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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432938/the-role-of-distress-intolerance-in-the-relationship-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-problematic-alcohol-use-among-latin-american-msm
#1
Katie Wang, Jaclyn M White Hughto, Katie B Biello, Conall O'Cleirigh, Kenneth H Mayer, Joshua G Rosenberger, David S Novak, Matthew J Mimiaga
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) among men who have sex with men (MSM) and its well-documented association with substance use in adulthood, little research has examined the psychological mechanisms underlying this association. The current study utilized a large, multinational sample of MSM in Latin America to examine the role of distress intolerance (i.e., decreased capacity to withstand negative psychological states) in the relationship between childhood sexual abuse history and problematic alcohol use...
April 6, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432617/prognostic-significance-of-histologic-subtype-in-pstage-i-lung-adenocarcinoma
#2
Nozomu Motono, Takuma Matsui, Yuichiro Machida, Katsuo Usuda, Hidetaka Uramoto
The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer, the American Thoracic Society, and the European Respiratory Society (IASLC/ATS/ERS) proposed a new histologic classification of lung adenocarcinoma in 2011. While several studies have already validated the prognostic value of this new classification of lung adenocarcinoma, we conducted own investigation in the present study. This study included 197 patients with invasive lung adenocarcinoma who underwent complete resection. Pathologic diagnoses were made in accordance with the new IASLC/ATS/ERS classification for lung adenocarcinoma...
June 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432578/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-rise-a-community-based-culturally-congruent-adherence-intervention-for-black-americans-living-with-hiv
#3
Laura M Bogart, Matt G Mutchler, Bryce McDavitt, David J Klein, William E Cunningham, Kathy J Goggin, Bonnie Ghosh-Dastidar, Nikki Rachal, Kelsey A Nogg, Glenn J Wagner
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based HIV treatment adherence interventions have typically shown medium-sized effects on adherence. Prior evidence-based HIV treatment adherence interventions have not been culturally adapted specifically for Black/African Americans, the population most affected by HIV disparities in the USA, who exhibit lower adherence than do members of other racial/ethnic groups. PURPOSE: We conducted a randomized controlled trial of Rise, a 6-month culturally congruent adherence counseling intervention for HIV-positive Black men and women...
April 21, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432565/parapharyngodon-hugoi-n-sp-a-new-nematode-oxyuroidea-pharyngodonidae-of-the-tree-frog-trachycephalus-typhonius-linnaeus-from-the-brazilian-pantanal-including-a-key-to-the-congeners-from-amphibians-of-the-american-continent
#4
Felipe B Pereira, Karla M Campião, José L Luque, Luiz E R Tavares
A new nematode Parapharyngodon hugoi n. sp. (Oxyuroidea: Pharyngodonidae) is described parasitising the large intestine of the tree frog Trachycephalus typhonius (Linnaeus) (Anura: Hylidae) from the wetlands of Pantanal, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The new species exhibits a unique structure of the posterior cloacal lip in males, which is supported by a rigid V-shaped structure. Parapharyngodon hylidae parasitic in hylid frogs, including T. typhonius, from Mexico, is the most similar congener to P...
April 21, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432415/use-of-computer-imaging-in-rhinoplasty-a-survey-of-the-practices-of-facial-plastic-surgeons
#5
Prabhjyot Singh, Steven Pearlman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to quantify the use of computer imaging by facial plastic surgeons. METHODS: AAFPRS Facial plastic surgeons were surveyed about their use of computer imaging during rhinoplasty consultations. The survey collected information about surgeon demographics, practice settings, practice patterns, and rates of computer imaging (CI) for primary and revision rhinoplasty. For those surgeons who used CI, additional information was also collected, which included who performed the imaging and whether the patient was given the morphed images after the consultation...
April 21, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432353/severe-hearing-loss-and-outer-hair-cell-death-in-homozygous-foxo3-knockout-mice-after-moderate-noise-exposure
#6
Felicia Gilels, Stephen T Paquette, Holly J Beaulac, Anwen Bullen, Patricia M White
Noise induced hearing loss (NIHL) is a disease that affects millions of Americans. Identifying genetic pathways that influence recovery from noise exposure is an important step forward in understanding NIHL. The transcription factor Foxo3 integrates the cellular response to oxidative stress and plays a role in extending lifespan in many organisms, including humans. Here we show that Foxo3 is required for auditory function after noise exposure in a mouse model system, measured by ABR. Absent Foxo3, outer hair cells are lost throughout the middle and higher frequencies...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432321/mycobacterium-tuberculosis-lineage-distribution-in-xinjiang-and-gansu-provinces-china
#7
Haixia Chen, Li He, Hairong Huang, Chengmin Shi, Xumin Ni, Guangming Dai, Liang Ma, Weimin Li
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) genotyping has dramatically improved the understanding of the epidemiology of tuberculosis (TB). In this study, 187 M. tuberculosis isolates from Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (Xinjiang) and Gansu province in China were genotyped using large sequence polymorphisms (LSPs) and variable number tandem repeats (VNTR). Ten isolates, which represent major nodes of VNTR-based minimum spanning tree, were selected and subsequently subjected to multi-locus sequence analyses (MLSA) that include 82 genes...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432087/erratum-diabetic-retinopathy-a-position-statement-by-the-american-diabetes-association-diabetes-care-2017-40-412-418
#8
Sharon D Solomon, Emily Chew, Elia J Duh, Lucia Sobrin, Jennifer K Sun, Brian L VanderBeek, Charles C Wykoff, Thomas W Gardner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432050/prevalence-of-remission-and-its-effect-on-damage-and-quality-of-life-in-chinese-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#9
Chi Chiu Mok, Ling Yin Ho, Sau Mei Tse, Kar Li Chan
OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence of remission and its effect on damage and quality of life (QOL) in Chinese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Patients who fulfilled≥4 American College of Rheumatology criteria for SLE were identified. Their remission status at last clinic visits was determined by the European consensus criteria (complete/clinical remission ± immunosuppressive drugs). The increase in SLE damage index (SDI) in the preceding 5 years was compared between patients who were and were not in remission for ≥5 years...
April 21, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431967/family-centered-prevention-ameliorates-the-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-prediabetes-status-in-young-black-adults
#10
Gene H Brody, Tianyi Yu, Edith Chen, Gregory E Miller
Individuals exposed to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are vulnerable to various health problems later in life. This study was designed to determine whether participation in an efficacious program to enhance supportive parenting would ameliorate the association between ACEs and prediabetes status at age 25. Rural African American parents and their 11-year-old children (N=390) participated in the Strong African American Families (SAAF) program or a control condition. Each youth at age 25 provided a total ACEs score and a blood sample from which overnight fasting glucose was assayed...
April 18, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431908/implementation-of-a-person-centered-medical-care-model-in-a-skilled-nursing-facility-a-pilot-evaluation
#11
Kathleen Abrahamson, Jaclyn Myers, Arif Nazir
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and impact of implementing a person-centered medical care model for post-acute care residents within a skilled nursing facility (SNF). DESIGN: A mixed-method (qualitative and quantitative) pilot evaluation. SETTING: An 89-bed SNF located within a large midwestern city. PARTICIPANTS: Forty SNF post-acute patients admitted to the facility during a 6-month period were enrolled in the pilot evaluation...
April 18, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431867/whole-exome-sequencing-identification-of-novel-candidate-genes-in-patients-with-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy
#12
Cindy Ung, Angie V Sanchez, Lishuang Shen, Samaneh Davoudi, Tina Ahmadi, Daniel Navarro-Gomez, Ching J Chen, Heather Hancock, Alan Penman, Suzanne Hoadley, Mark Consugar, Carlos Restrepo, Vinay A Shah, Joseph F Arboleda-Velasquez, Lucia Sobrin, Xiaowu Gai, Leo A Kim
Rare or novel gene variants in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy may contribute to disease development. We performed whole exome sequencing (WES) on patients at the phenotypic extremes of diabetic retinal complications: 57 patients diagnosed with proliferativediabetic retinopathy (PDR) as cases and 13 patients with no diabetic retinopathy despite at least 10 years of type 2 diabetes as controls. Thirty-one out of the 57 cases and all 13 controls were from the African American Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy Study (AA)...
April 18, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431844/health-care-associated-infections-studies-project-an-american-journal-of-infection-control-and-national-healthcare-safety-network-data-quality-collaboration
#13
Henrietta Smith, Janet E Brooks, Denise Leaptrot, Katherine Allen-Bridson, Angela Anttila, Cindy Gross, Joan N Hebden, Georganne Ryan, Eileen Scalise, Marc-Oliver Wright
This case study is part of a series centered on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Healthcare Safety Network's (NHSN) health care-associated infection (HAI) surveillance definitions. The intent of the case study series is to foster standardized application of the NHSN's HAI surveillance definitions among infection preventionists and accurate determination of HAI events. This specific case study focuses on the definitions found within the surgical site infection (SSI) protocol. It aims to reflect the real life and complex patient scenario surrounding a bloodstream infection that is secondary to an SSI and the application of the Present at the Time of Surgery event detail...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431672/corrigendum-to-trends-in-opioid-prescriptions-among-part-d-medicare-recipients-from-2007-to-2012-the-american-journal-of-medicine-2016-129-221-e21-221-e30
#14
Yong-Fang Kuo, Mukaila A Raji, Nai-Wei Chen, Hunaid Hasan, James S Goodwin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431590/delays-in-door-to-needle-time-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-in-the-emergency-department-a-comprehensive-stroke-center-experience
#15
Ashkan Mowla, Jordan Doyle, Navdeep S Lail, Hamidreza Rajabzadeh-Oghaz, Christopher Deline, Peyman Shirani, Marilou Ching, Annemarie Crumlish, Deborah A Steck, David Janicke, Elad I Levy, Robert N Sawyer
BACKGROUND: Current American Stroke Association guidelines recommend initiating intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) within 60min of patient arrival, given the benefits of IVT for AIS are time dependent. This study aimed to identify the delaying factors in door-to-needle time (DTN) in the emergency department of one of the largest comprehensive stroke centers in New York State. We also recommended measures to reduce the delays. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical charts of all AIS patients who received IVT in our emergency department patients between April 1, 2012 and December 31, 2015 to identify those with a DTN time of >60min...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431416/caring-for-critically-injured-children-an-analysis-of-56-pediatric-damage-control-laparotomies
#16
Miguel A Villalobos, Joshua P Hazelton, Rachel L Choron, Lisa Capano-Wehrle, Krystal Hunter, John P Gaughan, Steven E Ross, Mark J Seamon
BACKGROUND: Injury is the leading cause of death in children under 18 years. Damage control principles have been extensively studied in adults but remain relatively unstudied in children. Our primary study objective was to evaluate the use of damage control laparotomy (DCL) in critically injured children. METHODS: An American College of Surgeons-verified Level 1 trauma center review (1996-2013) of pediatric trauma laparotomies was undertaken. Exclusion criteria included: age older than 18 years, laparotomy for abdominal compartment syndrome or delayed longer than 2 hours after admission...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431413/novel-oral-anticoagulants-and-trauma-the-results-of-a-prospective-american-association-for-the-surgery-of-trauma-multi-institutional-trial
#17
Leslie Kobayashi, Galinos Barmparas, Patrick Bosarge, Carlos V Brown, Marko Bukur, Matthew M Carrick, Richard D Catalano, Jan Holly-Nicolas, Kenji Inaba, Stephen Kaminski, Amanda L Klein, Tammy Kopelman, Eric J Ley, Ericca M Martinez, Forrest O Moore, Jason Murry, Raminder Nirula, Douglas Paul, Jacob Quick, Omar Rivera, Martin Schreiber, Raul Coimbra
BACKGROUND: The number of anticoagulated trauma patients is increasing. Trauma patients on warfarin have been found to have poor outcomes, particularly after intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). However, the effect of novel oral anticoagulants (NOAs) on trauma outcomes is unknown. We hypothesized that patients on NOAs would have higher rates of ICH, ICH progression, and death compared with patients on traditional anticoagulant and antiplatelet agents. METHODS: This was a prospective observational trial across 16 trauma centers...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431201/teaching-neuroanatomy-using-computer-aided-learning-what-makes-for-successful-outcomes
#18
Elena Svirko, Jane Mellanby
Computer-aided learning (CAL) is an integral part of many medical courses. The neuroscience course at Oxford University for medical students includes CAL course of neuroanatomy. CAL is particularly suited to this since neuroanatomy requires much detailed three-dimensional visualization, which can be presented on screen. The CAL course was evaluated using the concept of approach to learning. The aims of university teaching are congruent with the deep approach-seeking meaning and relating new information to previous knowledge-rather than to the surface approach of concentrating on rote learning of detail...
April 21, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431192/a-personal-connection-promoting-positive-attitudes-towards-teaching-and-learning
#19
Heidi L Lujan, Stephen E DiCarlo
Students' attitudes towards teaching and learning must be addressed with the same seriousness and effort as we address content. Establishing a personal connection and addressing our students' basic psychological needs will produce positive attitudes towards teaching and learning and develop life-long learners. It will also promote constructive student-teacher relationships that have a profound influence on our students' approach towards school. To begin this process, consider the major tenets of the Self-Determination Theory...
April 21, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431171/heritability-of-heart-rate-response-to-arousals-in-twins
#20
Xiaoling Gao, Ali Azarbarzin, Brendan T Keenan, Michele Ostrowski, Frances M Pack, Bethany Staley, Greg Maislin, Allan I Pack, Magdy Younes, Samuel T Kuna
Objectives: To determine if the large and highly reproducible inter-individual differences in arousal intensity and heart rate response to arousal (ΔHR) during non-REM sleep are heritable. Methods: Polysomnograms of 55 monozygotic (14 male and 41 female pairs) and 36 dizygotic (15 male and 21 female pairs) same-sex twin pairs were analyzed. Arousals were scored using the 2012 American Academy of Sleep Medicine criteria. Arousal intensity was scaled (between 0 and 9) using an automatic algorithm based on the change in EEG time and frequency characteristics...
April 18, 2017: Sleep
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