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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666613/novel-biocontrol-methods-for-listeria-monocytogenes-biofilms-in-food-production-facilities
#1
REVIEW
Jessica A Gray, P Scott Chandry, Mandeep Kaur, Chawalit Kocharunchitt, John P Bowman, Edward M Fox
High mortality and hospitalization rates have seen Listeria monocytogenes as a foodborne pathogen of public health importance for many years and of particular concern for high-risk population groups. Food manufactures face an ongoing challenge in preventing the entry of L. monocytogenes into food production environments (FPEs) due to its ubiquitous nature. In addition to this, the capacity of L. monocytogenes strains to colonize FPEs can lead to repeated identification of L. monocytogenes in FPE surveillance...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665791/a-cost-effectiveness-study-of-ict-training-among-the-visually-impaired-in-the-netherlands
#2
Nathalie J S Patty, Marc Koopmanschap, Kim Holtzer-Goor
BACKGROUND: Due to the ageing population, the number of visually impaired people in the Netherlands will increase. To ensure the future availability of services in rehabilitative eye care, we aim to assess the cost-effectiveness of information and communication technology (ICT) training among visually impaired adults from a societal perspective, using primary data from two large rehabilitative eye care providers in the Netherlands. METHODS: Participants were asked to fill in a questionnaire, which used six different instruments at three different time points: pre training, post training and three months post training...
April 17, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665788/medical-expenses-of-urban-chinese-patients-with-stomach-cancer-during-2002-2011-a-hospital-based-multicenter-retrospective-study
#3
Xiao-Jie Sun, Ju-Fang Shi, Lan-Wei Guo, Hui-Yao Huang, Neng-Liang Yao, Ji-Yong Gong, Ya-Wen Sun, Guo-Xiang Liu, A-Yan Mao, Xian-Zhen Liao, Ya-Na Bai, Jian-Song Ren, Xin-Yu Zhu, Jin-Yi Zhou, Ling Mai, Bing-Bing Song, Yu-Qin Liu, Lin Zhu, Ling-Bin Du, Qi Zhou, Xiao-Jing Xing, Pei-An Lou, Xiao-Hua Sun, Xiao Qi, Yuanzheng Wang, Rong Cao, Ying Ren, Li Lan, Kai Zhang, Jie He, Jia-Lin Wang, Min Dai
BACKGROUND: In China, stomach cancer is the third most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer death. Few studies have examined Chinese stomach cancer patients' medical expenses and their associated trends. The Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) is a Major Public Health Project funded by the central government. Through this project, we have extracted patients' medical expenses from hospital billing data to examine the costs of the first course treatments (which refers to 2 months before and 10 months after the date of cancer diagnosis) in Chinese patients with stomach cancer and the associated trends...
April 17, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665161/poverty-as-an-independent-risk-factor-for-in-hospital-mortality-in-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-study-in-a-developing-country-population
#4
Hassan Jahanihashemi, Mona Babaie, Soroush Bijani, Maryam Bazzazan, Behzad Bijani
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the most severe lower respiratory tract infections with a high in-hospital mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the socioeconomic and medical risk factors affecting the prognosis of acute pneumonia. The results of this study can mention the value of socioeconomic backgrounds like poverty and illiteracy in clinical practice, even in a well-known biological phenomenon (eg acute pneumonia). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all admitted patients to a tertiary teaching hospital with a diagnosis of community acquired pneumonia in a 12-month period were enrolled...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663262/characteristics-treatment-patterns-and-economic-outcomes-of-patients-initiating-injectable-medications-for-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-japan-results-from-a-retrospective-claims-database-analysis
#5
Shuichi Suzuki, Urvi Desai, Alena Strizek, Jasmina Ivanova, Viviana Garcia-Horton, Zhihong Cai, Luke Schmerold, Xinyue Liu, Magaly Perez-Nieves
INTRODUCTION: This study's objective was to describe characteristics, treatment patterns, and economic outcomes of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients initiating injectable antidiabetic medications in Japan. METHODS: Adults (≥ 18 years) with T2DM, ≥ 2 claims for injectable antidiabetics between 1 August 2011 and 31 July 2015 (first claim = index date), no evidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus, ≤ 1 claim for insulin, no claims for GLP-1RA before index, and continuous enrollment for 6 months before (baseline) and 12 months after index (follow-up) were selected from the Japan Medical Center Database...
April 16, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662859/improvement-of-treatment-outcome-over-2-decades-in-children-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#6
Tae Yang Song, Sang Hoon Lee, Gun Kim, Hee Jo Baek, Tai Ju Hwang, Hoon Kook
Background: The prognosis of pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has recently improved. This study aimed to describe the epidemiology, changes in treatment strategies, and improvement of outcomes in Gwangju-Chonnam children with AML over 2 decades. Methods: Medical records of 116 children with newly diagnosed AML were retrospectively reviewed for demographic characteristics, prognostic groups including cytogenetic risks, treatment protocols, and survival rates over the periods between 1996 and 2005 (Period I, N=53), and 2006 and 2015 (Period II, N=38)...
March 2018: Blood Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662691/poverty-reduction-and-equity-benefits-of-introducing-or-scaling-up-measles-rotavirus-and-pneumococcal-vaccines-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-a-modelling-study
#7
Carlos Riumallo-Herl, Angela Y Chang, Samantha Clark, Dagna Constenla, Andrew Clark, Logan Brenzel, Stéphane Verguet
Introduction: Beyond their impact on health, vaccines can lead to large economic benefits. While most economic evaluations of vaccines have focused on the health impact of vaccines at a national scale, it is critical to understand how their impact is distributed along population subgroups. Methods: We build a financial risk protection model to evaluate the impact of immunisation against measles, severe pneumococcal disease and severe rotavirus for birth cohorts vaccinated over 2016-2030 for three scenarios in 41 Gavi-eligible countries: no immunisation, current immunisation coverage forecasts and the current immunisation coverage enhanced with funding support...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661651/-preferences-of-general-practitioners-in-metropolitan-france-with-regard-to-the-delegation-of-medico-administrative-tasks-to-secretaries-assisting-medico-social-workers-study-in-conjoint-analysis
#8
A Chanu, A Caron, G Ficheur, C Berkhout, A Duhamel, M Rochoy
BACKGROUND: A general practitioner's office is an economic unit where task delegation is an essential component in improving the quality and performance of work. AIM: To classify the preferences of general practitioners regarding the delegation of medical-administrative tasks to assistant medical-social secretaries. METHOD: Conjoint analysis was applied to a random sample of 175 general practitioners working in metropolitan France. Ten scenarios were constructed based on seven attributes: training for medical secretaries, logistical support during the consultation, delegation of management planning, medical records, accounting, maintenance, and taking initiative on the telephone...
April 13, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661464/cauliflower-like-neoplasm-of-duodenal-papilla-in-a-liver-transplant-recipient-what-should-we-think-and-do-a-case-report
#9
D-L Wan, M-X Li, L Bao, L-L Zhang, L Zhang, Q-Y Chen, S-Z Lin
BACKGROUND: With the continuous improvement of liver transplantation technology, the survival rate of liver transplantation has been improved, but recurrent or de novo malignancy remains one of the major factors affecting the long-term survival of liver transplant recipients. CASE REPORT: A 45-year-old Chinese man had a plastic biliary stent placed on account of biliary anastomotic stenosis after 3 years of piggyback liver transplantation. He came to our hospital because of recurrent fever and jaundice for 2 weeks, and his carcinoembryonic antigen-199 had increased...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661191/factors-associated-with-treatment-seeking-for-malaria-in-urban-poor-communities-in-accra-ghana
#10
Raphael Baffour Awuah, Paapa Yaw Asante, Lionel Sakyi, Adriana A E Biney, Mawuli Komla Kushitor, Francis Agyei, Ama de-Graft Aikins
BACKGROUND: In Ghana, about 3.5 million cases of malaria are recorded each year. Urban poor residents particularly have a higher risk of malaria mainly due to poor housing, low socio-economic status and poor sanitation. Alternative treatment for malaria (mainly African traditional/herbal and/or self-medication) is further compounding efforts to control the incidence of malaria in urban poor communities. This study assesses factors associated with seeking alternative treatment as the first response to malaria, relative to orthodox treatment in three urban poor communities in Accra, Ghana...
April 16, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660596/time-trends-of-overall-survival-among-metastatic-breast-cancer-patients-in-the-real-life-esme-cohort
#11
Elisa Gobbini, Monia Ezzalfani, Véronique Dieras, Thomas Bachelot, Etienne Brain, Marc Debled, William Jacot, Marie Ange Mouret-Reynier, Anthony Goncalves, Florence Dalenc, Anne Patsouris, Jean Marc Ferrero, Christelle Levy, Veronique Lorgis, Laurence Vanlemmens, Claudia Lefeuvre-Plesse, Simone Mathoulin-Pelissier, Thierry Petit, Lionel Uwer, Christelle Jouannaud, Marianne Leheurteur, Magali Lacroix-Triki, Audrey Lardy Cleaud, Mathieu Robain, Coralie Courtinard, Christian Cailliot, David Perol, Suzette Delaloge
AIM: Real-life analysis of overall survival (OS) trends among metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients may help define medical needs and evaluate the impact of public health investments. The present study aimed to evaluate the independent impact of the year of MBC diagnosis on OS in the Epidemio-Strategy-Medical-Economical (ESME)-MBC cohort. METHODS: ESME-MBC (NCT03275311) is a French, national, multicentre, observational cohort including 16,702 consecutive newly diagnosed MBC patients (01 January 2008-31 December 2014)...
April 13, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660009/critical-care-in-the-military-health-system-a-24-h-point-prevalence-study
#12
Raymond Fisher, Christopher J Colombo, Cristin A Mount, Elizabeth A Mann-Salinas, Adam W Bostick, Konrad Davis, James K Aden, Kevin K Chung, Mary S McCarthy, Jeremy C Pamplin
Background: Healthcare expenditures are a significant economic cost with critical care services constituting one of its largest components. The Military Health System (MHS) is the largest, global healthcare system of its kind. In this project, we sought to describe critical care services and the patients who receive them in the MHS. Methods: We surveyed 26 military treatment facilities (MTFs) representing 38 critical care services or intensive care units (ICUs)...
April 11, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658388/prostate-cancer-screening-perception-beliefs-and-practices-among-men-in-bamenda-cameroon
#13
Ernest Kaninjing, Ivette Lopez, Jennifer Nguyen, Folakemi Odedina, Mary Ellen Young
Prostate Cancer (CaP) is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among Cameroonian men. Due to inadequate infrastructure, record keeping, and resources, little is known about its true burden on the population. There are rural/urban disparities with regards to awareness, screening, treatment, and survivorship. Furthermore, use of traditional medicine and homeopathic remedies is widespread, and some men delay seeking conventional medical treatment until advanced stages of CaP. This study examined the perceptions, beliefs, and practices of men in Cameroon regarding late stage CaP diagnoses; identified factors that influence screening decision; and ascertained how men decided between traditional or conventional medicine for CaP diagnosis and treatment...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657453/periprosthetic-hip-fractures-a-review-of-the-economic-burden-based-on-length-of-stay
#14
Rebecca F Lyons, Robert P Piggott, William Curtin, Colin G Murphy
Introduction: With the increasing rates of total hip replacements being performed worldwide, there is an increasing incidence of periprosthetic fractures. As our patients' demographics change to include older patients with multiple medical co-morbidities, there is a concurrent increase in morbidity and mortality rates. This leads to longer hospital stays and increasing hospital costs. In the current economic climate, the cost of treating periprosthetic fractures must be addressed and appropriate resource and funding allocation for future provision of services should be planned...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657242/diagnosis-related-group-drg-based-case-mix-funding-system-a-promising-alternative-for-fee-for-service-payment-in-china
#15
Cuirong Zhao, Chao Wang, Chengwu Shen, Qian Wang
Fee for services (FFS) is the prevailing method of payment in most Chinese public hospitals. Under this retrospective payment system, medical care providers are paid based on medical services and tend to over-treat to maximize their income, thereby contributing to rising medical costs and uncontrollable health expenditures to a large extent. Payment reform needs to be promptly implemented to move to a prospective payment plan. The diagnosis-related group (DRG)-based case-mix payment system, with its superior efficiency and containment of costs, has garnered increased attention and it represents a promising alternative...
April 15, 2018: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656306/oral-and-sublingual-immunotherapy-for-treatment-of-ige-mediated-food-allergy
#16
REVIEW
Amy M Scurlock
Development of active therapies for IgE-mediated food allergy is a critical action step toward alleviating the adverse medical, psychosocial, and economic burdens on affected patients and families. Significant progress has been observed specifically in the application of single-allergen oral and sublingual immunotherapy for treatment of IgE-mediated food allergy, with emphasis on milk, egg, and peanut as the primary allergens. Oral immunotherapy (OIT) has demonstrated efficacy in promoting immunomodulatory effects that lead to the clinical outcome of desensitization, defined as reduced reactivity while on active OIT, in the majority of treated individuals; however, achievement of sustained unresponsiveness following cessation of therapy has been observed in a smaller subset of treated subjects...
April 14, 2018: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656151/total-hospital-costs-thc-and-length-of-stay-los-of-endovascular-coiling-versus-neurosurgical-clipping-for-unruptured-intracranial-aneurysms-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Xiaoxi Zhang, Haishuang Tang, Qinghai Huang, Bo Hong, Yi Xu, Jianmin Liu
OBJECTIVE: Comparison of feasibility and safety between endovascular coiling versus neurosurgical clipping for the management of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIA) has been incrementally reported. However, economic comparison has been rarely reported. This meta analysis aims at qualitatively and quantitatively analyzing the difference of hospital costs and length of stay between endovascular versus neurosurgical treatment in UIA. METHODS: MEDLINE, the Cochrane database, EMBASE and Web of Science database were searched for cohort studies describing economic hospital cost or length of stay in patients with UIA...
April 12, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655656/how-social-cultural-and-economic-environments-shape-infant-feeding-for-low-income-women-a-qualitative-study-in-north-carolina
#18
Annie Hardison-Moody, Lillian MacNell, Sinikka Elliott, Sarah Bowen
BACKGROUND: This study focuses on the cultural, social, and economic factors that shape infant feeding practices among low-income mothers. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to understand factors that inhibit or facilitate breastfeeding practices of low-income mothers, including how they are linked to broader social, cultural, and economic processes. DESIGN: In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with women about their feeding practices and food environments, including their experiences with breastfeeding and formula feeding...
April 11, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655393/seasonal-influenza-among-children-diagnosed-by-their-guardians-a-small-pilot-study-in-japan
#19
Hiroki Maita, Tadashi Kobayashi, Hiroshi Osawa, Hiroyuki Kato
AimWe aimed to elucidate the accuracy and optimal cut-off point of the self-diagnosis of influenza and the associated clinical symptoms of children by their guardians, compared with those of the rapid influenza diagnostic test (RIDT). BACKGROUND: Seasonal influenza is a common outpatient problem during the winter season. A paediatric influenza epidemic has socio-economic impacts like temporary school closure, school event cancellations, and unscheduled work absences among parents. Hence, early identification and assessment of influenza to prevent its spread is important from a societal perspective...
April 15, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653418/simple-and-label-free-pathogen-enrichment-via-homobifunctional-imidoesters-using-a-microfluidic-slim-system-for-ultrasensitive-pathogen-detection-in-various-clinical-specimens
#20
Choong Eun Jin, Bonhan Koo, Eun Yeong Lee, Ji Yeun Kim, Sung-Han Kim, Yong Shin
Diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms including bacteria and viruses can cause serious medical issues including death and result in huge economic losses. Despite the myriad of recent advances in the rapid and accurate detection of pathogens, large volume clinical samples with a low concentration of pathogens continue to present challenges for diagnosis and surveillance. We here report a simple and label-free approach via homobifunctional imidoesters (HIs) with a microfluidic platform (SLIM) to efficiently enrich and extract pathogens at low concentrations from clinical samples...
April 3, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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