keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Language development

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432867/examining-the-direct-and-indirect-effects-of-visual-verbal-paired-associate-learning-on-chinese-word-reading
#1
George Georgiou, Cuina Liu, Shiyang Xu
Associative learning, traditionally measured with paired associate learning (PAL) tasks, has been found to predict reading ability in several languages. However, it remains unclear whether it also predicts word reading in Chinese, which is known for its ambiguous print-sound correspondences, and whether its effects are direct or indirect through the effects of other reading-related skills such as phonological awareness and rapid naming. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the direct and indirect effects of visual-verbal PAL on word reading in an unselected sample of Chinese children followed from the second to the third kindergarten year...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432288/overexpression-of-human-nr2b-receptor-subunit-in-lman-causes-stuttering-and-song-sequence-changes-in-adult-zebra-finches
#2
Mukta Chakraborty, Liang-Fu Chen, Emma E Fridel, Marguerita E Klein, Rebecca A Senft, Abhra Sarkar, Erich D Jarvis
Zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata) learn to produce songs in a manner reminiscent of spoken language development in humans. One candidate gene implicated in influencing learning is the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subtype 2B glutamate receptor (NR2B). Consistent with this idea, NR2B levels are high in the song learning nucleus LMAN (lateral magnocellular nucleus of the anterior nidopallium) during juvenile vocal learning, and decreases to low levels in adults after learning is complete and the song becomes more stereotyped...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431552/strategies-to-improve-engagement-of-hard-to-reach-older-people-in-research-on-health-promotion-a-systematic-review
#3
Ann E M Liljas, Kate Walters, Ana Jovicic, Steve Iliffe, Jill Manthorpe, Claire Goodman, Kalpa Kharicha
BACKGROUND: This systematic review aimed to identify facilitators, barriers and strategies for engaging 'hard to reach' older people in research on health promotion; the oldest old (≥80 years), older people from black and minority ethnic groups (BME) and older people living in deprived areas. METHODS: Eight databases were searched to identify eligible studies using quantitative, qualitative, and mixed research methods. Using elements of narrative synthesis, engagement strategies, and reported facilitators and barriers were identified, tabulated and analysed thematically for each of the three groups of older people...
April 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431488/core-vocabulary-of-young-children-with-down-syndrome
#4
Stijn R J M Deckers, Yvonne Van Zaalen, Hans Van Balkom, Ludo Verhoeven
The aim of this study was to develop a core vocabulary list for young children with intellectual disabilities between 2 and 7 years of age because data from this population are lacking in core vocabulary literature. Children with Down syndrome are considered one of the most valid reference groups for researching developmental patterns in children with intellectual disabilities; therefore, spontaneous language samples of 30 Dutch children with Down syndrome were collected during three different activities with multiple communication partners (free play with parents, lunch- or snack-time at home or at school, and speech therapy sessions)...
June 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431458/reclaiming-our-spirits-development-and-pilot-testing-of-a-health-promotion-intervention-for-indigenous-women-who-have-experienced-intimate-partner-violence
#5
Colleen Varcoe, Annette J Browne, Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Madeleine Dion Stout, Holly McKenzie, Roberta Price, Victoria Bungay, Victoria Smye, Jane Inyallie, Linda Day, Koushambhi Khan, Angela Heino, Marilyn Merritt-Gray
Indigenous women are subjected to high rates of multiple forms of violence, including intimate partner violence (IPV), in the context of ongoing colonization and neo-colonization. Health promotion interventions for women who experience violence have not been tailored specifically for Indigenous women. Reclaiming Our Spirits (ROS) is a health promotion intervention designed for Indigenous women living in an urban context in Canada. In this paper, we describe the development of the intervention, results of a pilot study, and the revised subsequent intervention...
April 21, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430673/antimicrobial-resistant-streptococcus-pneumoniae-prevalence-mechanisms-and-clinical-implications
#6
Regine Cherazard, Marcia Epstein, Thien-Ly Doan, Tanzila Salim, Sheena Bharti, Miriam A Smith
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of pneumonia, meningitis, sepsis, bacteremia, and otitis media. S. pneumoniae has developed increased resistance to multiple classes of antibiotics. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic literature review of prevalence, mechanisms, and clinical implications in S. pneumoniae resistance. AREAS OF UNCERTAINTY: Since S. pneumoniae resistance to penicillin was first reported with subsequent development of resistance to other classes of drugs, selection of appropriate antibiotic treatment is challenging...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430531/phonological-development-of-danish-speaking-children-a-normative-cross-sectional-study
#7
Marit Carolin Clausen, Annette Fox-Boyer
Detailed knowledge about speech development in children acquiring different languages provides important information from a clinical and a theoretical perspective: First, it provides a baseline for the evaluation of whether a child shows typical, delayed or deviant speech development. Further, differences in speech development across languages can help to understand how the phonological systems of ambient languages affects children's speech acquisition. To date, little is known about Danish. It was suggested, however, that the acquisition process might be slower for Danish-speaking children due to the "blurry" sound structure of Danish...
April 21, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429816/a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-test-the-effect-of-promoting-caregiver-contingent-talk-on-language-development-in-infants-from-diverse-socioeconomic-status-backgrounds
#8
Michelle McGillion, Julian M Pine, Jane S Herbert, Danielle Matthews
BACKGROUND: Early language skills are critical for later academic success. Lower socioeconomic status (SES) children tend to start school with limited language skills compared to advantaged peers. We test the hypothesis that this is due in part to differences in caregiver contingent talk during infancy (how often the caregiver talks about what is in the focus of the infant's attention). METHODS: In a randomised controlled trial with high and low SES families, 142 11-month olds and their caregivers were randomly allocated to either a contingent talk intervention or a dental health control...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429391/technical-note-direct-measurement-of-continuous-tmr-data-with-a-1d-tank-and-automated-couch-movements
#9
Nels C Knutson, Matthew C Schmidt, Matthew D Belley, Ngoc Nguyen, H Harold Li, Erno Sajo, Michael Price
PURPOSE: Real-time dynamic control of the linear accelerator, couch, and imaging parameters during radiation delivery was investigated as a novel technique for acquiring tissue maximum ratio (TMR) data. METHODS: TrueBeam Developer Mode (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA) was used to control the linear accelerator using the Extensible Markup Language (XML). A single XML file was used to dynamically manipulate the machine, couch, and imaging parameters during radiation delivery...
April 21, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428642/-technology-and-prevention-in-the-era-of-mobile-health-applications-for-cancer-screening-programs
#10
Fabrizio Bert, Maria Rosaria Gualano, Salvatore Clemente, Giulia Villa, Roberta Siliquini
The Italian national health system provides screening to detect breast, colorecatal and cervical cancers, however, population adherence is not as high as expected. Smartphones and their applications (apps) could be used as a tool to communicate with the population and to help improve adherence. The aim of this study was to analyze the features and functions of smartphone applications aimed at secondary prevention of oncological diseases. In February 2016, we reviewed online app stores, using specific key-words, to search for available apps for cancer screening...
January 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428159/development-of-a-culturally-tailored-text-message-maternal-health-program-textmatch
#11
Rosie Dobson, Robyn Whittaker, Hannah Bartley, Augusta Connor, Ruyan Chen, Mairead Ross, Judith McCool
BACKGROUND: Mobile phones are increasingly being used to deliver health information and health services globally. Mobile health (mHealth) interventions may be well-suited for minority groups with greater barriers to accessing traditional health services. However, little has been written about the process of culturally adapting interventions for multiple ethnic and cultural minorities within a population. OBJECTIVE: This study describes the process of developing a culturally tailored text message-based maternal health program (TextMATCH: Text for MATernal and Child Health) for Māori, Pacific, Asian, and South Asian families living in New Zealand...
April 20, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428140/automated-annotation-and-classification-of-bi-rads-assessment-from-radiology-reports
#12
Sergio M Castro, Eugene Tseytlin, Olga Medvedeva, Kevin Mitchell, Shyam Visweswaran, Tanja Bekhuis, Rebecca S Jacobson
The Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) was developed to reduce variation in the descriptions of findings. Manual analysis of breast radiology report data is challenging but is necessary for clinical and healthcare quality assurance activities. The objective of this study is to develop a natural language processing (NLP) system for automated BI-RADS categories extraction from breast radiology reports. We evaluated an existing rule-based NLP algorithm, and then we developed and evaluated our own method using a supervised machine learning approach...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428122/challenges-in-the-management-of-chagas-disease-in-latin-american-migrants-in-europe
#13
REVIEW
B Monge-Maillo, R López-Vélez
 Chagas disease (CD) is endemic in Latin America. Due to migration, the infection has crossed borders and it is estimated that 68 000-120 000 people with CD are currently living in Europe and 30% of them may develop visceral involvement. However, up to 90% of CD cases in Europe remain undiagnosed. The challenges which have to be overcome in CD are related to screening, diagnostic tools and therapeutic management in non-endemic countries. AIMS : The aim of this review is to highlight how healthcare management for Latin American migrants with CD in Europe may be improved...
April 17, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427728/with-a-little-help-from-my-child-a-dyad-approach-to-immigrant-mothers-and-adolescents-socio-cultural-adaptation
#14
Peter F Titzmann, Burkhard Gniewosz
Intergenerational adjustment theories suggest that immigrant adolescents may be particularly influential in their families, as they take on family obligations and serve as language brokers. Empirical research in this regard is, however, scarce. One aim of this study was to test whether adolescents' linguistic competence in German adds to the explanation of maternal socio-cultural adaptation difficulties in Germany. Another aim was to investigate whether the association between adolescents' linguistic competence and maternal socio-cultural adaptation difficulties differs depending on adolescents' involvement in family obligations...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427388/movement-cognition-and-narration-of-the-emotions-treatment-versus-standard-speech-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-children-with-borderline-intellectual-functioning-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
V Blasi, G Baglio, F Baglio, M P Canevini, M Zanette
BACKGROUND: Borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) is defined as a "health meta-condition… characterized by various cognitive dysfunctions associated with an intellectual quotient (IQ) between 71 and 85 which determines a deficit in the individual's functioning both in the restriction of activities and in the limitation of social participation". It can be caused by many factors, including a disadvantaged background and prematurity. BIF affects 7-12% of primary school children that show academic difficulties due to poor executive functioning...
April 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426949/agarra-agarran-evidence-of-early-comprehension-of-subject-verb-agreement-in-spanish
#16
Nayeli Gonzalez-Gomez, Lisa Hsin, Isabelle Barrière, Thierry Nazzi, Géraldine Legendre
Studies across many languages (e.g., Dutch, English, Farsi, Spanish, Xhosa) have failed to show early acquisition of subject-verb (SV) agreement, whereas recent studies on French reveal acquisition by 30months of age. Using a similar procedure as in previous French studies, the current study evaluated whether earlier comprehension of SV agreement in (Mexican) Spanish can be revealed when task demands are lowered. Two experiments using a touch-screen pointing task tested comprehension of SV agreement by monolingual Spanish-speaking children growing up in Mexico City between about 3 and 5years of age...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426947/structural-neuroplasticity-of-the-superior-temporal-plane-in-early-and-late-blindness
#17
Hicret Atilgan, Olivier Collignon, Uri Hasson
Blindness is associated with well-documented changes to the morphometry and function of the occipital cortex. By comparison, its impact on the perisylvian regions in the superior temporal plane (STP) is poorly understood, with many studies reporting null findings on this issue. Here we re-approach this question using a morphometric analysis that relied on fine-scale, manual annotation of 13 sub-regions within the STP and that quantified both univariate and multivariate differences in morphometry. We applied these analyses to both cortical thickness (CT) and surface area (SA) data from congenitally and late blind, as compared to two matched sighted control groups...
April 17, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425776/development-of-the-aboriginal-communication-assessment-after-brain-injury-acaabi-a-screening-tool-for-identifying-acquired-communication-disorders-in-aboriginal-australians
#18
Elizabeth M Armstrong, Natalie Ciccone, Deborah Hersh, Judith Katzenellebogen, Juli Coffin, Sandra Thompson, Leon Flicker, Colleen Hayward, Deborah Woods, Meaghan McAllister
PURPOSE: Acquired communication disorders (ACD), following stroke and traumatic brain injury, may not be correctly identified in Aboriginal Australians due to a lack of linguistically and culturally appropriate assessment tools. Within this paper we explore key issues that were considered in the development of the Aboriginal Communication Assessment After Brain Injury (ACAABI) - a screening tool designed to assess the presence of ACD in Aboriginal populations. METHOD: A literature review and consultation with key stakeholders were undertaken to explore directions needed to develop a new tool, based on existing tools and recommendations for future developments...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425762/the-evaluation-of-bulbar-dysfunction-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-survey-of-clinical-practice-patterns-in-the-united-states
#19
Emily K Plowman, Lauren C Tabor, James Wymer, Gary Pattee
OBJECTIVE: Speech and swallowing impairments are highly prevalent in individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and contribute to reduced quality of life, malnutrition, aspiration, pneumonia and death. Established practice parameters for bulbar dysfunction in ALS do not currently exist. The aim of this study was to identify current practice patterns for the evaluation of speech and swallowing function within participating Northeast ALS clinics in the United States. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 15-item survey was emailed to all registered NEALS centres...
April 20, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425194/unlocking-the-limitations-living-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-receiving-care-through-telemedicine-a-phenomenological-study
#20
Tina Lien Barken, Elin Thygesen, Ulrika Söderhamn
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the lived experiences of quality of life among a group of patients living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who were included in a telemedical intervention after hospitalization for disease exacerbation. BACKGROUND: Patients with COPD have high symptom burden, poor control of symptoms, and a need for greater requirements in care. Telemedicine (TM) can provide benefits for patients with COPD by improving self-management...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
keyword
keyword
20255
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"