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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444522/psychotic-symptoms-and-attitudes-toward-medication-mediate-the-effect-of-insight-on-personal-social-functions-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-one-year-randomized-controlled-trial-and-follow-up
#1
Yingjun Zheng, Yuping Ning, Shenglin She, Yongjie Deng, Yuwei Chen, Wenying Yi, Xiaodan Lu, Xinrui Chen, Juanhua Li, Ruikeng Li, Jie Zhang, Di Xiao, Haibo Wu, Chao Wu
AIMS: This study aimed to investigate the mediating pathway of 3 factors (psychotic symptoms, attitude toward medication, and cognitive processing speed) on the effect of insight on personal-social functioning in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: Chinese inpatients with schizophrenia (n = 168; mean age 18 ± 50 years) diagnosed according to the DSM-IV were randomly assigned to treatment with antipsychotic medication alone or combined treatment. Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Drug Attitude Inventory (DAI), Assessment of Insight (SAI), and Social-Personal Performance Scale (PSPS) scores were evaluated at baseline and at 3, 6, and 12 months...
February 14, 2018: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444479/prevalence-and-correlates-of-burnout-in-health-professionals-in-ecuador
#2
Marina R Ramírez, Patricia Otero, Vanessa Blanco, Mercy P Ontaneda, Olga Díaz, Fernando L Vázquez
BACKGROUND: Although burnout is a widespread phenomenon among healthcare professionals, there are no studies about its prevalence in Ecuador. This study assesses the prevalence of burnout syndrome among Ecuadorian healthcare professionals and examine the relationship with their personal and organizational characteristics. METHODS: A total of 2404 healthcare professionals (average age 40.0years; 68.4% women) from the capitals of all 24 provinces in Ecuador participated in this study...
December 5, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444409/sequence-specific-self-assembly-of-positive-and-negative-monomers-with-cucurbit-8-uril-linkers
#3
Mersad Raeisi, Kondalarao Kotturi, Ian Del Valle, Jan Schulz, Paulina Dornblut, Eric Masson
The self-assembly into dynamic oligomers of Cucurbit[8]uril (CB[8]), a positive ditopic Ir(III) bis-terpyridine complex, and a negative ditopic Fe(II) bis-terpyridine complex flanked by four butyrate side chains was assessed to answer a seemingly straightforward question: does CB[8] adopt a social self-sorting pattern by encapsulating both positive and negative units into a hetero-ternary complex? We showed that this is indeed the case, with CB[8] linking a positive Ir unit to a neighboring negative Fe unit whenever possible...
February 14, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444337/social-network-analysis-presenting-an-underutilised-method-for-nursing-research
#4
James Michael Parnell, Jennifer C Robinson
AIM: This paper introduces social network analysis as a versatile method with many applications in nursing research. BACKGROUND: Social networks have been studied for years in many social science fields. The methods continue to advance but remain unknown to most nursing scholars. DESIGN: Discussion paper. DATA SOURCES: English language and interpreted literature was searched from Ovid Healthstar, CINAHL, PubMed Central, Scopus and hard copy texts from 1965-2017...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444322/physiological-reactions-to-long-term-fishing-in-the-barents-sea
#5
B Netterstrøm, Å M Hansen, D Isaacson, A M Simonsen, P Weihe
Background: Fishing in distant waters for months may induce physiological stress. Aims: To assess the physiological stress reactions in fishermen working for 2-3 months continuously in 6-h shifts on trawlers in the Barents Sea. Methods: The crew of five trawlers fishing in the Barents Sea from January to April 2004 were invited to participate. In the week before and 5-7 days after the trip, the following measures were collected: salivary cortisol four times a day, 24-h urinary cortisol, blood pressure, heart rate, serum cholesterol, serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL-cholesterol), HbA1c (glycosylated haemoglobin) and weight...
February 10, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444293/the-som-la-pera-intervention-sustainability-capacity-evaluation-of-a-peer-led-social-marketing-intervention-to-encourage-healthy-lifestyles-among-adolescents
#6
Elisabet Llauradó, Magaly Aceves-Martins, Lucia Tarro, Ignasi Papell-Garcia, Francesc Puiggròs, Jordi Prades-Tena, Helle Kettner, Lluis Arola, Montse Giralt, Rosa Solà
Sustainability capacity, always considered a challenge, is the ability to maintain effective long-term intervention in a community. The aim of the study was to improve the sustainability capacity of effective "Som la Pera," a school-based, peer-led, social-marketing intervention that encourages healthy diet and physical activity, in low socioeconomic adolescents from Spain. The sustainability capacity was analyzed by a "programme sustainability assessment tool (PSAT)" comprising eight domains: political support, funding stability, partnerships, organizational capacity, programme evaluation, programme adaptation, communications, and strategic planning...
February 10, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444275/e-cigarette-advertising-exposure-explicit-and-implicit-harm-perceptions-and-e-cigarette-use-susceptibility-among-non-smoking-young-adults
#7
Pallav Pokhrel, Thaddeus A Herzog, Pebbles Fagan, Jennifer B Unger, Alan W Stacy
Introduction: This study tested whether exposure to e-cigarette advertising increases e-cigarette use susceptibility among non-smoking young adults by promoting explicit and implicit attitudes towards e-cigarettes as a safer and healthier alternative to combustible cigarettes. Methods: Young adult current non-smokers who had never used an e-cigarette (N = 393; Mean age = 22.1, Standard Deviation = 3.9; 66% Women) were randomly assigned to one of the 3 conditions that involved viewing real-world, print e-cigarette ads...
February 10, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444273/prevalence-and-determinants-in-cytology-testing-for-cervical-cancer-screening-in-spain-2006-14
#8
Ana I Cobo-Cuenca, María-Aurora Rodríguez-Borrego, Pedro Hidalgo-Lópezosa, Pedro M Rodríguez-Muñoz, Manuela Martins, Juan M Carmona-Torres
Background: Cervical cancer has decreased in developed countries thanks to cytology screening programmes. The aims of this study were To analyse the frequency and evolution of performing cytology tests and to determine the variables that influence their use. Methods: Cross-sectional study of non-institutionalized women who participated in the national health survey (2006, 2011/12) and the European Health Survey in Spain (2009, 2014). Study variables: cytology-testing, time since last cytology-test, reason for performing the test, age, nationality, marital status, social status, education level and place of residence...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444268/advancing-tobacco-product-warning-labels-research-methods-and-theory-a-summary-of-a-grantee-meeting-held-by-the-us-national-cancer-institute
#9
James F Thrasher, Noel T Brewer, Jeff Niederdeppe, Ellen Peters, Andrew A Strasser, Rachel Grana, Annette R Kaufman
Background: The World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control recommends prominent pictorial health warnings on tobacco products. To advance research methods, theory and understanding of how tobacco product warning labels (TPWLs) work, the US National Cancer Institute convened a grantee meeting. Our article describes the key insights that emerged from the meeting, situated within the context of the scientific literature. Results & Recommendations: First, presentations confirmed that large, pictorial TPWLs motivate people to try to quit and encourage smoking cessation...
February 10, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444230/social-movement-involvement-and-healthy-diet-and-activity-behaviors-among-us-adults
#10
Elizabeth A Emley, Dara R Musher-Eizenman
Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors, namely poor diet and inadequate physical activity, significantly contribute to poor health and obesity risk, which in turn impact chronic illness outcomes. A possible approach to improving these health behaviors and subsequent outcomes is to capitalize on the theorized link between social movement involvement and overlapping health behaviors. Social movement involvement may be a viable stealth intervention for health, utilizing intrinsic motivators to improve health without an explicit focus on changing health behavior...
February 12, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444172/motor-and-psychosocial-impact-of-robot-assisted-gait-training-in-a-real-world-rehabilitation-setting-a-pilot-study
#11
Cira Fundarò, Anna Giardini, Roberto Maestri, Silvia Traversoni, Michelangelo Bartolo, Roberto Casale
In the last decade robotic devices have been applied in rehabilitation to overcome walking disability in neurologic diseases with promising results. Robot assisted gait training (RAGT) using the Lokomat seems not only to improve gait parameters but also the perception of well-being. Data on the psychosocial patient-robot impact are limited, in particular in the real-world of RAGT, in the rehabilitation setting. During rehabilitation training, the Lokomat can be considered an "assistive device for movement"...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444166/fairness-informs-social-decision-making-in-infancy
#12
Kelsey Lucca, Jacqueline Pospisil, Jessica A Sommerville
The ability to reason about fairness plays a defining role in the development of morality. Thus, researchers have long been interested in understanding when and how a sensitivity to fairness first develops. Here, we examined infants' ability to use fairness information in selecting social partners. Using a novel experimental paradigm that combined pre-recorded stimuli with an active behavioral measure, we tested whether infants preferred to socially engage with an individual they had previously seen behave fairly or unfairly...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444149/sociability-between-invasive-guppies-and-native-topminnows
#13
Morelia Camacho-Cervantes, Alfredo F Ojanguren, Omar Domínguez-Domínguez, Anne E Magurran
The role of interspecific social interactions during species invasions may be more decisive than previously thought. Research has revealed that invasive fish improve their foraging success by shoaling with native Mexican species, and potentially increase the chances of invasion success. However, do native individuals tend to associate with invaders as well? We tested the hypothesis that the twoline skiffia (Neotoca bilineata) and the Lerma livebearer (Poeciliopsis infans), both native endemic Mexican topminnows, will associate with guppies, a notorious invasive species present in Mexico...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444140/getting-to-fp2020-harnessing-the-private-sector-to-increase-modern-contraceptive-access-and-choice-in-ethiopia-nigeria-and-drc
#14
Christina Riley, Danielle Garfinkel, Katherine Thanel, Keith Esch, Endale Workalemahu, Jennifer Anyanti, Godéfroid Mpanya, Arsène Binanga, Jen Pope, Kim Longfield, Jane Bertrand, Bryan Shaw
BACKGROUND: An estimated 214 million women have unmet need for family planning in developing regions. Improved utilization of the private sector is key to achieving universal access to a range of safe and effective modern contraceptive methods stipulated by FP2020 and SDG commitments. Until now, a lack of market data has limited understanding of the private sector's role in increasing contraceptive coverage and choice. METHODS: In 2015, the FPwatch Project conducted representative outlet surveys in Ethiopia, Nigeria, and DRC using a full census approach in selected administrative areas...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444126/applying-the-multi-threat-framework-of-stereotype-threat-in-the-context-of-digital-gaming
#15
Charlotte R Pennington, Linda K Kaye, Joseph J McCann
Females often report experiencing stigmatisation pertaining to their competency in digital gaming communities. Employing the principles of the multi-threat framework of stereotype threat, the current research examined the impact of gender-related stereotypes on females' gaming performance and related self-perceptions. In Experiment 1, 90 females were assigned to one of three conditions in which they were primed that their performance would be either diagnostic of their personal (self-as-target) or gender group's ability (group-as-target) or would be non-diagnostic of gaming ability (control)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444112/social-network-and-dominance-hierarchy-analyses-at-chimpanzee-sanctuary-northwest
#16
Jake A Funkhouser, Jessica A Mayhew, John B Mulcahy
Different aspects of sociality bear considerable weight on the individual- and group-level welfare of captive nonhuman primates. Social Network Analysis (SNA) is a useful tool for gaining a holistic understanding of the dynamic social relationships of captive primate groups. Gaining a greater understanding of captive chimpanzees through investigations of centrality, preferred and avoided relationships, dominance hierarchy, and social network diagrams can be useful in advising current management practices in sanctuaries and other captive settings...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444100/super-ranging-a-new-ranging-strategy-in-european-badgers
#17
Aoibheann Gaughran, David J Kelly, Teresa MacWhite, Enda Mullen, Peter Maher, Margaret Good, Nicola M Marples
We monitored the ranging of a wild European badger (Meles meles) population over 7 years using GPS tracking collars. Badger range sizes varied seasonally and reached their maximum in June, July and August. We analysed the summer ranging behaviour, using 83 home range estimates from 48 individuals over 6974 collar-nights. We found that while most adult badgers (males and females) remained within their own traditional social group boundaries, several male badgers (on average 22%) regularly ranged beyond these traditional boundaries...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444095/social-class-social-mobility-and-alcohol-related-disorders-in-swedish-men-and-women-a-study-of-four-generations
#18
Anna Sidorchuk, Anna Goodman, Ilona Koupil
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether and how social class and social mobility in grandparents and parents predict alcohol-related disorders (ARDs) in males and females aged 12+ years, and whether intergenerational social prediction of ARDs varies across time periods. METHODS: The study sample included four successive generations (G) of Swedish families from the Uppsala Birth Cohort Multigenerational Study: G0 born 1851-1912; G1 born 1915-1929; G2 born 1940-1964 and G3 born 1965-1989...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444086/mapping-human-vulnerability-to-climate-change-in-the-brazilian-amazon-the-construction-of-a-municipal-vulnerability-index
#19
Júlia Alves Menezes, Ulisses Confalonieri, Ana Paula Madureira, Isabela de Brito Duval, Rhavena Barbosa Dos Santos, Carina Margonari
Vulnerability, understood as the propensity to be adversely affected, has attained importance in the context of climate change by helping to understand what makes populations and territories predisposed to its impacts. Conditions of vulnerability may vary depending on the characteristics of each territory studied-social, environmental, infrastructural, public policies, among others. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate what makes the municipalities of the state of Amazonas, Brazil, vulnerable to climate change in the context of the largest tropical forest in the world, and which regions of the State are the most susceptible...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443933/mental-health-interventions-for-parent-carers-of-children-with-autistic-spectrum-disorder-practice-guidelines-from-a-critical-interpretive-synthesis-cis-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Denise Catalano, Linda Holloway, Elias Mpofu
Parent carers of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often report increased levels of stress, depression, and anxiety. Unmet parent carer mental health needs pose a significant risk to the psychological, physical, and social well-being of the parents of the child affected by ASD and jeopardize the adaptive functioning of the family as well as the potential of the child affected by ASD. This systematic review identifies key qualities of interventions supporting the mental health of parent carers and proposes practitioner-parent carer support guidelines...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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