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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944936/smoking-cessation-in-workplace-settings-quit-rates-and-determinants-in-a-group-behaviour-therapy-programme
#1
Yann Hausherr, Carlos Quinto, Leticia Grize, Christian Schindler, Nicole Probst-Hensch
INTRODUCTION: To capitalise on the opportunities that the smoking ban legislation in Switzerland offers for the prevention of tobacco-related diseases, a smoking cessation programme in a workplace setting was developed and implemented in companies across the language and cultural regions of Switzerland. Our goal was to identify factors associated with relapse into smoking that may be overcome during training sessions or that should be considered for the optimisation of future interventions...
September 25, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944603/the-effect-of-side-of-implantation-on-unilateral-cochlear-implant-performance-in-patients-with-prelingual-and-postlingual-sensorineural-hearing-loss-a-systematic-review
#2
Véronique J C Kraaijenga, Tyche C Derksen, Inge Stegeman, Adriana L Smit
OBJECTIVE: Cerebral lateralization of language processing leads to a right ear advantage in normal hearing subjects. The aim of this study was to present a systematic overview of the effect of implantation side on postoperative cochlear implant performance in patients with symmetrical severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase and The Cochrane Library databases. RESEARCH METHODS: Databases were searched from database inception up to January 9(th) 2017 for cochlear implant and side and all synonyms...
September 25, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944292/early-head-start-pediatric-dental-use-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#3
J M Burgette, J S Preisser, M Weinberger, R S King, R G Rozier
The objective of the study was to examine the mediating effect of child dental use on the effectiveness of North Carolina Early Head Start (EHS) in improving oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). In total, 479 parents of children enrolled in EHS and 699 parents of Medicaid-matched children were interviewed at baseline when children were approximately 10 mo old and 24 mo later. In this quasi-experimental study, mediation analysis was performed using the counterfactual framework analysis, which employed 2 logit models with random effects: 1) for the mediator as a function of the treatment and covariates and 2) for the outcome as a function of the treatment, mediator, and covariates...
October 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943715/methods-for-eliciting-annotating-and-analyzing-databases-for-child-speech-development
#4
Mary E Beckman, Andrew R Plummer, Benjamin Munson, Patrick F Reidy
Methods from automatic speech recognition (ASR), such as segmentation and forced alignment, have facilitated the rapid annotation and analysis of very large adult speech databases and databases of caregiver-infant interaction, enabling advances in speech science that were unimaginable just a few decades ago. This paper centers on two main problems that must be addressed in order to have analogous resources for developing and exploiting databases of young children's speech. The first problem is to understand and appreciate the differences between adult and child speech that cause ASR models developed for adult speech to fail when applied to child speech...
September 2017: Computer Speech & Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943073/the-reliability-and-validity-of-a-venezuelan-version-of-the-bath-ankylosing-spondylitis-functional-index-basfi-and-bath-ankylosing-spondylitis-disease-activity-index-basdai
#5
Mayra Rauseo Vera, Luis Arturo Gutiérrez-González, Irama Maldonado, Soham Al Snih
INTRODUCTION: Spondyloarthropathies (SpA) are disabling diseases with a prevalence of 1.9% in the general population. The indices designed for monitoring the disease should be valid, reliable and cross-culturally adapted for decision-making concerning the appropriate treatment. Changing an adjective or pronoun in a self-administered questionnaire could be the big difference in condensing an idea in a few words and transmitting that concept to all those who share the same language. OBJECTIVES: To develop a Venezuelan version of the original English version of the BASDAI/BASFI and to evaluate its reliability and validity in Venezuelan patients with SpA...
September 21, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942767/measuring-the-effect-of-soil-transmitted-helminth-infections-on-cognitive-function-in-children-systematic-review-and-critical-appraisal-of-evidence
#6
Kei Owada, Mark Nielsen, Colleen L Lau, Archie C A Clements, Laith Yakob, Ricardo J Soares Magalhães
Recently the role of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections in children's cognitive developmental impairment has been under scrutiny. We conducted a systematic review of the evidence for associations between STH infections and cognitive function of children using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses protocol. We aimed to identify the domains of cognitive function in three age strata (<24months, 24-59months and ≥60months) and critically appraise the general design protocol of the studies, with a focus on the cognitive function measurement tools used...
2017: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942349/metaphorical-interpretations-of-the-educator-student-relationship-an-innovation-in-nursing-educational-research
#7
Zenobia C Y Chan, Wai Tong Chien, Saras Henderson
Previous research has shown that collecting and analysing metaphors is a useful strategy in seeking data that are difficult to collect via verbal interviews or that cannot be represented by statistics. This study explored nursing students' perceptions of the educator-student relationship using metaphorical interpretation. A qualitative study with a personal essay approach was adopted. A total of 124 students were recruited from a nursing school in Hong Kong. A personal essay form was distributed to the participants...
September 18, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942139/computer-technologies-to-integrate-medical-treatments-to-manage-multimorbidity
#8
REVIEW
David Riaño, Wilfrido Ortega
The high prevalence of multimorbid cases is a challenge for Health-Care Systems today. Clinical practice guidelines are the means to register and transmit the available evidence-based medical knowledge concerning concrete diseases. Several computer languages have been defined to represent this knowledge in a way that computers could use to help physicians in the daily practice of medicine. The generation of guidelines for all possible multimorbidities entails several issues that are difficult to address. Consequently, numerous medical informatics technologies have appeared merging computer information structures in a way that the treatment knowledge about single diseases could be combined in order to deliver health-care to patients suffering from multimorbidity...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940674/the-built-environment-and-older-adults-a-literature-review-and-an-applied-approach-to-engaging-older-adults-in-built-environment-improvements-for-health
#9
Anthony G Tuckett, Ann W Banchoff, Sandra J Winter, Abby C King
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper presents a review of the literature about the built environment as it impacts the health of older people. It then introduces the gerontological nurse and researcher to the Our Voice framework for engaging older people as citizen scientists in order to empower them as agents of change in improving their local built environment and ultimately advancing community health. BACKGROUND: Community-level strategies to promote successful ageing in place are critical both to optimising health outcomes and containing healthcare costs...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940450/national-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-allergen-immunotherapy-an-international-assessment-applying-agree-ii
#10
D E S Larenas-Linnemann, D Antolín-Amérigo, C Parisi, A Nakonechna, J A Luna-Pech, B Wedi, I Davila, M Gómez, M Levin, J A Ortega-Martell, L Klimek, N Rosario, A M Muraro, I Agache, J Bousquet, A Sheikh, O Pfaar
BACKGROUND: Since 1988 numerous allergen immunotherapy guidelines (AIT-GLs) have been developed by national and international organizations to guide physicians in AIT. Even so, AIT is still severely under-used. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate AIT-GLs with AGREE-II, developed in 2010 by McMaster University methodologists to comprehensively evaluate GL-quality. METHODS: Allergist, from different continents, knowledgeable in AIT and AGREE-II trained were selected into the project team...
September 21, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940045/a-neuronal-retuning-hypothesis-of-sentence-specificity-in-broca-s-area
#11
REVIEW
William G Matchin
It is clear that the left inferior frontal gyrus (LIFG) contributes in some fashion to sentence processing. While neuroimaging and neuropsychological evidence support a domain-general working memory function, recent neuroimaging data show that particular subregions of the LIFG, particularly the pars triangularis (pTri), show selective activation for sentences relative to verbal working memory and cognitive control tasks. These data suggest a language-specific function rather than a domain-general one. To resolve this apparent conflict, I propose separating claims of domain-generality and specificity independently for computations and representations-a given brain region may respond to a specific representation while performing a general computation over that representation, one shared with other systems...
September 22, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939535/reading-difficulties-and-the-pediatric-ophthalmologist
#12
EDITORIAL
Sheryl M Handler, Walter M Fierson
Approximately 20% of children have dyslexia, a language-based reading disability. A variation in language processing in the brain leads to a deficit in phonological (auditory) processing, which leads to problems in learning to read, write, and spell. Myths continue to exist regarding dyslexia and vision, and although eye and vision problems may coexist with dyslexia, they are not more prevalent than in the general population. Rarely vision problems may make reading at near very difficult and may masquerade as a learning problem or attention deficit disorder/attention deficit hyperactivity disorder...
September 19, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939291/scalp-hypothermia-for-preventing-alopecia-during-chemotherapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
Hope S Rugo, Jeffrey Voigt
BACKGROUND: Alopecia is a side effect of chemotherapy and affects a patient's quality of life. Cooling the scalp during chemotherapy might reduce alopecia. The objective of this systematic and meta-analysis was to examine the effects of scalp cooling on the end point of alopecia in randomized controlled trials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed. Electronic searches of databases were undertaken through February 2017...
August 10, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938868/start-a-system-for-flexible-analysis-of-hundreds-of-genomic-signal-tracks-in-few-lines-of-sql-like-queries
#14
Xinjie Zhu, Qiang Zhang, Eric Dun Ho, Ken Hung-On Yu, Chris Liu, Tim H Huang, Alfred Sze-Lok Cheng, Ben Kao, Eric Lo, Kevin Y Yip
BACKGROUND: A genomic signal track is a set of genomic intervals associated with values of various types, such as measurements from high-throughput experiments. Analysis of signal tracks requires complex computational methods, which often make the analysts focus too much on the detailed computational steps rather than on their biological questions. RESULTS: Here we propose Signal Track Query Language (STQL) for simple analysis of signal tracks. It is a Structured Query Language (SQL)-like declarative language, which means one only specifies what computations need to be done but not how these computations are to be carried out...
September 22, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938030/wound-healing-complications-following-guided-bone-regeneration-for-ridge-augmentation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Glendale Lim, Guo-Hao Lin, Alberto Monje, Hsun-Liang Chan, Hom-Lay Wang
PURPOSE: The rate of developing soft tissue complications that accompany guided bone regeneration (GBR) procedures varies widely, from 0% to 45%. The present review was conducted to investigate the rate for resorbable versus nonresorbable membranes and the timing of soft tissue complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic and manual literature searches were conducted by two independent reviewers using several databases, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register, for articles published through July 2015, with no language restriction...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937644/american-sign-language-alphabet-recognition-using-a-neuromorphic-sensor-and-an-artificial-neural-network
#16
Miguel Rivera-Acosta, Susana Ortega-Cisneros, Jorge Rivera, Federico Sandoval-Ibarra
This paper reports the design and analysis of an American Sign Language (ASL) alphabet translation system implemented in hardware using a Field-Programmable Gate Array. The system process consists of three stages, the first being the communication with the neuromorphic camera (also called Dynamic Vision Sensor, DVS) sensor using the Universal Serial Bus protocol. The feature extraction of the events generated by the DVS is the second part of the process, consisting of a presentation of the digital image processing algorithms developed in software, which aim to reduce redundant information and prepare the data for the third stage...
September 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937346/deep-brain-stimulation-authenticity-and-value
#17
Jonathan Pugh, Hannah Maslen, Julian Savulescu
Deep brain stimulation has been of considerable interest to bioethicists, in large part because of the effects that the intervention can occasionally have on central features of the recipient's personality. These effects raise questions regarding the philosophical concept of authenticity. In this article, we expand on our earlier work on the concept of authenticity in the context of deep brain stimulation by developing a diachronic, value-based account of authenticity. Our account draws on both existentialist and essentialist approaches to authenticity, and Laura Waddell Ekstrom's coherentist approach to personal autonomy...
October 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937305/core-vocabulary-in-the-narratives-of-bilingual-children-with-and-without-language-impairment
#18
Prarthana Shivabasappa, Elizabeth D Peña, Lisa M Bedore
PURPOSE: Children with primary language impairment (PLI) demonstrate deficits in morphosyntax and vocabulary. We studied how these deficits may manifest in the core vocabulary use of bilingual children with PLI. METHOD: Thirty bilingual children with and without PLI who were matched pairwise (experimental group) narrated two Spanish and two English stories in kindergarten and first grade. Core vocabulary was derived from the 30 most frequently used words in the stories of 65 and 37 typically developing (TD) first graders (normative group) for Spanish and English, respectively...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937300/infants-processing-of-prosodic-cues-electrophysiological-evidence-for-boundary-perception-beyond-pause-detection
#19
Julia Holzgrefe-Lang, Caroline Wellmann, Barbara Höhle, Isabell Wartenburger
Infants as young as six months are sensitive to prosodic phrase boundaries marked by three acoustic cues: pitch change, final lengthening, and pause. Behavioral studies suggest that a language-specific weighting of these cues develops during the first year of life; recent work on German revealed that eight-month-olds, unlike six-month-olds, are capable of perceiving a prosodic boundary on the basis of pitch change and final lengthening only. The present study uses Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) to investigate the neuro-cognitive development of prosodic cue perception in German-learning infants...
September 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937032/development-and-standardization-of-a-new-cognitive-assessment-test-battery-for-chinese-aphasic-patients-a-preliminary-study
#20
Ji-Bao Wu, Zhi-Hong Lyu, Xiao-Jia Liu, Hai-Peng Li, Qi Wang
BACKGROUND: Nonlinguistic cognitive impairment has become an important issue for aphasic patients, but currently there are few neuropsychological cognitive assessment tests for it. To get more information on cognitive impairment of aphasic patients, this study aimed to develop a new cognitive assessment test battery for aphasic patients, the Non-language-based Cognitive Assessment (NLCA), and evaluate its utility in Chinese-speaking patients with aphasia. METHODS: The NLCA consists of five nonverbal tests, which could assess five nonlinguistic cognitive domains such as visuospatial functions, attention test, memory, reasoning, and executive functions of aphasic patients...
October 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
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