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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783259/classifications-of-temporomandibular-disorders-and-patients-examination-protocols-comparative-analysis-by-the-convenience-of-their-daily-use-in-clinical-practice
#1
Ulyana D Telishevska, Oksana D Telishevska
OBJECTIVE: Introduction:The problem of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is relevant in today's world and is considered one of the most common pathologies causing nonodontogenic pain syndromes of maxillofacial region. The morbidity of temporomandibular disorders is 27 to 76% among patients who seek dental care. There is now a significant number of classifications of TMD, however, clinically convenient, morphologically and pathogenetically substantiated classification of temporomandibular joint's (TMJ) conditions has not yet been developed...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783215/the-changes-of-some-bioregulators-and-gas-transmitters-in-patients-with-hypertonic-disease-under-the-influence-of-physical-loading
#2
Iryna S Dronyk, Ostap H Yavorsky, Olexandr Y Sklyarov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Nowadays arterial hypertension is supposed to be a pathogenetic factor of numerous cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and 18% cases of the preterm death. Due to the data of the American Heart Association in 77% of patients, who had stroke, the arterial pressure overexceeded 140/90 mm Hg. In Ukraine, according to the epidemiologic study more than 1/3 of the population have increased arterial pressure. One of the extremely important aspects of struggle with CVD is diagnosis and prevention of hypertonic disease...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783184/postoperative-outcomes-in-patients-with-a-do-not-resuscitate-dnr-order-undergoing-elective-procedures
#3
Ethan Y Brovman, Elisa C Walsh, Brittany N Burton, Christine E Kuo, Charlotta Lindvall, Rodney A Gabriel, Richard D Urman
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Do-not-resuscitate (DNR) status has been shown to be an independent risk factor for mortality in the post-operative period. Patients with DNR orders often undergo elective surgeries to alleviate symptoms and improve quality of life, but there are limited data on outcomes for informed decision making. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A multi-institutional setting including operating room, postoperative recovery area, inpatient wards, and the intensive care unit...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783181/autistic-traits-in-epilepsy-models-why-when-and-how
#4
REVIEW
Jana Velíšková, Jill L Silverman, Melissa Benson, Pierre-Pascal Lenck-Santini
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a common comorbidity of epilepsy and seizures and/or epileptiform activity are observed in a significant proportion of ASD patients. Current research also implies that autistic traits can be observed to a various degree in mice and rats with seizures. This suggests that there are shared mechanisms in both ASD and epilepsy syndromes. Here, we first review the standard, validated methods used to assess autistic traits in animal models as well as their limitations with regards to epilepsy models...
May 18, 2018: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783057/evaluation-of-water-relation-parameters-in-vitis-rootstocks-with-different-drought-tolerance-and-their-effects-on-growth-of-a-grafted-cultivar
#5
Gregorio Gullo, Antonio Dattola, Vincenzo Vonella, Rocco Zappia
Knowledge of root hydraulic resistance will allow us to better understand water relations arising in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. These are the basis for better control of plant behaviour in the current environmental context that is more and more affected by global warming and problems related to increased drought frequency and duration. The objectives of this study were to determine how the growth of a cultivar changes in response to the drought tolerance of the rootstock used in Vitis grown in a semi-arid area and how the root hydraulic resistivity and root hydraulic conductivity change with increased transpiration when adopting a rootstock with a different drought tolerance...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783039/the-influence-of-bone-cement-and-american-society-of-anesthesiologists-asa-class-on-cardiovascular-status-during-bipolar-hemiarthroplasty-for-displaced-femoral-neck-fracture-a-multicenter-prospective-case-control-study
#6
Shuichi Miyamoto, Junichi Nakamura, Satoshi Iida, Tomonori Shigemura, Shunji Kishida, Isao Abe, Munenori Takeshita, Makoto Otsuka, Yoshitada Harad, Sumihisa Orita, Seiji Ohtori
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how bone cement and American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification influence the cardiovascular system in elderly patients with femoral-neck fractures treated with cemented hemiarthroplasty. Therefore, we performed a case-control study to investigate these questions and compared the following: 1) ≥ASA III with ≤ASA II patients who underwent cemented hemiarthroplasty; 2) cemented with cementless hemiarthroplasty in ≥ASA III patients. HYPOTHESIS: ASA classification influences the cardiovascular system during cemented hemiarthroplasty and bone cement influences intraoperative blood pressure [IBP] in patients rated ≥ASA III...
May 18, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783031/a-unique-all-payer-rate-setting-system-controls-the-cost-but-not-the-racial-disparity-in-lower-extremity-revascularization-procedures
#7
Besma Nejim, Robert J Beaulieu, Husain Alshaikh, Mohammed Hamouda, Joseph Canner, Mahmoud B Malas
BACKGROUND: Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) often have high comorbidity burden that may complicate post-interventional course and drive increased healthcare expenditures. Racial disparity had been observed in lower extremity revascularization (LER) patterns and outcomes. In 2014, Maryland adopted an all-payer rate setting system to limit the rising hospitalization costs. This resulted in an aggregate payment system in which hospital compensation takes place as an overall per capita expenditure for hospital services...
May 18, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783021/a-hyper-diverse-genus-of-acanthocephalans-revealed-by-tree-based-and-non-tree-based-species-delimitation-methods-ten-cryptic-species-of-neoechinorhynchus-in-middle-american-freshwater-fishes
#8
Carlos Daniel Pinacho-Pinacho, Martín García-Varela, Ana L Sereno-Uribe, Gerardo Pérez-Ponce de León
The genus Neoechinorhynchus represents a hyper-diverse group of acanthocephalans, parasites of fresh and brackish water fish and freshwater turtles, with approximately 116 species described worldwide. Forty-nine species have been recorded in the Americas, nine of them in Middle America. Even though species delimitation methods using DNA sequences have been rarely used for parasitic helminths, the genetic library for species of Neoechinorhynchus has grown in the past few years, enhancing the possibility of using these methods for inferring evolutionary relationships and for establishing more robust species boundaries...
May 18, 2018: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782431/the-influence-of-3d-in-single-port-laparoscopy-surgery-an-experimental-study
#9
Jaime Vilaça, Mariana Leite, Jorge Correia-Pinto, Gerrit Högemann, Patrício Costa, Pedro Leão
The aim of this experimental study was to analyze the effect of 3-dimensional (3D) imaging in laparoendoscopic single-site surgery. End points were time, errors, and preference. Twenty-six participants were enrolled in the study, and these were divided into Beginners and Experts, in exercises either with a 2-dimensional or a 3D system. The 4 phantom exercises were chosen from the E-BLUS-European Training in Basic Laparoscopic Urological Skills from the American Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) system...
May 18, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782409/case-reports-and-consent-for-publishing-in-rheumatology-journals-a-latin-american-perspective
#10
Carlos Pineda, Hugo Sandoval
Case reports have a long-standing tradition in the current rheumatology literature. We aimed to present the main points of view regarding the importance, meaning, and barriers of consent for publishing under the comprehensive protection of patients' rights within this genre. We encourage Latin American editors and authors of rheumatology journals to adopt the best ethical practices in the field, avoiding security and legal liabilities from a regional perspective.
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782406/population-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-dexmedetomidine-in-children-undergoing-ambulatory-surgery
#11
María-Gabriela Pérez-Guillé, Alejandra Toledo-López, Liliana Rivera-Espinosa, Radames Alemon-Medina, Chiharu Murata, Ismael Lares-Asseff, Juan Luis Chávez-Pacheco, Josefina Gómez-Garduño, Ana-Lilia Zamora Gutiérrez, Claudia Orozco-Galicia, Karina Ramírez-Morales, Gustavo Lugo-Goytia
BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine (DEX) is an α-2 adrenergic agonist with sedative and analgesic properties. Although not approved for pediatric use by the Food and Drug Administration, DEX is increasingly used in pediatric anesthesia and critical care. However, very limited information is available regarding the pharmacokinetics of DEX in children. The aim of this study was to investigate DEX pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics (PK-PD) in Mexican children 2-18 years of age who were undergoing outpatient surgical procedures...
May 17, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782384/breastfeeding-uncovering-barriers-and-offering-solutions
#12
Stephanie Sayres, Lisa Visentin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months after an infant is born. Although the recommendations are well known, mothers face barriers that make breastfeeding difficult. This article reviews the recent literature on barriers to breastfeeding as well as strategies for pediatricians to use to help women overcome them. RECENT FINDINGS: The mode of delivery, mother's socioeconomic status, return to work, and prenatal breastfeeding education have been reported as factors that influence breastfeeding...
May 17, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782272/-duration-and-timing-of-initiation-of-therapy-with-platelet-p2y12-inhibitors-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#13
S V SHalaev, Z M Safiullina
In recent years, the issues of choice of an agent for dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) as well as timing of initiation and duration of DAPT in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) have been actively discussed. In this article we present data of major randomized trials of clopidogrel and novel P2Y12 inhibitors - prasugrel, ticagrelor, cangrelor - assessing strategy of administration of antiaggregants in patients with ACS before coronary angiography / percutaneous coronary intervention. The article also contains analysis of differences between recommendations of the European Society of Cardiology and American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association on therapy with oral P2Y12 inhibitors in the management of patients with ACS...
March 2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782058/familial-aggregation-of-major-depressive-disorder-in-an-african-american-community
#14
Eleanor Murphy, James E Gangwisch, Janet T Matsunaga, Ruth Ottman
BACKGROUND: African Americans (AAs) with major depressive disorder (MDD) experience more impairment and poorer treatment outcomes relative to Whites, yet are underrepresented in family studies of MDD. This is the first study to investigate the familial aggregation of major depression among AAs. METHODS: Participants' reports of depression from clinical and family history (FH) interviews were used to examine depression rates among 435 first-degree relatives and half-siblings of 63 depressed cases and 222 relatives of 33 nondepressed controls...
May 21, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781946/co-occurrence-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-cardiovascular-disease-among-ethnic-racial-groups-in-the-united-states
#15
Carmen Vidal, Ruth Polo, Kiara Alvarez, Irene Falgas-Bague, Ye Wang, Benjamin Lê Cook, Margarita Alegría
OBJECTIVE: Trauma and/or symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been linked to the onset of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the exact mechanism has not been determined. We examine if the risk of CVD is different among those who have a history of trauma without PTSD symptoms, those who have experienced trauma and developed any symptoms of PTSD, and those with a PTSD diagnosis. Furthermore, we examine whether this association varies across ethnic/racial groups. METHODS: We used two datasets that form part of the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES) - the National Latino and Asian American Study (NLAAS) and the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R)...
May 17, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781941/cardiopulmonary-demand-of-16-kg-kettlebell-snatches-in-simulated-girevoy-sport
#16
Margaux Chan, Martin J MacInnis, Sarah Koch, Kristin E MacLeod, Keith R Lohse, Maria E Gallo, A William Sheel, Michael S Koehle
Chan, M, MacInnis, MJ, Koch, S, MacLeod, KE, Lohse, KR, Gallo, ME, Sheel, AW, and Koehle, MS. Cardiopulmonary demand of 16-kg kettlebell snatches in simulated Girevoy Sport. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Kettlebell lifting has become popular both as a strength and conditioning training tool and as a sport in and of itself: Girevoy Sport (GS). Although several kettlebell multimovement protocols have been analyzed, little research has attempted to quantify the aerobic stimulus of the individual events in GS, which could better inform kettlebell-related exercise prescription...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781916/the-role-of-family-of-origin-in-current-lifestyle-choices-a-qualitative-secondary-data-analysis-of-interracial-and-same-race-couples
#17
Ana Laura Fonseca, Jill Koyama, Emily A Butler
Many Americans are in poor health. This is acute for racial/ethnic minorities compared with the Non-Hispanic white population. A grounded theory approach was used to analyze semistructured qualitative interviews to identify perceptions of family-of-origin lifestyle choices in same-race and interracial couples. Several central themes emerged from the data including influence of family-of-origin eating patterns, lack of family-of-origin importance for physical activity, and romantic partner influence in eating and exercise...
July 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781910/superior-baseplate-inclination-is-associated-with-instability-after-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#18
Robert Z Tashjian, Brook I Martin, Cassandra A Ricketts, Heath B Henninger, Erin K Granger, Peter N Chalmers
BACKGROUND: Instability is the most common complication after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA). In the native glenohumeral joint, in addition to full dislocations, more subtle forms of instability exist. However, the incidence of more subtle forms of instability, the factors associated with instability, and the effect of instability on validated outcome scores after rTSA remain poorly understood. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) After rTSA, what is the risk of instability, including more subtle forms of subjective instability? (2) What are the factors associated with instability? (3) Are more subtle forms of instability associated with lower American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) functional outcome scores than those patients without instability? METHODS: A total of 168 rTSAs were performed during the study period...
May 17, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781894/a-survey-of-american-psychiatrists-attitudes-toward-classic-hallucinogens
#19
Brian S Barnett, Willie O Siu, Harrison G Pope
Recent years have seen renewed interest and research about the use of hallucinogens as possible agents in the treatment of psychiatric disorders. However, we are unaware of studies assessing the current attitudes of American psychiatrists regarding hallucinogens. Therefore, we e-mailed surveys to 1000 members of the American Psychiatric Association-250 resident-fellows and 750 attending psychiatrists. The response rate was 32.4%. Respondents tended to perceive hallucinogens as potentially hazardous and appropriately illegal for recreational purposes...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781880/willingness-to-donate-organs-among-people-living-with-hiv
#20
Anh Q Nguyen, Saad K Anjum, Samantha E Halpern, Komal Kumar, Sarah E Van Pilsum Rasmussen, Brianna Doby, Ashton A Shaffer, Allan B Massie, Aaron A R Tobian, Dorry L Segev, Jeremy Sugarman, Christine M Durand
BACKGROUND: With passage of the HIV Organ Policy Equity (HOPE) Act, people living with HIV (PLWH) can donate organs to PLWH awaiting transplant. Understanding knowledge and attitudes regarding organ donation among PLWH in the US is critical to implementing the HOPE Act. METHODS: PLWH were surveyed regarding their knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about organ donation and transplantation at an urban academic HIV clinic in Baltimore, MD between 08/2016-10/2016. Responses were compared using Fisher's exact and chi-squared tests...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
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