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Jingna An, Ling Guo, Lin Zhou, Yanning Ma, Yanping Luo, Chuanmin Tao, Jiyong Yang
NDM-producing Enterobacteriaceae (NPE) shows prevalence in China. Little is known about the mechanisms related to the spread of NPE. Recently, a total of 51 non-duplicated NPE isolates were collected from a tertiary-care hospital in China and analyzed for genetic relatedness by pulse-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), for antimicrobial susceptibility by E-test, and for sequence type (ST) by multilocus sequence typing. S1-PFGE and Southern blot analysis or PCR amplification were used for plasmid profiling. Between 2014 and 2015, 22 Escherichia coli, 10 Klebsiella pneumoniae, 9 Enterobacter cloacae, 2 E...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
Wei Feng, Dongsheng Zhou, Qian Wang, Wenbo Luo, Defu Zhang, Qiang Sun, Yigang Tong, Weijun Chen, Fengjun Sun, Peiyuan Xia
A total of 26 blaIMP-4-carrying strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae were isolated from 2009 to 2013 in a Chinese teaching hospital, and these strains can be assigned into multiple sequence types or allelic profiles as determined by multilocus sequence typing. Of these strains, P. aeruginosa P378 and K. pneumoniae 1220 harbor the IMP-4-encoding plasmids pP378-IMP and p1220-IMP, respectively, whose complete nucleotide sequences are determined to be genetically closely related to the IncN1-type plasmid pIMP-HZ1...
September 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
Vanesa García, Patricia García, Irene Rodríguez, Rosaura Rodicio, M Rosario Rodicio
pUO-SeVR1 is a resistance derivative of pSEV, the virulence plasmid specific of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis. It was first detected in a Spanish isolate involved in gastroenteritis, but closely related plasmids are widespread in highly invasive isolates originating from Africa. According to its nucleotide sequence, pUO-SeVR1 consists of 110,982bp with a GC content of 53.2%. It confers resistance to multiple antimicrobial agents and contains a wealth of mobile genetic elements, including 14 copies of IS26 which have played a major role in the evolution of the plasmid...
September 9, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Ya Wang, Wai-U Lo, Raymond Wai-Man Lai, Cindy Wing-Sze Tse, Rodney Allan Lee, Wei-Kwang Luk, Vincent Chi-Chung Cheng, Tak-Lun Que, Kin-Hung Chow, Pak-Leung Ho
OBJECTIVES: To characterize blaIMP-4-carrying plasmids originating from inpatients in Hong Kong. METHODS: Sixteen blaIMP-4-carrying plasmids identified among Enterobacteriaceae (nine Escherichia coli, four Klebsiella pneumoniae, two Citrobacter freundii and one Enterobacter cloacae) recovered from 15 patients were characterized. The isolates, collected during January 2010 to December 2013, were retrospectively investigated by plasmid sequencing, molecular and fitness studies...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Nicole Stoesser, Anna E Sheppard, Gisele Peirano, Robert Sebra, Tarah Lynch, Luke Anson, Andrew Kasarskis, Mary R Motyl, Derrick W Crook, Johann D Pitout
OXA-48-like enzymes have emerged as important extended-spectrum β-lactamases/carbapenemases in E. coli ST131. We report the structure of the first fully sequenced blaOXA-163 plasmid, and of two other blaOXA-48 plasmids in this lineage. blaOXA-163 was located on a 71kb IncN plasmid with other resistance genes. blaOXA-48 was present on IncL/M plasmids, genetically similar to other blaOXA-48 plasmid sequences, and consistent with inter-species/inter-lineage spread. The presence of blaOXA-48-like genes on epidemic plasmids in ST131 is of concern...
September 6, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Naveen Kumar Devanga Ragupathi, Dhiviya Prabaa Muthuirulandi Sethuvel, Baby Abirami Shankar, Elakkiya Munusamy, Shalini Anandan, Balaji Veeraraghavan
Enteric fever is a major cause of concern in developing countries across the globe. The primary choice of antibiotics remains fluoroquinolones, followed by cephalosporins. Resistance to third-generation cephalosporins is rarely reported in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi. This study reports the whole genome sequence of an S. Typhi isolate resistant to cefixime [minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC)=512μg/mL] by microbroth dilution. Interestingly, the isolate was negative for the cephalosporin resistance gene blaCTX-M by PCR, which is a known mechanism for higher cephalosporin resistance...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Birgit Wolters, Arum Widyasari-Mehta, Robert Kreuzig, Kornelia Smalla
Pig manures are frequently used as fertilizer or co-substrate in biogas plants (BGPs) and typically contain antibiotic residues (ARs), as well as bacteria carrying resistance genes (RGs) and mobile genetic elements (MGEs). A survey of manures from eight pig fattening and six pig breeding farms and digestates from eight BGPs in Lower Saxony, Germany was conducted to evaluate the link between antibiotic usage and ARs to RGs and MGEs present in organic fertilizers. In total, 11 different antibiotics belonging to six substance classes were applied in the farms investigated...
November 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Dongryeoul Bae, Ohgew Kweon, Ashraf A Khan
The objective of this study was to determine antimicrobial resistance and elucidate the resistance mechanism in nontyphoidal Salmonella enterica serovars isolated from food products imported into the United States from 2011 to 2013. Food products contaminated with antimicrobial-resistant nontyphoidal S. enterica were mainly imported from Taiwan, Indonesia, Vietnam, and China. PCR, DNA sequencing, and plasmid analyses were used to characterize antimicrobial resistance determinants. Twentythree of 110 S. enterica isolates were resistant to various antimicrobial classes, including β-lactam, aminoglycoside, phenicol, glycopeptide, sulfonamide, trimethoprim, and/or fluoroquinolone antimicrobial agents...
August 2016: Journal of Food Protection
Juan Wang, James F Gibbons, Kathleen McGrath, Li Bai, Fengqin Li, Finola C Leonard, Roger Stephan, Séamus Fanning
OBJECTIVES: To characterize ESBL-encoding Escherichia coli cultured from pigs and their plasmids carrying these genes following conjugation into recipient strains. METHODS: Six ESBL-producing E. coli were recovered from faecal samples taken from pigs along with a further isolate from the environment of a farrowing house on three pig farms in Ireland. These isolates were characterized by phylogenetic grouping, MLST and ESBL genotype analyses. Conjugation experiments were carried out in broth mating assays...
July 25, 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Carla Rodrigues, Jan Bavlovič, Elisabete Machado, José Amorim, Luísa Peixe, Ângela Novais
KPC-3-producing bacteria are endemic in many countries but only recently became apparent their wide distribution in different Portuguese hospitals. The aim of this study is to characterize genetic backgrounds associated with bla KPC-3 among Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates recently identified on non-hospitalized patients in Portugal. Twenty KPC-producing K. pneumoniae identified between October 2014 and November 2015 in three different community laboratories were characterized. Isolates were mainly from patients from long-term care facilities (n = 11) or nursing homes (n = 6), most of them (75%) previously hospitalized in different Portuguese hospitals...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Jia Du, Bin Li, Jianming Cao, Qing Wu, Huale Chen, Yuanbo Hou, En Zhang, Tieli Zhou
The emergence and dissemination of NDM-1 (New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1)-producing Enterobacteriaceae have resulted in a worldwide public health risk. This study described a high incidence and endemic spread of NDM-1-producing extensively drug-resistant Escherichia coli in a teaching hospital in Zhejiang province, China. We recovered six nonduplicated NDM-1-producing E. coli isolates from May 2014 to August 2014 with positive modified Hodge test and EDTA synergistic test. These isolates were highly resistant to β-lactam antimicrobials, aminoglycosides, and quinolones...
July 6, 2016: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
Amanda K Siqueira, Geovana B Michael, Daniela F Domingos, Mirtis M G Ferraz, Márcio G Ribeiro, Stefan Schwarz, Domingos S Leite
Escherichia coli is one of the major pathogens causing urinary tract infections (UTIs) and pyometra in dogs. The aims of this study were to investigate canine E. coli isolates for the presence of class 1 and 2 integrons by PCR/sequencing and to characterize these isolates and their integron-carrying plasmids. Isolates were characterized by phylotyping, XbaI-macrorestriction analysis and plasmid transfer experiments. Plasmids were analyzed by S1 nuclease-PFGE, replicon typing, conjugation and restriction analysis...
May 13, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
Daniela Jones-Dias, Vera Manageiro, Rafael Graça, Daniel A Sampaio, Teresa Albuquerque, Patrícia Themudo, Luís Vieira, Eugénia Ferreira, Lurdes Clemente, Manuela Caniça
Salmonella enterica and Escherichia coli can inhabit humans and animals from multiple origins. These bacteria are often associated with gastroenteritis in animals, being a frequent cause of resistant zoonotic infections. In fact, bacteria from animals can be transmitted to humans through the food chain and direct contact. In this study, we aimed to assess the antibiotic susceptibility of a collection of S. enterica and E. coli recovered from animals of different sources, performing a genomic comparison of the plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR)-producing isolates detected...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Jing Xia, Jian Sun, Ke Cheng, Liang Li, Liang-Xing Fang, Meng-Ting Zou, Xiao-Ping Liao, Ya-Hong Liu
A total of 963 non-duplicate Escherichia coli strains isolated from food-producing animals between 2002 and 2012 were screened for the presence of the 16S rRNA methyltransferase genes. Among the positive isolates, resistance determinants to extended spectrum β-lactamases, plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance genes as well as floR and fosA/A3/C2 were detected using PCR analysis. These isolates were further subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing, molecular typing, PCR-based plasmid replicon typing and plasmid analysis...
May 30, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
Joana Mourão, Sara Marçal, Paula Ramos, Joana Campos, Jorge Machado, Luísa Peixe, Carla Novais, Patrícia Antunes
OBJECTIVES: Factors driving the expansion of particular MDR Salmonella serotypes/clones are not completely understood. We assessed if emergent MDR Salmonella serotypes/clones were more enriched in metal tolerance genes (e.g. to Cu/Ag) than other less frequent ones, as an additional feature to survive in environments contaminated with metals. METHODS: Metal (Cu pco/Ag,Cu sil/Hg mer/As ars/Te ter) tolerance genes screening (PCR/sequencing), MICs of CuSO4/AgNO3 (aerobiosis/anaerobiosis), genetic element characterization (S1/I-CeuI PFGE) and conjugation assays were performed in a well-characterized Salmonella collection (n = 275 isolates; 2000-14; 49 serotypes/clones)...
August 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Kalyan D Chavda, Liang Chen, Michael R Jacobs, Robert A Bonomo, Barry N Kreiswirth
The emergence and spread of Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) among Enterobacteriaceae presents a major public health threat to the world. Although not as common as in K. pneumoniae, KPC is also found in Escherichia coli strains. Here, we genetically characterized 9 carbapenem-resistant E. coli strains isolated from six hospitals in the United States and completely sequenced their blaKPC-harboring plasmids. The nine strains were isolated from different geographical locations and belonged to 8 different E...
July 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Amos Adler, Efrat Khabra, Svetlana Paikin, Yehuda Carmeli
OBJECTIVES: In addition to the global spread of the KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (KPC-KP) clonal complex (CC)-258 clone, the blaKPC gene may also spread by horizontal gene transfer (HGT), as suspected when more than one KPC-producing Enterobacteriaceae (KPC-Ent) species are isolated in a single patient. We aimed to characterize the incidence and molecular features of KPC-KP that were isolated alone (singular KPC-KP) versus KPC-KP that were isolated together with another KPC-Ent species (joint KPC-KP)...
August 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Wen-Hui Zhang, Xiang-Yan Lin, Liang Xu, Xi-Xi Gu, Ling Yang, Wan Li, Si-Qi Ren, Ya-Hong Liu, Zhen-Ling Zeng, Hong-Xia Jiang
Salmonella spp. is one of the most important food-borne pathogens causing digestive tract and invasive infections in both humans and animals. Extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) especially the CTX-M-type ESBLs are increasingly being reported worldwide and in China. These studies seldom focused on Salmonella isolates from food-producing animals. The aim of this study was to characterize the antimicrobial resistance profiles, serotypes and ESBLs and in particular, CTX-M producing Salmonella isolates from chickens and pigs in China...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
C A Alonso, D González-Barrio, Carmen Tenorio, F Ruiz-Fons, C Torres
Eighty-nine Escherichia coli isolates recovered from faeces of red deer and small mammals, cohabiting the same area, were analyzed to determine the prevalence and mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance and molecular typing. Antimicrobial resistance was detected in 6.7% of isolates, with resistances to tetracycline and quinolones being the most common. An E. coli strain carrying blaCTX-M-1 as well as other antibiotic resistant genes included in an unusual class 1 integron (Intl1-dfrA16-blaPSE-1-aadA2-cmlA1-aadA1-qacH-IS440-sul3-orf1-mef(B)Δ-IS26) was isolated from a deer...
April 2016: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Liam Burke, Hilary Humphreys, Deirdre Fitzgerald-Hughes
In view of continued high clinical prevalence of infections involving extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli, this study sought to characterise the blaCTX-M genes, their associated mobile genetic elements and the integrons present in 100 ESBL-producing E. coli isolates collected in a Dublin hospital and associated community healthcare facilities. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) mapping and sequencing was used to detect blaCTX-M alleles, their associated insertion sequences (ISs) and class 1 and 2 integrons in the collection...
March 22, 2016: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
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