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Ante partum

Mahfuzar Rahman, Fakir Md Yunus, Rasheduzzaman Shah, Fatema Tuz Jhohura, Sabuj Kanti Mistry, Tasmeen Quayyum, Bachera Aktar, Kaosar Afsana
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the impact of the Improving Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Survival (IMNCS) project, which is being implemented by BRAC in rural communities in Bangladesh. METHODS: Four districts received program intervention i.e. trained community health workers to deliver essential maternal, neonatal, and child healthcare and nutrition services while two districts were treated as comparison group. A quasi-experimental study design (compared before-and-after) was undertaken...
2016: PloS One
Khakhu Tshilidzi Mathivha, Sithembiso Velaphi
BACKGROUND: Although the clinical features of infants with congenital tuberculosis (TB) are well established, the features of infants exposed to TB in utero including those who are non-infected, are not well reported. TB-exposed infants are at risk of developing TB post-delivery, and chemoprophylaxis, usually isoniazid, is therefore recommended. Isoniazid/rifampicin combined is an alternative, but little is known about its effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical features of infants exposed to TB in utero and the proportion who develop TB infection and disease despite chemoprophylaxis with a 3-month course of isoniazid/rifampicin...
July 26, 2016: Paediatrics and International Child Health
Meharun-Nissa Khaskheli, Shahla Baloch, Aneela Sheeba, Sarmad Baloch, Fahad Khan Khaskheli
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of iron deficiency anaemia on the health and life of pregnant women. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Unit IV, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences Jamshoro from 1st June 2015 to 30(th) November 2015, for the period of 6 months. During this study period all the pregnant women from 13-40 weeks of pregnancy with iron deficiency anaemia having haemoglobin level less than 9 gram% were included, while the pregnant women with other medical disorders were excluded from the study...
May 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
X J Zhang, Y H Wang, S Gao, L Y Guo, H H Li, M Y Song
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between gestational glucose, lipid metabolism parameters and fetal distress. METHODS: Retrospectively, 82 cases of primipara with fetal distress and 246 cases of primipara without any obstetric complications were analyzed. The latter were treated as control group. All the patients were from the same hospital between January, 2014 and January, 2016. Factors as fasting plasma-glucose (FPG), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC),high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) parameters during early pregnancy, blood glucose of fasting, 1 hour and 2 hours in 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), at 24 to 28 weeks of gestation, hemoglobin and blood pressure parameters during ante partum were recorded for all the cases while parameters as glucose and lipid, hemoglobin, blood pressure and cesarean section rate were compared between the 2 groups...
June 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Seema Gul, Saidul Abrar, Tanveer Jamal, Gul e Rana, Anam Majid, Madiha Iqbal
BACKGROUND: Ante partum haemorrhage remains to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality.30% of this haemorrhage is attributed to placental abruption. Along with other adverse maternal outcomes, it increases the risk of Caesarean sections in patients, which is a public health concern. This study was conducted to find out whether any significant association exists between placental abruption and C-section in our set up. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from July 26th, 2011 to May 1st, 2013 (i...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Minerva M Thame, Indira Singh-Minott, Clive Osmond, Roxanne H Melbourne-Chambers, Graham R Serjeant
OBJECTIVE: To assess pregnancy and fetal outcomes in Jamaican subjects with sickle cell-haemoglobin C (SC) disease. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review over 21 years (1992-2012) of all pregnancies in SC disease and a comparison group matched by gender and date of delivery in mothers with a normal haemoglobin (AA) phenotype at the University Hospital of the West Indies, Jamaica. There were 118 pregnancies in 81 patients with SC disease and 110 pregnancies in 110 in the normal comparison group...
August 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
M Fürll
UNLABELLED: Systematic metabolic monitoring began in German-speaking countries in the late 1960s, early 1970s, due to an increase in metabolic disorders as a cause of infertility and mastitis and aimed at their prevention through early diagnosis. Development of a unified monitoring standard: Initiated by Rossow, Gürtler, Ehrentraut, Seidel and Furcht a standard "metabolic monitoring in cattle production" was developed in the 1970s. It included farm analysis, clinical and biochemical controls, prophylaxis and follow-up controls...
2016: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
J Bothmann, F Magnus, W Hasseler, T Kossen, M Fürll
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate metabolic analyses on small dairy farms regarding indications, realization, and results over 5 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 793 serum samples (122 submissions from 53 farms) originating from cows of different lactation stages and from heifers, the parameters free fatty acids (FFA), β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), cholesterol, urea, creatinine, glucose, total protein, albumin, bilirubin, liver enzymes, creatine kinase (CK), β-carotene, electrolytes and trace elements were analyzed...
2016: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
R S Zbinden, M Falk, A Münger, F Dohme-Meier, H A van Dorland, R M Bruckmaier, J J Gross
Herbage feeding with only little input of concentrates plays an important role in milk production in grassland dominated countries like Switzerland. The objective was to investigate the effects of a solely herbage-based diet and level of milk production on performance, and variables related to the metabolic, endocrine and inflammatory status to estimate the stress imposed on dairy cows. Twenty-five multiparous Holstein cows were divided into a control (C+, n = 13) and a treatment group (C-, n = 12), according to their previous lactation yield (4679-10 808 kg) from week 3 ante partum until week 8 post-partum (p...
March 9, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Perrine Coste Mazeau, Sébastien Hantz, Jean-Luc Eyraud, Lorène Donadel, Aymeline Lacorre, Sylvie Rogez, Yves Aubard, Tristan Gauthier
INTRODUCTION: Q fever is an ubiquitous zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetii. Its tropism for the uterus is a potential source of obstetric complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We describe the obstetric consequences of Q fever diagnosed during pregnancy from a series of cases. When an antenatal diagnosis was made, antibiotic therapy with roxithromycin (Rulid(®)) was started until delivery. RESULTS: Between 2007 and 2012, 30 patients were treated for Q fever diagnosed during pregnancy, i...
August 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
C Furken, T Nakao, M Hoedemaker
OBJECTIVE: It was the purpose of this study to determine the effects of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) concentrations at different time periods of the transition period as well as lactation number on metabolism, health, reproduction and milk production in dairy cows. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This trial was conducted in a single dairy herd located in Northern Germany. Of the herd, which comprised 330 lactating Holstein cows housed in a free stall barn and fed a total mixed ration (TMR), 83 primiparous and multiparous cows were randomly selected...
2015: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
Nissim Arbib, Amir Aviram, Rinat Gabbay Ben-Ziv, Orly Sneh, Yariv Yogev, Eran Hadar
OBJECTIVE: To explore post-partum white blood cell (WBC) count, and possible factors affecting it. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis of 12 079 healthy women, delivering a singleton term fetus with an uncomplicated course of labor, delivery and puerperium. All women delivered in a single tertiary, university-affiliated medical center from 2009 to 2014. Student's t-test, Mann-Whitney's U-test, χ(2) test and ANOVA were used to compare between variables...
September 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
T Parveen, F Begum, N Akhter
Acute viral hepatitis is the most common cause of jaundice in pregnancy. Amongst hepatitis E bears a deadly combination with pregnancy, leading to loss of very young lives. There is almost no data available in this aspect documenting prevalence, profile and effect of jaundice on outcome of pregnancy in Bangladesh. This observational study was done to determine and analyze the frequency, cause and outcome of jaundice in pregnancy among the admitted patients in the feto-maternal medicine wing of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, for a 2 years period from August 2009 to July 2011...
July 2015: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Shingairai A Feresu, Siobán D Harlow, Godfrey B Woelk
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight (LBW) remains the main cause of mortality and morbidity in infants, and a problem in the care of pregnant women world-wide particularly in developing countries. The purpose of this study was to describe the socio-demographic, nutritional, reproductive, medical and obstetrical risk factors for delivering a live LBW infant at Harare Maternity Hospital, Zimbabwe. METHODS: A secondary data analysis from data obtained through a questionnaire and delivery records was conducted...
2015: PloS One
Jessica Bryant
The Specialist Weight Management Service (SWMS) Maternity Pathway was launched in January 2012 as a result of growing public health issues surrounding obesity and the production of NICE Guidelines for weight management before, during and after pregnancy (PH27). Our unique NHS service is aimed at pregnant women with a BMI>35 and supports them with introducing healthy lifestyle changes during pregnancy and safely minimising weight gain in this period. We also actively encourage service users to re-engage with the integrated SWMS pathway for up to 18months post-partum...
July 2014: Pregnancy Hypertension
Martina Kollmann, Jakob Gaulhofer, Uwe Lang, Philipp Klaritsch
OBJECTIVE: Aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence, potential risk factors and the respective outcomes of pregnancies with placenta praevia. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected from women diagnosed with placenta praevia in 10 Austrian hospitals in in the province of Styria between 1993 and 2012. We analyzed the incidence, potential risk factors and the respective outcomes of pregnancies with placenta praevia. Differences between women with major placenta praevia (complete or partial placenta praevia) and minor placenta praevia (marginal placenta praevia or low-lying placenta) were evaluated...
2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Ole Lamp, Michael Derno, Winfried Otten, Manfred Mielenz, Gerd Nürnberg, Björn Kuhla
High ambient temperatures have severe adverse effects on biological functions of high-yielding dairy cows. The metabolic adaption to heat stress was examined in 14 German Holsteins transition cows assigned to two groups, one heat-stressed (HS) and one pair-fed (PF) at the level of HS. After 6 days of thermoneutrality and ad libitum feeding (P1), cows were challenged for 6 days (P2) by heat stress (temperature humidity index (THI) = 76) or thermoneutral pair-feeding in climatic chambers 3 weeks ante partum and again 3 weeks post-partum...
2015: PloS One
Tomas Prior, Sailesh Kumar
Whilst most cases of cerebral palsy occur as a consequence of an ante-natal insult, a significant proportion, particularly in the term fetus, are attributable to intra-partum hypoxia. Intra-partum monitoring using continuous fetal heart rate assessment has led to an increased incidence of operative delivery without a concurrent reduction in the incidence of cerebral palsy. Despite this, birth asphyxia remains the strongest and most consistent risk factor for cerebral palsy in term infants. This review evaluates current intra-partum monitoring techniques as well as alternative approaches aimed at better identification of the fetus at risk of compromise in labour...
July 2015: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Nadine Paßlack, Wilfried Vahjen, Jürgen Zentek
BACKGROUND: Several studies have focused on the effects of dietary inulin on the intestinal microbiota of weaned piglets. In the present study, inulin was added to a diet for gestating and lactating sows, expecting not only effects on the faecal microbiota of sows, but also on the bacterial cell numbers in the gastrointestinal tract of their piglets during the suckling period. Sows were fed a diet without (n = 11) or with (n = 10) 3% inulin, and selected bacterial groups were determined in their faeces ante and post partum...
2015: BMC Veterinary Research
D K Gessner, E Most, G Schlegel, K Kupczyk, F J Schwarz, K Eder
This study was performed to investigate the hypothesis that supplementation of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) changes the concentrations of retinol and tocopherols in the milk of cows. To investigate this hypothesis, Holstein cows received daily from 3 weeks ante-partum to 14 weeks post-partum either 172 g of a CLA-free rumen-protected control fat (control group, n = 20) or the same amount of a rumen-protected CLA fat, supplying 4.3 g of cis-9, trans-11 CLA and 3.8 g of trans-10, cis-12 CLA per d (CLA group, n = 20)...
December 2015: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
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