keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

European

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823075/refractive-corneal-and-ocular-residual-astigmatism-distribution-in-a-german-population-and-age-dependency-the-gutenberg-health-study
#1
Alexander Karl-Georg Schuster, Norbert Pfeiffer, Andreas Schulz, René Hoehn, Katharina A Ponto, Philipp S Wild, Maria Blettner, Manfred E Beutel, Karl J Lackner, Thomas Münzel, Alireza Mirshahi
PURPOSE: Worldwide, the most frequent cause of visual impairment is uncorrected refractive error. This analysis focused on the distribution and associations of refractive, corneal and ocular residual astigmatism. METHODS: As part of the Gutenberg Health study, a population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in the general population of Germany. A comprehensive ophthalmological examination including refraction, tonometry, and Scheimpflug imaging of the anterior cornea (Pachycam) was performed...
August 19, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823002/lymphatic-drainage-of-lung-segments-in-the-visceral-pleura-a-cadaveric-study
#2
Alex Fourdrain, Sophie Lafitte, Jules Iquille, Florence De Dominicis, Eric Havet, Johann Peltier, Patrick Bagan, Pascal Berna
PURPOSE: Although peribronchial lymphatic drainage of the lung has been well characterized, lymphatic drainage in the visceral pleura is less well understood. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the lymphatic drainage of lung segments in the visceral pleura. METHODS: Adult, European cadavers were examined. Cadavers with a history of pleural or pulmonary disease were excluded. The cadavers had been refrigerated but not embalmed. The lungs were surgically removed and re-warmed...
August 19, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822981/spectrum-of-lymphomas-across-different-drug-treatment-groups-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-european-registries-collaborative-project
#3
Louise K Mercer, Anne C Regierer, Xavier Mariette, William G Dixon, Eva Baecklund, Karin Hellgren, Lene Dreyer, Merete Lund Hetland, René Cordtz, Kimme Hyrich, Anja Strangfeld, Angela Zink, Helena Canhao, M Victoria Hernandez, Florence Tubach, Jacques-Eric Gottenberg, Jacques Morel, Jakub Zavada, Florenzo Iannone, Johan Askling, Joachim Listing
BACKGROUND: Lymphomas comprise a heterogeneous group of malignant diseases with highly variable prognosis. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with a twofold increased risk of both Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). It is unknown whether treatment with biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) affect the risk of specific lymphoma subtypes. METHODS: Patients never exposed to (bionaïve) or ever treated with bDMARDs from 12 European biologic registers were followed prospectively for the occurrence of first ever histologically confirmed lymphoma...
August 19, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822894/increased-minimum-legal-age-for-the-sale-of-alcohol-in-the-netherlands-as-of-2014-the-effect-on-alcohol-sellers-compliance-after-one-and-two-years
#4
Karen Schelleman-Offermans, Ruud T J Roodbeen, Paul H H M Lemmens
BACKGROUND: As of January 2014, the Dutch minimum legal age for the sale and purchase of all alcoholic beverages has increased from 16 to 18 years of age. The effectiveness of a minimum legal age policy in controlling the availability of alcohol for adolescents depends on the extent to which this minimum legal age is complied with in the field. The main aim of the current study is to investigate, for a country with a West-European drinking culture, whether raising the minimum legal age for the sale of alcohol has influenced compliance rates among Dutch alcohol vendors...
August 17, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822780/global-yellow-fever-vaccination-coverage-from-1970-to-2016-an-adjusted-retrospective-analysis
#5
Freya M Shearer, Catherine L Moyes, David M Pigott, Oliver J Brady, Fatima Marinho, Aniruddha Deshpande, Joshua Longbottom, Annie J Browne, Moritz U G Kraemer, Kathleen M O'Reilly, Joachim Hombach, Sergio Yactayo, Valdelaine E M de Araújo, Aglaêr A da Nóbrega, Jonathan F Mosser, Jeffrey D Stanaway, Stephen S Lim, Simon I Hay, Nick Golding, Robert C Reiner
BACKGROUND: Substantial outbreaks of yellow fever in Angola and Brazil in the past 2 years, combined with global shortages in vaccine stockpiles, highlight a pressing need to assess present control strategies. The aims of this study were to estimate global yellow fever vaccination coverage from 1970 through to 2016 at high spatial resolution and to calculate the number of individuals still requiring vaccination to reach population coverage thresholds for outbreak prevention. METHODS: For this adjusted retrospective analysis, we compiled data from a range of sources (eg, WHO reports and health-service-provider registeries) reporting on yellow fever vaccination activities between May 1, 1939, and Oct 29, 2016...
August 16, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822767/eurostemcell-a-european-infrastructure-for-communication-and-engagement-with-stem-cell-research
#6
REVIEW
Jan Barfoot, Kate Doherty, C Clare Blackburn
EuroStemCell is a large and growing network of organizations and individuals focused on public engagement with stem cells and regenerative medicine - a fluid and contested domain, where scientific, political, ethical, legal and societal perspectives intersect. Rooted in the European stem cell research community, this project has developed collaborative and innovative approaches to information provision and direct and online engagement, that reflect and respond to the dynamic growth of the field itself. EuroStemCell started as the communication and outreach component of a research consortium and subsequently continued as a stand-alone engagement initiative...
August 16, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822701/clinical-applications-of-biomarkers-in-atrial-fibrillation
#7
REVIEW
Kay-Won Chang, Jonathan C Hsu, Avinash Toomu, Sutton Fox, Alan S Maisel
While biomarkers have greatly impacted the diagnosis and management of myocardial infarction and heart failure, the use of biomarkers has been slow to permeate management of atrial fibrillation. Guideline recommendations on the use of biomarkers in atrial fibrillation were virtually non-existent until the 2016 European Society of Cardiology guidelines on atrial fibrillation offered a class IIb recommendation to consider using biomarkers such as high sensitivity troponin and natriuretic peptide to further refine stroke and bleeding risk in atrial fibrillation patients...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822349/the-icrc-am-pm-database-challenges-in-forensic-data-management-in-the-humanitarian-sphere
#8
Ute Hofmeister, Shuala S Martin, Carlos Villalobos, Juliana Padilla, Oran Finegan
Large-scale forensic investigations should include a robust data management system with software capable of performing all tasks relevant to achieving the objectives of the investigation. Data management involves the collection, archiving, analysis and reporting of data. A successful data management system requires the development of protocols, procedures and policies, such as on data protection, as well as tools, including software. Adequate training for staff is also required, along with strict quality control and assurance regimens...
July 27, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822347/screening-and-confirmation-of-steroids-and-nitroimidazoles-in-urine-blood-and-food-matrices-sample-preparation-methods-and-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometric-separations
#9
Ádám Tölgyesi, Enikő Barta, Andrea Simon, Thomas J McDonald, Virender K Sharma
Veterinary drugs containing synthetic anabolic steroid and nitroimidazole active agents are not allowed for their applications in livestock of the European Union (EU). This paper presents analyses of twelve selected steroids and six nitroimidazole antibiotics at low levels (1.56μg/L-4.95μg/L and 0.17μg/kg-2.14μg/kg, respectively) in body fluids and egg incurred samples. Analyses involved clean-up procedures, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) separation, and tandem mass spectrometric screening and confirmatory methods...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822332/eso-esmo-3rd-international-consensus-guidelines-for-breast-cancer-in-young-women-bcy3
#10
Shani Paluch-Shimon, Olivia Pagani, Ann H Partridge, Omalkhair Abulkhair, Maria-João Cardoso, Rebecca Alexandra Dent, Karen Gelmon, Oreste Gentilini, Nadia Harbeck, Anita Margulies, Dror Meirow, Giancarlo Pruneri, Elzbieta Senkus, Tanja Spanic, Medha Sutliff, Luzia Travado, Fedro Peccatori, Fatima Cardoso
The 3rd International Consensus Conference for Breast Cancer in Young Women (BCY3) took place in November 2016, in Lugano, Switzerland organized by the European School of Oncology (ESO) and the European Society of Medical Oncologists (ESMO). Consensus recommendations for the management of breast cancer in young women were updated from BCY2 with incorporation of new evidence to inform the guidelines, and areas of research priorities were identified. This manuscript summarizes the ESO-ESMO international consensus recommendations, which are also endorsed by the European Society of Breast Specialists (EUSOMA)...
August 16, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822255/malnutrition-in-postacute-geriatric-care-basic-espen-diagnosis-and-etiology-based-diagnoses-analyzed-by-length-of-stay-in-hospital-mortality-and-functional-rehabilitation-indexes
#11
Dolores Sánchez-Rodríguez, Ester Marco, Cédric Annweiler, Natalia Ronquillo-Moreno, Andrea Tortosa, Olga Vázquez-Ibar, Ferran Escalada, Xavier Duran, Josep M Muniesa
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationships between malnutrition and nutrition-related conditions according to the European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) consensus and guidelines and clinical outcomes in postacute rehabilitation. METHODS: Of 102 eligible inpatients, 95 (84.5 years old, 63.2% women) fulfilled inclusion criteria: aged ≥70 years, body mass index <30kg/m(2), admission for rehabilitation. Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF≤11) identified patients "at risk" and ESPEN basic and etiology based definitions were applied...
August 2, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822203/the-first-report-of-aelurostrongylus-falciformis-schlegel-1933-nematoda-metastrongyloidea-in-badger-meles-meles-in-poland
#12
Aleksander W Demiaszkiewicz, Katarzyna J Filip, Anna M Pyziel
Aelurostrongylus falciformis belongs to the superfamily of Metastrongyloidea. This nematode occurs in European badgers and locates in lungs, in respiratory tract. Numerous species of land snails are intermediate hosts of the parasite. In 2015, parasitological necropsy of 9 badgers, shot in the Forest District Głęboki Bród in Augustowska Primeval Forest, was performed. Two examined animals were infected with nematodes A. falciformis. In the lungs of each badger two specimens of nematodes were detected (male and female)...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822181/-situation-analysis-and-standard-formulation-of-pesticide-residues-in-traditional-chinese-medicines
#13
Wan-Zhen Yang, Chuan-Zhi Kang, Rui-Feng Ji, L I Zhou, Sheng Wang, Zhen-Hao Li, Zhong-Hua Ma, Lan-Ping Guo
Chinese Pharmacopoeia provides nine pesticide Maximum Residual Limits(MRLs) of traditional Chinese medicines(TCMs), The number of pesticides used in production are far more than those listed in pharmacopoeia. The lack of the standards make it's hard to reflect the real situation of pesticide residues in TCMs correctly. The paper is aimed to analyze the data of pesticide residues in TCMs from 7 089 items in 140 reports, and judging the exceedance rate of pesticides in TCMs using the MRLs of European pharmacopoeia,which is widely accepted in many countries...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822167/-european-union-regulatory-and-quality-requirements-for-botanical-drugs-and-their-implications-for-chinese-herbal-medicinal-products-development
#14
You-Ping Zhu
This paper introduces regulatory pathways and characteristic quality requirements for marketing authorization of herbal medicinal products in the European Union(EU), and the legal status and applications of "European Union list of herbal substances, preparations and combinations" and "European Union herbal monographs". Also introduced are Chinese herbs that have been granted the EU list entry, those with EU herbal monographs, and registered EU traditional herbal medicinal products with Chinese herbs as active ingredients...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822099/insecticide-toxicity-to-the-borer-neoleucinodes-elegantalis-guen%C3%A3-e-lepidoptera-crambidae-developmental-and-egg-laying-effects
#15
R S Silva, L P Arcanjo, J R S Soares, D O Ferreira, J E Serrão, J C Martins, Á H Costa, M C Picanço
Neoleucinodes elegantalis (Guenée) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) is one of the major pests of solanaceous plants in South America. It is considered a great threat by the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization due to the serious economic damage that it causes on tomato farms; therefore, controlling this pest is a challenging task in South America. Controlling N. elegantalis at the egg stage is the best way to prevent it from damaging crops; however, thorough studies about the effectiveness of chemicals on the different life stages of this insect pest are lacking...
August 18, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822025/cardiovascular-health-in-st-louis-bosnian-americans
#16
Maximillian T Bourdillon, Asad S Akhter, Dejan Vrtikapa, Amer Avdagic, Marc A McNeese, Richard Lee, Dawn S Hui
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, cardiovascular disease accounts for nearly 50% of deaths. Cardiovascular health of resettled Bosnian-Americans has not been well-characterized. Our study aimed to quantify cardiovascular risk in Bosnian-Americans in St. Louis, the largest non-European center of resettlement. Seven community screenings focused on Bosnian-Americans were held. Cardiovascular risk was calculated to stratify individuals into low (<10%), moderate (10-20%), and high (>20%) risk. Those with self-reported coronary heart disease (CHD) or risk equivalent were considered high-risk...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821736/ecological-speciation-in-a-generalist-consumer-expands-the-trophic-niche-of-a-dominant-predator
#17
Stephen M Thomas, Chris Harrod, Brian Hayden, Tommi Malinen, Kimmo K Kahilainen
Ecological speciation - whereby an ancestral founder species diversifies to fill vacant niches - is a phenomenon characteristic of newly formed ecosystems. Despite such ubiquity, ecosystem-level effects of such divergence remain poorly understood. Here, we compared the trophic niche of European whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus) and their predators in a series of contrasting subarctic lakes where this species had either diversified into four ecomorphologically distinct morphs or instead formed monomorphic populations...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821600/estradiol-modulates-hemispheric-lateralization-of-auditory-evoked-neural-activity-in-male-european-starlings-sturnus-vulgaris
#18
Jake V Aronowitz, Kristena L Newman, Courtney R McDermott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821373/eular-2017-annual-european-congress-of-rheumatology-june-14-17-2017-madrid-spain
#19
Daniel W Stuckey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 12, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821334/external-validation-of-a-prognostic-model-of-survival-for-resected-typical-bronchial-carcinoids
#20
Maria Cattoni, Eric Vallières, Lisa M Brown, Amir A Sarkeshik, Stefano Margaritora, Alessandra Siciliani, Andrea Imperatori, Nicola Rotolo, Farhood Farjah, Grace Wandell, Kimberly Costas, Catherine Mann, Michal Hubka, Stephen Kaplan, Alexander S Farivar, Ralph W Aye, Brian E Louie
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the reliability and the validity of a prognostic model of survival recently developed by the European Society of Thoracic Surgery Neuroendocrine Tumor Working Group to predict 5-year overall survival after surgical resection of pulmonary typical carcinoid. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data on 240 consecutive patients (164 men, 76 women; median age, 58 years [interquartile range, 47 to 68]) who underwent curative lung resection for pulmonary typical carcinoid in seven centers between 2000 and 2015...
August 16, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
keyword
keyword
2031
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"