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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146306/real-world-vision-in-age-related-macular-degeneration-patients-treated-with-single-anti-vegf-drug-type-for-1-year-in-the-iris-registry
#1
Prethy Rao, Flora Lum, Kevin Wood, Craig Salman, Bhavya Burugapalli, Rebecca Hall, Sukhminder Singh, David W Parke, George A Williams
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare real-world visual acuity (VA) in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) treated with a single anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) drug monotherapy for 1 year from the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) Intelligent Research in Sight (IRIS) Registry. DESIGN: Retrospective, nonrandomized, comparative study. PARTICIPANTS: IRIS Registry patients with nAMD who received bevacizumab, ranibizumab, or aflibercept only for 1 year between 2013-2016...
November 13, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146146/herpes-zoster-in-hospitalized-adults-practice-gaps-new-evidence-and-remaining-questions
#2
Iris Ahronowitz, Lindy P Fox
Herpes zoster can present many uncertainties for consulting dermatologists. We review the current guidelines and recent literature on important issues that arise in the care of hospitalized patients with herpes zoster, including infection control isolation practices, treatment courses for zoster and acute zoster-associated pain, and indications for long-term prophylaxis. We present the findings of an inpatient zoster management practices survey of the membership of the Society of Dermatology Hospitalists, an expert resource group of the American Academy of Dermatology, and discuss directions for future investigation and potential opportunities for management improvements in light of these collective data...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144275/the-effect-of-level-of-care-on-gastroschisis-outcomes
#3
Jordan C Apfeld, Zachary J Kastenberg, Karl G Sylvester, Henry C Lee
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between level of care in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and outcomes for newborns with gastroschisis. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at 130 California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative NICUs from 2008 to 2014. All gastroschisis births were examined according to American Academy of Pediatrics NICU level of care at the birth hospital. Multivariate analyses examined odds of mortality, duration of mechanical ventilation, and duration of stay...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140965/long-term-hearing-preservation-after-resection-of-vestibular-schwannoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Syed F Ahsan, Farhan Huq, Michael Seidman, Andrew Taylor
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature on the long-term results of hearing preservation after vestibular schwannoma resection. DATA SOURCES: Ovid/Medline, PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane library from January 1980 to January 2015. STUDY SELECTION: Inclusion criteria: age ≥18 years, minimum 10 patients in the treatment group, hearing preserving microsurgery, no previous radiation treatment, serviceable hearing at immediate postop follow-up, hearing outcomes reported using Gardner Robinson or the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgeons hearing grading scales, and average follow-up of 5 years...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136732/-prognosis-factors-for-the-perineal-incision-complications-after-abdominoperineal-resection-for-low-rectal-cancer
#5
S Luo, J W Liang, H T Zhou, W Pei, Z X Zhou, Q Liu, X S Wang
Objective: To evaluate the prognosis factors affecting perineal incision complications after abdominoperineal resection (APR) for the low rectal cancer. Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of 151 consecutive patients with low rectal cancer undergoing APR between January and December 2013 at Department of Colorectal Surgery, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College. The patients were comprised of 95 males and 56 females. The mean age of the patients was (57...
November 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135674/the-pursuit-of-scholarship-why-we-should-care-about-resident-research
#6
Joan E Bechtold, Benjamin R Williams, Stuart L Weinstein, David W Polly, Andrew J Pugely, Joseph A Buckwalter, Stephen A Albanese, Kevin J Bozic, Brian D Snyder
Research is a foundational component of an orthopaedic residency. It fosters intellectual curiosity and pursuit of excellence, while teaching discipline and the scientific method. These are the key principles for careers in both community-based practice and academia. Currently, no consensus exists on how to best engage residents and support their research endeavors. In 2014, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Board of Specialty Societies Research and Quality Committee convened a Clinician-Scientist Collaboration Workgroup...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131326/magnesium-in-migraine-prophylaxis-is-there-an-evidence-based-rationale-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Alexander von Luckner, Franz Riederer
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to systematically evaluate the existing evidence base on magnesium in migraine prophylaxis. METHODS: The search for clinical trials published from 1990 to 2016 was separately conducted by AvL and FR using standard search terms as well as MeSh terms on PubMed and EMBASE. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials investigating prophylactic magnesium administration in migraineurs aged 18-65 were considered eligible. In a mutual effort, the studies found were sorted and analyzed under consideration of the guidelines for controlled trials for drugs in migraine by the International Headache Society and using predefined eligibility criteria...
November 13, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129740/survey-on-neonatal-end-of-life-comfort-care-guidelines-across-america
#8
Shelly Haug, Sara Farooqi, Christopher G Wilson, Andrew Hopper, Grace Oei, Brian Carter
CONTEXT: Infants of age < 1 year have the highest mortality rate in pediatrics. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published guidelines for palliative care in 2013, however, significant variation persists among local protocols addressing neonatal comfort care at the end-of-life (EOL). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate current neonatal EOL comfort care practices and clinician satisfaction across America METHODS: After Institutional Review Board approval (516005), an anonymous, electronic survey was sent to members of the AAP Section on Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129119/periodontal-inflamed-surface-area-and-periodontal-case-definition-classification
#9
Yago Leira, Pablo Martín-Lancharro, Juan Blanco
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether a higher periodontal inflamed surface area (PISA) may reflect more severe periodontitis, and if so, to calculate which cut-off point should be used to classify a patient as suffering from periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty subjects were selected based on their periodontal status and were divided into 4 groups of 20 each; periodontally healthy, mild periodontitis, moderate periodontitis and severe periodontitis. In addition, demographic data, smoking status and socioeconomic status were also recorded...
November 11, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129035/trends-and-factors-associated-with-breastfeeding-and-infant-sleep-practices-in-georgia
#10
Trina C Salm Ward, Florence A Kanu, Alex K Anderson
Breastfeeding benefits both infant and mother, including reducing the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). To further reduce risk of SIDS, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends infants sleep on their backs on a separate sleep surface. Our objective was to describe trends and factors associated with breastfeeding and infant sleep practices in Georgia. Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System 2004-2013 data were obtained from the Georgia Department of Public Health. Chi square tests for trends were utilized to determine whether there were significant linear trends in breastfeeding and infant sleep overtime and by survey phase...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127209/counseling-on-sun-protection-and-indoor-tanning
#11
Sophie J Balk, Elizabeth A Gottschlich, Dawn M Holman, Meg Watson
BACKGROUND: The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends clinical counseling for individuals ages 10 to 24 years to decrease skin cancer risk. METHODS: A national, random sample of US American Academy of Pediatrics members practicing primary care in 2002 (response rate 55%) and 2015 (response rate 43%). Surveys explored attitudes and experiences regarding sun protection counseling; indoor tanning questions were added in 2015. χ(2) tests compared demographics and counseling responses across years, and multivariable logistic regression models examined counseling predictors...
November 10, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124712/safety-and-efficacy-of-phototherapy-in-the-management-of-eczema
#12
Annalisa Patrizi, Beatrice Raone, Giulia Maria Ravaioli
Atopic Dermatitis (AD), a common skin disease, can occur in patients of all age, gender and ethnicity. It is an inflammatory affection, characterized by chronic and highly debilitating behavior. First-line interventions against AD include environmental measures and topical emollients, corticosteroids or calcineurin inhibitors. When these measures are not sufficient, phototherapy represents an efficient second-line option of treatment; it can be administered on its own, or in the most severe cases combined with systemic medicaments such as corticosteroids...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120450/apnea-bradycardia-and-desaturation-spells-in-premature-infants-impact-of-a-protocol-for-the-duration-of-spell-free-observation-on-interprovider-variability-and-readmission-rates
#13
P Chandrasekharan, M Rawat, A M Reynolds, K Phillips, S Lakshminrusimha
OBJECTIVE: To study the impact of implementing a protocol to standardize the duration of observation in preterm infants with apnea/bradycardia/desaturation spells before hospital discharge on length of stay (LOS) and readmission rates. STUDY DESIGN: A protocol to standardize the duration of in-hospital observation for preterm infants with apnea, bradycardia and desaturation spells who were otherwise ready for discharge was implemented in December 2013. We evaluated the impact of this protocol on the LOS and readmission rates of very low birth weight infants (VLBW)...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117883/admission-criteria-for-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-after-adenotonsillectomy-considerations-for-cost
#14
David F Smith, Charlene P Spiceland, Stacey L Ishman, Branden M Engorn, Christopher Donohue, Paul S Park, James R Benke, Tiffany Frazee, Robert H Brown, Nicholas M Dalesio
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Postoperative respiratory complications (PRCs) are common among children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) after adenotonsillectomy. We analyzed postoperative admission guidelines to determine which optimally balanced patient safety and cost. METHODS: Retrospective study of children aged 12 years or younger undergoing adenotonsillectomy for OSA after polysomnography at a tertiary academic care center over 2 years. Demographics, medical history, and hospital course were collected...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112619/2017-american-academy-of-health-physics-awards
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112088/serum-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-levels-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-receiving-oral-vitamin-d-supplementation
#16
Upender K Munshi, Pauline D Graziano, Kara Meunier, Jennifer Ludke, Angel Rios
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D supplementation in preterm infants has been recommended by American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) however its efficacy and safety has not been well studied. OBJECTIVE: To study 25 hydroxy vitamin D (25OHD) levels as a marker of vitamin D status of very low birth weight infants while on vitamin D supplementation during NICU hospitalization. METHODS: Retrospective study of preterm infants with birth weight <1500 g admitted to our unit from Jan 2013 to Dec 2015 who were on oral Vitamin D3 400 IU supplementation...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111941/reasons-to-amplify-the-role-of-parental-permission-in-pediatric-treatment
#17
Mark Christopher Navin, Jason Adam Wasserman
Two new documents from the Committee on Bioethics of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) expand the terrain for parental decision making, suggesting that pediatricians may override only those parental requests that cross a harm threshold. These new documents introduce a broader set of considerations in favor of parental authority in pediatric care than previous AAP documents have embraced. While we find this to be a positive move, we argue that the 2016 AAP positions actually understate the importance of informed and voluntary parental involvement in pediatric decision making...
November 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110889/a-risk-adjustment-approach-to-estimating-the-burden-of-skin-disease-in-the-united-states
#18
Henry W Lim, Scott A B Collins, Jack S Resneck, Jean Bolognia, Julie A Hodge, Thomas A Rohrer, Marta J Van Beek, David J Margolis, Arthur J Sober, Martin A Weinstock, David R Nerenz, Wendy Smith Begolka, Jose V Moyano
Direct insurance claims tabulation and risk adjustment statistical methods can be used to estimate health care costs associated with various diseases. In this third manuscript derived from the new national Burden of Skin Disease Report from the American Academy of Dermatology, a risk adjustment method that was based on modeling the average annual costs of individuals with or without specific diseases, and specifically tailored for 24 skin disease categories, was used to estimate the economic burden of skin disease...
October 27, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108748/refractive-errors-refractive-surgery-preferred-practice-pattern%C3%A2
#19
Roy S Chuck, Deborah S Jacobs, Jimmy K Lee, Natalie A Afshari, Susan Vitale, Tueng T Shen, Jeremy D Keenan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108747/vision-rehabilitation-preferred-practice-pattern%C3%A2
#20
Joseph L Fontenot, Mark D Bona, Mona A Kaleem, William M McLaughlin, Terry L Schwartz, John D Shepherd, Mary Lou Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Ophthalmology
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