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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443276/commentary-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-risk-for-suicidal-behavior-in-male-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans-seeking-ptsd-treatment
#1
COMMENT
Leo Sher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441333/how-are-service-dogs-for-adults-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-integrated-with-rehabilitation-in-denmark-a-case-study
#2
Chalotte Glintborg, Tia G B Hansen
A severe mental illness like Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is known to have psychosocial consequences that can lead to a decreased quality of life. Research in Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT) has revealed that the presence of a dog can have a positive effect on health, e.g., increase quality of life and lessen depression and anxiety. However, canine companionship is not a catch-all solution. Previous research has revealed methodological limitations that prohibit any clear conclusions, as well as a sparsity of critical reflection in anecdotal reports and case studies, which means that more research is needed to contextualize the findings...
April 25, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436349/distress-psychotic-symptom-exacerbation-and-relief-in-reaction-to-talking-about-trauma-in-the-context-of-beneficial-trauma-therapy-perspectives-from-young-people-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-first-episode-psychosis
#3
Janet Tong, Katrina Simpson, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez, Sarah Bendall
BACKGROUND: Of young people with first episode psychosis (FEP), over half report exposure to childhood trauma and consequent co-morbid post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or symptoms. Currently no evidence-based interventions exist for PTSD in FEP. Clinicians report concerns that trauma-focused interventions with young people with FEP could result in distress and symptom exacerbation. Scant research suggests that talking about trauma in therapy can be distressing for some people. AIMS: To explore young people's reactions to a trauma-focused treatment for PTSD in FEP...
April 24, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433950/an-electrocortical-investigation-of-emotional-face-processing-in-military-related-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#4
Julia A DiGangi, Katie L Burkhouse, Darrin M Aase, Joseph M Babione, Christopher Schroth, Amy E Kennedy, Justin E Greenstein, Eric Proescher, K Luan Phan
PTSD is a disorder of emotion dysregulation. Although much work has intended to elucidate the neural underpinnings of the disorder, much remains unknown about the neurobiological substrates of emotion dysregulation in PTSD. In order to assess the relationship between a neural measure of attention to emotion (i.e. the late positive potential; LPP) and PTSD symptoms, EEG was recorded and examined as a potential predictor of military-related PTSD symptoms in a sample of 73 OEF/OIF/OND veterans. Results revealed that higher PTSD symptoms were related to an attenuated LPP response to angry facial expressions...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432794/posttraumatic-stress-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-an-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-trajectories-and-vulnerability-factors
#5
M Habibović, J Denollet, S S Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy is first-line treatment for the primary and secondary prevention of sudden cardiac death. Despite the unequivocal medical benefits, living with an ICD may affect patients' psychological functioning and general well-being. We examined the trajectories of symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety in patients with an ICD and the vulnerability factors associated with an increased risk of symptoms of PTSD and anxiety...
April 22, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432376/mdma-does-not-alter-responses-to-the-trier-social-stress-test-in-humans
#6
Anya K Bershad, Melissa A Miller, Harriet de Wit
RATIONALE: ±3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "ecstasy") is a stimulant-psychedelic drug with unique social effects. It may dampen reactivity to negative social stimuli such as social threat and rejection. Perhaps because of these effects, MDMA has shown promise as a treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, the effect of single doses of MDMA on responses to an acute psychosocial stressor has not been tested. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we sought to test the effects of MDMA on responses to stress in healthy adults using a public speaking task...
April 21, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429858/trauma-related-disgust-in-veterans-with-interpersonal-trauma
#7
Jessica Bomyea, Carolyn B Allard
Although traditionally conceptualized as an anxiety disorder, variability in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be explained by individual differences in peri- or posttraumatic disgust. We examined relationships between disgust reactions and other trauma-related symptoms in 100 veterans with a history of interpersonal trauma and gender differences in these variables. We also evaluated the mediating role of posttraumatic disgust and guilt in the relationship between peritraumatic disgust and PTSD symptoms...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427371/inside-the-nation-s-largest-mental-health-institution-a-prevalence-study-in-a-state-prison-system
#8
Tala Al-Rousan, Linda Rubenstein, Bruce Sieleni, Harbans Deol, Robert B Wallace
BACKGROUND: The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world which has created a public health crisis. Correctional facilities have become a front line for mental health care. Public health research in this setting could inform criminal justice reform. We determined prevalence rates for mental illnesses and related comorbidities among all inmates in a state prison system. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using the Iowa Corrections Offender Network which contains health records of all inmates in Iowa...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422900/the-association-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-perceptions-of-deployment-related-injury-in-veterans-with-and-without-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
Nazanin H Bahraini, Lindsey L Monteith, Holly R Gerber, Jeri E Forster, Trisha A Hostetter, Lisa A Brenner
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and injury perceptions (ie, consequences, emotional representations, and coherence) differs for Veterans with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) compared with Veterans with non-TBI (ie, orthopedic). PARTICIPANTS: Eighty Veterans injured during post-9/11 deployments. DESIGN: Observational, 2×2 factorial design. MAIN MEASURES: Injury histories ascertained using the Ohio State University TBI-Identification Method and Deployment Injury Questionnaire; Injury Perception Questionnaire-Revised (injury perceptions); Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (PTSD diagnosis); and PTSD Symptom Checklist-Civilian Version (PTSD symptoms)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422323/validating-a-virtual-environment-for-sexual-assault-victims
#10
Claudie Loranger, Stéphane Bouchard
Virtual reality has shown promising results in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for some traumatic experiences, but sexual assault has been understudied. One important question to address is the relevance and safety of a virtual environment (VE) allowing patients to be progressively exposed to a sexual assault scenario. The aim of this study was to validate such a VE. Thirty women (victims and nonvictims of sexual assault) were randomly assigned in a counter-balanced order to 2 immersions in a virtual bar: a control scenario where the encounter with the aggressor does not lead to sexual assault and an experimental scenario where the participant is assaulted...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419641/neural-correlates-of-experimental-trauma-memory-retrieval
#11
Geraldine A Gvozdanovic, Philipp Stämpfli, Erich Seifritz, Björn Rasch
OBJECTIVES: Traumatic memories such as intrusions and flashbacks play a major role in the development and maintenance of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A thorough understanding of the neural mechanisms underlying traumatic memories is indispensable for precise diagnosis, for personalized treatment and prevention. In particular, the identification of early neural predictor variables for intrusion development shortly after trauma exposure requires detailed investigation. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Here, we examined the neural correlates of early experimental trauma memory retrieval in a traumatic film paradigm in 42 young healthy females, using both implicit and explicit retrieval tasks...
April 17, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419625/meta-analysis-of-interventions-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-in-adult-survivors-of-mass-violence-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#12
REVIEW
Nexhmedin Morina, Mina Malek, Angela Nickerson, Richard A Bryant
BACKGROUND: Most survivors of mass violence live in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled psychotherapy trials for adult posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and/or depression in LMICs. METHODS: We included 18 clinical trials (3,058 participants), in which 25 and 18 treatment arms measured symptoms of PTSD and depression, respectively. RESULTS: Active treatments for PTSD yielded a large aggregated pre-post effect size (g = 1...
April 18, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419473/translating-the-cognitive-model-of-ptsd-to-the-treatment-of-very-young-children-a-single-case-study-of-an-8-year-old-motor-vehicle-accident-survivor
#13
Benjamin Goodall, Isobel Chadwick, Anna McKinnon, Aliza Werner-Seidler, Richard Meiser-Stedman, Patrick Smith, Tim Dalgleish
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a clinical condition that occurs after a discrete traumatic event, such as an accident or assault. Research into PTSD has primarily been adult-focused; however, there is a growing body of evidence evaluating the theory and treatment of PTSD in young children. Consequently, cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) interventions for PTSD in youth have been developed that focus on 3 core components of the cognitive model-a disorganized memory of the trauma, maladaptive appraisals of the trauma and its effects (meanings), and dysfunctional coping mechanisms (management)...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416063/-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-treatment-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#14
Bo Søndergaard Jensen, Mahmoud Ashkanian
Approximately 10% of combat soldiers and 30% of rape victims develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is already known to be safe in depression treatment. Research results of the past 15 years indicate that rTMS induced to the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex may have a potential to treat the symptoms of PTSD. Furthermore, high-frequency rTMS seems to be superior to low-frequency rTMS. The effect of rTMS on PTSD symptoms could be mediated by increasing the level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor...
April 17, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416044/treatment-of-ptsd-related-osa-with-cpap-is-associated-with-only-a-modest-improvement-in-ptsd-possible-adjunctive-treatment-with-mood-stabilizers
#15
Madhulika A Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414493/predictors-of-differential-ptsd-treatment-outcomes-between-veteran-and-civilian-women-after-cognitive-processing-therapy
#16
Robyn L Gobin, Margaret-Anne Mackintosh, Emy Willis, Carolyn B Allard, Karen Kloezeman, Leslie A Morland
OBJECTIVE: This study used data from a recent randomized clinical trial (RCT) that found differences between women veterans and civilians in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment response, with civilians demonstrating greater improvement than did veterans. Despite having similar PTSD severity scores at baseline, veterans scored roughly 18 points higher than civilians did on the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) at posttreatment (p < .01). This study sought to identify the clinical and treatment variables that were associated with the differential response to treatment demonstrated by the women in the RCT...
April 17, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414485/incentivizing-attendance-to-prolonged-exposure-for-ptsd-with-opioid-use-disorder-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Rebecca L Schacht, Robert K Brooner, Van L King, Michael S Kidorf, Jessica M Peirce
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether contingent monetary incentives increase opioid use disorder patients' attendance to Prolonged Exposure (PE) therapy and whether attendance is associated with improvement in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder (SUD) outcomes. METHOD: Patients (N = 58) with PTSD were offered PE or PE with incentives (PE + I; max $480) to attend PE sessions. Participants were assessed at baseline and weeks 6, 12, and 24 postrandomization...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412888/postdeployment-behavioral-health-screens-and-linkage-to-the-veterans-health-administration-for-army-reserve-component-members
#18
Megan E Vanneman, Alex H S Harris, Cheng Chen, Rachel Sayko Adams, Thomas V Williams, Mary Jo Larson
OBJECTIVE: Approximately three to six months after returning from deployment, military service members complete the Post-Deployment Health Reassessment (PDHRA), which includes screens for alcohol misuse, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). To determine whether Army Reserve Component (RC) members (Army National Guard and Army Reserve) with positive screening scores on the PDHRA receive needed care, the investigators examined the association between positive scores and enrollment and utilization of care ("linkage") in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), as well as rescreening scores, diagnosis, and behavioral treatment in VHA...
April 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412229/characteristics-and-factors-associated-with-pain-in-older-homeless-individuals-results-from-the-hope-home-study
#19
John C Landefeld, Christine Miaskowski, Lina Tieu, Claudia Ponath, Christopher T Lee, David Guzman, Margot Kushel
Individuals experiencing homelessness in the United States are aging; little is known about chronic pain in this population. In a cross-sectional, population-based study, we interviewed 350 homeless individuals aged 50 and older to describe pain experienced by older persons experiencing homelessness and to assess factors associated with chronic moderate to severe pain, defined as pain lasting ≥3 months, with a past week average severity score of 5-10 (scale 0-10). The median age of participants was 58 years...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410014/gender-differences-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-u-s-navy-healthcare-personnel
#20
Andrew J MacGregor, Mary C Clouser, Jonathan A Mayo, Michael R Galarneau
BACKGROUND: The role of women in the U.S. military has changed markedly over the course of 20th- and 21st-century conflicts. Although women frequently occupy healthcare positions in the military, little is known about gender differences in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) within this occupational subgroup. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 4275 (667 women and 3608 men) U.S. Navy healthcare personnel supporting military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan were identified from electronic deployment records...
April 2017: Journal of Women's Health
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