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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110494/a-systematic-review-of-cognitive-effects-of-exercise-in-depression
#1
N Brondino, M Rocchetti, L Fusar-Poli, E Codrons, L Correale, M Vandoni, C Barbui, P Politi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the impact of physical exercise on cognitive symptoms in depressed adult patients. METHODS: Systematic literature search was performed in Web of Science™ and CINAHL from inception to August 2016. Two reviewers independently selected randomized trials evaluating the effect of exercise on cognitive functions in patients with a validated diagnosis of depression. Outcome measures included global cognition and different cognitive domains (speed of processing, attention/vigilance, working memory, verbal and visual memory, and reasoning)...
January 22, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110464/alexithymia-in-people-with-subjective-cognitive-decline-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-mild-alzheimer-s-disease
#2
Mehmet Yuruyen, Fundan Engin Akcan, Gizem Cetiner Batun, Gozde Gultekin, Mesut Toprak, Hakan Yavuzer, Murat Emul
BACKGROUND: Behavioral and psychological symptoms are widely accepted as accelerator factors in progression to dementia. Although alexithymia is closely related to normal aging process and poor neurocognitive performance, alexithymia has not been included in these symptoms yet. AIMS: Here, we aimed to investigate alexithymia features in people with prominent clinical memory complaints. METHODS: The participants (n = 82) were classified into three groups as: subjective cognitive decline (n = 30), mild cognitive impairment (n = 27), and mild Alzheimer's disease (n = 25) after Mini-Mental State Examination, Clinical Dementia Rating Scale, neuropsychological test battery, Geriatric Depression Scale, and Hachinski Ischemic Scale...
January 21, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110442/correlates-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-young-old-and-old-old-community-dwelling-older-adults
#3
Élvio R Quintal Gouveia, Bruna R Gouveia, Andreas Ihle, Matthias Kliegel, José A Maia, Sergi Bermudez I Badia, Duarte L Freitas
PURPOSE: This study aimed (1) to examine the role of potential correlates of HRQoL in a large representative sample of older adults, and (2) to investigate whether the relationships between HRQoL and potential factors differ as a function of HRQoL component (physical vs. mental) and/or age cohort (young-old vs. old-old). METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 802 older adults aged 60-79 years old. HRQoL was assessed using the SF-36 questionnaire. Functional fitness was assessed using the Senior Fitness Test...
January 21, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110224/emotional-intelligence-and-coping-strategies-as-determinants-of-quality-of-life-in-depressed-patient-caregiver-dyads-an-actor-partner-interdependence-analysis
#4
L Boyer, K Baumstarck, M Alessandrini, Z Hamidou, J Testart, M Serres, P Arquillière, P Auquier, T Leroy, X Zendjidjian
OBJECTIVE: Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and their natural caregivers experience major lifestyle difficulties. Little is known concerning dyadic (i.e., patient and natural caregiver) characteristics' impact on quality of life. In a sample of depressed patient-caregiver dyads, we examined quality of life (QoL) levels compared with the general population and whether QoL is influenced by emotional intelligence (EI) and coping strategies using the actor-partner interdependence model (APIM)...
January 8, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110207/the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-depressive-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-among-elderly-nursing-home-residents-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Neslihan Lok, Sefa Lok, Muammer Canbaz
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity may have positive effects on decreasing anxiety, stress and depression, maintaining mental health and ensuring psychological vitality.This study aimed to determine how a "Physical Activity Program" for elderly people in nursing homes affected their depressive symptoms and quality of life. METHODS: We included 80 individuals aged >65years (40 in the intervention group, 40 controls) in this experimental, randomized, controlled pretest-posttest study...
January 16, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110160/moderating-and-mediating-effects-of-resilience-between-childhood-trauma-and-depressive-symptoms-in-chinese-children
#6
Huisi Ding, Juan Han, Minli Zhang, Kaiqiao Wang, Jiangling Gong, Senbei Yang
BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma has been regarded as a risk factor for adolescent depression. Resilience has been found to be a protective factor for adolescent mental health. However, it is not clear about the role of resilience in the relationship between childhood trauma and depression. METHODS: School attending adolescents (n=6406) aged 9-17 years were drawn from five primary schools, three middle schools and two high schools in Wuhan city of China in 2015. The participants were invited to complete self-report questionnaires, including demographics, childhood trauma, resilience and depressive symptoms...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110159/manganese-intake-is-inversely-associated-with-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy-in-japan-baseline-data-from-the-kyushu-okinawa-maternal-and-child-health-study
#7
Yoshihiro Miyake, Keiko Tanaka, Hitomi Okubo, Satoshi Sasaki, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa
BACKGROUND: One epidemiological study in Canada has addressed the association between zinc intake and depressive symptoms during pregnancy while another epidemiological study in Korea has examined the association between iron intake and depressive symptoms during pregnancy. The present cross-sectional study in Japan examined the association between intake of zinc, magnesium, iron, copper, and manganese and depressive symptoms during pregnancy. METHODS: Study subjects were 1745 pregnant women...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110158/general-distress-is-more-important-than-ptsd-s-cognition-and-mood-alterations-factor-in-accounting-for-ptsd-and-depression-s-comorbidity
#8
Brianna M Byllesby, Jon D Elhai, Marijo Tamburrino, Thomas H Fine, Gregory Cohen, Laura Sampson, Edwin Shirley, Philip K Chan, Israel Liberzon, Sandro Galea, Joseph R Calabrese
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) are highly comorbid and exhibit strong correlations with each other at both the symptom level and latent factor level. Various theories have attempted to explain this relationship. Results have been inconsistent regarding whether PTSD's negative alterations in cognition and mood factor (NACM) is significantly more related to depression, in contrast to other factors of PTSD. METHODS: Confirmatory factor analysis was used to attempt to address the relationships between PTSD and MDD in a large sample of trauma-exposed combat veterans from the Ohio National Guard as part of a larger longitudinal study...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110156/maternal-childhood-trauma-postpartum-depression-and-infant-outcomes-avoidant-affective-processing-as-a-potential-mechanism
#9
Karmel W Choi, Kathleen J Sikkema, Bavi Vythilingum, Lut Geerts, Sheila C Faure, Melissa H Watt, Annerine Roos, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: Women who have experienced childhood trauma may be at risk for postpartum depression, increasing the likelihood of negative outcomes among their children. Predictive pathways from maternal childhood trauma to child outcomes, as mediated by postpartum depression, require investigation. METHODS: A longitudinal sample of South African women (N=150) was followed through pregnancy and postpartum. Measures included maternal trauma history reported during pregnancy; postpartum depression through six months; and maternal-infant bonding, infant development, and infant physical growth at one year...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110112/verbal-memory-functioning-moderates-psychotherapy-treatment-response-for-ptsd-related-nightmares
#10
J Cobb Scott, Gerlinde Harb, Janeese A Brownlow, Jennifer Greene, Ruben C Gur, Richard J Ross
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with cognitive deficits in attention, executive control, and memory, although few studies have investigated the relevance of cognitive difficulties for treatment outcomes. We examined whether cognitive functioning and history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) were associated with response to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for PTSD-related sleep problems. In a randomized controlled trial of Imagery Rehearsal (IR) added to components of CBT for Insomnia (IR + cCBT-I) compared to cCBT-I alone for PTSD-related recurrent nightmares, 94 U...
January 13, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110084/maternal-depression-and-family-adversity-linked-pathways-to-offspring-depression
#11
Jake M Najman, M Plotnikova, G M Williams, R Alati, A A Mamun, J Scott, A M Clavarino, N Wray
There is conflicting evidence about the contribution of maternal depression and family adversity to depression experienced by offspring. Because maternal depression and family adversity are related, there is a need to determine how they independently contribute to offspring depression. Data are from a long-running prospective birth cohort study (Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy and its outcomes - MUSP). For this study some 2200 offspring were followed up at 30 years of age. We first examine the association between maternal depression and family adversity over the period from the pregnancy to the child reaching adulthood...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109831/common-and-specific-abnormalities-in-cortical-thickness-in-patients-with-major-depressive-and-bipolar-disorders
#12
Meiqi Niu, Ying Wang, Yanbin Jia, Junjing Wang, Shuming Zhong, Jiabao Lin, Yao Sun, Ling Zhao, Xiaojin Liu, Li Huang, Ruiwang Huang
Major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD) are severe psychiatric diseases with overlapping symptomatology. Although previous studies reported abnormal brain structures in MDD or BD patients, the disorder-specific underlying neural mechanisms remain poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the whole-brain gray matter morphological patterns in unmedicated patients with MDD or BD and to identify the shared and disease-specific brain morphological alterations in these two disorders...
January 11, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109827/involvement-of-lateral-habenula-%C3%AE-1-subunit-containing-gabaa-receptor-mediated-inhibitory-transmission-in-the-regulation-of-depression-related-behaviors-in-experimental-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Tao Wang, Li Zhang, Qiao-Jun Zhang, Yong Wang, Cheng-Xue Du, Yi-Na Sun, Jin Zhang, Shu-Xuan Lv, Li Chen, Jian Liu
The lateral habenula (LHb) plays an important role in the regulation of depression. At present, it is not clear whether GABAA receptor-mediated inhibitory transmission in the LHb is involved in Parkinson's disease (PD)-associated depression. In this study, unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the substantia nigra in rats induced depressive-like behaviors and led to hyperactivity of LHb neurons compared to sham-operated rats, which attribute to depletion of dopamine, and decreased synthesis and release of GABA and increased release of glutamate in the LHb...
January 18, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109809/potent-inhibition-of-monoamine-oxidase-a-by-decursin-from-angelica-gigas-nakai-and-by-wogonin-from-scutellaria-baicalensis-georgi
#14
Hyun Woo Lee, Hyung Won Ryu, Myung-Gyun Kang, Daeui Park, Hanna Lee, Heung Mook Shin, Sei-Ryang Oh, Hoon Kim
During the ongoing search for new monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors, five coumarin derivatives and eight flavonoids were isolated from the roots of Angelica gigas Nakai and Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, respectively. Of the phytochemicals, decursin (4) was found to potently and selectively inhibit human MAO-A (IC50=1.89μM). The IC50 value of 4 for MAO-A belonged to the lowest group in herbal sources and was similar to that of toloxatone (1.78μM), a marketed drug. Wogonin (11) effectively inhibited MAO-A and MAO-B (IC50=6...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109756/membrane-cholesterol-oxidation-in-live-cells-enhances-the-function-of-serotonin1a-receptors
#15
Md Jafurulla, Aswan Nalli, Amitabha Chattopadhyay
The serotonin1A (5-HT1A) receptor is an important neurotransmitter receptor that belongs to the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) family. It is implicated in a variety of cognitive and behavioral functions and serves as an important drug target for neuropsychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression. Previous work from our laboratory has demonstrated that membrane cholesterol plays an important role in the function of the serotonin1A receptor. Our earlier results highlighted several structural features of cholesterol essential for receptor function...
January 18, 2017: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109736/social-disparities-in-the-relationship-between-depression-and-unintended-pregnancy-during-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#16
Kelli Stidham Hall, Jennifer L Richards, Kathleen Mullan Harris
PURPOSE: We investigated the influence of depression on subsequent risk of unintended pregnancy and social disparities within this relationship, during adolescence and young adulthood. METHODS: Drawing upon 15-year, nationally representative data from 8,810 young U.S. women in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we estimated associations between depression and time to first pregnancies reported as unintended, overall and stratified by race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and age with Cox proportional hazard models...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109699/associations-among-resilience-posttraumatic-growth-anxiety-and-depression-and-their-prediction-from-stress-in-newly-diagnosed-people-living-with-hiv
#17
Helena Garrido-Hernansaiz, Jesús Alonso-Tapia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109668/childhood-trauma-depression-and-negative-symptoms-are-independently-associated-with-impaired-quality-of-life-in-schizophrenia-results-from-the-national-face-sz-cohort
#18
M Andrianarisoa, L Boyer, O Godin, L Brunel, E Bulzacka, B Aouizerate, F Berna, D Capdevielle, J M Dorey, C Dubertret, J Dubreucq, C Faget, F Gabayet, P M Llorca, J Mallet, D Misdrahi, R Rey, R Richieri, C Passerieux, A Schandrin, A M Tronche, M Urbach, P Vidailhet, F Schürhoff, G Fond
OBJECTIVES: Depression and negative symptoms have been associated with impaired Quality of life (QoL) in schizophrenia (SZ). However, childhood trauma may influence both QoL and depression in SZ patients, with consequences for the management of impaired QoL in SZ patients. The aim of the present study was to determine if childhood trauma was associated with impaired QoL in schizophrenia. METHOD: A sample of 544 community-dwelling stabilized SZ patients enrolled in FACE-SZ cohort were utilized in this study (74...
January 18, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109579/reprint-of-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-behavioural-disorders-and-quality-of-life-in-parkinson-s-disease
#19
REVIEW
Roberta Balestrino, Pablo Martinez-Martin
Parkinson's disease is a complex neurodegenerative disorder characterized by motor and non-motor symptoms, with neuropsychiatric manifestations among the most frequent non-motor symptoms. Health-related quality of life is a patient-reported outcome that reflects the impact of the disease on physical, mental, and social wellbeing, and on other aspects of patient' life. Although older studies on health-related quality of life in Parkinson's disease mainly investigated the role of the motor impairment, recent research focused on non-motor symptoms has highlighted the critical role that behavioural disturbances due to neuropsychiatric symptoms play in determining health related quality of life...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109472/depression-and-survival-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#20
Katherine Rieke, Kendra K Schmid, William Lydiatt, Julia Houfek, Eugene Boilesen, Shinobu Watanabe-Galloway
OBJECTIVE: Though depression often afflicts head and neck cancer (HNC) patients, few studies have examined the association between depression and survival in this particular cancer population. The objective of this study is to investigate the five-year survival of HNC patients by depression status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study used SEER-Medicare data from 2002-2010 and identified depression diagnosis two years before and one year after cancer diagnosis. HNC patients were identified using ICD-O3 codes and depression was identified using ICD-9-CM codes from Medicare claims...
February 2017: Oral Oncology
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