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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453863/aeromonas-hydrophila-from-marketed-mullet-mugil-cephalus-in-egypt-pcr-characterization-of-%C3%AE-lactam-resistance-and-virulence-genes
#1
Hazem Ramadan, Nermin Ibrahim, Mohamed Samir, Amany Abd El-Moaty, Tamer Gad
AIMS: Aeromonas hydrophila (A. hydrophila) has been isolated from various fish species in Egypt and is known to carry virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes, which pose risk for public health. The aim of the present study is to report, for the first time, the infection of mullet (Mugil cephalus) with A. hydrophila and to clarify the potential association between antimicrobial resistance and virulence traits encoded in A. hydrophila. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, the occurrence of A...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451827/sending-the-right-message-wild-game-and-the-west-africa-ebola-outbreak
#2
Kristin Post
The unprecedented scale of the Ebola epidemic in West Africa in 2014-15 caught the world by surprise. Zaire Ebolavirus had not previously been documented in Guinea, Sierra Leone, or Liberia. However, since this strain of filovirus was first identified in 1976, scientists have been studying the disease and its origins. They have identified forest-dwelling animals that carry the virus, and some that die from it, but have yet to isolate how it is transmitted from animals to humans. During the height of the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, some public health messages addressed the link among Ebola, wild animals, and humans...
January 2018: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450895/a-test-of-multi-session-automatic-action-tendency-retraining-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption-among-young-adults-in-the-context-of-a-human-laboratory-paradigm
#3
Robert F Leeman, Christine Nogueira, Reinout W Wiers, Janna Cousijn, Kelly Serafini, Kelly S DeMartini, John A Bargh, Stephanie S O'Malley
BACKGROUND: Young adult heavy drinking is an important public health concern. Current interventions have efficacy but with only modest effects, thus novel interventions are needed. In prior studies, heavy drinkers, including young adults, have demonstrated stronger automatically triggered approach tendencies to alcohol-related stimuli than lighter drinkers. Automatic action tendency retraining has been developed to correct this tendency and consequently reduce alcohol consumption. The current study is the first to test multiple iterations of automatic action tendency retraining, followed by laboratory alcohol self-administration...
February 16, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446470/hev-and-hav-seroprevalence-in-men-that-have-sex-with-men-msm-an-update-from-milan-italy
#4
Letizia Greco, Sara Colonia Uceda Renteria, Davide Guarneri, Anna Orlandi, Antonella Zoccoli, Susanna Benardon, Marco Cusini, Giovanna Lunghi
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a feco-orally transmitted pathogen and one of the most common cause of acute hepatitis worldwide. Recent studies in developed countries suggested that a direct human-to-human contact such as for sexually transmitted diseases may play a significant role in the HEV spread. The aim of this study was to investigate the seroprevalence of HEV and HAV in a group of MSM, including subjects HIV and Treponema infected, in Milan, Italy. The overall anti HEV IgG seroprevalence in MSM was 10.2% (65/636), instead in the control group the detection rate was 5...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440214/-it-has-saved-thousands-of-lives-so-why-change-it-content-analysis-of-objections-to-cervical-screening-programme-changes-in-australia
#5
Helena M Obermair, Rachael H Dodd, Carissa Bonner, Jesse Jansen, Kirsten McCaffery
OBJECTIVES: The incidence and mortality of cervical cancer have halved since introduction of the Australian cervical screening programme in 1991, involving 2-yearly Pap smears from ages 18-69 years. In 2017, the programme changed to 5- yearly primary human papillomavirus (HPV) testing for women aged 25-74 years. This study investigated reasons for opposition to the renewed screening programme within the open-ended comments of an online petition, 'Stop May 1st Changes to Pap Smears-Save Women's Lives', opposing the changes, which received over 70 000 signatures and almost 20 000 comments...
February 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433484/small-scale-migration-along-the-interoceanic-highway-in-madre-de-dios-peru-an-exploration-of-community-perceptions-and-dynamics-due-to-migration
#6
Kelly E Jensen, Nehal N Naik, Christina O'Neal, Gabriela Salmón-Mulanovich, Amy R Riley-Powell, Gwenyth O Lee, Stella M Hartinger, Daniel G Bausch, Valerie A Paz-Soldan
BACKGROUND: Madre de Dios, a southern state in the Peruvian Amazon basin, has experienced rapid development as well as an influx of migrants since the construction of the Interoceanic Highway (IOH) connecting Brazil, Bolivia, and the Peruvian coast. We explored perceptions of migration and development in up to eight communities along the IOH in Madre de Dios following construction of the highway. METHODS: We conducted a multiple methods study involving focus group (FG) discussions and interviews with key informants (KIs) in eight communities in Madre de Dios...
February 12, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428468/the-effect-of-levetiracetam-on-rat-bone-mineral-density-bone-structure-and-biochemical-markers-of-bone-metabolism
#7
Iva Karesova, Julius Simko, Sona Fekete, Eva Zimcikova, Jana Malakova, Helena Zivna, Ladislava Pavlikova, Vladimir Palicka
Some data suggest that exposure to levetiracetam (LEV) might be associated with a risk for bone health in the model of orchidectomized rats. The aim of this study was to investigate if there is any significant risk of LEV for bone health in the model of gonadally intact animals. Wistar rats were divided into a control group and a test group, 8 rats in each group. The control rats received standard laboratory diet (SLD) while rats in the test group were fed SLD enriched with LEV for 12 weeks. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to measure BMD of the whole body, femur and lumbar vertebrae...
February 8, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424457/a-point-of-care-diagnostic-system-to-influenza-viruses-using-chip-based-ultra-fast-pcr
#8
Soon-Hwan Kwon, Sujin Lee, Jeyoun Jang, Yujin Seo, Hee-Young Lim
In order to diagnose the infectious disease from clinical samples, the various protocols such as culturing microorganism, rapid diagnostic test using chromatographic method, ELISA, conventional PCR are developed. Since a novel strain of avian influenza can be cross-infected human as well as birds and livestock due to genetic reassortment, some strains of influenza such as H7N9 and H5N1 have emerged as a severe virus which can be threaten the health of poultry as well as human. Therefore we explored the development of simultaneously and rapid diagnostic tool for seasonal influenza (A/H1N1, A/H3N2, B) and highly pathogenic avian influenza (A/H5N1, A/H7N9)...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424117/acem-president-response-mandatory-misrepresentation
#9
Simon Judkins
With the challenges of modern media, political agendas and the power of special interest and pressure groups, specialist medical colleges increasingly have a significant role to play in health advocacy, and to stand up for human rights.
February 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423218/women-decision-making-capacity-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-in-sub-saharan-africa
#10
Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Kwamena Sekyi Dickson, Abdul-Aziz Seidu
Background: Violence against women is a common form of human rights violation, and intimate partner violence (IPV) appears to be the most significant component of violence. The aim of this study was to examine the association between women decision-making capacity and IPV among Women in Sub-Saharan Africa. The study also looked at how socio-demographic factors also influence IPV among Women in Sub-Saharan Africa. Methods: The study made use of pooled data from most recent Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) conducted from January 1, 2010, and December 3, 2016, in 18 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa...
2018: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414483/police-crackdowns-structural-violence-and-impact-on-the-well-being-of-street-cannabis-users-in-a-nigerian-city
#11
Ediomo-Ubong Nelson
BACKGROUND: There is abundant literature on the impact of law enforcement on cannabis markets, but scant literature on the effects of law enforcement on cannabis users. This study undertook a qualitative exploration of police crackdowns as a form of structural violence and examined their impact on the well-being of street cannabis users in a Nigerian city. METHODS: The study was qualitative and descriptive. It was carried out in Uyo, southern Nigeria. Ninety-seven (97) frequent cannabis users (78 males and 19 females) took part...
January 29, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413068/health-care-professionals-attitudes-towards-mental-illness-observational-study-performed-at-a-public-health-facility-in-northern-italy
#12
Valeria Cremonini, Nicola Pagnucci, Franco Giacometti, Ivan Rubbi
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Defines stigma as the process of social oppression barring persons with mental illness from enjoying social interaction through discrimination, exclusion and denial of human and social rights. Modern stereotypes still portray the mentally ill as guilty, unpredictable and violent. Observational studies report how healthcare professionals, including nurses, are often part of the stigma. Such phenomenon belittles the needs of people seeking mental care...
February 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412873/laboratories-as-the-core-for-health-systems-building
#13
REVIEW
Danny A Milner, E Blair Holladay
If it is accepted that health care access to diagnosis and treatment is a universal human right, the principal challenge is how to deliver that health care to all people. Health systems that function are the most effective way to deliver such care; these health systems should cover all of the diseases facing a population. The central role of laboratories in making medical decisions is crucial. If organizations engaged in health systems building tackle a disease category, such a cancer, multiple modalities within and outside of the laboratory have to be improved or installed to make an effective system...
March 2018: Clinics in Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412274/-the-san-juan-de-dios-hospital-and-its-workers-the-social-life-of-a-hospital-and-the-health-crisis-in-colombia
#14
Andrés Góngora
This article describes some significant events of the fifteen years of struggle (1999-2014) of a group of women for the reactivation of the San Juan de Dios Hospital and to stay on as workers after the neoliberal reforms in Colombia. The ethnography presented proposes tools for the understanding of the moral dimensions forged from a conflict for the recognition of rights and shows that the hospital, more than being an architectural complex, is a language activated by the workers to affirm their humanity, a vehicle for the symbolic elaboration of a cause and a means to understand the construction of collectives based on emotional terminology...
October 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410951/a-review-of-the-integrated-model-of-care-an-opportunity-to-respond-to-extensive-palliative-care-needs-in-pediatric-intensive-care-units-in-under-resourced-settings
#15
REVIEW
Michelle Grunauer, Caley Mikesell
It is estimated that 6.3 million children who die annually need pediatric palliative care (PPC) and that only about 10% of them receive the attention they need because about 98% of them live in under-resourced settings where PPC is not accessible. The consultative model and the integrated model of care (IMOC) are the most common strategies used to make PPC available to critically ill children. In the consultative model, the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) team, the patient, or their family must request a palliative care (PC) consultation with the external PC team for a PICU patient to be evaluated for special care needs...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409519/effectiveness-of-respectful-care-policies-for-women-using-routine-intrapartum-services-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Soo Downe, Theresa A Lawrie, Kenny Finlayson, Olufemi T Oladapo
BACKGROUND: Several studies have identified how mistreatment during labour and childbirth can act as a barrier to the use of health facilities. Despite general agreement that respectful maternity care (RMC) is a fundamental human right, and an important component of quality intrapartum care that every pregnant woman should receive, the effectiveness of proposed policies remains uncertain. We performed a systematic review to assess the effectiveness of introducing RMC policies into health facilities providing intrapartum services...
February 6, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400993/migrant-workers-and-their-occupational-health-and-safety
#17
Sally C Moyce, Marc Schenker
In 2015, approximately 244 million people were transnational migrants, approximately half of whom were workers, often engaged in jobs that are hazardous to their health. They work for less pay, for longer hours, and in worse conditions than do nonmigrants and are often subject to human rights violations, abuse, human trafficking, and violence. Worldwide, immigrant workers have higher rates of adverse occupational exposures and working conditions, which lead to poor health outcomes, workplace injuries, and occupational fatalities...
January 24, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400571/the-human-right-to-communicate-a-survey-of-available-services-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Manal A Khoja, Hadeel Sheeshah
Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states: "Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression." However, people with communication disabilities may be more likely to lose the right to express their opinions as a consequence of their atypical communication methods; hence they may be denied a basic human right. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the availability of speech-language pathology services in Saudi Arabia's public-health sector. The data were collected using a telephone survey...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399900/organizational-silence-among-nurses-and-physicians-in-public-hospitals
#19
Arzu Seren Kader Harmanci, İbrahim Topçu, Feride Eşkin Bacaksiz, Nihal Ünaldi, Emine Tokgöz Ekicİ, Aytolan Yildirim
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper was to define the underlying reasons that lead physicians and nurses who provide patient care and treatment, to maintain silence in their work and how they perceive the consequences of such silence in public hospitals. BACKGROUND: The concept of organizational silence is described as employees' avoidance of stating his/her opinions, thoughts and suggestions, which would improve the organization and enable it to provide better processes or services...
February 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394893/influence-of-indoor-work-environments-on-health-safety-and-human-rights-among-migrant-sex-workers-at-the-guatemala-mexico-border-a-call-for-occupational-health-and-safety-interventions
#20
Shira M Goldenberg, Teresita Rocha Jiménez, Kimberly C Brouwer, Sonia Morales Miranda, Jay G Silverman
BACKGROUND: Migrant women are over-represented in the sex industry, and migrant sex workers experience disproportionate health inequities, including those related to health access, HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and violence. Despite calls for occupational sex work interventions situated in labour rights frameworks, there remains a paucity of evidence pertaining to migrant sex workers' needs and realities, particularly within Mexico and Central America. This study investigated migrant sex workers' narratives regarding the ways in which structural features of work environments shape vulnerability and agency related to HIV/STI prevention and violence at the Guatemala-Mexico border...
February 2, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
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