human lung epithelial cells (A549 line) and whether this effect could be modulated by vitamin E pre-treatment. Whole-cell patch clamp technique was applied to not excitable cells in order to obtain information about chloride currents behavior, important for epithelial lung cells homeostasis...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885482/traveling-through-the-perineum-s-to-the-discovery-of-an-old-world
#17
Michele Rubbini
INTRODUCTION: The migration of large numbers of people and refugees induces various fears in their receiving countries; the arrival of potential terrorists, and, among others, the negative impact that their need for health care can have on the sustainability of health services. In this sense, migrants are considered by many a threat. METHOD: In this brief "letter narrative", based on the experience gained in the treatment of various diseases of the perineum, I mean to suggest that the perineal disorders, especially in women, is common event, shared by women of different ethnicity, culture, and religion...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881574/global-health-human-rights-and-the-challenge-of-neoliberal-policies
#18
Judith Bueno de Mesquita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881091/conducting-a-large-multi-site-survey-about-patients-views-on-broad-consent-challenges-and-solutions
#19
Maureen E Smith, Saskia C Sanderson, Kyle B Brothers, Melanie F Myers, Jennifer McCormick, Sharon Aufox, Martha J Shrubsole, Nanibaá A Garrison, Nathaniel D Mercaldo, Jonathan S Schildcrout, Ellen Wright Clayton, Armand H Matheny Antommaria, Melissa Basford, Murray Brilliant, John J Connolly, Stephanie M Fullerton, Carol R Horowitz, Gail P Jarvik, Dave Kaufman, Terri Kitchner, Rongling Li, Evette J Ludman, Catherine McCarty, Valerie McManus, Sarah Stallings, Janet L Williams, Ingrid A Holm
BACKGROUND: As biobanks play an increasing role in the genomic research that will lead to precision medicine, input from diverse and large populations of patients in a variety of health care settings will be important in order to successfully carry out such studies. One important topic is participants' views towards consent and data sharing, especially since the 2011 Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM), and subsequently the 2015 Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) were issued by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP)...
November 24, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876454/will-the-global-hiv-response-fail-gay-and-bisexual-men-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#20
George Ayala, Glenn-Milo Santos
INTRODUCTION: Gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men are among the small number of groups for whom HIV remains uncontrolled worldwide. Although there have been recent and notable decreases in HIV incidence across several countries, prevalence and incidence is consistently higher or rising among men who have sex with men when compared with other groups. METHODS: In 2014, MSMGF (the Global Forum on MSM & HIV) conducted its third biennial Global Men's Health and Rights Study, an international, multilingual, web-based cross-sectional survey of men who have sex with men recruited through online convenience sampling...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
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