Read by QxMD icon Read

Ante partum

Pamela Oetting-Neumann, Karl Rohn, Martina Hoedemaker
OBJECTIVE: Determination of the frequency of subclinical hypocalcaemia, increased lipomobilisation and subclinical ketosis as problems in dairy herds and identification of possible risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Information was obtained from 51 dairy farms on husbandry, feeding, management of the cows and heifers, animal health and prophylactic treatments using a questionnaire. Blood samples from 20% of the cows and 30% of the heifers of each farm (= herd sample) were collected in the week ante partum (a...
February 2018: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
Jorge Román Corona-Rivera, Lucina Bobadilla-Morales, Alfredo Corona-Rivera, Christian Peña-Padilla, Sandra Olvera-Molina, Miriam A Orozco-Martín, Diana García-Cruz, Izabel M Ríos-Flores, Brian Gabriel Gómez-Rodríguez, Gemma Rivas-Soto, J Jesús Pérez-Molina
We determined the overall prevalence of typical orofacial clefts (OFCs) and the potential risks for nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without palate (NSCL±P) in a University Hospital from west México. For the prevalence, 227 live born infants with typical OFCs were included from a total of 81,193 births occurred during the period 2009 to 2016 at the 'Dr. Juan I. Menchaca' Civil Hospital of Guadalajara (Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico). To evaluate potential risks, a case-control study was conducted among 420 newborns, including only those 105 patients with NSCL±P (cases), and 315 infants without birth defects (controls)...
February 19, 2018: Congenital Anomalies
J Walraph, V Zoche-Golob, J Weber, M Freick
In cattle, indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) tests are commonly used in serological routine diagnostics. In a longitudinal study design, changes in relative optical density (OD) from drying-off until week 11 after calving were analyzed in blood and milk samples from pluriparous dairy cows (n=21) using a commercial indirect anti-C. burnetii ELISA test. In a second part of this study, changes over time were evaluated in blood and milk samples of 11 of these cows in an indirect ELISA detecting anti-Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) antibodies...
January 27, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
Jai Prakash, Vivek C Ganiger, Suraj Prakash, Mohammad Iqbal, Deba Prasad Kar, Usha Singh, Ashish Verma
INTRODUCTION: There are numerous reports in the literature describing acute kidney injury in pregnancy (P-AKI) due to various obstetric complications. However, there is a dearth of studies on AKI related to pregnancy-specific disorders from India. We aimed to analyze clinical features and outcome of P-AKI related to pregnancy-specific disorders compared to total pregnancy, in India. METHOD: All pregnant women attending the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology from November 2014 to July 2016 were screened for AKI based on: (1) sudden elevation of serum creatinine ≥ 1 mg/dl; (2) oligoanuria for > 12 h; and (3) need for dialysis...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Nephrology
Ahmad Mahran, Hashem Fares, Reham Elkhateeb, Mahmoud Ibrahim, Haitham Bahaa, Ahmad Sanad, Alaa Gamal, Mohamed Zeeneldin, Eissa Khalifa, Ahmed Abdelghany
BACKGROUND: Eclampsia is a major cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in low and middle income countries. The aim of this study was to assess the risk factors and maternal and perinatal outcome in patients with eclampsia in order to get reliable data that helps in reducing the incidence and improving the outcome in an area with high incidence of eclampsia. METHODS: Retrospective study including 250 patients diagnosed with eclampsia at Minia Maternity University Hopsital, Minia, Egypt in the period between January 2013 and December 2014...
December 22, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
J Kajendran, G R Silva, S K Ranaraja
Introduction: Obstetric haemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal mortality worldwide and in most cases it relates to uterine atony. Even though an oxytocin bolus is used routinely, additional infusion of oxytocin may be required if haemorrhage occurs. Objectives: To compare the effects of 20 IU oxytocin infusion and 5 IU bolus with 5 IU bolus and 500ml normal saline on the control of blood loss in antepartum lower segment caesarean section. Methods: A double-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted in the Teaching Hospital, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka...
September 30, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
S Schäfers, U Meyer, D von Soosten, L Hüther, C Drong, K Eder, E Most, A Tröscher, W Pelletier, A Zeyner, S Dänicke
The objective of this trial was to investigate the influences of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and vitamin E (Vit. E) and their interactions on fatty acid composition and vitamins in milk (α-tocopherol, retinol and β-carotene) as well as on α-tocopherol in blood of pluriparous cows from week 6 ante partum until week 10 post-partum (p.p.). We assigned 59 pluriparous German Holstein cows to four treatment groups with the treatment factors CLA and Vit. E at two levels in a 2 × 2 factorial design. Milk fatty acid composition and milk vitamins were analysed on lactation days 7 and 28...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Meharun-Nissa Khaskheli, Shahla Baloch, Aneela Sheeba, Sarmad Baloch, Fahad Khan, Mohammad Rafique Ansari
OBJECTIVE: To observe the impact of acute renal morbidities with obstetrical emergencies on maternal health. METHODS: In this study pregnant women between 28-40 weeks gestational period and delivered women in their puerperal period up to 42 days after delivery having acute renal problems associated with obstetrical emergencies were included. Pregnant and delivered women with obstetrical emergencies and associated other morbidities were excluded. These women were registered on the predesigned proforma after taking written informed consent and taking approval from institutional ethic research committee...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Sandhya Ramesh Babu, Rachel McDermott, Irum Farooq, David Le Blanc, Wendy Ferguson, Naomi McCallion, Richard Drew, Maeve Eogan
This pilot study assessed the diagnostic accuracy and potential impact of a rapid PCR-based screening test for the detection of group B Streptococcus (GBS) at the onset of labour for the purpose of optimising intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP). Vaginal and rectal swabs from a convenience sample of 158 women were analysed by conventional broth-enriched culture and a rapid PCR test. Overall, GBS carriage was 18.98% by culture and 19.62% by PCR. PCR for the detection of GBS had a sensitivity of 93.1%, specificity of 96...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
T Perruchoud, A Maeschli, H Bachmann, M Walkenhorst, G Schüpbach, M Mevissen, P Zanolari
The aim of this study was to obtain the diagnostic, therapeutic and prophylactic approach among Swiss veterinary practitioners in cows with parturient hypocalcemia. All members of the Association for Ruminant Health were contacted per e-mail. The survey was completed by 108 (28%) of 393 that were contacted. According to the questionnaire responses, the typical presentation of a parturient paresis cow is a pluriparous middle-yielding dairy cow one day post-partum in sternal recumbency with normal consciousness...
June 2017: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
Martin Lankoande, Papougnezambo Bonkoungou, Sosthène Ouandaogo, Marcelin Dayamba, Ali Ouedraogo, Francis Veyckmans, Nazinigouba Ouédraogo
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage is the main cause of maternal death during pregnancy. This study aims to evaluate incidence and outcomes of Severe Ante Partum Hemorrhage (SAPH) during the third trimester of pregnancy prior to delivery. METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study with prospective data collection during 12 months in Yalgado Ouedraogo Hospital, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. In this context SAPH is specifically referring to Ante Partum Hemorrhage (APH) and Intra Partum Hemorrhage (IPH) in the 3rd trimester...
May 31, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
Joachim M Weitzel, Torsten Viergutz, Dirk Albrecht, Rupert Bruckmaier, Marion Schmicke, Armin Tuchscherer, Franziska Koch, Björn Kuhla
During the transition between late gestation and early lactation, dairy cows experience severe metabolic stress due to the high energy and nutrient requirements of the fetus and the mammary gland. Additional thermal stress that occurs with rising temperatures during the ongoing climate change has further adverse implications on energy intake, metabolism and welfare. The thyroid hormone (TH)-mediated cellular signaling has a pivotal role in regulation of body temperature, energy intake and metabolic adaptation to heat...
August 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
Laura Pieper, Fabian Schmidt, Anja-Elvira Müller, Rudolf Staufenbiel
OBJECTIVE: Zinc plays an important role in many body functions, including health and fertility. The assessment of the zinc supply can be performed using blood, urine and hair. The objective of this study was to establish reference values for herd analysis for the different sample media and stages of lactation in German dairy herds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of 1515 herds, which had been visited by the Clinic for Ruminant and Swine, Free University of Berlin, Germany, between 1995 and 2012 were analyzed...
August 10, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
Delia Bogdanet, Aoife M Egan, Catriona Reddin, Oratile Kgosidialwa, Breda Kirwan, Louise Carmody, Fidelma P Dunne
Introduction: Approximately 40% of women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) diagnosed using International Association of the Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) criteria require insulin therapy. Objective: We assessed whether the outcomes for women with GDM treated with insulin are comparable to women with normal glucose tolerance (NGT). Materials and Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 752 women with insulin-treated GDM and 2496 women with NGT during pregnancy...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
David Hanna, Michail Magarakis, William S Twaddell, H Richard Alexander, Susan B Kesmodel
INTRODUCTION: The clinical behavior of desmoid tumors can be unpredictable, particularly when they arise in the ante-partum or post-partum period. We present a case of an intra-abdominal desmoid tumor that was identified in the ante-partum period, progressed rapidly in the post-partum period, and was subsequently resected. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The patient is a 19 year-old female who was found to have a 12cm intra-abdominal mass on a fetal assessment ultrasound...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ranjit Kumar Dehury, Janmejaya Samal
INTRODUCTION: Maternal health constitutes the health of women during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period. Bihar and Madhya Pradesh (MP) constitute the Empowered Action Group (EAG) states under National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and are consistently having poor maternal health indicators. AIM: The main objective of this study was to assess the maternal health situation of Bihar and MP based on National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3) and 4 fact sheets...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Mahfuzar Rahman, Fakir Md Yunus, Rasheduzzaman Shah, Fatema Tuz Jhohura, Sabuj Kanti Mistry, Tasmeen Quayyum, Bachera Aktar, Kaosar Afsana
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the impact of the Improving Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Survival (IMNCS) project, which is being implemented by BRAC in rural communities in Bangladesh. METHODS: Four districts received program intervention i.e. trained community health workers to deliver essential maternal, neonatal, and child healthcare and nutrition services while two districts were treated as comparison group. A quasi-experimental study design (compared before-and-after) was undertaken...
2016: PloS One
Khakhu Tshilidzi Mathivha, Sithembiso Velaphi
BACKGROUND: Although the clinical features of infants with congenital tuberculosis (TB) are well established, the features of infants exposed to TB in utero including those who are non-infected, are not well reported. TB-exposed infants are at risk of developing TB post-delivery, and chemoprophylaxis, usually isoniazid, is therefore recommended. Isoniazid/rifampicin combined is an alternative, but little is known about its effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical features of infants exposed to TB in utero and the proportion who develop TB infection and disease despite chemoprophylaxis with a 3-month course of isoniazid/rifampicin...
May 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
Meharun-Nissa Khaskheli, Shahla Baloch, Aneela Sheeba, Sarmad Baloch, Fahad Khan Khaskheli
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of iron deficiency anaemia on the health and life of pregnant women. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Unit IV, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences Jamshoro from 1st June 2015 to 30(th) November 2015, for the period of 6 months. During this study period all the pregnant women from 13-40 weeks of pregnancy with iron deficiency anaemia having haemoglobin level less than 9 gram% were included, while the pregnant women with other medical disorders were excluded from the study...
May 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
X J Zhang, Y H Wang, S Gao, L Y Guo, H H Li, M Y Song
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between gestational glucose, lipid metabolism parameters and fetal distress. METHODS: Retrospectively, 82 cases of primipara with fetal distress and 246 cases of primipara without any obstetric complications were analyzed. The latter were treated as control group. All the patients were from the same hospital between January, 2014 and January, 2016. Factors as fasting plasma-glucose (FPG), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC),high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) parameters during early pregnancy, blood glucose of fasting, 1 hour and 2 hours in 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), at 24 to 28 weeks of gestation, hemoglobin and blood pressure parameters during ante partum were recorded for all the cases while parameters as glucose and lipid, hemoglobin, blood pressure and cesarean section rate were compared between the 2 groups...
June 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"