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Refractory ascites

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423672/%C3%AE-2-3-sialyltransferase-type-i-regulates-migration-and-peritoneal-dissemination-of-ovarian-cancer-cells
#1
Kuo-Chang Wen, Pi-Lin Sung, Shie-Liang Hsieh, Yu-Ting Chou, Oscar Kuang-Sheng Lee, Cheng-Wen Wu, Peng-Hui Wang
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) has the highest mortality rate among gynecologic cancers due to advanced stage presentation, peritoneal dissemination, and refractory ascites at diagnosis. We investigated the role of α2,3-sialyltransferase type I (ST3GalI) by analyzing human ovarian cancer datasets and human EOC tissue arrays. We found that high expression of ST3GalI was associated with advanced stage EOC. Transwell migration and cell invasion assays showed that high ST3GalI expression enhanced migration of EOC cells...
March 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403563/the-impact-of-infections-on-delisting-patients-from-the-liver-transplantation-waiting-list
#2
Louise J M Alferink, Rosalie C Oey, Bettina E Hansen, Wojciech G Polak, Henk R van Buuren, Robert A de Man, Carolina A M Schurink, Herold J Metselaar
BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of the patients listed for liver transplantation die before transplantation can be accomplished. Understanding risk factors for waiting list mortality may help to improve survival and organ allocation. Infections are very common in patients with cirrhosis and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. This study analysed the frequency and characteristics of infections in patients awaiting liver transplantation, identified risk factors for withdrawal from the waiting list and evaluated the impact of infections on the clinical outcome...
April 12, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382389/ct-guided-intranodal-lymphangiography-for-postoperative-chylous-ascites
#3
Masanori Hirata, Atsuo Shimizu, Shoko Abe, Azusa Ichinose, Akira Sugiyama, Yusuke Tanino, Suguru Watanabe, Ryota Nakano, Yoshihiko Kato, Toshiyuki Miyahara, Yasuhiro Sumi, Hiroshi Nakano
The utility and minimal invasiveness of ultrasound-guided intranodal lymphangiography have already been reported by several researchers. Although ultrasound-guided intranodal lymphangiography is known to be not technically difficult in general, a patient's edematous groin due to hypoalbuminemia resulting from chylous ascites made it too challenging to detect and prick the lymph nodes precisely. This report describes a 71-year-old female with refractory chylous ascites due to an operation for an extrahepatic bile duct cancer, who was successfully treated by computed tomography (CT)-guided intranodal lymphangiography...
April 5, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381756/a-rare-case-of-biphasic-malignant-peritoneal-mesothelioma-with-refractory-ascites
#4
Tomo Komaki, Hidenori Urata, Ken Mori, Akinori Iwashita, Keisuke Ikeda, Seiji Haraoka
An 81-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with abdominal distension due to refractory ascites of unknown origin. He subsequently died of aspiration pneumonia. Autopsy revealed a diagnosis of biphasic malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) containing both epithelioid and sarcomatous components. The diagnosis of MPM is often difficult because serum tumor markers, imaging studies, and the cytology of ascites may not provide enough information. Accordingly, peritoneal biopsy is necessary in order to diagnose MPM based on the histological and immunohistochemical findings...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375198/lupus-protein-losing-enteropathy-patient-with-protein-c-and-protein-s-deficiency-induced-thrombosis-a-case-report-with-review-of-the-literature
#5
Ratchaya Lertnawapan, Dussadee Sakonlaya
A case report of SLE with PLE in an Asian female; presented with edema, pleural effusion, ascites and profound hypoalbuminemia. She also had severe protein C and protein S depletion from GI loss which caused extensive thrombosis. Her disease was refractory to the treatment with high dose steroid, azathioprine, mycophenolate mofetil and cyclophosphamide. Bowel resection was performed without improvement. Fortunately, the patient responded to another course of pulse methyl prednisolone and a second line medication after surgery...
March 27, 2017: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367597/salvage-therapy-with-lenalidomide-containing-regimen-for-relapsed-refractory-castleman-disease-a-report-of-three-cases
#6
Xinping Zhou, Juying Wei, Yinjun Lou, Gaixiang Xu, Min Yang, Hui Liu, Liping Mao, Hongyan Tong, Jie Jin
Castleman disease (CD) is uncommon non-clonal lymphoproliferative disorder with unknown etiology. No standard therapy is recommended for relapsed/refractory CD patients, thus requiring development of novel experimental approaches. Our cohort of three adult patients with multicentric CD (MCD) were treated with refractory to traditional chemotherapy lenalidomide-containing regimens (10-25 mg lenalidomide perorally administered on days 1-21 in 28-day cycle) as second- to fourth-line treatment. Partial remission was achieved in first plasma-cell CD patient, who relapsed seven months after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and then failed to respond to four cycles of chemotherapy...
April 3, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365696/non-malignant-cerebrospinal-fluid-ascites-in-a-patient-with-atypical-teratoid-rhabdoid-tumor
#7
Santhosh A Upadhyaya, Paul Klimo, Giles W Robinson
BACKGROUND: The development of symptomatic ascites from a ventriculoperitoneal shunt is rare in children without prior intra-abdominal pathology. Here we report a case of symptomatic ascites in a young child with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt and metastatic atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor. CASE REPORT: This 15-month-old boy developed symptomatic ascites while undergoing chemotherapy for his malignant brain tumor. Diagnostic work up to identify the etiology of this ascites yielded a non-malignant, sterile transudate, refractory to repeated paracentesis...
2017: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350743/home-based-drainage-of-refractory-ascites-by-a-permanent-tunneled-peritoneal-catheter-can-safely-replace-large-volume-paracentesis
#8
Philipp Solbach, Christoph Höner Zu Siederdissen, Richard Taubert, Szilvia Ziegert, Kerstin Port, Andrea Schneider, Katja Hueper, Michael P Manns, Heiner Wedemeyer, Elmar Jaeckel
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Refractory ascites has a poor prognosis. Recurrent large-volume paracentesis is the current standard of care; however, it results in circulatory dysfunction and renal dysfunction, and hospitalization is commonly required. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt placement is not an option in a substantial number of patients because of contraindications. The placement of a tunneled peritoneal drainage catheter has been shown to be effective in patients with malignant ascites...
May 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318147/effects-of-alfapump%C3%A2-system-on-kidney-and-circulatory-function-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-and-refractory-ascites
#9
Elsa Solà, Santiago Sanchez-Cabús, Ezequiel Rodriguez, Chiara Elia, Raquel Cela, Rebeca Moreira, Elisa Pose, Jordi Sánchez-Delgado, Nuria Cañete, Manuel Morales-Ruiz, Francisco Campos, Jaume Balust, Mónica Guevara, Juan Carlos García-Valdecasas, Pere Ginès
The alfapump system has been proposed as a new treatment for the management of refractory ascites. The system removes ascites from the peritoneal cavity to urinary bladder, producing a continuous low-volume paracentesis. The aim of the study is to investigate the effects of treatment with the alfapump™ system on kidney and circulatory function in patients with cirrhosis and refractory ascites. This was a prospective study including 10 patients with cirrhosis and refractory ascites. Primary outcomes were changes in glomerular filtration rate (GFR), as assessed by isotopic techniques, and changes in circulatory function assessed by arterial pressure, cardiac output, and activity of vasoconstrictor systems...
May 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316327/obstructive-primary-cardiac-t-cell-lymphoma-a-case-report-from-senegal
#10
Simon Antoine Sarr, Abdou Majib Gaye, Fatou Aw, Jean de Dieu Nzambaza, Malick Bodian, Kana Babaka, Mouhamadou Bamba Ndiaye, Adama Kane, Maboury Diao, Serigne Abdou Ba
BACKGROUND Cardiac lymphoma is a rare entity, defined by the non-extra cardiac location at diagnosis. CASE REPORT Our patient was a 32-year-old female with no particular medical history, who presented with right heart failure with recurrent ascites and pleural effusion. There was a progressive worsening exertional dyspnea. On admission, examination revealed an irregular tachycardia at 170 beats per minute (bpm) and congestive heart failure. The electrocardiogram scored full tachyarrhythmia by atrial fibrillation with an average ventricular rate of 179 cycles per minute...
March 20, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314307/post-hepatectomy-refractory-ascites-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-risk-factor-analysis-to-overcome-this-problematic-complication
#11
Shinji Itoh, Hideaki Uchiyama, Yasuharu Ikeda, Kazutoyo Morita, Noboru Harada, Keishi Sugimachi, Hirofumi Kawanaka, Daisuke Korenaga, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Kenji Takenaka, Yoshihiko Maehara
BACKGROUND: Refractory ascites is a serious post-hepatectomy complication in cirrhotic patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In order to avoid this complication, surgeons should preserve as much liver parenchyma as possible in performing hepatectomy in such patients. However, we still occasionally encounter refractory ascites even after limited or small hepatectomy. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for post-hepatectomy refractory ascites in cirrhotic patients, focusing on limited or small hepatectomy...
March 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296047/non-selective-beta-blockers-are-not-associated-with-increased-mortality-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-ascites
#12
Simona Onali, Maria Kalafateli, Avik Majumdar, Rachel Westbrook, James O'Beirne, Gioacchino Leandro, David Patch, Emmanuel A Tsochatzis
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Controversy exists on the impact of non-selective beta-blockers (NSBBs) on survival in patients with ascites. We assessed whether NSBB treatment affects survival in a cohort of 316 consecutive patients with ascites undergoing evaluation for liver transplantation. METHODS: Consecutive patients with cirrhosis and ascites assessed for liver transplantation between 2011 and 2014 were retrospectively evaluated. Competing risk Cox regression analysis in the whole population and in propensity score matched patients were performed to identify predictors of survival...
March 11, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261693/risk-factors-of-postoperative-ascites-on-hepatic-resection-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#13
Seong Woon Choi, Woo Young Shin, Keon Young Lee, Seung Ik Ahn
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors of the development of large amounts of ascites (LA) after hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: The medical records of 137 consecutive patients who underwent hepatic resection for HCC from January 2010 to December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups: LA group, with ascites drainage >500 cc per day over 3 days (n=37) and control group (n=100)...
November 2016: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228886/transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-for-chylous-ascites-in-a-patient-with-recurrent-cirrhosis-following-liver-transplantation
#14
Jason T Salsamendi, Francisco J Gortes, Prasoon P Mohan, Ji Fan, Govindarajan Narayanan
Chylous ascites (CA) is the extravasation of lipid-rich lymphatic fluid into the peritoneal space following trauma or obstruction of the lymphatic system. Refractory cases of cirrhosis-related CA may be amendable to transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunting (TIPS). We present a case of TIPS in the setting of refractory CA secondary to cirrhosis of a transplanted liver graft. Following TIPS, the patient reported immediate improvement in abdominal pain and no longer requires paracentesis. Our case suggests TIPS to be a safe and effective treatment option for CA in liver transplant patients with cirrhosis...
March 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203285/automated-low-flow-ascites-pump-for-the-treatment-of-cirrhotic-patients-with-refractory-ascites
#15
REVIEW
Guido Stirnimann, Vanessa Banz, Federico Storni, Andrea De Gottardi
Cirrhotic patients with refractory ascites (RA) can be treated with repeated large volume paracentesis (LVP), with the insertion of a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) or with liver transplantation. However, side effects and complications of these therapeutic options, as well as organ shortage, warrant the development of novel treatments. The automated low-flow ascites pump (alfapump(®)) is a subcutaneously-implanted novel battery-driven device that pumps ascitic fluid from the peritoneal cavity into the urinary bladder...
February 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121521/transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunts-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-with-refractory-ascites-comparison-of-clinical-outcomes-by-using-8-and-10-mm-ptfe-covered-stents
#16
Roberto Miraglia, Luigi Maruzzelli, Fabio Tuzzolino, Ioannis Petridis, Mario D'Amico, Angelo Luca
Purpose To compare the efficacy and complications of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation performed by using a 10-mm or an 8-mm-diameter polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-covered stent in a consecutive series of patients with cirrhosis with refractory ascites (RA). Materials and Methods The institutional review board approved this retrospective study and informed consent was waived. One hundred seventy-one patients with RA (mean age, 58.7 years ± 10.3; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 57...
January 25, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118177/home-based-drainage-of-refractory-ascites-by-a-permanent-tunneled-peritoneal-catheter-can-safely-replace-large-volume-paracentesis
#17
Philipp Solbach, Christoph Höner Zu Siederdissen, Richard Taubert, Szilvia Ziegert, Kerstin Port, Andrea Schneider, Katja Hueper, Michael P Manns, Heiner Wedemeyer, Elmar Jaeckel
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Refractory ascites has a poor prognosis. Recurrent large-volume paracentesis is the current standard of care; however, it results in circulatory dysfunction and renal dysfunction, and hospitalization is commonly required. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt placement is not an option in a substantial number of patients because of contraindications. The placement of a tunneled peritoneal drainage catheter has been shown to be effective in patients with malignant ascites...
January 21, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102814/successful-induction-of-peritoneal-dialysis-in%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-patient-with-massive-hydrothorax-due-to%C3%A2-pleuroperitoneal-communication%C3%A2
#18
Takahiro Uchida, Yuji Yamada, Toshihiko Imakiire, Naoki Oshima, Hiroo Kumagai
A 74-year-old woman with liver cirrhosis and chronic kidney disease (CKD) who had complained of chronic abdominal distension due to prominent ascites presented with sudden dyspnea. Chest radiography showed massive right pleural effusion that shifted the mediastinum. Peritoneal scintigraphy using <sup>99</sup>mTc-macroaggregated albumin revealed pleuroperitoneal communication (PPC). As her hydrothorax was refractory and frequent thoracentesis did not improve her respiratory distress, thoracoscopic surgery was performed for repair of the diaphragm defect...
April 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079252/outcomes-of-surgical-shunts-and-transjugular-intrahepatic-portasystemic-stent-shunts-for-complicated-portal-hypertension
#19
I Hosokawa, R Adam, M-A Allard, G Pittau, E Vibert, D Cherqui, A Sa Cunha, H Bismuth, M Miyazaki, D Castaing
BACKGROUND: Transjugular intrahepatic portasystemic stent shunt (TIPSS), instead of surgical shunt, has become the standard treatment for patients with complicated portal hypertension. This study compared outcomes in patients who underwent TIPSS or surgical shunting for complicated portal hypertension. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all consecutive patients who received portasystemic shunts from 1994 to 2014 at a single institution. Patients who underwent surgical shunting were compared with those who had a TIPSS procedure following one-to-one propensity score matching...
March 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060125/massive-mesenteric-lymphadenopathy-causing-protein-losing-enteropathy-in-gaucher-disease
#20
Ewan A Simpson, Matthew R F Jaring, Savvas Andronikou
Protein-losing enteropathy due to massive mesenteric lymphadenopathy is a rare complication of Gaucher disease which is generally refractory to treatment with enzyme replacement and substrate reduction therapies. It is postulated that lymph nodes may act as a "sanctuary site" into which these treatments cannot penetrate. We present the case of a male child with Gaucher disease who developed massive mesenteric lymph nodes despite otherwise successful treatment with enzyme replacement therapy, and subsequently developed protein-losing enteropathy...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
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