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Tet proteins

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101211/receptor-fgfrl1-acts-as-a-tumor-suppressor-in-nude-mice-when-overexpressed-in-hek-293-tet-on-cells
#1
Lei Zhuang, Florian Steinberg, Beat Trueb
Fibroblast growth factor receptor-like 1 (FGFRL1) is a transmembrane receptor that interacts with heparin and FGF ligands. In contrast to the classical FGF receptors, FGFR1 to FGFR4, it does not appear to affect cell growth and proliferation. In the present study, an inducible gene expression system was utilized in combination with a xenograft tumor model to investigate the effects of FGFRL1 on cell adhesion and tumor formation. It was determined that recombinant FGFRL1 promotes the adhesion of HEK 293 Tet-On(®) cells in vitro...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100914/tet-mediated-hydroxymethylcytosine-at-the-ppar%C3%AE-locus-is-required-for-initiation-of-adipogenic-differentiation
#2
Y Yoo, J H Park, C Weigel, D B Liesenfeld, D Weichenhan, C Plass, D-G Seo, A M Lindroth, Y J Park
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Adipose tissue is one of the main organs regulating energy homeostasis, via energy storage as well as endocrine function. The adipocyte cell number is largely determined by adipogenesis. While the molecular mechanism of adipogenesis has been extensively studied, its role in dynamic DNA methylation plasticity remains unclear. Recently, it has been shown that Tet methylcytosine dioxygenase (TET) are catalytically capable of oxidizing DNA 5-methylcytosine (5-mC) to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC) towards a complete removal of the methylated cytosine...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060929/a-single-vector-platform-for-high-level-gene-transduction-of-central-neurons-adeno-associated-virus-vector-equipped-with-the-tet-off-system
#3
Jaerin Sohn, Megumu Takahashi, Shinichiro Okamoto, Yoko Ishida, Takahiro Furuta, Hiroyuki Hioki
Visualization of neurons is indispensable for the investigation of neuronal circuits in the central nervous system. Virus vectors have been widely used for labeling particular subsets of neurons, and the adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector has gained popularity as a tool for gene transfer. Here, we developed a single AAV vector Tet-Off platform, AAV-SynTetOff, to improve the gene-transduction efficiency, specifically in neurons. The platform is composed of regulator and response elements in a single AAV genome...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053961/iron-supplementation-reverses-the-reduction-of-hydroxymethylcytosine-in-hepatic-dna-associated-with-chronic-alcohol-consumption-in-rats
#4
Stephanie A Tammen, Jung Eun Park, Phil Kyung Shin, Simonetta Friso, Jayong Chung, Sang-Woon Choi
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is known to affect two epigenetic phenomena, DNA methylation and DNA hydroxymethylation, and iron is a cofactor of ten-eleven translocation (TET) enzymes that catalyze the conversion from methylcytosine to hydroxymethylcytosine. In the present study we aimed to determine the effects of alcohol on DNA hydroxymethylation and further effects of iron on alcohol associated epigenetic changes. METHODS: Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either Lieber-DeCarli alcohol diet (36% calories from ethanol) or Lieber-DeCarli control diet along with or without iron supplementation (0...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030787/dna-demethylation-mediated-by-down-regulated-tets-in-the-testes-of%C3%A2-rare-minnow-gobiocypris-rarus-under-bisphenol-a-exposure
#5
Cong Yuan, Yingying Zhang, Yan Liu, Song Wang, Zaizhao Wang
Inevitable BPA exposure resulted in disturbance of DNA methylation status and our published study suspected that BPA has the potentiality to disturb DNA demethylation and GSH production in Gobiocypris rarus testes. To confirm this conjecture, several experiments were carried out in the present study. Adult male G. rarus was exposed to 1, 15 and 225 μg L(-1) (nominal concentration) BPA for two weeks. The levels of 5-methylcytosine (5mC), 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC), glutathione (GSH), and enzyme levels for DNA methylation and GSH synthesis in the testes were detected...
December 21, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024479/-construction-of-eukaryotic-expression-vector-of-sirna-specific-for-bcr-abl-fusion-gene-and-its-effects-on-k562-cells
#6
Ming Li, Bao-Lin Wang, Li-Na Wang, Ya-Ming Xi
OBJECTIVE: To construct eukaryotic expression vector of siRNA specific for BCR/ABL and to investigate the effect of recombinant plasmid on BCR/ABL and P210 protein expression in K562 cells. METHODS: siRNA(small interfering RNA)was designed according to the Tuschl's principle of Ai-based medicine, and was converted into cDNA coding expression of shRNA(small hairpin RNAs)of siRNA for BCR/ABL fusion gene. The cDNA was synthesized and inserted into plasmid pTER. The pTER117 and pTER363 of recombinant plasmid being eukaryotic expression vector was controlled by the H1 promoter of RNA polymerase III, and identified by the restriction map and the sequence analysis...
December 2016: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005347/new-orthogonal-transcriptional-switches-derived-from-tet-repressor-homologues-for-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-regulated-by-2-4-diacetylphloroglucinol-and-other-ligands
#7
Shigehito Ikushima, Jef D Boeke
Here we describe the development of tightly regulated expression switches in yeast, by engineering distant homologues of Escherichia coli TetR, including the transcriptional regulator PhlF from Pseudomonas and others. Previous studies demonstrated that the PhlF protein bound its operator sequence (phlO) in the absence of 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol (DAPG) but dissociated from phlO in the presence of DAPG. Thus, we developed a DAPG-Off system in which expression of a gene preceded by the phlO-embedded promoter was activated by a fusion of PhlF to a multimerized viral activator protein (VP16) domain in a DAPG-free environment but repressed when DAPG was added to growth medium...
December 22, 2016: ACS Synthetic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998022/the-effects-of-the-dna-methyltranfserases-inhibitor-5-azacitidine-on-ageing-oxidative-stress-and-dna-methylation-of-adipose-derived-stem-cells
#8
Katarzyna Kornicka, Krzysztof Marycz, Monika Marędziak, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski, Jakub Nicpoń
Human adipose tissue is a great source of adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) which are recognized from their ability to self-renew and differentiation into multiple lineages. MSCs have promised a vast therapeutic potential in treatment many diseases including tissue injury and immune disorders. However, their regenerative potential profoundly depends on patients' age. Age-related deterioration of MSC is associated with cellular senescence mainly caused by increased DNA methylation status, accumulation of oxidative stress factors and mitochondria dysfunction...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993162/tet-enzymes-double-agents-in-the-transposable-element-host-genome-conflict
#9
Patricia Gerdes, Sandra R Richardson, Geoffrey J Faulkner
The mouse genome is replete with retrotransposon sequences, from evolutionarily young elements with mutagenic potential that must be controlled, to inactive molecular fossils whose sequences can be domesticated over evolutionary time to benefit the host genome. In an exciting new study, de la Rica and colleagues have uncovered a complex relationship between ten-eleven translocation (TET) proteins and retrotransposons in mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs), implicating TETs as enhancers in the exaptation and function of retroelement sequences...
December 20, 2016: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980707/a-fluorescence-polarization-biophysical-assay-for-the-naegleria-dna-hydroxylase-tet1
#10
Laura J Marholz, Wei Wang, Yu Zheng, Xiang Wang
The discovery of the 5-methylcytosine (5mC) oxidation by the ten-eleven translocation (Tet) protein family was an important advancement in our understanding of DNA-modified epigenetics. Potent inhibitors of these proteins are greatly desired for both the understanding of the functions of these enzymes and to serve as eventual therapeutic leads. So far, the discovery of such small molecules with high affinity has been quite limited. Original tools to screen for activity are greatly needed in order to accelerate this process...
February 11, 2016: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939598/alternative-roles-for-oxidized-mcs-and-tets
#11
REVIEW
Luisa Cimmino, Iannis Aifantis
Ten-eleven-translocation (TET) proteins oxidize 5-methylcytosine (5mC) to form stable or transient modifications (oxi-mCs) in the mammalian genome. Genome-wide mapping and protein interaction studies have shown that 5mC and oxi-mCs have unique distribution patterns and alternative roles in gene expression. In addition, oxi-mCs may interact with specific chromatin regulators, transcription factors and DNA repair proteins to maintain genomic integrity or alter DNA replication and transcriptional elongation rates...
December 7, 2016: Current Opinion in Genetics & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931518/vitamin-c-enhances-the-expression-of-il17-in-a-jmjd2-dependent-manner
#12
Mi Hye Song, Varun Sasidharan Nair, Kwon Ik Oh
Previously, we reported that vitamin C facilitates the CpG demethylation of Foxp3 enhancer in CD4+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) by enhancing the activity of a DNA demethylase ten-eleven-translocation (Tet). However, it is not clear whether vitamin C affects other helper T cell lineages like T helper type 17 (Th17) cells which are related with Tregs. Here, we show that the expression of interleukin-17A (IL17) increases with the treatment of vitamin C but not with other antioxidants. Interestingly, the upregulation of IL17 was not accompanied by DNA demethylation in Il17 promoter and was independent of Tet enzymes...
December 9, 2016: BMB Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930333/tet-proteins-influence-the-balance-between-neuroectodermal-and-mesodermal-fate-choice-by-inhibiting-wnt-signaling
#13
Xiang Li, Xiaojing Yue, William A Pastor, Lizhu Lin, Romain Georges, Lukas Chavez, Sylvia M Evans, Anjana Rao
TET-family dioxygenases catalyze conversion of 5-methylcytosine (5mC) to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) and oxidized methylcytosines in DNA. Here, we show that mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs), either lacking Tet3 alone or with triple deficiency of Tet1/2/3, displayed impaired adoption of neural cell fate and concomitantly skewed toward cardiac mesodermal fate. Conversely, ectopic expression of Tet3 enhanced neural differentiation and limited cardiac mesoderm specification. Genome-wide analyses showed that Tet3 mediates cell-fate decisions by inhibiting Wnt signaling, partly through promoter demethylation and transcriptional activation of the Wnt inhibitor secreted frizzled-related protein 4 (Sfrp4)...
December 20, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923996/binding-of-mbd-proteins-to-dna-blocks-tet1-function-thereby-modulating-transcriptional-noise
#14
Anne K Ludwig, Peng Zhang, Florian D Hastert, Stephanie Meyer, Cathia Rausch, Henry D Herce, Udo Müller, Anne Lehmkuhl, Ines Hellmann, Carina Trummer, Christian Storm, Heinrich Leonhardt, M Cristina Cardoso
Aberrant DNA methylation is a hallmark of various human disorders, indicating that the spatial and temporal regulation of methylation readers and modifiers is imperative for development and differentiation. In particular, the cross-regulation between 5-methylcytosine binders (MBD) and modifiers (Tet) has not been investigated. Here, we show that binding of Mecp2 and Mbd2 to DNA protects 5-methylcytosine from Tet1-mediated oxidation. The mechanism is not based on competition for 5-methylcytosine binding but on Mecp2 and Mbd2 directly restricting Tet1 access to DNA...
December 6, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923773/mitochondrial-protein-lipoylation-and-the-2-oxoglutarate-dehydrogenase-complex-controls-hif1%C3%AE-stability-in-aerobic-conditions
#15
Stephen P Burr, Ana S H Costa, Guinevere L Grice, Richard T Timms, Ian T Lobb, Peter Freisinger, Roger B Dodd, Gordon Dougan, Paul J Lehner, Christian Frezza, James A Nathan
Hypoxia-inducible transcription factors (HIFs) control adaptation to low oxygen environments by activating genes involved in metabolism, angiogenesis, and redox homeostasis. The finding that HIFs are also regulated by small molecule metabolites highlights the need to understand the complexity of their cellular regulation. Here we use a forward genetic screen in near-haploid human cells to identify genes that stabilize HIFs under aerobic conditions. We identify two mitochondrial genes, oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (OGDH) and lipoic acid synthase (LIAS), which when mutated stabilize HIF1α in a non-hydroxylated form...
November 8, 2016: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916660/isoform-switch-of-tet1-regulates-dna-demethylation-and-mouse-development
#16
Wenhao Zhang, Weikun Xia, Qiujun Wang, Aaron J Towers, Jiayu Chen, Rui Gao, Yu Zhang, Chia-An Yen, Ah Young Lee, Yuanyuan Li, Chen Zhou, Kaili Liu, Jing Zhang, Tian-Peng Gu, Xiuqi Chen, Zai Chang, Danny Leung, Shaorong Gao, Yong-Hui Jiang, Wei Xie
The methylcytosine oxidase TET proteins play important roles in DNA demethylation and development. However, it remains elusive how exactly they target substrates and execute oxidation. Interestingly, we found that, in mice, the full-length TET1 isoform (TET1e) is restricted to early embryos, embryonic stem cells (ESCs), and primordial germ cells (PGCs). By contrast, a short isoform (TET1s) is preferentially expressed in somatic cells, which lacks the N terminus including the CXXC domain, a DNA-binding module that often recognizes CpG islands (CGIs) where TET1 predominantly occupies...
December 15, 2016: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915294/insightful-directed-evolution-of-escherichia-coli-quorum-sensing-promoter-region-of-the-lsracdbfg-operon-a-tool-for-synthetic-biology-systems-and-protein-expression
#17
Pricila Hauk, Kristina Stephens, Ryan Mckay, Chelsea Ryan Virgile, Hana Ueda, Marc Ostermeier, Kyoung-Seok Ryu, Herman O Sintim, William E Bentley
Quorum sensing (QS) regulates many natural phenotypes (e.q. virulence, biofilm formation, antibiotic resistance), and its components, when incorporated into synthetic genetic circuits, enable user-directed phenotypes. We created a library of Escherichia coli lsr operon promoters using error-prone PCR (ePCR) and selected for promoters that provided E. coli with higher tetracycline resistance over the native promoter when placed upstream of the tet(C) gene. Among the fourteen clones identified, we found several mutations in the binding sites of QS repressor, LsrR...
December 1, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908198/tet-proteins-master-regulators-of-vertebrate-body-plan-formation
#18
Ozren Bogdanović
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Epigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903986/adult-t-cell-leukemia-aggressivenness-correlates-with-loss-of-both-5-hydroxymethylcytosine-and-tet2-expression
#19
Ambroise Marçais, Laetitia Waast, Julie Bruneau, Katia Hanssens, Vahid Asnafi, Philippe Gaulard, Felipe Suarez, Patrice Dubreuil, Antoine Gessain, Olivier Hermine, Claudine Pique
Mutations in TET2, encoding one of the TET members responsible for the conversion of DNA cytosine methylation to hydroxymethylation (5-hmc), have been recently described in Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1-associated adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL). However, neither the amount of genomic 5-hmc in ATLL tumor cells nor TET2 expression has been studied yet. In this study, we analyzed these two parameters as well as the mutational status of TET2 in ATLL patients. By employing a direct in situ approach, we documented that tumor T cells infiltrating lymph nodes exhibit low level of 5-hmc compared to residual normal T cells...
November 26, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902365/oral-cavities-of-healthy-infants-harbour-high-proportions-of-streptococcus-salivarius-strains-with-phenotypic-and-genotypic-resistance-to-multiple-classes-of-antibiotics
#20
Thaís H Palma, Erika N Harth-Chú, Jodie Scott, Rafael N Stipp, Heike Boisvert, Mariana F Salomão, Jéssica D Theobaldo, Rosana F Possobon, Leandro C Nascimento, Jonathan W McCafferty, Lina Faller, Margaret J Duncan, Renata O Mattos-Graner
Emerging antibiotic resistance in the oropharyngeal microbiota, of which Streptococcus salivarius is a prominent species, represents a challenge for treating paediatric populations. In this study, we investigated the role of Streptococcussalivarius as a reservoir for antibiotic resistance genes (ARG) in the oral microbiota by analysing 95 Streptococcussalivarius isolates from 22 healthy infants (2-16 months of age). MICs of penicillin G, amoxicillin, erythromycin, tetracycline, doxycycline and streptomycin were determined...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
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