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Pediatric emergency nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719482/teaching-incision-and-drainage-perceived-educational-value-of-abscess-models
#1
Cynthia M Adams, Lise E Nigrovic, Gavin Hayes, Peter H Weinstock, Joshua Nagler
OBJECTIVES: Incision and drainage (I&D) of skin abscesses is an important procedural skill for pediatric emergency medicine providers. Practical skills training using simulation provides an opportunity to learn and gain confidence with this invasive procedure. Our objective was to assess the perceived educational value of 2 versions of an abscess model as part of an educational workshop for teaching I&D. METHODS: A combined didactic and practical skills workshop was developed for use at 2 national conferences...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719479/a-simulation-based-quality-improvement-initiative-improves-pediatric-readiness-in-community-hospitals
#2
Travis Whitfill, Marcie Gawel, Marc Auerbach
BACKGROUND: The National Pediatric Readiness Project Pediatric Readiness Survey (PRS) measured pediatric readiness in 4149 US emergency departments (EDs) and noted an average score of 69 on a 100-point scale. This readiness score consists of 6 domains: coordination of pediatric patient care (19/100), physician/nurse staffing and training (10/100), quality improvement activities (7/100), patient safety initiatives (14/100), policies and procedures (17/100), and availability of pediatric equipment (33/100)...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711345/working-at-the-intersection-of-context-culture-and-technology-provider-perspectives-on-antimicrobial-stewardship-in-the-emergency-department-using-electronic-health-record-clinical-decision-support
#3
Phillip Chung, Jean Scandlyn, Peter S Dayan, Rakesh D Mistry
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic stewardship programs (ASPs) have not been fully developed for the emergency department (ED), in part the result of the barriers characteristic of this setting. Electronic health record-based clinical decision support (EHR CDS) represents a promising strategy to implement ASPs in the ED. We aimed to determine the cultural beliefs and structural barriers and facilitators to implementation of antimicrobial stewardship in the pediatric ED using EHR CDS. METHODS: Interviews and focus groups were conducted with hospital and ED leadership, attending ED physicians, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and residents at a single health system in Colorado...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697156/transitions-of-care-the-presence-of-written-interfacility-transfer-guidelines-and-agreements-for-pediatric-patients
#4
Andrea Lynn Genovesi, Lenora M Olson, Russell Telford, Diana Fendya, Ellen Schenk, Theresa Morrison-Quinata, Elizabeth A Edgerton
OBJECTIVE: Every year, emergency medical services agencies transport approximately 150,000 pediatric patients between hospitals. During these transitions of care, patient safety may be affected and contribute to adverse events when important clinical information is missing, incomplete, or inaccurate. Written interfacility transfer policies are one way to standardize procedures and facilitate communication between the hospitals leading to improved patient safety and satisfaction for children and families...
July 11, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683872/emergency-nursing-review-questions-july-2017
#5
Tracy Shaw
The review questions that are featured in each of issue of JEN are based on the Emergency Nursing Core Curriculum and other pertinent resources to emergency nursing practice, pediatric and adult. These questions offer emergency nurses an opportunity to test their knowledge about their practice.
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680520/validation-of-different-pediatric-triage-systems-in-the-emergency-department
#6
Kanokwan Aeimchanbanjong, Uthen Pandee
BACKGROUND: Triage system in children seems to be more challenging compared to adults because of their different response to physiological and psychosocial stressors. This study aimed to determine the best triage system in the pediatric emergency department. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study. This study was divided into two phases. The first phase determined the inter-rater reliability of five triage systems: Manchester Triage System (MTS), Emergency Severity Index (ESI) version 4, Pediatric Canadian Triage and Acuity Scale (CTAS), Australasian Triage Scale (ATS), and Ramathibodi Triage System (RTS) by triage nurses and pediatric residents...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673191/advanced-holistic-nursing-practice-narratives-a-view-of-caring-praxis
#7
Mary Enzman Hines, Jennifer Gaughan
Advanced holistic nurses (AHNs), emerging as leaders in health care transformation, are described as caregivers, but caring and caring-within-practice are often difficult for AHNs to explicate. Nursing research that describes caring in advanced practice is limited. Only one study has been reported that focused on describing practice for advanced practice nurses. This article presents a secondary analysis of narratives from a larger qualitative study of holistic pediatric nursing practice. From that study, narratives provided by six holistic advanced practice nurse participants, working in a variety of settings, were extracted and analyzed to illuminate caring-within-practice...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647945/the-emerging-adult-with-diabetes-transitioning-from-pediatric-to-adult-care
#8
Jodi Krall, Ingrid Libman, Linda Siminerio
Transfer from pediatric to adult health care is a significant life event for youth with chronic medical conditions. Unfortunately, youth may not be well prepared to navigate the shift in health care services, increasing their risk for loss to follow up and poor health outcomes. This review explores transition in care through the lens of type 1 diabetes, highlighting current practices and guidelines and offering recommendations for future consideration. Limited evidence suggests that transition programs that focus on strategies to prepare youth developmentally and equip the health care system appropriately have positive impact on the hand off of care, and health outcomes...
June 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616369/management-of-an-obstructed-tracheostomy-in-a-limited-resource-setting
#9
Julie Chiaravalli, Norman Lufesi, Elwin Shawa, Vitumbiko Nkhoma, Elaine Sigalet, Adam Dubrowski
Obstruction of a tracheostomy tube is a common cause of respiratory compromise in adults and pediatric patients, which can lead to a life-threatening emergency if it is not properly managed. Compromised airway patency has many potential etiologies; however, the scenario described in this technical report focuses specifically on the management of tracheostomy obstruction through the presence of a mucus plug, blood clot, or highly viscous secretions. The simulation described in this technical report was written to be conducted as an in-situ simulation within the intensive care unit (ICU) at Mzuzu Central Hospital, Malawi...
May 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612650/pediatric-nurses-ethical-difficulties-in-the-bedside-care-of-children
#10
Kwisoon Choe, Yoonjung Kim, Yoonseo Yang
BACKGROUND: Pediatric nurses experience ethically difficult situations in their everyday work. Several studies have been conducted to reveal ethical issues among pediatric nurses; we do not think their ethical difficulties have been explored sufficiently from their own perspective. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the ethical difficulties faced by pediatric nurses during bedside care for hospitalized children. METHODS: A phenomenological approach was used to collect and analyze interview data from 14 female pediatric nurses in South Korea...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562741/self-efficacy-scale-for-the-establishment-of-good-relationships-with-families-in-neonatal-and-pediatric-hospital-settings
#11
Andréia Cascaes Cruz, Margareth Angelo, Bernardo Pereira Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of the Self-efficacy Scale for the Establishment of Good Relationships with Families in Neonatal and Pediatric Hospital Settings. METHOD: Methodological study grounded on self-efficacy theory was conducted in three phases: conceptual and operational definition (review of the literature and interviews with the target population), content validity (opinion of five experts e three clinical nurses), and exploratory factor analysis and internal consistency reliability (cross-sectional survey with a valid sample of 194 nurses)...
May 25, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562462/the-challenge-of-patient-notification-and-the-work-of-follow-up-generated-by-a-2-step-testing-protocol-for-group-a-streptococcal-pharyngitis-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#12
Michael E Russo, Jennifer Kline, Preeti Jaggi, Amy L Leber, Daniel M Cohen
OBJECTIVE: Current guidelines recommend confirmatory testing for negative rapid antigen detection tests (RADTs) for group A streptococcal pharyngitis in children. We sought to describe the work of follow-up generated by this process and frequency of our inability to notify patients of positive results. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed laboratory and outreach nurse records of patients who had group A streptococcal pharyngitis testing performed in an academic pediatric emergency department during 2014...
May 30, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557755/validation-of-new-quality-measures-for-transitions-between-sites-of-care
#13
Layla Parast, Q Burkhart, Arti D Desai, Tamara D Simon, Carolyn Allshouse, Maria T Britto, JoAnna K Leyenaar, Courtney A Gidengil, Sara L Toomey, Marc N Elliott, Eric C Schneider, Rita Mangione-Smith
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Assessing and improving the quality of transitions to home from the emergency department (ED) or hospital is critical for patient safety. Our objective was to validate 8 newly developed caregiver-reported measures of transition quality. METHODS: This prospective observational study included 1086 caregiver survey respondents whose children had an ED visit (n = 523) or hospitalization (n = 563) at Seattle Children's Hospital in 2014. Caregivers were contacted to complete 2 surveys...
May 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545931/validating-a-questionnaire-prehospital-preparedness-for-pediatric-trauma-patients
#14
Karin Bölenius, Christin Vestin, Britt-Inger Saveman, Lina Gyllencreutz
In recent decades, prehospital emergency care has undergone extensive development. Today, prehospital emergency nurses (PENs) are well trained and provide advanced care to patients of all ages. Caring for pediatric trauma patients is considered to be particularly demanding. However, in Sweden and internationally, there is a lack of research regarding PENs' preparedness for caring for pediatric trauma patients. OBJECTIVE: The development and testing of a questionnaire on self-reported preparedness among PENs caring for pediatric trauma patients in a prehospital emergency setting...
May 22, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528598/the-emergence-of-personal-growth-amongst-healthcare-professionals-who-care-for-dying-children
#15
Laura Beaune, Barbara Muskat, Samantha J Anthony
OBJECTIVE: Compassion fatigue, burnout, and vicarious traumatization are prominent topics in the current literature on the impact of the rewarding but challenging work of healthcare professionals who care for patients with life-limiting illnesses. The positive effects of caregiving constitute a newly emerging outcome that has been relatively unexplored in the pediatric literature, and yet they may play an important role in contributing to the satisfaction and well-being of the healthcare professionals who care for children who have a life-limiting illness...
May 22, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511844/pediatric-nurse-practitioners-in-the-emergency-department-implications-for-education-and-research
#16
Tasha R Rutledge, Lisa E Merritt
The use of pediatric nurse practitioners in emergency departments is common in the United States. Defining competencies that are specific to the wide span of urgent and emergent pediatric conditions, along with a recognized practice standard for education and method of certification for pediatric nurse practitioners practicing in emergency care, is needed. Pediatric emergency departments require a team of providers with a skill set that aligns with each patient's needs. The use of qualified pediatric nurse practitioners on these teams, both primary care and acute care certified, to provide care to these children is expanding, with implications for education and research...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469906/improving-access-for-urgent-patients-in-paediatric-neurology
#17
Khalid Mohamed, Basema Al Houri, Khalid Ibrahim, Abdulhafeez M Khair
Referral and flow management is an important part of outpatient care; some patients require to be seen earlier than the next available appointment because of the nature of their presentation. We did not have a clear pathway for urgent patients being referred to our pediatric neurology service. When we reviewed this process in our Quality Improvement meeting we identified wide variation in the length of time such patients wait to be seen in clinic ranging from 2 to 11 weeks. Only 25% of patients identified as requiring urgent clinic appointments were seen in clinic within 2 weeks of triage...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467009/a-school-based-public-health-model-to-reduce-oral-health-disparities
#18
Rebecca N Dudovitz, Jonathan E Valiente, Gloria Espinosa, Claudia Yepes, Cesar Padilla, Maryjane Puffer, Harold C Slavkin, Paul J Chung
OBJECTIVES: Although dental decay is preventable, it remains the most common pediatric chronic disease. We describe a public health approach to implementing a scalable and sustainable school-based oral health program for low-income urban children. METHODS: The Los Angeles Trust for Children's Health, a nonprofit affiliated with the Los Angeles Unified School District, applied a public health model and developed a broad-based community-coalition to a) establish a District Oral Health Nurse position to coordinate oral health services, and b) implement a universal school-based oral health screening and fluoride varnishing program, with referral to a dental home...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460696/caring-for-kids-bridging-gaps-in-pediatric-emergency-care-through-community-education-and-outreach
#19
REVIEW
Ann Luckstead-Gosdin, Lori Vinson, Cynthia Greenwell, Jefferson Tweed
The Pediatric Emergency Services Network (PESN) was developed to provide ongoing continuing education on pediatric guidelines and pediatric emergency care to rural and nonpediatric hospitals, physicians, nurses, and emergency personnel. A survey was developed and given to participants attending PESN educational events to determine the perceived benefit and application to practice of the PESN outreach program. Overall, 91% of participants surveyed reported agreement that PESN educational events were beneficial to their clinical practice, provided them with new knowledge, and made them more knowledgeable about pediatric emergency care...
June 2017: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458185/the-experiences-of-undergraduate-nursing-students-and-self-reflective-accounts-of-first-clinical-rotation-in-pediatric-oncology
#20
Jila Mirlashari, Fay Warnock, Jahanfar Jahanbani
The clinical practicum is one of the most anticipated components of the nursing program for nursing students. However, the practicum can be anxiety producing for students, especially when it is their first placement in an emotional demanding setting like pediatric oncology unit. Taking care of children with cancer and who are facing the death trajectory is complex and demanding not only for students but also for the experienced nurse. In this qualitative research, the purpose was to explore senior student perceptions and self-reflective accounts of what it was like to care for children with cancer and their family throughout the course of their first practicum on a pediatric oncology unit that also provided children palliative care as needed...
April 10, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
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