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Ante partum

T Perruchoud, A Maeschli, H Bachmann, M Walkenhorst, G Schüpbach, M Mevissen, P Zanolari
The aim of this study was to obtain the diagnostic, therapeutic and prophylactic approach among Swiss veterinary practitioners in cows with parturient hypocalcemia. All members of the Association for Ruminant Health were contacted per e-mail. The survey was completed by 108 (28%) of 393 that were contacted. According to the questionnaire responses, the typical presentation of a parturient paresis cow is a pluriparous middle-yielding dairy cow one day post-partum in sternal recumbency with normal consciousness...
June 2017: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
Martin Lankoande, Papougnezambo Bonkoungou, Sosthène Ouandaogo, Marcelin Dayamba, Ali Ouedraogo, Francis Veyckmans, Nazinigouba Ouédraogo
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage is the main cause of maternal death during pregnancy. This study aims to evaluate incidence and outcomes of Severe Ante Partum Hemorrhage (SAPH) during the third trimester of pregnancy prior to delivery. METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study with prospective data collection during 12 months in Yalgado Ouedraogo Hospital, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. In this context SAPH is specifically referring to Ante Partum Hemorrhage (APH) and Intra Partum Hemorrhage (IPH) in the 3rd trimester...
May 31, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
Joachim Weitzel, Thorsten Viergutz, Dirk Albrecht, Rupert M Bruckmaier, Marion Schmicke, Armin Tuchscherer, Franziska Koch, Björn Kuhla
During the transition between late gestation and early lactation dairy cows experience severe metabolic stress due to the high energy and nutrient requirements of the fetus and the mammary gland. Additional thermal stress as occurring with rising temperatures during the ongoing climate change has further adverse implications on energy intake, metabolism and welfare. The thyroid hormone (TH)-mediated cellular signaling has a pivotal role in regulation of body temperature, energy intake and metabolic adaptation to heat...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
Laura Pieper, Fabian Schmidt, Anja-Elvira Müller, Rudolf Staufenbiel
OBJECTIVE: Zinc plays an important role in many body functions, including health and fertility. The assessment of the zinc supply can be performed using blood, urine and hair. The objective of this study was to establish reference values for herd analysis for the different sample media and stages of lactation in German dairy herds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of 1515 herds, which had been visited by the Clinic for Ruminant and Swine, Free University of Berlin, Germany, between 1995 and 2012 were analyzed...
May 8, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
Delia Bogdanet, Aoife M Egan, Catriona Reddin, Oratile Kgosidialwa, Breda Kirwan, Louise Carmody, Fidelma P Dunne
Introduction: Approximately 40% of women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) diagnosed using International Association of the Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) criteria require insulin therapy. Objective: We assessed whether the outcomes for women with GDM treated with insulin are comparable to women with normal glucose tolerance (NGT). Materials and Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 752 women with insulin-treated GDM and 2496 women with NGT during pregnancy...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
David Hanna, Michail Magarakis, William S Twaddell, H Richard Alexander, Susan B Kesmodel
INTRODUCTION: The clinical behavior of desmoid tumors can be unpredictable, particularly when they arise in the ante-partum or post-partum period. We present a case of an intra-abdominal desmoid tumor that was identified in the ante-partum period, progressed rapidly in the post-partum period, and was subsequently resected. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The patient is a 19 year-old female who was found to have a 12cm intra-abdominal mass on a fetal assessment ultrasound...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ranjit Kumar Dehury, Janmejaya Samal
INTRODUCTION: Maternal health constitutes the health of women during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period. Bihar and Madhya Pradesh (MP) constitute the Empowered Action Group (EAG) states under National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and are consistently having poor maternal health indicators. AIM: The main objective of this study was to assess the maternal health situation of Bihar and MP based on National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3) and 4 fact sheets...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Mahfuzar Rahman, Fakir Md Yunus, Rasheduzzaman Shah, Fatema Tuz Jhohura, Sabuj Kanti Mistry, Tasmeen Quayyum, Bachera Aktar, Kaosar Afsana
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the impact of the Improving Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Survival (IMNCS) project, which is being implemented by BRAC in rural communities in Bangladesh. METHODS: Four districts received program intervention i.e. trained community health workers to deliver essential maternal, neonatal, and child healthcare and nutrition services while two districts were treated as comparison group. A quasi-experimental study design (compared before-and-after) was undertaken...
2016: PloS One
Khakhu Tshilidzi Mathivha, Sithembiso Velaphi
BACKGROUND: Although the clinical features of infants with congenital tuberculosis (TB) are well established, the features of infants exposed to TB in utero including those who are non-infected, are not well reported. TB-exposed infants are at risk of developing TB post-delivery, and chemoprophylaxis, usually isoniazid, is therefore recommended. Isoniazid/rifampicin combined is an alternative, but little is known about its effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical features of infants exposed to TB in utero and the proportion who develop TB infection and disease despite chemoprophylaxis with a 3-month course of isoniazid/rifampicin...
May 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
Meharun-Nissa Khaskheli, Shahla Baloch, Aneela Sheeba, Sarmad Baloch, Fahad Khan Khaskheli
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of iron deficiency anaemia on the health and life of pregnant women. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Unit IV, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences Jamshoro from 1st June 2015 to 30(th) November 2015, for the period of 6 months. During this study period all the pregnant women from 13-40 weeks of pregnancy with iron deficiency anaemia having haemoglobin level less than 9 gram% were included, while the pregnant women with other medical disorders were excluded from the study...
May 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
X J Zhang, Y H Wang, S Gao, L Y Guo, H H Li, M Y Song
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between gestational glucose, lipid metabolism parameters and fetal distress. METHODS: Retrospectively, 82 cases of primipara with fetal distress and 246 cases of primipara without any obstetric complications were analyzed. The latter were treated as control group. All the patients were from the same hospital between January, 2014 and January, 2016. Factors as fasting plasma-glucose (FPG), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC),high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) parameters during early pregnancy, blood glucose of fasting, 1 hour and 2 hours in 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), at 24 to 28 weeks of gestation, hemoglobin and blood pressure parameters during ante partum were recorded for all the cases while parameters as glucose and lipid, hemoglobin, blood pressure and cesarean section rate were compared between the 2 groups...
June 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Seema Gul, Saidul Abrar, Tanveer Jamal, Gul e Rana, Anam Majid, Madiha Iqbal
BACKGROUND: Ante partum haemorrhage remains to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality.30% of this haemorrhage is attributed to placental abruption. Along with other adverse maternal outcomes, it increases the risk of Caesarean sections in patients, which is a public health concern. This study was conducted to find out whether any significant association exists between placental abruption and C-section in our set up. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from July 26th, 2011 to May 1st, 2013 (i...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Minerva M Thame, Indira Singh-Minott, Clive Osmond, Roxanne H Melbourne-Chambers, Graham R Serjeant
OBJECTIVE: To assess pregnancy and fetal outcomes in Jamaican subjects with sickle cell-haemoglobin C (SC) disease. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review over 21 years (1992-2012) of all pregnancies in SC disease and a comparison group matched by gender and date of delivery in mothers with a normal haemoglobin (AA) phenotype at the University Hospital of the West Indies, Jamaica. There were 118 pregnancies in 81 patients with SC disease and 110 pregnancies in 110 in the normal comparison group...
August 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
M Fürll
UNLABELLED: Systematic metabolic monitoring began in German-speaking countries in the late 1960s, early 1970s, due to an increase in metabolic disorders as a cause of infertility and mastitis and aimed at their prevention through early diagnosis. Development of a unified monitoring standard: Initiated by Rossow, Gürtler, Ehrentraut, Seidel and Furcht a standard "metabolic monitoring in cattle production" was developed in the 1970s. It included farm analysis, clinical and biochemical controls, prophylaxis and follow-up controls...
2016: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
J Bothmann, F Magnus, W Hasseler, T Kossen, M Fürll
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate metabolic analyses on small dairy farms regarding indications, realization, and results over 5 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 793 serum samples (122 submissions from 53 farms) originating from cows of different lactation stages and from heifers, the parameters free fatty acids (FFA), β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), cholesterol, urea, creatinine, glucose, total protein, albumin, bilirubin, liver enzymes, creatine kinase (CK), β-carotene, electrolytes and trace elements were analyzed...
2016: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
R S Zbinden, M Falk, A Münger, F Dohme-Meier, H A van Dorland, R M Bruckmaier, J J Gross
Herbage feeding with only little input of concentrates plays an important role in milk production in grassland dominated countries like Switzerland. The objective was to investigate the effects of a solely herbage-based diet and level of milk production on performance, and variables related to the metabolic, endocrine and inflammatory status to estimate the stress imposed on dairy cows. Twenty-five multiparous Holstein cows were divided into a control (C+, n = 13) and a treatment group (C-, n = 12), according to their previous lactation yield (4679-10 808 kg) from week 3 ante partum until week 8 post-partum (p...
March 9, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Perrine Coste Mazeau, Sébastien Hantz, Jean-Luc Eyraud, Lorène Donadel, Aymeline Lacorre, Sylvie Rogez, Yves Aubard, Tristan Gauthier
INTRODUCTION: Q fever is an ubiquitous zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetii. Its tropism for the uterus is a potential source of obstetric complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We describe the obstetric consequences of Q fever diagnosed during pregnancy from a series of cases. When an antenatal diagnosis was made, antibiotic therapy with roxithromycin (Rulid(®)) was started until delivery. RESULTS: Between 2007 and 2012, 30 patients were treated for Q fever diagnosed during pregnancy, i...
August 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
C Furken, T Nakao, M Hoedemaker
OBJECTIVE: It was the purpose of this study to determine the effects of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) concentrations at different time periods of the transition period as well as lactation number on metabolism, health, reproduction and milk production in dairy cows. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This trial was conducted in a single dairy herd located in Northern Germany. Of the herd, which comprised 330 lactating Holstein cows housed in a free stall barn and fed a total mixed ration (TMR), 83 primiparous and multiparous cows were randomly selected...
2015: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
Nissim Arbib, Amir Aviram, Rinat Gabbay Ben-Ziv, Orly Sneh, Yariv Yogev, Eran Hadar
OBJECTIVE: To explore post-partum white blood cell (WBC) count, and possible factors affecting it. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis of 12 079 healthy women, delivering a singleton term fetus with an uncomplicated course of labor, delivery and puerperium. All women delivered in a single tertiary, university-affiliated medical center from 2009 to 2014. Student's t-test, Mann-Whitney's U-test, χ(2) test and ANOVA were used to compare between variables...
September 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
T Parveen, F Begum, N Akhter
Acute viral hepatitis is the most common cause of jaundice in pregnancy. Amongst hepatitis E bears a deadly combination with pregnancy, leading to loss of very young lives. There is almost no data available in this aspect documenting prevalence, profile and effect of jaundice on outcome of pregnancy in Bangladesh. This observational study was done to determine and analyze the frequency, cause and outcome of jaundice in pregnancy among the admitted patients in the feto-maternal medicine wing of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, for a 2 years period from August 2009 to July 2011...
July 2015: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
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