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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144222/child-language-and-parenting-antecedents-and-externalizing-outcomes-of-emotion-regulation-pathways-across-early-childhood-a-person-centered-approach
#1
Jason José Bendezú, Pamela M Cole, Patricia Z Tan, Laura Marie Armstrong, Elizabeth B Reitz, Rachel M Wolf
Decreases in children's anger reactivity because of the onset of their autonomous use of strategies characterizes the prevailing model of the development of emotion regulation in early childhood (Kopp, 1989). There is, however, limited evidence of the varied pathways that mark this development and their proposed antecedents and consequences. This study used a person-centered approach to identify such pathways, antecedents, and outcomes. A sample of 120 children from economically strained rural and semirural households were observed while waiting to open a gift at ages 24, 36, and 48 months...
November 16, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143627/conceptualizing-pathways-linking-women-s-empowerment-and-prematurity-in-developing-countries
#2
Patience A Afulani, Molly Altman, Joseph Musana, May Sudhinaraset
BACKGROUND: Globally, prematurity is the leading cause of death in children under the age of 5. Many efforts have focused on clinical approaches to improve the survival of premature babies. There is a need, however, to explore psychosocial, sociocultural, economic, and other factors as potential mechanisms to reduce the burden of prematurity. Women's empowerment may be a catalyst for moving the needle in this direction. The goal of this paper is to examine links between women's empowerment and prematurity in developing settings...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143564/advancing-the-human-rights-of-children-with-communication-needs-in-school
#3
Aoife L Gallagher, Haley Tancredi, Linda J Graham
Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression. However, due to difficulties in communicating, children with speech, language and communication needs (SLCN) are at particular risk of not being heard. Although it is recommended that children with SLCN can and should be actively involved as equal partners in decision-making about their communication needs, speech-language pathologists (SLPs) can lose sight of the importance of supporting communication as a tool for the child to shape and influence choices available to them in their lives...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143561/beyond-lip-service-towards-human-rights-driven-our-speech-language-pathology-guidelines-for-south-african-speech-language-pathologists
#4
Michelle Pascoe, Daleen Klop, Thandeka Mdlalo, Mikateko Ndhambi
Developed with a strong awareness of past injustices, South Africa's progressive constitution emphasises a full spectrum of human rights. While the constitution celebrates many languages and cultures, speech-language pathologists (SLPs) face challenges in translating these values into practice with a diverse clientele. Similarly, Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights focuses on freedom of expression in one's language of choice, but is often perceived as a "Cinderella" right (i.e. one that is frequently neglected)...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143266/-measuring-physical-literacy-and-related-constructs-a-systematic-review-of-empirical-findings
#5
REVIEW
Lowri C Edwards, Anna S Bryant, Richard J Keegan, Kevin Morgan, Stephen-Mark Cooper, Anwen M Jones
BACKGROUND: The concept of physical literacy has received increased research and international attention recently. Where intervention programs and empirical research are gaining momentum, their operationalizations differ significantly. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to inform practice in the measure/assessment of physical literacy via a systematic review of research that has assessed physical literacy (up to 14 June, 2017). METHODS: Five databases were searched using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses for Protocols guidelines, with 32 published articles meeting the inclusion criteria...
November 15, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143155/language-and-social-emotional-and-behavioural-wellbeing-from-4-to-7%C3%A2-years-a-community-based-study
#6
Penny Levickis, Emma Sciberras, Cristina McKean, Laura Conway, Angela Pezic, Fiona K Mensah, Edith L Bavin, Lesley Bretherton, Patricia Eadie, Margot Prior, Sheena Reilly
Language disorder (LD) and social-emotional and behavioural (SEB) difficulties are common childhood problems that often co-occur. While there is clear evidence of these associations from clinical samples, less is known about community samples. This paper examines these associations in children aged 4-7 years from a community-based longitudinal study. 771 families provided questionnaire and assessment data at 4, 5 and 7 years. Parent-reported SEB difficulties were measured at each point (SDQ). Child language was directly assessed at 4 (CELF-P2), 5 and 7 years (CELF-4)...
November 15, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143061/the-origins-of-verb-learning-preverbal-and-postverbal-infants-learning-of-word-action-relations
#7
Lakshmi Gogate, Madhavilatha Maganti
Purpose: This experiment examined English- or Spanish-learning preverbal (8-9 months, n = 32) and postverbal (12-14 months, n = 40) infants' learning of word-action pairings prior to and after the transition to verb comprehension and its relation to naturally learned vocabulary. Method: Infants of both verbal levels were first habituated to 2 dynamic video displays of novel word-action pairings, the words /wem/ or /bæf/, spoken synchronously with an adult shaking or looming an object, and tested with interchanged (switched) versus same word-action pairings...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142650/early-childhood-development-and-iranian-parents-knowledge-a-qualitative-study
#8
Elham Habibi, Firouzeh Sajedi, Hosein Malek Afzali, Nikta Hatamizadeh, Soheila Shahshahanipour, Frances Page Glascoe
Background: Early childhood is the most important step throughout the lifespan and it is a critical period continuing to the end of 8-year-old. Mothers' knowledge is one of the important aspects of child development. The goals of this study were to determine the situation of knowledge in Iranian parents about the concept and the importance of early childhood development (ECD) and determining the sources of parental knowledge about ECD from the perspective of parents and grandparents. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted based on the directional content analysis in 2016...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141808/what-should-a-person-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-know-focus-group-and-survey-data-of-a-risk-knowledge-questionnaire-rikno-2-0
#9
C Heesen, J Pöttgen, A C Rahn, K Liethmann, J Kasper, L Vahter, J Drulovic, A Van Nunen, D Wilkie, Y Beckmann, F Paul, S Köpke, A Giordano, A Solari
BACKGROUND: Risk knowledge is relevant to make informed decisions in multiple sclerosis (MS). The risk knowledge questionnaire for relapsing-remitting MS (RIKNO 1.0) was developed and piloted in Germany. OBJECTIVE: To produce a revised RIKNO 2.0 questionnaire using mixed methodology in a European setting. METHODS: The questionnaire was translated in seven languages. MS patient and health professional (HP) expert feedback was obtained from Germany, Italy, Estonia, Serbia, and the UK...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141692/the-marketing-plan-and-outcome-indicators-for-recruiting-and-retaining-parents-in-the-homestyles-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Colleen Delaney, Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Mallory Koenings, Virginia Quick
BACKGROUND: Despite the critical importance of successful recruitment and retention to study integrity, reporting of recruitment and retention strategies along with factors associated with successful recruitment and retention of participants in health-related interventions remain rare, especially for health and obesity prevention programs. Thus, the purpose of this article is to retrospectively examine the recruitment and retention marketing plan used in the online HomeStyles randomized controlled trial (RCT) and discuss outcomes associated with completion of the intervention...
November 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141649/number-and-type-of-guideline-implementation-tools-varies-by-guideline-clinical-condition-country-of-origin-and-type-of-developer-organization-content-analysis-of-guidelines
#11
Laurel Liang, Jhoni Abi Safi, Anna R Gagliardi
BACKGROUND: Guideline implementation tools (GI tools) can improve clinician behavior and patient outcomes. Analyses of guidelines published before 2010 found that many did not offer GI tools. Since 2010 standards, frameworks and instructions for GI tools have emerged. This study analyzed the number and types of GI tools offered by guidelines published in 2010 or later. METHODS: Content analysis and a published GI tool framework were used to categorize GI tools by condition, country, and type of organization...
November 15, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141600/quantifying-the-need-for-enhanced-case-management-for-tb-patients-as-part-of-tb-cohort-audit-in-the-north-west-of-england-a-descriptive-study
#12
Angela Tucker, Jeniffer Mithoo, Paul Cleary, Mark Woodhead, Peter MacPherson, Tom Wingfield, Stefanie Davies, Carolyn Wake, Paddy McMaster, S Bertel Squire
BACKGROUND: Patients with TB have diverse and often challenging clinical and social needs that may hamper successful treatment outcomes. Understanding the need for additional support during treatment (enhanced case management, or ECM) is important for workforce capacity planning. North West England TB Cohort Audit (TBCA) has introduced a 4-level ECM classification system (ECM 0-3) to quantify the need for ECM in the region. This study describes the data from the first 2 years of ECM classification...
November 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140430/the-european-society-for-medical-oncology-esmo-precision-medicine-glossary
#13
L R Yates, J Seoane, C Le Tourneau, L L Siu, R Marais, S Michiels, J C Soria, P Campbell, N Normanno, A Scarpa, J S Reis-Filho, J Rodon, C Swanton, F Andre
Background: Precision medicine is rapidly evolving within the field of oncology and has brought many new concepts and terminologies that are often poorly defined when first introduced, which may subsequently lead to miscommunication within the oncology community. The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) recognises these challenges and is committed to support the adoption of precision medicine in oncology. To add clarity to the language used by oncologists and basic scientists within the context of precision medicine, the ESMO Translational Research and Personalised Medicine Working Group has developed a standardised glossary of relevant terms...
November 13, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138874/using-il-6-concentrations-in-the-first-24%C3%A2-h-following-trauma-to-predict-immunological-complications-and-mortality-in-trauma-patients-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Zhi Qiao, Weikang Wang, Luxu Yin, Peng Luo, Johannes Greven, Klemens Horst, Frank Hildebrand
PURPOSE: In previous studies, interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been shown to have a high predictive value for the development of complications and mortality after trauma; however, there is some uncertainty around these results. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the value of early IL-6 levels (within the first 24 h after trauma) for predicting post-traumatic complications [acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), sepsis, multiple organ failure (MOF), and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS)] and mortality...
November 14, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138204/health-literacy-in-italy-a-cross-sectional-study-protocol-to-assess-the-health-literacy-level-in-a-population-based-sample-and-to-validate-health-literacy-measures-in-the-italian-language
#15
Chiara Lorini, Francesca Santomauro, Maddalena Grazzini, Sarah Mantwill, Virginia Vettori, Vieri Lastrucci, Angela Bechini, Sara Boccalini, Alessandro Bussotti, Guglielmo Bonaccorsi
INTRODUCTION: Health literacy (HL) concerns the knowledge and competences necessary for people to meet complex health demands. The aims of this study are to assess the level of HL in a sample using the Italian version of the Newest Vital Sign and the association of HL and selected antecedents with health outcomes, and to develop and validate the Italian version of the three Brief Health Literacy Screeners, two subjective numeracy items and the short form and the short-short form of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138195/current-status-of-postnatal-depression-smartphone-applications-available-on-application-stores-an-information-quality-analysis
#16
Melvyn Wb Zhang, Roger Cm Ho, Alvona Loh, Tracey Wing, Olivia Wynne, Sally Wai Chi Chan, Josip Car, Daniel Shuen Sheng Fung
OBJECTIVES: It is the aim of the current research to identify some common functionalities of postnatal application, and to determine the quality of the information content of postnatal depression application using validated scales that have been applied for applications in other specialties. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: To determine the information quality of the postnatal depression smartphone applications, the two most widely used smartphone application stores, namely Apple iTunes as well as Google Android Play store, were searched between 20May and 31 May...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137935/prostatic-adenocarcinoma-in-the-setting-of-persistent-m%C3%A3-llerian-duct-syndrome-a-case-report
#17
Zulfia McCroskey, Tracie M Koen, David J Lim, Mukul K Divatia, Steven S Shen, Alberto G Ayala, Jae Y Ro
Persistent Müllerian Duct Syndrome (PMDS) is a form of disordered sex development in which rudimentary Müllerian structures are identified in phenotypically and genotypically normal males. It is caused by defects in the anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) system. Since patients with PMDS present with undescended testes, testosterone production by Leydig cells later in life is often decreased. The role of androgens in prostate cancerogenesis is well known. Cryptorchid testes and diminished testosterone levels in post pubertal life in patients with PMDS play a protective role against prostate cancer, and hence, prostate cancer is a rare event in patients with PMDS...
November 11, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137507/nationwide-mortality-studies-to-quantify-causes-of-death-relevant-lessons-from-india-s-million-death-study
#18
Mireille Gomes, Rehana Begum, Prabha Sati, Rajesh Dikshit, Prakash C Gupta, Rajesh Kumar, Jay Sheth, Asad Habib, Prabhat Jha
Progress toward the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goals requires improved information on mortality and causes of death. However, causes of many of the fifty million annual deaths in low- and middle-income countries remain unknown, as most of the deaths occur at home without medical attention. In 2001 India began the Million Death Study in 1.3 million nationally representative households. Nonmedical staff conduct verbal autopsies, which are structured interviews including a half-page narrative in local language of the family's story of the symptoms and events leading to death...
November 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135750/student-and-educator-experiences-of-maternal-child-simulation-based-learning-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#19
Karen MacKinnon, Lenora Marcellus, Julie Rivers, Carol Gordon, Maureen Ryan, Diane Butcher
BACKGROUND: Although maternal-child care is a pillar of primary health care, there is a global shortage of maternal-child health care providers. Nurse educators experience difficulties providing undergraduate students with maternal-child learning experiences for a number of reasons. Simulation has the potential to complement learning in clinical and classroom settings. Although systematic reviews of simulation are available, no systematic reviews of qualitative evidence related to maternal-child simulation-based learning (SBL) for undergraduate nursing students and/or educators have been located...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134124/the-design-and-implementation-of-the-software-tracking-cervical-and-lumbar-vertebrae-in-spinal-fluoroscopy-images
#20
Behrouz Alizadeh Savareh, Yousef Sadat, Azadeh Bashiri, Mehraban Shahi, Nasrin Davaridolatabadi
Aim: Manual analysis of neck kinematics is usually associated with measurement errors and it requires the use of software capabilities. Considering laboratory usage, software has been developed to solve the associated problems. Materials & methods: Fluoroscopic images taken from 78 women were used to design and evaluate the performance of the software. The software was implemented using C# language, according to the case-based reasoning technique. Results: The viewpoints of experts suggest accuracy of the software in tracking and calculations, which meets their information requirements...
November 2017: Future Science OA
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