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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212462/climate-change-contaminant-interactions-in-marine-food-webs-towards-a-conceptual-framework
#1
Juan José Alava, William W L Cheung, Peter S Ross, Rashid U Sumaila
Climate change is reshaping the way in which contaminants move through the global environment, in large part by changing the chemistry of the oceans and affecting the physiology, health and feeding ecology of marine biota. Climate change-associated impacts on structure and function of marine food webs, with consequent changes in contaminant transport, fate and effects, is likely to have significant repercussions to those human populations that rely on fisheries resources for food, recreation or culture. Published studies on climate change-contaminant interactions with a focus on food web bioaccumulation were systematically reviewed to explore how climate change and ocean acidification may impact contaminant levels in marine food webs...
February 17, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210511/unusual-presentation-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-ocular-leishmaniasis
#2
Masoud Doroodgar, Moein Doroodgar, Abbas Doroodgar
The leishmaniases are parasitic diseases that are transmitted to humans by infected female sandflies. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is one of 3 main forms of the disease. CL is the most common form of the disease and is endemic in many urban and rural parts of Iran and usually caused by two species of Leishmania: L. major and L. tropica. We report a case of unusual leishmaniasis with 25 lesions on exposed parts of the body and right eyelid involvement (ocular leishmaniasis). The patient was a 75-year-old male farmer referred to health care center in Aran va Bidgol city...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207941/mfg-e8-inhibits-periodontitis-in-non-human-primates-and-its-gingival-crevicular-fluid-levels-can-differentiate-periodontal-health-from-disease-in-humans
#3
Tetsuhiro Kajikawa, Fatimah Meshikhes, Tomoki Maekawa, Evlambia Hajishengallis, Kavita B Hosur, Toshiharu Abe, Kevin Moss, Triantafyllos Chavakis, George Hajishengallis
AIM: We have previously shown that the secreted glycoprotein MFG-E8 has anti-inflammatory and anti-osteoclastogenic properties. Our objective was to investigate the potential of MFG-E8 as a diagnostic or therapeutic agent in periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Periodontitis was induced in non-human primates (NHPs) by placing ligatures around posterior teeth on both halves of the mandible for a split-mouth design: one side was treated with MFG-E8-Fc and the other with Fc control...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207337/engaging-human-rights-in-the-response-to-the-evolving-zika-virus-epidemic
#4
Jennifer J K Rasanathan, Sarah MacCarthy, Debora Diniz, Els Torreele, Sofia Gruskin
In late 2015, an increase in the number of infants born with microcephaly in poor communities in northeast Brazil prompted investigation of antenatal Zika infection as the cause. Zika now circulates in 69 countries, and has affected pregnancies of women in 29 countries. Public health officials, policymakers, and international organizations are considering interventions to address health consequences of the Zika epidemic. To date, public health responses have focused on mosquito vector eradication, sexual and reproductive health services, knowledge and technology including diagnostic test and vaccine development, and health system preparedness...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199764/clinical-markers-of-asthma-and-ige-assessed-in-parents-before-conception-predicts-asthma-and-hay-fever-in-the-offspring
#5
Randi J Bertelsen, Marta Rava, Anne Elie Carsin, Simone Accordini, Bryndis Benediktsdóttir, Julia Dratva, Karl A Franklin, Joachim Heinrich, Mathias Holm, Christer Janson, Ane Johannessen, Deborah L Jarvis, Rain Jogi, Benedicte Leynaert, Dan Norback, Ernst Reidar Omenaas, Chantal Raherison, José Luis Sánchez-Ramos, Vivi Schlünssen, Torben Sigsgaard, Shyamali C Dharmage, Cecilie Svanes
BACKGROUND: Mice models suggest epigenetic inheritance induced by parental allergic disease activity. However, we know little of how parental disease activity before conception influences offspring's asthma and allergy in humans. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the associations of parental asthma severity, bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR), and total and specific IgEs, measured before conception vs after birth, with offspring asthma and hay fever. METHODS: The study included 4293 participants (mean age 34, 47% men) from the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) with information on asthma symptom severity, BHR, total and specific IgEs from 1991-1993, and data on 9100 offspring born 1972-2012...
February 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198955/-un-receptiveness-in-interactions-with-professionals-experiences-of-parents-of-children-with-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#6
Beatriz Castanheira Facio, Bruna de Souza Lima Marski, Ieda Harumi Higarashi, Maira Deguer Misko, Aline Oliveira Silveira, Monika Wernet
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the influence of health professionals' receptiveness on parental care of children with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHOD: A qualitative study developed under the theoretical framework of Symbolic Interactionism and using a narrative research methodology. Six women and three men, being parents of children with retinopathy of prematurity were individually interviewed in depth. RESULTS: From the scope of information, emotions and their rights, the parents experienced receptiveness from some professionals and unreceptiveness from others...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198548/phylogenetic-characterization-of-circulating-dengue-and-alkhumra-hemorrhagic-fever-viruses-in-western-saudi-arabia-and-lack-of-evidence-of-zika-virus-in-the-region-a-retrospective-study-2010-2015
#7
Moneerah S Al-Saeed, Sherif A El-Kafrawy, Suha A Farraj, Tagreed L Al-Subhi, Norah A Othman, Arwa Alsultan, Huda G Ben Helaby, Mustafa M Alshawdari, Ahmed M Hassan, Remi N Charrel, Esam I Azhar, Anwar M Hashem
Flaviviruses represent a global public health concern. They consist of ∼70 viruses with almost half of them causing human diseases with unspecified febrile illnesses. Cities in western Saudi Arabia are endemic for viruses (DENV) with sporadic infections due to Alkhumra hemorrhagic fever virus (AHFV). They also represent a major destination for travelers coming for annual religious pilgrimages (Hajj and Umrah) from all over the world. However, whether other flaviviruses are circulating is not known because of the limited number of surveillance studies...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196995/injection-drug-use-among-children-and-adolescents-in-india-ringing-the-alarm-bells
#8
Anju Dhawan, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Anita Chopra, Vinod Kumar Tikoo, Rajesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Injection drug use (IDU) is intricately linked to preventive aspects for human immunodeficiency virus from a public health perspective. No large-scale data are yet available for injectable drug use among children and adolescents in India, apart from few anecdotal reports. AIMS AND METHODS: The present paper reports on the profile and substance use pattern of 509 child IDU users, among a total sample of over 4000 children using substances across 100 sites from 27 states and 2 UTs in India...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196454/quality-of-life-and-ethics
#9
Laís Fumincelli, Alessandra Mazzo, José Carlos Amado Martins, Isabel Amélia Costa Mendes
BACKGROUND: In health, ethics is an essential aspect of practice and care and guarantees a better quality of life for patients and their caregivers. OBJECTIVE: To outline a conceptual analysis of quality of life and ethics, identifying attributes, contexts and magnitudes for health. METHOD: A qualitative design about quality of life and ethics in health, considering the evolutionary approach in order to analyse the concept. To collect the data, a search was done using the keywords ethic*, quality of life and health...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196293/developing-a-better-and-practical-definition-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#10
Sascha Meyer, Axel R Franz, Johannes Bay, Ludwig Gortner
The synopsis by Hines et al reports various definitions of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) (1). We agree there is a need to harmonise the definition of BPD and our definition (2) was adapted from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development network definition by Jobe and Bancalari (3) It incorporates important aspects that have evolved over time, such as the use of high-flow nasal cannulas, and takes into account differences between clinical centres, including different target oxygen saturations...
February 14, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195384/air-pollution-alters-staphylococcus-aureus-and-streptococcus-pneumoniae-biofilms-antibiotic-tolerance-and-colonisation
#11
S J K Hussey, J Purves, N Allcock, V E Fernandes, P S Monks, J M Ketley, P W Andrew, J A Morrissey
Air pollution is the world's largest single environmental health risk (WHO). Particulate matter such as black carbon is one of the main components of air pollution. The effects of particulate matter on human health are well established however the effects on bacteria, organisms central to ecosystems in humans and in the natural environment, are poorly understood. We report here for the first time that black carbon drastically changes the development of bacterial biofilms, key aspects of bacterial colonisation and survival...
February 14, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195317/human-papillomavirus-self-sampling-for-screening-non-attenders-opt-in-pilot-implementation-with-electronic-communication-platforms
#12
Janni Uyen Hoa Lam, Matejka Rebolj, Ditte Møller Ejegod, Helle Pedersen, Carsten Rygaard, Elsebeth Lynge, Louise Thirstrup Thomsen, Susanne Krüger Kjaer, Jesper Bonde
In organized cervical screening programs, typically 25% of the invited women do not attend. The Copenhagen Self-sampling Initiative (CSi) aimed to gain experiences on participation among screening non-attenders in the Capital Region of Denmark. Here, we report on the effectiveness of different communication platforms used in the pilot with suggestions for strategies prior to a full-implementation. Moreover, an innovative approach using self-sampling brushes with unique radio frequency identification chips allowed for unprecedented levels patient identification safety...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192712/personal-and-political-histories-in-the-designing-of-health-reform-policy-in-bolivia
#13
Alissa Bernstein
While health policies are a major focus in disciplines such as public health and public policy, there is a dearth of work on the histories, social contexts, and personalities behind the development of these policies. This article takes an anthropological approach to the study of a health policy's origins, based on ethnographic research conducted in Bolivia between 2010 and 2012. Bolivia began a process of health care reform in 2006, following the election of Evo Morales Ayma, the country's first indigenous president, and leader of the Movement Toward Socialism (Movimiento al Socialism)...
January 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188627/dose-dependency-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-implications-for-neuroplasticity-induction-in-health-and-disease
#14
Mitchell R Goldsworthy, Brenton Hordacre
There has been a rapid growth in the use of non-invasive brain stimulation to induce neuroplasticity and modulate human brain function over the past decade. An example of this is transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), which involves the application of weak electrical currents between at least two electrodes placed over the scalp. When applied to the primary motor cortex (M1), tDCS can induce lasting polarity-dependent changes in excitability, with facilitation following anodal stimulation and suppression following cathodal...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188013/-detection-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-primary-care-and-related-factors
#15
Gloria M Rodríguez-Blanes, Carmen Vives-Cases, Juan José Miralles-Bueno, Miguel San Sebastián, Isabel Goicolea
OBJECTIVE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is a significant public health and human rights problem. Primary care professionals play a key role in detecting and addressing this issue. The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of IPV and its associated factors in primary care by means of a screening questionnaire and to describe the main actions taken in identified cases. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in 15 health centres in four autonomous regions of Spain with a total of 265 health professionals...
February 7, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181268/developing-an-instrument-to-measure-emotional-behaviour-abilities-of-meaningful-learning-through-the-delphi-technique
#16
Lucia Cadorin, Annamaria Bagnasco, Angela Tolotti, Nicola Pagnucci, Loredana Sasso
AIM: To identify items for a new instrument that measures emotional behaviour abilities of Meaningful Learning, according to Fink's Taxonomy. BACKGROUND: Meaningful Learning is an active process that promotes a wider and deeper understanding of concepts. It is the result of an interaction between new and prior knowledge and produces a long-term change of knowledge and skills. To measure Meaningful Learning capability, it is very important in the education of health professionals to identify problems or special learning needs...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180984/beyond-a-moral-obligation-a-legal-framework-for-emergency-and-essential-surgical-care-and-anesthesia
#17
Kashmira S Chawla, Lainie Rutkow, Kent Garber, Adam L Kushner, Barclay T Stewart
BACKGROUND: Access to quality and timely emergency and essential surgical care and anesthesia (EESCA) is an integral component of the right to health as reinforced by the ratification of the World Health Assembly Resolution 68.15. However, this resolution is merely a guideline and has not been able to bolster the necessary political will to promote EESCA. Our objective was to evaluate international treaties, which carry legal obligations, for EESCA-related text, and develop a human rights-based framework to support EESCA advancement and advocacy...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177467/health-professionals-must-uphold-truth-and-human-rights
#18
Martin McKee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177127/emerging-roles-of-er-stress-and-unfolded-protein-response-pathways-in-skeletal-muscle-health-and-disease
#19
REVIEW
Kyle R Bohnert, Joseph D McMillan, Ashok Kumar
Skeletal muscle is the most abundant tissue in the human body and can adapt its mass as a consequence of physical activity, metabolism, growth factors, and disease conditions. Skeletal muscle contains an extensive network of endoplasmic reticulum (ER), called sarcoplasmic reticulum, which plays an important role in the regulation of proteostasis and calcium homeostasis. In many cell types, environmental and genetic factors that disrupt ER function cause an accumulation of misfolded and unfolded proteins in the ER lumen that ultimately leads to ER stress...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174594/preventing-involuntary-admissions-special-needs-for-distinct-patient-groups
#20
Knut Hoffmann, I S Haussleiter, F Illes, J Jendreyschak, A Diehl, B Emons, C Armgart, A Schramm, G Juckel
BACKGROUND: Coercive measures in psychiatry are a controversial topic and raise ethical, legal and clinical issues. Involuntary admission of patients is a long-lasting problem and indicates a problematic pathway to care situations within the community, largely because personal freedom is fundamentally covered by the UN declaration of human rights and the German constitution. METHODS: In this study, a survey on a large and comprehensive population of psychiatric in-patients in the eastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, was carried out for the years 2004-2009, including 230...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
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