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Diabetes. Insulin pump

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661916/sustained-reduction-in-severe-hypoglycemia-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-complicated-by-impaired-awareness-of-hypoglycemia-2-year-follow-up-in-the-hypocompass-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Stuart A Little, Jane Speight, Lalantha Leelarathna, Emma Walkinshaw, Horng Kai Tan, Anita Bowes, Alexandra Lubina-Solomon, Thomas J Chadwick, Deborah D Stocken, Catherine Brennand, Sally M Marshall, Ruth Wood, David Kerr, Daniel Flanagan, Simon R Heller, Mark L Evans, James A M Shaw
OBJECTIVE: Severe hypoglycemia is a feared complication of type 1 diabetes; yet, few trials have targeted prevention using optimized self-management (educational, therapeutic, and technological support). We aimed to investigate whether improved awareness and reduced severe hypoglycemia, achieved during an intensive randomized clinical trial (RCT), were sustained after return to routine care. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Ninety-six adults with type 1 diabetes (29 ± 12 years' duration) and impaired awareness of hypoglycemia at five U...
April 16, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652279/a-commentary-effects-on-glargine-insulin-on-glycemic-control-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-ii-undergoing-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-graft
#2
Soumya Sankar Nath, Pravin Kumar Das
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652278/effects-of-glargine-insulin-on-glycemic-control-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-ii-undergoing-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-graft
#3
Hemang Gandhi, Alpesh Sarvaia, Amber Malhotra, Himanshu Acharya, Komal Shah, Jeevraj Rajavat
Background: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus in patients requiring coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is noticeably high (20%-30%). These patients have inferior perioperative outcome, reduced long-term survival, and high risk of recurrent episodes of angina. To improve perioperative outcome surgical unit defined satisfactory glycemic control is desired during this period. Hence, the aim of our study is to compare the efficacy of glargine insulin combination with continuous human insulin infusion for perioperative glycemic control in patients with diabetes undergoing CABG...
April 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650309/open-loop-glucose-control-automatic-iob-based-super-bolus-feature-for-commercial-insulin-pumps
#4
Nicolás Rosales, Hernán De Battista, Josep Vehí, Fabricio Garelli
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Although there has been significant progress towards closed-loop type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) treatments, most diabetic patients still treat this metabolic disorder in an open-loop manner, based on insulin pump therapy (basal and bolus insulin infusion). This paper presents a method for automatic insulin bolus shaping based on insulin-on-board (IOB) as an alternative to conventional bolus dosing. METHODS: The methodology presented allows the pump to generate the so-called super-bolus (SB) employing a two-compartment IOB dynamic model...
June 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627802/cost-effectiveness-of-insulin-pumps-compared-with-multiple-daily-injections-both-provided-with-structured-education-for-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-health-economic-analysis-of-the-relative-effectiveness-of-pumps-over-structured-education-repose-randomised
#5
Daniel John Pollard, Alan Brennan, Simon Dixon, Norman Waugh, Jackie Elliott, Simon Heller, Ellen Lee, Michael Campbell, Hasan Basarir, David White
OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term cost-effectiveness of insulin pumps and Dose Adjustment for Normal Eating (pumps+DAFNE) compared with multiple daily insulin injections and DAFNE (MDI+DAFNE) for adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in the UK. METHODS: We undertook a cost-utility analysis using the Sheffield Type 1 Diabetes Policy Model and data from the Relative Effectiveness of Pumps over Structured Education (REPOSE) trial to estimate the lifetime incidence of diabetic complications, intervention-based resource use and associated effects on costs and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs)...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596402/prevalence-of-diagnosed-diabetes-in-adults-by-diabetes-type-united-states-2016
#6
Kai McKeever Bullard, Catherine C Cowie, Sarah E Lessem, Sharon H Saydah, Andy Menke, Linda S Geiss, Trevor J Orchard, Deborah B Rolka, Giuseppina Imperatore
Currently 23 million U.S. adults have been diagnosed with diabetes (1). The two most common forms of diabetes are type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes results from the autoimmune destruction of the pancreas's beta cells, which produce insulin. Persons with type 1 diabetes require insulin for survival; insulin may be given as a daily shot or continuously with an insulin pump (2). Type 2 diabetes is mainly caused by a combination of insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency (3). A small proportion of diabetes cases might be types other than type 1 or type 2, such as maturity-onset diabetes of the young or latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (3)...
March 30, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582531/metabolic-control-of-type-1-diabetes-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-multicenter-diabetes-patienten-verlaufsdokumentation-analysis-based-on-61-749-patients-up-to-20-years-of-age
#7
J-F Lemay, S Lanzinger, D Pacaud, P L Plener, A Fürst-Burger, T Biester, D Hilgard, E Lilienthal, A Galler, G Berger, R W Holl
BACKGROUND: A paucity of reports in the literature exists concerning the co-existence between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and type 1 diabetes (T1D). OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical characteristics, diabetes management and metabolic control in youth with T1D and ASD (T1D-ASD) with youth without ASD (T1D-non ASD). METHODS: Using the German/Austrian diabetes patient follow-up registry, this study analyzed aggregated data from the last available year of observation for each patient with T1D, ages 1-20 with consistent data on insulin regimen and glycated hemoglobin (A1C), between January, 2005 and March, 2017...
March 26, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577536/hypoglycaemia-incidence-and-recovery-during-home-use-of-hybrid-closed-loop-insulin-delivery-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#8
Y Ruan, L Bally, H Thabit, L Leelarathna, S Hartnell, M Tauschmann, M E Wilinska, M L Evans, J K Mader, H Kojzar, S Dellweg, C Benesch, S Arnolds, T R Pieber, R Hovorka
INTRODUCTION: Glucose excursion were assessed prior and post hypoglycaemia to increase understanding of hypoglycaemia incidence and recovery during hybrid closed-loop insulin delivery. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed data from 60 adults with type 1 diabetes who received in crossover randomised design day-and-night hybrid closed-loop insulin delivery and insulin pump therapy, the latter with or without real-time continuous glucose monitoring. Over 4-week study periods, we identified hypoglycaemic episodes defined as sensor glucose < 3...
March 25, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573171/diabetes-news
#9
Ann M Carracher, Payal H Marathe, Kelly L Close
More than 2,000 attendees gathered in Vienna, Austria in mid-February for the 11th annual Advanced Technologies and Treatments for Diabetes (ATTD) meeting. There, Dr David Klonoff presented results from Novo Nordisk's (Copenhagen, Denmark) Onset 5 study of Fiasp (faster-acting insulin aspart) vs. NovoLog (insulin aspart) in pump users. In adults with type 1 diabetes on a pump (n=472), HbA1c-lowering was non-inferior for Fiasp compared to NovoLog, dropping from a baseline 7.5% to 7.44% with Fiasp and from the same baseline to 7...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573166/suboptimal-behaviour-and-knowledge-regarding-overnight-glycaemia-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-is-common
#10
Christina R Larsson, Andrzej S Januszewski, Rachel T McGrath, Johnny Ludvigsson, Anthony C Keech, Richard J MacIsaac, Glenn M Ward, David N O'Neal, Gregory R Fulcher, Alicia J Jenkins
BACKGROUND: In people with Type 1 diabetes (T1D) nocturnal hypoglycaemia (NH) can be slept through, and can cause seizures, arrhythmias and death. Hypoglycaemia avoidance can induce hyperglycaemia and ketosis. Patient behaviour impacts clinical outcomes and may be changed by education. AIM: To develop and utilise a survey to evaluate patient self-management of overnight glycaemia in adults with Type 1 Diabetes (T1D). METHODS: Adults with T1D attending two Australian tertiary referral diabetes clinics completed a survey about their diabetes self-management and glycaemic control, including their responses to hypothetical pre-bed blood glucose (BG) levels (4-20mmol/L)...
March 23, 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565722/sensor-augmented-pump-based-customized-mathematical-model-for-type-1-diabetes
#11
Benyamin Grosman, Di Wu, Diana Miller, Louis Lintereur, Anirban Roy, Neha Parikh, Francine R Kaufman
BACKGROUND: Simulations using mathematical models are important for studying, developing, and improving therapies for people with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: The Medtronic CareLink® database was used to create virtual patients with a variety of inter-insulin sensitivities, meal absorption rates, pharmacokinetics, age, and gender. In addition, intra-insulin sensitivities of the virtual patients change over a 24-h cycle. RESULTS: A total of 2087 virtual patients were developed...
March 2018: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563012/diabetes-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#12
Ralph Ziegler, Andreas Neu
BACKGROUND: The incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus in childhood and adolescence is steadily rising and now stands at 22.9 new cases per year per 100 000 persons up to age 15. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications retrieved by a selective literature search, with special attention to the current German S3 guideline on diabetes in childhood and adolescence. RESULTS: Polydipsia, polyuria, and weight loss are the characteristic presenting symptoms of diabetes mellitus...
March 2, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559408/review-of-hyperglycaemia-definitions-and-pathophysiology
#13
Gaëlle Cheisson, Sophie Jacqueminet, Emmanuel Cosson, Carole Ichai, Anne-Marie Leguerrier, Bogdan Nicolescu-Catargi, Alexandre Ouattara, Igor Tauveron, Paul Valensi, Dan Benhamou
Diabetes mellitus is defined by chronic elevation of blood glucose linked to insulin resistance and/or insulinopaenia. Its diagnosis is based on a fasting blood-glucose level of ≥1.26g/L or, in some countries, a blood glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) level of >6.5%. Of the several forms of diabetes, type-2 diabetes (T2D) is the most common and is found in patients with other risk factors. In contrast, type-1 diabetes (T1D) is linked to the auto-immune destruction of β-pancreatic cells, leading to insulinopaenia...
March 17, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559406/working-party-approved-by-the-french-society-of-anaesthesia-and-intensive-care-medicine-sfar-and-the-french-society-for-the-study-of-diabetes-sfd
#14
Gaëlle Cheisson, Sophie Jacqueminet, Emmanuel Cosson, Carole Ichai, Anne-Marie Leguerrier, Bogdan Nicolescu-Catargi, Alexandre Ouattara, Igor Tauveron, Paul Valensi, Dan Benhamou
In diabetic patients undergoing surgery, we recommend assessing glycaemic control preoperatively by assessing glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels and recent capillary blood sugar (glucose) levels, and to adjust any treatments accordingly before surgery, paying particular attention to specific complications of diabetes. Gastroparesis creates a risk of stasis and aspiration of gastric content at induction of anaesthesia requiring the use of a rapid sequence induction technique. Cardiac involvement can be divided into several types...
March 17, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555548/working-party-approved-by-the-french-society-of-anaesthesia-and-intensive-care-medicine-sfar-and-the-french-society-for-the-study-of-diabetes-sfd
#15
Gaëlle Cheisson, Sophie Jacqueminet, Emmanuel Cosson, Carole Ichai, Anne-Marie Leguerrier, Bogdan Nicolescu-Catargi, Alexandre Ouattara, Igor Tauveron, Paul Valensi, Dan Benhamou
Follow on from continuous intravenous administration of insulin with an electronic syringe (IVES) is an important element in the postoperative management of a diabetic patient. The basal-bolus scheme is the most suitable taking into account the nutritional supply and variable needs for insulin, reproducing the physiology of a normal pancreas: (i) slow (long-acting) insulin (= basal) which should immediately take over from IVES insulin simulating basal secretion; (ii) ultra-rapid insulin to simulate prandial secretion (= bolus for the meal); and (iii) correction of possible hyperglycaemia with an additional ultra-rapid insulin bolus dose...
March 16, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555547/working-party-approved-by-the-french-society-of-anaesthesia-and-intensive-care-medicine-sfar-and-the-french-society-for-the-study-of-diabetes-sfd
#16
Cheisson Gaëlle, Jacqueminet Sophie, Cosson Emmanuel, Ichai Carole, Leguerrier Anne-Marie, Nicolescu-Catargi Bogdan, Ouattara Alexandre, Tauveron Igor, Valensi Paul, Benhamou Dan
Perioperative hyperglycaemia (>1.80g/L or 10 mmol/L) increases morbidity (particularly due to infection) and mortality. Hypoglycaemia can be managed in the perioperative period by decreasing blood sugar levels with insulin between 0.90 and 1.80g/l but it may occur more frequently when the goal is strict normoglycaemia. We propose continuous administration of insulin therapy via an electronic syringe (IVES) in type-1 diabetes (T1D) and type-2 diabetes (T2D) patients if required or in cases of stress hyperglycaemia...
March 16, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549246/an-audit-of-the-dietary-intake-of-australian-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#17
Heather R Gilbertson, Kristen Reed, Sarah Clark, Kate L Francis, Fergus J Cameron
To understand what children with type 1 diabetes in a representative tertiary hospital clinic are eating compared to their peers and explore dietary intake impact on HbA1c outcome. An open cross-sectional dietary audit of children and adolescents with diabetes aged 2-17 years attending the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne was conducted using an age-appropriate validated Food Frequency Questionnaire. Total energy, macronutrient intake and diet quality were calculated and compared to dietary advice provided and national intake data...
March 9, 2018: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547553/unannounced-meals-in-the-artificial-pancreas-detection-using-continuous-glucose-monitoring
#18
Charrise M Ramkissoon, Pau Herrero, Jorge Bondia, Josep Vehi
The artificial pancreas (AP) system is designed to regulate blood glucose in subjects with type 1 diabetes using a continuous glucose monitor informed controller that adjusts insulin infusion via an insulin pump. However, current AP developments are mainly hybrid closed-loop systems that include feed-forward actions triggered by the announcement of meals or exercise. The first step to fully closing the loop in the AP requires removing meal announcement, which is currently the most effective way to alleviate postprandial hyperglycemia due to the delay in insulin action...
March 16, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547046/american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-2018-position-statement-on-integration-of-insulin-pumps-and-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#19
George Grunberger, Yehuda Handelsman, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Vivian A Fonseca, Alan J Garber, Richard A Haas, Victor L Roberts, Guillermo E Umpierrez
This document represents the official position of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and American College of Endocrinology. Where there are no randomized controlled trials or specific U.S. FDA labeling for issues in clinical practice, the participating clinical experts utilized their judgment and experience. Every effort was made to achieve consensus among the committee members. Position statements are meant to provide guidance, but they are not to be considered prescriptive for any individual patient and cannot replace the judgment of a clinician...
March 2018: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542348/the-promise-and-perils-of-wearable-physiological-sensors-for-diabetes-management
#20
Frank L Schwartz, Cynthia R Marling, Razvan C Bunescu
Development of truly useful wearable physiologic monitoring devices for use in diabetes management is still in its infancy. From wearable activity monitors such as fitness trackers and smart watches to contact lenses measuring glucose levels in tears, we are just at the threshold of their coming use in medicine. Ultimately, such devices could help to improve the performance of sense-and-respond insulin pumps, illuminate the impact of physical activity on blood glucose levels, and improve patient safety. This is a summary of our experience attempting to use such devices to enhance continuous glucose monitoring-augmented insulin pump therapy...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
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