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Nicholas A Everett, Iain S McGregor, Sarah J Baracz, Jennifer L Cornish
The neuropeptide oxytocin has shown promise as an effective therapy in pre-clinical models of methamphetamine (METH) addiction. The nucleus accumbens core (NAcc) has been identified as an important site for oxytocin to inhibit METH behaviours, although previous findings suggest that the effects of oxytocin in the NAcc are mediated by receptors other than the oxytocin receptor (OTR). Oxytocin has high affinity for the vasopressin V1A receptor (V1AR) which has been implicated in numerous oxytocin-dependent social behaviours...
January 15, 2018: Neuropharmacology
Qiongdan Liang, Jia Lin, Jiemin Yang, Xiang Li, Yijiang Chen, Xianxin Meng, Jiajin Yuan
Behavioral adjustment plays an important role in the treatment and relapse of drug addiction. Nonetheless, few studies have examined behavioral adjustment and its plasticity following error commission in methamphetamine (METH) dependence, which is detrimental to human health. Thus, we investigated the behavioral adjustment performance following error commission in long-term METH addicts and how it varied with the application of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC)...
January 16, 2018: Neuroscience Bulletin
Sri-Arun Iamjan, Samur Thanoi, Paritat Watiktinkorn, Gavin P Reynolds, Sutisa Nudmamud-Thanoi
Methamphetamine (METH) is an addictive psychostimulant drug commonly leading to schizophrenia-like psychotic symptoms. Disturbances in glutamatergic neurotransmission have been proposed as neurobiological mechanisms and the α-amino-3 hydroxy-5 methyl-4 isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) glutamate receptor has been implicated in these processes. Moreover, genetic variants in GRIAs, genes encoding AMPA receptor subunits, have been observed in association with both drug dependence and psychosis. We hypothesized that variation of GRIA genes may be associated with METH dependence and METH-induced psychosis...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
Lisa Proebstl, Felicia Kamp, Gabi Koller, Michael Soyka
Methamphetamine use has spread in many European countries and the United States. The current review provides a summary and critical analysis of research on cognitive deficits associated with methamphetamine, also known as "crystal meth." The literature search performed for this review led us to the hypothesis that methamphetamine use is associated with persistent changes in brain metabolism that result in various impairments, such as deficits in memory, attention, and concentration. The dopaminergic system in particular seems to be affected...
January 15, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
María-Elena Gatica-Ortega, María-Antonia Pastor-Nieto, Rocío Gil-Redondo, Elena-Remedios Martínez-Lorenzo, Cristina Schöendorff-Ortega
BACKGROUND: Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) from (meth)acrylates caused by long lasting nail polish (also known as "permanent", "semi-permanent" or "gel nail polish") has been described both in occupational and non-occupational settings. Inexpensive kits for home use have been available for purchase in many stores or through the Internet. OBJECTIVE: To report on several further cases of consumers sensitised to these nail products. METHODS: Patch test results and evaluation of ingredient labelling of products brought in by the patients...
January 12, 2018: Contact Dermatitis
Tao Ye, Dongliang Sun, Guangying Dong, Guangjie Xu, Ligang Wang, Jinjin Du, Pengcheng Ren, Shibin Yu
BACKGROUND: Dental diseases are among the most frequently reported health problems in drug abusers. However, few studies have been conducted on oral health of methamphetamine (meth) abusers in China. The aim of the present study was to investigate the caries and periodontal health profile of former meth abusers in Eastern China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 162 former meth abusers in the male Zhoushan Compulsory Detoxification Center. A standardized questionnaire, which collected information about age, drug-use duration / pattern, oral hygiene habit and systemic diseases, was administered...
January 10, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Jingying Zhu, Songsong Zang, Xufeng Chen, Lei Jiang, Aihua Gu, Jie Cheng, Li Zhang, Jun Wang, Hang Xiao
Methamphetamine (Meth) is an illicit psychostimulant with high abuse potential and severe neurotoxicity. Recent studies have shown that dysfunctions in learning and memory induced by Meth may partially reveal the mechanisms of neuronal channelopathies. Kv2.1, the primary delayed rectifying potassium channel in neurons, is responsible for mediating apoptotic current surge. However, whether Kv2.1 is involved in Meth-mediated neural injury remains unknown. In the present study, the treatment of primary cultured hippocampal neurons with Meth indicated that Meth induced a time- and dose-dependent augmentation of Kv2...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
Graciela Granados-Guzmán, Ricardo Salazar-Aranda, Marsela Garza-Tapia, Rocío Castro-Ríos, Noemí Waksman de Torres
Background: The search for new natural or synthetic products with antioxidant activity is commonly based on methods that involve reduction of either 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) or 2-2-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS). However, the reported values of the effective concentrations are highly variable, even in controls. Herein, we optimize and validate both meth-ods of determining antiradical activity. Methods: Optimization was carried out using both a fractionated factorial design and a basic sequential simplex method, by monitoring the reduction percentage...
December 2017: Current Analytical Chemistry
Magdalena Sikora, Céline Nicolas, Marine Istin, Nematollah Jaafari, Nathalie Thiriet, Marcello Solinas
BACKGROUND: Addiction is a chronic disease characterized by persistent vulnerability to relapse during abstinence. In animal models of addiction, accumulating evidence suggests that exposure to environmental enrichment (EE) during periods of abstinence can have curative effects on addiction and reduce the risks of relapse. However, until present most studies have mainly focused on cocaine. In this study, we investigated whether EE could have beneficial effects on cue-induced seeking for several psychoactive drugs belonging to different pharmacological classes such as methamphetamine (METH), heroin (HER) and nicotine (NIC)...
December 27, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
Dandan Wei, Jia Yang, Lin Zhu, Feng Chen, Ziqing Tang, Gang Qin, Qiang Chen
Hydrophobically associated hydrogels (HA gels) are one of most extensively investigated high strength hydrogels. Semi-crystalline HA gels, prepared by micellar copolymerization, show high strength and notable functionalities of self-healing and shape-memory. However, the hydrophobic comonomers in these semi-crystalline HA gels are usually limited to the long alkyl length monomers (18-alkyl(meth)acrylates). In the present work, N-acryloyl 11-aminoundecanoic acid (A11AUA), consisting of 10 -CH2 groups and a -COOH group at the end of alkyl chain, was used as hydrophobic comonomer to prepare physical A11AUA-based HA gels in the presence of high concentration cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) or sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)...
December 26, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Eva Heřmánková, Aleš Žák, Lenka Poláková, Radka Hobzová, Róbert Hromádka, Jakub Širc
Polymeric bile acid sequestrants (BAS) have recently attracted much attention as lipid-lowering agents. These non-absorbable materials specifically bind bile acids (BAs) in the intestine, preventing bile acid (BA) reabsorption into the blood through enterohepatic circulation. Therefore, it is important to understand the structure-property relationships between the polymer sequestrant and its ability to bind specific BAs molecules. In this review, we describe pleiotropic effects of bile acids, and we focus on BAS with various molecular architectures that result in different mechanisms of BA sequestration...
December 6, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Li Yang, Bing Han, Yuan Zhang, Ying Bai, Jie Chao, Gang Hu, Honghong Yao
Endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EndoMT) is associated with damage to blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are highly expressed in the brain and are involved in brain diseases; however, whether circRNAs regulate the EndoMT in the brain remains unknown. Our study demonstrated that circHECW2 regulated the EndoMT by directly binding to MIR30D, a significantly downregulated miRNA from miRNA profiling, which subsequently caused an increased expression of ATG5. These findings shed new light on the understanding of the noncanonical role of ATG5 in the EndoMT induced by methamphetamine (Meth) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
December 20, 2017: Autophagy
Patrizia Rossi, Eleonora Macedi, Paola Paoli, Luca Giorgi, Mauro Formica, Vieri Fusi
The title compound, [CaCo2(C22H30N4O6)2](ClO4)2·1.36H2O or {Ca[Co(H-2L1)]2}·2ClO4·1.36H2O {where L1 is 4,10-bis-[(3-hy-droxy-4-pyron-2-yl)meth-yl]-1,7-dimethyl-1,4,7,10-tetra-aza-cyclo-dodecane}, is a trinuclear complex whose asymmetric unit comprises a quarter of the {Ca[Co(H-2L1)]2}2+ trinuclear complex, half of a perchlorate ion and 0.34-water mol-ecules. In the neutral [Co(H-2L1)] moiety, the cobalt ion is hexa-coordinated in a trigonal-prismatic fashion by the surrounding N4O2 donor set. A Ca2+ cation holds together two neutral [Co(H-2L1)] moieties and is octa-coordinated in a distorted trigonal-dodeca-hedral fashion by the surrounding O atoms belonging to the deprotonated oxide and carbonyl groups of two [Co(H-2L1)] units...
December 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
A Gayathri, K Rajeswari, T Vidhyasagar, S Selvanayagam
The title compounds, C23H21ClN2O2, differ from each other only by the position of the Cl atom on the corresponding benzene ring: meta relative to the central sp3 C atom for (I) and para for (II). In (I), the hy-droxy-phenyl rings are almost parallel, the dihedral angle between the mean planes being 9.2 (2)°, but in (II), the relative position of the ring is different, characterized by a dihedral angle of 48.5 (1)°. Compound (I) features intra-molecular O-H⋯N and inter-molecular C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, while in (II), intra-molecular O-H⋯N, C-H⋯N hydrogen bonds and weak inter-molecular C-H⋯π inter-actions are observed...
December 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Aleksei Galushchinskiy, Pavel Slepukhin, Konstantin Obydennov
The crystal structures of two (oxo-thia-zolidin-2-yl-idene)acetamides, namely (Z)-2-[2-(morpholin-4-yl)-2-oxo-ethyl-idene]thia-zolidin-4-one, C9H12N2O3S, (I), and (Z)-N-(4-meth-oxy-phen-yl)-2-(4-oxo-thia-zolidin-2-yl-idene)acetamide, C12H12N2O3S, (II), are described and compared with a related structure. The Z conformation was observed for both the compounds. In (I), the morpholin-4-yl ring has a chair conformation and its mean plane is inclined to the thia-zolidine ring mean plane by 37.12 (12)°. In (II), the benzene ring is inclined to the mean plane of the thia-zolidine ring by 20...
December 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Marisiddaiah Girisha, Hemmige S Yathirajan, Ravindranath S Rathore, Christopher Glidewell
In the mol-ecules of both (E)-1-{3-[(5-fluoro-2-hy-droxy-benzyl-idene)amino]-phen-yl}ethanone, C15H12FNO2, (I), and (E)-1-{3-[(2-hy-droxy-3-meth-oxy-benzyl-idene)amino]-phen-yl}ethanone, C16H15NO3, (II), which crystallizes with Z' = 2 in space group Pca21, there are intra-molecular O-H⋯N hydrogen bonds, and the non-H atoms in each mol-ecule are essentially coplanar. In the crystal of (I), mol-ecules are linked by a single C-H⋯O hydrogen bond to form a C(8) chain, whereas in the crystal of (II), mol-ecules are linked by three C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds to form sheets within which orthogonal C22(16) and C22(17) chains can be identified...
December 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Paola Paoli, Eleonora Macedi, Patrizia Rossi, Luca Giorgi, Mauro Formica, Vieri Fusi
The title compound, {[Ba{Co(H-2L1)}(ClO4)(H2O)]ClO4} n , L1 = 4,10-bis-[(3-hy-droxy-4-pyron-2-yl)meth-yl]-1,7-dimethyl-1,4,7,10-tetra-aza-cyclo-dodeca-ne, is a one-dimensional coordination polymer. The asymmetric unit consists of a {Ba[Co(H-2L1)](ClO4)(H2O)}+ cationic fragment and a non-coordinating ClO4- anion. In the neutral [Co(H-2L1)] moiety, the cobalt ion is hexa-coordinated in a trigonal-prismatic fashion by the surrounding N4O2 donor set. The Ba2+ ion is nine-coordinated and exhibits a distorted [BaO9] monocapped square-anti-prismatic geometry, the six oxygen atoms coming from three distinct [Co(H-2L1)] moieties, while the remaining three vertices are occupied by the oxygen atoms of a bidentate perchlorate anion and a water mol-ecule...
December 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Muthaiah Jeevaraj, Palaniyappan Sivajeyanthi, Bellarmin Edison, Kaliyaperumal Thanigaimani, Kasthuri Balasubramani, Ibrahim Abdul Razak
In the title mol-ecular salt, 2C6H10N3O+·C8H4O42-, the N atom of each of the two 2-amino-4-meth-oxy-6-methyl-pyrimidine mol-ecules lying between the amine and methyl groups has been protonated. The dihedral angles between the pyrimidine rings of the cations and the benzene ring of the succinate dianion are 5.04 (8) and 7.95 (8)°. Each of the cations is linked to the anion through a pair of N-H⋯O(carboxyl-ate) hydrogen bonds, forming cyclic R22(8) ring motifs which are then linked through inversion-related N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, giving a central R24(8) motif...
October 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Martin Zábranský, Petr Štěpnička
Individual ions and the solvating water mol-ecule constituting the structure of the title compound, [Fe(C8H13N)(C17H14P)]Cl·H2O, assemble into dimeric units located around crystallographic inversion centers via N-H⋯Cl and O-H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds. These discrete fragments are further inter-connected into chains by C-H⋯O inter-actions. The disubstituted ferrocene core in the {[1'-(di-phenyl-phosphino)ferrocen-yl]meth-yl}di-methyl-ammonium cation has an approximate synclinal eclipsed conformation and is tilted by 3...
October 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Khairi Suhud, Siti Aishah Hasbullah, Musa Ahmad, Lee Yook Heng, Mohammad B Kassim
In the title compound, C14H18N2O2S, the piperidine ring has a chair conformation. Its mean plane is twisted with respect to the 4-meth-oxy-benzoyl ring, with a dihedral angle of 63.0 (3)°. The central N-C(=S)-N(H)-C(=O) bridge is twisted with an N-C-N-C torsion angle of 74.8 (6)°. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked by N-H⋯O and C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming chains along the c-axis direction. Adjacent chains are linked by C-H⋯π inter-actions, forming layers parallel to the ac plane. The layers are linked by offset π-π inter-actions [inter-centroid distance = 3...
October 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
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