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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655124/evaluation-in-terms-of-dietary-habits-of-rheumatic-process-a-clinical-study
#1
Özgür Taşpınar, İhami Gültepe, Yaşar Keskin, Teoman Aydın, Müge Kepekçi, Ahmet Serdar Mutluer, İknur Türk Hocaoglu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is the show to comparison between dietary habits of Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patient. METHODS: In this context, 56 RA patient which are diagnose by American Collage of Rhuomatology-2010 (ACR) rheumatoid arthritis criteria and 28 AS patient which are diagnose by Modified New York Criteria evaluated with their nutrititional status, after that by this evaluation a related form filled by face to face interview in rheumatology outpatient clinic of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Department of Bezmialem Vakif University...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655080/-a-retrospective-controlled-clinical-study-of-single-incision-plus-one-port-laparoscopic-surgery-for-sigmoid-colon-and-upper-rectal-cancer
#2
G X Li, J M Li, Y N Wang, H J Deng, T Y Mou, H Liu
Objective: To evaluate the short-term and oncologic outcomes of single-incision plus one port laparoscopic surgery (SILS+ 1) for sigmoid colon and upper rectal cancer. Methods: The clinic data of 46 patients with sigmoid colon and upper rectal cancer underwent SILS+ 1 at Department of General Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University from September 2013 to September 2014 were retrospectively reviewed (SILS+ 1 group). After generating 1∶1 ration propensity scores given the covariates of age, gender, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, surgeons, tumor location, the distance of tumor from anal, tumor diameter, and pathologic TNM stage, 46 patients with sigmoid colon and upper rectal cancer underwent conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS) in the same time were matched as CLS group...
July 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655034/the-relationship-of-health-insurance-and-mortality-is-lack-of-insurance-deadly
#3
Steffie Woolhandler, David U Himmelstein
About 28 million Americans are currently uninsured, and millions more could lose coverage under policy reforms proposed in Congress. At the same time, a growing number of policy leaders have called for going beyond the Affordable Care Act to a single-payer national health insurance system that would cover every American. These policy debates lend particular salience to studies evaluating the health effects of insurance coverage. In 2002, an Institute of Medicine review concluded that lack of insurance increases mortality, but several relevant studies have appeared since that time...
June 27, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655017/prevalence-and-ethnic-pattern-of-diabetes-and-prediabetes-in-china-in-2013
#4
Limin Wang, Pei Gao, Mei Zhang, Zhengjing Huang, Dudan Zhang, Qian Deng, Yichong Li, Zhenping Zhao, Xueying Qin, Danyao Jin, Maigeng Zhou, Xun Tang, Yonghua Hu, Linhong Wang
Importance: Previous studies have shown increasing prevalence of diabetes in China, which now has the world's largest diabetes epidemic. Objectives: To estimate the recent prevalence and to investigate the ethnic variation of diabetes and prediabetes in the Chinese adult population. Design, Setting, and Participants: A nationally representative cross-sectional survey in 2013 in mainland China, which consisted of 170 287 participants. Exposures: Fasting plasma glucose and hemoglobin A1c levels were measured for all participants...
June 27, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654948/self-rated-communication-related-quality-of-life-of-individuals-with-oromandibular-dystonia-receiving-botulinum-toxin-injections
#5
Allyson D Page, Lauren Siegel, Mandar Jog
Purpose: In this preliminary study, we examined self-rated communication-related quality of life (CR-QoL) of 10 control participants and 10 individuals with oromandibular dystonia (OMD) and dysarthria receiving therapeutic botulinum toxin (BoNT-A) injections. Method: Participants with OMD and associated dysarthria self-rated CR-QoL pre- and post- BoNT-A injection using the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association's Quality of Communication Life Scale (ASHA QCL; Paul et al...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654701/correction-comparison-of-french-and-worldwide-bacillus-anthracis-strains-favors-a-recent-post-columbian-origin-of-the-predominant-north-american-clade
#6
Gilles Vergnaud, Guillaume Girault, Simon Thierry, Christine Pourcel, Nora Madani, Yann Blouin
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0146216.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654694/ethnic-differences-in-lens-parameters-measured-by-ocular-biometry-in-a-cataract-surgery-population
#7
Dajiang Wang, Behzad Amoozgar, Travis Porco, Zhen Wang, Shan C Lin
PURPOSE: To investigate whether differences exist in lens position and other lens parameters among major ethnic groups with cataractous eyes, which may help explain racial differences in angle closure risk. METHODS: This retrospective, cross-sectional study included 807 adult patients who had cataract surgery between years 2014 and 2016 at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). Adult patients of white, Asian, Hispanic and African-American ethnicity were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654663/two-sides-of-a-coin-effects-of-climate-change-on-the-native-and-non-native-distribution-of-colossoma-macropomum-in-south-america
#8
Taise M Lopes, Dayani Bailly, Bia A Almeida, Natália C L Santos, Barbara C G Gimenez, Guilherme O Landgraf, Paulo C L Sales, Matheus S Lima-Ribeiro, Fernanda A S Cassemiro, Thiago F Rangel, José A F Diniz-Filho, Angelo A Agostinho, Luiz C Gomes
Climate change and species invasions interact in nature, disrupting biological communities. Based on this knowledge, we simultaneously assessed the effects of climate change on the native distribution of the Amazonian fish Colossoma macropomum as well as on its invasiveness across river basins of South America, using ecological niche modeling. We used six niche models within the ensemble forecast context to predict the geographical distribution of C. macropomum for the present time, 2050 and 2080. Given that this species has been continuously introduced into non-native South American basins by fish farming activities, we added the locations of C...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654647/ancient-female-philopatry-asymmetric-male-gene-flow-and-synchronous-population-expansion-support-the-influence-of-climatic-oscillations-on-the-evolution-of-south-american-sea-lion-otaria-flavescens
#9
Larissa Rosa de Oliveira, Marcelo C M Gehara, Lúcia D Fraga, Fernando Lopes, Juan Ignacio Túnez, Marcelo H Cassini, Patricia Majluf, Susana Cárdenas-Alayza, Héctor J Pavés, Enrique Alberto Crespo, Nestor García, Rocío Loizaga de Castro, A Rus Hoelzel, Maritza Sepúlveda, Carlos Olavarría, Victor Hugo Valiati, Renato Quiñones, Maria Jose Pérez-Alvarez, Paulo Henrique Ott, Sandro L Bonatto
The South American sea lion (Otaria flavescens) is widely distributed along the southern Atlantic and Pacific coasts of South America with a history of significant commercial exploitation. We aimed to evaluate the population genetic structure and the evolutionary history of South American sea lion along its distribution by analyses of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and 10 nuclear microsatellites loci. We analyzed 147 sequences of mtDNA control region and genotyped 111 individuals of South American sea lion for 10 microsatellite loci, representing six populations (Peru, Northern Chile, Southern Chile, Uruguay (Brazil), Argentina and Falkland (Malvinas) Islands) and covering the entire distribution of the species...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654611/evidence-based-medicine-alloplastic-breast-reconstruction
#10
Peter A Lennox, Esta S Bovill, Sheina A Macadam
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Understand the different advances that have resulted in improved outcomes in implant-based reconstruction. 2. Gain knowledge about specific techniques that have evolved rapidly in recent years and how to implement these. 3. Gain an understanding of controversies associated with alloplastic reconstruction. 4. Recognize undesirable outcomes in implant-based breast reconstruction and understand strategies for correction...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654579/detection-of-high-risk-histologic-features-and-tumor-upstaging-of-nonmelanoma-skin-cancers-on-debulk-analysis-a-quantitative-systematic-review
#11
Babu Singh, Adriana Dorelles, Nellie Konnikov, Bichchau M Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Histologic analysis of tumor debulks from Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) or wide local excision may lead to the detection of adverse features missed on initial biopsy. OBJECTIVE: Determine the incidence of (1) high-risk features on debulk analysis compared with initial biopsy and (2) upstaging of tumors on debulk analysis according to the American Joint Committee of Cancer-7th Edition (AJCC-7) and the Brigham and Women's Alternative (BWH) staging criteria...
June 23, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654571/radiotherapy-alone-or-with-chemotherapy-in-the-management-of-carcinoma-of-the-supraglottic-larynx-a-25-year-community-hospital-experience
#12
Amy R Rao, Daniel A Jones, Charles M Mendenhall, Syed N Rizvi, Jessica Kirwan, Christopher G Morris, Andrew Johns, William J McAfee, William M Mendenhall
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively review outcomes for patients treated with definitive radiotherapy for carcinoma of the supraglottic larynx at a community hospital and to compare our results with the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Treatment records of 46 patients with localized carcinoma of the supraglottic larynx treated from January 1987 through January 2012 were reviewed. Overall, 18 (39%) presented with stage I or II disease, whereas 28 (61%) presented with stage III to IV...
June 26, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654544/cytolytic-induction-therapy-improves-clinical-outcomes-in-african-american-kidney-transplant-recipients
#13
David J Taber, John W McGillicuddy, Charles F Bratton, Vinayak S Rohan, Satish Nadig, Derek Dubay, Prabhakar K Baliga
OBJECTIVE: Determine the impact of cytolytic versus IL-2 receptor antibody (IL-2RA) induction on acute rejection, graft loss and death in African-American (AA) kidney transplant (KTX) recipients. BACKGROUND: AAs are underrepresented in clinical trials in transplantation; thus, there is controversy regarding the optimal choice of perioperative antibody induction in KTX to improve outcomes. METHODS: National cohort study using US transplant registry data from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2009 in adult solitary AA KTX recipients, with at least 5 years of follow-up...
June 26, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654367/reply-to-t-j-powles-et-al
#14
Sukhbinder Dhesy-Thind, Glenn G Fletcher, Mark Clemons, Catherine Van Poznak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654329/effects-of-prior-experience-on-shelter-seeking-behavior-of-juvenile-american-lobsters
#15
Skylar R Bayer, Katherine M Bianchi, Jelle Atema, Molly W Jacobs
Shelter-seeking behaviors are vital for survival for a range of juvenile benthic organisms. These behaviors may be innate or they may be affected by prior experience. After hatching, American lobsters Homarus americanus likely first come into contact with shelter during the late postlarval (decapodid) stage, known as stage IV. After the subsequent molt to the first juvenile stage (stage V), they are entirely benthic and are thought to be highly cryptic. We hypothesized that postlarval (stage IV) experience with shelter would carry over into the first juvenile stage (stage V) and reduce the time needed for juveniles to locate and enter shelters (sheltering)...
April 2017: Biological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654204/race-and-risk-of-metastases-and-survival-after-radical-prostatectomy-results-from-the-search-database
#16
Stephen J Freedland, Adriana C Vidal, Lauren E Howard, Martha K Terris, Matthew R Cooperberg, Christopher L Amling, Christopher J Kane, William J Aronson
BACKGROUND: Black race is associated with prostate cancer (PC) diagnosis and poor outcome. Previously, the authors reported that black men undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP) in equal-access hospitals had an increased risk of biochemical disease recurrence (BCR), but recurrences were equally aggressive as those occurring in white men. The authors examined the association between race and long-term outcomes after RP. METHODS: Data regarding 1665 black men (37%) and 2791 white men (63%) undergoing RP were analyzed...
June 27, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654202/socioeconomic-factors-affect-the-selection-of-proton-radiation-therapy-for-children
#17
Colette J Shen, Chen Hu, Matthew M Ladra, Amol K Narang, Craig E Pollack, Stephanie A Terezakis
BACKGROUND: Proton radiotherapy remains a limited resource despite its clear potential for reducing radiation doses to normal tissues and late effects in children in comparison with photon therapy. This study examined the impact of race and socioeconomic factors on the use of proton therapy in children with solid malignancies. METHODS: This study evaluated 12,101 children (age ≤ 21 years) in the National Cancer Data Base who had been diagnosed with a solid malignancy between 2004 and 2013 and had received photon- or proton-based radiotherapy...
June 27, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654189/the-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale-hads-and-the-9-item-patient-health-questionnaire-phq-9-as-screening-instruments-for-depression-in-patients-with-cancer
#18
Tim J Hartung, Michael Friedrich, Christoffer Johansen, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Herman Faller, Uwe Koch, Elmar Brähler, Martin Härter, Monika Keller, Holger Schulz, Karl Wegscheider, Joachim Weis, Anja Mehnert
BACKGROUND: Depression screening in patients with cancer is recommended by major clinical guidelines, although the evidence on individual screening tools is limited for this population. Here, the authors assess and compare the diagnostic accuracy of 2 established screening instruments: the depression modules of the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D), in a representative sample of patients with cancer. METHODS: This multicenter study was conducted with a proportional, stratified, random sample of 2141 patients with cancer across all major tumor sites and treatment settings...
June 27, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654155/incidence-of-hematologic-malignancy-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-the-women-s-health-initiative-randomized-controlled-trial-of-calcium-and-vitamin-d-supplementation
#19
Eric M Ammann, Matthew T Drake, Bjarni Haraldsson, Robert B Wallace, Karen C Johnson, Pinkal Desai, Emily M Lin, Brian K Link
BACKGROUND: Prior evidence of a possible link between vitamin D status and hematologic malignancy (HM) in humans comes from observational studies, leaving unresolved the question of whether a true causal relationship exists. METHODS: The authors performed a secondary analysis of data from the Women's Health Initiative Calcium/Vitamin D (CaD) trial, a large randomized controlled trial of CaD supplementation compared with placebo in older women. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards survival analysis methods were used to evaluate the relationship between treatment assignment and 1) incident HM and 2) HM-specific mortality over 10 years following randomization...
June 27, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654153/survivorship-and-the-chronic-cancer-patient-patterns-in-treatment-related-effects-follow-up-care-and-use-of-survivorship-care-plans
#20
Melissa A Frick, Carolyn C Vachani, Christina Bach, Margaret K Hampshire, Karen Arnold-Korzeniowski, James M Metz, Christine E Hill-Kayser
BACKGROUND: The survivorship needs of patients living with chronic cancer (CC) and their use of survivorship care plans (SCPs) have been overlooked and underappreciated. METHODS: A convenience sample of 39,088 SCPs completed for cancer survivors with an Internet-based SCP tool was examined; it included 5847 CC survivors (15%; CC was defined as chronic leukemia and/or recurrent/metastatic cancer of another nature). Patient-reported treatment effects and follow-up care patterns were compared between CC survivors and survivors treated with curative intent (CI)...
June 27, 2017: Cancer
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