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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908964/effects-of-the-etonogestrel-contraceptive-implant-implanon%C3%A2-on-bone-metabolism-during-lactation-a-prospective-study
#1
Candan Iltemir Duvan, Yuksel Onaran, Esra Aktepe Keskin, Ebru Yüce, Burcu Yanık, Hasan Kafali, Nilgun Ozturk Turhan
AIM: To evaluate the effects of the etonogestrel contraceptive implant (Implanon(®)) on bone metabolism in lactating women using markers for bone formation and resorption. STUDY DESIGN: This single-centre, prospective cohort study was conducted in Turgut Ozal University Medical Faculty Obstetrics and Gynecology Department with healthy lactating women aged between 24 and 38 years to compare the effect on bone metabolism of 6 months' use of either the implant or a non-hormonal contraceptive method...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833514/haematological-and-biochemical-effects-of-etonogestrel-subdermal-implant-implanon-in-ilorin-nigeria
#2
Olayinka R Balogun, Abiodun S Adeniran, Adebayo A Adewole
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of etonogestrel subdermal implant (Implanon) on haematological and biochemical parameters of its users. METHODOLOGY: A prospective observational study among healthy women using Implanon for contraception. The study site was the family planning clinic of the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria. Informed consent was obtained and participants were followed up for three years. Follow up parameters were haematological and biochemical evaluation at insertion (baseline), first and third years post-insertion...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695725/patients-perspectives-about-why-they-have-their-contraceptive-implanon-nxt-device-removed-early
#3
Meike Flore, Xiaoshuang Lilly Chen, Andrew Bonney, Judy Mullan, Bridget Dijkmans-Hadley, Adam Hodgkins, Gina Evans, Haley Frew, Gail Lloyd
BACKGROUND: Women with long-acting, reversible contraceptive devices inserted may choose to remove them prior to their planned expiry dates. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore Australian women's experiences with the etonogestrel subdermal contraceptive implant (Implanon NXT) and why they had it removed early. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 women between June 2013 and January 2014. Transcriptions of the audio-taped interviews were analysed using a constant comparative analysis framework...
October 2016: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615386/pharmacologic-treatment-of-the-ovarian-endometrioma
#4
Giuseppe Benagiano, Sun-Wei Guo, Paola Bianchi, Patrick Puttemans, Stephan Gordts, Felice Petraglia, Ivo Brosens
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of ovarian endometriomas is commonly achieved through laparoscopic surgery and this can be effective in eliminating the disease, although a majority of recent trials documented an adverse effect of surgery on ovarian reserve markers. With the advancement in imaging techniques, ovarian endometriomas are increasingly diagnosed at an earlier stage when the endometrioma may be smaller, less fibrotic and more responsive to medical treatment, making an evaluation of medical options critically important...
October 2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549429/retrospective-analysis-of-the-impact-of-increasing-access-to-long-acting-reversible-contraceptives-in-a-commercially-insured-population
#5
Amy Law, Dominic Pilon, Richard Lynen, François Laliberté, Laurence Gozalo, Patrick Lefebvre, Mei Sheng Duh
BACKGROUND: Unintended pregnancies have been shown to be associated with high costs for the healthcare system, among other adverse impacts, but could still account for up to 51 % of pregnancies in the US. Improvements in contraception among women are needed. Long acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs), which have proved their safety and efficacy, have been found to significantly decrease the risk of unintended pregnancy. Yet they are still marginally employed. This study aims at investigating the evolution of LARC use over 15 years and at assessing the impact of the introduction of newer LARCs on LARC use relative to all contraceptive use...
2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27172400/declining-rates-of-sterilization-procedures-in-western-australian-women-from-1990-to-2008-the-relationship-with-age-hospital-type-and-government-policy-changes
#6
Khadra A Jama-Alol, Alexandra P Bremner, Louise M Stewart, Anna Kemp-Casey, Eva Malacova, Rachael Moorin, Adeleh Shirangi, David B Preen
OBJECTIVE: To describe trends in age-specific incidence rates of female sterilization (FS) procedures in Western Australia and to evaluate the effects of the introduction of government-subsidized contraceptive methods and the implementation of the Australian government's baby bonus policy on FS rates. DESIGN: Population-based retrospective descriptive study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): All women ages 15-49 undergoing an FS procedure during the period January 1, 1990, to December 31, 2008 (n = 47,360 procedures)...
September 1, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125380/-safety-profile-of-etonogestrel-contraceptive-implant-nexplanon-%C3%A2-and-implanon-%C3%A2-reported-in-france
#7
C Simon, M S Agier, J Béné, C Muller, L Vrignaud, H Marret, A P Jonville-Bera
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the incidence of adverse effects (AE) reported with etonogestrel contraceptive implant in France (Implanon(®) and Nexplanon(®)). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All cases of AE or unintended pregnancies reported to health authorities or to the firm were analyzed. RESULTS: During 10 years, 5433 AE and 789 unintended pregnancies were reported. Only 388 (7 %) were serious. There were 1137 reports of difficulties to remove, failure to locate or migration, 430 of insertion difficulties and 203 of deformation or expulsion of the implant...
April 25, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26898737/the-production-of-solid-dosage-forms-from-non-degradable-polymers
#8
Ian Major, Evert Fuenmayor, Christopher McConville
Non-degradable polymers have an important function in medicine. Solid dosage forms for longer term implantation require to be constructed from materials that will not degrade or erode over time and also offer the utmost biocompatibility and biostability. This review details the three most important non-degradable polymers for the production of solid dosage forms - silicone elastomer, ethylene vinyl acetate and thermoplastic polyurethane. The hydrophobic, thermoset silicone elastomer is utilised in the production of a broad range of devices, from urinary catheter tubing for the prevention of biofilm to intravaginal rings used to prevent HIV transmission...
2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26545933/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-early-postpartum-etonogestrel-implant-implanon%C3%A2-use-and-its-effect-on-duration-of-lochia
#9
Kim C Dobromilsky, Penny L Allen, Stephen H Raymond, Bhavna Maindiratta
BACKGROUND: Etonogestrel (ENG) implants (Implanon(®)/Nexplanon(®)/Implanon NXT(®)) are employed as contraception in early postpartum patients. Follow-up is often not conducted by the hospital prescriber. Little is known about duration of lochia, in a modern setting, and even less is known about the effect of ENG implants on lochia. AIMS: To determine if early postpartum (pre-discharge) insertion of Implanon for contraception was associated with a significant difference in duration of lochia...
July 2016: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26466916/investigating-potential-effects-of-the-contraceptive-implanon-on-the-behavior-of-free-ranging-adult-female-barbary-macaques
#10
Amanda M Maijer, Stuart Semple
In recent years, the use of hormonal contraception in captive, free-ranging, and wild mammal populations has increased, but the effects on these nonhuman animals' behavior and the associated welfare impacts remain poorly understood. This study of free-ranging adult female Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus) at Trentham Monkey Forest compared females implanted with the progestin-only contraceptive Implanon to those not receiving contraception. Females with contraceptive implants had higher rates of self-scratching and spent more time self-grooming (2 behavioral indexes of anxiety) than those without implants...
2016: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26396559/hormonal-treatment-for-endometriosis-associated-pelvic-pain
#11
REVIEW
Wu Shun Felix Wong, Chi Eung Danforn Lim
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a common gynecological problem associated with chronic pelvic pain. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of current hormonal treatments of endometriosis associated pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized Controlled studies identified from databases of Medline and Cochrane Systemic Review groups were pooled. 7 RCTs were recruited for evaluation in this review. Data from these studies were pooled and meta-analysis was performed in three comparison groups: 1) Progestogen versus GnRHa; 2) Implanon versus Progestogen (injection); 3) Combined oral contraceptive pills versus placebo and progestogen...
2011: Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26341405/rural-women-are-more-likely-to-use-long-acting-contraceptive-in-tigray-region-northern-ethiopia-a-comparative-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mussie Alemayehu, Aster Kalayu, Alem Desta, Hailay Gebremichael, Tesfalem Hagos, Henock Yebyo
BACKGROUND: In the latest report of Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) 2011, the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) was estimated at 676/100,000 live births, with total fertility rate at 4.8 and contraceptive prevalence rate at 29 %. Knowledge and utilization of long acting contraceptive in the Tigray region are low. This study aims at comparing and identifying factors related to the utilization of long acting contraceptive in urban versus rural settings of Ethiopia. METHODS: A comparative community-based cross-sectional study, comprised of quantitative and qualitative methods, was conducted among 1035 married women in Wukro (urban area) and Kilteawlaelo district (rural area) in March, 2013...
2015: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25473316/association-between-long-acting-reversible-contraceptive-use-teenage-pregnancy-and-abortion-rates-in-england
#13
Anne Connolly, Guilhem Pietri, Jingbo Yu, Samantha Humphreys
BACKGROUND: Since the late 1990s, the British government has launched major strategies to address high teenage pregnancy and abortion rates in England. These have focused in part on improving access to contraception through national campaigns. This study assessed teenage pregnancy and abortion rate trends since 1998 and possible associations with usage of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs). METHODS: Teenage conception rates and age-specific abortion rates were obtained from the Office for National Statistics and the Department of Health...
2014: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25344209/subcutaneous-implant-with-etonogestrel-implanon%C3%A2-for-catamenial-exacerbations-in-a-patient-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-case-report
#14
Adelaida Lamas, Luis Máiz, Marta Ruiz de Valbuena, José Manuel González-Casbas, Lucrecia Suárez
BACKGROUND: Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disease with equal prevalence across sexes. However, women present worse lung function with faster function decline, earlier onset of bacterial colonization, more frequent pulmonary exacerbations (PE), greater bronchial hyper-responsiveness, and higher mortality rates after puberty than men. The etiology of this gender disparity remains elusive but female hormones have been implicated in several studies. CASE PRESENTATION: A 20-year-old female with CF with severe recurrent PE, always related to the menstrual cycle since menarche, combined with lung function decline requiring multiple courses of intravenous antibiotics...
2014: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24770099/a-survey-of-contraception-knowledge-among-incoming-interns-and-medical-students
#15
David Daniel, Nagaraj Gabbur
INTRODUCTION: Contraception is an important topic that is taught in medical school. The objective of this study is to assess contraceptive knowledge in incoming interns who have just graduated compared with students just entering medical school. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed using a survey regarding nine methods of contraception (natural family planning, condoms, Depo-Provera, patch, oral contraceptive pills, intrauterine device, diaphragm, NuvaRing, and Implanon)...
May 2014: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24591920/etonogestrel-contraceptive-implant-implanon-analysis-of-patient-compliance-and-adverse-effects-in-the-breastfeeding-period
#16
Candan İltemir Duvan, Elif Gözdemir, Ikbal Kaygusuz, Zeynep Kamalak, Nilgün Öztürk Turhan
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the compliance of patients and side effects of Implanon® during breast feeding. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective study of 61 postpartum women who chose Implanon® for long term contraception between April 2007 and December 2009. Compliance, side effects and removals were recorded. RESULTS: Amenorrhoea, prolonged bleeding, frequent bleeding and infrequent bleeding were reported in 20 (32%), 13 (21%), 4 (6.5%) and 2 (3...
2010: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24329119/continuation-rates-of-the-subdermal-contraceptive-implanon-%C3%A2-and-associated-influencing-factors
#17
Anna Maria Teunissen, Bernd Grimm, Frans J M E Roumen
OBJECTIVES To investigate the continuation rates of the etonogestrel subdermal contraceptive implant among well-informed women, and the reasons for early discontinuation. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective consecutive cohort design. METHODS Women who had the implant inserted between 1 January 2006 and 1 January 2010 at the Atrium Medical Centre, the Netherlands were followed up for at least three years. The dates of insertion and removal were recorded, as were the reasons for removal. Statistical analysis was performed using the independent samples t-test and the Pearson alpha correlation test...
February 2014: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24146298/treatment-of-vaginal-bleeding-irregularities-induced-by-progestin-only-contraceptives
#18
REVIEW
Hany Abdel-Aleem, Catherine d'Arcangues, Kirsten M Vogelsong, Mary Lyn Gaffield, A Metin Gülmezoglu
BACKGROUND: Despite their high effectiveness, progestin-only contraceptives are considered less than ideal by the many women who experience irregular vaginal bleeding when using them. Current treatments to control these bleeding problems are not sufficiently effective. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated preventive and therapeutic approaches to normalise bleeding irregularities associated with the use of progestin-only contraceptives. SEARCH METHODS: Literature was identified through database searches, reference lists, organisations and individuals, covering the period until May-June 2012...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24081205/a-uplc-ms-ms-method-for-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-etonogestrel
#19
Tiffany Thomas, Kelsey Petrie, Joonho Shim, Kirsten M Abildskov, Carolyn L Westhoff, Serge Cremers
INTRODUCTION: Etonogestrel (ENG) is a progestin used in the contraceptive vaginal ring NuvaRing and the subdermal implant Implanon. A sensitive method for measuring ENG is useful for further investigating the progestin's pharmacokinetics with these alternative contraceptive formulations and generating important information about possible continued efficacy or potential failure to remove the subdermal implant. METHODS: Standards and serum samples were spiked with D8-progesterone (internal standard) and subsequently extracted with dichloromethane, dried, and reconstituted in 25% methanol with formic acid...
December 2013: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24035007/addressing-unmet-need-for-long-acting-family-planning-in-ethiopia-uptake-of-single-rod-progestogen-contraceptive-implants-implanon-and-characteristics-of-users
#20
Mengistu Asnake, Elizabeth G Henry, Yewondwossen Tilahun, Elizabeth Oliveras
OBJECTIVE: To describe women who accept single-rod progestogen contraceptive implants (Implanon; N.V. Organon, Oss, Netherlands) from community health workers in Ethiopia and to assess whether community-based provision addresses unmet need for contraception. METHODS: Women who accepted Implanon during training events in 4 regions were asked about their characteristics and use of family planning. They were compared with implant users nationally and women with unmet need in the Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (DHS)...
November 2013: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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