Read by QxMD icon Read


Rainer Schandry, Daniela Lindauer, Matthias Mauz
Low blood pressure is rather widespread among adolescents and frequently accompanied by complaints. Two single-center, double-blinded, randomized, and placebo-controlled trials were performed with adolescent participants in the age range of 14 - 17 y having a systolic blood pressure below 118 mmHg (boys) or 110 mmHg (girls). They received a single dose of 20 drops of a fixed combination of natural D-camphor and an ethanolic extract from fresh Crataegus berries (CCC) or of an ethanolic placebo. The efficacy of CCC (commercial name Korodin) has proven its efficacy in the treatment of low blood pressure in adults of all ages, although related placebo-controlled, double-blind studies for adolescents following European (EU) pediatric regulations are lacking...
June 18, 2018: Planta Medica
Falk Kiefer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 18, 2018: European Addiction Research
Inês Mota, Ângela Gaspar, Mário Morais-Almeida
BACKGROUND: Perioperative use of cefazolin has been associated with severe allergic reactions, and patients are usually labelled as allergic to penicillin afterwards. The aim of our study was to describe a group of patients with immediate reactions to cefazolin, with proven selective hypersensitivity reactions. METHODS: Systematic review of all patients followed at our drug centre with cefazolin-related reactions, between January 2012 and December 2016. All patients were investigated according to the European Network for Drug Allergy (ENDA) recommendations through skin testing (major and minor penicillin determinants, penicillin, amoxicillin, cefazolin, cefuroxime and ceftriaxone) and oral challenges tests...
June 18, 2018: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
George M Vlăsceanu, Roxana-Maria Amărandi, Mariana Ioniță, Teddy Tite, Horia Iovu, Luisa Pilan, Jorge S Burns
Technological advances in engineering and cell biology stimulate novel approaches for medical treatment, in particular cell-based therapy. The first cell-based gene therapy against cancer was recently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. Progress in cancer diagnosis includes a blood test detecting five cancer types. Numerous stem cell phase I/II clinical trials showing safety and efficacy will soon pursue qualifying criteria for advanced therapy medicinal products (ATMP), aspiring to join the first stem-cell therapy approved by the European Medicines Agency...
May 1, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Estha J Schmidlin, Maryna Steyn, Tobias M R Houlton, Nanette Briers
Knowledge of facial ageing is important in forensic facial approximation and photo identification. Previous studies mostly investigated facial ageing in European faces, and this research therefore aims to provide data on patterns of facial ageing in an African sample. One hundred eighty-nine black South African males aged 20 years and older were photographed in anterior and lateral views. Facial images were captured in a consistent position by using a Canon EOS 1300D camera and 18- to 55-mm EFS lens. Thirty individuals per decade were included, with the 80+ age category being limited to only nine participants...
May 18, 2018: Forensic Science International
Sivan Peretz Damari, Dima Shamrakov, Maxim Varenik, Erez Koren, Einat Nativ-Roth, Yechezkel Barenholz, Oren Regev
Size and morphology distributions are critical to the performance of nano-drug systems, as they determine drug pharmacokinetics and biodistribution. Therefore, comprehensive and reliable analyses of these properties are required by both the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA). In this study, we compared two most commonly used approaches for assessing the size distribution and morphology of liposomal nano-drug systems, namely, dynamic light scattering (DLS) and cryogenic-transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM); an automated quantitative analysis method was developed for the latter method...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Ursula Winterfeld, Corinna Weber-Schöndorfer, Christof Schaefer, Erik von Elm, Thierry Buclin
The European Network of Teratology Information Services (ENTIS) is in a privileged position to perform independent post-marketing surveillance of drugs in pregnancy. The aim of this survey was to describe the legal requirements and procedures involved in obtaining ethical approval for collaborative cohort studies. We sent a survey questionnaire to all 28 Teratology Information Services (TIS), of which 25 (89%) in 18 countries completed our questionnaire. For 15 TIS, specific research ethical approval was mandatory...
June 15, 2018: Reproductive Toxicology
Robson E Silva, João L Baldim, Daniela A Chagas-Paula, Marisi G Soares, João H G Lago, Reggiani V Gonçalves, Rômulo D Novaes
The variability of molecular signatures and predictive low molecular weight markers of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in different populations are poorly understood. Thus, in a large sample with 4763 people we compare the molecular signatures and metabolites with diagnostic relevance in plasma and urine of CKD patients of different geographical origins. From an integrated model based on dynamic networks and multivariate statistics, metabolites with predictive value obtained from targeted and untargeted molecular analysis, interactions between metabolic pathways affected by CKD, and the methodological quality of metabolomic studies were analyzed...
June 15, 2018: Biochimie
Ralf R Tönjes
BACKGROUND: For xenotransplantation, strategies to prevent transmission of microorganisms from the source animal to the human recipient must be closely coordinated since tissues and organs are classified as non-sterile. Strategies for international cooperation and coordination of xenogeneic infection / disease surveillance and response are available. METHODS: The regulatory frameworks and criteria on microbial safety as published by World Health Organization (WHO), European Pharmacopoeia (Ph...
May 2018: Xenotransplantation
Mary F Feitosa, Aldi T Kraja, Daniel I Chasman, Yun J Sung, Thomas W Winkler, Ioanna Ntalla, Xiuqing Guo, Nora Franceschini, Ching-Yu Cheng, Xueling Sim, Dina Vojinovic, Jonathan Marten, Solomon K Musani, Changwei Li, Amy R Bentley, Michael R Brown, Karen Schwander, Melissa A Richard, Raymond Noordam, Hugues Aschard, Traci M Bartz, Lawrence F Bielak, Rajkumar Dorajoo, Virginia Fisher, Fernando P Hartwig, Andrea R V R Horimoto, Kurt K Lohman, Alisa K Manning, Tuomo Rankinen, Albert V Smith, Salman M Tajuddin, Mary K Wojczynski, Maris Alver, Mathilde Boissel, Qiuyin Cai, Archie Campbell, Jin Fang Chai, Xu Chen, Jasmin Divers, Chuan Gao, Anuj Goel, Yanick Hagemeijer, Sarah E Harris, Meian He, Fang-Chi Hsu, Anne U Jackson, Mika Kähönen, Anuradhani Kasturiratne, Pirjo Komulainen, Brigitte Kühnel, Federica Laguzzi, Jian'an Luan, Nana Matoba, Ilja M Nolte, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Muhammad Riaz, Rico Rueedi, Antonietta Robino, M Abdullah Said, Robert A Scott, Tamar Sofer, Alena Stančáková, Fumihiko Takeuchi, Bamidele O Tayo, Peter J van der Most, Tibor V Varga, Veronique Vitart, Yajuan Wang, Erin B Ware, Helen R Warren, Stefan Weiss, Wanqing Wen, Lisa R Yanek, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Saima Afaq, Najaf Amin, Marzyeh Amini, Dan E Arking, Tin Aung, Eric Boerwinkle, Ingrid Borecki, Ulrich Broeckel, Morris Brown, Marco Brumat, Gregory L Burke, Mickaël Canouil, Aravinda Chakravarti, Sabanayagam Charumathi, Yii-Der Ida Chen, John M Connell, Adolfo Correa, Lisa de Las Fuentes, Renée de Mutsert, H Janaka de Silva, Xuan Deng, Jingzhong Ding, Qing Duan, Charles B Eaton, Georg Ehret, Ruben N Eppinga, Evangelos Evangelou, Jessica D Faul, Stephan B Felix, Nita G Forouhi, Terrence Forrester, Oscar H Franco, Yechiel Friedlander, Ilaria Gandin, He Gao, Mohsen Ghanbari, Bruna Gigante, C Charles Gu, Dongfeng Gu, Saskia P Hagenaars, Göran Hallmans, Tamara B Harris, Jiang He, Sami Heikkinen, Chew-Kiat Heng, Makoto Hirata, Barbara V Howard, M Arfan Ikram, Ulrich John, Tomohiro Katsuya, Chiea Chuen Khor, Tuomas O Kilpeläinen, Woon-Puay Koh, José E Krieger, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Michiaki Kubo, Johanna Kuusisto, Timo A Lakka, Carl D Langefeld, Claudia Langenberg, Lenore J Launer, Benjamin Lehne, Cora E Lewis, Yize Li, Shiow Lin, Jianjun Liu, Jingmin Liu, Marie Loh, Tin Louie, Reedik Mägi, Colin A McKenzie, Thomas Meitinger, Andres Metspalu, Yuri Milaneschi, Lili Milani, Karen L Mohlke, Yukihide Momozawa, Mike A Nalls, Christopher P Nelson, Nona Sotoodehnia, Jill M Norris, Jeff R O'Connell, Nicholette D Palmer, Thomas Perls, Nancy L Pedersen, Annette Peters, Patricia A Peyser, Neil Poulter, Leslie J Raffel, Olli T Raitakari, Kathryn Roll, Lynda M Rose, Frits R Rosendaal, Jerome I Rotter, Carsten O Schmidt, Pamela J Schreiner, Nicole Schupf, William R Scott, Peter S Sever, Yuan Shi, Stephen Sidney, Mario Sims, Colleen M Sitlani, Jennifer A Smith, Harold Snieder, John M Starr, Konstantin Strauch, Heather M Stringham, Nicholas Y Q Tan, Hua Tang, Kent D Taylor, Yik Ying Teo, Yih Chung Tham, Stephen T Turner, André G Uitterlinden, Peter Vollenweider, Melanie Waldenberger, Lihua Wang, Ya Xing Wang, Wen Bin Wei, Christine Williams, Jie Yao, Caizheng Yu, Jian-Min Yuan, Wei Zhao, Alan B Zonderman, Diane M Becker, Michael Boehnke, Donald W Bowden, John C Chambers, Ian J Deary, Tõnu Esko, Martin Farrall, Paul W Franks, Barry I Freedman, Philippe Froguel, Paolo Gasparini, Christian Gieger, Jost Bruno Jonas, Yoichiro Kamatani, Norihiro Kato, Jaspal S Kooner, Zoltán Kutalik, Markku Laakso, Cathy C Laurie, Karin Leander, Terho Lehtimäki, Lifelines Cohort Study, Patrik K E Magnusson, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Brenda W J H Penninx, Ozren Polasek, David J Porteous, Rainer Rauramaa, Nilesh J Samani, James Scott, Xiao-Ou Shu, Pim van der Harst, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Nicholas J Wareham, Hugh Watkins, David R Weir, Ananda R Wickremasinghe, Tangchun Wu, Wei Zheng, Claude Bouchard, Kaare Christensen, Michele K Evans, Vilmundur Gudnason, Bernardo L Horta, Sharon L R Kardia, Yongmei Liu, Alexandre C Pereira, Bruce M Psaty, Paul M Ridker, Rob M van Dam, W James Gauderman, Xiaofeng Zhu, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Myriam Fornage, Charles N Rotimi, L Adrienne Cupples, Tanika N Kelly, Ervin R Fox, Caroline Hayward, Cornelia M van Duijn, E Shyong Tai, Tien Yin Wong, Charles Kooperberg, Walter Palmas, Kenneth Rice, Alanna C Morrison, Paul Elliott, Mark J Caulfield, Patricia B Munroe, Dabeeru C Rao, Michael A Province, Daniel Levy
Heavy alcohol consumption is an established risk factor for hypertension; the mechanism by which alcohol consumption impact blood pressure (BP) regulation remains unknown. We hypothesized that a genome-wide association study accounting for gene-alcohol consumption interaction for BP might identify additional BP loci and contribute to the understanding of alcohol-related BP regulation. We conducted a large two-stage investigation incorporating joint testing of main genetic effects and single nucleotide variant (SNV)-alcohol consumption interactions...
2018: PloS One
Virginia Velasco-Tirado, Montserrat Alonso-Sardón, Adriana Cosano-Quero, Ángela Romero-Alegría, Leire Sánchez-Los Arcos, Amparo López-Bernus, Javier Pardo-Lledías, Moncef Belhassen-García
BACKGROUND: Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN) are serious mucocutaneous reactions. In Spain, the epidemiology and resulting expenses of these diseases are not well established. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective descriptive study using the Minimum Basic Data Set (CMBD in Spanish) in patients admitted to hospitals of the National Health System between 2010 and 2015 with a diagnosis of SJS and TEN (combination of ICD-9 codes 695.13, 695.14, and 695...
2018: PloS One
Annie N Samraj, Kimberly A Bertrand, Robert Luben, Zahra Khedri, Hai Yu, Dzung Nguyen, Christopher J Gregg, Sandra L Diaz, Sherilyn Sawyer, Xi Chen, Heather Eliassen, Vered Padler-Karavani, Kana Wu, Kay-Tee Khaw, Walter Willett, Ajit Varki
BACKGROUND: N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc) is a non-human red-meat-derived sialic acid immunogenic to humans. Neu5Gc can be metabolically incorporated into glycan chains on human endothelial and epithelial surfaces. This represents the first example of a "xeno-autoantigen", against which circulating human "xeno-autoantibodies" can react. The resulting inflammation ("xenosialitis") has been demonstrated in human-like Neu5Gc-deficient mice and contributed to carcinoma progression via antibody-mediated inflammation...
2018: PloS One
Floortje Mols, Olga Husson, Marije Oudejans, Carla Vlooswijk, Nicole Horevoorts, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse
OBJECTIVE: Cancer and its treatment have an influence on health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Normative data could help to interpret HRQOL among cancer patients. Our aim was to generate longitudinal normative data based on sex, age and morbidity for the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 questionnaire. METHODS: The QLQ-C30 and the Self-administered Comorbidity Questionnaire were administered to a representative panel of the Dutch-speaking population in the Netherlands in 2009 (n = 1743), 2010 (n = 2050), 2011 (n = 2040), 2012 (n = 2194) and 2013 (n = 2333)...
June 18, 2018: Acta Oncologica
Jacob L Freeman, Ascher B Kaufmann, Richard G Everson, Franco DeMonte, Shaan M Raza
BACKGROUND: There are no guidelines regarding post-treatment surveillance specific to skull base chordomas. OBJECTIVE: To determine an optimal imaging surveillance schedule to detect both local and distant metastatic skull base chordoma recurrences. METHODS: A retrospective review of 91 patients who underwent treatment for skull base chordoma between 1993 and 2017 was conducted. Time to and location of local and distant recurrence(s) were cataloged...
April 18, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Joan Forns, Hein Stigum, Birgit Bjerre Høyer, Isabelle Sioen, Eva Sovcikova, Nikola Nowack, Maria-Jose Lopez-Espinosa, Mònica Guxens, Jesús Ibarluzea, Matias Torrent, Jürgen Wittsiepe, Eva Govarts, Tomas Trnovec, Cecile Chevrier, Gunnar Toft, Martine Vrijheid, Nina Iszatt, Merete Eggesbø
Background: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is increasing worldwide for reasons largely unknown and environmental chemicals with neurotoxic properties, such as persistent organic pollutants (POPs), have been proposed to play a role. We investigated the association between prenatal and postnatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyl-153 (PCB-153), p-p´-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (p-p'-DDE) and hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and ADHD in childhood. Methods: We pooled seven European birth cohort studies encompassing 4437 mother-child pairs from the general population with concentrations of PCB-153, p-p´-DDE and HCB measured in cord blood, maternal blood or milk...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
Jolanda van der Velden, Carlo Gabriele Tocchetti, Gilda Varricchi, Anna Bianco, Vasco Sequeira, Denise Hilfiker-Kleiner, Nazha Hamdani, Adelino Leite-Moreira, Manuel Mayr, Ines Falcão-Pires, Thomas Thum, Dana K Dawson, Jean-Luc Balligand, Stephane Heymans
Disturbed metabolism as a consequence of obesity and diabetes may cause cardiac diseases (recently highlighted in the CVR spotlight issue on Metabolic cardiomyopathies).1 In turn, the metabolism of the heart may also be disturbed in genetic and acquired forms of hypertrophic cardiac disease. Here, we provide an overview of recent insights on metabolic changes in genetic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and discuss several therapies which may be explored to target disturbed metabolism and prevent onset of cardiac hypertrophy...
June 15, 2018: Cardiovascular Research
José M Gatell, Lambert Assoumou, Graeme Moyle, Laura Waters, Margaret Johnson, Pere Domingo, Julie Fox, Esteban Martinez, Hans-Jürgen Stellbrink, Giovanni Guaraldi, Mar Masia, Mark Gompels, Stephane De Wit, Eric Florence, Stefan Esser, François Raffi, Christoph Stephan, Juergen Rockstroh, Andrea Giacomelli, Jaime Vera, José Ignacio Bernardino, Alan Winston, Maria Saumoy, Julien Gras, Christine Katlama, Anton L Pozniak
Background: Both immediate or deferred switching from a PI/r to DTG may improve lipid profile. Methods: NEAT022 is a European, open label, randomized, trial. HIV-infected adults ≥ 50 years or with a Framingham score ≥10% were eligible if HIV RNA < 50 copies/mL. Patients were randomized to switch the PI/r to DTG immediately (DTG-I) or to deferred switch at week 48 (DTG-D) . Week 96 end-points were: proportion of patients with HIV RNA < 50 copies/ml, percentage change of lipid fractions and adverse events...
June 14, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Ruth Rosales, Loreto Rojas, Francisco Zamora, Giannina Izquierdo, Claudia Benavides, Claudio González
Polymyxins have been available since the 1960s, however, because of their adverse effects, their use has been reserved for the treatment of infections caused by multiresistant bacteria. The increase in the clinical experience acquired in recent years and the published medical literature have raised doubts about the information provided by the product, indicating the need to update dosage recommendations, pharmacokinetics and pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic information (PK/PD). In addition, differences in concentration and dose between the different products of colistin may lead to errors of indication/administration and pose a risk to patients...
April 2018: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Giovanni Alessandrini, Rosaria Ciccarelli, Gemma Battagliese, Federica Cereatti, Simona Gencarelli, Marisa Patrizia Messina, Mario Vitali, Francesca De Rosa, Roberta Ledda, Serena Mancini, Maria Luisa Attilia
RIASSUNTO. Il fenomeno delle persone senza fissa dimora sta assumendo in questi anni una rilevanza sociale devastante, con una prevalenza stimata in USA e in Europa compresa tra il 5,6% e il 13,9%. Queste persone hanno una scarsa qualità di vita, una limitata o assente vita sociale, sono spesso disoccupate o lavorano solo saltuariamente. Sono a rischio di problemi con la legge, sono spesso affette da dipendenza da droghe, da patologie psichiatriche e internistiche. L'alcol spesso non rappresenta la causa della loro condizione sociale, ma solo la conseguenza, contribuendo in questo modo al loro degrado bio-psico-sociale...
May 2018: Rivista di Psichiatria
Dimitri Poddighe, Ilaria Brambilla, Amelia Licari, Gian Luigi Marseglia
BACKGROUND: Acute pain is one of the major complaints reported in pediatric emergency departments and general wards. Recently, both the US Food and Drug Administration and European Medicine Agency emitted some warnings regarding the use of opioids, including codeine, in children. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were summarizing the main pharmacological aspects of ibuprofen, discussing the current evidence about the use of ibuprofen in different and specific clinical settings, and providing a comparison with acetaminophen and/or codeine, according to available studies...
June 14, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"