keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ALSPAC

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913834/which-children-and-young-people-are-excluded-from-school-findings-from-a-large-british-birth-cohort-study-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children-alspac
#1
A Paget, C Parker, J Heron, S Logan, W Henley, A Emond, T Ford
BACKGROUND: Exclusion from school is increasingly recognized as pertinent to child health. National educational data reveal that boys, children who are looked-after, living in poverty, have special educational needs, or from certain ethnic minorities, are disproportionately excluded from school. As population-based data on the wider characteristics of excluded children are scarce, we aimed to describe predictors of school exclusion in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children...
September 14, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912458/y-chromosome-mitochondrial-dna-and-childhood-behavioural-traits
#2
Laurence J Howe, A Mesut Erzurumluoglu, George Davey Smith, Santiago Rodriguez, Evie Stergiakouli
Many psychiatric traits are sexually dimorphic in terms of prevalence, age of onset, progression and prognosis; sex chromosomes could play a role in these differences. In this study we evaluated the association between Y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA haplogroups with sexually-dimorphic behavioural and psychiatric traits. The study sample included 4,211 males and 4,009 females with mitochondrial DNA haplogroups and 4,788 males with Y chromosome haplogroups who are part of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) based in the United Kingdom...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878722/prenatal-internal-locus-of-control-is-positively-associated-with-offspring-iq-mediated-through-parenting-behavior-prenatal-lifestyle-and-social-circumstances
#3
Jean Golding, Steven Gregory, Genette L Ellis, Yasmin Iles-Caven, Stephen Nowicki
Locus of control (LOC) is a measure that identifies the likelihood as to whether an individual considers what happens to him is largely a matter of luck or fate (known as externally oriented) or whether it is something that the individual can influence (internality). Here we have used data collected as part of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) to determine the associations between the mothers' LOC orientation before the birth of the child and her child's cognition measured at age 8...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859627/genetics-of-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescence
#4
Hannah Sallis, Jonathan Evans, Robyn Wootton, Eva Krapohl, Albertine J Oldehinkel, George Davey Smith, Lavinia Paternoster
BACKGROUND: Despite many attempts to understand the genetic architecture of depression, little progress has been made. The majority of these studies, however, have been carried out in adults and do not account for the potential influence of development. METHODS: The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) is a longitudinal pregnancy cohort which recruited participants between April 1991 and December 1992. Analyses were replicated in two independent European cohorts...
August 31, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858026/in-utero-cigarette-smoke-exposure-and-the-risk-of-earlier-menopause
#5
Talita C Honorato, Maaike L Haadsma, Jolande A Land, Marike H Boezen, Annemieke Hoek, Henk Groen
OBJECTIVE: Cigarette smoking is a risk factor for earlier menopause. Animal studies show that in-utero smoke exposure is toxic to developing ovaries. Our aim was to evaluate whether in-utero smoke exposed women reach menopause earlier compared with nonexposed women. METHODS: This is a cohort study within the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Participants included in this study were followed from 1991/1992 until 2010. Participant characteristics for the current analysis were obtained from obstetric records and from annual follow-up questionnaires...
August 28, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797081/early-life-predictors-of-adolescent-suicidal-thoughts-and-adverse-outcomes-in-two-population-based-cohort-studies
#6
Jennifer Dykxhoorn, Simon Hatcher, Marie-Hélène Roy-Gagnon, Ian Colman
BACKGROUND: Understanding suicidality has proven challenging given the complex aetiology in early childhood. Being able to accurately predict groups at increased risk of developing suicidal thoughts may aid in the development of targeted prevention programs that mitigate increased vulnerability. Further, the predictors of suicidal thoughts may be shared with other outcomes in adolescence. Previous research has linked many factors to suicidality, so the objective of this study was to consider how these factors may act together to increase risk of suicidal thoughts and other non-mental health outcomes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777971/vegetarian-diets-and-depressive-symptoms-among-men
#7
Joseph R Hibbeln, Kate Northstone, Jonathan Evans, Jean Golding
BACKGROUND: Vegetarian diets are associate with cardiovascular and other health benefits, but little is known about mental health benefits or risks. AIMS: To determine whether self-identification of vegetarian dietary habits is associated with significant depressive symptoms in men. METHOD: Self-report data from 9668 adult male partners of pregnant women in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) included identification as vegetarian or vegan, dietary frequency data and the Edinburgh Post Natal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765090/data-relating-to-prenatal-lead-exposure-and-child-iq-at-4-and-8-years-old-in-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children
#8
Caroline M Taylor, Katarzyna Kordas, Jean Golding, Alan M Emond
As part of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), measures of child IQ were collected by trained psychologists. The Wechsler Pre-school and Primary Scale of Intelligence - Revised UK edition (WPPSI) was used at age 4 years in a subsample of children enrolled in ALSPAC (the Children in Focus cohort), chosen at random from the last 6 months of ALSPAC births (about 10% of the participants). At age 8 years all children enrolled in the main cohort were invited to complete a short form of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC)-III (UK)...
July 29, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747331/assessing-the-causal-role-of-adiposity-on-disordered-eating-in-childhood-adolescence-and-adulthood-a-mendelian-randomization-analysis
#9
Zoe E Reed, Nadia Micali, Cynthia M Bulik, George Davey Smith, Kaitlin H Wade
Background: Observational studies have shown that higher body mass index (BMI) is associated with increased risk of developing disordered eating patterns. However, the causal direction of this relation remains ambiguous.Objective: We used Mendelian randomization (MR) to infer the direction of causality between BMI and disordered eating in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood.Design: MR analyses were conducted with a genetic score as an instrumental variable for BMI to assess the causal effect of BMI at age 7 y on disordered eating patterns at age 13 y with the use of data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) (n = 4473)...
September 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735694/depression-and-violence-in-adolescence-and-young-adults-findings-from-three-longitudinal-cohorts
#10
Rongqin Yu, Mikko Aaltonen, Susan Branje, Tiina Ristikari, Wim Meeus, Katariina Salmela-Aro, Guy M Goodwin, Seena Fazel
OBJECTIVE: Despite recent research demonstrating associations between violence and depression in adults, links in adolescents are uncertain. This study aims to assess the longitudinal associations between young people's depression and later violent outcomes. METHOD: We used data from three cohorts with different measurements of depression exposures and subsequent violent outcomes. In a Dutch community cohort Research on Adolescent Development And Relationships (RADAR; N = 623) and a population-based British birth cohort Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC; N = 4,030), we examined the longitudinal links between adolescent depressive symptoms and violent behaviors from age 13 to 17 years...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729357/association-between-maternal-childhood-trauma-and-offspring-childhood-psychopathology-mediation-analysis-from-the-alspac-cohort
#11
Dominic T Plant, Fergal W Jones, Carmine M Pariante, Susan Pawlby
BackgroundStudies have shown that a mother's history of childhood maltreatment is associated with her child's experience of internalising and externalising difficulties.AimsTo characterise the mediating pathways that underpin this association.MethodData on a mother's history of childhood maltreatment, depression during pregnancy, postnatal depression, maladaptive parenting practices and her child's experience of maltreatment and internalising and externalising difficulties were analysed in an Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) sample of 9397 mother-child dyads followed prospectively from pregnancy to age 13...
September 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711955/the-effect-of-early-feeding-practices-on-growth-indices-and-obesity-at-preschool-children-from-four-european-countries-and-uk-schoolchildren-and-adolescents
#12
George Moschonis, Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain, Louise Jones, Andreia Oliveira, Christina-Paulina Lambrinou, Louiza Damianidi, Sandrine Lioret, Pedro Moreira, Carla Lopes, Pauline Emmett, Marie Aline Charles, Yannis Manios
Not only healthy growth but also childhood obesity partly originate from early life. The current work aimed to examine the association of feeding practices during infancy with growth and adiposity indices in preschool children from four European countries and in UK schoolchildren and adolescents. Existing data from four European birth cohorts (ALSPAC-UK, EDEN-France, EuroPrevall-Greece and Generation XXI-Portugal) were used. Anthropometrics and body composition indices were collected. Parallel multivariate regression analyses were performed to examine the research hypothesis...
July 15, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698480/comparison-of-dietary-intakes-of-7-year-old-children-enrolled-in-observational-birth-cohort-studies-on-the-isle-of-man-and-in-south-west-england
#13
Ellen M Tweney, Pauline M Emmett, Jean Golding, Stephanie Goodfellow, Caroline M Taylor
There is concern regarding the amount of fruit and vegetables consumed and high sugar intakes in children's diets. Regional dietary differences in the British Isles could underlie variations in health outcomes, but little is known about these differences. Our aim was to compare diets of children enrolled in observational birth cohort studies in the Isle of Man (IoM-ELSPAC) and in south-west England (ALSPAC). Dietary intakes were assessed by 3-day food records in IoM and ALSPAC at an age of 7 years. Comparisons of mean daily nutrient, and food and food group intakes were made between the studies and with UK national dietary guidelines...
July 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697816/association-between-maternal-vitamin-d-status-in-pregnancy-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-childhood-results-from-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children-alspac
#14
Andrea L Darling, Margaret P Rayman, Colin D Steer, Jean Golding, Susan A Lanham-New, Sarah C Bath
Seafood intake in pregnancy has been positively associated with childhood cognitive outcomes which could potentially relate to the high vitamin D content of oily fish. However, whether higher maternal vitamin D status (serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D)) in pregnancy is associated with a reduced risk of offspring suboptimal neurodevelopmental outcomes is unclear. A total of 7065 mother-child pairs were studied from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children cohort who had data for both serum total 25(OH)D concentration in pregnancy and at least one measure of offspring neurodevelopment (pre-school development at 6-42 months; 'Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire' scores at 7 years; intelligence quotient (IQ) at 8 years; reading ability at 9 years)...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687448/effects-of-low-level-prenatal-lead-exposure-on-child-iq-at-4-and-8-years-in-a-uk-birth-cohort-study
#15
Caroline M Taylor, Katarzyna Kordas, Jean Golding, Alan M Emond
BACKGROUND: The association between childhood exposure to lead (Pb) and deficits in cognitive function is well established. The association with prenatal exposure, however, is not well understood, even though the potential adverse effects are equally important. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between low prenatal exposure to lead and IQ in children, to determine whether there were sex differences in the associations, and to evaluate the moderation effect of prenatal Pb exposure on child IQ...
July 4, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671113/implication-of-the-app-gene-in-intellectual-abilities
#16
Craig Myrum, Oleksii Nikolaienko, Clive R Bramham, Jan Haavik, Tetyana Zayats
BACKGROUND: Cognitive functions are highly heritable and polygenic, though the source of this genetic influence is unclear. On the neurobiological level, these functions rely on effective neuroplasticity, in which the activity-regulated cytoskeleton associated protein (ARC) plays an essential role. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether the ARC gene complex may contribute to the genetic components of intellectual function given the crucial role of ARC in brain plasticity and memory formation...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666235/how-do-moving-and-other-major-life-events-impact-mental-health-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-uk-children
#17
Tim Morris, David Manley, Kate Northstone, Clive E Sabel
Research has suggested that children who move home report poorer mental health than those who remain residentially stable. However, many previous studies have been based on cross sectional data and have failed to consider major life events as confounders. This study uses longitudinal data from ALSPAC, a UK population based birth cohort study, and employs within-between random effect models to decompose the association between moving in childhood and poor mental health. Results suggest that while unobserved between-individual differences between mobile and non-mobile children account for a large portion of this association, within-individual differences remain and indicate that moving may have a detrimental impact upon subsequent mental health...
June 27, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662455/borderline-personality-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-traits-in-childhood-are-associated-with-hypomanic-features-in-early-adulthood
#18
Sumit Mistry, Stanley Zammit, Valentina-Escott Price, Hannah J Jones, Daniel J Smith
BACKGROUND: There is limited understanding of the symptomatic development of bipolar disorder from childhood to early adulthood. AIMS: We assessed whether borderline personality disorder traits, ADHD, and emotional, behavioural and social difficulties during childhood were associated with hypomania assessed in young adulthood. METHOD: We used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), to examine associations between measures of childhood psychopathology and lifetime hypomanic features assessed at age 22-23 years using the Hypomania Checklist-32 (HCL-32; n = 3372)...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647008/trajectories-of-neighborhood-cohesion-in-childhood-and-psychotic-and-depressive-symptoms-at-age-13-and-18-years
#19
Francesca Solmi, Ian Colman, Murray Weeks, Glyn Lewis, James B Kirkbride
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to adverse social environments has been associated with psychotic and depressive symptoms in adolescence in cross-sectional studies, but the longitudinal relation is unclear. This study examined whether longitudinal trajectories of exposure to adverse social environments across childhood are associated with psychotic experiences and depressive symptoms in adolescence. METHOD: Data on participants from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) were used to estimate longitudinal trajectories of childhood exposure to neighborhood cohesion (NC), discord (ND), and stress (NS) using latent class growth modeling...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646709/association-between-father-involvement-and-attitudes-in-early-child-rearing-and-depressive-symptoms-in-the-pre-adolescent-period-in-a-uk-birth-cohort
#20
Charles Opondo, Maggie Redshaw, Maria A Quigley
BACKGROUND: Much of the research on parenting and its influence on child development has emphasised the mother's role. However, increasing evidence highlights the important role of fathers in the development, health and well-being of their children. We sought to explore the association between paternal involvement in early child-rearing and depressive symptoms in 9 and 11 year-old children. METHODS: We used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) cohort recruited in the southwest of England...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
keyword
keyword
20283
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"