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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651207/metacognitive-therapy-versus-disorder-specific-cbt-for-comorbid-anxiety-disorders-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Sverre Urnes Johnson, Asle Hoffart, Hans M Nordahl, Bruce E Wampold
Few studies have compared the effects of Metacognitive therapy (MCT) and Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for comorbid anxiety disorders. In the current study we compared CBT and MCT for heterogeneous anxiety disorders in a residential setting. Ninety patients with a primary diagnosis of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Phobia or Panic disorder, with and without Agoraphobia, were randomized to either CBT or MCT. Patients were assessed at pre-treatment, post-treatment and one-year follow-up. Primary outcome measures were Beck Anxiety Inventory and ADIS IV and secondary outcome measures were SCID II, Beck Depression Inventory, Penn State Worry Questionnaire, The Symptom Checklist-90 and the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-64...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651185/treatment-of-neurocognitive-symptoms-in-unipolar-depression-a-systematic-review-and-future-perspectives
#2
REVIEW
E Salagre, B Solé, Y Tomioka, B S Fernandes, D Hidalgo-Mazzei, M Garriga, E Jimenez, J Sanchez-Moreno, E Vieta, I Grande
BACKGROUND: Cognitive symptoms in Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) are persistent and commonly entail neurocognitive impairment and a decline in quality of life. This systematic review gathers the current scientific evidence on therapeutic strategies for neuropsychological impairment in MDD. METHOD: A systematic search on PubMed, PsycINFO and Clinicaltrials.gov was carried out on December 2016 according to PRISMA using Boolean terms to identify interventions for the treatment of cognitive dysfunction in MDD...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651170/an-analysis-of-quality-of-life-qol-in-patients-with-epilepsy-and-comorbid-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-pnes-after-vagus-nerve-stimulation-vns
#3
Andrew C Vivas, Christian J Reitano, Hena Waseem, Selim R Benbadis, Fernando L Vale
PURPOSE: Patients with epilepsy (PWE) may suffer from comorbid psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES). The efficacy of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) in the treatment of epilepsy and depression is established, however the impact on PNES is unknown. Since many patients with PNES have comorbid depression, we explored the impact on quality of life (QOL) that VNS has on PWE and PNES. METHODS: The video electroencephalogram (vEEG) of all patients who underwent VNS at our institution was reviewed...
June 23, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651103/does-cortisol-moderate-the-environmental-association-between-peer-victimization-and-depression-symptoms-a-genetically-informed-twin-study
#4
Mara Brendgen, Isabelle Ouellet-Morin, Sonia Lupien, Frank Vitaro, Ginette Dionne, Michel Boivin
Many youths who are victimized by peers suffer from depression symptoms. However, not all bullying victims show depression symptoms and individuals' biological sensitivity may play an important moderating role in this regard. In line with this notion, peer victimization has been associated with increased depressive symptoms in youth with higher basal cortisol secretion. It is unclear, however, whether this moderating effect of cortisol really concerns the environmental effect of peer victimization on depression...
June 19, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651086/age-at-first-febrile-seizure-correlates-with-perinatal-maternal-emotional-symptoms
#5
Fanny Thébault-Dagher, Catherine M Herba, Jean R Séguin, Gina Muckle, Sonia J Lupien, Lionel Carmant, Marie-Noëlle Simard, Gabriel D Shapiro, William D Fraser, Sarah Lippé
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal exposure to stress and fever are factors lowering seizure threshold in animal models. The fever effect on seizure threshold is well documented in human infants, however the associations between maternal perinatal stress and infants' susceptibility to seizures is unknown. This is the first study in humans to investigate longitudinally, whether in humans, the effect of maternal perinatal emotional symptoms such as stress, anxiety and depression that may trigger a biological stress response on age at first seizure occurrence...
June 10, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650957/determinants-of-generic-and-specific-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#6
Xiao-Jing Tu, Wen-Juh Hwang, Hui-Ing Ma, Ling-Hui Chang, Shih-Pin Hsu
OBJECTIVES: Generic and disease-specific health-related quality of life (HRQoL) instruments may reflect different aspects of lives in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and thus be associated with different determinants. We used the same cluster of predictors for the generic and disease-specific HRQoL instruments to examine and compare the determinants of HRQoL. METHOD: HRQoL was measured in 92 patients with PD by the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the 39-item Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650923/the-effect-of-false-positive-mammograms-on-antidepressant-and-anxiolytic-initiation
#7
Joel E Segel, Rajesh Balkrishnan, Richard A Hirth
BACKGROUND: Despite reported increases in anxiety following a false-positive mammogram, there is little evidence the effect rises to the clinical level of initiating medication. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of a false-positive mammogram on antidepressant or anxiolytic initiation and identify subpopulations most at risk. SUBJECTS: MarketScan commercial and Medicaid claims databases used to identify women ages 40-64 undergoing screening mammography with no prior antidepressant or anxiolytic claims...
June 23, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650777/a-transdiagnostic-examination-of-decreased-intolerance-of-uncertainty-and-treatment-outcome
#8
Kimberly Stevens, Travis Rogers, Moselle Campbell, Thröstur Björgvinsson, Sarah Kertz
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) is characterized by negative beliefs and reactions to uncertainty. IU is present in emotional disorders and may be a mechanism of change in treatment . There are two components of IU, prospective and inhibitory IU, that may be differentially associated with outcome. The current study tested associations between pre- and post-treatment changes in the components of IU, symptoms of anxiety and depression, and treatment outcome in a large diagnostically heterogeneous partial hospital sample...
June 26, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650702/a-case-report-of-methadone-associated-hypoglycemia-in-an-11-month-old-male
#9
Michael S Toce, Margaret A Stefater, David T Breault, Michele M Burns
BACKGROUND: Methadone is a synthetic μ-opioid receptor agonist that is used in the management of pain, neonatal abstinence withdrawal syndrome, and opioid dependence. Overdose can cause miosis, respiratory depression, and central nervous system depression. Rarely, hypoglycemia has been reported. We present the case of an 11-month-old male who developed hypoketotic, hyperinsulinemic, hypoglycemia after an acute, unintentional methadone exposure. CASE DETAILS: The patient was a previously healthy 11-month-old male who presented in respiratory failure...
June 26, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650677/psychosocial-risk-factors-for-perinatal-depression-among-female-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#10
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion
Perinatal depression is a health concern among pregnant and postpartum adolescents as it may negatively impact fetal development and result in complications such as preterm delivery, low infant birth weight, and poor maternal-infant attachment. The purpose of this systematic review is to examine psychosocial risk factors for depression among adolescents during pregnancy and postpartum. A literature search was conducted from five databases from 1995 to 2016. A total of 17 studies matched the inclusion criteria...
June 26, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650603/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-czech-beck-depression-inventory-ii-in-a-sample-of-depressed-patients-and-healthy-controls
#11
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to explore reliability and validity of the Czech revised Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) and to identify the best cut-off for a correct identification of a potentially depressed individual. METHOD: Two groups of adult participants entered the study. The first group consisted of 177 patients with depression (F32x or F33x according to the ICD-10). Furthermore, there were 767 healthy controls. Each participant filled in BDI-II...
May 26, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650513/return-to-work-after-work-related-stress-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-work-focused-cognitive-behavioral-intervention
#12
Vita Ligaya Dalgaard, Kirstin Aschbacher, Johan Hviid Andersen, David John Glasscock, Morten Vejs Willert, Ole Carstensen, Karin Biering
Objectives This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a stress management intervention (SMI) on lasting return to work (RTW) among patients with work-related stress complaints. Methods Sickness benefit departments from three local municipalities referred patients on sick leave with work-related adjustment disorders or mild depression to the Department of Occupational Medicine, Regional Hospital West Jutland. A 2× randomization procedure allocated patients into one of three groups: intervention (N=58), control A (which received a clinical assessment; N=56), or control B (no assessment; N=49)...
June 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650452/development-of-quality-of-life-in-patients-undergoing-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-with-regard-to-anxiety-depression-and-resilience
#13
A Schumacher, C Sauerland, G Silling, W E Berdel, M Stelljes, R Koch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650398/predictors-of-functional-change-in-a-skilled-nursing-facility-population
#14
Allison M Gustavson, Jason R Falvey, Jeri E Forster, Jennifer E Stevens-Lapsley
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Inability to obtain sufficient gains in function during a skilled nursing facility (SNF) stay impacts patients' functional trajectories and susceptibility to adverse events. The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of functional change in patients temporarily residing in an SNF following hospitalization. METHODS: One hundred forty patients admitted to a single SNF from the hospital who had both evaluation and discharge measures of physical function documented were included...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650335/development-of-ad-like-symptoms-following-co-administration-of-alcl3-and-d-gal-in-rats-a-neurochemical-biochemical-and-behavioural-study
#15
Laraib Liaquat, Saara Ahmad, Sadia Sadir, Zehra Batool, Saima Khaliq, Saiqa Tabassum, Shaista Emad, Syeda Madiha, Sidrah Shahzad, Saida Haider
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-related neurodegenerative disorder associated with neurochemical and neurobehavioural alterations. Aluminium (Al) is considered as a contributing factor in the etiology of several neurodegenerative disorders like AD. D-galactose (D-gal) is a physiological nutrient but over supply induces some neurochemical and biochemical changes that exacerbate natural aging process. In this study, we aimed to develop AD animal model by co-administration of Al and D-gal in rats. Male albino Wistar rats were intraperitoneally injected with AlCl3 and D-gal at a dose of 150mg/kg and 300mg/kg respectively for one week...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650247/burden-of-alcohol-abuse-or-dependence-among-long-term-opioid-users-with-chronic-noncancer-pain
#16
Pamela B Landsman-Blumberg, Nathaniel Katz, Kavita Gajria, Anna D Coutinho, Paul P Yeung, Richard White
BACKGROUND: Substance abuse disorders among chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) patients add to the clinical challenges and economic burden of caring for such patients. Despite potential risks, some CNCP patients with a history of alcohol abuse or dependence (AAD) and pain that is refractory to nonopioid treatment options may still need opioids for pain management. However, there is a lack of data on adverse outcomes in long-term opioid users with CNCP and a history of substance abuse or AAD disorders...
July 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650200/the-cortisol-c-reactive-protein-ratio-and-negative-affect-reactivity-in-depressed-adults
#17
Edward C Suarez, John S Sundy
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effect of the cortisol (CORT) to high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) ratio on stress-induced negative affect (NA) reactivity and whether the association was moderated by depressive symptom severity and gender. The CORT/CRP ratio was used to evaluate the integrity of the negative feedback loop between the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and inflammatory response system. METHOD: Basal CORT and hsCRP levels were measured in fasting blood samples from 198 medication-free and nonsmoking healthy men and women...
June 26, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650191/perceived-problem-solving-deficits-and-suicidal-ideation-evidence-for-the-explanatory-roles-of-thwarted-belongingness-and-perceived-burdensomeness-in-five-samples
#18
Carol Chu, Kristin L Walker, Ian H Stanley, Jameson K Hirsch, Jeffrey H Greenberg, M David Rudd, Thomas E Joiner
Perceived social problem-solving deficits are associated with suicide risk; however, little research has examined the mechanisms underlying this relationship. The interpersonal theory of suicide proposes 2 mechanisms in the pathogenesis of suicidal desire: intractable feelings of thwarted belongingness (TB) and perceived burdensomeness (PB). This study tested whether TB and PB serve as explanatory links in the relationship between perceived social problem-solving (SPS) deficits and suicidal thoughts and behaviors cross-sectionally and longitudinally...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650179/political-activism-and-mental-health-among-black-and-latinx-college-students
#19
Elan C Hope, Gabriel Velez, Carly Offidani-Bertrand, Micere Keels, Myles I Durkee
OBJECTIVES: The current study investigates the utility of political activism as a protective factor against experiences of racial/ethnic (R/E) discrimination that negatively affect stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms among Black and Latinx college freshmen at predominately White institutions. METHOD: Data come from the Minority College Cohort Study, a longitudinal investigation of Black and Latinx college students (N = 504; 44% Black). We conducted multiple regression analyses for each mental health indicator and tested for interaction effects...
June 26, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649892/are-we-exaggerating-neuropsychological-impairment-in-depression-reopening-a-closed-chapter
#20
Steffen Moritz, Katrin Stöckert, Marit Hauschildt, Hannah Lill, Lena Jelinek, Thomas Beblo, Sabrina Diedrich, Sönke Arlt
BACKGROUND: Meta-analyses conclude that individuals with depression display neurocognitive deficits. However, the extent to which some of these impairments occur due to secondary influences, and thus in part represent epiphenomena, has rarely been tested. Therefore, the authors examined the impact of performance motivation, attitude towards cognitive assessment, and momentary symptoms during assessment on neuropsychological test results in depression. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Forty-five patients with depression and 60 nonclinical individuals underwent a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery...
June 26, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
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