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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770862/is-latin-america-ready-to-identify-anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-in-breast-implants-patients-regional-encounter-during-the-national-plastic-surgery-meeting-in-cancun-mexico
#1
EDITORIAL
Guillermo Ramos-Gallardo, Jesus Cuenca-Pardo, Lazaro Cardenas-Camarena, Hector Duran-Vega, Eugenio Rodríguez-Olivares, Jorge Enrique Bayter-Marin, Gerardo Levelier De Doig Alvear, Guillermo Vazquez, Montserrat Fontbona-Torres, Ricardo Galán-Suárez, Gabriela Guzman-Stein, Sergio Guzmán-Padilla, Guillermo Echeverría-Roldán, Jose Fernando Silva-Gavarrete, Alfonso Vallarta-Rodríguez, Livia Contreras-Bulnes, Carlos Guillemro Oaxaca-Escobar, Isabel Caravantes-Cortes, María Eugenia Flores, Jorge Cowes-McGowen, María Liz Maciel-Sosa, Ricardo Delgado-Binasco, Linda Rincón-Rubio
INTRODUCTION: Anaplastic large cell lymphoma associated with breast implants is receiving increased attention. Most cases have been reported in Europe, North America (USA and Canada), Australia and New Zealand. Fewer cases have been reported in Latin America (including Mexico), Africa and Asia. METHODS: This report was delivered during our national plastic surgery meeting in Cancun in May 2017. Before the meeting, two participants reviewed the literature. The review was performed using the following information sources: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, Fisterra, Google Scholar and LILACS, with entries from 1980 to August 2015 in several languages (English, Spanish, French and Portuguese)...
May 16, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770117/clinical-application-of-epilepsy-genetics-in-africa-is-now-the-time
#2
Alina I Esterhuizen, Gemma L Carvill, Rajkumar S Ramesar, Symon M Kariuki, Charles R Newton, Annapurna Poduri, Jo M Wilmshurst
Over 80% of people with epilepsy live in low- to middle-income countries where epilepsy is often undiagnosed and untreated due to limited resources and poor infrastructure. In Africa, the burden of epilepsy is exacerbated by increased risk factors such as central nervous system infections, perinatal insults, and traumatic brain injury. Despite the high incidence of these etiologies, the cause of epilepsy in over 60% of African children is unknown, suggesting a possible genetic origin. Large-scale genetic and genomic research in Europe and North America has revealed new genes and variants underlying disease in a range of epilepsy phenotypes...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765827/a-cross-sectional-survey-of-the-north-american-skull-base-society-current-practice-patterns-of-vestibular-schwannoma-evaluation-and-management-in-north-america
#3
Matthew L Carlson, Jamie J Van Gompel, R Mark Wiet, Nicole M Tombers, Anand K Devaiah, Devyani Lal, Jacques J Morcos, Michael J Link
Background  Very few studies have examined vestibular schwannoma (VS) management trends across centers and between providers. The objective of this study is to examine current practice trends, variance in treatment philosophies, and nuanced or controversial aspects of VS care across North America. Methods  This is a cross-sectional survey of North American Skull Base Society (NASBS) members who report regular involvement in VS care. Results  A total of 57 completed surveys were returned. Most respondents claimed to have over 20 years of experience and the majority reported working in an academic practice with an affiliated otolaryngology and/or neurosurgery residency program...
June 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765208/primary-nonadherence-to-chronic-disease-medications-a-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Mark Lemstra, Chijioke Nwankwo, Yelena Bird, John Moraros
Background: Medication nonadherence is a global problem that requires urgent attention. Primary nonadherence occurs when a patient consults with a medical doctor, receives a referral for medical therapy but never fills the first dispensation for the prescription medication. Nonadherence to chronic disease medications costs the USA ~$290 billion (USD) every year in avoidable health care costs. In Canada, it is estimated that 5.4% of all hospitalizations are due to medication nonadherence...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759685/evaluation-of-the-small-aperture-intracorneal-inlay-three-year-results-from-the-cohort-of-the-u-s-food-and-drug-administration-clinical-trial
#5
John A Vukich, Daniel S Durrie, Jay S Pepose, Vance Thompson, Corina van de Pol, Ling Lin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Kamra small-aperture intracorneal inlay. SETTING: Centers in North America, Europe, Asia, and Australia. DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial. METHODS: Patients with emmetropic presbyopia had intracorneal implantation of the inlay in the nondominant eye. RESULTS: The study comprised 507 patients with emmetropic presbyopia who were aged 45 to 60 years old...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758581/-managment-of-acute-low-back-pain-without-trauma-an-algorithm
#6
Carolin Melcher, Bernd Wegener, Volkmar Jansson, Wolf Mutschler, Karl-Georg Kanz, Christof Birkenmaier
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a common problem for primary care providers, outpatient clinics and A&E departments. The predominant symptoms are those of so-called "unspecific back pain", but serious pathologies can be concealed by the clinical signs. Especially less experienced colleagues have problems in treating these patients, as - despite the multitude of recommendations and guidelines - there is no generally accepted algorithm. METHODS: After a literature search (Medline/Cochrane), 158 articles were selected from 15,000 papers and classified according to their level of evidence...
May 14, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757706/the-vesicular-stomatitis-virus-based-ebola-virus-vaccine-from-concept-to-clinical-trials
#7
Ellen Suder, Wakako Furuyama, Heinz Feldmann, Andrea Marzi, Emmie de Wit
The devastating Ebola virus (EBOV) epidemic in West Africa in 2013-2016 accelerated the progress of several vaccines and antivirals through clinical trials, including the replication-competent vesicular stomatitis virus-based vaccine expressing the EBOV glycoprotein (VSV-EBOV). Extensive preclinical testing in animal models demonstrated the prophylactic and post-exposure efficacy of this vaccine, identified the mechanism of protection, and suggested it was safe for human use. Based on these data, VSV-EBOV was extensively tested in phase 1-3 clinical trials in North America, Europe and Africa...
May 14, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754616/updates-in-mesh-and-biomaterials
#8
REVIEW
Brent D Matthews, Lauren Paton
Prior publications of the Surgical Clinics of North America have highlighted the technical challenges of abdominal wall reconstruction. This article provides an update on synthetic, biologic, and biosynthetic mesh research since the 2013 Surgical Clinics of North America hernia publication and highlights the future of mesh research. This update features research that has been conducted since the prior publication to guide surgeons to choose the best and most appropriate mesh for their patients.
June 2018: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754121/early-intervention-services-in-greece-time-to-focus-on-people-at-high-risk
#9
S I Bargiota, V P Bozikas, G Garyfallos, P McGuire
Over the last twenty years, a lot of early intervention services operate worldwide with the aim of offering assistance and promoting the early diagnosis and management, not only of people who experience a first episode of psychosis but also of individuals that are at high risk of developing psychosis. The early intervention services that operate in other countries have been reviewed in correlation with the current status of early intervention services for psychosis in Greece. Early intervention services were first established in Australia, and now hundreds of similar programs exist in Europe, North America and Asia...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753531/japanese-and-north-american-alzheimer-s-disease-neuroimaging-initiative-studies-harmonization-for-international-trials
#10
Takeshi Iwatsubo, Atsushi Iwata, Kazushi Suzuki, Ryoko Ihara, Hiroyuki Arai, Kenji Ishii, Michio Senda, Kengo Ito, Takeshi Ikeuchi, Ryozo Kuwano, Hiroshi Matsuda, Chung-Kai Sun, Laurel A Beckett, Ronald C Petersen, Michael W Weiner, Paul S Aisen, Michael C Donohue
INTRODUCTION: We conducted Japanese Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (J-ADNI) and compared the basic characteristics and progression profiles with those of ADNI in North America. METHODS: A total of 537 Japanese subjects with normal cognition, late amnestic mild cognitive impairment (LMCI), or mild Alzheimer's disease (AD) were enrolled using the same criteria as ADNI. Rates of changes in representative cognitive or functional measures were compared for amyloid positron emission tomography- or cerebrospinal fluid amyloid β(1-42)-positive LMCI and mild AD between J-ADNI and ADNI...
May 8, 2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746225/clinical-radiologic-pathologic-and-molecular-characteristics-of-long-term-survivors-of-diffuse-intrinsic-pontine-glioma-dipg-a-collaborative-report-from-the-international-and-european-society-for-pediatric-oncology-dipg-registries
#11
Lindsey M Hoffman, Sophie E M Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Niclas Colditz, Joshua Baugh, Brooklyn Chaney, Marion Hoffmann, Adam Lane, Christine Fuller, Lili Miles, Cynthia Hawkins, Ute Bartels, Eric Bouffet, Stewart Goldman, Sarah Leary, Nicholas K Foreman, Roger Packer, Katherine E Warren, Alberto Broniscer, Mark W Kieran, Jane Minturn, Melanie Comito, Emmett Broxson, Chie-Schin Shih, Soumen Khatua, Murali Chintagumpala, Anne Sophie Carret, Nancy Yanez Escorza, Timothy Hassall, David S Ziegler, Nicholas Gottardo, Hetal Dholaria, Renee Doughman, Martin Benesch, Rachid Drissi, Javad Nazarian, Nada Jabado, Nathalie Boddaert, Pascale Varlet, Géraldine Giraud, David Castel, Stephanie Puget, Chris Jones, Esther Hulleman, Piergiorgio Modena, Marzia Giagnacovo, Manila Antonelli, Torsten Pietsch, Gerrit H Gielen, David T W Jones, Dominik Sturm, Stefan M Pfister, Nicolas U Gerber, Michael A Grotzer, Elke Pfaff, André O von Bueren, Darren Hargrave, Guirish A Solanki, Filip Jadrijevic Cvrlje, Gertjan J L Kaspers, William P Vandertop, Jacques Grill, Simon Bailey, Veronica Biassoni, Maura Massimino, Raphaël Calmon, Esther Sanchez, Brigitte Bison, Monika Warmuth-Metz, James Leach, Blaise Jones, Dannis G van Vuurden, Christof M Kramm, Maryam Fouladi
Purpose Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is a brainstem malignancy with a median survival of < 1 year. The International and European Society for Pediatric Oncology DIPG Registries collaborated to compare clinical, radiologic, and histomolecular characteristics between short-term survivors (STSs) and long-term survivors (LTSs). Materials and Methods Data abstracted from registry databases included patients from North America, Australia, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Italy, France, the United Kingdom, and Croatia...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741752/abdominal-drainage-to-prevent-intra-peritoneal-abscess-after-open-appendectomy-for-complicated-appendicitis
#12
REVIEW
Zhe Li, Longshuan Zhao, Yao Cheng, Nansheng Cheng, Yilei Deng
BACKGROUND: Appendectomy, the surgical removal of the appendix, is performed primarily for acute appendicitis. Patients who undergo appendectomy for complicated appendicitis, defined as gangrenous or perforated appendicitis, are more likely to suffer from postoperative complications. The routine use of abdominal drainage to reduce postoperative complications after appendectomy for complicated appendicitis is controversial.This is an update of the review first published in 2015. OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of abdominal drainage to prevent intra-peritoneal abscess after open appendectomy for complicated appendicitis...
May 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741603/phenotype-and-clinical-course-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-with-co-existent-celiac-disease
#13
Chung Sang Tse, Parakkal Deepak, Jaime De La Fuente, Adam C Bledsoe, Joseph J Larson, Joseph A Murray, Konstantinos A Papadakis
Background and Aims: Inflammatory bowel diseases, principally Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, and celiac disease are among the most common immune-mediated gastrointestinal diseases. We aim to elucidate the clinical course and outcomes of patients with concomitant inflammatory bowel disease and celiac disease, a unique population that remains scarcely studied to date. Methods: A retrospective matched case-control study of adults with coexistent inflammatory bowel disease and celiac disease was performed at a tertiary referral institution in North America...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730731/the-global-face-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-advocacy-and-research-groups
#14
REVIEW
Christine James, Amal Assa'ad
Although eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) has been described in the literature for a substantial period, its recognition as a disease entity on the global stage is still relatively new. It has become a major diagnosis of consideration by medical providers when both adult and pediatric patients present with dysphagia, food impaction, and gastroesophageal reflux-like symptoms. In addition to the clinical work of specialists such as allergy-immunologists and gastroenterologists, the evolution of research organizations and advocacy groups focused on EoE have greatly assisted in bringing attention to, and raising awareness about, this disease...
May 5, 2018: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729139/toward-harmonization-of-clinical-molecular-diagnostic-reports-findings-of-an-international-survey
#15
Deborah A Payne, Katarina Baluchova, Graciela Russomando, Parviz Ahmad-Nejad, Cyril Mamotte, Francois Rousseau, Ron H N van Schaik, Kristin Marriott, Masato Maekawa, K C Allen Chan
BACKGROUND: The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 15189 standard provides recommendations for the postexamination reporting phase to enhance quality in clinical laboratories. The purpose of this study was to encourage a broad discussion on current reporting practices for molecular diagnostic tests by conducting a global survey of such practices. METHODS: The International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine's Committee for Molecular Diagnostics (IFCC C-MD) surveyed laboratories on selected ISO 15189 recommendations and topics...
May 5, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728119/epidemiology-of-bradykinin-mediated-angioedema-a-systematic-investigation-of-epidemiological-studies
#16
Emel Aygören-Pürsün, Markus Magerl, Andreas Maetzel, Marcus Maurer
BACKGROUND: Bradykinin-mediated angioedema (Bk-AE) can be life-threatening and requires specific targeted therapies. Knowledge of its epidemiology may help optimize its management. METHODS: We systematically searched the medical literature to identify abstracts of interest indexed between 1948 and March, 2016. We used published national survey data on the proportion of the population treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) to derive estimates of the population prevalence of ACEI-AE in the USA, Germany and France...
May 4, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727412/evidence-based-medicine-in-pediatric-orthopaedics-evidence-based-practice-committee-summary-of-levels-of-evidence-clinical-practice-guidelines-appropriate-use-criteria-and-best-practice-guidelines
#17
Jigar S Gandhi, Kevin G Shea, Paul D Sponseller, Brian K Brighton, Theodore J Ganley
The concept of evidence-based medicine has evolved over the past 2 decades, and has become a cornerstone to clinical decision-making in virtually every aspect of medicine. With a commitment to providing its members with high-quality evidence-based guidelines, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons has instituted concerted efforts since 2006 to develop clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) and appropriate use criteria (AUCs) for certain orthopaedic conditions. Many of these CPGs and AUCs detail the management of pediatric orthopaedic conditions...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726612/experimental-infection-of-h5n1-and-h5n8-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-viruses-in-northern-pintail-anas-acuta
#18
J-H Kwon, D-H Lee, D E Swayne, J-Y Noh, S-S Yuk, S Jeong, S-H Lee, C Woo, J-H Shin, C-S Song
The wide geographic spread of Eurasian Goose/Guangdong lineage highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) clade 2.3.4.4 viruses by wild birds is of great concern. In December 2014, an H5N8 HPAI clade 2.3.4.4 Group A (2.3.4.4A) virus was introduced to North America. Long-distance migratory wild aquatic birds between East Asia and North America, such as Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), were strongly suspected of being a source of intercontinental transmission. In this study, we evaluated the pathogenicity, infectivity and transmissibility of an H5N8 HPAI clade 2...
May 4, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719433/male-oncology-research-and-education-program-for-men-at-high-risk-for-prostate-cancer
#19
J Lorentz, S K Liu, D Vesprini
Three groups of men are at high risk of developing prostate cancer: men with a strong family history of prostate cancer, men of West African or Caribbean ancestry, and men with a germline pathogenic variant in a prostate cancer-associated gene. Despite the fact that those men constitute a significant portion of the male population in North America, few recommendations for prostate cancer screening specific to them have been developed. For men at general population risk for prostate cancer, screening based on prostate-specific antigen (psa) has remained controversial despite the abundance of literature on the topic...
April 2018: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717336/global-burden-of-hypoglycaemia-related-mortality-in-109-countries-from-2000-to-2014-an-analysis-of-death-certificates
#20
Francesco Zaccardi, Nafeesa N Dhalwani, David R Webb, Melanie J Davies, Kamlesh Khunti
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: In the context of increasing prevalence of diabetes in elderly people with multimorbidity, intensive glucose control may increase the risk of severe hypoglycaemia, potentially leading to death. While rising trends of severe hypoglycaemia rates have been reported in some European, North American and Asian countries, the global burden of hypoglycaemia-related mortality is unknown. We aimed to investigate global differences and trends of hypoglycaemia-related mortality. METHODS: We used the WHO mortality database to extract information on death certificates reporting hypoglycaemia or diabetes as the underlying cause of death, and the United Nations demographic database to obtain data on mid-year population estimates from 2000 to 2014...
May 1, 2018: Diabetologia
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