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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936143/assessment-of-readiness-of-academic-emergency-departments-in-the-central-region-of-saudi-arabia-to-receive-a-sick-child
#1
Fahad Saleh Alhajjaj, Abdullah Saleh Aldamigh
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the readiness of general emergency departments (EDs) in academic hospitals in the central region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) to manage pediatric patients using an international tool: The American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Emergency Physicians, and Emergency Nurses Association guidelines, which include facilities, personnel, safety, and other components. METHODS: We assessed eligible centers during multiple visits from January 2016 to May 2016 in which we inspected the EDs and conducted interviews with their respective leadership in which we independently recorded our observations...
July 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934326/the-effect-of-electronic-health-record-software-design-on-resident-documentation-and-compliance-with-evidence-based-medicine
#2
Yasaira Rodriguez Torres, Jordan Huang, Melanie Mihlstin, Mark S Juzych, Heidi Kromrei, Frank S Hwang
This study aimed to determine the role of electronic health record software in resident education by evaluating documentation of 30 elements extracted from the American Academy of Ophthalmology Dry Eye Syndrome Preferred Practice Pattern. The Kresge Eye Institute transitioned to using electronic health record software in June 2013. We evaluated the charts of 331 patients examined in the resident ophthalmology clinic between September 1, 2011, and March 31, 2014, for an initial evaluation for dry eye syndrome...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933929/diagnostic-accuracy-of-two-food-insecurity-screeners-recommended-for-use-in-health-care-settings
#3
Jennifer A Makelarski, Emily Abramsohn, Jasmine H Benjamin, Senxi Du, Stacy Tessler Lindau
OBJECTIVES: To test the diagnostic accuracy of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommended food insecurity screener. METHODS: We conducted prospective diagnostic accuracy studies between July and November 2016 in Chicago, Illinois. We recruited convenience samples of adults from adult and pediatric emergency departments (12-month recall study: n = 188; 30-day recall study: n = 154). A self-administered survey included the 6-item Household Food Security Screen (gold standard), the validated 2-item Hunger Vital Sign (HVS; often, sometimes, never response categories), and the 2-item AAP tool (yes-or-no response categories)...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931640/qualitative-study-of-burnout-career-satisfaction-and-well-being-among-us-neurologists-in-2016
#4
Janis M Miyasaki, Carol Rheaume, Lisa Gulya, Aviva Ellenstein, Heidi B Schwarz, Thomas R Vidic, Tait D Shanafelt, Terrence L Cascino, Chris M Keran, Neil A Busis
OBJECTIVE: To understand the experience and identify drivers and mitigating factors of burnout and well-being among US neurologists. METHODS: Inductive data analysis was applied to free text comments (n = 676) from the 2016 American Academy of Neurology survey of burnout, career satisfaction, and well-being. RESULTS: Respondents providing comments were significantly more likely to be older, owners/partners of their practice, solo practitioners, and compensated by production than those not commenting...
September 20, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925664/preventing-falls-in-older-persons
#5
Lainie Van Voast Moncada, L Glen Mire
The American Geriatrics Society and British Geriatrics Society recommend that all adults older than 65 years be screened annually for a history of falls or balance impairment. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and American Academy of Family Physicians recommend exercise or physical therapy and vitamin D supplementation to prevent falls in community-dwelling older adults who are at increased risk of falls. Although the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and American Academy of Family Physicians do not recommend routine multifactorial intervention to prevent falls in all community-dwelling older adults, they state that it may be appropriate in individual cases...
August 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924063/adolescent-and-young-adult-tattooing-piercing-and-scarification
#6
Cora C Breuner, David A Levine
Tattoos, piercing, and scarification are now commonplace among adolescents and young adults. This first clinical report from the American Academy of Pediatrics on voluntary body modification will review the methods used to perform the modifications. Complications resulting from body modification methods, although not common, are discussed to provide the pediatrician with management information. Body modification will be contrasted with nonsuicidal self-injury. When available, information also is presented on societal perceptions of body modification...
September 18, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924062/national-trends-in-pediatricians-practices-and-attitudes-about-breastfeeding-1995-to-2014
#7
Lori Feldman-Winter, Kinga Szucs, Aubri Milano, Elizabeth Gottschlich, Blake Sisk, Richard J Schanler
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has affirmed breastfeeding as the preferred method of infant feeding; however, there has been little systematic examination of how pediatricians' recommendations, affiliated hospitals' policies, counseling practices, and attitudes toward breastfeeding have shifted over the past 2 decades. These trends were examined from 1995 to 2014. METHODS: Data are from the Periodic Survey (PS) of Fellows, a nationally representative survey of AAP members...
September 18, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923499/descemet-membrane-endothelial-keratoplasty-safety-and-outcomes-a-report-by-the-american-academy-of-ophthalmology
#8
Sophie X Deng, W Barry Lee, Kristin M Hammersmith, Anthony N Kuo, Jennifer Y Li, Joanne F Shen, Mitchell P Weikert, Roni M Shtein
PURPOSE: To review the published literature on the safety and outcomes of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) for the surgical treatment of corneal endothelial dysfunction. METHODS: Literature searches were last conducted in the PubMed and the Cochrane Library databases most recently in May 2017. The searches, which were limited to English-language abstracts, yielded 1085 articles. The panel reviewed the abstracts, and 47 were determined to be relevant to this assessment...
September 15, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922019/sleep-problems-and-daytime-sleepiness-in-children-with-adhd-associations-with-social-emotional-and-behavioural-functioning-at-school-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Isabelle Lucas, Melissa Mulraney, Emma Sciberras
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems and daytime sleepiness are common in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are associated with poor parent-reported functional outcomes. However, the potential impact of sleep problems and/or daytime sleepiness on the school functioning of children with ADHD remains unknown. We aimed to determine if sleep problems and daytime sleepiness were associated with the social, emotional and behavioural school-based functioning of children with ADHD and comorbid sleep problems...
September 18, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919147/pediatric-resident-training-in-prepubertal-vulvar-conditions
#10
Monica Rosen, Veronica I Alaniz, Emily K Kobernik, Stephanie Booms, Yolanda R Smith, Elisabeth H Quint
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess pediatric resident training in diagnosing and managing prepubertal gynecologic conditions. DESIGN: Voluntary 32-question survey emailed to participants. SETTING: Email contact through the American Academy of Pediatrics listserve. PARTICIPANTS: 7075 U.S. pediatrics and combined internal medicine-pediatric residents. INTERVENTIONS: Descriptive analysis including Chi-square tests was performed on survey results...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917469/prior-authorizations-for-dermatologic-medications-an-american-academy-of-dermatology-survey-of-us-dermatology-providers-and-staff
#11
Aaron M Secrest, Maryam M Asgari, Arianne S Kourosh, John S Barbieri, Joerg Albrecht
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917084/evaluation-of-neurodevelopment-of-children-with-congenital-hypothyroidism-by-the-denver-developmental-screening-test
#12
Ayşe Derya Buluş, Esra Tiftik
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormones are essential for growth and brain development in childhood. Although congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common reason for mental retardation, normal neurological development can be achieved through early and effective treatment. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the neurological development of CH patients aged 24-56 months. METHODS: The study included a total of 116 healthy control subjects and 112 patients aged 24-56 months who were diagnosed with CH during the neonatal period and were being followed up at the Pediatric Endocrinology Department, Keçiören Training and Research Hospital, between 2012 and 2015...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914633/gaps-in-current-knowledge-and-priorities-for-future-research-in-dry-eye
#13
Ian J Saldanha, Kay Dickersin, Susan T Hutfless, Esen K Akpek
PURPOSE: Dry eye, a common yet underrecognized and evolving field, has few recommended treatment algorithms, mostly based on expert consensus rather than robust research evidence. There are high costs associated with managing dry eye and conducting research to identify effective and safe long-term treatments. To support evidence-based management of dry eye, our purpose was to identify and prioritize important clinical research questions for future clinical research. METHODS: We translated recommendations from the American Academy of Ophthalmology's 2013 Preferred Practice Patterns for dry eye into answerable clinical research questions about treatment effectiveness...
September 12, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903598/healthcare-providers-attitude-and-knowledge-regarding-medication-use-in-breastfeeding-women-a-jordanian-national-questionnaire-study
#14
Nour A Al-Sawalha, Abeer Sawalha, Linda Tahaineh, Basima Almomani, Maha Al-Keilani
Medication use among women who have recently given birth is unavoidable in some situations. The aim of this study was to assess the attitude and knowledge of healthcare providers (HCPs) in Jordan about the safe use of medications during breastfeeding. The data were collected from HCPs in maternal and children care centres and hospitals from April 2015 to January 2016, using a self-administered questionnaire. A total of 904 HCPs (79.3%) were enrolled in the study. Half of the participants followed the World Health Organisation's and American Academy of Pediatrics' recommendations...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903515/update-from-the-advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices
#15
Sean T O'Leary, Yvonne A Maldonado, Carrie L Byington
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), a group of medical and public health experts, meets 3 times per year to develop recommendations for vaccine use in the United States. The group has 15 voting members, and each member's term is 4 years. ACIP members and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) staff discuss the epidemiology of vaccine-preventable diseases and vaccine research, effectiveness, safety data, and clinical trial results. Representatives from the American Academy of Pediatrics (C...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899574/orbital-implants-in-enucleation-surgery-a-report-by-the-american-academy-of-ophthalmology
#16
Edward J Wladis, Vinay K Aakalu, Rachel K Sobel, Michael T Yen, Jurij R Bilyk, Louise A Mawn
PURPOSE: To compare the motility and complication rates of porous and nonporous implants after enucleation surgery. METHODS: Literature searches of the PubMed and Cochrane Library databases were last performed in February 2017 to identify studies published between 2003 and 2017 on outcomes after enucleation surgeries in which a variety implants were used. The searches were limited to the English language with abstracts and yielded 43 articles, which the Ophthalmic Technology Assessment Committee Oculoplastics and Orbit Panel reviewed for relevancy...
September 9, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899542/predominant-obstructive-or-central-sleep-apnea-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-influence-of-characterizing-apneas-versus-apneas-and-hypopneas
#17
Johanna Strotmann, Henrik Fox, Thomas Bitter, Florian Schindhelm, Klaus-Jürgen Gutleben, Dieter Horstkotte, Olaf Oldenburg
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is common in patients with atrial fibrillation (Afib). Although a high proportion of respiratory events are hypopneas, previous studies have only used apneas to differentiate obstructive (OSA) from central (CSA) sleep apnea. This study investigated the impact of using apneas and hypopneas versus apneas only to define the predominant type of SDB in Afib patients with preserved ejection fraction. PATIENTS/METHODS: This retrospective analysis was based on high-quality cardiorespiratory polygraphy (PG) recordings (07/2007-03/2016) that were re-analyzed using 2012 American Academy of Sleep Medicine criteria, with differentiation of apneas and hypopneas as obstructive or central...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895155/work-related-musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-otolaryngologists-by-subspecialty-a-national-survey
#18
Thuy-Van Tina Ho, Chelsea S Hamill, Kevin J Sykes, Shannon M Kraft
OBJECTIVE: Given the high prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal symptoms, increased appreciation for workplace ergonomics is critical. The purpose of this study is to assess work-related musculoskeletal symptoms and injury among otolaryngologists across subspecialties, as well as to quantify the understanding and application of ergonomic principles in the operating room. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: An online REDCap survey was distributed electronically to University of Kansas faculty, alumni, and residents; members of the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery; and residency program coordinators for distribution to residents and faculty between August 2016 and March 2017...
September 12, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894821/the-role-of-infection-and-antibiotics-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#19
REVIEW
Miriam Baron Barshak, Marlene L Durand
OBJECTIVE: To review the current understanding of the role of infection and antibiotics in chronic rhinosinusitis. REVIEW METHODS: PubMed literature search. RESULTS: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) in adults is an inflammatory condition and the role of infection is unclear. Biofilms are present in both CRS and normal patients so their role in CRS is unknown. Sinus cultures in CRS demonstrate a mixture of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria but may be hard to interpret due to contaminating nasal flora...
February 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894775/pregnancy-screening-before-diagnostic-radiography-in-emergency-department-an-educational-review
#20
REVIEW
Abdelrahman Ibrahim Abushouk, Morteza Sanei Taheri, Parichehr Pooransari, Sahar Mirbaha, Alaleh Rouhipour, Alireza Baratloo
In modern medical practice, there is an increasing dependence on imaging techniques in most medical specialties. Radiation exposure during pregnancy may have serious teratogenic effects to the fetus. Therefore, checking the pregnancy status before imaging women of child bearing age can protect against these effects. Lack of international regulations and standard protocols exposes the patient to unexpected fetal radiation effects and the health professionals to medicolegal suits. Recently, the American Academy of Radiology and the European community of Medical Ionizing Radiation Protection released national guidelines regarding pregnancy screening before imaging potentially pregnant females...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
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