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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290955/dynamic-insights-on-surgical-activity-in-a-new-modern-warfare-the-french-role-2-in-bangui-central-african-republic
#1
Olivier Barbier, Pierre Pasquier, Maelle Racle, Yoann Baudoin, Brice Malgras
INTRODUCTION: In December 2013, France deployed more than 2,000 soldiers in Central African Republic with two main missions, to restore security and to improve the humanitarian situation. The objectives of this article were to analyze the surgical activity of forward surgical teams in Central African Republic over 2 years and to discuss features of training for deployed surgeons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From December 5, 2013, to September 30, 2015, we retrospectively reviewed the electronic surgical database...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254543/surgical-and-teaching-mission-to-mongolia-experience-and-lessons
#2
Neil Haranhalli, Yaroslav Gelfand, Apolonia Abramowicz, Abai Siyez, Ebby Elahi, Reza Yassari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190377/collaborative-approach-to-the-creation-of-an-arteriovenous-fistula-on-a-us-navy-hospital-ship
#3
Kimberly A Thompson, Amrish Krishnan, Charles Stehman, Steven Hanling, Kevin Casey
Early creation of arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) decreases morbidity and mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease and is the standard of care in the United States. However, this procedure is frequently not accessible in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We present the first reported case of successful AVF creation as part of a humanitarian assistance mission. The patient was a 51-year-old male with diabetes, hypertension, and end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis via a temporary dialysis catheter...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174396/-japanese-board-certified-thoracic-surgeon
#4
Koji Chihara
The Japanese Board of General Thoracic Surgery (JBGTS) consisted by Japanese Association of Chest Surgery (JACS) and The Japanese Association of Thoracic Surgery (JATS) has been certified Japanese Board Certified Thoracic Surgeon (JBCTS) since 2004. At present, JBCTS is obtained by being of Certified Surgeon by Japan Surgical Society( JSS), completion of minimum requirement of surgical experience, scientific papers, presentation at medical assembly, learning of postgraduate educational programs, and examination approximate 11 years after graduation of medical school...
January 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120739/management-of-complex-chd-at-the-national-cardiothoracic-center-of-excellence-university-of-nigeria-teaching-hospital-enugu-the-role-of-foreign-cardiac-missions-in-3-5-years
#5
Andrew I Nwafor, Josephat M Chinawa, Daberechi K Adiele, Ijeoma O Arodiwe, Ndubueze Ezemba, John C Eze, Ikenna Omeje, Onyiye A Arua, William Novick
BACKGROUND: CHD is defined as structural defect(s) in the heart and proximal blood vessels present at birth. The National Cardiothoracic Center of Excellence, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH), Enugu, through the aid of visiting Cardiac Missions has managed a significant number of patients within the last 3.5 years. Aim/Objective The objective of this study was to review surgical options and outcome of complex CHD among patients attending UNTH, Enugu, Enugu. Materials and Method During the period of 3...
January 25, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120095/patient-barriers-to-accessing-surgical-cleft-care-in-vietnam-a-multi-site-cross-sectional-outcomes-study
#6
Jordan W Swanson, Caroline A Yao, Allyn Auslander, Heather Wipfli, Thi-Hai-Duc Nguyen, Kristin Hatcher, Richard Vanderburg, William P Magee
BACKGROUND: Most people who lack adequate access to surgical care reside in low- and lower-middle-income countries. Few studies have analyzed the barriers that determine the ability to access surgical treatment. We seek to determine which barriers prevent access to cleft care in a resource-limited country to potentially enable barrier mitigation and improve surgical program design. METHODS: A cross-sectional, multi-site study of families accessing care for cleft lip and palate deformities was performed in Vietnam...
January 24, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094564/secondary-cleft-nasolabial-deformities-a-new-classification-system-for-evaluation-and-surgical-revision
#7
Ghassan Abu Sittah, Odette Abou Ghanem, Usama Hamdan, Paul Ramia, Elias Zgheib
INTRODUCTION:   Secondary or residual cleft lip and nasal deformities following primary unilateral or bilateral cleft lip repair are common. Many classification systems have been proposed to describe congenital cleft lip and palate deformities before repair. This article proposes a one-of-a-kind classification system for residual cleft deformities and describes its application to 136 cleft lip revision cases from cleft outreach missions worldwide. METHODS:   Patients' demographics and deformities were classified preoperatively, and a database of the classification was created...
January 17, 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043610/thoracic-surgical-interventions-for-dr-tb-and-their-results
#8
Ravindra Kumar Dewan
BACKGROUND: Surgery in DR-TB is a highly contested intervention. However, in suitable selected cases, it has a great role in improving outcomes of treatment as well as symptomatic improvement in the quality of life of the patient. Indications of surgery in this setting will be localized disease with high likelihood of persistent progression or sputum positivity despite adequate therapy. Recurrent hemoptysis, intolerance to drugs or absence of radiological and bacteriological improvement during initial 3-4months of therapy becomes additional indications for surgical intervention...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031077/deployment-of-medical-relief-teams-of-the-indian-army-in-the-aftermath-of-the-nepal-earthquake-lessons-learned
#9
Ashutosh Chauhan, Bhushan Kumar Chopra
In April 2015 a 7.8-magnitude earthquake hit Nepal. As part of relief operations named Operation Maitri, the Indian Armed Forces deployed 3 field hospitals in the disaster zone. Rapid deployment of mobile surgical teams to far-flung, inaccessible areas was done by helicopters. In an operational deployment spanning 1 month, a total of 7532 patients were treated and 105 surgeries were carried out on 83 patients. One-fifth of the patients were less than 18 years of age. One-third of the patients had traumatic injuries directly attributable to the earthquake, whereas the remaining patients were treated for diseases of poor sanitation and hygiene as well as chronic illness that had been neglected owing to the collapse of the local health infrastructure...
December 29, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028672/con-pure-service-delivery-is-no-longer-needed-in-global-surgical-missions
#10
EDITORIAL
Faye M Evans, Mary T Nabukenya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986235/building-a-sustainable-global-surgery-nonprofit-organization-at-an-academic-institution
#11
Margaret M Frisella
BACKGROUND: Surgical Outreach for the Americas is a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization providing surgical care to those in need in developing countries of the Western Hemisphere. Every year since its inception in 2008, teams of surgeons, nurses, and allied health professionals have traveled to areas of need and performed primarily hernia repair surgeries for those without access to affordable health care. METHODS: Surgical Outreach for the Americas (SOfA) began as a general concept based on World Health Organization statistics claiming that 11% of the global burden of disease can be resolved via surgery...
July 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986232/the-need-for-formal-surgical-global-health-programs-and-improved-mission-trip-coordination
#12
Sar Medoff, Jeffrey Freed
BACKGROUND: There is a dire need for more surgical services as part of improving global health. Conditions treatable with surgery account for 11% of the global burden of disease, with a disproportionate burden affecting low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Less than 6% of the world's operations are performed in LMICs, with relief organizations performing nearly 250,000 operations annually in LMICs in addition to each country's domestic surgical capacity. Currently, surgical needs are not adequately met by the existing patchwork of federal and nongovernmental organizations' surgical services and surgical mission trips...
July 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909067/concept-and-evaluation-of-the-german-war-surgery-course-einsatzchirurgie-kurs-der-bundeswehr
#13
David A Back, K Waldmann, T Hauer, N Huschitt, M W Bowyer, U Wesemann, A Lieber, C Willy
INTRODUCTION: Military surgeons must be prepared to care for severe and complex life-threatening injuries rarely seen in the civilian setting. Typical civilian training and practice do not provide adequate exposure to the broad set of surgical skills required. The German Bundeswehr Medical Service has developed and refined the War Surgery Course (WSC) to meet this training gap. This article describes the recent experience with this readiness curriculum. METHODS: Run annually since 1998, WSC consists nowadays of 5 days with 20 theoretical modules...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867136/pediatric-orthopedic-surgery-in-humanitarian-aid
#14
REVIEW
J Sales de Gauzy, J-F Trinchero, J-L Jouve
Pediatric orthopedic surgery in humanitarian aid is conducted mainly in cooperation with emerging countries. Each mission is different, and depends on numerous parameters such as the country, the frequency of such missions, the pathologies encountered, the local structure and team, and the non-governmental organization (NGO) involved. Pathologies vary in etiology (tuberculosis, poliomyelitis) and severity. Each mission requires the presence of an experienced surgeon. Working conditions are often rudimentary...
November 17, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857655/microsurgery-without-borders-new-limits-for-reconstruction-of-post-burn-sequelae-in-the-humanitarian-setting
#15
I Tocco-Tussardi, B Presman, M Cherubino, C Garusi, F Bassetto
Post-burn contractures account for up to 50% of the workload of a plastic surgery team volunteering in developing nations. Best possible outcome most likely requires extensive surgery. However, extensive approaches such as microsurgery are generally discouraged in these settings. We report two successful cases of severe hand contractures reconstructed with free flaps on a surgical mission in Kenya. Microsurgery can be safely performed in the humanitarian setting by an integration of: personal skills; technical means; education of local personnel; follow-up services; and an effective network for communication...
March 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836828/the-cataract-situation-in-suriname-an-effective-intervention-programme-to-increase-the-cataract-surgical-rate-in-a-developing-country
#16
Jerrel C Pawiroredjo, Janna Minderhoud, Dennis R A Mans, Herman C I Themen, Anne-Marie T Bueno de Mesquita-Voigt, Michael R Siban, Cindy M Forster-Pawiroredjo, Annette C Moll, Ruth M A van Nispen, Hans Limburg
AIMS: To provide an overview of cataract data in Suriname and to describe and evaluate a programme to control cataract blindness in a developing country. DESIGN: Evaluation of hospital data and findings from a population-based cross-sectional survey. METHODS: The implementation of a new cataract surgical intervention programme was described and retrospectively evaluated by analysing the number of cataract operations and other related indicators at the Suriname Eye Centre (SEC) in the period 2006-2014...
February 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834766/humanitarian-cardiology-and-cardiac-surgery-in-sub-saharan-africa-can-we-reshape-the-model
#17
Endale Tefera, Berhanu Nega, Dejuma Yadeta, Yilkal Chanie
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, humanitarian cardiology and cardiac surgery have shifted toward sending short-term surgical and catheter missions to treat patients. Although this model has been shown to be effective in bringing cardiovascular care to the patients' environment, its effectiveness in creating sustainable service is questioned. This study reports the barriers to contribution of missions to effective skill transfer and possible improvements needed in the future, from the perspective of both the local and overseas teams...
November 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807118/understanding-and-addressing-the-global-need-for-orthopaedic-trauma-care
#18
REVIEW
Kiran J Agarwal-Harding, Arvind von Keudell, Lewis G Zirkle, John G Meara, George S M Dyer
➤The burden of musculoskeletal trauma is high worldwide, disproportionately affecting the poor, who have the least access to quality orthopaedic trauma care.➤Orthopaedic trauma care is essential, and must be a priority in the horizontal development of global health systems.➤The education of surgeons, nonphysician clinicians, and ancillary staff in low and middle income countries is central to improving access to and quality of care.➤Volunteer surgical missions from rich countries can sustainably expand and strengthen orthopaedic trauma care only when they serve a local need and build local capacity...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783003/barriers-to-reconstructive-surgery-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-cross-sectional-study-of-453-cleft-lip-and-cleft-palate-patients-in-vietnam
#19
Caroline A Yao, Jordan Swanson, Dayana Chanson, Trisa B Taro, Barrie Gura, Jane C Figueiredo, Heather Wipfli, Kristin Hatcher, Richard Vanderburg, William P Magee
BACKGROUND: Despite health system advances, residents of low- and middle-income countries continue to experience substantial barriers in accessing health care, particularly for specialized care such as plastic and reconstructive surgery. METHODS: A cross-sectional household survey of patients seeking surgical care for cleft lip and/or cleft palate was completed at five Operation Smile International mission sites throughout Vietnam (Hanoi, Nghe An, Hue, Ho Chi Minh City, An Giang, and Bac Lieu) in November of 2014...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778076/a-retrospective-one-year-estimation-of-the-volume-and-nature-of-surgical-and-anaesthetic-services-delivered-to-the-populations-of-the-fako-division-of-the-south-west-region-of-cameroon-an-urgent-call-for-action
#20
Alain Chichom-Mefire, Victor Mbome Njie, Vincent Verla, Julius Atashili
BACKGROUND: Surgery-related conditions account for the majority of admissions in primary referral hospitals in Sub-Saharan Africa. The role of surgery in the reduction of global disease burden is well recognized, but there is a great qualitative and quantitative disparity in the delivery of surgical and anaesthetic services between countries. This study aims at estimating the nature and volume of surgery delivered in an entire administrative division of Cameroon. METHODS: In this retrospective survey conducted during the year 2013, we used a standard tool to analyse the infrastructure and human resources involved in the delivery of surgical and anaesthetic services in the Fako division in the south-west region of Cameroon...
October 24, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
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