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Pediatric emergency nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776817/investigation-of-the-prevalence-of-pressure-ulcers-and-patient-related-risk-factors-in-hospitals-in-the-province-of-erzurum-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Mağfiret Kaşıkçı, Meyreme Aksoy, Emrah Ay
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers are a significant health care problem all across the world due to their associated high mortality and morbidity rates and high health care costs. The prevalence of pressure ulcers serves as one of the most important indicators of the quality of nursing care. STUDY AIM: This study aims to determine the prevalence of pressure ulcers and patient-related risk factors in inpatients receiving treatment in the province of Erzurum, located in the eastern part of Turkey...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757790/barriers-to-implementation-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception-a-systematic-review
#2
Jessamyn Phillips, Prabjot Sandhu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is one of the most effective forms of contraception available. The utilization of LARC remains low despite being recommended by major health organizations such as Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American Academy of Pediatrics, American Academy of Family Physicians, and the National Committee for Quality Assurance. Health care professionals play an essential role in the potential increased use of LARC...
April 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742551/exploring-research-topics-and-trends-in-nursing-related-communication-in-intensive-care-units-using-social-network-analysis
#3
Youn-Jung Son, Soo-Kyoung Lee, SeJin Nam, Jae Lan Shim
This study used social network analysis to identify the main research topics and trends in nursing-related communication in intensive care units. Keywords from January 1967 to June 2016 were extracted from PubMed using Medical Subject Headings terms. Social network analysis was performed using Gephi software. Research publications and newly emerging topics in nursing-related communication in intensive care units were classified into five chronological phases. After the weighting was adjusted, the top five keyword searches were "conflict," "length of stay," "nursing continuing education," "family," and "nurses...
May 4, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732457/a-computable-definition-of-sepsis-facilitates-screening-and-performance-improvement-tracking
#4
Lauren J Alessi, Holly R Warmus, Erin K Schaffner, Sajel Kantawala, Joseph Carcillo, Johanna Rosen, Christopher M Horvat
Background: Sepsis kills almost 5,000 children annually, accounting for 16% of pediatric health care spending in the United States. Objectives: We sought to identify sepsis within the Electronic Health Record (EHR) of a quaternary children's hospital to characterize disease incidence, improve recognition and response, and track performance metrics. Methods: Methods are organized in a plan-do-study-act cycle. During the "plan" phase, electronic definitions of sepsis (blood culture and antibiotic within 24 hours) and septic shock (sepsis plus vasoactive medication) were created to establish benchmark data and track progress with statistical process control...
March 2018: Pediatric Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729653/pain-management-in-the-pediatric-palliative-care-population
#5
Rene Thomas, Marcia Phillips, Rebekah J Hamilton
PURPOSE: The purpose of this integrative review was to identify, review, synthesize, and analyze the current literature related to pain management in the pediatric palliative care population from infancy through adolescence. METHODS: The literature was searched for the terms palliative, pediatric, and pain in PubMed, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied HeALTH LITERATUre (CINAHL) Complete, and Google Scholar. The search was limited to papers in English that had been published from January 1, 2005, to December 31, 2016...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727348/a-quality-initiative-a-system-wide-reduction-in-serious-medication-events-through-targeted-simulation-training
#6
Kiran B Hebbar, Nora Colman, Lorisa Williams, Jessica Pina, Lisa Davis, James E Bost, Halli Jones, Gary Frank
INTRODUCTION: Medication administration events (MAEs) are a great concern to the healthcare industry, because they are both common and costly. Pediatric patients pose unique challenges to healthcare systems, particularly regarding the safety of medication administration. Our objectives were to improve adherence to best practices, decrease MAEs, and decrease cost related to error reduction rates by implementing a scenario-based simulation training program for frontline nursing staff in the general care units, emergency departments, and intensive care units within our institution...
April 30, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716958/provider-perspectives-on-partnering-with-parents-of-hospitalized-children-to-improve-safety
#7
Rebecca E Rosenberg, Emily Williams, Neesha Ramchandani, Peri Rosenfeld, Beth Silber, Juliette Schlucter, Gail Geraghty, Susan Sullivan-Bolyai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is increasing emphasis on the importance of patient and family engagement for improving patient safety. Our purpose in this study was to understand health care team perspectives on parent-provider safety partnerships for hospitalized US children to complement a parallel study of parent perspectives. METHODS: Our research team, including a family advisor, conducted semistructured interviews and focus groups of a purposive sample of 20 inpatient pediatric providers (nurses, patient care technicians, physicians) in an acute-care pediatric unit at a US urban tertiary hospital...
May 1, 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706299/parent-and-nurse-satisfaction-using-pacidose%C3%A2-oral-medication-delivery-device-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department-a-pilot-study
#8
Kurt Hansen, Lisa Yee, Jumie Lee, Timothy Horeczko, Mohsen Saidinejad, Patricia S Padlipsky, Marianne Gausche-Hill, David A Tanen
PURPOSE: Administering oral medication to infants is challenging for caregivers, often resulting in incomplete delivery of the intended dose. Pacidose® is an oral medication delivery device that consists of a syringe attached to a tunneled pacifier. This study aimed to determine caregiver and nurse satisfaction and success rate of the Pacidose in the administration of acetaminophen to infants in the pediatric emergency department (ED). DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a prospective trial involving a convenience sample of patients who presented to a pediatric ED between November 2015 and August 2016...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705118/multi-stakeholder-informed-guidelines-for-direct-admission-of-children-to-hospital
#9
JoAnna K Leyenaar, Megan Shevenell, Paul A Rizzo, Vanessa L Hill, Peter K Lindenauer
OBJECTIVES: To develop pediatric direct admission guidelines and prioritize outcomes to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of hospital admission processes. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted deliberative discussions at 1 children's hospital and 2 community hospitals, engaging parents of hospitalized children and inpatient, outpatient, and emergency department physicians and nurses to identify shared and dissenting perspectives regarding direct admission processes and outcomes...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698339/disparities-in-adherence-to-pediatric-diabetic-ketoacidosis-management-guidelines-across-a-spectrum-of-emergency-departments-in-the-state-of-indiana-an-observational-in-situ-simulation-based-study
#10
Kamal Abulebda, Samer Abu-Sultaneh, Erin E White, Michele L Kirby, Brian C Phillips, Courtney T Frye, Lee D Murphy, Riad Lutfi
BACKGROUND: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a common presentation to an emergency department (ED), with the majority presenting to community EDs. Adherence to clinical guidelines in these EDs can reduce morbidity and mortality. Few methods to describe practice gaps for DKA management have been reported. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that high-fidelity in situ simulation can be used to measure and compare the quality of the care provided to pediatric patients with DKA presenting to community EDs in the state of Indiana...
April 24, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695117/seasonal-influenza-vaccination-in-health-care-workers-a-pre-post-intervention-study-in-an-italian-paediatric-hospital
#11
Francesco Gilardi, Guido Castelli Gattinara, Maria Rosaria Vinci, Marta Ciofi Degli Atti, Veronica Santilli, Rita Brugaletta, Annapaola Santoro, Rosina Montanaro, Luisa Lavorato, Massimiliano Raponi, Salvatore Zaffina
Despite relevant recommendations and evidences on the efficacy of influenza vaccination in health care workers (HCWs), vaccination coverage rates in Europe and Italy currently do not exceed 25%. Aim of the study is to measure the variations in vaccination coverage rates in an Italian pediatric hospital after a promotion campaign performed in the period October⁻December 2017. The design is a pre-post intervention study. The intervention is based on a wide communication campaign and an expanded offer of easy vaccination on site...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678003/preliminary-evaluation-of-an-electronic-patient-prioritization-tool-for-pediatric-emergency-department
#12
Jessica Schiro, Pierre-François Gauthier, François Dubos, Sylvia Pelayo, Romaric Marcilly
The study presents the evaluation of the reliability of the information displayed on the user interface of a homegrown electronic patient prioritization tool dedicated to pediatric emergency department (namely Optimum). Two ergonomists shadowed physicians and nurses throughout their shift in order to (i) identify consistencies and discrepancies between the actual step of the patients in the care process and their assigned step in Optimum and (ii) to understand the causes of the discrepancies. Even if some discrepancies are noted, results show that Optimum provides a quite good reflection of the actual position of the patients in the care process...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661039/high-fidelity-simulation-of-pediatric-emergency-care-an-eye-opening-experience-for-baccalaureate-nursing-students
#13
Sandra P Small, Peggy A Colbourne, Cynthia L Murray
Background Little attention has been given to in-depth examination of what high-fidelity simulation is like for nursing students within the context of a pediatric emergency, such as a cardiopulmonary arrest. It is possible that such high-fidelity simulation could provoke in nursing students intense psychological reactions. Purpose The purpose of this study was to learn about baccalaureate nursing students' lived experience of high-fidelity simulation of pediatric cardiopulmonary arrest. Method Phenomenological methods were used...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622722/inpatient-quality-improvement-interventions-for-asthma-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Kavita Parikh, Susan Keller, Shawn Ralston
CONTEXT: Despite the availability of evidence-based guidelines for the management of pediatric asthma, health care utilization remains high. OBJECTIVE: Systematically review the inpatient literature on asthma quality improvement (QI) and synthesize impact on subsequent health care utilization. DATA SOURCES: Medline and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (January 1, 1991-November 16, 2016) and bibliographies of retrieved articles...
May 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613935/the-use-of-emergency-physicians-to-deliver-anesthesia-for-orthopaedic-surgery-in-austere-environments-the-expansion-of-the-emergency-physician-s-general-anesthesia-syllabus-to-orthopaedic-surgery
#15
Ogedad Pierre, John F Lovejoy, Robert Stanton, Richard Skupski, Harold Previl, Jerry Bernard, Lia Losonczy, Mark Walsh
BACKGROUND: Five billion people, primarily in low-income and middle-income countries, cannot access safe, affordable surgical and anesthesia care, particularly for orthopaedic trauma. The rate-limiting step for many orthopaedic surgical procedures performed in the developing world is the absence of safe anesthesia. Even surgical mission teams providing surgical care are limited by the availability of anesthesiologists. Emergency physicians, who are already knowledgeable in airway management and procedural sedation, may be able to help to fulfill the need for anesthetists in disaster relief and surgical missions...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601462/incident-reporting-to-improve-patient-safety-the-effects-of-process-variance-on-pediatric-patient-safety-in-the-emergency-department
#16
Karen J OʼConnell, Kathy N Shaw, Richard M Ruddy, Prashant V Mahajan, Richard Lichenstein, Cody S Olsen, Tomohiko Funai, Stephen Blumberg, James M Chamberlain
OBJECTIVE: Medical errors threaten patient safety, especially in the pediatric emergency department (ED) where overcrowding, multiple handoffs, and workflow interruptions are common. Errors related to process variance involve situations that are not consistent with standard ED operations or routine patient care. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: We performed a planned subanalysis of the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network incident reporting data classified as process variance events...
April 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587869/perspectives-of-health-professionals-on-the-best-care-settings-for-pediatric-trauma-casualties-a-qualitative-study
#17
Raya Madar, Bruria Adini, David Greenberg, Yehezkel Waisman, Avishay Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Critically-injured children are frequently treated by providers who lack specialty pediatric training in facilities that have not been modified for the care of children. We set out to understand the attitudes and perspectives of policy makers, and senior nursing and medical managers in the Israeli healthcare system, concerning the provision of medical care to pediatric trauma casualties in emergency departments. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 17 health professionals from medical centers across Israel and the Ministry of Health...
March 28, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580916/influences-on-intentions-to-place-long-acting-reversible-contraceptives-a-pilot-study-comparing-by-provider-specialty-in-ohio
#18
Charee Thompson, Jane Broecker, Maggie Dade, Kelly Nottingham
STUDY OBJECTIVE: According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), pediatricians are to counsel and provide LARCs as first-line-of-defense contraceptives because they are the most effective. We wanted to explore positive influences on LARC placement for pediatricians, particularly when compared to providers in other specialties who care for women. DESIGN: Survey methods with data analyzed using analyses of variance and general linear models in statistical software SPSS 24...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562929/the-influence-of-an-accredited-pediatric-emergency-medicine-program-on-the-management-of-pediatric-pain-and-anxiety
#19
Tali Capua, Zohar Bar Kama, Ayelet Rimon
BACKGROUND: The emergency department (ED) setting is an environment where children may experience intense physical pain and emotional stress. This study sought to determine the availability of pain and anxiety management practices in all Israeli emergency departments which accept children, specifically looking for differences between accredited pediatric emergency medicine departments and others. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of all Israeli emergency departments that accept children was performed...
March 21, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528202/early-predictors-of-unresponsiveness-to-high-flow-nasal-cannula-therapy-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#20
Anıl Er, Aykut Çağlar, Fatma Akgül, Emel Ulusoy, Hale Çitlenbik, Durgül Yılmaz, Murat Duman
AIM: High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is a new treatment option for pediatric respiratory distress and we aimed to assess early predictive factors of unresponsiveness to HFNC therapy in a pediatric emergency department (ED). METHOD: Patients who presented with respiratory distress and were treated by HFNC, were included. The age, gender, weight, medical history, diagnosis, vital signs, oxygen saturation/fraction of inspired oxygen (SpO2 /FiO2 ) ratio, modified Respiratory Distress Assessment Instrument (mRDAI) scores, medical interventions, duration of HFNC therapy, time to escalation, adverse effects, and laboratory test results were obtained from medical and nursing records...
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
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