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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063811/emergence-of-colistin-resistance-in-enterobacter-aerogenes-from-croatia
#1
Branka Bedenić, Mirna Vranić-Ladavac, Carolina Venditti, Arjana Tambić-Andrašević, Nada Barišić, Marija Gužvinec, Natalie Karčić, Nicola Petrosillo, Ranko Ladavac, Antonino di Caro
A colistin-resistant Enterobacter aerogenes [study code 12264] was isolated from the tracheal aspirate of a 71-year-old male patient in the General Hospital [GH] in Pula, Croatia. The patient was previously treated in University Hospital Centre in Rijeka with colistin in order to eradicate Acinetobacter baumannii isolate, susceptible only to colistin and tigecycline. Genes encoding ESBLs [blaTEM, blaSHV, blaCTX-M, blaPER-1] were screened by PCR. The strain was shown to possess blaCTX-M-15 and blaTEM-1 genes...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017452/whole-genome-sequencing-for-the-molecular-characterization-of-carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-strains-isolated-at-the-italian-asst-fatebenefratelli-sacco-hospital-2012-2014
#2
Sara Giordana Rimoldi, Bernardina Gentile, Cristina Pagani, Annamaria Di Gregorio, Anna Anselmo, Anna Maria Palozzi, Antonella Fortunato, Valentina Pittiglio, Anna Lisa Ridolfo, Maria Rita Gismondo, Giuliano Rizzardini, Florigio Lista
BACKGROUND: The emergence of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains is threatening antimicrobial treatment. METHODS: Sixty-eight carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae strains isolated at Luigi Sacco University Hospital-ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco (Milan, Italy) between 2012 and 2014 were characterised microbiologically and molecularly. They were tested for drug susceptibility and carbapenemase phenotypes, investigated by means of repetitive extra-genic palindromic polymerase chain reaction (REP-PCR), and fully sequenced by means of next-generation sequencing for the in silico analysis of multi-locus sequence typing (MLST), their resistome, virulome and plasmid content, and their core single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotypes...
October 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992919/genotypic-and-epidemiologic-characterization-of-extended-spectrum-cephalosporin-resistant-salmonella-enterica-from-us-beef-feedlots
#3
D F Mollenkopf, D A Mathys, D A Dargatz, M M Erdman, G G Habing, J B Daniels, T E Wittum
In the US, nontyphoidal Salmonellae are a common foodborne zoonotic pathogen causing gastroenteritis. Invasive Salmonella infections caused by extended-spectrum cephalosporin resistant (ESCR) phenotypes are more likely to result in treatment failure and adverse health outcomes, especially in severe pediatric Salmonella infections where the extended-spectrum β-lactams are the therapy of choice. To examine the genetic and epidemiologic characteristics of ESCR Salmonellae which may enter the food chain, we characterized 44 ceftiofur-resistant Salmonella isolates from the National Animal Health Monitoring System (NAHMS) 2011 beef cattle feedlot health and management study...
October 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837314/thieno-3-2-b-pyrrolo-fused-pentacyclic-benzotriazole-based-acceptor-for-efficient-organic-photovoltaics
#4
Liuliu Feng, Jun Yuan, Zhenzhen Zhang, Hongjian Peng, Zhi-Guo Zhang, Shutao Xu, Ye Liu, Yongfang Li, Yingping Zou
A novel nonfullerene small molecular acceptor (BZIC) based on a ladder-type thieno[3,2-b]pyrrolo-fused pentacyclic benzotriazole core (dithieno[3,2-b]pyrrolobenzotriazole, BZTP) and end-capped with 1,1-dicyanomethylene-3-indanone (INCN) has been first reported in this work. Through introducing multifused benzotriazole and INCN, BZIC could maintain a high-lying lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy level of -3.88 eV. Moreover, BZIC shows a low optical bandgap of 1.45 eV with broad and efficient absorption band from 600 to 850 nm due to increased π-π interactions by the covalently locking thiophene and benzotriazole units...
September 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830739/molecular-bases-for-multidrug-resistance-in-yersinia-pseudotuberculosis
#5
Nicolas Cabanel, Marc Galimand, Christiane Bouchier, Margarita Chesnokova, Valery Klimov, Elisabeth Carniel
The enteropathogen Yersinia pseudotuberculosis causes gastrointestinal infections in humans. Although this species is usually susceptible to antibiotics active against Gram-negative bacteria, we identified three multidrug resistant (MDR) strains of Y. pseudotuberculosis that were isolated from the environment in Russia and from a patient in France. The resistance traits of the two Russian isolates were transferable at high frequencies (≈2×10(-1)/donor CFU) to Y. pseudotuberculosis. In contrast no transfer of the antibiotic resistances carried by the French strain was observed...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802274/horizontal-dissemination-of-antimicrobial-resistance-determinants-in-multiple-salmonella-serotypes-following-isolation-from-the-commercial-swine-operation-environment-after-manure-application
#6
Suchawan Pornsukarom, Siddhartha Thakur
The aim of this study was to characterize the plasmids carrying antimicrobial resistance (AMR) determinants in multiple Salmonella serotypes recovered from the commercial swine farm environment after manure application on land. Manure and soil samples were collected on day 0 before and after manure application on six farms in North Carolina, and sequential soil samples were recollected on days 7, 14, and 21 from the same plots. All environmental samples were processed for Salmonella, and their plasmid contents were further characterized...
October 15, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801276/transferability-of-antimicrobial-resistance-from-multidrug-resistant-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-cattle-in-the-usa-to-e-coli-and-salmonella-newport-recipients
#7
T L Poole, T R Callaway, K N Norman, H M Scott, G H Loneragan, S A Ison, R C Beier, D M Harhay, B Norby, D J Nisbet
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate conjugative transfer of cephalosporin resistance among 100 strains of multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli (MDRE) to Salmonella enterica serotype Newport and E. coli DH5α recipients. METHODS: Phenotypic and genotypic profiles were determined for MDRE as well as for Salmonella Newport (trSN) and E. coli DH5α (trDH) transconjugants. RESULTS: Of 95 MDRE donor isolates, 26 (27%) and 27 (28%) transferred resistance to trSN and trDH recipients, respectively...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675932/push-pull-type-non-fullerene-acceptors-for-polymer-solar-cells-effect-of-the-donor-core
#8
Zhenjing Kang, Shan-Ci Chen, Yunlong Ma, Jianbin Wang, Qingdong Zheng
There has been a growing interest in the design and synthesis of non-fullerene acceptors for organic solar cells that may overcome the drawbacks of the traditional fullerene-based acceptors. Herein, two novel push-pull (acceptor-donor-acceptor) type small-molecule acceptors, that is, ITDI and CDTDI, with indenothiophene and cyclopentadithiophene as the core units and 2-(3-oxo-2,3-dihydroinden-1-ylidene)malononitrile (INCN) as the end-capping units, are designed and synthesized for non-fullerene polymer solar cells (PSCs)...
July 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674063/first-report-of-klebsiella-oxytoca-strain-simultaneously-producing-ndm-1-imp-4-and-kpc-2-carbapenemases
#9
Juan Wang, Min Yuan, Hai Chen, Xia Chen, Yuanchun Jia, Xiong Zhu, Li Bai, Xue Bai, Séamus Fanning, Jinxing Lu, Juan Li
The nucleotide sequences of five plasmids from one Klebsiella oxytoca isolate were determined using the PacBio RS II system. Plasmid analysis revealed that blaNDM-1 was carried on an IncX3 plasmid. The blaIMP-4 and blaKPC-2 genes were located on IncN and IncP-6 plasmids, respectively. Comparative sequence analysis highlighted the successful spread of carbapenemase-harboring plasmids among different enterobacterial species. We report for the first time, to our knowledge, coproducing NDM-1, KPC-2, and IMP-4 carbapenemases on a K...
September 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674050/plasmids-of-diverse-inc-groups-disseminate-the-fosfomycin-resistance-gene-fosa3-among-escherichia-coli-isolates-from-pigs-chickens-and-dairy-cows-in-northeast-china
#10
Xiu-Mei Wang, Zhimin Dong, Stefan Schwarz, Yao Zhu, Xin Hua, Yanhe Zhang, Siguo Liu, Wan-Jiang Zhang
Thirty-nine fosfomycin-resistant Escherichia coli isolates carrying fosA3 were obtained from pigs, chickens, dairy cows, and staff in four northeastern provinces of China between June 2015 and April 2016. The fosA3 gene was colocated with blaCTX-M genes on conjugative plasmids of the incompatibility groups IncN (n = 12), IncN-F33:A(-):B(-)(n = 2), IncF33:A(-):B(-)(n = 14), IncF14:A(-):B(-)(n = 2), and IncI1/sequence type 136 (ST136) (n = 9). Four different genetic contexts of fosA3 were detected among the 39 E...
September 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643490/characterization-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-genes-of-shigella-flexneri-isolates-with-fosfomycin-resistance-from-patients-in-china
#11
Yanyan Liu, Yue Cheng, Haifei Yang, Lifen Hu, Jun Cheng, Ying Ye, Jiabin Li
BACKGROUND: The emergence of fosfomycin resistance and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) genes is a serious threat to public health and a new challenge in shigellosis treatment. The purpose of this study was to identify fosfomycin resistance and characterize β-lactamase genes in fos-carrying isolates of Shigella flexneri from patients in China. METHODS: A total of 263 S. flexneri isolates were collected from 34 hospitals in the Anhui Province of China during September 2012-September 2015 and screened for fosA3, fosA, and fosC2 by PCR amplification and sequencing...
September 2017: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629366/molecular-characterization-of-clinical-imp-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolates-from-a-chinese-tertiary-hospital
#12
Kaisheng Lai, Yanning Ma, Ling Guo, Jingna An, Liyan Ye, Jiyong Yang
BACKGROUND: IMP-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (IMPKpn) exhibits sporadic prevalence in China. The mechanisms related to the spread of IMPKpn remain unclear. METHODS: Carbapenem non-susceptible K. pneumoniae isolates were collected from our hospital. The genetic relatedness, antimicrobial susceptibility, as well as sequence types (ST) were analyzed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), VITEK 2 AST test Kit, and multilocus sequence typing (MLST), respectively...
June 19, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458208/international-high-risk-clones-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-kpc-2-cc258-and-escherichia-coli-ctx-m-15-cc10-in-urban-lake-waters
#13
Tatiane Nascimento, Rodrigo Cantamessa, Luana Melo, Miriam R Fernandes, Edmir Fraga, Milena Dropa, Maria I Z Sato, Louise Cerdeira, Nilton Lincopan
The emergence of high-risk clones of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria in aquatic environments has generated an important public health problem, creating an urgent need to strengthen surveillance. This study reports the occurrence of clinically significant MDR Enterobacteriaceae and non-fermentative bacteria carrying carbapenemases (KPC-2), extended-spectrum β-lactamases (CTX-M) and plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) genes in urban lakes and reservoirs, in Southeastern Brazil. In this regard, the detection of hospital-associated lineages of KPC-2-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae belonging to the international clonal complex CC258 (ST11) and CTX-M-15-producing Escherichia coli belonging to the international CC10 (ST617), in an urban lake, is reported for the first time...
November 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446899/clonal-spread-of-16s-rrna-methyltransferase-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-st37-with-high-prevalence-of-esbls-from-companion-animals-in-china
#14
Jing Xia, Liang-Xing Fang, Ke Cheng, Guo-Hao Xu, Xi-Ran Wang, Xiao-Ping Liao, Ya-Hong Liu, Jian Sun
We screened 30 Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates from dogs and cats at a single animal hospital in Guangdong Province, China. Among them, 12 K. pneumoniae strains possessed high-level resistance to amikacin and gentamicin and these were screened for 16S rRNA methyltransferase (16S-RMTase) genes. And then the genes positive isolates were detected for ESBLs (extended spectrum β-lactamases) and analyzed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, multilocus sequence typing, PCR-based replicon typing and plasmid analysis...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364731/clonal-diversity-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-isolates-in-fecal-samples-of-wild-animals
#15
Filipe Cristóvão, Carla Andrea Alonso, Gilberto Igrejas, Margarida Sousa, Vanessa Silva, José Eduardo Pereira, Carmen Lozano, Gerardo Cortés-Cortés, Carmen Torres, Patrícia Poeta
The clonal diversity of extended-spectrum-β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli isolates from nine different species of wild animals from distinct regions of Portugal and Spain and their content in replicon plasmids were analyzed. Among the initial 53 ESBL-producing E. coli isolates that were studied (from previous studies), 28 were selected, corresponding to different animal origins with distinct ESBL types and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) patterns. These 28 isolates produced different ESBLs ascribed to the following families: CTX-M, SHV and TEM...
March 1, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333298/occurrence-and-molecular-characteristics-of-esbl-ampc-producing-escherichia-coli-in-faecal-samples-from-horses-in-an-equine-clinic
#16
Ilias Apostolakos, Eelco Franz, Angela H A M van Hoek, Alice Florijn, Christiaan Veenman, Marianne M Sloet-van Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan, Cindy Dierikx, Engeline van Duijkeren
Objectives: To investigate the occurrence and characteristics of ESBL/AmpC-producing Escherichia coli in faecal samples from horses at one equine clinic in the Netherlands. Methods: A total of 91 horses, including residents and patients, were sampled. ESBL/AmpC-producing E. coli were identified by a combination disc diffusion test. Phylogenetic groups and MLST were determined. ESBL/AmpC genes were analysed using PCR and sequencing. Plasmids were characterized by transformation and PCR-based replicon typing...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167551/genomic-characterization-of-two-kpc-producing-klebsiella-isolates-collected-in-1997-in-new-york-city
#17
Brandon Eilertson, Liang Chen, Kalyan D Chavda, Barry N Kreiswirth
Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing Enterobacteriaceae have now become a global public health threat. However, the origin of this pandemic and the characterization of pre-2003 blaKPC-harboring plasmids remain unknown. Here we used next-generation sequencing to characterize two KPC-2-producing K. pneumoniae and Kmichiganensis isolates collected from a New York City hospital in 1997. Although identified in two different Klebsiella species, the blaKPC-2 gene was harbored by Tn4401b transposons on two highly similar IncN plasmids...
April 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161293/molecular-epidemiology-of-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-a-primary-care-hospital-in-japan-2010-2013
#18
Yuki Ohno, Akihiro Nakamura, Eriko Hashimoto, Hiroko Matsutani, Noriyuki Abe, Saori Fukuda, Kohno Hisashi, Masaru Komatsu, Fumihiko Nakamura
Recently, carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) have been spreading worldwide and have become a threat in healthcare systems. We investigated the isolation frequency and molecular epidemiological characteristics of CPE isolated from clinical samples collected at a primary care hospital over the four years of 2010-2013 in Japan. CPE were detected in 17 (0.34%) of 4875 isolates by the broth microdilution method, sodium mercaptoacetate inhibition test, and modified Hodge test using meropenem disks. The frequency of CPE isolates was 0...
April 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796645/spread-and-exchange-of-bla-ndm-1-in-hospitalized-neonates-role-of-mobilizable-genetic-elements
#19
S Datta, S Mitra, P Chattopadhyay, T Som, S Mukherjee, S Basu
To investigate the mobilizable elements associated with bla NDM-1 in Enterobacteriaceae isolated from septicaemic neonates at a NICU in India, during December, 2008-2011. An attempt was also made to understand whether there was a pattern in the temporal acquisition of bla NDM-1 within the unit. Transferability of carbapenem resistance was tested by conjugation and transformation. Plasmid types and addiction systems were analysed. The genetic background of bla NDM-1 and association with class 1 integron were evaluated by PCR mapping...
February 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667823/ndm-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-a-chinese-hospital-2014-2015-identification-of-ndm-producing-citrobacterwerkmanii-and-acquisition-of-blandm-1-carrying-plasmid-in-vivo-in-a-clinical-escherichia-coli-isolate
#20
Jingna An, Ling Guo, Lin Zhou, Yanning Ma, Yanping Luo, Chuanmin Tao, Jiyong Yang
New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase (NDM)-producing Enterobacteriaceae (NPE) shows prevalence in China. Little is known about the mechanisms related to the spread of NPE. Recently, a total of 51 non-duplicated NPE isolates were collected from a tertiary-care hospital in China and analysed for genetic relatedness by PFGE, antimicrobial susceptibility by Etest and sequence type by multilocus sequence typing. S1-PFGE and Southern blot analysis or PCR amplification were used for plasmid profiling. Between 2014 and 2015, 22 Escherichia coli, 10 Klebsiella pneumoniae, 9 Enterobacter cloacae, 2 Enterobacter aerogenes, 3 Providencia rettgeri, 1 Klebsiella oxytoca, 1 Proteus mirabilis, 1 Citrobacter freundii, 1 Citrobacterwerkmanii and 1 Raoultella planticola were identified as NPE...
November 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
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