keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

PTSD treatment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331697/longitudinal-trajectories-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-after-birth-and-associated-risk-factors
#1
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
BACKGROUND: Although longitudinal trajectories of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are well-established in general trauma populations, very little is known about the trajectories of birth-related PTSD. This study aimed to identify trajectories of birth-related PTSD; determine factors associated with each trajectory; and identify women more likely to develop birth-related PTSD. METHOD: 226 women who had traumatic childbirth according to DSM-IV criterion A were drawn from a community sample of 950 women...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330769/comorbid-insomnia-and-sleep-apnea-in-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#2
Ali A El-Solh, David Adamo, Thomas Kufel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of insomnia in Veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on health-related outcomes before and after 12 weeks of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of Veterans with PTSD and documented apnea hypopnea index (AHI) ≥ 5 with and without clinically significant insomnia as determined by the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI)...
January 10, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330217/a-systematic-review-of-network-meta-analyses-for-pharmacological-treatment-of-common-mental-disorders
#3
REVIEW
Taryn Williams, Dan J Stein, Jonathan Ipser
QUESTION: Network meta-analyses (NMAs) of treatment efficacy across different pharmacological treatments help inform clinical decision-making, but their methodological quality may vary a lot depending also on the quality of the included primary studies. We therefore conducted a systematic review of NMAs of pharmacological treatment for common mental disorders in order to assess the methodological quality of these NMAs, and to relate study characteristics to the rankings of efficacy and tolerability...
January 12, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330035/harmine-enhances-gabaergic-transmission-onto-basoamygdala-projection-neurons-in-mice
#4
Wei-Zhu Liu, Bo-Wei Huang, Wen-Jie You, Ping Hu, Xue-Hui Wang, Jun-Yu Zhang, Xiao-Bin Xu, Zong-Yong Zhang, Bing-Xing Pan, Wen-Hua Zhang
Emerging evidence indicates that loss of inhibitory tone in amygdala with its subsequent overactivation contributes to the development of multiple mental disorders such as anxiety disorders and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Harmine is a member of natural β-carboline alkaloids which can readily cross the blood brain barrier and displays significant antidepressant and anxiolytic effects in rodents. However, the underlying neurobiological mechanisms are largely unknown. Here, by using whole-cell patch clamp recordings in in vitro amygdala slices, we examined the effect of harmine on glutamatergic and GABAergic transmission onto basal amygdala (BA) projection neurons (PNs)...
January 9, 2018: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329352/interpersonal-trauma-moderates-the-relationship-between-personality-factors-and-suicidality-of-individuals-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#5
Yongjoon Yoo, Hyeon-Ju Park, Soowon Park, Maeng Je Cho, Seong-Jin Cho, Ji Yeon Lee, Soo-Hee Choi, Jun-Young Lee
Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are more prone to suicidal ideation and behavior. While those who have experienced interpersonal trauma exhibit more suicidality than those who have experienced non-interpersonal trauma, it is unclear how the traumatic effects are related to an individual's personality characteristics. This study examined the association between interpersonal trauma and personality factors with suicidality, and elucidated the moderating role of interpersonal trauma in individuals with PTSD...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329048/characterizing-anger-related-affect-in-individuals-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-using-ecological-momentary-assessment
#6
Elizabeth E Van Voorhees, Paul A Dennis, Eric B Elbogen, Bernard Fuemmeler, Lydia C Neal, Patrick S Calhoun, Jean C Beckham
This study employed secondary analyses of existing ecological momentary assessment (EMA) data to characterize hostile and irritable affect in the day-to-day experience of 52 smokers with, and 65 smokers without, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). EMA monitoring occurred over a mean of 8.2 days, and participants responded to an average of 2.8 random prompts/day. Analyses included Wilcoxon rank sum tests of group differences, and path analyses of cross-lagged multilevel models. Participants with PTSD endorsed a significantly higher proportion of total EMA entries indicating hostile affect and irritable affect than did individuals without PTSD...
January 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328883/a-systematic-review-of-interleukin-1%C3%AE-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-evidence-from-human-and-animal-studies
#7
Aysha Waheed, Bethan Dalton, Ulrich Wesemann, Mohammad A A Ibrahim, Hubertus Himmerich
Pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-1β, have been implicated as underlying pathophysiological mechanisms and potential biomarkers of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This systematic review examines data regarding IL-1β production/concentration in human and animal studies of PTSD. In accordance with PRISMA guidelines, relevant articles from PubMed were reviewed from inception until July 10, 2017. Nineteen studies were eligible for inclusion. Animal studies demonstrated increased hippocampal IL-1β in rodent models of PTSD...
January 2018: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328008/-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-current-insights-in-diagnostics-treatment-and-prevention
#8
A Lok, J L Frijling, M van Zuiden
- Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric disorder that may develop after traumatic events.- PTSD is one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders in the Netherlands, with an estimated lifetime prevalence of 7%.- Recurrent re-experiencing of the traumatic event is the most characteristic PTSD symptom.- Recognition of PTSD may be hampered by the heterogeneous symptomatology, avoidance to talk about the trauma and highly frequent comorbid psychiatric and somatic comorbidity.- Feelings of guilt and shame may also influence reported trauma history...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325446/reduction-of-ptsd-symptoms-with-pre-reactivation-propranolol-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Alain Brunet, Daniel Saumier, Aihua Liu, David L Streiner, Jacques Tremblay, Roger K Pitman
OBJECTIVE: The authors assessed the efficacy of trauma memory reactivation performed under the influence of propranolol, a noradrenergic beta-receptor blocker, as a putative reconsolidation blocker, in reducing symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHOD: This was a 6-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial in 60 adults diagnosed with long-standing PTSD. Propranolol or placebo was administered 90 minutes before a brief memory reactivation session, once a week for 6 consecutive weeks...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323524/work-disability-in-soldiers-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-posttraumatic-embitterment-disorder-and-not-event-related-common-mental-disorders
#10
Beate Muschalla, Heinrich Rau, Gerd Dieter Willmund, Christine Knaevelsrud
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic mental disorders may occur with different affect qualities. Best known is posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a conditioned anxiety reaction with intrusions. Another event-related mental disorder is posttraumatic embitterment (PTED), characterized by affect of embitterment and thoughts of revenge, occurring after an event deeply hurting basic beliefs. Knowing about associated disability is important for treatment and sociomedical decisions. This is the first study to explore work-disability in patients with PTSD, PTED, and not-event-related common mental disorder (CMD)...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319376/the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-ptsd
#11
Lauren M Oppizzi, Reba Umberger
Although physical activity (PA) is known to reduce anxiety and depression, less is known about the effects of PA on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The author examined the state of the science regarding the effect of PA on PTSD. Three themes emerged: PA characteristics, added benefits of PA as a PTSD intervention, and theories on the method of action. Physical activity seems to be an effective adjunct therapy to reduce PTSD symptom severity. Findings are inconsistent between observational and controlled studies...
January 10, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315737/the-dissociative-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-subtype-a-treatment-outcome-cohort-study-in-veterans-with-ptsd
#12
Joris F G Haagen, Allison van Rijn, Jeroen W Knipscheer, Niels van der Aa, Rolf J Kleber
OBJECTIVES: Dissociation is a prevalent phenomenon among veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that may interfere with the effectiveness of treatment. This study aimed to replicate findings of a dissociative PTSD subtype, to identify corresponding patterns in coping style, symptom type, and symptom severity, and to investigate its impact on post-traumatic symptom improvement. METHODS: Latent profile analysis (LPA) was applied to baseline data from 330 predominantly (97%) male treatment-seeking veterans (mean age 39...
January 7, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313489/associability-modulated-loss-learning-is-increased-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#13
Vanessa M Brown, Lusha Zhu, John M Wang, B Christopher Frueh, Brooks King-Casas, Pearl H Chiu
Disproportionate reactions to unexpected stimuli in the environment are a cardinal symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Here, we test whether these heightened responses are associated with disruptions in distinct components of reinforcement learning. Specifically, using functional neuroimaging, a loss-learning task, and a computational model-based approach, we assessed the mechanistic hypothesis that overreactions to stimuli in PTSD arise from anomalous gating of attention during learning (i.e., associability)...
January 9, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310718/metacognitive-therapy-vs-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-superiority-trial
#14
Hans M Nordahl, Joar Øveraas Halvorsen, Odin Hjemdal, Mimoza Rrusta Ternava, Adrian Wells
BACKGROUND: The psychological treatment of choice for patients with severe posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is cognitive behavioural exposure therapy or Eye Movement Desensitisation Reprocessing (EMDR). Whilst these are the most effective treatments, approximately 30-45% of the patients show no significant improvements and follow-up data are sparse. Furthermore, a proportion of patients with severe trauma does not benefit or avoid exposure therapy due to the potential to overwhelm them...
January 8, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309698/burdens-on-emergency-responders-after-a-terrorist-attack-in-berlin
#15
U Wesemann, P Zimmermann, M Mahnke, O Butler, S Polk, G Willmund
Background: Terrorist attacks induce various responses in emergency responders. Addressing this range of responses in individual workers is of central interest. Aims: To assess the gender- and occupation-specific effects of a terrorist attack, particularly in emergency responders. Methods: This was a pilot study. Emergency responders present during the 2016 terrorist attack at Breitscheidplatz in Berlin were asked to participate. Measures for crisis management had been previously implemented...
December 22, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307664/chronic-nicotine-differentially-alters-spontaneous-recovery-of-contextual-fear-in-male-and-female-mice
#16
Jessica M Tumolo, Munir Gunes Kutlu, Thomas J Gould
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a devastating disorder with symptoms such as flashbacks, hyperarousal, and avoidance of reminders of the traumatic event. Exposure therapy, which attempts to extinguish fear responses, is a commonly used treatment for PTSD but relapse following successful exposure therapy is a frequent problem. In rodents, spontaneous recovery (SR), where extinguished fear responses resurface following extinction treatment, is used as a model of fear relapse. Previous studies from our lab showed that chronic nicotine impaired fear extinction and acute nicotine enhanced SR of contextual fear in adult male mice...
January 5, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304155/firefighters-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-barriers-to-treatment-results-from-a-nationwide-total-population-survey
#17
Jieun E Kim, Stephen R Dager, Hyeonseok S Jeong, Jiyoung Ma, Shinwon Park, Jungyoon Kim, Yera Choi, Suji L Lee, Ilhyang Kang, Eunji Ha, Han Byul Cho, Sunho Lee, Eui-Jung Kim, Sujung Yoon, In Kyoon Lyoo
Repeated exposure to traumatic experiences may put professional firefighters at increased risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). To date, however, the rate of PTSD symptoms, unmet need for mental health treatment, and barriers to treatment have only been investigated in subsamples rather than the total population of firefighters. We conducted a nationwide, total population-based survey of all currently employed South Korean firefighters (n = 39,562). The overall response rate was 93.8% (n = 37,093), with 68...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303800/prescribing-trends-of-atypical-antipsychotic-drugs-in-an-outpatient-unit-of-a-child-and-adolescent-clinic-in-turkey
#18
Çiğdem Yektaş, Ali Evren Tufan
OBJECTIVE: Use of antipsychotic agents in the management of various psychopathologies in Child and Adolescent Psychiatric practice is gradually increasing. This study aimed to evaluate the sociodemographic and clinical features of children and adolescents who applied to an outpatient clinic of child and adolescent psychiatry department in Turkey and were prescribed atypical antipsychotics. METHOD: Patients with prescription codes of ATC N05A (except N05AN lithium) were accepted to denote those with atypical antipsychotic treatment...
January 5, 2018: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302596/what-are-the-ethical-issues-in-relation-to-the-role-of-the-family-in-intensive-care
#19
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Quenot, Fiona Ecarnot, Nicolas Meunier-Beillard, Auguste Dargent, Audrey Large, Pascal Andreu, Jean-Philippe Rigaud
A large proportion of patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) are unable to express themselves, often due to acute illness, shock or trauma, and this precludes any communication and/or consent for care that might reflect their wishes and opinions. In such cases, the only solution for the ICU physician is to include the patient's family in the healthcare decisions. This can represent a significant burden on the family, on top of the psychological distress of the ICU environment and hospitalisation of their relatives, and many family members may suffer from anxiety, depression or symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) during or after the hospitalisation and/or death of a loved one in the ICU...
December 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301416/treatment-seeking-for-posttraumatic-stress-in-israel-defense-forces-veterans-deployed-in-the-second-lebanon-war-2006-and-operation-cast-lead-in-the-gaza-strip-2009-a-comparative-study
#20
Ofir Levi, Gadi Lubin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The goal of the study was to determine the long-term prevalence of combat-related treatment seeking and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Israel's veterans deployed to the Second Lebanon War (2006) and "Operation Cast Lead" in the Gaza Strip (2009). METHODS: The prevalence of treatment seeking and DSM-IV-TR diagnoses among Israel Defense Force (IDF) veterans was assessed using seven and five year's surveillance and records. The whereabouts and combat exposure of veterans during the war was determined based on the IDF's Operations Directorate records...
January 4, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
keyword
keyword
20317
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"