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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428791/genome-wide-association-study-for-pre-harvest-sprouting-resistance-in-a-large-germplasm-collection-of-chinese-wheat-landraces
#1
Yong Zhou, Hao Tang, Meng-Ping Cheng, Kwame O Dankwa, Zhong-Xu Chen, Zhan-Yi Li, Shang Gao, Ya-Xi Liu, Qian-Tao Jiang, Xiu-Jin Lan, Zhi-En Pu, Yu-Ming Wei, You-Liang Zheng, Lee T Hickey, Ji-Rui Wang
Pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) is mainly caused by the breaking of seed dormancy in high rainfall regions, which leads to huge economic losses in wheat. In this study, we evaluated 717 Chinese wheat landraces for PHS resistance and carried out genome-wide association studies (GWAS) using to 9,740 DArT-seq and 178,803 SNP markers. Landraces were grown across six environments in China and germination testing of harvest-ripe grain was used to calculate the germination rate (GR) for each accession at each site. GR was highly correlated across all environments...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419347/evolutionary-trade-offs-between-drought-resistance-mechanisms-across-a-precipitation-gradient-in-a-seasonally-dry-tropical-oak-quercus-oleoides
#2
Jose A Ramírez-Valiente, Jeannine Cavender-Bares
In seasonally dry tropical forest regions, drought avoidance during the dry season coupled with high assimilation rates in the wet season is hypothesized to be an advantageous strategy for forest trees in regions with severe and long dry seasons. In contrast, where dry seasons are milder, drought tolerance coupled with a conservative resource-use strategy is expected to maximize carbon assimilation throughout the year. Tests of this hypothesis, particularly at the intraspecific level, have been seldom conducted...
April 13, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402468/xylem-adjustment-of-sessile-oak-at-its-southern-distribution-limits
#3
Elisabet Martínez-Sancho, Isabel Dorado-Liñán, Ingo Heinrich, Gerhard Helle, Annette Menzel
Drought is a key limiting factor for tree growth in the Mediterranean Basin. However, the variability in acclimation via xylem traits is largely unknown. We studied tree growth and vessel features of Quercus petraea (Matt.) Lieb. in five marginal stands across southern Europe. Tree-ring width (TRW), mean earlywood vessel area (MVA) and number of earlywood vessels (NV) as well as theoretical hydraulic conductivity (Kh) chronologies were developed for the period 1963-2012. Summer drought signals were consistent among TRW chronologies; however, climatic responses of vessel features differed considerably among sites...
April 10, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393872/water-availability-drives-gas-exchange-and-growth-of-trees-in-northeastern-us-not-elevated-co2-and-reduced-acid-deposition
#4
Mathieu Levesque, Laia Andreu-Hayles, Neil Pederson
Dynamic global vegetation models (DGVM) exhibit high uncertainty about how climate change, elevated atmospheric CO2 (atm. CO2) concentration, and atmospheric pollutants will impact carbon sequestration in forested ecosystems. Although the individual roles of these environmental factors on tree growth are understood, analyses examining their simultaneous effects are lacking. We used tree-ring isotopic data and structural equation modeling to examine the concurrent and interacting effects of water availability, atm...
April 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388204/observation-of-charge-dependent-azimuthal-correlations-in-p-pb-collisions-and-its-implication-for-the-search-for-the-chiral-magnetic-effect
#5
V Khachatryan, A M Sirunyan, A Tumasyan, W Adam, E Asilar, T Bergauer, J Brandstetter, E Brondolin, M Dragicevic, J Erö, M Flechl, M Friedl, R Frühwirth, V M Ghete, C Hartl, N Hörmann, J Hrubec, M Jeitler, A König, I Krätschmer, D Liko, T Matsushita, I Mikulec, D Rabady, N Rad, B Rahbaran, H Rohringer, J Schieck, J Strauss, W Waltenberger, C-E Wulz, O Dvornikov, V Makarenko, V Zykunov, V Mossolov, N Shumeiko, J Suarez Gonzalez, S Alderweireldt, E A De Wolf, X Janssen, J Lauwers, M Van De Klundert, H Van Haevermaet, P Van Mechelen, N Van Remortel, A Van Spilbeeck, S Abu Zeid, F Blekman, J D'Hondt, N Daci, I De Bruyn, K Deroover, S Lowette, S Moortgat, L Moreels, A Olbrechts, Q Python, S Tavernier, W Van Doninck, P Van Mulders, I Van Parijs, H Brun, B Clerbaux, G De Lentdecker, H Delannoy, G Fasanella, L Favart, R Goldouzian, A Grebenyuk, G Karapostoli, T Lenzi, A Léonard, J Luetic, T Maerschalk, A Marinov, A Randle-Conde, T Seva, C Vander Velde, P Vanlaer, D Vannerom, R Yonamine, F Zenoni, F Zhang, A Cimmino, T Cornelis, D Dobur, A Fagot, G Garcia, M Gul, I Khvastunov, D Poyraz, S Salva, R Schöfbeck, A Sharma, M Tytgat, W Van Driessche, E Yazgan, N Zaganidis, H Bakhshiansohi, C Beluffi, O Bondu, S Brochet, G Bruno, A Caudron, S De Visscher, C Delaere, M Delcourt, B Francois, A Giammanco, A Jafari, P Jez, M Komm, G Krintiras, V Lemaitre, A Magitteri, A Mertens, M Musich, C Nuttens, K Piotrzkowski, L Quertenmont, M Selvaggi, M Vidal Marono, S Wertz, N Beliy, W L Aldá Júnior, F L Alves, G A Alves, L Brito, C Hensel, A Moraes, M E Pol, P Rebello Teles, E Belchior Batista Das Chagas, W Carvalho, J Chinellato, A Custódio, E M Da Costa, G G Da Silveira, D De Jesus Damiao, C De Oliveira Martins, S Fonseca De Souza, L M Huertas Guativa, H Malbouisson, D Matos Figueiredo, C Mora Herrera, L Mundim, H Nogima, W L Prado Da Silva, A Santoro, A Sznajder, E J Tonelli Manganote, A Vilela Pereira, S Ahuja, C A Bernardes, S Dogra, T R Fernandez Perez Tomei, E M Gregores, P G Mercadante, C S Moon, S F Novaes, Sandra S Padula, D Romero Abad, J C Ruiz Vargas, A Aleksandrov, R Hadjiiska, P Iaydjiev, M Rodozov, S Stoykova, G Sultanov, M Vutova, A Dimitrov, I Glushkov, L Litov, B Pavlov, P Petkov, W Fang, M Ahmad, J G Bian, G M Chen, H S Chen, M Chen, Y Chen, T Cheng, C H Jiang, D Leggat, Z Liu, F Romeo, S M Shaheen, A Spiezia, J Tao, C Wang, Z Wang, H Zhang, J Zhao, Y Ban, G Chen, Q Li, S Liu, Y Mao, S J Qian, D Wang, Z Xu, C Avila, A Cabrera, L F Chaparro Sierra, C Florez, J P Gomez, C F González Hernández, J D Ruiz Alvarez, J C Sanabria, N Godinovic, D Lelas, I Puljak, P M Ribeiro Cipriano, T Sculac, Z Antunovic, M Kovac, V Brigljevic, D Ferencek, K Kadija, B Mesic, S Micanovic, L Sudic, T Susa, A Attikis, G Mavromanolakis, J Mousa, C Nicolaou, F Ptochos, P A Razis, H Rykaczewski, D Tsiakkouri, M Finger, M Finger, E Carrera Jarrin, A A Abdelalim, Y Mohammed, E Salama, M Kadastik, L Perrini, M Raidal, A Tiko, C Veelken, P Eerola, J Pekkanen, M Voutilainen, J Härkönen, T Järvinen, V Karimäki, R Kinnunen, T Lampén, K Lassila-Perini, S Lehti, T Lindén, P Luukka, J Tuominiemi, E Tuovinen, L Wendland, J Talvitie, T Tuuva, M Besancon, F Couderc, M Dejardin, D Denegri, B Fabbro, J L Faure, C Favaro, F Ferri, S Ganjour, S Ghosh, A Givernaud, P Gras, G Hamel de Monchenault, P Jarry, I Kucher, E Locci, M Machet, J Malcles, J Rander, A Rosowsky, M Titov, A Zghiche, A Abdulsalam, I Antropov, S Baffioni, F Beaudette, P Busson, L Cadamuro, E Chapon, C Charlot, O Davignon, R Granier de Cassagnac, M Jo, S Lisniak, P Miné, M Nguyen, C Ochando, G Ortona, P Paganini, P Pigard, S Regnard, R Salerno, Y Sirois, T Strebler, Y Yilmaz, A Zabi, J-L Agram, J Andrea, A Aubin, D Bloch, J-M Brom, M Buttignol, E C Chabert, N Chanon, C Collard, E Conte, X Coubez, J-C Fontaine, D Gelé, U Goerlach, A-C Le Bihan, K Skovpen, P Van Hove, S Gadrat, S Beauceron, C Bernet, G Boudoul, E Bouvier, C A Carrillo Montoya, R Chierici, D Contardo, B Courbon, P Depasse, H El Mamouni, J Fan, J Fay, S Gascon, M Gouzevitch, G Grenier, B Ille, F Lagarde, I B Laktineh, M Lethuillier, L Mirabito, A L Pequegnot, S Perries, A Popov, D Sabes, V Sordini, M Vander Donckt, P Verdier, S Viret, T Toriashvili, Z Tsamalaidze, C Autermann, S Beranek, L Feld, A Heister, M K Kiesel, K Klein, M Lipinski, A Ostapchuk, M Preuten, F Raupach, S Schael, C Schomakers, J Schulz, T Verlage, H Weber, V Zhukov, A Albert, M Brodski, E Dietz-Laursonn, D Duchardt, M Endres, M Erdmann, S Erdweg, T Esch, R Fischer, A Güth, M Hamer, T Hebbeker, C Heidemann, K Hoepfner, S Knutzen, M Merschmeyer, A Meyer, P Millet, S Mukherjee, M Olschewski, K Padeken, T Pook, M Radziej, H Reithler, M Rieger, F Scheuch, L Sonnenschein, D Teyssier, S Thüer, V Cherepanov, G Flügge, B Kargoll, T Kress, A Künsken, J Lingemann, T Müller, A Nehrkorn, A Nowack, C Pistone, O Pooth, A Stahl, M Aldaya Martin, T Arndt, C Asawatangtrakuldee, K Beernaert, O Behnke, U Behrens, A A Bin Anuar, K Borras, A Campbell, P Connor, C Contreras-Campana, F Costanza, C Diez Pardos, G Dolinska, G Eckerlin, D Eckstein, T Eichhorn, E Eren, E Gallo, J Garay Garcia, A Geiser, A Gizhko, J M Grados Luyando, P Gunnellini, A Harb, J Hauk, M Hempel, H Jung, A Kalogeropoulos, O Karacheban, M Kasemann, J Keaveney, C Kleinwort, I Korol, D Krücker, W Lange, A Lelek, J Leonard, K Lipka, A Lobanov, W Lohmann, R Mankel, I-A Melzer-Pellmann, A B Meyer, G Mittag, J Mnich, A Mussgiller, E Ntomari, D Pitzl, R Placakyte, A Raspereza, B Roland, M Ö Sahin, P Saxena, T Schoerner-Sadenius, C Seitz, S Spannagel, N Stefaniuk, G P Van Onsem, R Walsh, C Wissing, V Blobel, M Centis Vignali, A R Draeger, T Dreyer, E Garutti, D Gonzalez, J Haller, M Hoffmann, A Junkes, R Klanner, R Kogler, N Kovalchuk, T Lapsien, T Lenz, I Marchesini, D Marconi, M Meyer, M Niedziela, D Nowatschin, F Pantaleo, T Peiffer, A Perieanu, J Poehlsen, C Sander, C Scharf, P Schleper, A Schmidt, S Schumann, J Schwandt, H Stadie, G Steinbrück, F M Stober, M Stöver, H Tholen, D Troendle, E Usai, L Vanelderen, A Vanhoefer, B Vormwald, M Akbiyik, C Barth, S Baur, C Baus, J Berger, E Butz, R Caspart, T Chwalek, F Colombo, W De Boer, A Dierlamm, S Fink, B Freund, R Friese, M Giffels, A Gilbert, P Goldenzweig, D Haitz, F Hartmann, S M Heindl, U Husemann, I Katkov, S Kudella, P Lobelle Pardo, H Mildner, M U Mozer, Th Müller, M Plagge, G Quast, K Rabbertz, S Röcker, F Roscher, M Schröder, I Shvetsov, G Sieber, H J Simonis, R Ulrich, J Wagner-Kuhr, S Wayand, M Weber, T Weiler, S Williamson, C Wöhrmann, R Wolf, G Anagnostou, G Daskalakis, T Geralis, V A Giakoumopoulou, A Kyriakis, D Loukas, I Topsis-Giotis, S Kesisoglou, A Panagiotou, N Saoulidou, E Tziaferi, I Evangelou, G Flouris, C Foudas, P Kokkas, N Loukas, N Manthos, I Papadopoulos, E Paradas, N Filipovic, G Bencze, C Hajdu, D Horvath, F Sikler, V Veszpremi, G Vesztergombi, A J Zsigmond, N Beni, S Czellar, J Karancsi, A Makovec, J Molnar, Z Szillasi, M Bartók, P Raics, Z L Trocsanyi, B Ujvari, S Bahinipati, S Choudhury, P Mal, K Mandal, A Nayak, D K Sahoo, N Sahoo, S K Swain, S Bansal, S B Beri, V Bhatnagar, R Chawla, U Bhawandeep, A K Kalsi, A Kaur, M Kaur, R Kumar, P Kumari, A Mehta, M Mittal, J B Singh, G Walia, Ashok Kumar, A Bhardwaj, B C Choudhary, R B Garg, S Keshri, S Malhotra, M Naimuddin, N Nishu, K Ranjan, R Sharma, V Sharma, R Bhattacharya, S Bhattacharya, K Chatterjee, S Dey, S Dutt, S Dutta, S Ghosh, N Majumdar, A Modak, K Mondal, S Mukhopadhyay, S Nandan, A Purohit, A Roy, D Roy, S Roy Chowdhury, S Sarkar, M Sharan, S Thakur, P K Behera, R Chudasama, D Dutta, V Jha, V Kumar, A K Mohanty, P K Netrakanti, L M Pant, P Shukla, A Topkar, T Aziz, S Dugad, G Kole, B Mahakud, S Mitra, G B Mohanty, B Parida, N Sur, B Sutar, S Banerjee, S Bhowmik, R K Dewanjee, S Ganguly, M Guchait, Sa Jain, S Kumar, M Maity, G Majumder, K Mazumdar, T Sarkar, N Wickramage, S Chauhan, S Dube, V Hegde, A Kapoor, K Kothekar, S Pandey, A Rane, S Sharma, H Behnamian, S Chenarani, E Eskandari Tadavani, S M Etesami, A Fahim, M Khakzad, M Mohammadi Najafabadi, M Naseri, S Paktinat Mehdiabadi, F Rezaei Hosseinabadi, B Safarzadeh, M Zeinali, M Felcini, M Grunewald, M Abbrescia, C Calabria, C Caputo, A Colaleo, D Creanza, L Cristella, N De Filippis, M De Palma, L Fiore, G Iaselli, G Maggi, M Maggi, G Miniello, S My, S Nuzzo, A Pompili, G Pugliese, R Radogna, A Ranieri, G Selvaggi, L Silvestris, R Venditti, P Verwilligen, G Abbiendi, C Battilana, D Bonacorsi, S Braibant-Giacomelli, L Brigliadori, R Campanini, P Capiluppi, A Castro, F R Cavallo, S S Chhibra, G Codispoti, M Cuffiani, G M Dallavalle, F Fabbri, A Fanfani, D Fasanella, P Giacomelli, C Grandi, L Guiducci, S Marcellini, G Masetti, A Montanari, F L Navarria, A Perrotta, A M Rossi, T Rovelli, G P Siroli, N Tosi, S Albergo, S Costa, A Di Mattia, F Giordano, R Potenza, A Tricomi, C Tuve, G Barbagli, V Ciulli, C Civinini, R D'Alessandro, E Focardi, P Lenzi, M Meschini, S Paoletti, G Sguazzoni, L Viliani, L Benussi, S Bianco, F Fabbri, D Piccolo, F Primavera, V Calvelli, F Ferro, M Lo Vetere, M R Monge, E Robutti, S Tosi, L Brianza, M E Dinardo, S Fiorendi, S Gennai, A Ghezzi, P Govoni, M Malberti, S Malvezzi, R A Manzoni, D Menasce, L Moroni, M Paganoni, D Pedrini, S Pigazzini, S Ragazzi, T Tabarelli de Fatis, S Buontempo, N Cavallo, G De Nardo, S Di Guida, M Esposito, F Fabozzi, F Fienga, A O M Iorio, G Lanza, L Lista, S Meola, P Paolucci, C Sciacca, F Thyssen, P Azzi, N Bacchetta, L Benato, D Bisello, A Boletti, R Carlin, A Carvalho Antunes De Oliveira, P Checchia, M Dall'Osso, P De Castro Manzano, T Dorigo, U Dosselli, F Gasparini, U Gasparini, A Gozzelino, S Lacaprara, M Margoni, A T Meneguzzo, J Pazzini, N Pozzobon, P Ronchese, F Simonetto, E Torassa, M Zanetti, P Zotto, G Zumerle, A Braghieri, A Magnani, P Montagna, S P Ratti, V Re, C Riccardi, P Salvini, I Vai, P Vitulo, L Alunni Solestizi, G M Bilei, D Ciangottini, L Fanò, P Lariccia, R Leonardi, G Mantovani, M Menichelli, A Saha, A Santocchia, K Androsov, P Azzurri, G Bagliesi, J Bernardini, T Boccali, R Castaldi, M A Ciocci, R Dell'Orso, S Donato, G Fedi, A Giassi, M T Grippo, F Ligabue, T Lomtadze, L Martini, A Messineo, F Palla, A Rizzi, A Savoy-Navarro, P Spagnolo, R Tenchini, G Tonelli, A Venturi, P G Verdini, L Barone, F Cavallari, M Cipriani, D Del Re, M Diemoz, S Gelli, E Longo, F Margaroli, B Marzocchi, P Meridiani, G Organtini, R Paramatti, F Preiato, S Rahatlou, C Rovelli, F Santanastasio, N Amapane, R Arcidiacono, S Argiro, M Arneodo, N Bartosik, R Bellan, C Biino, N Cartiglia, F Cenna, M Costa, R Covarelli, A Degano, N Demaria, L Finco, B Kiani, C Mariotti, S Maselli, E Migliore, V Monaco, E Monteil, M Monteno, M M Obertino, L Pacher, N Pastrone, M Pelliccioni, G L Pinna Angioni, F Ravera, A Romero, M Ruspa, R Sacchi, K Shchelina, V Sola, A Solano, A Staiano, P Traczyk, S Belforte, M Casarsa, F Cossutti, G Della Ricca, A Zanetti, D H Kim, G N Kim, M S Kim, S Lee, S W Lee, Y D Oh, S Sekmen, D C Son, Y C Yang, A Lee, H Kim, J A Brochero Cifuentes, T J Kim, S Cho, S Choi, Y Go, D Gyun, S Ha, B Hong, Y Jo, Y Kim, B Lee, K Lee, K S Lee, S Lee, J Lim, S K Park, Y Roh, J Almond, J Kim, H Lee, S B Oh, B C Radburn-Smith, S H Seo, U K Yang, H D Yoo, G B Yu, M Choi, H Kim, J H Kim, J S H Lee, I C Park, G Ryu, M S Ryu, Y Choi, J Goh, C Hwang, J Lee, I Yu, V Dudenas, A Juodagalvis, J Vaitkus, I Ahmed, Z A Ibrahim, J R Komaragiri, M A B Md Ali, F Mohamad Idris, W A T Wan Abdullah, M N Yusli, Z Zolkapli, H Castilla-Valdez, E De La Cruz-Burelo, I Heredia-De La Cruz, A Hernandez-Almada, R Lopez-Fernandez, R Magaña Villalba, J Mejia Guisao, A Sanchez-Hernandez, S Carrillo Moreno, C Oropeza Barrera, F Vazquez Valencia, S Carpinteyro, I Pedraza, H A Salazar Ibarguen, C Uribe Estrada, A Morelos Pineda, D Krofcheck, P H Butler, A Ahmad, M Ahmad, Q Hassan, H R Hoorani, W A Khan, A Saddique, M A Shah, M Shoaib, M Waqas, H Bialkowska, M Bluj, B Boimska, T Frueboes, M Górski, M Kazana, K Nawrocki, K Romanowska-Rybinska, M Szleper, P Zalewski, K Bunkowski, A Byszuk, K Doroba, A Kalinowski, M Konecki, J Krolikowski, M Misiura, M Olszewski, M Walczak, P Bargassa, C Beirão Da Cruz E Silva, B Calpas, A Di Francesco, P Faccioli, P G Ferreira Parracho, M Gallinaro, J Hollar, N Leonardo, L Lloret Iglesias, M V Nemallapudi, J Rodrigues Antunes, J Seixas, O Toldaiev, D Vadruccio, J Varela, P Vischia, S Afanasiev, P Bunin, M Gavrilenko, I Golutvin, I Gorbunov, A Kamenev, V Karjavin, A Lanev, A Malakhov, V Matveev, V Palichik, V Perelygin, S Shmatov, S Shulha, N Skatchkov, V Smirnov, N Voytishin, A Zarubin, L Chtchipounov, V Golovtsov, Y Ivanov, V Kim, E Kuznetsova, V Murzin, V Oreshkin, V Sulimov, A Vorobyev, Yu Andreev, A Dermenev, S Gninenko, N Golubev, A Karneyeu, M Kirsanov, N Krasnikov, A Pashenkov, D Tlisov, A Toropin, V Epshteyn, V Gavrilov, N Lychkovskaya, V Popov, I Pozdnyakov, G Safronov, A Spiridonov, M Toms, E Vlasov, A Zhokin, A Bylinkin, O Markin, E Tarkovskii, V Andreev, M Azarkin, I Dremin, M Kirakosyan, A Leonidov, A Terkulov, A Baskakov, A Belyaev, E Boos, A Ershov, A Gribushin, A Kaminskiy, O Kodolova, V Korotkikh, I Lokhtin, I Miagkov, S Obraztsov, S Petrushanko, V Savrin, A Snigirev, I Vardanyan, V Blinov, Y Skovpen, D Shtol, I Azhgirey, I Bayshev, S Bitioukov, D Elumakhov, V Kachanov, A Kalinin, D Konstantinov, V Krychkine, V Petrov, R Ryutin, A Sobol, S Troshin, N Tyurin, A Uzunian, A Volkov, P Adzic, P Cirkovic, D Devetak, M Dordevic, J Milosevic, V Rekovic, J Alcaraz Maestre, M Barrio Luna, E Calvo, M Cerrada, M Chamizo Llatas, N Colino, B De La Cruz, A Delgado Peris, A Escalante Del Valle, C Fernandez Bedoya, J P Fernández Ramos, J Flix, M C Fouz, P Garcia-Abia, O Gonzalez Lopez, S Goy Lopez, J M Hernandez, M I Josa, E Navarro De Martino, A Pérez-Calero Yzquierdo, J Puerta Pelayo, A Quintario Olmeda, I Redondo, L Romero, M S Soares, J F de Trocóniz, M Missiroli, D Moran, J Cuevas, J Fernandez Menendez, I Gonzalez Caballero, J R González Fernández, E Palencia Cortezon, S Sanchez Cruz, I Suárez Andrés, J M Vizan Garcia, I J Cabrillo, A Calderon, J R Castiñeiras De Saa, E Curras, M Fernandez, J Garcia-Ferrero, G Gomez, A Lopez Virto, J Marco, C Martinez Rivero, F Matorras, J Piedra Gomez, T Rodrigo, A Ruiz-Jimeno, L Scodellaro, N Trevisani, I Vila, R Vilar Cortabitarte, D Abbaneo, E Auffray, G Auzinger, M Bachtis, P Baillon, A H Ball, D Barney, P Bloch, A Bocci, A Bonato, C Botta, T Camporesi, R Castello, M Cepeda, G Cerminara, M D'Alfonso, D d'Enterria, A Dabrowski, V Daponte, A David, M De Gruttola, A De Roeck, E Di Marco, M Dobson, B Dorney, T du Pree, D Duggan, M Dünser, N Dupont, A Elliott-Peisert, S Fartoukh, G Franzoni, J Fulcher, W Funk, D Gigi, K Gill, M Girone, F Glege, D Gulhan, S Gundacker, M Guthoff, J Hammer, P Harris, J Hegeman, V Innocente, P Janot, J Kieseler, H Kirschenmann, V Knünz, A Kornmayer, M J Kortelainen, K Kousouris, M Krammer, C Lange, P Lecoq, C Lourenço, M T Lucchini, L Malgeri, M Mannelli, A Martelli, F Meijers, J A Merlin, S Mersi, E Meschi, P Milenovic, F Moortgat, S Morovic, M Mulders, H Neugebauer, S Orfanelli, L Orsini, L Pape, E Perez, M Peruzzi, A Petrilli, G Petrucciani, A Pfeiffer, M Pierini, A Racz, T Reis, G Rolandi, M Rovere, M Ruan, H Sakulin, J B Sauvan, C Schäfer, C Schwick, M Seidel, A Sharma, P Silva, P Sphicas, J Steggemann, M Stoye, Y Takahashi, M Tosi, D Treille, A Triossi, A Tsirou, V Veckalns, G I Veres, M Verweij, N Wardle, H K Wöhri, A Zagozdzinska, W D Zeuner, W Bertl, K Deiters, W Erdmann, R Horisberger, Q Ingram, H C Kaestli, D Kotlinski, U Langenegger, T Rohe, F Bachmair, L Bäni, L Bianchini, B Casal, G Dissertori, M Dittmar, M Donegà, C Grab, C Heidegger, D Hits, J Hoss, G Kasieczka, P Lecomte, W Lustermann, B Mangano, M Marionneau, P Martinez Ruiz Del Arbol, M Masciovecchio, M T Meinhard, D Meister, F Micheli, P Musella, F Nessi-Tedaldi, F Pandolfi, J Pata, F Pauss, G Perrin, L Perrozzi, M Quittnat, M Rossini, M Schönenberger, A Starodumov, V R Tavolaro, K Theofilatos, R Wallny, T K Aarrestad, C Amsler, L Caminada, M F Canelli, A De Cosa, C Galloni, A Hinzmann, T Hreus, B Kilminster, J Ngadiuba, D Pinna, G Rauco, P Robmann, D Salerno, Y Yang, A Zucchetta, V Candelise, T H Doan, Sh Jain, R Khurana, M Konyushikhin, C M Kuo, W Lin, Y J Lu, A Pozdnyakov, S S Yu, Arun Kumar, P Chang, Y H Chang, Y W Chang, Y Chao, K F Chen, P H Chen, C Dietz, F Fiori, W-S Hou, Y Hsiung, Y F Liu, R-S Lu, M Miñano Moya, E Paganis, A Psallidas, J F Tsai, Y M Tzeng, B Asavapibhop, G Singh, N Srimanobhas, N Suwonjandee, A Adiguzel, S Cerci, S Damarseckin, Z S Demiroglu, C Dozen, I Dumanoglu, S Girgis, G Gokbulut, Y Guler, I Hos, E E Kangal, O Kara, A Kayis Topaksu, U Kiminsu, M Oglakci, G Onengut, K Ozdemir, D Sunar Cerci, B Tali, S Turkcapar, I S Zorbakir, C Zorbilmez, B Bilin, S Bilmis, B Isildak, G Karapinar, M Yalvac, M Zeyrek, E Gülmez, M Kaya, O Kaya, E A Yetkin, T Yetkin, A Cakir, K Cankocak, S Sen, B Grynyov, L Levchuk, P Sorokin, R Aggleton, F Ball, L Beck, J J Brooke, D Burns, E Clement, D Cussans, H Flacher, J Goldstein, M Grimes, G P Heath, H F Heath, J Jacob, L Kreczko, C Lucas, D M Newbold, S Paramesvaran, A Poll, T Sakuma, S Seif El Nasr-Storey, D Smith, V J Smith, A Belyaev, C Brew, R M Brown, L Calligaris, D Cieri, D J A Cockerill, J A Coughlan, K Harder, S Harper, E Olaiya, D Petyt, C H Shepherd-Themistocleous, A Thea, I R Tomalin, T Williams, M Baber, R Bainbridge, O Buchmuller, A Bundock, D Burton, S Casasso, M Citron, D Colling, L Corpe, P Dauncey, G Davies, A De Wit, M Della Negra, R Di Maria, P Dunne, A Elwood, D Futyan, Y Haddad, G Hall, G Iles, T James, R Lane, C Laner, R Lucas, L Lyons, A-M Magnan, S Malik, L Mastrolorenzo, J Nash, A Nikitenko, J Pela, B Penning, M Pesaresi, D M Raymond, A Richards, A Rose, C Seez, S Summers, A Tapper, K Uchida, M Vazquez Acosta, T Virdee, J Wright, S C Zenz, J E Cole, P R Hobson, A Khan, P Kyberd, D Leslie, I D Reid, P Symonds, L Teodorescu, M Turner, A Borzou, K Call, J Dittmann, K Hatakeyama, H Liu, N Pastika, S I Cooper, C Henderson, P Rumerio, C West, D Arcaro, A Avetisyan, T Bose, D Gastler, D Rankin, C Richardson, J Rohlf, L Sulak, D Zou, G Benelli, E Berry, D Cutts, A Garabedian, J Hakala, U Heintz, J M Hogan, O Jesus, K H M Kwok, E Laird, G Landsberg, Z Mao, M Narain, S Piperov, S Sagir, E Spencer, R Syarif, R Breedon, G Breto, D Burns, M Calderon De La Barca Sanchez, S Chauhan, M Chertok, J Conway, R Conway, P T Cox, R Erbacher, C Flores, G Funk, M Gardner, W Ko, R Lander, C Mclean, M Mulhearn, D Pellett, J Pilot, S Shalhout, J Smith, M Squires, D Stolp, M Tripathi, C Bravo, R Cousins, A Dasgupta, P Everaerts, A Florent, J Hauser, M Ignatenko, N Mccoll, D Saltzberg, C Schnaible, E Takasugi, V Valuev, M Weber, K Burt, R Clare, J Ellison, J W Gary, S M A Ghiasi Shirazi, G Hanson, J Heilman, P Jandir, E Kennedy, F Lacroix, O R Long, M Olmedo Negrete, M I Paneva, A Shrinivas, W Si, H Wei, S Wimpenny, B R Yates, J G Branson, G B Cerati, S Cittolin, M Derdzinski, A Holzner, D Klein, V Krutelyov, J Letts, I Macneill, D Olivito, S Padhi, M Pieri, M Sani, V Sharma, S Simon, M Tadel, A Vartak, S Wasserbaech, C Welke, J Wood, F Würthwein, A Yagil, G Zevi Della Porta, N Amin, R Bhandari, J Bradmiller-Feld, C Campagnari, A Dishaw, V Dutta, M Franco Sevilla, C George, F Golf, L Gouskos, J Gran, R Heller, J Incandela, S D Mullin, A Ovcharova, H Qu, J Richman, D Stuart, I Suarez, J Yoo, D Anderson, A Apresyan, J Bendavid, A Bornheim, J Bunn, Y Chen, J Duarte, J M Lawhorn, A Mott, H B Newman, C Pena, M Spiropulu, J R Vlimant, S Xie, R Y Zhu, M B Andrews, V Azzolini, T Ferguson, M Paulini, J Russ, M Sun, H Vogel, I Vorobiev, M Weinberg, J P Cumalat, W T Ford, F Jensen, A Johnson, M Krohn, T Mulholland, K Stenson, S R Wagner, J Alexander, J Chaves, J Chu, S Dittmer, K Mcdermott, N Mirman, G Nicolas Kaufman, J R Patterson, A Rinkevicius, A Ryd, L Skinnari, L Soffi, S M Tan, Z Tao, J Thom, J Tucker, P Wittich, M Zientek, D Winn, S Abdullin, M Albrow, G Apollinari, S Banerjee, L A T Bauerdick, A Beretvas, J Berryhill, P C Bhat, G Bolla, K Burkett, J N Butler, H W K Cheung, F Chlebana, S Cihangir, M Cremonesi, V D Elvira, I Fisk, J Freeman, E Gottschalk, L Gray, D Green, S Grünendahl, O Gutsche, D Hare, R M Harris, S Hasegawa, J Hirschauer, Z Hu, B Jayatilaka, S Jindariani, M Johnson, U Joshi, B Klima, B Kreis, S Lammel, J Linacre, D Lincoln, R Lipton, T Liu, R Lopes De Sá, J Lykken, K Maeshima, N Magini, J M Marraffino, S Maruyama, D Mason, P McBride, P Merkel, S Mrenna, S Nahn, C Newman-Holmes, V O'Dell, K Pedro, O Prokofyev, G Rakness, L Ristori, E Sexton-Kennedy, A Soha, W J Spalding, L Spiegel, S Stoynev, N Strobbe, L Taylor, S Tkaczyk, N V Tran, L Uplegger, E W Vaandering, C Vernieri, M Verzocchi, R Vidal, M Wang, H A Weber, A Whitbeck, Y Wu, D Acosta, P Avery, P Bortignon, D Bourilkov, A Brinkerhoff, A Carnes, M Carver, D Curry, S Das, R D Field, I K Furic, J Konigsberg, A Korytov, J F Low, P Ma, K Matchev, H Mei, G Mitselmakher, D Rank, L Shchutska, D Sperka, L Thomas, J Wang, S Wang, J Yelton, S Linn, P Markowitz, G Martinez, J L Rodriguez, A Ackert, J R Adams, T Adams, A Askew, S Bein, B Diamond, S Hagopian, V Hagopian, K F Johnson, A Khatiwada, H Prosper, A Santra, R Yohay, M M Baarmand, V Bhopatkar, S Colafranceschi, M Hohlmann, D Noonan, T Roy, F Yumiceva, M R Adams, L Apanasevich, D Berry, R R Betts, I Bucinskaite, R Cavanaugh, O Evdokimov, L Gauthier, C E Gerber, D J Hofman, K Jung, P Kurt, C O'Brien, I D Sandoval Gonzalez, P Turner, N Varelas, H Wang, Z Wu, M Zakaria, J Zhang, B Bilki, W Clarida, K Dilsiz, S Durgut, R P Gandrajula, M Haytmyradov, V Khristenko, J-P Merlo, H Mermerkaya, A Mestvirishvili, A Moeller, J Nachtman, H Ogul, Y Onel, F Ozok, A Penzo, C Snyder, E Tiras, J Wetzel, K Yi, I Anderson, B Blumenfeld, A Cocoros, N Eminizer, D Fehling, L Feng, A V Gritsan, P Maksimovic, C Martin, M Osherson, J Roskes, U Sarica, M Swartz, M Xiao, Y Xin, C You, A Al-Bataineh, P Baringer, A Bean, S Boren, J Bowen, C Bruner, J Castle, L Forthomme, R P Kenny, S Khalil, A Kropivnitskaya, D Majumder, W Mcbrayer, M Murray, S Sanders, R Stringer, J D Tapia Takaki, Q Wang, A Ivanov, K Kaadze, Y Maravin, A Mohammadi, L K Saini, N Skhirtladze, S Toda, F Rebassoo, D Wright, C Anelli, A Baden, O Baron, A Belloni, B Calvert, S C Eno, C Ferraioli, J A Gomez, N J Hadley, S Jabeen, R G Kellogg, T Kolberg, J Kunkle, Y Lu, A C Mignerey, F Ricci-Tam, Y H Shin, A Skuja, M B Tonjes, S C Tonwar, D Abercrombie, B Allen, A Apyan, R Barbieri, A Baty, R Bi, K Bierwagen, S Brandt, W Busza, I A Cali, Z Demiragli, L Di Matteo, G Gomez Ceballos, M Goncharov, D Hsu, Y Iiyama, G M Innocenti, M Klute, D Kovalskyi, K Krajczar, Y S Lai, Y-J Lee, A Levin, P D Luckey, B Maier, A C Marini, C Mcginn, C Mironov, S Narayanan, X Niu, C Paus, C Roland, G Roland, J Salfeld-Nebgen, G S F Stephans, K Sumorok, K Tatar, M Varma, D Velicanu, J Veverka, J Wang, T W Wang, B Wyslouch, M Yang, V Zhukova, A C Benvenuti, R M Chatterjee, A Evans, A Finkel, A Gude, P Hansen, S Kalafut, S C Kao, Y Kubota, Z Lesko, J Mans, S Nourbakhsh, N Ruckstuhl, R Rusack, N Tambe, J Turkewitz, J G Acosta, S Oliveros, E Avdeeva, R Bartek, K Bloom, D R Claes, A Dominguez, C Fangmeier, R Gonzalez Suarez, R Kamalieddin, I Kravchenko, A Malta Rodrigues, F Meier, J Monroy, J E Siado, G R Snow, B Stieger, M Alyari, J Dolen, J George, A Godshalk, C Harrington, I Iashvili, J Kaisen, A Kharchilava, A Kumar, A Parker, S Rappoccio, B Roozbahani, G Alverson, E Barberis, A Hortiangtham, A Massironi, D M Morse, D Nash, T Orimoto, R Teixeira De Lima, D Trocino, R-J Wang, D Wood, S Bhattacharya, O Charaf, K A Hahn, A Kubik, A Kumar, N Mucia, N Odell, B Pollack, M H Schmitt, K Sung, M Trovato, M Velasco, N Dev, M Hildreth, K Hurtado Anampa, C Jessop, D J Karmgard, N Kellams, K Lannon, N Marinelli, F Meng, C Mueller, Y Musienko, M Planer, A Reinsvold, R Ruchti, G Smith, S Taroni, M Wayne, M Wolf, A Woodard, J Alimena, L Antonelli, B Bylsma, L S Durkin, S Flowers, B Francis, A Hart, C Hill, R Hughes, W Ji, B Liu, W Luo, D Puigh, B L Winer, H W Wulsin, S Cooperstein, O Driga, P Elmer, J Hardenbrook, P Hebda, D Lange, J Luo, D Marlow, J Mc Donald, T Medvedeva, K Mei, M Mooney, J Olsen, C Palmer, P Piroué, D Stickland, A Svyatkovskiy, C Tully, A Zuranski, S Malik, A Barker, V E Barnes, S Folgueras, L Gutay, M K Jha, M Jones, A W Jung, D H Miller, N Neumeister, J F Schulte, X Shi, J Sun, F Wang, W Xie, N Parashar, J Stupak, A Adair, B Akgun, Z Chen, K M Ecklund, F J M Geurts, M Guilbaud, W Li, B Michlin, M Northup, B P Padley, R Redjimi, J Roberts, J Rorie, Z Tu, J Zabel, B Betchart, A Bodek, P de Barbaro, R Demina, Y T Duh, T Ferbel, M Galanti, A Garcia-Bellido, J Han, O Hindrichs, A Khukhunaishvili, K H Lo, P Tan, M Verzetti, A Agapitos, J P Chou, E Contreras-Campana, Y Gershtein, T A Gómez Espinosa, E Halkiadakis, M Heindl, D Hidas, E Hughes, S Kaplan, R Kunnawalkam Elayavalli, S Kyriacou, A Lath, K Nash, H Saka, S Salur, S Schnetzer, D Sheffield, S Somalwar, R Stone, S Thomas, P Thomassen, M Walker, A G Delannoy, M Foerster, J Heideman, G Riley, K Rose, S Spanier, K Thapa, O Bouhali, A Celik, M Dalchenko, M De Mattia, A Delgado, S Dildick, R Eusebi, J Gilmore, T Huang, E Juska, T Kamon, R Mueller, Y Pakhotin, R Patel, A Perloff, L Perniè, D Rathjens, A Rose, A Safonov, A Tatarinov, K A Ulmer, N Akchurin, C Cowden, J Damgov, F De Guio, C Dragoiu, P R Dudero, J Faulkner, E Gurpinar, S Kunori, K Lamichhane, S W Lee, T Libeiro, T Peltola, S Undleeb, I Volobouev, Z Wang, S Greene, A Gurrola, R Janjam, W Johns, C Maguire, A Melo, H Ni, P Sheldon, S Tuo, J Velkovska, Q Xu, M W Arenton, P Barria, B Cox, J Goodell, R Hirosky, A Ledovskoy, H Li, C Neu, T Sinthuprasith, X Sun, Y Wang, E Wolfe, F Xia, C Clarke, R Harr, P E Karchin, J Sturdy, D A Belknap, J Buchanan, C Caillol, S Dasu, L Dodd, S Duric, B Gomber, M Grothe, M Herndon, A Hervé, P Klabbers, A Lanaro, A Levine, K Long, R Loveless, I Ojalvo, T Perry, G A Pierro, G Polese, T Ruggles, A Savin, N Smith, W H Smith, D Taylor, N Woods
Charge-dependent azimuthal particle correlations with respect to the second-order event plane in p-Pb and PbPb collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV have been studied with the CMS experiment at the LHC. The measurement is performed with a three-particle correlation technique, using two particles with the same or opposite charge within the pseudorapidity range |η|<2.4, and a third particle measured in the hadron forward calorimeters (4.4<|η|<5). The observed differences between the same and opposite sign correlations, as functions of multiplicity and η gap between the two charged particles, are of similar magnitude in p-Pb and PbPb collisions at the same multiplicities...
March 24, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381902/soil-water-availability-and-evaporative-demand-affect-seasonal-growth-dynamics-and-use-of-stored-water-in-co-occurring-saplings-and-mature-conifers-under-drought
#6
Walter Oberhuber
High-resolution time series of stem radius variations (SRVs) record fluctuations in tree water status and temporal dynamics of radial growth. The focus of this study was to evaluate the influence of tree size (i.e., saplings vs. mature trees) and soil water availability on SRVs. Dendrometers were installed on Pinus sylvestris at an open xeric site and on Picea abies at a dry-mesic site, and the SRVs of co-occurring saplings and mature trees were analyzed during two consecutive years. The results revealed that irrespective of tree size, radial growth in P...
April 2017: Trees: Structure and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369559/transpiration-of-eucalyptus-woodlands-across-a-natural-gradient-of-depth-to-groundwater
#7
Sepideh Zolfaghar, Randol Villalobos-Vega, Melanie Zeppel, James Cleverly, Rizwana Rumman, Matthew Hingee, Nicolas Boulain, Zheng Li, Derek Eamus, Roberto Tognetti
Water resources and their management present social, economic and environmental challenges, with demand for human consumptive, industrial and environmental uses increasing globally. However, environmental water requirements, that is, the allocation of water to the maintenance of ecosystem health, are often neglected or poorly quantified. Further, transpiration by trees is commonly a major determinant of the hydrological balance of woodlands but recognition of the role of groundwater in hydrological balances of woodlands remains inadequate, particularly in mesic climates...
March 23, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336476/associations-of-water-balance-and-thermal-sensitivity-of-toads-with-macroclimatic-characteristics-of-geographical-distribution
#8
Braz Titon, Fernando Ribeiro Gomes
Interspecific variation in patterns of geographical distribution of phylogenetically related species of amphibians might be related to physiological adaptation to different climatic conditions. In this way, a comparative study of resistance to evaporative water loss, rehydration rates and sensitivity of locomotor performance to variations on hydration level and temperature was performed for five species of Bufonidae toads (Rhinella granulosa, R. jimi, R. ornata, R. schneideri and R. icterica) inhabiting different Brazilian biomes...
March 21, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321007/diversity-of-ktedonobacteria-with-actinomycetes-like-morphology-in-terrestrial-environments
#9
Shuhei Yabe, Yasuteru Sakai, Keietsu Abe, Akira Yokota
Bacteria with an actinomycetes-like morphology have recently been discovered, and the class Ktedonobacteria was created for these bacteria in the phylum Chloroflexi. They may prove to be a valuable resource with the potential to produce unprecedented secondary metabolites. However, our understanding of their diversity, richness, habitat, and ecological significance is very limited. We herein developed a 16S rRNA gene-targeted, Ktedonobacteria-specific primer and analyzed ktedonobacterial amplicons. We investigated abundance, diversity, and community structure in forest and garden soils, sand, bark, geothermal sediment, and compost...
March 31, 2017: Microbes and Environments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318131/hydrologic-refugia-plants-and-climate-change
#10
REVIEW
Blair C McLaughlin, David D Ackerly, P Zion Klos, Jennifer Natali, Todd E Dawson, Sally E Thompson
Climate, physical landscapes, and biota interact to generate heterogeneous hydrologic conditions in space and over time, which are reflected in spatial patterns of species distributions. As these species distributions respond to rapid climate change, microrefugia may support local species persistence in the face of deteriorating climatic suitability. Recent focus on temperature as a determinant of microrefugia insufficiently accounts for the importance of hydrologic processes and changing water availability with changing climate...
March 20, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295911/co2-exchange-and-evapotranspiration-across-dryland-ecosystems-of-southwestern-north-america
#11
Joel A Biederman, Russell L Scott, Tom W Bell, David R Bowling, Sabina Dore, Jaime Garatuza-Payan, Thomas E Kolb, Praveena Krishnan, Dan J Krofcheck, Marcy E Litvak, Gregory E Maurer, Tilden P Meyers, Walter C Oechel, Shirley A Papuga, Guillermo E Ponce-Campos, Julio C Rodriguez, William K Smith, Rodrigo Vargas, Christopher J Watts, Enrico A Yepez, Michael L Goulden
Global-scale studies suggest that dryland ecosystems dominate an increasing trend in the magnitude and interannual variability of the land CO2 sink. However, such analyses are poorly constrained by measured CO2 exchange in drylands. Here we address this observation gap with eddy covariance data from 25 sites in the water-limited Southwest region of North America with observed ranges in annual precipitation of 100 - 1000 mm, annual temperatures of 2 - 25 °C, and records of 3 - 10 years (150 site-years in total)...
March 13, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295022/impacts-of-twenty-years-of-experimental-warming-on-soil-carbon-nitrogen-moisture-and-soil-mites-across-alpine-subarctic-tundra-communities
#12
Juha M Alatalo, Annika K Jägerbrand, Jaanis Juhanson, Anders Michelsen, Peter Ľuptáčik
High-altitude and alpine areas are predicted to experience rapid and substantial increases in future temperature, which may have serious impacts on soil carbon, nutrient and soil fauna. Here we report the impact of 20 years of experimental warming on soil properties and soil mites in three contrasting plant communities in alpine/subarctic Sweden. Long-term warming decreased juvenile oribatid mite density, but had no effect on adult oribatids density, total mite density, any major mite group or the most common species...
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281100/helminth-parasitism-in-two-closely-related-south-african-rodents-abundance-prevalence-species-richness-and-impinging-factors
#13
Andrea Spickett, Kerstin Junker, Boris R Krasnov, Voitto Haukisalmi, Sonja Matthee
We investigated patterns of helminth infection in two closely related rodents (social Rhabdomys pumilio occurring mainly in xeric habitats and solitary R. dilectus occurring mainly in mesic habitats) at 20 localities in different biomes of South Africa and asked if between-species differences were mainly caused by difference in sociality or difference in environmental conditions of their respective habitats. Helminths recovered from the gastrointestinal tract totalled 11 nematode and 5 cestode species from R...
March 10, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277960/seasonal-metabolic-acclimatization-varies-in-direction-and-magnitude-among-populations-of-an-afrotropical-passerine-bird
#14
Matthew J Noakes, Blair O Wolf, Andrew E McKechnie
Avian metabolic responses demonstrate considerable diversity under fluctuating environmental conditions, a well-studied example being the seasonal upregulation of basal metabolic rate (BMR) and summit metabolism (Msum) in temperate species experiencing harsh winters. Fewer studies have examined seasonal metabolic acclimatization in subtropical or tropical species. We investigated seasonal metabolic variation in an Afrotropical ploceid passerine, the white-browed sparrow-weaver (Plocepasser mahali; ∼47 g), at three sites along a climatic gradient of approximately 7°C in winter minimum air temperature (Ta)...
March 2017: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267242/arctic-shrub-growth-trajectories-differ-across-soil-moisture-levels
#15
Daniel Ackerman, Daniel Griffin, Sarah E Hobbie, Jacques C Finlay
The circumpolar expansion of woody deciduous shrubs in arctic tundra alters key ecosystem properties including carbon balance and hydrology. However, landscape-scale patterns and drivers of shrub expansion remain poorly understood, inhibiting accurate incorporation of shrub effects into climate models. Here, we use dendroecology to elucidate the role of soil moisture in modifying the relationship between climate and growth for a dominant deciduous shrub, Salix pulchra, on the North Slope of Alaska, USA. We improve upon previous modeling approaches by using ecological theory to guide model selection for the relationship between climate and shrub growth...
March 7, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245232/implications-of-high-species-turnover-on-the-south-western-australian-sandplains
#16
Neil Gibson, Suzanne Prober, Rachel Meissner, Stephen van Leeuwen
Species turnover and its components related to replacement and nestedness form a significant element of diversity that is historically poorly accounted for in conservation planning. To inform biodiversity conservation and contribute to a broader understanding of patterns in species turnover, we undertook a floristic survey of 160 plots along an 870 km transect across oligotrophic sandplains, extending from the mesic south coast to the arid interior of south-western Australia. A nested survey design was employed to sample distances along the transect as evenly as possible...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236438/evaluation-of-a-chest-radiograph-reading-and-recording-system-for-tuberculosis-in-a-hiv-positive-cohort
#17
C S Kosack, S Spijker, J Halton, M Bonnet, S Nicholas, K Chetcuti, A Mesic, W E Brant, E Joekes, S Andronikou
AIM: To assess the impact of introducing a chest radiograph reading and recording system (CRRS) with a short training session, on the accuracy and inter-reader variability of tuberculosis (TB) interpretation of chest radiographs (CXRs) by a group of non-expert readers in a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A set of 139 CXRs was reviewed by a group of eight physicians pre- and post-intervention at two clinics in Shan State, Myanmar, providing HIV/TB diagnosis and treatment services...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165444/correlation-between-cervical-infection-and-preterm-labor
#18
Larisa Mešić Ðogić, Nenad Lučić, Dragana Mićić, Feđa Omeragić, Enes Hodžić, Seid Fazlagić, Refka Kovač, Nevenka Pavlović
Aim To investigate a correlation between cervical canal infection and imminent preterm labor and to identify most frequent pathogens. Methods A prospective study was conducted in obstetrics/gynecology departments of Health Center and the University Clinical Center Tuzla, and General Hospital Tešanj (Bosnia and Herzegovina, B&H) between October 2013 and May 2014. An examined group included 50 healthy pregnant women with singleton pregnancy of the gestation age between the 28th and 37th week, with cervical changes that are related to imminent preterm labor...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154965/an-assessment-of-diurnal-water-uptake-in-a-mesic-prairie-evidence-for-hydraulic-lift
#19
Kimberly O'Keefe, Jesse B Nippert
Hydraulic lift, the passive movement of water through plant roots from wet to dry soil, is an important ecohydrological process in a wide range of water-limited ecosystems. This phenomenon may also alter plant functioning, growth, and survival in mesic grasslands, where soil moisture is spatially and temporally variable. Here, we monitored diurnal changes in the isotopic signature of soil and plant xylem water to assess (1) whether hydraulic lift occurs in woody and herbaceous tallgrass prairie species (Rhus glabra, Amorpha canescens, Vernonia baldwinii, and Andropogon gerardii), (2) if nocturnal transpiration or grazing by large ungulates limits hydraulic lift, and (3) if a dominant grass, A...
April 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152187/clinal-population-divergence-in-an-adaptive-parental-environmental-effect-that-adjusts-seed-banking
#20
Christian Lampei, Johannes Metz, Katja Tielbörger
Bet-hedging via between-year seed dormancy is a costly strategy for plants in unpredictable environments. Theoretically, fitness costs can be reduced through a parental environmental effect when the environment is partly predictable. We tested whether populations from environments that differ in predictability diverged in parental effects on seed dormancy. Common garden-produced seeds of the two annual plant species Biscutella didyma and Bromus fasciculatus collected along an aridity gradient were grown under 12 irrigation treatments...
February 2, 2017: New Phytologist
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