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Pediatrics body awareness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489221/addressing-eating-disorders-and-weight-control-in-children-and-adolescents
#1
Rachel S Dawson
How often do we look at a patient's body mass index (BMI) and only make a comment if the BMI is above normal in the overweight or obese category? As pediatricians, we often do not give it a second thought when the BMI is normal, and we generally do not counsel on healthy eating practices in these cases. However, when people are overweight, obese, and sometimes even normal weight they are told by family, friends, as well as physicians that they need to either not gain any more weight, or that they need to lose weight...
May 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463948/emergency-management-of-the-ingested-magnet-an-algorithmic-approach
#2
Brent Bauman, Kendall McEachron, Deborah Goldman, Amanda Louiselle, Eugene Zheng, David Mills, Jeffrey Louie, Bradley Segura
INTRODUCTION: Accidental ingestion of foreign bodies is an increasing problem in the pediatric population. Symptoms are often nonspecific and may lead to a missed diagnosis because the ingestion event often goes unwitnessed. CASE: We present a case of a missed diagnosis of a multiple magnet ingestion event in a pediatric patient leading to operative management. A 2-year-old boy with a 4-week history of nonspecific abdominal pain presented to the emergency department (ED) with vomiting and worsening abdominal pain...
May 1, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441071/efficacy-and-safety-of-23-gauge-pars-plana-vitrectomy-silicone-oil-tamponade-combination-for-treatment-of-pediatric-post-traumatic-endophthalmitis
#3
Wei Jin, Yaopeng Xu, Wenjun Wang, Yiqiao Xing, Anhuai Yang
PURPOSE: To determine (i) the etiology, epidemiology, mechanism of injury, and risk factors associated with open globe injuries (OGIs) in children and (ii) visual outcomes of pediatric patients with post-traumatic endophthalmitis following 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) combined with silicone oil tamponade (SOT). METHODS: A total of 107 consecutive patients, <15 years of age, who had been diagnosed with post-traumatic endophthalmitis between September 2009 and October 2015, were included in this 6-year retrospective study...
April 25, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435375/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-pediatricians-regarding-pediatric-liquid-medicaments
#4
K L Girish Babu, Geeta Maruti Doddamani, L R Kumaraswamy Naik
OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of pediatricians regarding pediatric liquid medicaments (PLMs) and its effect on dental health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A convenience sample of 103 pediatricians was asked to answer a questionnaire. RESULTS: A total number of 87 pediatricians completed the questionnaires. They considered age and body weight of the child (58%), cost of the medicine (40%), and pharmaceutical company (37%) to be relevant while prescribing...
January 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395531/a-transactional-framework-for-pediatric-rehabilitation-shifting-the-focus-to-situated-contexts-transactional-processes-and-adaptive-developmental-outcomes
#5
Gillian King, Christine Imms, Debra Stewart, Matt Freeman, Tram Nguyen
PURPOSE: A paradigm shift is taking place in pediatric rehabilitation research, practice, and policy - a shift towards the real-life contexts of clients rather than requiring clients to navigate the world of pediatric rehabilitation. This article proposes a conceptual framework to bring about a broader awareness of clients' lives and transactional processes of change over the life course. METHOD: The framework draws attention to transactional processes by which individuals, situated in life contexts, change and adapt over the life course and, in turn, influence their contextual settings and broader environments...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328699/a-mindfulness-program-adapted-for-adolescents-with-chronic-pain-feasibility-acceptability-and-initial-outcomes
#6
Danielle A Ruskin, Michelle M Gagnon, Sara A Kohut, Jennifer N Stinson, Kathryn S Walker
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric chronic pain is a major health issue which can lead to significant interference in daily functioning. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBI's), which emphasize acceptance rather than control of pain, have gained increasing attention as a viable treatment option among adults with chronic pain. The effectiveness of MBIs for chronic pain in pediatric populations remains largely unknown. This prospective pre-post interventional study was conducted to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and initial effectiveness of an 8-week group MBI for adolescents (MBI-A) with chronic pain...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165873/overuse-physeal-injuries-in-youth-athletes
#7
Amanda Arnold, Charles A Thigpen, Paul F Beattie, Michael J Kissenberth, Ellen Shanley
CONTEXT: Despite rising awareness of the risks associated with sports participation, overuse injuries continue to increase in youth athlete populations. Physeal injuries are one type of overuse injury exclusive to pediatric populations that are often sustained during athletic practice or competition. Overuse physeal injuries are, in theory, preventable; however, little consensus has been reached surrounding the risk factors, prevention, and treatment strategies. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review summarizes the best available evidence concerning overuse physeal injuries in youth and adolescent athletes...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164140/epidemiology-of-pediatric-burns-and-future-prevention-strategies-a-study-of-475-patients-from-a-high-volume-burn-center-in-north-india
#8
Amol Dhopte, V K Tiwari, Pankaj Patel, Rahul Bamal
BACKGROUND: Pediatric burns have a long-term social impact. This is more apparent in a developing country such as India, where their incidence and morbidity are high. The aim of this study was to provide recent prospective epidemiological data on pediatric burns in India and to suggest future preventive strategies. METHODS: Children up to 18 years old admitted to the Department of Burns, Plastic & Maxillofacial Surgery, VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, between January and December 2014 were included in the study...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143804/pediatric-residents-perceptions-of-potential-professionalism-violations-on-social-media-a-us-national-survey
#9
Rachel Dawkins, William D King, Beatrice Boateng, Michele Nichols, Bonnie C Desselle
BACKGROUND: The ubiquitous use of social media by physicians poses professionalism challenges. Regulatory bodies have disseminated guidelines related to physicians' use of social media. OBJECTIVE: This study had 2 objectives: (1) to understand what pediatric residents view as appropriate social media postings, and (2) to recognize the degree to which these residents are exposed to postings that violate social media professionalism guidelines. METHODS: We distributed an electronic survey to pediatric residents across the United States...
January 31, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099296/a-reexamination-of-the-accuracy-of-the-broselow-tape-as-an-instrument-for-weight-estimation
#10
Muhammad Waseem, Justin Chen, Mark Leber, Ashley E Giambrone, Linda M Gerber
BACKGROUND: Accurate weight estimation is important for calculating appropriate medication dosages, determining rates of fluid replacement, and selecting correct equipment sizes in critically ill children requiring resuscitation. The actual measurement of the weight of a critically ill or injured child is often not possible. The Broselow Pediatric Emergency Tape (BT) is an important tool for predicting a child's weight based on his/her height. Although BT has previously been validated, given the increasing prevalence of obesity in today's society, it behooves clinicians relying on this resuscitation aid to revisit the issue...
January 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959707/epidemiology-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-critically-ill-children-and-young-adults
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ahmad Kaddourah, Rajit K Basu, Sean M Bagshaw, Stuart L Goldstein
BACKGROUND: The epidemiologic characteristics of children and young adults with acute kidney injury have been described in single-center and retrospective studies. We conducted a multinational, prospective study involving patients admitted to pediatric intensive care units to define the incremental risk of death and complications associated with severe acute kidney injury. METHODS: We used the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes criteria to define acute kidney injury...
January 5, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907820/preauricular-pilomatricoma-an-uncommon-entity-in-a-dental-pediatric-patient
#12
Poyzan Bozkurt, Mehmet Eray Kolsuz, Ömer Günhan, Erdal Erdem, Kaan Orhan
INTRODUCTION: Pilomatricomas are benign follicular skin appendage tumors, commonly occurring in children and young adults. Most patients admit to dermatologists to seek treatment and are well known by them; however, dental professionals, especially pediatric dentists are not familiar with these tumors. PRESENTATION OF CASE: This report presents a 16-year-old female with preauricular pilomatricoma, located beneath the overlying skin of the temporomandibular region...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842763/disk-battery-ingestion-in-a-toddler-less-than-meets-the-eye
#13
Ian Schreiner, William Bonadio
BACKGROUND: Pediatric foreign-body ingestions are commonly managed by emergency physicians. Risk assessment and specific intervention are dependent on the nature and location of the foreign body. Radiographic evaluation is usually necessary to help define the clinical situation. CASE REPORT: We present an interesting case of presumed ingestion of several disk batteries by a toddler with an unexpected outcome, reviewing aspects of this clinical problem and highlighting potential pitfalls in medical decision making...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763881/neuropathic-ulcers-among-children-with-neural-tube-defects-a-review-of-literature
#14
REVIEW
Anand Pandey, Vipin Gupta, Shailendra P Singh, Vijendra Kumar, Rajesh Verma
A trophic ulcer is a pressure ulcer caused by external trauma to a part of the body that is compromised due to disease, vascular insufficiency, or loss of afferent nerve fibers. Spinal dysraphism (ie, neural tube defects [NTD]) such as meningomyelocele is a risk factor for developing these ulcers in adults and pediatric patients. Information regarding the occurrence of trophic ulcers in pediatric patients with NTD is lacking. A review of the English-language literature on skin/neuropathic ulcers in patients with NTDs, irrespective of study design, published between 1975 and 2014, was undertaken using the PubMed database...
December 2015: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756665/nonsynostotic-posterior-brachycephaly-with-hindbrain-herniation
#15
Omar N Pathmanaban, Kerry A Burke, Paul Leach, John Thorne, Ian D Kamaly-Asl
BACKGROUND: Positional plagiocephaly is the most common cause of cranial asymmetry. The underlying cause of Chiari-1 malformation has many possible theories, and anecdotally some pediatric neurosurgeons have had experience of severe cases of positional brachycephaly with Chiari-1. However, to date, there have been no published cases linking nonsynostotic plagiocephaly with Chiari-1 malformation. CASE DESCRIPTION: An 18-month-old boy presented with a head injury...
January 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721607/a-relationship-between-cd4-count-and-oral-manifestations-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-patients-on-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-in-urban-population
#16
Gadavalli Vera Venkata Satyakiran, Radhika Manoj Bavle, Glory Alexander, Saritha Rao, Reshma Venugopal, Sreelatha S Hosthor
INTRODUCTION: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection gradually destroys the body's immune system, which makes it harder for the body to fight infections. HIV infection causes a quantitative and qualitative depletion of CD4 lymphocyte count, which increases the risk of opportunistic infections. Thus, CD4 count is one of the key factors in determining both the urgency of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) initiation and the need of prophylaxis for opportunistic infections...
September 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670866/a-mindful-eating-intervention-a-theory-guided-randomized-anti-obesity-feasibility-study-with-adolescent-latino-females
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Patricia Daly, Thaddeus Pace, Judith Berg, Usha Menon, Laura A Szalacha
UNLABELLED: While pediatric anti-obesity lifestyle interventions have received considerable attention, few show sustained impact on body mass index (BMI). Using the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills Theory as a framework, we examined the effects of a satiety-focused mindful eating intervention (MEI) on BMI, weight and mindful awareness. METHOD: HASH(0x36c91f0) DESIGN AND SETTING: Utilizing a two-group, repeated measures design, 37 adolescent females with a BMI >90th percentile, recruited from a public high school in a Latino community in the Southwestern United States, were randomized 2:1, one third to the group receiving a 6-week MEI and two thirds to the comparison group (CG) receiving the usual care (nutrition and exercise information)...
October 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658549/an-unusual-cause-of-persistent-crying-in-a-toddler
#18
Noah Kondamudi, Haamid Chamdawala, Iona Monteiro
BACKGROUND: Excessive or persistent crying is a common presentation to the pediatric emergency department, and often poses a diagnostic dilemma to emergency physicians. There are several reasons for excessive or persistent crying in children, ranging from benign causes like hunger, to life-threatening causes such as intussusception. CASE REPORT: We report an interesting case of a toddler whose cause of excess crying, with no detectable clinical clues, was eventually attributed to a foreign body in the esophagus...
March 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604617/12th-winfocus-world-congress-on-ultrasound-in-emergency-and-critical-care
#19
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598591/a-hidden-household-danger-television
#20
Oğuzhan Bol, Hüseyin Cebiçci, Serhat Koyuncu, Bahadır Şarlı, Nurullah Günay
BACKGROUND: Today, at least 1 television (TV) is owned in most households, and watching TV has become a significant part of daily life. Time spent in front of the TV has increased as its popularity has grown, which may pose a danger to children. The aim of the present study was to draw attention to cases of TV tip-over-related pediatric injuries. METHODS: Cases of TV tip-over injuries of pediatric patients admitted to the Emergency Department of Kayseri Training and Research Hospital recorded between June 1, 2011 and December 31, 2013 were included...
May 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
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