keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

European

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724218/roadside-verges-as-habitats-for-endangered-lizard-orchids-himantoglossum-spp-ecological-traps-or-refuges
#1
Réka Fekete, Timea Nagy, Judit Bódis, Éva Biró, Viktor Löki, Kristóf Süveges, Attila Takács, Jácint Tökölyi, Attila Molnár V
Alterations in traditional land use practices have led to severe declines in the area of semi-natural grasslands, thereby seriously threatening plant and animal species dependent on these habitats. Small anthropogenic managed habitats, like roadsides can act as refuges and might play an important role in conserving these species. Colonization of roadside verges by endangered lizard orchids (Himantoglossum spp.) has long been known, but few studies have systematically explored the suitability of roadside habitats for these orchids and the impact of roads on them...
July 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724105/nitrifying-kinetics-and-the-persistence-of-nitrite-in-the-seine-river-france
#2
M Raimonet, T Cazier, V Rocher, A M Laverman
Although a higher oxidation rate for nitrite than for ammonia generally prevents nitrite accumulation in oxic waters, nitrite concentrations in the Seine River (1-31 μM) exceed European norms. We investigated the kinetics of in situ ammonia- and nitrite-oxidizing communities in river water and wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluents to determine the role of pelagic nitrification in the origin and persistence of nitrite downstream of Paris. The main source of nitrite is the major Parisian WWTP, and its persistence, up to tens of kilometers downstream of the plant, is explained by low ammonia and nitrite oxidation rates and high river flow...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724074/high-resolution-genetic-and-physical-mapping-of-the-eastern-filbert-blight-resistance-region-in-jefferson-hazelnut-corylus-avellana-l
#3
Vidyasagar Sathuvalli, Shawn A Mehlenbacher, David C Smith
Eastern filbert blight (EFB), caused by the pyrenomycete (Peck) E. Müller, is a devastating disease of European hazelnut ( L) in the US Pacific Northwest. A dominant allele at a single locus from the obsolete pollenizer 'Gasaway' confers a high level of resistance to EFB. To identify the gene responsible for resistance, we initiated map-based cloning efforts in a population of 1488 seedlings that segregated for resistance. Chromosome walking was initiated using primers designed from eight previously identified random amplified polymorphic DNA markers linked to resistance...
July 2017: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723867/prediction-of-severe-toxicity-in-adult-patients-under-treatment-with-5-fluorouracil-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Carolina Vázquez, María Orlova, Federico Angriman, José N Minatta, Paula Scibona, María A Verzura, Esteban G Jáuregui, Heidy Díaz de Arce, María G Pallotta, Waldo H Belloso
5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) has long been used for the treatment of gastrointestinal tumors harboring interindividual variability in both the pharmacokinetic and the pharmacogenetic profiles, which in turn may lead to life-threatening toxicities. We carried out a prospective cohort study of adult patients initiating treatment with 5-FU between 2013 and 2015. Primary exposures of interest were the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase single nucleotide polymorphism in exons 4 and 7 and 5'-untranslated region-thymidylate synthase VNTR genotypes, in addition to baseline clinical and demographic variables...
July 18, 2017: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723761/efficacy-of-the-prophylactic-use-of-octreotide-for-the-prevention-of-complications-after-pancreatic-resection-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Chunli Wang, Xin Zhao, Shengyi You
BACKGROUND: The use of octreotide prophylaxis in the prevention of complications after pancreatic resection remains controversial. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the efficacy of octreotide prophylactic treatment to prevent complications after pancreatic resection. METHODS: Five databases (PubMed, Medline, SinoMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library) were searched for eligible studies from 1980 to November 2016 with the limitation of human subjects and randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723517/practice-patterns-compared-with-evidence-based-strategies-for-the-management-of-androgen-deprivation-therapy-induced-side-effects-in-prostate-cancer-patients-results-of-a-european-web-based-survey
#6
Renée Bultijnck, Cristian Surcel, Guillaume Ploussard, Alberto Briganti, Pieter De Visschere, Jurgen Fütterer, Pirus Ghadjar, Gianluca Giannarini, Hendrik Isbarn, Christophe Massard, Prasanna Sooriakumaran, Massimo Valerio, Roderick van den Bergh, Piet Ost
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based recommendations are available for the management of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT)-induced side effects; however, there are no data on the implementation of the recommendations into daily practice patterns. OBJECTIVE: To compare practice patterns in the management of ADT-induced side effects with evidence-based strategies. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A European Web-based survey was conducted from January 16, 2015, to June 24, 2015...
December 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723502/is-there-a-role-for-exosome-derived-micrornas-in-detection-of-renal-cell-tumors-using-urine-samples-editorial-to-european-urology-focus-2-2-2016-210-218
#7
EDITORIAL
Carmen Jerónimo, Rui Henrique
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723501/antioxidants-is-it-simply-too-late-once-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-are-established-editorial-to-european-urology-focus-2-3-2016-310-318
#8
EDITORIAL
Marcus J Drake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723474/introducing-the-twitter-impact-factor-an-objective-measure-of-urology-s-academic-impact-on-twitter
#9
Diana Cardona-Grau, Igor Sorokin, Gabriel Leinwand, Charles Welliver
BACKGROUND: Social media use in academia and urology is rising. Specifically, individual journals now have Twitter accounts (Twitter Inc, San Francisco, CA, USA) and regularly tweet academic content. OBJECTIVE: To present and evaluate the Twitter impact factor (TIF), a novel means of measuring a journal's academic influence in the realm of social media. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Journal Citation Reports (JCR; Thomson Reuters, New York, NY, USA) for 2014 was queried for urologic academic journals...
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723471/urinary-tract-infections-in-immunocompromised-patients-with-diabetes-chronic-kidney-disease-and-kidney-transplant
#10
REVIEW
Zafer Tandogdu, Tommaso Cai, Bela Koves, Florian Wagenlehner, Truls Erik Bjerklund-Johansen
CONTEXT: This paper provides a brief overview of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in immunocompromised patients from the perspective of a practicing urologist. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to provide an update on UTIs in immunocompromised patients. Diabetes mellitus (DM), chronic kidney disease, and kidney transplant (KT) are the most common clinical cases encountered by urologists. Diagnosis, management, and future research needs are summarised. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We conducted a nonsystematic review of the literature...
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723468/trends-in-antibiotic-resistance-in-urologic-practice
#11
REVIEW
Hala Kandil, Emma Cramp, Tejal Vaghela
CONTEXT: The significant global upsurge in antimicrobial resistance, particularly among Enterobacteriaceae, represents a serious threat to health care systems. The implications for urologic practice are of particular concern. OBJECTIVE: To review trends in antibiotic resistance in urologic practice. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We report current European trends of resistance in Gram-negative uropathogens. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: In addition to β-lactam resistance, Gram-negative pathogens are often resistant to multiple drug classes, including aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones, and carbapenems, commonly used to treat urologic infections...
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723464/how-to-use-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-in-urological-procedures
#12
Tommaso Cai, Gernot Bonkat, Zafer Tandogdu, Riccardo Bartoletti, Florian M E Wagenlehner, Magnus Grabe, Truls E Bjerklund Johansen
A revision of clinical practice in terms of antimicrobial prophylaxis is urgently needed starting from: (1) obtaining information about local pathogen profiles and antimicrobial resistance, (2) evaluating all patient-related risk factors for the development of infectious complications, (3) and prescribing antimicrobials according to the principles of the European Association of Urology guidelines.
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722762/rapid-depuration-of-mercury-in-songbirds-accelerated-by-feather-molt
#13
Margaret Whitney, Daniel Cristol
Mercury (Hg) is a ubiquitous environmental contaminant that affects avian reproduction and condition, in both aquatic and terrestrial species. Because Hg binds strongly to the keratin of growing feathers, molt is an important avenue for Hg elimination. We investigated the rate of depuration of Hg from songbird blood and organs (brain, kidney, liver, muscle) as a function of molt. We exposed 2 species of captive songbirds, European starling (Sturnus vulgaris) and zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata), to environmentally relevant dietary Hg (1...
July 19, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722759/lifetime-reproductive-success-selection-on-lifespan-and-multiple-sexual-ornaments-in-male-european-barn-swallows
#14
Alessandra Costanzo, Roberto Ambrosini, Manuela Caprioli, Emanuele Gatti, Marco Parolini, Luca Canova, Diego Rubolini, Andrea Romano, Luca Gianfranceschi, Nicola Saino
Natural and sexual selection arise when individual fitness varies according to focal traits. Extra-pair paternities (EPPs) can affect the intensity of selection by influencing variance in fitness among individuals. Studies of selection require that individual fitness is estimated using proxies of lifetime reproductive success (LRS). However, estimating LRS is difficult in large, open populations where EPPs cause reallocation of biological paternity. Here we used extensive field sampling to estimate LRS in a population of barn swallows (Hirundo rustica) to estimate selection on lifespan and ornamental traits of males...
July 19, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722755/the-potential-of-anti-infectives-and-immunomodulators-as-therapies-for-asthma-and-asthma-exacerbations
#15
Michael R Edwards, Ross P Walton, David J Jackson, Wojciech Feleszko, Chrysanthi Skevaki, Tuomas Jartti, Heidi Makrinoti, Alexandra Nikonova, Igor Shilovskiy, Jurgen Schwarze, Sebastian L Johnston, Musa Khaitov
Asthma is responsible for approximately 25,000 deaths annually in Europe despite available medicines that maintain asthma control and reduce asthma exacerbations. Better treatments are urgently needed for the control of chronic asthma and reduction of asthma exacerbations, the major cause of asthma mortality. Much research spanning >20 years shows a strong association between microorganisms including pathogens in asthma onset, severity and exacerbation, yet with the exception of antibiotics, few treatments are available that specifically target the offending pathogens...
July 19, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722703/deep-intronic-hotspot-variant-unraveling-rhabdoid-tumor-predisposition-syndrome-in-two-patients-with-atypical-teratoid-and-rhabdoid-tumor
#16
Arnault Tauziède-Espariat, Julien Masliah-Planchon, Laurence Brugières, Stéphanie Puget, Christelle Dufour, Pascale Schneider, Annie Laquerrière, Thierry Frebourg, Damien Bodet, Emmanuèle Lechapt-Zalcman, Gaëlle Pierron, Olivier Delattre, Pascale Varlet, Franck Bourdeaut
About one third of patients with rhabdoid tumors (RT) harbor a heterozygous germline variant in SMARCB1. Molecular diagnosis therefore keeps a crucial place in the diagnosis of RT, and genetic counseling should be systematically recommended. However, immunohistochemistry has progressively replaced molecular tools to assess the status of SMARCB1 in tumors; the necessity of analyzing SMARCB1 status in the tumor may thus be less considered by neuropathologists and pediatric neuro-oncologists. In the present manuscript as aforementioned, we report on two patients with bifocal RT in the first month of life and in whom no germline variant was initially found in the SMARCB1 coding sequence...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722637/schistosomiasis-in-european-travelers-and-migrants-analysis-of-14-years-tropnet-surveillance-data
#17
Tilman Lingscheid, Florian Kurth, Jan Clerinx, Stefania Marocco, Begoña Trevino, Mirjam Schunk, José Muñoz, Ida E Gjørup, Tomas Jelinek, Michel Develoux, Graham Fry, Thomas Jänisch, Matthias L Schmid, Olivier Bouchaud, Sabino Puente, Lorenzo Zammarchi, Kristine Mørch, Anders Björkman, Heli Siikamäki, Andreas Neumayr, Henrik Nielsen, Urban Hellgren, Malgorzata Paul, Guido Calleri, Pavel Kosina, Bjørn Myrvang, José M Ramos, Gudrun Just-Nübling, Anna Beltrame, José Saraiva da Cunha, Peter Kern, Laurence Rochat, August Stich, Peter Pongratz, Martin P Grobusch, Norbert Suttorp, Martin Witzenrath, Christoph Hatz, Thomas Zoller, TropNet Schistosomiasis Investigator Group
Schistosomiasis remains one of the most prevalent parasitic diseases worldwide and the infection is frequently found in travelers and migrants. The European Network for Tropical Medicine and Travel Health conducted a sentinel surveillance study on imported schistosomiasis between 1997 and 2010. This report summarizes epidemiological and clinical data from 1,465 cases of imported schistosomiasis. Direct pathogen detection and serology were the main diagnostic tools applied. Of these, 486 (33%) cases were identified among European travelers, 231 (16%) among long-term expatriates, and 748 (51%) among non-European immigrants...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722453/-psoriasis-comorbidities
#18
Spyridon Gkalpakiotis
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease affecting 2-4 % of Central European population. Nowadays, we know that psoriasis is not limited to the skin but is connected with several comorbidities like, psoriatic arthritis (around 25 %), Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, Bechterev, non-alcoholic liver steatosis, psychiatric disorders and mainly diseases of the so called metabolic syndrome, like diabetes mellitus type 2, arterial hypertension or dyslipidemia. In the last years, new information is arising which connect psoriasis with sleep apnoe and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722344/a-large-scale-assessment-of-european-rabbit-damage-to-agriculture-in-spain
#19
Miguel Delibes-Mateos, Miguel Ángel Farfán, Carlos Rouco, Jesús Olivero, Ana Luz Márquez, John E Fa, Juan Mario Vargas, Rafael Villafuerte
BACKGROUND: Numerous small and medium-sized mammal pests cause widespread and economically significant damage to crops all over the globe. However, most research on pest species has focused on accounts of the level of damage. There are fewer studies concentrating on the description of crop damage caused by pests at large geographical scales, or on analysing the ecological and anthropogenic factors correlated with these observed patterns. We investigated the relationship between agricultural damage by the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and environmental and anthropogenic variables throughout Spain...
July 19, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722322/advanced-methods-for-dose-and-regimen-finding-during-drug-development-summary-of-the-ema-efpia-workshop-on-dose-finding-london-4-5-december-2014
#20
F T Musuamba, E Manolis, N Holford, Sya Cheung, L E Friberg, K Ogungbenro, M Posch, Jwt Yates, S Berry, N Thomas, S Corriol-Rohou, B Bornkamp, F Bretz, A C Hooker, P H Van der Graaf, J F Standing, J Hay, S Cole, V Gigante, K Karlsson, T Dumortier, N Benda, F Serone, S Das, A Brochot, F Ehmann, R Hemmings, I Skottheim Rusten
Inadequate dose selection for confirmatory trials is currently still one of the most challenging issues in drug development, as illustrated by high rates of late-stage attritions in clinical development and postmarketing commitments required by regulatory institutions. In an effort to shift the current paradigm in dose and regimen selection and highlight the availability and usefulness of well-established and regulatory-acceptable methods, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) in collaboration with the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries Association (EFPIA) hosted a multistakeholder workshop on dose finding (London 4-5 December 2014)...
July 19, 2017: CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology
keyword
keyword
2031
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"