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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651406/-survival-time-of-newly-diagnosed-hiv-aids-cases-and-related-factors-in-china-2010
#1
H L Tang, J Li, J Han, J Xu, Y R Mao
Objective: To analyze the survival time of newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS cases and related factors in China in 2010. Methods: The reporting cards and follow-up cards of HIV/AIDS cases reported as of 31 December 2015 were collected from national AIDS information system. The newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS cases in 2010 were selected. The information of follow-up intervention, CD(4+)T cells (CD(4)) testing, antiretroviral treatment and mortality of the cases from 2010 to 2015 were analyzed. Life table method was applied to calculate the survival probability...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651296/early-discharge-hospital-at-home
#2
REVIEW
Daniela C Gonçalves-Bradley, Steve Iliffe, Helen A Doll, Joanna Broad, John Gladman, Peter Langhorne, Suzanne H Richards, Sasha Shepperd
BACKGROUND: Early discharge hospital at home is a service that provides active treatment by healthcare professionals in the patient's home for a condition that otherwise would require acute hospital inpatient care. This is an update of a Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and cost of managing patients with early discharge hospital at home compared with inpatient hospital care. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases to 9 January 2017: the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group (EPOC) register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and EconLit...
June 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650903/thigh-ultrasound-monitoring-identifies-decreases-in-quadriceps-femoris-thickness-as-a-frequent-observation-in-critically-ill-children
#3
Frederic V Valla, David K Young, Muriel Rabilloud, Uvaraj Periasami, Manoj John, Florent Baudin, Carole Vuillerot, Aurélie Portefaix, Deborah White, Jenna A Ridout, Rosan Meyer, Bénédicte Gaillard Le Roux, Etienne Javouhey, Nazima Pathan
OBJECTIVES: Significant muscle wasting develops in critically ill adults, with subsequent worse outcomes. In the pediatric setting, occurrence and effects of muscle wasting are undescribed; this is in part due to a lack of validated, objective methods for assessing muscle wasting. A single measurement of quadriceps femoris thickness has failed to show consistent reproducibility. We hypothesized that averaging repeated measurements could afford good reproducibility to allow for quadriceps femoris thickness decline detection and monitoring...
June 23, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650397/action-observation-of-motor-skills-followed-by-immediate-sleep-enhances-the-motor-rehabilitation-of-older-adults-with-stroke
#4
Alisa A Lubart, Arthur I Leibovitz, Liora D Peleg, Alexandra I Yarovoy, Gilad O Gal, Eliyahu H Mizrahi, Emily N Lubart
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Motor rehabilitation following stroke is a demanding challenge in search for new strategies to improve outcome. Rehabilitation through action observation has been reported beneficial for older adults recovering from stroke. Early sleep session following motor learning enhanced the performance of the acquired motor skills. The purpose of this study was to examine whether an early sleep session following action observation has benefit over action observation alone in the rehabilitation of older adults after stroke...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650199/an-initial-application-of-a-biopsychosocial-framework-to-predict-posttraumatic-stress-following-pediatric-injury
#5
Meghan L Marsac, Nancy Kassam-Adams, Douglas L Delahanty, Jeffrey Ciesla, Danielle Weiss, Keith F Widaman, Lamia P Barakat
OBJECTIVE: Each year millions of children suffer from unintentional injuries that result in poor emotional and physical health. This study examined selected biopsychosocial factors (i.e., child heart rate, peritrauma appraisals, early coping, trauma history) to elucidate their roles in promoting emotional recovery following injury. The study evaluated specific hypotheses that threat appraisals (global and trauma-specific) and coping would predict subsequent posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), that coping would mediate the association between early and later PTSS, and that heart rate would predict PTSS and appraisals would mediate this association...
June 26, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649938/epidemiology-and-survival-of-cervical-cancer-in-the-french-west-indies-data-from-the-martinique-cancer-registry-2002-2011
#6
K Melan, E Janky, J Macni, S Ulric-Gervaise, M-J Dorival, J Veronique-Baudin, C Joachim
BACKGROUND: The Caribbean ranks seventh among world regions most affected by cervical cancer. Social health inequalities, such as differences in access to screening services, engender disparities in incidence and mortality between low- and middle-income countries and industrialized countries. The French National Cancer Plan 2014-2019 focuses on reducing inequalities in cervical cancer. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the geographical distribution and overall survival of cervical cancer, based on data from a population-based cancer registry in Martinique (French West-Indies)...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649901/psychometric-properties-of-the-nepsy-ii-affect-recognition-subtest-in-a-preschool-sample-a-rasch-modeling-approach
#7
Shih-Ying Yao, Rebecca Bull, Kiat Hui Khng, Anisa Rahim
OBJECTIVE: Understanding a child's ability to decode emotion expressions is important to allow early interventions for potential difficulties in social and emotional functioning. This study applied the Rasch model to investigate the psychometric properties of the NEPSY-II Affect Recognition subtest, a U.S. normed measure for 3-16 year olds which assesses the ability to recognize facial expressions of emotion. METHOD: Data were collected from 1222 children attending preschools in Singapore...
June 26, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649868/early-eye-movement-desensitisation-and-reprocessing-emdr-intervention-in-a-disaster-mental-health-care-context
#8
Anna Saltini, Daniela Rebecchi, Chiara Callerame, Isabel Fernandez, Elisa Bergonzini, Fabrizio Starace
'Early psychological intervention' is defined as commencing treatment within three months of the traumatic event, with the aim to prevent or treat posttraumatic stress disorder, ongoing distress or acute stress disorder. In natural disaster situations, specific issues may limit the amount of time available for treatment and the possibility of interventions. Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) can be used without regard to these limits. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of EMDR, Recent Traumatic Episode Protocol (R-TEP) provided within three months of the traumatic event to a large sample of individuals exposed to the earthquake that hit Emilia Romagna Region (Northern Italy) in 2012...
June 25, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649851/avoidance-of-urinary-catheterization-to-minimize-in-hospital-complications-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-an-observational-study
#9
Sandra B Lauck, Jae-Yung Kwon, David A Wood, Jennifer Baumbusch, Tone M Norekvål, Nay Htun, Leo Stephenson, John G Webb
BACKGROUND: Contemporary transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) devices and approach present opportunities to review historical practices initially informed by early treatment development and cardiac surgery. The avoidance of urinary catheterization in the older TAVI population is a strategy to minimize in-hospital complications. The purpose of the study was to explore elimination-related complications following the phased implementation of a default strategy of avoiding urinary catheterization in patients undergoing transfemoral (TF) TAVI...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649416/educational-intervention-to-reduce-disease-related-to-sub-optimal-basic-hygiene-in-rwanda-initial-evaluation-and-feasibility-study
#10
Margaret A Stone, Hormisdas Ndagijimana
BACKGROUND: Despite a global reduction in morbidity related to sub-optimal water, sanitation and hygiene, the incidence of such diseases remains a significant problem in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to initially assess the potential effectiveness (primarily in terms of impact on morbidity) of a simple educational intervention delivered in Rwanda. Additionally, we sought to explore feasibility relating to the practicality of evaluating and implementing this type of intervention in a low- and middle-income country...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648954/fosphenytoin-induced-purple-glove-syndrome-a-case-report
#11
Joseph W Newman, Joseph R Blunck, Ronald K Fields, John E Croom
BACKGROUND: Purple glove syndrome (PGS) is a poorly understood severe adverse drug reaction that is typically associated with intravenous phenytoin administration. Although fosphenytoin is thought to circumvent this risk of PGS, we reveal a rare case of PGS in a patient treated with fosphenytoin therapy. CASE SUMMARY: A 71-year-old male with history of epilepsy was admitted for seizures and traumatic brain injury and intravenous fosphenytoin and levetiracetam were initiated...
June 19, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648845/substance-abuse-and-gender-differences-in-first-episode-psychosis-impact-on-hospital-readmissions
#12
Josep M Crosas, Jesus Cobo, Maribel Ahuir, Carla Hernández, Rebeca García, Esther Pousa, Joan-Carles Oliva, José-Antonio Monreal, Diego J Palao
INTRODUCTION: There have been controversial results in the study of gender differences in first episode psychosis (FEP). Substance abuse is the main existing comorbidity in FEP, and has been associated with worse prognosis and greater symptom severity. OBJECTIVES: To explore gender differences in FEP in relation to drug abuse, and their relationship with hospital readmissions. METHODOLOGY: Descriptive and prospective study (18 months). RESULTS: We included 141 patients (31...
June 22, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648537/outcome-of-surgical-repair-of-pulmonary-artery-aneurysms-a-single-center-experience-with-38-patients
#13
Janani S Reisenauer, Sameh M Said, Hartzell V Schaff, Heidi M Connolly, Joseph J Maleszewski, Joseph A Dearani
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary artery (PA) aneurysms are rare and have been reported only in case reports or small series. We reviewed our experience with surgical repair of PA aneurysms. METHODS: We reviewed all patients with a true PA aneurysm undergoing cardiac operations between 1995 and 2015. We excluded aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms related to right ventricular outflow tract patches or previous conduits. RESULTS: There were 38 patients (24 women [63%]; mean age, 46 ± 15 years), and 14 patients (37%) were asymptomatic...
June 22, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648481/outcomes-of-concomitant-renal-reconstruction-during-open-paravisceral-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#14
Mathew Wooster, Martin Back, Shivangi Patel, Adam Tanious, Paul Armstrong, Murray Shames
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to review the outcomes of renal artery revascularizations during open aortic aneurysm repair. METHODS: Open abdominal aneurysm repairs performed from 2010 to 2015 at a single institution were reviewed, including type IV thoracoabdominal, suprarenal, and juxtarenal aneurysms. Direct renal reconstruction techniques included eversion endarterectomy, bypass, and vessel reimplantation based on the patient's anatomy. Renal loss was defined by artery occlusion...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648419/diagnostic-accuracy-of-serum-cystatin-c-for-early-recognition-of-contrast-induced-nephropathy-in-western-indians-undergoing-cardiac-catheterization
#15
Anand N Shukla, Manish Juneja, Himanshu Patel, Komal H Shah, Ashwati Konat, Bhavesh M Thakkar, Tarun Madan, Jayesh Prajapati
AIMS: We aimed to compare the diagnostic efficacy of serum cystatin C (sCyC) for contrast induced nephropathy (CIN) in Western Indians undergoing cardiac catheterization. We also aimed to propose a clinically applicable cut-off of sCyC for early identification of CIN in this ethnic group. METHODS: In this prospective study, 253 patients undergoing coronary angiography and/or percutaneous coronary intervention were enrolled. The demographic and risk factor details, levels of sCr at baseline, 24 and 48h after the procedure, whereas baseline and 24h levels of sCyC were noted...
May 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648219/primary-care-collaboration-to-improve-diagnosis-and-screening-for-colorectal-cancer
#16
Gordon D Schiff, Trudy Bearden, Lindsay Swain Hunt, Jennifer Azzara, Jay Larmon, Russell S Phillips, Sara Singer, Brandon Bennett, Jonathan R Sugarman, Asaf Bitton, Andrew Ellner
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of cancer death, reducible by screening and early diagnosis, yet many patients fail to receive recommended screening. As part of an academic improvement collaborative, 25 primary care practices worked to improve CRC screening and diagnosis. METHODS: The project featured triannual learning sessions, monthly conference calls, practice coach support, and monthly reporting. The project phases included literature review and interviews with national leaders/organizations, development of driver diagrams to identify key factors and change ideas, project launch and practice team planning, and a practice improvement phase...
July 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648207/stage-progression-and-need-for-renal-replacement-therapy-in-a-renal-protection-programme-in-colombia-a-cohort-study
#17
Carlos Enrique Yepes Delgado, Sara Pérez Dávila, Marcela Montoya Jaramillo, Beatriz Elena Orrego Orozco
BACKGROUND: Due to the global burden represented by chronic kidney disease (CKD), the World Health Organization encouraged the implementation of renal protection programmes (RPP) to affect its incidence through prevention and control measures. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of a Colombian RPP in terms of its effect on the stage progression of CKD and the need for renal replacement therapy (RRT). METHODS: An analytical study that monitored 2cohorts of patients diagnosed with CKD...
May 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648148/debt-counselling-for-depression-in-primary-care-an-adaptive-randomised-controlled-pilot-trial-decoder-study
#18
Mark B Gabbay, Adele Ring, Richard Byng, Pippa Anderson, Rod S Taylor, Caryn Matthews, Tirril Harris, Vashti Berry, Paula Byrne, Elliot Carter, Pam Clarke, Laura Cocking, Suzanne Edwards, Richard Emsley, Mauro Fornasiero, Lucy Frith, Shaun Harris, Peter Huxley, Siw Jones, Peter Kinderman, Michael King, Liv Kosnes, Daniel Marshall, Dave Mercer, Carl May, Debbie Nolan, Ceri Phillips, Tim Rawcliffe, Alexandra V Sardani, Elizabeth Shaw, Sam Thompson, Jane Vickery, Brian Wainman, Mark Warner
BACKGROUND: Depression and debt are common in the UK. Debt Counselling for Depression in Primary Care: an adaptive randomised controlled pilot trial (DeCoDer) aimed to assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the addition of a primary care debt counselling advice service to usual care for patients with depression and debt. However, the study was terminated early during the internal pilot trial phase because of recruitment delays. This report describes the rationale, methods and findings of the pilot study, and implications for future research...
June 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647998/-analysis-of-optical-coherence-tomography-of-early-and-very-late-stent-restenosis-after-drug-eluting-stent-implantation
#19
Z J Liu, B Shi, C C Deng, G X Xu, R Z Zhao, C Y Shen, Z L Wang, H L Liu
Objective: Using optical coherence tomography (OCT) to analyze the morphological characteristics of lesions between early in-stent restenosis (E-ISR) and very late in-stent restenosis (VL-ISR) after drug-eluting stents (DES) implantation. Methods: In 25 patients (DES) with ISR, OCT images were acquired before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), the morphological characteristics of E-ISR (<1 years, n=14) and VL-ISR (>3 years, n=11) were compared.The quantitative and qualitative analysis of the entire stent and the minimum lumen area (MLA) site were carried out respectively...
June 20, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647976/-status-of-marriage-and-hiv-transmission-between-couples-in-newly-reported-hiv-cases-before-diagnosis-was-made-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-2014
#20
J Li, J Han, J Xu, H L Tang, Y R Mao
Objective: To analyze the status of marriage and HIV transmission between couples in newly reported HIV cases before diagnoses were made, among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China. Methods: Baseline and follow-up information related to newly reported cases in 2014 were collected from the Chinese HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System. Infected MSM who were older than 22 years of age were included in this study. HIV cases were divided into sero-concordant or sero-discordant group, according to the HIV status of the couple who were tested 180 days post-diagnosis...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
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