keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical economics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551503/a-profile-of-child-branding-cases-in-kashmir-valley
#1
Arsalaan F Rashid, Kaiser Ahmed, Farida Noor
The article deals with child branding cases that were researched over a period of two years. Child branding practice is a common occurrence in the rural areas of the Kashmir valley where it is often practiced by faith healers [quacks] having no knowledge of underlying disease processes or the possible differentials of the same; leaving treatment protocols a distant possibility for the same. These illiterate so called healers possibly relieve the initial stigmata of the disease process that is pain by many procedures including burning the affected population with hot coals; embers; and various other pain inducing processes...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549592/economic-outcomes-of-pharmacist-physician-medication-therapy-management-for-polypharmacy-elderly-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Hsiang-Wen Lin, Chih-Hsueh Lin, Chin-Kai Chang, Che-Yi Chou, I-Wen Yu, Cheng-Chieh Lin, Tsai-Chung Li, Chia-Ing Li, Yow-Wen Hsieh
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: With an increasing geriatric population, the need for effective management of chronic conditions and medication use in the elderly is growing. Medication use in the elderly presents significant challenges due to changes in pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic profiles. We aimed to examine the impact of a collaborative physician-pharmacist medication therapy management (MTM) program for polypharmacy elderly patients. METHODS: Elderly patients with multiple chronic conditions on polypharmacy were enrolled in this prospective, randomized, and controlled study over 16 months of implementation...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548648/electronic-retinal-implants-and-artificial-vision-journey-and-present
#3
REVIEW
J O Mills, A Jalil, P E Stanga
Retinitis pigmentosa and age-related macular degeneration are two significant causes of severe visual dysfunction. In both, the retinal photoreceptors degenerate, preventing successful conversion of light into electrical energy that is interpreted in the visual cortex as visual function. Artificial vision or visual function began over two centuries ago with the idea of creating artificial light pulses, or phosphenes, through cortical stimulation. The pursuit is now on to improve artificial visual function. Two retinal implants appear the most likely to succeed in the future having undergone multicentre human trials: the Argus II electronic epiretinal device (Second Sight Medical Products, CA, USA) and Alpha-IMS electronic subretinal device (Retina Implant AG, Germany)...
May 26, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547735/the-burden-of-headache-disorders-in-ethiopia-national-estimates-from-a-population-based-door-to-door-survey
#4
Mehila Zebenigus, Redda Tekle-Haimanot, Dawit K Worku, Hallie Thomas, Timothy J Steiner
BACKGROUND: Headache disorders are the third-highest cause of disability worldwide, with migraine and medication-overuse headache (MOH) the major contributors. In Ethiopia we have shown these disorders to be highly prevalent: migraine 17.7%, TTH 20.6%, probable MOH (pMOH) 0.7%, any headache yesterday (HY) 6.4%. To inform local health policy, we now estimate disability and other burdens attributable to headache in this country. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey using cluster-randomized sampling, we visited households unannounced in four diverse regions (urban and rural) of Ethiopia...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546786/the-association-between-higher-nurse-staffing-standards-in-the-fee-schedules-and-the-geographic-distribution-of-hospital-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study-using-nationwide-administrative-data
#5
Noriko Morioka, Jun Tomio, Toshikazu Seto, Yasuki Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: In Japan, the revision of the fee schedules in 2006 introduced a new category of general care ward for more advanced care, with a higher staffing standard, a patient-to-nurse ratio of 7:1. Previous studies have suggested that these changes worsened inequalities in the geographic distribution of nurses, but there have been few quantitative studies evaluating this effect. This study aimed to investigate the association between the distribution of 7:1 beds and the geographic distribution of hospital nursing staffs...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546776/economic-burden-of-hospitalizations-of-medicare-beneficiaries-with-heart-failure
#6
Meredith Kilgore, Harshali K Patel, Adrian Kielhorn, Juan F Maya, Pradeep Sharma
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the costs associated with the hospitalization and the cumulative 30-, 60-, and 90-day readmission rates in a cohort of Medicare beneficiaries with heart failure (HF). METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational study based on data from the national 5% sample of Medicare beneficiaries. Inpatient data were gathered for Medicare beneficiaries with at least one HF-related hospitalization between July 1, 2005, and December 31, 2011...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546747/the-direct-and-indirect-costs-of-managing-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-greece
#7
Kyriakos Souliotis, Hara Kousoulakou, Georgios Hillas, Nikos Tzanakis, Michalis Toumbis, Theodoros Vassilakopoulos
OBJECTIVE: COPD is associated with significant economic burden. The objective of this study was to explore the direct and indirect costs associated with COPD and identify the key cost drivers of disease management in Greece. METHODS: A Delphi panel of Greek pulmonologists was conducted, which aimed at eliciting local COPD treatment patterns and resource use. Resource use was translated into costs using official health insurance tariffs and Diagnosis-Related Groups (DRGs)...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545598/indonesian-dengue-burden-estimates-review-of-evidence-by-an-expert-panel
#8
T Y M Wahyono, J Nealon, S Beucher, A Prayitno, A Moureau, S Nawawi, H Thabrany, M Nadjib
Routine, passive surveillance systems tend to underestimate the burden of communicable diseases such as dengue. When empirical methods are unavailable, complimentary opinion-based or extrapolative methods have been employed. Here, an expert Delphi panel estimated the proportion of dengue captured by the Indonesian surveillance system, and associated health system parameters. Following presentation of medical and epidemiological data and subsequent discussions, the panel made iterative estimates from which expansion factors (EF), the ratio of total:reported cases, were calculated...
May 26, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545491/treatment-of-acute-sciatica-with-transforaminal-epidural-corticosteroids-and-local-anesthetic-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Bastiaan C Ter Meulen, Esther T Maas, Amrita Vyas, Marinus van der Vegt, Koo de Priester, Michiel R de Boer, Maurits W van Tulder, Henry C Weinstein, Raymond W J G Ostelo
BACKGROUND: Transforaminal epidural injections with steroids (TESI) are used increasingly for patients with sciatica. However there is much debate about their safety and effectiveness. It is important to identify patients that benefit most from TESI and only few trials have yet evaluated the effects in patients with acute sciatica. METHODS: We describe a prospective, randomized controlled trial (RCT), with the aim to evaluate the hypothesis that TESI plus Levobupivacaine (TESI-plus) added to oral pain medication is more effective compared to pain medication alone or compared to transforaminal injection with a local anesthetic of short duration among patients with acute sciatica...
May 25, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545416/the-role-of-indonesian-patients-health-behaviors-in-delaying-the-diagnosis-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#10
R Fles, A C R K Bos, Supriyati, D Rachmawati, E Waliyanti, I B Tan, S M Haryana, M K Schmidt, F S T Dewi
BACKGROUND: With an estimated 13,000 newly diagnosed patients per year, nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is one of the most common types of cancer in males in Indonesia. Moreover, most patients are diagnosed at an advanced stage of the disease. This study aimed to explore the health behaviors of patients diagnosed with NPC and the possible causes of patient delay in NPC diagnosis. METHODS: A qualitative research method was used to gain better insight into patient behaviors...
May 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545359/microbial-enzymatic-degradation-of-biodegradable-plastics
#11
Roohi, Kulsoom Bano, Mohammed Kuddus, Mohd Rehan Zaheer, Qamar Zia, Mohd Farhan Khan, Ghulam Md Ashraf, Gjumrakch Aliev
Background The use of different types of plastics in the world either synthetic or biodegradable has become a part in all sectors of the economy. Infrastructure such as agriculture, building and construction, telecommunication, consumer goods, packaging, health and medical are all high growth areas that ensure a spiralling demand for plastics. Lack of degradability, environmental pollution and closing of landfill sites has led to concern more about plastic waste disposal. Appropriate biodegradation should occur for these water-immiscible polymers since they eventually enter streams which can neither be recycled nor incinerated and also not despoiled with existing physical and chemical means of degradation...
May 23, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545129/direct-and-indirect-costs-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-mali-a-case-control-study
#12
Clara Bermudez-Tamayo, Stéphane Besançon, Mira Johri, Sidibe Assa, Jonathan Betz Brown, Kaushik Ramaiya
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most burdensome chronic diseases and is associated with shorter lifetime, diminished quality of life and economic burdens on the patient and society as a result of healthcare, medication, and reduced labor market participation. We aimed to estimate the direct (medical and non-medical) and indirect costs of DM and compare them with those of people without DM (ND), as well as the cost predictors. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Observational retrospective case-control study performed in Mali...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543019/the-burden-of-chronic-spontaneous-urticaria-is-substantial-real-world-evidence-from-assure-csu
#13
Marcus Maurer, Mohamed Abuzakouk, Frédéric Bérard, Walter Canonica, Hanneke Oude Elberink, Ana Giménez-Arnau, Clive Grattan, Kelly Hollis, André Knulst, Jean-Philippe Lacour, Charles Lynde, Alexander Marsland, Doreen McBride, Alla Nakonechna, Javier Ortiz de Frutos, Christina Proctor, Gordon Sussman, Carolyn Sweeney, Haijun Tian, Karsten Weller, Daniel Wolin, Maria-Magdalena Balp
BACKGROUND: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) can be debilitating, difficult to treat, and frustrating for patients and physicians. Real-world evidence for the burden of CSU is limited. The objective of this study was to document disease duration, treatment history, and disease activity, as well as impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and work among patients with inadequately controlled CSU, and to describe its humanistic, societal, and economic burden. METHODS: This international observational study assessed a cohort of 673 adult patients with CSU whose symptoms persisted for ≥12 months despite treatment...
May 19, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542552/osteoporosis-associated-vertebral-fractures-health-economic-implications
#14
Julian Joestl, Nikolaus Lang, Adam Bukaty, Thomas M Tiefenboeck, Patrick Platzer
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis-associated vertebral fractures represent an increasing clinical and public health problem, one with important socioeconomic effects within western countries. The purpose of this study was to analyse demographic, medical, gender and socioeconomic aspects of osteoporotic vertebral fractures of the thoracic or lumbar spine over a period of at least 10-years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Included for analysis were 694 patients who had suffered a vertebral fracture due to primary or secondary osteoporosis, and who were treated at our Level-I trauma center between 2000 and 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541531/the-affordability-of-minimally-invasive-procedures-in-major-lung-resection-a-prospective-study
#15
Henri Gondé, Marc Laurent, André Gillibert, Omar-Matthieu Sarsam, Rémi Varin, Gaël Grimandi, Christophe Peillon, Jean-Marc Baste
OBJECTIVES: Minimally invasive procedures are used for the surgical treatment of lung cancer. Two techniques are proposed: video-assisted thoracic surgery or robotic-assisted thoracic surgery. Our goal was to study the economic impact of our long-standing program for minimally invasive procedures for major lung resection. METHODS: We conducted a single-centre, 1-year prospective cost study. Patients who underwent lobectomy or segmentectomy were included. Patient characteristics and perioperative outcomes were collected...
May 25, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541234/psychiatric-specialty-training-in-greece
#16
EDITORIAL
M Margariti, V Kontaxakis, D Ploumpidis
The reform and development of psychiatric services require, in addition to financial resources, reserves in specialized human resources. The role of psychiatrists in this process, and at reducing the consequences of mental morbidity is evident. Psychiatrists are required to play a multifaceted role as clinicians, as experts in multidisciplinary team environments and as advisors in the recognition of public needs in mental health issues, as teachers and mentors for students and other health professionals, as researchers in order to enrich our knowledge in the scientific field of psychiatry, and as public health specialists in the development of the mental health services system...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540224/erectile-dysfunction-therapy-in-countries-where-implant-is-economically-not-feasible
#17
REVIEW
Adrián M Garza-Gangemi, Mariano Sotomayor-de Zavaleta
Erectile dysfunction (ED), a frequent complaint in the primary care setting, is strongly associated with obesity, cigarette smoking and other common cardiovascular risk factors like hypertension, diabetes mellitus (DM), lipid disorders and the metabolic syndrome. The prevalence of these cardiovascular disorders is rising at staggering rates in most Latin American countries. ED is a symptom that mainly affects economically productive men (40-70 years of age) potentially causing major psychosocial repercussions and reduced quality of life...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540220/female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-africa
#18
REVIEW
Akin-Tunde A Odukogbe, Bosede B Afolabi, Oluwasomidoyin O Bello, Ayodeji S Adeyanju
Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a traditional practice in which the external female genitalia is partially or totally incised or excised for a non-therapeutic reason, usually without the consent of the individual. FGM/C is common in Africa with varying prevalence in different countries, though the incidence is reducing because it is considered a human rights issue with tremendous advocacy for its elimination by mainly nongovernmental organizations. It is mainly underreported in many countries in Africa especially where it has been declared illegal...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539865/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-prevalence-among-school-teachers-of-saudi-arabia-and-its-impact-on-their-daily-life-activities
#19
Abdulrahman Mohammed Altwigry, Majed Saud Almutairi, Masood Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most common upper gastrointestinal disorder encountered in the elderly patient. It is highly prevalent worldwide with a prevalence of 10-20% in the western world. The health-related quality of life (HRQL) is lower in individuals with GERD than in the general population and is comparable to that in individuals with other chronic diseases. It has a considerable impact on the quality of the patient's life through its symptoms and economically by following consultation procedures and medical care...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539192/shared-decision-making-and-the-promise-of-a-respectful-and-equitable-healthcare-system-in-peru
#20
Germán Málaga, Zoila O Romero, Ariana S Málaga, Sofia Cuba-Fuentes
Peru has achieved sustained development in the last two decades. However, despite this achievement, it has not been matched with improvements in the quality of education and health; investment in both sectors is among the lowest in the region. This situation perpetuates huge gaps in infrastructure and also conditions a poor literacy level of the population specifically in health. Currently, there is a fragmented model of patient care, in which the systems are exclusive of each other. They do not cooperate or communicate with each other; and if there is no vertical communication within the system, preventing referral of patients directly from the basic level to the complex level of care when needed...
May 20, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
keyword
keyword
20340
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"