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Child Arthritis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906090/multiple-keratoacanthoma-centrifugum-marginatum-associated-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-and-persistent-corneal-epithelial-defect-an-unusual-case
#1
Hamid R Jahadi Hosseini, Farhad Handjani, Hamid R Anvari Ardakani, Maryam S Sadati, Mohammad R Khalili, Adel Attarzadeh
We report here a case of a child with multiple keratoacanthoma centrifugum marginatum in association with corneal epithelial defect and juvenile arthritis. Keratoacanthoma is a skin tumor and the patient presented with an uncommon type of it.
October 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894769/severe-mitral-regurgitation-in-a-child-with-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-and-pulmonary-hemorrhage
#2
Cornelius A James, Ismael Gonzalez, Paras Khandhar, Bishara J Freij
Introduction: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is the most common vasculitis of childhood. The classic triad of HSP consists of nonthrombocytopenic purpura, arthritis/arthralgia, and gastrointestinal complaints. Pulmonary hemorrhage and cardiac involvement are rare complications of HSP. Case Report: We report the case of a 10-year-old girl with HSP complicated by both severe mitral regurgitation and pulmonary hemorrhage. Discussion: HSP is typically a self-limited illness with an excellent prognosis in children...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870142/validation-of-the-standardized-universal-pain-evaluations-for-rheumatology-providers-for-children-and-youth-super-kidz
#3
Nadia J Luca, Jennifer N Stinson, Brian M Feldman, Susanne M Benseler, Dorcas Beaton, Sarah Campillo, Claire LeBlanc, Margaret van Wyk, Ahmed M Bayoumi
Study Design Longitudinal observational clinimetric study with repeated measures. Background No validated multi-dimensional pain measure for children and youth with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) exists. Objectives To determine the test-retest reliability, construct validity, and responsiveness of English and French versions of the Standardized Universal Pain Evaluations for Rheumatology Providers for Children and Youth (SUPER-KIDZ). Methods Measurement properties of SUPER-KIDZ (older child, younger child, and parent versions) were prospectively evaluated in patients aged 4-18 years with JIA at 2 centres...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869015/-rat-bite-fever-in-a-three-year-old-child
#4
Ea Sofie Marmolin, Joanna Lis-Tønder, Mads Damkjær, Dorthe Grosen
Rat bite fever (RBF) is rare in Denmark. It can be very difficult to diagnose, as the causative agent is an extremely fastidious organism which needs microaerophilic conditions to grow. We report a case of arthritis in the right ankle due to Streptobacillus moniliformis in a three-year-old girl who fully recovered after 14-day treatment of intravenous administrated penicillin followed by four weeks of orally administrated amoxicillin. Social history revealed the presence of two domestic rats living in the child's home...
August 14, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865469/comics-as-an-educational-tool-for-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#5
Amir Mendelson, Noa Rabinowicz, Yonit Reis, Gil Amarilyo, Liora Harel, Philip J Hashkes, Yosef Uziel
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether the comic book Neta and the Medikidz Explain JIA would improve disease-related knowledge and treatment adherence among patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, JIA patients answered 20 multiple-choice knowledge questions about their disease, before and after reading the comic book. Demographic, clinical, health-related quality of life and adherence data were recorded and correlated to the responses...
September 2, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853599/pyomyositis-of-the-pectineus-muscle-in-an-adolescent-male
#6
J Hiddema, S Hassan, N Mangat, N Siddiqui
The 'irritable hip' continues to pose a challenge for clinicians. Even with predictive clinical algorithms, decision making can be difficult. Emergency treatment is required if septic arthritis is suspected. Other differential diagnoses such as transient synovitis, pyomyositis of the pelvic girdle muscles and osteomyelitis must be considered in order to help guide appropriate investigations and allow early treatment. We report the case of a 13-year-old boy presenting to our institution with an acutely painful left hip but still able to weight bear...
September 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814837/simulating-clinical-trial-visits-yields-patient-insights-into-study-design-and-recruitment
#7
S Sam Lim, Alan J Kivitz, Doug McKinnell, M Edward Pierson, Faye S O'Brien
PURPOSE: We elicited patient experiences from clinical trial simulations to aid in future trial development and to improve patient recruitment and retention. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two simulations of draft Phase II and Phase III anifrolumab studies for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)/lupus nephritis (LN) were performed involving African-American patients from Grady Hospital, an indigent care hospital in Atlanta, GA, USA, and white patients from Altoona Arthritis and Osteoporosis Center in Altoona, PA, USA...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738165/physical-and-mechanical-therapies-for-lower-limb-problems-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#8
Antoni Fellas, Andrea Coda, Fiona Hawke
BACKGROUND: Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) is a chronic, autoimmune, inflammatory joint disease and is the most common arthritis affecting children under 16 years of age. Children with JIA commonly experience lower limb dysfunction and disability. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the effectiveness of physical and mechanical therapies for lower limb problems JIA. METHODS: Randomised control trials (RCT) of physical and mechanical interventions for lower limb problems in children with JIA were included...
July 24, 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729171/exercise-therapy-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Gregor Kuntze, Colleen Nesbitt, Jackie L Whittaker, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Clodagh Toomey, Shane Esau, Patricia K Doyle-Baker, Jena Shank, Julia Brooks, Susanne Benseler, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy of exercise interventions in improving outcomes across domains of functioning and disability in children and adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). DATA SOURCES: Seven electronic databases were systematically searched up to November 16, 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Original data, analytic prospective design, physical therapy-led exercise intervention evaluation, children and adolescents with JIA, and assessment of functional, structural, activity, participation, or quality of life outcomes...
July 18, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649905/juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-in-a-patient-with-previous-diagnosis-of-severe-congenital-lupus
#10
I H Rotstein Grein, W Armbrust, A M van der Molen, A van Royen-Kerkhof
Neonatal lupus (NL) is an acquired autoimmune disease of the newborn, caused by transplacental passage of the maternal autoantibodies anti SS-A/Ro and anti SS-B/La. When the clinical picture starts directly at birth, it is known as congenital lupus (CL). The clinical manifestations are variable. Except for cardiac involvement, the other manifestations tend to be benign, and resolve with the child's clearance of maternal antibodies. We report a patient who presented at birth with very severe involvement of the skin, and subsequent contractures of hands and feet, leading to functional impairment...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556863/use-of-the-fascial-distortion-model-to-evaluate-a-limp-in-a-child
#11
Sarah J James, Jasmine Hudnall
Pediatric limp is a relatively common condition in primary care and can be challenging to diagnose and manage. Common causes of painful pediatric limp include transient synovitis, septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, and trauma. The authors present the case of an 11-year-old girl with a painful limp and anterior ankle pain of unclear origin. Osteopathic structural examination revealed a somatic dysfunction known as continuum distortion, 1 of 6 fascial alterations identified in the fascial distortion model. Myofascial release was applied, providing rapid, complete resolution of symptoms...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552100/health-anxiety-and-illness-behaviour-in-children-of-mothers-with-severe-health-anxiety
#12
Mette Viller Thorgaard
Excessive health anxiety, still designated as hypochondriasis in ICD-10, refers to worries and anxiety about harbouring serious illness. It is common in both primary and secondary health care with prevalence rates up to 9% and causes great suffering for the individual as well as high health care costs when untreated. Growing research suggests that health anxiety may originate in childhood, and studies have demonstrated that cognitive and behavioural features similar to those described for health anxiety in adults may be present...
May 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543792/lichenoid-drug-eruption-with-prominent-nail-changes-due-to-leflunomide-in-a-12-year-old-child
#13
Caitlin May, Philip Fleckman, Heather A Brandling-Bennett, Bonnie Cole, Robert Sidbury
We present the case of a 12-year-old-girl who developed lichenoid dermatitis approximately 1 year after starting leflunomide for juvenile idiopathic arthritis. The eruption resolved promptly with discontinuation of the suspected culprit agent, supportive of a lichenoid drug eruption, but she subsequently developed markedly dystrophic nails with lichen planus-like features. A biopsy of her cutaneous findings at the time of initial presentation demonstrated lichenoid dermatitis, and a nail matrix biopsy was deferred given clinical correlation...
May 23, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532706/lipogranulomatous-subconjunctival-nodules-a-novel-presentation-in-blau-syndrome
#14
Mariam Ahmad, Meghan E Hermanson, Robert Enzenauer, Alan Palestine, Clara Lin, Naomi Meeks, Emily McCourt
Blau syndrome is an early-onset granulomatous disease known to affect the skin, joints, and eyes. We report a child with diffuse rash, arthritis, and subconjunctival nodules. Biopsy of the bulbar conjunctiva revealed noncaseating lipogranulomas that lead to a diagnosis of Blau syndrome. To our knowledge, noncaseating lipogranulomas of the conjunctiva have not been reported previously as a presenting finding in Blau syndrome. Although uveitis is the classic manifestation, it is important to broaden the awareness of other ocular signs, as these variations can aid in diagnosis...
May 19, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511689/harnessing-interactive-technologies-to-improve-health-outcomes-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#15
REVIEW
Andrea Coda, Dean Sculley, Derek Santos, Xavier Girones, Lucie Brosseau, Derek R Smith, Joshua Burns, Keith Rome, Jane Munro, Davinder Singh-Grewal
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) typically have reduced physical activity level and impaired aerobic and anaerobic exercise capacity when compared to their non-JIA counterparts. Low intensity exercise regimens appear to be safe in children with JIA and may results in improvements in overall physical function. Poor adherence to paediatric rheumatology treatment may lead to negative clinical outcomes and possibly increased disease activity. This includes symptoms such as pain, fatigue, quality of life, longer term outcomes including joint damage, as well as increase of healthcare associated costs...
May 16, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507977/a-sub-acute-septic-arthritis-of-the-knee-a-sequelae-to-thorn-prick-injury-of-patella-a-case-report
#16
R Sivakumar, Prahalad Kumar Singhi, M Chidambaram, V Somashekar, Vinoth Thangamani
INTRODUCTION: Sub-acute septic arthritis of knee following a thorn prick injury to patella is an uncommon condition and seen in active playful children. The child may be afraid to narrate the incident to their parents or examining doctor, so a high index of suspicion is must. The delayed presentation is inevitable. Early synovitis due to the organic biological foreign body may progress to septic arthritis, if untreated may result in knee stiffness or chronic osteomyelitis of patella. CASE REPORT: We report a case of thorn prick injury to the left patella in an 8-years-old boy who neglected the incident of thorn prick while playing with his peer group 10 days ago and presented with features of sub-acute septic arthritis...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505017/septic-arthritis-due-to-streptococcus-dysgalactiae-subspecies-equisimilis-in-a-healthy-school-child
#17
Satoshi Nakano, Natsuko Matsuoka, Masaki Yamamoto, Yasufumi Matsumura, Miki Nagao, Kazuharu Takikawa, Satoshi Ichiyama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428675/uveitis-associated-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-our-observations
#18
Almira Cosickic, Meliha Halilbasic, Amela Selimovic, Harun Avdagic
INTRODUCTION: Uveitis as extra-articular manifestation of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is present in 20% of children with the persistent form, in 30% with the extended oligoarticular form, while it is present in psoriatic and polyarticular rheumatoid factor (RF) negative arthritis in 10% and 14%, respectively. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the frequency of uveitis and its complications in children with JIA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted with an analysis of the medical records of children with JIA who were treated for the last 5 years...
February 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403864/health-related-quality-of-life-among-swedish-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-parent-child-discrepancies-gender-differences-and-comparison-with-a-european-cohort
#19
Veronica Lundberg, Catharina Eriksson
BACKGROUND: This study investigates gender differences in self-reports and between parent and child reports in Health-related Quality of Life (HRQOL), measured with disease-specific and generic instruments for chronic disease. Comparison of HRQOL results in this Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) sample to a European cohort of children with JIA and one of children with other health conditions are also made. METHODS: Fifty-three children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), aged 8-18 years, and their parents completed the condition-specific DISABKIDS for JIA, and the DISABKIDS generic instrument for chronic conditions (DCGM-37) in a cross-sectional study...
April 12, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391248/increased-risk-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-among-mothers-with-children-who-carry-drb1-risk-associated-alleles
#20
Giovanna Ibeth Cruz, Xiaorong Shao, Hong Quach, Kimberly A Ho, Kirsten Sterba, Janelle A Noble, Nikolaos A Patsopoulos, Michael P Busch, Darrell J Triulzi, Wendy Sw Wong, Benjamin D Solomon, John E Niederhuber, Lindsey A Criswell, Lisa F Barcellos
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a child's genotype affects a mother's risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) beyond the risk associated with her genotype and to test whether exposure to fetal alleles inherited from the father increases risk of RA among mothers without risk alleles. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted among 1165 mothers (170 cases/995 controls) and their respective 1482 children. We tested the association between having any child with alleles encoding amino acids (AAs) associated with RA including the 'shared epitope' (SE) and DERAA AA sequences at positions 70-74; AA valine, lysine and alanine at positions 11, 71 and 74 of HLA-DRB1; aspartic acid at position 9 of HLA-B and phenylalanine at position 9 of DPB1...
August 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
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