Read by QxMD icon Read

Pediatrics exercise

Johannes Roth, Viviana Ravagnani, Marina Backhaus, Peter Balint, Alessandra Bruns, George A Bruyn, Paz Collado, Lorenia De la Cruz, Severine Guillaume-Czitrom, Troels Herlin, Cristina Hernandez, Annamaria Iagnocco, Sandrine Jousse-Joulin, Stefano Lanni, Vibke Lilleby, Clara Malattia, Silvia Magni-Manzoni, Consuelo Modesto, Ana Narrodi, Juan-Carlos Nieto, Sarah Ohrndorf, Linda Rossi, Anne-Marit Selvaag, Nanno Swen, Tracy Ting, Nikolay Tzaribachev, Patricia Vega-Fernandez, Jelena Vojinovic, Daniel Windschall, Maria-Antonietta D'Agostino, Esperanza Naredo
Objectives Musculoskeletal ultrasonography (US) has the potential to be an important tool in the assessment of disease activity in childhood arthritides. To assess pathology, clear definitions for synovitis need to be developed first. The aim of this study was to develop and validate these definitions through an international consensus process. Methods The decision on which US techniques to use, the components to be included in the definitions as well as the final wording were developed by 31 ultrasound experts in a consensus process...
October 16, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Paolo T Pianosi, Zhen Zhang, Paul Hernandez, Marianne Huebner
BACKGROUND: Dyspnea or perceived exertion during exercise is most commonly measured using Borg or visual analog scales, created for use in adults. In contrast, pictorial scales have been promoted for children due to skepticism concerning applicability of the said scales in pediatrics. We sought to validate our newly created, pictorial Dalhousie Dyspnea and Perceived Exertion Scales in adult populations and compare ratings with the Borg scale. METHODS: Dyspnea and perceived exertion ratings obtained with both modified Borg CR-10 and Dalhousie scales during maximal cycle exercise were compared in 24 healthy adults and 17 with various pulmonary disorders...
December 2016: Sports Medicine—Open
Donald Nuss, Robert J Obermeyer, Robert E Kelly
Historically, pectus excavatum (PE) was reported to be congenital, but in our experience only 22% are noticed in the first decade of life. Thus far, genetic studies support an autosomal recessive heritability, which coincides with only 40% of our patients having some positive family history, but is also contradictory given a constant sex ratio of 4:1 in favor of males. This inconsistency may be explained by the effect of more than one pectus disease-associated allele. Once the deformity is noticed, it tends to progress slowly until puberty, when rapid progression is often seen...
September 2016: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Robert E Kelly, Robert J Obermeyer, Donald Nuss
BACKGROUND: Recently, technical improvement in the ability to measure lung function and the severity of chest deformity have enabled progress in understanding the mechanism of limitations of lung function in pectus excavatum. METHODS: After establishing that most patients with pectus excavatum do have symptoms of exercise intolerance, easy fatigability, and shortness of breath with exertion, lung function has been evaluated by a variety of methods in different centers...
September 2016: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Mattie F Wolf, Roshan P George, Barry Warshaw, Elizabeth Wang, Larry A Greenbaum
OBJECTIVES: To quantify physical activity and grip strength in pediatric kidney transplant recipients and describe attitudes about exercise and exercise counseling given concerns about allograft injury. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional analysis of 101 kidney transplant recipients (7-21 years old) >6 months post-transplant. Patients completed the Physical Activity Questionnaire (PAQ). Grip strength was measured with a dynamometer. We asked about activity limitations and provider counseling...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Solon Karapanagiotis, Simone Gambazza, Anna Brivio, Francesco D'Abrosca, Carla Colombo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of dynamic hyperinflation after the Modified Shuttle Test (MST) and its relationship with lung function, exercise tolerance, and clinical symptoms in Cystic Fibrosis (CF). METHODS: Retrospective observational study. Subjects in clinically stable condition with a CF diagnosis based on a positive sweat test (chloride >60 mEq/L) and/or presence of two disease causing mutations, with available data on MST, spirometry, maximal voluntary ventilation, and inspiratory capacity manoeuvres were considered for the analysis...
October 13, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Anne Hseu, Mykayla Sandler, Dawn Ericson, Nohamin Ayele, Kosuke Kawai, Roger Nuss
INTRODUCTION: Although dyspnea with exercise in the pediatric population can be multifactorial, the diagnosis of paradoxical vocal fold motion disorder (PVFMD) in this group is not well characterized. The objective of this study is to review the multiple causes of dyspnea with exercise in children, including the prevalence of PVFMD within this study population. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of patients seen at a tertiary pediatric hospital for exercise-induced dyspnea suspected to be related to PVFMD between January 2007 and July 2015...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Frederik Buchvald, Lue Drasbaek Phillipsen, Thomas Hjuler, Kim G Nielsen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Exercise-induced inspiratory symptoms (EIIS) have multiple causes, one of which is exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO). There is limited knowledge regarding EIIS in children, both in primary care practices and in pediatric asthma clinics. The aim of this study was to describe the feasibility of a diagnostic methodology and its results in a cohort of children with EIIS referred to our tertiary pediatric pulmonary center. METHODS: This study analyzed consecutively collected data in children from East Denmark and Greater Copenhagen referred during a 3½ years period...
November 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Aritra Das, Roger Detels, Abdelmonem A Afifi, Marjan Javanbakht, Frank Sorvillo, Samiran Panda
In-depth interviews and focus group discussions were conducted to inform the development of an instrument to measure the health-related quality of life of children living with HIV. The QOL-CHAI instrument consists of four generic core scales of the "Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory" and two HIV-targeted scales-"symptoms" and "discrimination." A piloting exercise involving groups of children living with HIV and HIV-negative children born to HIV-infected parents provided evidence for the acceptable psychometric properties and usability of the instrument...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Wineke Armbrust, G J F Joyce Bos, Nico M Wulffraat, Marco van Brussel, Jeannette Cappon, Pieter U Dijkstra, Jan H B Geertzen, G Elizabeth Legger, Marion A J van Rossum, Pieter J J Sauer, Otto T H M Lelieveld
Objective To determine the effects of Rheumates@work, an internet-based program supplemented with four group sessions, aimed at improving physical activity (PA), exercise capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and participation in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Methods Patients were recruited from three pediatric rheumatology centers in the Netherlands for an observer blinded, randomized controlled, multicenter trial. PA level, time spend in rest, light, and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were recorded in a diary and with an accelerometer, before intervention, after intervention, and at follow-up after 3 and 12 months (intervention group only)...
October 1, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Dana L Noffsinger, Susan R Johnson, Krista Wheeler, Junxin Shi, Huiyun Xiang, Jonathan I Groner
A pediatric nurse practitioner and an occupational therapist were impressed by the number and severity of treadmill-related hand burns encountered in their outpatient burn clinic. They observed that treadmill burns appeared to be deeper compared with other contact hand burns. Literature review revealed that research was inadequate in this area. A retrospective chart review was conducted, and a total of 384 patients were found to receive treatments at a regional level 1 pediatric burn center for treadmill and contact hand burns from 2010 to 2014...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Patricia Daly, Thaddeus Pace, Judith Berg, Usha Menon, Laura A Szalacha
UNLABELLED: While pediatric anti-obesity lifestyle interventions have received considerable attention, few show sustained impact on body mass index (BMI). Using the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills Theory as a framework, we examined the effects of a satiety-focused mindful eating intervention (MEI) on BMI, weight and mindful awareness. METHOD: HASH(0x505f9e8) DESIGN AND SETTING: Utilizing a two-group, repeated measures design, 37 adolescent females with a BMI >90th percentile, recruited from a public high school in a Latino community in the Southwestern United States, were randomized 2:1, one third to the group receiving a 6-week MEI and two thirds to the comparison group (CG) receiving the usual care (nutrition and exercise information)...
October 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Bryan H Goldstein, Elaine M Urbina, Philip R Khoury, Zhiqian Gao, Michelle A Amos, Wayne A Mays, Andrew N Redington, Bradley S Marino
BACKGROUND: Fontan survivors demonstrate diminished vascular function and functional outcomes, but the relationships between these measures have not been established. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 60 Fontan survivors (52% male) with a mean age of 13.9±4.1 years and mean Fontan duration of 9.9±4.2 years. Multimodality assessment of endothelial function (reactive hyperemia index and flow-mediated dilation) and arterial stiffness (augmentation index and baseline pulse amplitude) was performed with peripheral arterial tonometry and brachial flow-mediated dilation...
2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Justin M Lantz, Shruti Joshi, Michael OʼHearn
PURPOSE: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a cause of disability in childhood. Little research exists concerning physical therapy management, and no evidence exists for orthopedic manual physical therapy (OMPT) for JIA. The purpose of this case report is to describe the use of OMPT in combination with therapeutic exercise in the successful treatment of a child with oligoarticular JIA. KEY POINTS: A 6-year-old girl with oligoarticular JIA presented with elbow pain and stiffness interfering with function...
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Stacy Stolzman, Marie Hoeger Bement
PURPOSE: Pain relief after exercise, exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH), is established across the lifespan. Conditioned pain modulation (CPM: pain inhibits pain) may be a mechanism for EIH. METHODS: In 55 adolescents, pressure pain thresholds were measured before and after exercise (deltoid, quadriceps, and nail bed) and during CPM at the nail bed and deltoid test stimulus sites. The relationship between EIH and CPM was explored. RESULTS: EIH occurred at deltoid and quadriceps; CPM occurred at nail bed and deltoid...
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Liang-Ching Tsai, Yupeng Ren, Deborah J Gaebler-Spira, Gadi A Revivo, Li-Qun Zhang
This preliminary study examined the effects of off-axis elliptical training on reducing transverse-plane gait deviations and improving gait function in 8 individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) (15.5 ± 4.1 years) who completed an training program using a custom-made elliptical trainer that allows transverse-plane pivoting of the footplates during exercise. Lower-extremity off-axis control during elliptical exercise was evaluated by quantifying the root-mean-square and maximal angular displacement of the footplate pivoting angle...
September 22, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Efrosini A Papaconstantinou, Ellen Hodnett, Robyn Stremler
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Hospitalization can contribute to common sleep difficulties in children. Interventions aimed at hospitalized children need to be developed and piloted with rigorous evaluative methods. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and acceptability of a behavioral-educational intervention aimed at increasing nighttime sleep for hospitalized children. PARTICIPANTS: Hospitalized children aged 4-10 years and their caregivers...
September 15, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Manon At Bloemen, Tim Takken, Frank Jg Backx, Marleen Vos, Cas Ljj Kruitwagen, Janke F de Groot
OBJECTIVE: To determine content validity of the Muscle Power Sprint Test (MPST) and construct validity and reliability of the MPST, 10x5 Meter Sprint Test (10x5MST), slalom test and one stroke push test (1SPT) in wheelchair-using youth with spina bifida (SB). DESIGN: Clinimetric study SETTING: Rehabilitation centers, SB outpatient services, private practices PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 53 children (5-19 years, 32 boys / 21 girls) with SB who use a manual wheelchair...
September 12, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Carmen Fiuza-Luces, Julio R Padilla, Luisa Soares-Miranda, Elena Santana-Sosa, Jaime V Quiroga, Alejandro Santos-Lozano, Helios Pareja-Galeano, Fabian Sanchis-Gomar, Rosalía Lorenzo-González, Zoraida Verde, Luis M López-Mojares, Alvaro Lassaletta, Steven J Fleck, Margarita Pérez, Antonio Pérez-Martínez, Alejandro Lucia
INTRODUCTION: The randomized controlled trial 'Physical Activity in Pediatric Cancer' (PAPEC) determined the effects of an in-hospital exercise intervention combining aerobic and muscle strength training on pediatric cancer patients with solid tumors undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: Participants were allocated to an exercise (n=24, 17 boys; mean±SEM age 10±1y) or control group (n=25, 18 boys; 11±1y). Training included three sessions/week for 19±2 weeks...
September 14, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Renee Margossian, Lynn A Sleeper, Gail D Pearson, Piers C Barker, Luc Mertens, Michael D Quartermain, Jason T Su, Girish Shirali, Shan Chen, Steven D Colan
BACKGROUND: Patients with functional single ventricles after the Fontan procedure have abnormal cardiac mechanics. The aims of this study were to determine factors that influence diastolic function and to describe associations of diastolic function with current clinical status. METHODS: Echocardiograms were obtained as part of the Pediatric Heart Network Fontan Cross-Sectional Study. Diastolic function grade (DFG) was assessed as normal (grade 0), impaired relaxation (grade 1), pseudonymization (grade 2), or restrictive (grade 3)...
September 10, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"