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Child Arthritis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428675/uveitis-associated-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-our-observations
#1
Almira Cosickic, Meliha Halilbasic, Amela Selimovic, Harun Avdagic
INTRODUCTION: Uveitis as extra-articular manifestation of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is present in 20% of children with the persistent form, in 30% with the extended oligoarticular form, while it is present in psoriatic and polyarticular rheumatoid factor (RF) negative arthritis in 10% and 14%, respectively. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the frequency of uveitis and its complications in children with JIA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted with an analysis of the medical records of children with JIA who were treated for the last 5 years...
February 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403864/health-related-quality-of-life-among-swedish-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-parent-child-discrepancies-gender-differences-and-comparison-with-a-european-cohort
#2
Veronica Lundberg, Catharina Eriksson
BACKGROUND: This study investigates gender differences in self-reports and between parent and child reports in Health-related Quality of Life (HRQOL), measured with disease-specific and generic instruments for chronic disease. Comparison of HRQOL results in this Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) sample to a European cohort of children with JIA and one of children with other health conditions are also made. METHODS: Fifty-three children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), aged 8-18 years, and their parents completed the condition-specific DISABKIDS for JIA, and the DISABKIDS generic instrument for chronic conditions (DCGM-37) in a cross-sectional study...
April 12, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391248/increased-risk-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-among-mothers-with-children-who-carry-drb1-risk-associated-alleles
#3
Giovanna Ibeth Cruz, Xiaorong Shao, Hong Quach, Kimberly A Ho, Kirsten Sterba, Janelle A Noble, Nikolaos A Patsopoulos, Michael P Busch, Darrell J Triulzi, Wendy Sw Wong, Benjamin D Solomon, John E Niederhuber, Lindsey A Criswell, Lisa F Barcellos
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a child's genotype affects a mother's risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) beyond the risk associated with her genotype and to test whether exposure to fetal alleles inherited from the father increases risk of RA among mothers without risk alleles. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted among 1165 mothers (170 cases/995 controls) and their respective 1482 children. We tested the association between having any child with alleles encoding amino acids (AAs) associated with RA including the 'shared epitope' (SE) and DERAA AA sequences at positions 70-74; AA valine, lysine and alanine at positions 11, 71 and 74 of HLA-DRB1; aspartic acid at position 9 of HLA-B and phenylalanine at position 9 of DPB1...
April 8, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343613/effects-of-the-use-of-growth-hormone-in-children-and-adolescents-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-systematic-review
#4
Renan Bazuco Frittoli, Barbara Sugui Longui, Amanda Meireles Silva, Antônio de Azevedo Barros Filho, Maria Ângela Reis de Góes Monteiro, Simone Appenzeller
INTRODUCTION: Children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) often have impaired growth and short stature. There is evidence that the therapeutic use of growth hormone (GH) is useful and safe in these patients. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of GH use in patients with JIA. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature over the last 18 years in Medline and Embase databases. The criteria were analyzed independently by the researchers. We used the following keywords: "growth hormone", "arthritis, juvenile", "arthritis, rheumatoid", "child" and "adolescent"...
March 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333965/worm-infestations-and-development-of-autoimmunity-in-children-the-abis-study
#5
Johnny Ludvigsson, Michael P Jones, Åshild Faresjö
Worm infestations influence the immune system and may therefore decrease the risk for autoimmune diseases. The aim of the study was to determine whether children who have developed autoimmune disease were less likely to have had worm infestations in childhood. The ABIS-study is a prospective population-based cohort study of children born in southeast Sweden 1997/99. 17.055 children participated. As of June 2014 116 individuals had developed Type 1 diabetes, 181 celiac disease, and 53 Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302414/effect-of-panchakarma-and-ayurvedic-treatment-in-postpartum-rheumatoid-arthritis-amavata-a-case-study
#6
Shailesh V Deshpande, Vaishali S Deshpande, Shraddha S Potdar
Dream of a mother is to get involved actively in upbringing of child, which is impeded if she is suffering from painful condition like rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in postpartum phase. It causes physical incapacity and psychological trauma as well. Present case is a patient who developed RA one month after full term delivery by caesarean section. In view of symptoms, she was diagnosed as case of amavata. She received Ayurvedic treatment - Simhanada guggulu, Pratapalankeshwara rasa, Dashamoola katutraya kashaya and combination of Swarnabhupati rasa, Tapyadi loha, Mahavatavidhvansa, Chopachini (Smilax china), Shunthi (Zinziber officinale) and Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia) for four months and course of kala basti (medicated enema) along with application of medicated oil (Vishagharbha taila abhyanga) and sudation (bashpa sweda) for ten days...
January 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298206/burden-and-spectrum-of-bacterial-infections-among-sickle-cell-disease-children-living-in-cameroon
#7
Anastasie Nicole Alima Yanda, Jobert Richie N Nansseu, Hubert Désiré Mbassi Awa, Sandra A Tatah, Judith Seungue, Charlotte Eposse, Paul Olivier N Koki
BACKGROUND: Although sickle cell disease (SCD) children are highly susceptible to bacterial infections (BIs), there is a dreadful lack of data related to the burden and spectrum of BIs in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the highest affected region with SCD. This study aimed to determine the burden and spectrum of BIs among SCD children hospitalized in a pediatric reference hospital in Cameroon, a SSA country. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of records of children hospitalized from November 2012 to August 2015 in the SCD unit of the Mother and Child Centre of the Chantal Biya Foundation, Cameroon...
March 15, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283723/intravoxel-incoherent-motion-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-knee-joint-in-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#8
Fabian Hilbert, Annette Holl-Wieden, Alexander Sauer, Herbert Köstler, Henning Neubauer
BACKGROUND: MRI of synovitis relies on use of a gadolinium-based contrast agent. Diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) visualises thickened synovium but is of limited use in the presence of joint effusion. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and diagnostic accuracy of diffusion-weighted MRI with intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) for diagnosing synovitis in the knee joint of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve consecutive children with confirmed or suspected juvenile idiopathic arthritis (10 girls, median age 11 years) underwent MRI with contrast-enhanced T1-weighted imaging and DWI at 1...
March 10, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277284/effects-of-the-use-of-growth-hormone-in-children-and-adolescents-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-systematic-review
#9
Renan Bazuco Frittoli, Barbara Sugui Longui, Amanda Meireles Silva, Antônio de Azevedo Barros Filho, Maria Ângela Reis de Góes Monteiro, Simone Appenzeller
INTRODUCTION: Children with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) often have impaired growth and short stature. There is evidence that the therapeutic use of growth hormone (GH) is useful and safe in these patients. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of GH use in patients with JIA. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature over the last 18 years in Medline and Embase databases. The criteria were analyzed independently by the researchers. We used the following keywords: "growth hormone", "arthritis, juvenile", "arthritis, rheumatoid", "child" and "adolescent"...
July 9, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266235/canakinumab-for-first-line-steroid-free-treatment-in-a-child-with-systemic-onset-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#10
G Horneff, J Peitz, J Kekow, D Foell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257312/fever-and-hip-pain-not-always-due-to-a-septic-hip
#11
Muhammad Waseem, Divya Kumari, Talya Toledano
Hip pain in febrile children always raises concern for septic arthritis. Pyomyositis is a rare cause of hip pain. Because it involves muscles around the joint, it may have a similar presentation as a septic hip. This entity therefore has the potential for posing a diagnostic dilemma when physicians face a limping child with fever. We report a child who presented with fever and hip pain and has pyomyositis of the obturator internus muscle. This case underscores the need to consider the possibility of alternative etiologies in a limping child...
March 2, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251009/idiopathic-pulmonary-hemosiderosis-in-a-child-with-recurrent-macrophage-activation-syndrome-secondary-to-systemic-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#12
Kenan Barut, Sezgin Sahin, Amra Adrovic, Velat Sen, Ozgur Kasapcopur
Macrophage activation syndrome, a severe complication of systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis and other inflammatory diseases, represents one of the most important rheumatological emergencies. Delayed diagnosis could lead to life-threatening complications. Pulmonary hemosiderosis has been classically characterized by a triad of anemia, hemoptysis, and lung infiltrates on chest radiogram. Although the majority of patients of pulmonary hemosiderosis are considered idiopathic, secondary hemosiderosis associated with known diseases could be seen...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250627/achromobacter-xylosoxidans-septic-arthritis-in-a-child-with-primary-immunodeficiency
#13
Amitabh Singh, Altaf Hussain, Rahul Jain, Kumar Aishwarya, Vibhor Tak, Preeti Thakur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248876/obturator-externus-abscess-in-a-9-year-old-child-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Charlotte de Bodman, Dimitri Ceroni, Justine Dufour, Pierre-Alex Crisinel, Aline Bregou-Bourgeois, Pierre-Yves Zambelli
RATIONALE: Obturator pyomyositis is a rare condition in children. Diagnosis is often delayed because of its rarity, and the vagaries of its presentation cause it to be easily be missed. Physicians should therefore familiarize themselves with this condition and consider it as a possible differential diagnosis in patients presenting with an acutely painful hip. Inflammatory syndrome is also frequent among sufferers and the MRI is a very sensitive diagnostic tool for obturator pyomyositis...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205413/assessment-of-the-outcome-of-ophthalmological-screening-for-uveitis-in-a-cohort-of-swedish-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#15
Maria Papadopoulou, Madeleine Zetterberg, Solveig Oskarsdottir, Marita Andersson Grönlund
PURPOSE: To describe clinical features, risk factors and complications in a cohort of Swedish children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) screened for uveitis between 2002 and 2011. METHODS: Medical records of 299 children with JIA (93 male, 206 female; median age 5.0 years at diagnosis) were retrospectively scrutinized focusing on subtype of JIA, onset of arthritis/uveitis, presence of antinuclear antibodies (ANA) and ophthalmological status. RESULTS: Uveitis was found in 32 (11%) children, 78% bilaterally affected...
February 15, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162051/henoch-schonlein-purpura-post-streptococcal-glomerulonephritis-and-acute-rheumatic-carditis-after-group-a-%C3%AE-haemolytic-streptococcal-infection
#16
Seçil Arslansoyu Çamlar, Alper Soylu, İpek Akil, Mehtat Ünlü, Şenol Coşkun, Pelin Ertan, Salih Kavukçu
Besides association with acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and acute glomerulonephritis (APSGN), in up to 40% of cases, Group A β-haemolytic streptococcal (GABHS) infections are also implicated as a trigger for Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP). A 7-year-old girl with GABHS throat infection who developed HSP, APSGN and rheumatic carditis is reported. She presented with palpable purpura and arthritis in both ankles and later developed carditis characterised by mitral/aortic regurgitation and glomerulonephritis characterised by mixed nephritic/nephrotic syndrome...
February 6, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146097/parent-and-child-report-of-pain-and-fatigue-in-jia-does-disagreement-between-parent-and-child-predict-functional-outcomes
#17
Amy C Gaultney, Maggie H Bromberg, Mark Connelly, Tracy Spears, Laura E Schanberg
While previous research in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) has identified discrepancy between parent and child perception of disease-related symptoms such as pain, the significance and impact of this disagreement has not been characterized. We examined the extent to which parent-child discordance in JIA symptom ratings are associated with child functional outcomes. Linear regression and mixed effects models were used to test the effects of discrepancy in pain and fatigue ratings on functional outcomes in 65 dyads, consisting of youth with JIA and one parent...
January 30, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088248/the-spectrum-of-rheumatic-in-patient-diagnoses-at-a-pediatric-hospital-in-kenya
#18
Angela Migowa, Inés Colmegna, Carol Hitchon, Eugene Were, Evelyn Ng'ang'a, Thomas Ngwiri, John Wachira, Sasha Bernatsky, Rosie Scuccimarri
BACKGROUND: Pediatric rheumatic diseases are chronic illnesses that can cause considerable disease burden to children and their families. There is limited epidemiologic data on these diseases in East Africa. The aim of this study was to assess the spectrum of pediatric rheumatic diagnoses in an in-patient setting and determine the accuracy of ICD-10 codes in identifying these conditions. METHODS: Medical records from Gertrude's Children's Hospital in Kenya were reviewed for patients diagnosed with "diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue" as per ICD-10 diagnostic codes assigned at discharge between January and December 2011...
January 14, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050484/sleep-disorder-gastrointestinal-problems-and-behaviour-problems-seen-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-children-and-yoga-as-therapy-a-descriptive-review
#19
REVIEW
Kumar Narasingharao, Balaram Pradhan, Janardhana Navaneetham
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder with deficiencies in many developmental milestones during the infantile childhood. Recent researches have shown that apart from behaviour problems, the ASD children also suffer from physiological conditions such as disturbed sleep and gastrointestinal problems that could be the contributing factors to their daytime behaviour problems. Lots of parents have expressed that, lack of sleep among the children have resulted in high levels of stress among the family members particularly among the immediate caretakers which are in most cases the mother of the child...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009633/use-of-smartphones-to-prospectively-evaluate-predictors-and-outcomes-of-caregiver-responses-to-pain-in-youth-with-chronic-disease
#20
Mark Connelly, Maggie H Bromberg, Kelly K Anthony, Karen M Gil, Laura E Schanberg
This study examined outcomes and predictors of different types of responses to child pain used by caregivers of youth with chronic disease. Sixty-six children and adolescents (ages 7-18) with juvenile idiopathic arthritis answered questions about pain, pain interference in activities, and mood on a smartphone three times per day for one month, while a caregiver contemporaneously answered questions about their own mood and use of protecting, monitoring, minimizing, or distracting responses to their child's pain...
December 15, 2016: Pain
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