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Pediatrics body awareness

Anand Pandey, Vipin Gupta, Shailendra P Singh, Vijendra Kumar, Rajesh Verma
A trophic ulcer is a pressure ulcer caused by external trauma to a part of the body that is compromised due to disease, vascular insufficiency, or loss of afferent nerve fibers. Spinal dysraphism (ie, neural tube defects [NTD]) such as meningomyelocele is a risk factor for developing these ulcers in adults and pediatric patients. Information regarding the occurrence of trophic ulcers in pediatric patients with NTD is lacking. A review of the English-language literature on skin/neuropathic ulcers in patients with NTDs, irrespective of study design, published between 1975 and 2014, was undertaken using the PubMed database...
December 2015: Ostomy/wound Management
Omar N Pathmanaban, Kerry A Burke, Paul Leach, John Thorne, Ian D Kamaly-Asl
BACKGROUND: Positional plagiocephaly is the most common cause of cranial asymmetry. The underlying cause of Chiari-1 malformation has many possible theories, and anecdotally some pediatric neurosurgeons have had experience of severe cases of positional brachycephaly with Chiari-1. However, to date there have been no published cases linking non-synostotic plagiocephaly with Chiari-1 malformation. CASE DESCRIPTION: An 18-month-old boy presented with a head injury...
October 15, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Gadavalli Vera Venkata Satyakiran, Radhika Manoj Bavle, Glory Alexander, Saritha Rao, Reshma Venugopal, Sreelatha S Hosthor
INTRODUCTION: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection gradually destroys the body's immune system, which makes it harder for the body to fight infections. HIV infection causes a quantitative and qualitative depletion of CD4 lymphocyte count, which increases the risk of opportunistic infections. Thus, CD4 count is one of the key factors in determining both the urgency of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) initiation and the need of prophylaxis for opportunistic infections...
September 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Patricia Daly, Thaddeus Pace, Judith Berg, Usha Menon, Laura A Szalacha
UNLABELLED: While pediatric anti-obesity lifestyle interventions have received considerable attention, few show sustained impact on body mass index (BMI). Using the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills Theory as a framework, we examined the effects of a satiety-focused mindful eating intervention (MEI) on BMI, weight and mindful awareness. METHOD: HASH(0x55868a0) DESIGN AND SETTING: Utilizing a two-group, repeated measures design, 37 adolescent females with a BMI >90th percentile, recruited from a public high school in a Latino community in the Southwestern United States, were randomized 2:1, one third to the group receiving a 6-week MEI and two thirds to the comparison group (CG) receiving the usual care (nutrition and exercise information)...
October 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Noah Kondamudi, Haamid Chamdawala, Iona Monteiro
BACKGROUND: Excessive or persistent crying is a common presentation to the pediatric emergency department, and often poses a diagnostic dilemma to emergency physicians. There are several reasons for excessive or persistent crying in children, ranging from benign causes like hunger, to life-threatening causes such as intussusception. CASE REPORT: We report an interesting case of a toddler whose cause of excess crying, with no detectable clinical clues, was eventually attributed to a foreign body in the esophagus...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Oğuzhan Bol, Hüseyin Cebiçci, Serhat Koyuncu, Bahadır Şarlı, Nurullah Günay
BACKGROUND: Today, at least 1 television (TV) is owned in most households, and watching TV has become a significant part of daily life. Time spent in front of the TV has increased as its popularity has grown, which may pose a danger to children. The aim of the present study was to draw attention to cases of TV tip-over-related pediatric injuries. METHODS: Cases of TV tip-over injuries of pediatric patients admitted to the Emergency Department of Kayseri Training and Research Hospital recorded between June 1, 2011 and December 31, 2013 were included...
May 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Maria Pia Amato, Lauren B Krupp, Leigh E Charvet, Iris Penner, Christine Till
In comparison with the large body of evidence on cognitive functioning in adults with multiple sclerosis (MS), there is limited information on cognition in pediatric-onset MS (POMS). Unique vulnerabilities in POMS can derive from having a disease that occurs during key periods of age-expected brain growth, active myelination in the CNS, and maturation of neural networks during the learning curve and key formative years in the academic career of the patient. Therefore, the consequences of MS on developing cognitive faculties can be assessed only in the pediatric population and cannot be simply extrapolated from studies carried on in the adult population...
August 30, 2016: Neurology
Mandy Rossignol, Pierre Philippot, Claus Vögele
Objectives This review aims to summarize the data relative to objective and subjective measures of body responses in children and adolescents with anxiety.Methods We reviewed 24 studies measuring (1) cardiac responses and (2) interoceptive processes in children and adolescents with anxiety.Results Anxious children and adolescents generally do not differ from their non-anxious peers on their cardiac parameters and objective physiological reactivity to stressful events but some results suggest a reduced autonomic flexibility in pediatric anxiety related to chronic anxiety...
2016: Santé Mentale Au Québec
Mitra Varedi, Raymond McKenna, Eric M Lamberg
BACKGROUND: Treatment for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) can impact balance through different mechanisms, including sensory and motor peripheral neuropathy, cognitive impairment, and reduced muscle strength and flexibility. To provide an overview of what is currently known about the effects of cancer treatment on balance in pediatric ALL patients and survivors and predictors of poor balance a review of literature was conducted. METHODS: Five databases were searched for English language original research articles which have measured balance during or after treatment for pediatric ALL...
August 20, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Meharban Singh
Pediatrics is a dynamic discipline and there is awareness and hope for actualizing outstanding achievements in the field of child health in 21(st) century and beyond. Improved lifestyle and quality of children's health is likely to reduce the burden of adult diseases and enhance longevity because seeds of most adult diseases are sown in childhood. Identification and decoding of human genome is expected to revolutionize the practice of pediatrics. The day is not far off when a patient will walk into doctor's chamber with an electronic or digital health history on a CD or palmtop and a decoded genomic constitution...
August 10, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Sari Bar, Ruth Milanaik, Andrew Adesman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of an infant#$#apos;s life, with continuation of breastfeeding for at least a year or as mutually desired by mother and child. A robust body of research literature documenting the short-term medical, developmental, and emotional benefits of breastfeeding for infants and toddlers supports this position. This article reviews the neurodevelopmental benefits of breastfeeding as it relates to preschool and school-age children, with particular emphasis on cognitive development, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and autism spectrum disorder...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Janet A Lydecker, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: A limited literature suggests an association between maternal eating disorders and child feeding difficulties, and notes maternal concern about inadvertently transmitting eating disorders. Thus, parents may be an important target for eating-disorder research to guide the development of clinical programs. METHODS: The current study examined differences in child eating-disorder behaviors and parental feeding practices between a sample of parents (42 fathers, 130 mothers) exhibiting core features of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge-eating disorder, or purging disorder, and a matched sample of parents (n=172) reporting no eating-disorder characteristics...
July 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Sheng-Dong Pan, Ling-Ling Zhu, Meng Chen, Ping Xia, Quan Zhou
BACKGROUND: Weight-based dosing strategy is still challenging due to poor awareness and adherence. It is necessary to let clinicians know of the latest developments in this respect and the correct circumstances in which weight-based dosing is of clinical relevance. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed. RESULTS: Clinical indications, physiological factors, and types of medication may determine the applicability of weight-based dosing...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Frederic H Fahey, Sonja I Ziniel, Dacie Manion, Amanda Baker, S Ted Treves
UNLABELLED: We sought to describe the practice of pediatric nuclear medicine at general hospitals in the United States and to assess the impact of dose awareness campaigns such as Image Gently. METHODS: A web-based survey was developed that requested information regarding hospital type, whether the hospital practices pediatric nuclear medicine, and the hospital's method for determining the administered activity for children. The survey invitation was emailed to a sample of general hospitals with more than 300 beds, excluding dedicated pediatric, veterans, psychiatric, and rehabilitation hospitals...
September 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Faiz Karim, Jan Loeffen, Wichor Bramer, Lauren Westenberg, Rob Verdijk, Martin van Hagen, Jan van Laar
BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a systemic fibro-inflammatory condition with an unclear pathophysiological mechanism affecting different parts of the body. If untreated, the disease can lead to fibrosis and irreversible organ damage. IgG4-RD mostly has been described in adults, hence it is generally unknown among pediatricians. This systematic search of the literature provides an overview of all reports published on IgG4-RD in children in order to create awareness of IgG4-RD in pediatrics and to emphasize the broad clinical presentation of this disease...
2016: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Carolyn L Abitbol, Marissa J DeFreitas, José Strauss
This educational review will highlight the historical and contemporary references that establish a basic understanding of measurements of kidney function in the neonate and its relevance for the life of an individual. Importantly, the differential renal function of preterm infants relative to term infants has become paramount with the increased viability of preterm infants and the realization that kidney function is associated with gestational age. Moreover, neonatal kidney function is primarily associated with absolute renal mass and hemodynamic stability...
February 4, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Julie C Bulman, Seckin O Ulualp, Veena Rajaram, Korgün Koral
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to determine the accuracy of radiology reports in the diagnosis of pediatric pilomatricoma and to describe the characteristic imaging findings in a large cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Query of a pathology database between January 2009 and February 2014 yielded 623 specimens from 596 patients. Seventy-four patients (41 girls, 33 boys; mean age, 8.9 years) underwent imaging of the 80 excised lesions. Ninety imaging studies were available (58 ultrasound, 11 CT, 21 MRI)...
January 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Go Miyano, Hiroshi Nouso, Keiichi Morita, Hideaki Nakajima, Mariko Koyama, Masakatsu Kaneshiro, Hiromu Miyake, Masaya Yamoto, Koji Fukumoto, Naoto Urushihara
We report herein an adolescent case of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) with idiopathic gastric perforation, in which emergency surgical repair was performed laparoscopically. A 14-year-old nonambulatory boy with DMD was brought to our emergency department with sudden onset of severe abdominal pain and distention. Plain radiograph and computed tomography confirmed the presence of free intraperitoneal air and intrapelvic effusion. The patient elected to undergo laparoscopic inspection with 4 trocars, revealing a focal perforation, 3-4 cm in diameter, on the upper gastric body near the diaphragm...
July 2015: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
Betül Emine Derinkuyu, Öznur Boyunağa, Çiğdem Öztunalı, Funda Tekkeşin, Çağrı Damar, Ayşe Gül Alımlı, Arzu Okur
Burkitt lymphoma is an aggressive and rapidly growing tumor that is curable and highly sensitive to chemotherapy. It can affect almost every tissue in the body, producing various clinical presentations and imaging appearances, according to the predilection of the different subtypes for certain sites. Awareness of its diagnostically specific imaging appearances plays an important role in rapid detection and treatment. In this pictorial review, we aimed to identify the most common imaging features of Burkitt lymphoma in pediatric patients...
January 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
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