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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223665/guidelines-and-checklists-for-short-term-missions-in-global-pediatric-surgery-recommendations-from-the-american-academy-of-pediatrics-delivery-of-surgical-care-global-health-subcommittee-american-pediatric-surgical-association-global-pediatric-surgery-committee
#1
REVIEW
Marilyn Butler, Elizabeth Drum, Faye M Evans, Tamara Fitzgerald, Jason Fraser, Ai-Xuan Holterman, Howard Jen, J Matthew Kynes, Jenny Kreiss, Craig D McClain, Mark Newton, Benedict Nwomeh, James O'Neill, Doruk Ozgediz, George Politis, Henry Rice, David Rothstein, Julie Sanchez, Mark Singleton, Francine S Yudkowitz
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric surgeons, anesthesia providers, and nurses from North America and other high-income countries (HICs) are increasingly engaged in resource-limited areas, with short-term missions (STMs) as the most common form of involvement. However, consensus recommendations currently do not exist for STMs in pediatric general surgery and associated perioperative care. METHODS: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Delivery of Surgical Care Subcommittee and American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) Global Pediatric Surgery Committee, with the American Pediatric Surgical Nurses Association, Inc...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218661/the-sages-fundamental-use-of-surgical-energy-program-fuse-history-development-and-purpose
#2
P Fuchshuber, S Schwaitzberg, D Jones, S B Jones, L Feldman, M Munro, T Robinson, G Purcell-Jackson, D Mikami, A Madani, M Brunt, B Dunkin, C Gugliemi, L Groah, R Lim, J Mischna, C R Voyles
BACKGROUND: Adverse events due to energy device use in surgical operating rooms are a daily occurrence. These occur at a rate of approximately 1-2 per 1000 operations. Hundreds of operating room fires occur each year in the United States, some causing severe injury and even mortality. The Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) therefore created the first comprehensive educational curriculum on the safe use of surgical energy devices, called Fundamental Use of Surgical Energy (FUSE)...
December 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198262/medical-missions-for-the-provision-of-paediatric-cardiac-surgery-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#3
Frank J Molloy, Nguyenvu Nguyen, Marisa Mize, Gavin Wright, Cecilia St George-Hyslop, Maura O'Callaghan, Emma Scanlan, William M Novick
This review will outline the role of visiting cardiac surgical teams in low- and middle-income countries drawing on the collective experience of the authors in a wide range of locations. Requests for assistance can emerge from local programmes at a beginner or advanced stage. However, in all circumstances, careful pre-trip planning is necessary in conjunction with clinical and non-clinical local partners. The clinical evaluation, surgical procedures, and postoperative care all serve as a template for collaboration and education between the visiting and local teams in every aspect of care...
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192633/pattern-of-maxillofacial-surgical-conditions-in-north-central-nigeria-a-5-year-experience-of-an-indigenous-surgical-mission
#4
Seidu A Bello, Timothy Osodin, Ifeoluwa Oketade, Alwel-Brown Ibikari, Nosa Ighile, Deborah J Enebong, Paul Ekpa
BACKGROUND: Several publications have presented pattern of maxillofacial surgical conditions based on data from hospital-based studies. The objective of this study is to present the spectrum of maxillofacial surgical conditions from the perspective of a community study. METHODS: This is a prospective study of all patients seen and treated from 2011 to 2016. The information obtained included the biodata, clinical history of the disease conditions, radiological result, histopathologic result, diagnosis, and treatment records...
October 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134534/current-status-of-cardiovascular-surgery-in-japan-2013-and-2014-a-report-based-on-the-japan-cardiovascular-surgery-database-jcvsd-1-mission-and-history-of-jcvsd
#5
Shinichi Takamoto, Noboru Motomura, Hiroaki Miyata, Hiroyuki Tsukihara
The Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JCVSD) was created in 2000 with the support of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS). The STS database content was translated to Japanese using the same disease criteria and in 2001, data entry for adult cardiac surgeries was initiated online using the University Hospital Medical Information Network (UMIN). In 2008, data entry for congenital heart surgeries was initiated in the congenital section of JCVSD and preoperative expected mortality (JapanSCORE) in adult cardiovascular surgeries was first calculated using the risk model of JCVSD...
November 13, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121199/the-next-19-years-of-the-american-head-and-neck-society
#6
Jeffrey N Myers
Jeffrey N. Myers, MD, PhD, president of the American Head and Neck Society (AHNS) for 2016 to 2017, offered his perspectives on the AHNS's history, present-day activities, and future plans at this year's annual meeting of the society. The society was created from the 1998 merger of 2 societies, the Society for Head and Neck Surgeons (SHNS), founded in 1954, and the American Society for Head and Neck Surgery (ASHNS), founded in 1959, to become the largest organization in North America for the advancement of research and education in head and neck oncology...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119221/preparing-japanese-surgeons-for-potential-mass-casualty-situations-will-require-innovative-and-systematic-programs
#7
H Uchino, V Y Kong, J L Bruce, G V Oosthuizen, W Bekker, G L Laing, D L Clarke
INTRODUCTION: The ongoing state of global geo-political instability means that it is prudent to prepare civilian surgeons to manage major military-type trauma. Japan has enjoyed a prolonged period of peace and consequently it is unlikely that surgeons will have been exposed to a sufficient volume of cases. This study reviews the state of trauma training and preparedness in Japan and reviews the trauma workload of a major Japanese emergency medical center and compared with a major South African trauma center with the intention of quantifying and comparing the time needed to gain adequate exposure to major trauma at the two centers...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111084/a-model-for-humanitarian-outreach-in-today-s-world
#8
REVIEW
James A O'Neill
The traditional model for humanitarian work for surgeons has been a few long-term people and a larger number of volunteers on short-term missions to needy places for one or two weeks with limited opportunity for follow-up. While a great deal of good has resulted from these efforts, in the long term not much has changed. Recent studies like the U.N. Millennium Development Goals and the Lancet Commission Report, Surgery 2030, have pointed out that the burden of surgical disease is the major public health issue in the world, such that an estimated five billion people worldwide do not have access to safe surgery and anesthesia, with the largest number being in Africa where almost half of the population is less than age 18years...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061762/descriptive-analysis-of-the-medical-care-performed-in-the-spanish-military-role-1-medical-treatment-facility-deployed-in-operation-inherent-resolve-iraq-2015-2016
#9
Rafael García Cañas, R Navarro Suay
INTRODUCTION: Operation 'Inherent Resolve' was approved by the United Nations in August 2014 with the objective of suppressing the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant and increasing the region's stability. The mission of the Spanish military forces within this was to direct training missions for the Iraqi Army. The aim of this study is to analyse the medical care provided in the Spanish Role 1 deployed medical treatment facility during Operation 'Apoyo a Irak'. METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive and retrospective study was conducted between 15 December 2015 and 18 November 2016...
October 23, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032924/epidemiology-of-rare-cancers-and-inequalities-in-oncologic-outcomes
#10
G Gatta, A Trama, R Capocaccia
Rare cancers epidemiology is better known compared to the other rare diseases. Thanks to the long history of the European population-based cancer registries and to the EUROCARE huge database, the burden of rare cancers has been estimated the European (EU28) population. A considerable fraction of all cancers is represented by rare cancers (24%). They are a heterogeneous group of diseases, but they share similar problems: uncertainty of diagnosis, lack of therapies, poor research opportunities, difficulties in clinical trials, lack of expertise and of centres of reference...
September 19, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989009/the-surgery-innovation-and-entrepreneurship-development-program-siedp-an-experiential-learning-program-for-surgery-faculty-to-ideate-and-implement-innovations-in-health-care
#11
Jonathan Servoss, Connie Chang, David Olson, Kevin R Ward, Michael W Mulholland, Mark S Cohen
OBJECTIVE: Surgeons are continually engaged in the incorporation of new technologies in their practice. In the operating room and beyond, they combine technical skill with creative problem solving to improve tools and techniques for patient care, making them natural innovators. However, despite their innovative tendencies, education on entrepreneurship and commercialization is severely lacking. Moreover, with increasing pressure to meet productivity metrics, their availability to learn the complexities of commercialization is limited...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949405/outcomes-of-an-international-volunteer-surgical-project-for-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-or-cleft-palate-a-mission-in-developing-laos
#12
Takahiro Goto, Kazuhide Nishihara, Keiichi Kataoka, Shinpei Goto, Tessho Maruyama, Hajime Sunakawa, Nagato Natsume, Akira Arasaki
Cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) is a common birth defect of complex etiology. CL/P surgery is generally performed in infancy to allow for improvements in esthetics, suckling, and speech disorders as quickly as possible. We have engaged in activities such as free-of-charge surgery for CL/P a total of 12 times from 2001 to 2016 in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Laos). The United Nations has designated Laos as a Least Developed Country; it is one of the poorest countries in Asia. We have carried out our activities for a long time, primarily in CL/P patients who cannot undergo surgery for financial reasons, and we have performed CL/P-related surgeries for 283 patients up to 2016...
September 26, 2017: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930034/continuing-a-long-tradition-the-canadian-journal-of-surgery-at-60
#13
EDITORIAL
Vivian C McAlister, Edward J Harvey
As 2017 marks the 60th anniversary of the Canadian Journal of Surgery, its editors in chief take a look back at the history leading to the creation of the journal and at how CJS maintains its original partnerships in order to continue its mission. Organized surgery has existed in Canada for more than 3 centuries. The CJS is the longest surviving of more than 20 journals reporting surgical endeavours. The editors rededicate its mission to the highest standard possible.
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923988/contemporary-management-of-cardiogenic-shock-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#14
REVIEW
Sean van Diepen, Jason N Katz, Nancy M Albert, Timothy D Henry, Alice K Jacobs, Navin K Kapur, Ahmet Kilic, Venu Menon, E Magnus Ohman, Nancy K Sweitzer, Holger Thiele, Jeffrey B Washam, Mauricio G Cohen
Cardiogenic shock is a high-acuity, potentially complex, and hemodynamically diverse state of end-organ hypoperfusion that is frequently associated with multisystem organ failure. Despite improving survival in recent years, patient morbidity and mortality remain high, and there are few evidence-based therapeutic interventions known to clearly improve patient outcomes. This scientific statement on cardiogenic shock summarizes the epidemiology, pathophysiology, causes, and outcomes of cardiogenic shock; reviews contemporary best medical, surgical, mechanical circulatory support, and palliative care practices; advocates for the development of regionalized systems of care; and outlines future research priorities...
October 17, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922326/the-smile-index-part-1-a-large-scale-study-of-phenotypic-norms-for-pre-and-post-operative-unilateral-cleft-lip
#15
Caroline A Yao, Thomas Imahiyerobo, Jordan Swanson, Allyn Auslander, Diego De Cardenas, Jane C Figueiredo, Meghan McCullough, Melinda Costa, Richard Vanderburg, William P Magee
BACKGROUND: Unilateral cleft lip has a spectrum of disease morphology but severity assessments are difficult given the absence of an accessible, objective assessment tools or reference data. We characterize the spectrum of cleft morphology before and after surgical repair for a large, multi-ethnic population using easily identifiable facial landmarks collected through a novel smart phone-based application. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements and standardized photographs were prospectively collected in Morocco, Bolivia, Vietnam and Madagascar during medical missions in 2015 utilizing an application designed specifically for the study...
September 14, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918957/introduction-to-the-2017-founders-lecture-of-the-association-for-academic-surgery
#16
Francis Charles Brunicardi, Mitra Jamshidian
This year's Founders' Lecture will focus on the founding and history of the Association for Academic Surgery (AAS), as presented by five past presidents. The lecture will give the readers a unique and condensed perspective on the remarkable history of the AAS. The AAS was founded in 1967 by Dr George Zuidema with the mission to offer young academic surgeons an inclusive forum for discussion about surgical research and the opportunity for professional growth.1 Since its establishment in 1966, with a membership of only 33 people,1the organization has grown into a diverse international organization with over 2800 members...
September 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910468/estimation-of-dog-bite-risk-and-related-morbidity-among-personnel-working-with-military-dogs
#17
H Schermann, N Eiges, A Sabag, E Kazum, A Albagli, M Salai, A Shlaifer
BACKGROUND: Soldiers serving in the Israel Defense Force Military Working Dogs (MWD) Unit spend many hours taming dogs' special skills, taking them on combat missions, and performing various dogkeeping activities. During this intensive work with the aggressive military dogs, bites are common, and some of them result in permanent disability. However, this phenomenon has not been quantified or reported as an occupational hazard. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study based on self-administered questionnaires...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910466/surgical-instrument-sets-for-special-operations-expeditionary-surgical-teams
#18
Diane F Hale, Justin C Sexton, Linda C Benavides, Jerry M Benavides, Jonathan B Lundy
BACKGROUND: The deployment of surgical assets has been driven by mission demands throughout years of military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. The transition to the highly expeditious Golden Hour Offset Surgical Transport Team (GHOST- T) now offers highly mobile surgical assets in nontraditional operating rooms; the content of the surgical instrument sets has also transformed to accommodate this change. METHODS: The 102nd Forward Surgical Team (FST) was attached to Special Operations assigned to southern Afghanistan from June 2015 to March 2016...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901230/clinical-progress-in-the-management-of-tetralogy-of-fallot-in-the-dominican-republic-a-case-series
#19
María T Perez, Marietta Vázquez, Michael F Canarie, Janet Toribio, Juan León-Wyss
BACKGROUND: Definitive surgical interventions for Dominican children with congenital heart disease, like those of other low- and middle-income countries, have been historically limited. METHODS: We undertook review of a case series focusing on the surgical correction of complex forms of tetralogy of Fallot at a single center, CEDIMAT Centro Cardiovascular, in the Dominican Republic, over a 30-month period. RESULTS: According to our criteria, 43 cases were determined to be complex tetralogy of Fallot repairs from the two-year period...
September 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901228/the-world-database-for-pediatric-and-congenital-heart-surgery-the-dawn-of-a-new-era-of-global-communication-and-quality-improvement-in-congenital-heart-disease
#20
REVIEW
James D St Louis, Hiromi Kurosawa, Richard A Jonas, Nestor Sandoval, Jorge Cervantes, Christo I Tchervenkov, Jeffery P Jacobs, Kisaburo Sakamoto, Giovanni Stellin, James K Kirklin
The World Society for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery was founded with the mission to "promote the highest quality comprehensive cardiac care to all patients with congenital heart disease, from the fetus to the adult, regardless of the patient's economic means, with an emphasis on excellence in teaching, research, and community service." Early on, the Society's members realized that a crucial step in meeting this goal was to establish a global database that would collect vital information, allowing cardiac surgical centers worldwide to benchmark their outcomes and improve the quality of congenital heart disease care...
September 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
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