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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931219/long-term-chikungunya-sequelae-in-cura%C3%A3-ao-burden-determinants-and-a-novel-classification-tool
#1
Jelte Elsinga, Izzy Gerstenbluth, Symkje van der Ploeg, Yaskara Halabi, Norédiz T Lourents, Johannes G Burgerhof, Henry T van der Veen, Ajay Bailey, Martin P Grobusch, Adriana Tami
Background: Beyond the acute illness phase, chikungunya constitutes a public health problem given its chronic disease phase, which may include long-term arthralgia, arthritis, fatigue, and depression. Currently, there is no consensus on how to define chikungunya chronicity. Methods: A comprehensive cross-sectional survey was performed in Curaçao in June and July 2015 to evaluate 304 adult laboratory-confirmed chikungunya patients 3-16 months after diagnosis. We developed a novel tool, the Curaçao Long-Term Chikungunya Sequelae (CLTCS) score, to classify chronic chikungunya disease and estimate its burden regarding disease duration, clinical presentation, and impact on quality of life...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931102/-areas-and-challenges-of-oncopsychological-rehabilitation
#2
Péter Kovács, Zsuzsa Koncz, Julianna Peti, Anna Gõdény, Dóra Horváth, Csilla Gerlinger, Katalin Lacsán, Petra Molnár, Ágnes Riskó
Patients with cancer present a number of different difficulties that adversely affect their health care and recovery (e.g. poor communication with physicians, lack of knowledge about their illness and its management, financial problems). Furthermore, mental health problems, such as distress, depression and anxiety, are common amongst patients with cancer. These mental health problems are additional contributors to functional impairment in carrying out family, work, and other social roles, poor adherence to medical treatments, and adverse medical outcomes...
September 20, 2017: Magyar Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931086/re-evaluation-of-the-interrelationships-among-the-behavioral-tests-in-rats-exposed-to-chronic-unpredictable-mild-stress
#3
Congli Hu, Ying Luo, Hong Wang, Shengnan Kuang, Guojuan Liang, Yang Yang, Shaoshan Mai, Junqing Yang
The chronic unpredictable mild stress model of depression has been widely used as an experimental tool to investigate human psychopathology. Our objective was to provide an update on the validity and reliability of the chronic unpredictable mild stress model, by analyzing the interrelationships among the indexes using stepwise discriminant analysis and Pearson correlation coefficient to examine the possible combinations. We evaluated the depressive rats in both the presence and the absence of chronic unpredictable mild stress, using weight change, percentage of sucrose preference, coat state, splash test, open-field test, elevated plus-maze test, forced swimming test, and Morris water maze test...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931031/reducing-therapeutic-misconception-a-randomized-intervention-trial-in-hypothetical-clinical-trials
#4
Paul P Christopher, Paul S Appelbaum, Debbie Truong, Karen Albert, Louise Maranda, Charles Lidz
BACKGROUND: Participants in clinical trials frequently fail to appreciate key differences between research and clinical care. This phenomenon, known as therapeutic misconception, undermines informed consent to clinical research, but to date there have been no effective interventions to reduce it and concerns have been expressed that to do so might impede recruitment. We determined whether a scientific reframing intervention reduces therapeutic misconception without significantly reducing willingness to participate in hypothetical clinical trials...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930940/the-relationship-between-women-s-intention-to-request-a-labor-epidural-analgesia-actually-delivering-with-labor-epidural-analgesia-and-postpartum-depression-at-6-weeks-a-prospective-observational-study
#5
Sharon Orbach-Zinger, Ruth Landau, Avi Ben Harousch, Oren Ovad, Liron Caspi, Evgeniya Kornilov, Alexander Ioscovich, Danielle Bracco, Atara Davis, Shlomo Fireman, Moshe Hoshen, Leonid A Eidelman
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) is associated with pain during and after delivery, with studies showing reduced rates among women delivering with labor epidural analgesia (LEA). We hypothesized that women who intend to deliver with LEA but do not receive it are at higher risk for PPD at 6 weeks due to the combined experience of untreated labor pain and unmatched expectations during labor, and evaluated the interaction between labor plans related to LEA, satisfaction with pain control when actually delivering with LEA, and PPD at 6 weeks after delivery...
September 19, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930889/the-burden-of-mental-illness-among-veterans-use-of-vha-health-care-services-by-those-with-service-connected-conditions
#6
Charles Maynard, Adam Batten, Chuan-Fen Liu, Karin Nelson, Stephan D Fihn
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how Veterans with service-connected conditions use health care provided by the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). OBJECTIVES: To ascertain what proportion of Veterans with service-connected conditions used VHA health care and whether it varied according to type of condition, combined disability rating, age, sex, military rank, or other characteristics and whether there were differences in receipt of inpatient and outpatient care...
September 19, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930784/self-care-moderates-the-relationship-between-symptoms-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-heart-failure
#7
Jonathan P Auld, James O Mudd, Jill M Gelow, Shirin O Hiatt, Christopher S Lee
BACKGROUND: Physical symptoms and depression in heart failure (HF) are key drivers of health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Heart failure self-care behaviors are believed to influence how symptoms affect HRQOL. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine if HF self-care behaviors moderate the relationships between physical and depressive symptoms and HRQOL. METHODS: In a cohort of adults with moderate to advanced HF, multivariate linear regression was used to evaluate the interaction between self-care behaviors (Self-care of HF index maintenance and management scales) and physical HF symptoms (HF Somatic Perception Scale) on emotional HRQOL (emotional dimension of Minnesota Living With HF Questionnaire)...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930774/high-levels-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-chemokines-point-to-the-presence-of-neuroinflammation-in-peripheral-neuropathic-pain-a-cross-sectional-study-of-two-cohorts-of-patients-compared-to-healthy-controls
#8
Emmanuel Bäckryd, Anne-Li Lind, Måns Thulin, Anders Larsson, Björn Gerdle, Torsten Gordh
Animal models suggest that chemokines are important mediators in the pathophysiology of neuropathic pain. Indeed, these substances have been called "gliotransmitters", a term that illustrates the close interplay between glial cells and neurons in the context of neuroinflammation and pain. However, evidence in humans is scarce. The aim of the study was to determine a comprehensive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) inflammatory profile for neuropathic pain patients. Our hypothesis was that we would thereby find indications of a postulated on-going process of central neuroinflammation...
September 18, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930670/post-migration-employment-changes-and-health-a-dyadic-spousal-analysis
#9
Annie Ro, Rachel E Goldberg
Prospective studies have found unemployment and job loss to be associated with negative psychological and physical health outcomes. For immigrants, the health implications of employment change cannot be considered apart from pre-migration experiences. While immigrants demonstrate relative success in securing employment in the United States, their work is often not commensurate with their education or expertise. Previous research has linked downward employment with adverse health outcomes among immigrants, but with gender differences...
September 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930231/a-population-based-cohort-study-on-the-ability-of-acupuncture-to-reduce-post-stroke-depression
#10
Shuo-Ping Tseng, Yu-Ching Hsu, Ching-Ju Chiu, Shang-Te Wu
Objective: Post-stroke depression (PSD) is common and has a negative impact on recovery. Although many stroke patients in Taiwan have used acupuncture as a supplementary treatment for reducing stroke comorbidities, little research has been done on the use of acupuncture to prevent PSD. Accordingly, our goal is to investigate whether using acupuncture after a stroke can reduce the risk of PSD. Method: This population-based cohort study examined medical claims data from a random sample of 1 million insured people registered in Taiwan...
March 15, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930222/add-on-complementary-medicine-in-cancer-care-evidence-in-literature-and-experiences-of-integration
#11
REVIEW
Elio Rossi, Mariella Di Stefano, Fabio Firenzuoli, Maria Valeria Monechi, Sonia Baccetti
Background: According to the literature an increasing number of cancer patients demand for complementary therapies during their disease. Research has demonstrated that some of these therapies are effective and safe as adjunctive treatments in specific symptoms of these patients. Methods: The aims of the paper are to review the main and recent papers of international literature on the effectiveness of complementary medicine (CM) therapies on side effects of anti-cancer protocols and improvement in the quality of life of oncological patients, and to describe the integration of evidence-based acupuncture, herbal medicine and homeopathy treatments in Public Cancer Network of the region of Tuscany...
January 24, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930080/seroprevalence-of-brucella-antibodies-in-harbor-seals-in-alaska-usa-with-age-regional-and-reproductive-comparisons
#12
A Hoover-Miller, J L Dunn, C L Field, G Blundell, S Atkinson
Populations of harbor seal Phoca vitulina in the Gulf of Alaska have dramatically declined during the past 4 decades. Numbers of seals in Glacier Bay, in southeast Alaska, USA, have also declined despite extensive protection. Causes of the declines and slow recovery are poorly understood. Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease that adversely affects reproduction in many domestic species. We measured the seroprevalence of Brucella antibodies in 554 harbor seals in 3 Alaska locations: Prince William Sound (PWS), Glacier Bay (GB), and Tracy Arm Fords Terror (TAFT) Wilderness Area...
September 20, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930059/the-role-of-alcohol-on-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-among-persons-living-with-hiv-in-urban-india
#13
Stephen L Schensul, Toan Ha, Jean J Schensul, Melita Vaz, Rajendra Singh, Joseph A Burleson, Kendall Bryant
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of alcohol use among men living with HIV on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and examine the association of alcohol use and psychosocial variables on ART adherence. The study was a cross-sectional survey supplemented by medical records and qualitative narratives as a part of the initial formative stage of a multilevel, multicentric intervention and evaluation project. METHOD: A screening instrument was administered to men living with HIV (n = 3,088) at four ART Centers using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-consumption questions (AUDIT-C) to determine alcohol use for study eligibility...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929995/endocrinological-and-subjective-stress-responses-in-children-with-depressive-anxiety-or-externalizing-disorders
#14
Stephanie Stadelmann, Sonia Jaeger, Tina Matuschek, Yoon Ju Bae, Kai von Klitzing, Annette Maria Klein, Mirko Döhnert
In this study, we used a stress test to investigate endocrinological and subjective stress responses of 8- to 14-year-old children with internalizing or externalizing disorders and healthy controls. The sample (N = 170) consisted of clinical and community children. Parents were given a diagnostic interview to diagnose their children's psychiatric condition. We measured saliva cortisol and subjectively experienced arousal in children before and after the Trier Social Stress Test for Children. Children also rated their performance immediately after the stress test, and 1 hr later they rated their positive and negative thoughts about this stressful event...
September 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929992/mood-disorders-and-circulating-levels-of-inflammatory-markers-in-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#15
J Glaus, R von Känel, A M Lasserre, M-P F Strippoli, C L Vandeleur, E Castelao, M Gholam-Rezaee, C Marangoni, E-Y N Wagner, P Marques-Vidal, G Waeber, P Vollenweider, M Preisig, K R Merikangas
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing evidence that chronic low-grade inflammation is associated with mood disorders. However, the findings have been inconsistent because of heterogeneity across studies and methodological limitations. Our aim is to prospectively evaluate the bi-directional associations between inflammatory markers including interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) with mood disorders. METHODS: The sample consisted of 3118 participants (53...
September 20, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929975/trait-and-facet-level-predictors-of-first-onset-depressive-and-anxiety-disorders-in-a-community-sample-of-adolescent-girls
#16
Brandon L Goldstein, Roman Kotov, Greg Perlman, David Watson, Daniel N Klein
BACKGROUND: Individual differences in neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness are associated with, and may predict onset of, internalizing disorders. These general traits can be parsed into facets, but there is a surprising paucity of research on facet risk for internalizing disorders. We examined general traits and facets of neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness in predicting first onsets of depressive and anxiety disorders. METHODS: A community sample of 550 adolescent females completed general and facet-level personality measures and diagnostic interviews...
September 20, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929944/increasing-body-image-flexibility-in-a-residential-eating-disorder-facility-correlates-with-symptom-improvement
#17
Eric B Lee, Clarissa W Ong, Michael P Twohig, Tera Lensegrav-Benson, Benita Quakenbush-Roberts
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of changes in body image psychological flexibility over the course of treatment on various outcome variables. METHOD: Participants included 103 female, residential patients diagnosed with an eating disorder. Pretreatment and posttreatment data were collected that examined body image psychological flexibility, general psychological flexibility, symptom severity, and other outcome variables. RESULTS: Changes in body image psychological flexibility significantly predicted changes in all outcome measures except for obsessive-compulsive symptoms after controlling for body mass index, depression, and anxiety...
September 20, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929909/relationship-of-religiosity-and-spirituality-to-hazardous-drinking-drug-use-and-depression-among-sexual-minority-women
#18
Laurie Drabble, Cindy B Veldhuis, Barth B Riley, Sharon Rostosky, Tonda L Hughes
Using data from Wave 3 of the Chicago Health and Life Experiences of Women (CHLEW) study (N = 699) we explored whether religiosity and spirituality were associated with risk of hazardous drinking, drug use, and depression among sexual minority women (SMW; lesbian, bisexual) and possible differences by race/ethnicity. Participants were more likely to endorse spirituality than religiosity, and endorsement of each was highest among African-American SMW. We found no protective effect of religiosity or spirituality for hazardous drinking or drug use...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929893/long-term-health-outcomes-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-peer-sexual-contact-among-an-urban-sample-of-behaviourally-bisexual-latino-men
#19
Brian Mattera, Ethan C Levine, Omar Martinez, Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, José Bauermeister, M Isa Fernandez, Don Operario, Carlos Rodriguez-Diaz
While previous research indicates high rates of childhood sexual abuse among Latino men who have sex with men, few studies have examined the long-term health outcomes of childhood sexual abuse specifically among behaviourally bisexual Latino men. In a sample of 148 behaviourally bisexual Latino men in New York City, we examined associations between childhood sexual abuse and multiple dimensions of adult health: sexual risk behaviours; sexually transmitted infections incidence; polydrug use; depressive symptoms; and perceived stress...
September 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929795/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-depression-and-psychosis-a-systematic-review
#20
Yuma Yokoi, Zui Narita, Tomiki Sumiyoshi
Transcranial direct current stimulation, one of the neuromodulation paradigms, is attracting interest as a novel method to treat various central nervous system disorders. It is safe, portable, and cost-effective, and has been applied experimentally for patients with various neuropsychiatric conditions. For the clinical importance and preliminary positive results, growing number of randomized controlled trials to patients with depression or schizophrenia are reported, followed by systematic reviews and meta-analyses...
September 1, 2017: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
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